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Coin of Western Satrap Damasena.
Coin of Damasena. The minting date, here 153 (100-50-3 in Brahmi script numerals) of the Saka era, therefore 232 CE, clearly appears behind the head of the king.

Damasena was a Western Kshatrapa ruler, who reigned from 223 to 232 CE.[1] From the reign of Rudrasimha I, the date of minting of each coin, reckoned in the Saka era, is usually written on the obverse behind the king's head in Brahmi numerals, allowing for a quite precise datation of the rule of each king;[2][3] this is a rather uncommon case in Indian numismatics. Some, such as the numismat R.C Senior considered that these dates might correspond to the much earlier Azes era instead.


  1. ^ Rapson, E. J. (Edward James) (1908). Catalogue of the coins of the Andhra dynasty, the Western Ksatrapas, the Traikutaka dynasty, and the "Bodhi" dynasty. London : Printed by order of the Trustees. p. 108.
  2. ^ Rapson CCVIII
  3. ^ Kailash Chand Jain (1972). Malwa through the ages, from the earliest times to 1305 A.D. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Limited. p. 174. ISBN 9788120808249. Retrieved 2017-11-02.


  • Rapson, "A Catalogue of Indian coins in the British Museum. Andhras etc..."