Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne
Mahaut or Matilda II of Boulogne was Countess of Boulogne in her own right and Queen of Portugal by marriage to King Afonso III from 1248 until their divorce in 1253. She was the daughter of Ida, Countess of Boulogne and her husband and co-ruler Renaud, Count of Dammartin, she succeeded her mother as Countess of Boulogne in 1216. She was the great-granddaughter of King Stephen of England. In 1223, Matilda married her first husband, Philippe Hurepel, Count of Clermont-en-Beauvais, a younger, arguably illegitimate son of King Philip II of France. By marriage to her, Philippe became her co-ruler of Boulogne, Mortain and Dammartin-en-Goële. Count Philippe revolted against his widowed sister-in-law, Blanche of Castile, when his half-brother King Louis VIII died in 1226. Count Philippe died in 1234, Matilda reigned independently for three years. To give the county a male head, she married again in 1238 to Infante Afonso, second in line to the Portuguese throne, younger brother of King Sancho II of Portugal.
He became King Afonso III of Portugal on 4 January 1248. At that time he renounced Boulogne. In 1258, Matilda charged Afonso with bigamy. Pope Alexander in response, imposed interdict upon any place. At the time of Matilda's death and Beatriz were still together, despite the Pope's protests, she had a son and a daughter but no surviving issue with Afonso. Matilda's apparent barrenness was the true reason for their divorce. According to reports, Queen Matilda remained in Boulogne and was not allowed to follow her husband to Portugal. Matilda's daughter, having married a lord de Châtillon-Montjay, predeceased her, left no surviving issue, her son renounced his rights and went to England, for unknown reasons. He survived his mother the Countess, but did not leave issue. Barber, Malcolm; the Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. Routledge. Livermore, H. V.. A History of Portugal. Cambridge University Press. Wood, Charles T.. The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy: 1224-1328. Harvard University Press
Villeneuve-sous-Dammartin is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. Inhabitants of Villeneuve-sous-Dammartin are called Villeneuvois. Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department INSEE 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF French Ministry of Culture list for Villeneuve-sous-Dammartin Map of Villeneuve-sous-Dammartin on Michelin
François de Montmorency
François de Montmorency, Duc de Montmorency was a French soldier and peer who served as governor of Paris. He was Duke of Montmorency, Count of Dammartin, Baron of Châteaubriant and Lord of L'Isle-Adam, Grand Master of France and of France. François was the eldest son of Anne, constable of France, Madeleine of Savoy, he accompanied the King to the border of Germany and was present at the capture of Damvillers and of Ivoy in 1552. He took part in the heroic resistance of the town of Thérouanne against the attacks of the troops of Charles V: it had to fall and he was made prisoner on 30 May 1553. On his return from captivity, he was knighted on Michaelmas and was provided with the Government of Paris and the Île-de-France, he was sent to the aid of the Pope Paul IV and retoke with the Spanish the port of Ostia and some other places around Rome. He took part in the Battle of Saint-Quentin on 10 August 1557, defended Picardy against the Spanish and helped in the siege of Calais, in 1558; the King sent him with an embassy to Queen Elizabeth I of England, to get from her a commitment to observe the Peace treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis.
With the death of the King Henri II, he had to yield the title of Grand Master, inherited from his father, to the Duke of Guise. The King gave him the position of Marshal of France in 1559, he married against his will in 1557 to Diane de France, natural daughter of Henry II."Monsieur de Montmorency, known as Brantôme, was a valorous, wise captain and political. For this, when the King went to make the tour of his kingdom, he was left as Governor of Paris. Having found people of Paris, mutinous and ebullient, he was flexible and handy like a glove of chevrotin of Vendôme, to which the King was satisfied."In 1560, he attended the Estates-General, held in Orléans. The disorders of the Wars of Religion having occurred, he sided with the Catholics, participating in the battle of Dreux on 19 December 1562, with the capture of Le Havre, he took part in the battle of Saint-Denis where his father died. Once he became Duke, François continued the House of Montmorency's rivalry with that of the House of Guise.
This rivalry increased. In 1570, he had the difficult task to make the Peace of Saint-Germain accepted in Paris. In 1572, he was sent to Queen Elizabeth I of England to get her to sign an alliance with France, it was on this occasion. In France, François was more unpopular than ever, his incapacity to control the Parisian mutineers meant he had to give up his post of governor of the city. He left the city a few days before the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, it was he who discreetly took down the corpse of Gaspard de Coligny, his cousin, from the gallows of Montfaucon, where he was hanging. In 1574, Charles IX appointed him to the court, but the hatred was so strong between him and the Duke of Guise meant he had to leave again. Not having anything more to lose, he takes part in the plot of Malcontents, the "Third Party" with the duke of Alençon, but he was stopped and locked up in the Bastille with the Marshal of Cossé-Brissac, he was released in April 1575, the King recognized his innocence by letters, recorded at the Parliament.
He died in the Castle of Écouen on 6 May 1579. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Montmorency". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18. Cambridge University Press. P. 787
Tours Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church located in Tours, Indre-et-Loire and dedicated to Saint Gatianus. It is the seat of the Archbishops of Tours, the metropolitan cathedral of the Tours ecclesiastical province, it was built between 1170 and 1547. At the time construction began, the church was located at the south end of the bridge over the Loire, on the road from Paris to the south-west of France, it has been a classified monument historique since 1862. The first cathedral, dedicated to Saint Maurice, was built by Lidoire, Bishop of Tours from 337 to 371. Burnt down in 561, it was restored by Gregory of Tours and rededicated in 590, its location, at the south-west angle of the castrum, as well as its eastern orientation, resulted in the original access being through the late-Roman surrounding wall. The cathedral was rebuilt as a Romanesque church during the second quarter of the 12th century but immediately burnt down again in 1166 during the conflict between Louis VII of France and Henry II of England.
The present cathedral replaces the earlier 12th-century Romanesque building. The first phase concerned the south transept and the towers, as early as 1170; the chancel was rebuilt from 1236 to 1279 by Étienne de Mortagne but the nave took much longer to build. The architect Simon du Mans rebuilt the transept and started the nave, including six spans and chapel, built during the 14th century — the first two spans correspond to those of the old Romanesque cathedral and date back to the 12th century; the nave was only finished during the 15th century by architects Jean de Dammartin, Jean Papin and Jean Durand, thanks to the generosity of Charles VII and the Duke of Brittany Jean V. During the construction of the present cathedral, the nave was extended westward and the towers surrounding its entrance were erected during the first half of the 16th century, the first tower in 1507 by Pierre de Valence 87 m high, the second tower during 1534 and 1547 by Pierre Gadier. Highlighting the special feature of the building, called supra, the towers were erected outside of the old city.
The late-Roman surrounding wall is visible in cross section at the rear of the towers from the north. In 1356, the cathedral was re-dedicated to Saint Gatianus, its construction having been slow led to a local saying: "... not until the cathedral is finished", to mean something long and difficult to achieve. It meant that the building presents a complex pattern of French religious types of architecture from the 13th century to the 15th. For example, the tower buttresses are Romanesque, the ornamentation is pure Gothic, the tops of the towers are Renaissance; the organ, donated by Martin de Beaune, was built by Barnabé Delanoue in the 16th century. The cathedral contains the tomb of the children of Charles VIII and Anne of Brittany, who died as infants; this tomb, in Carrara marble, made by Girolamo da Fiesole, in the Italian style, the recumbent statues on which are reminiscent of the 15th-century French medieval tradition, was kept from 1506 in the Basilica of St. Martin before being moved in 1834 to its present location.
To the north of the cathedral is a small cloister built during the Renaissance. This cloister is known as the cloître de la Psalette, in reference to its function as a school of psalms. To the south of the cathedral is the former archbishop's palace, built in the early 18th century, which has now become the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tours. Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine, buried with his son, Sir James Douglas in the Choir, following the Battle of Verneuil 1424. Structurae.de Base de données Mérimée Gotik-Romanik.de - photos and plan of the cathedral Pierre Camille Le Moine
Dammartin-en-Goële is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is around 30 kilometres northeast of the centre of Paris, it is well situated on a hill forming part of the plateau of la Goële, is known as Dammartin-en-Goële to distinguish it from Dammartin-sur-Tigeaux, a small commune in the same department. It is around 10 kilometres northeast of Charles de Gaulle Airport. Dammartin is important as the seat of a county of which the holders played a considerable part in French history; the earliest recorded count of Dammartin was a certain Hugh, who made himself master of the town in the 10th century. Reynald I, count of Dammartin, one of the coalition crushed by King Philip Augustus at the battle of Bouvines, left two co-heiresses, of whom the elder, married Philip Hurepel, son of Philip Augustus, the second, married Jean de Trie, in whose line the county was reunited after the death of Philip Hurepel's son Alberic; the county passed, through heiresses, to the houses of Fayel and Nanteuil, in the 15th century was acquired by Antoine de Chabannes, one of the favorites of King Charles VII, by his marriage with Marguerite, heiress of Reynald V of Nanteuil-Aci and Marie of Dammartin.
This Antoine de Chabannes, count of Dammartin in right of his wife, fought under the standard of Joan of Arc, became a leader of the Ecorcheurs, took part in the war of the public weal against Louis XI, fought for him against the Burgundians. The collegiate church at Dammartin was founded by him in 1480, his tomb and effigy are in the chancel, his son, Jean de Chabannes, left three heiresses, of whom the second left a daughter who brought the county to Philippe de Boulainvilliers, by whose heirs it was sold in 1554 to the dukes of Montmorency. In the 16th century and an estate here called La Tuillerie was owned by Matthieu Coignet and his heirs. In 1632 the county was confiscated by Louis XIII and bestowed on the Prince of Condé. On 9 January 2015, French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve confirmed that a major operation was under way in Dammartin-en-Goële where police helicopters were deployed; this related to police attempts to capture Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, the main suspects in the Charlie Hebdo shooting.
The gunmen had taken a hostage. The brothers were killed in a gunfight with French police; the population of the town in 2014 was 8,868. Inhabitants of Dammartin-en-Goële are called Dammartinois. Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department Charlie Hebdo shooting INSEE Town Hall 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF French Ministry of Culture list for Dammartin-en-Goële Map of Dammartin-en-Goële on Michelin
Renaud I, Count of Dammartin
Renaud de Dammartin was Count of Boulogne from 1190, Count of Dammartin from 1200 to 1214 and Count of Aumale from 1204 to 1214. He was son of Alberic III of Dammartin, Mathilde of Clermont. Brought up at the French court, he was a childhood friend of Philip Augustus. At his father's insistence he fought for the Plantagenets. Received back into Philip's favour, he married Marie de Châtillon, daughter of Guy II de Châtillon and Adèle of Dreux, a royal cousin. On Philip's advice, he set aside Marie, forcibly married Ida, Countess of Boulogne; the County of Boulogne thereby became vassal to the French king, rather than the count of Flanders. While this marriage made Renaud a power, it made enemies in the Dreux family and that of the count of Guînes, betrothed to Ide. In 1203, Renaud and his wife gave a merchant's charter to Boulogne; this was made for financial consideration. Philip made Renaud Count of Aumale the following year. Following the acquisition of Normandy in April 1204, King Philip granted Renaud the county of Mortain and the honor of Warenne, centered on the fortresses of Mortemer and Bellencombre.
Both Mortain and Warenne had been held by William I of Boulogne and it would appear that King Philip recognized the Boulogne claim to them. In 1211, he refused to appear before Philip in a legal matter, a suit with Philippe de Dreux, bishop of Beauvais. Philip II seized his lands and on 4 May 1212 at Lambeth, Dammartin made an agreement with King John who had lost possessions to Philip. Renaud brought other continental nobles, including the Count of Flanders, into a coalition with John against Philip. In return he was given several fiefs in an annuity; each promised not to make a separate peace with France. With the Emperor Otto IV and Ferdinand of Flanders, he took part in the attack on France in 1214 culminating in the Battle of Bouvines, he was on the losing side, but was one of the last to surrender, refused submission to Philip Augustus. His lands were taken away, given to Philip Hurepel. Renaud was kept imprisoned at Péronne for the rest of his life, his daughter Matilda II was married to Philip Hurepel.
Baldwin, John W.. Aristocratic Life in Medieval France: The Romances of Jean Renart and Gerbert de Montreuil, 1190-1230; the Johns Hopkins University Press. Historique Boulogne
Jean de Dammartin
Jean de Dammartin or Jehan de Dammartin sometimes spelled Dampmartin (14th-century in Jargeau was a 15th-century French architect. He was the son of Drouet de Dammartin and Guy de Dammartin's nephew. Jean de Dammartin was the architect of the transept of the Saint-Julien du Mans Cathedral, between 1420 and 1431. Forced to leave Le Mans after the English took the city during the hundred years war, he succeeded Olivier Freredoux as architect of the cathédrale Saint-Gatien de Tours from 1431 and worked there until 1453 on the facade, when he was replaced by Jean Papin, he is referred to in the texts as "maistre and governor of the church of Tours". Jean married Jeannette Moreau and had a son, Huguet de Dammartin, who worked under his direction, as early as 1431, on the facade of the Tours Cathedral. Jean de Dammartin died in Tours in 1454