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Dalton may refer to: Dalton, a lunar crater Dalton, chemistry software Dalton, the atomic mass unit, named after chemist John Dalton Dalton, minor character from Buffy the Vampire Slayer television series Dalton, Danish musical band Dalton, non-playable main character in Chrono Trigger The Dalton Brothers, a satirical country band created by U2 The Daltons, fictional outlaws in Lucky Luke comic book series Dalton Academy, a fictional school in the TV series Glee Dalton Russell, character played by Clive Owen in 2006 film Inside Man Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria Dalton, Cumbria Dalton, Lancashire Dalton, North Yorkshire Dalton, North Yorkshire Dalton, South Yorkshire Dalton, West Yorkshire Dalton and Galloway, Scotland Dalton-le-Dale, County Durham Dalton, California Dalton, Georgia Dalton Gardens, Idaho Dalton City, Illinois Dalton, Indiana Dalton Township, Wayne County, Indiana Dalton, Kansas Dalton, Massachusetts Dalton Township, Michigan Dalton, Minnesota Dalton, Missouri Dalton, Nebraska Dalton, New Hampshire Dalton, New York Dalton, North Carolina Dalton, Ohio Dalton, Pennsylvania Dalton Creek, a stream in Utah Dalton, Wisconsin Dalton, Algoma District, Ontario Dalton Township, Ontario Dalton, Israel Dalton, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Dalton, New South Wales, Australia Dalton Airport in Flushing, United States Dalton Municipal Airport in Dalton, Georgia Dalton Highway, in Alaska, United States Dalton Trail, a trail between Alaska and Canada Dalton, Ontario railway station Dalton Dalton Dalton Gang, American Old West outlaws Dalton Armoury, Ontario, a Canadian Forces facility Dalton Barracks, Royal Air Force station near Abingdon, Oxfordshire Dalton Castle, in Dalton-in-Furness, England Dalton Plan, an educational concept created by Helen Parkhurst Dalton School, a private school in New York City Dalton State College, one of eight state colleges in the University System of Georgia Dalton Tradition, a distinctive shape of stone arrowhead Dalton Winery, a winery in Israel Four Seasons Hotel & Private Residences, One Dalton Street Dalton High School Dalton's law, a thermodynamic law about partial pressures D'Alton Daulton

Mahmud I

Mahmud I, known as The Hunchback, was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1730 to 1754. He took over the throne after the Patrona Halil rebellion and he kept good relations with Mughal and Safavid Empires, he was born at Edirne Palace on 2 August 1696, the son of Mustafa II. Mahmud I was the older brother of Osman III, he developed a humped back. His father Mustafa II lived in Edirne. Mahmud passed his childhood in Edirne. On 18 May 1702 he started his eduction in Edirne; when his father deposed himself from the throne he was brought to Istanbul and locked up in Kafes where he spent 27 years of his life. It is not known what kind of culture he acquired during this time, since he continued to play chess, write poetry, deal with music. In addition for childhood and youth, there were dangers for the Kafes life. On 28 September 1730, Patrona Halil with a small group of fellow Janissaries aroused some of the citizens of Constantinople who opposed the reforms of Ahmed III. Sweeping up more soldiers Halil led the riot to the Topkapı Palace and demanded the death of the grand vizer, Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha and the abdication of Ahmed III.

Ahmed III acceded to the demands, had İbrahim Pasha strangled, agreed to his nephew, becoming sultan. Mahmud's real reign begin on 25 November 1730, after this incident. First of all, Istanbul was taken under strict control. Measures were taken. About two thousand suspicious people were captured, some were executed, some were exiled. Mahmud I was recognized as sultan by the mutineers as well as by court officials but for some weeks after his accession the empire was in the hands of the insurgents. Halil rode with the new sultan to the Mosque of Eyüb where the ceremony of girding Mahmud I with the Sword of Osman was performed. A Greek butcher, named Yanaki, had given credit to Halil and had lent him money during the three days of the insurrection. Halil showed his gratitude by compelling the Divan to make Yanaki Hospodar of Moldavia. However, Yanaki never took charge of this office; the Khan of the Crimea assisted the Grand Vizier, the Mufti and the Aga of the Janissaries in putting down the rebellion.

On 24 November 1731, Halil was strangled by the sultan's order and in his presence, after a Divan in which Halil had dictated that war be declared against Russia. His Greek friend, 7,000 of those who had supported him were put to death; the jealousy which the officers of the Janissaries felt towards Halil, their readiness to aid in his destruction, facilitated the exertions of Mahmud I's supporters in putting an end to the rebellion after it had lasted over a year. The Austrian ambassador, who came to Istanbul in August 1740, was given a dinner in Davudpaşa. Çavuşbaşı took him to his mansion prepared in Beyoğlu. On the day of the Ulufe Court, he presented his name to the Sultan. Various demonstrations were held in places where welcome and farewell ceremonies were held for the ambassador from Yeniköy Pier; the rest of Mahmud I's reign was dominated by wars in Persia, with the collapsing Safavid dynasty and the ascendance of Nader Shah. Mahmud faced a notable war in Europe -- the Austro-Russian-Turkish War.

Mahmud I entrusted government to his viziers and spent much of his time composing poetry. The fire that started at the Ayazma gate in January 1750 lasted for 19 hours. Numerous shops and mansions burned until Vefa; the sultan dismissed Boynueğri Abdullah Pasha and appointed Divitdar Mehmed Emin Pasha on 9 January 1750. In the second fire that broke out on 31 March 1750, Abacılar, Yorgancılar, Yağlıkcılar, Haffaflar were burned; the fire spread to Tatlikuyu. The sultan, with the help of the treasury, repaired the burned down and Ağakapısı. Mahmud I started the construction of the Cağaloğlu Bath, called Yeni Hamam, in the spring of 1740 on the land of Cağaloğlu Palace, which covers a large area. Foundation houses were built on the remaining empty lands and a neighborhood was established; the benevolent sultan opened the one in the courtyard of the Hagia Sophia Mosque, the first of the three libraries it established in Istanbul, with a ceremony and made four thousand volumes. In the library, Sahih-i Buharf reading of ten inhabitants every day was one of the conditions of the foundation.

Mahmud came to the Rosary Gate of Hagia Sophia several times, sat in the library and listened to the commentary of tafsir. The famine, which appeared due to the heavy winter, became more heavy at the end of spring. Nader Shah's devastating campaign against the Mughal Empire, created a void in the western frontiers of Persia, exploited by the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud I, who initiated the Ottoman–Persian War, in which the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah cooperated with the Ottomans and their ambassador Haji Yusuf Agha, these relations between the two empires continued until Muhammad Shah's death in 1748. In March 1741, the ambassador of Nadir Shah from Iranian government, Hacı Han, came to Istanbul with three thousand people and his guards unit to prolong the peace in between them. Among his gifts were fabrics embroidered with jewels, ten elephants, valuable weapons. Hacı Han was given a banquet in Fener Bahçesin, it was a problem to pass the elephants brought by hand to Istanbul, wide shakes were laid on the barges, wooden curtains were laid around them so

Paisley (design)

Paisley or paisley pattern is an ornamental textile design using the boteh or buta, a teardrop-shaped motif with a curved upper end. Of Persian origin, paisley designs became popular in the West in the 18th and 19th centuries, following imports of post–Mughal Empire versions of the design from India in the form of Kashmir shawls, were imitated locally. Although the pine cone or almond-like form is of Persian origin, the textile designs cramming many of them into a rich pattern are Indian, the English name for the patterns derives from the town of Paisley, in the west of Scotland, a centre for textiles where paisley designs were produced; the pattern is sometimes called "Persian pickles" by American traditionalists quiltmakers, or "Welsh pears" in Wales. The pattern is still seen in Britain and other English-speaking countries on men's ties and scarfs, remains popular in other items of clothing and textiles in Iran and South and Central Asian countries; some design scholars believe the buta is the convergence of a stylized floral spray and a cypress tree: a Zoroastrian symbol of life and eternity.

The "bent" cedar is a sign of strength and resistance but modesty. The floral motif was originated in the Sassanid dynasty and in the Safavid dynasty of Persia, was a major textile pattern in Iran during the Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties. In these periods, the pattern was used to decorate royal regalia and court garments, as well as textiles used by the general population. Persian and Central Asian designs range the motifs in orderly rows, with a plain background. Boteh Jehgeh, or "ancient motif" more known as paisley has a mysterious origin causing much speculation for its early meaning and mythology surrounding its symbolism. With experts contesting different time periods for its emergence, to understand the proliferation in the popularity of Boteh Jehgeh design and Paisley, it is important to understand South Asian history; the early Indo-Iranian people flourished in South Asia, they exchanged linguistic and religious similarities. The ancient Indo-Iranian people shared. Zoroastrianism, some experts argue, served as one of the earliest influences for Boteh Jegeh's design with the shape representing the cypress tree, an ancient zoroastrian religious symbol.

Others contest that the earliest representation of the patterns shape comes from the Sassanid Dynasty, who lived in modern-day Iran, dating to more than 2,200 years before the common era and remained in power until the 3rd century common era. The design was representative of a tear drop; some will argue that Boteh Jehgeh's origins stem from old religious beliefs and its meaning could symbolize the sun, a phoenix, or an ancient Iranian religious sign for an eagle. Around the same time, a pattern called Boteh was gaining popularity in Iran, the pattern was a floral design, was used as a high class decoration serving to decorate royal items that belonged to those of high status, it was said to have been a pattern worn to represent elite social status, such as that of nobility. The pattern was traditionally woven onto silk clothing using gold material; the earliest evidence of the design being traded with other cultures was found at the red sea, where it is predicted that the earliest trades took place as far back as the 15th century, with both Egyptian and Greek peoples.

In the 18th and19th centuries, the British East India Company was using old silk road routes to trade goods between India and Great Britain, Kashmir shawls from India made their way to England and Scotland where they were fashionable and soon duplicated. The first place in the western world to imitate the design was the town of Paisley in Scotland, Europe's top producer of textiles at this time. Before being produced in Paisley, thus gaining its name in western culture, the paisley design was referred to by westerners as just pine and cone design. Technological innovation in textile manufacturing around this time made it so that western imitations of Kashmir shawls became competitive with Indian made shawls from Kashmir. With the industrial revolution taking place in Europe, paisley shawls were manufactured at an industrial rate, while the shawls from India could be quite expensive at the time, factory manufactured shawls made it so that the fashion became common place amongst middle-class people, thus boosting the designs popularity more.

While the western world appropriated much of eastern culture and design, the Boteh design was by far the most popular. Records indicate that William Moorcroft, an English businessman and explorer visited the Himalayan mountains in the mid 19th century, upon his arrival he was enthralled by Boteh designed Kashmir shawls and tried to arrange for entire families of Indian textile workers to move their lives to the United Kingdom; the earliest paisley shawls made in the United Kingdom, in Paisley Scotland were made out of fleece, a material, put together in such away that one side can be described as containing a soft, fluffy texture. When introduced into western culture, the paisley shawls were worn by males and were worn for ceremonial purposes; as time went on and the paisley shawls began to integrate more into western culture, the design was worn less for ceremonial purposes and came to be seen by society more as a fashionable style of clothing. With the shift in how western cultures wore paisley, it became a style worn by women instead of men.

While still holding an accurate resemblance to its original influence, the paisley design would begin to change once it began to be produced in western cu

Theo Vonk

Theo Vonk is a Dutch former footballer and manager, most in charge of Gibraltar Premier Division side Glacis United, where he served as technical director. Vonk spent the majority of his playing career at AZ'67, playing for them as a central defender for 10 years from 1968 to 1978, before spending a year at FC Volendam and subsequently retiring. After retiring from playing, he joined his boyhood club AZ'67 as assistant manager, spending five years at the club before moving to Sparta Rotterdam in 1984. After a successful two years at the club, during which he guided them to 4th in his first season, he moved to FC Twente, finishing third 3 times over 6 years. A disastrous spell in Spain with Real Burgos followed in 1992, after which he became something of a journeyman manager, aside from three years in charge of AZ. Five years after leaving his last job at Sportclub Enschede, he joined Glacis United as manager and technical director, he left the club on 10 August 2018 due to personal reasons. Theo Vonk is the father of Michel Vonk, who notably played for AZ and Manchester City during his playing career.

In 2013, while in his second spell at Enschede, he suffered a stroke. AZ'67KNVB Cup: 1977–78 AZ'67/AZEredivisie: 1980–81* Eerste Divisie: 1995–96 KNVB Cup: 1980–81*, 1981–82* UEFA Cup Runners-up: 1980–81* Profiel Theo Vonk op Profiel en statistieken van Theo Vonk op

Steven Langton

Steven Daniel Langton is an American bobsledder who has competed since 2007. On February 19, 2012 Steven Langton with pilot Steven Holcomb won the two-man event at the 2012 FIBT World Championships in Lake Placid, New York; this victory marked the first time in the sport's history. On February 26, 2012 Langton teamed with pilot Steven Holcomb and push athletes Justin Olsen and Curtis Tomasevicz to claim gold in the four-man event at the 2012 FIBT World Championships. With this victory and his crew became the first American team to win both the two-man and four-man events in the same world championships. On February 16–17, 2014 Langton teamed with Steven Holcomb to win a bronze medal in the two-man event at the Sochi Winter Olympic Games; the two-man bobsleigh competition at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia was held at the Sliding Center Sanki near Krasnaya Polyana, Russia on February 16–17. This medal marked the first time in 62 years. Following this accomplishment, Langton teamed with Steven Holcomb, Curt Tomasevicz and Christopher Fogt to win a bronze medal in the four-man event.

With this medal, they became the first American team in 62 years to win an Olympic medal in both the two- and four-man events at the same Olympic Games. On January 17, 2010 Langton was named to the 2010 United States Olympic Team, he competed in both the four-man events with pilot, John Napier. Langton finished tenth in the two-man event. Due to injuries that were sustained during USA 2's crash in the second run of the four-man event and his team did compete on the second day. During the 2010–11 season Langton won the Inaugural World Push Championships held in Cesana Pariol, Italy, he has won 21 World Cup medals: 11 gold, 7 silver and 3 bronze. Langton attended Northeastern University, in Boston, graduating cum laude in 2006 with a degree in Business Management and Entrepreneurship. While at Northeastern, Langton competed in Athletics, excelling in both the 100 m and jumping events, his 100 m best is 10.58 seconds Steven Langton's brother, Christopher Langton, was an All-Ivy lacrosse player at Cornell University.

Chris served as Team USA's Alternate for the Sochi Winter Olympic Games. His other brother Sean Langton works as a dentist. 17 January 2010 US Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation announcement of the US Olympic men's bobsleigh team. – accessed January 18, 2010. Steven Langton at the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing


Jiliya is a place in Nagaur District of Rajasthan, India. It was a Princely Thikana in British India, it is developing as a tourist spot to explore the natural scenic beauty of Rajasthan. The majority of the population is involved in agricultural and trade activities. NGOs such as Sankalp Volunteer Society are active in this region of Rajasthan and foreigners participate in the "Jiliya Project", one of the five projects of this NGO in India. Religion: 99% of population are Hindus Geographical Location: 13 km from Kuchaman City Temperature: Max. 44 °C in June, Min. 1 °C in January Monsoon Season: June to July Annual Rainfall: 412 mm Census Code: 01892800 During British rule in India Abhaypura or Jiliya was a Princely Thikana of the Princely State of Jodhpur. Princely State Abhaypura was half of Maroth state and was founded around 1683 AD by Maharaja Bijay Singh, third son of Maharaja Raghunath Singh Mertia Rathore of Maroth. In 1820 AD it accepted nominal allegiance of Jodhpur State, it had 40 villages of Maroth.

As per Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, the paintings of the Man Mandir Temple of Maroth, Rajasthan best depict the art form of the 17th Century Rajputana. The Title of the rulers "Tazim Naresh Maharaja Shri" is derived from the Urdu word Tazeem meaning Respect or Honour, which describes their special position as a Dual Tazimi Thikana in the Princely State of Jodhpur whom the Jodhpur Maharaja receives in Darbar by rising from throne, taking steps, hugging, are exempted from appearance in Courts of Law in Civil Cases. A volunteer program known as the Jiliya Project, run by the Sankalp Volunteer Society NGO, is active in the region as Nagaur is one of the economically underdeveloped districts of the state. Being a desert area, it suffers from lack of water which makes the situation worse for agricultural activities. There are few Government and private medical aid centers, dispensaries in Jiliya, nearby Hospitals are at Kuchaman City. Hospitals & dispensaries in Jiliya. Health facilities: Two government hospital & 3-4 dispensaries in Jiliya