Lionel Brockman Richie Jr. is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. Richie's style of ballads with the Commodores and in his solo career launched him as one of the most successful balladeers of the 1980s. Beginning in 1968, Richie was a member of the soul band the Commodores; the Commodores became established as a popular soul group. Over time, Richie wrote and sang more romantic, easy-listening ballads such as "Easy", "Three Times a Lady", "Still", the breakup ballad "Sail On". Richie launched a solo career in 1982 and his 1982 debut solo album, Lionel Richie, contained three hit singles: the Grammy winning U. S. number-one song "Truly", the top five hits "You Are" and "My Love". The album sold over 4 million copies, his 1983 follow-up album, Can't Slow Down, sold over twice as many copies and won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, propelling him into the first rank of international superstars. He co-wrote the 1985 charity single "We Are the World" with Michael Jackson, which sold over 20 million copies.
Over the course of his musical career, Richie has sold over 90 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. He has won four Grammy Awards including Song of the Year in 1985 for "We Are the World" which he co-wrote with Michael Jackson, Album of the Year in 1984 for Can't Slow Down, Producer of the Year in 1984 and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for "Truly" in 1982. Richie has been nominated for two Golden Globe awards and won one. In 1982 he was nominated for Best Original Song for the film Endless Love. In 1986 he was nominated for and won the Golden Globe award for Best Original Song for "Say You, Say Me", featured in the film White Nights; the song won the Academy Award for Best Original Song. In 2016, Richie received the Songwriters Hall of the Johnny Mercer Award. Richie was born and raised in Tuskegee, the son of Lionel Brockman Richie Sr. and Alberta R. Foster He grew up on the campus of Tuskegee Institute, he graduated from East Campus, in Joliet, Illinois.
A star tennis player in Joliet, he accepted a tennis scholarship to attend Tuskegee Institute, graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in economics. Richie considered studying divinity to become a priest in the Episcopal Church, but decided he was not "priest material" and decided to continue his musical career, he is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi, a national honor fraternity for band members, an active life member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. As a student in Tuskegee, Richie formed a succession of R&B groups in the mid-1960s. In 1968, he became a saxophonist with the Commodores, they signed a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 1968 for one record before moving on to Motown Records as a support act to The Jackson 5. The Commodores became established as a popular soul group, their first several albums had a danceable, funky sound, as in such tracks as "Machine Gun" and "Brick House." Over time, Richie wrote and sang more romantic, easy-listening ballads such as "Easy", "Three Times a Lady", "Still", the breakup ballad "Sail On".
By the late 1970s, Richie had begun to accept songwriting commissions from other artists. He composed "Lady" for Kenny Rogers, which hit No. 1 in 1980, produced Rogers' album Share Your Love the following year. Richie and Rogers maintained a strong friendship in years. Latin jazz composer and salsa romantica pioneer La Palabra enjoyed international success with his cover of "Lady,", played at Latin dance clubs. In 1981 Richie sang the theme song for the film Endless Love, a duet with Diana Ross. Issued as a single, the song topped the Canada, Australia, New Zealand and US pop music charts, became one of Motown's biggest hits, its success encouraged Richie to branch out into a full-fledged solo career in 1982. He was replaced as lead singer for the Commodores by Skyler Jett in 1983. Richie's 1982 debut solo album, Lionel Richie, contained three hit singles: the U. S. number-one song "Truly", which continued the style of his ballads with the Commodores and launched his career as one of the most successful balladeers of the 1980s, the top five hits "You Are" and "My Love".
The album sold over 4 million copies. His 1983 follow-up album, Can't Slow Down, sold over twice as many copies and won two Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year, propelling him into the first rank of international superstars; the album contained the number-one hit "All Night Long" a Caribbean-flavored dance number, promoted by a colorful music video produced by former Monkee Michael Nesmith. In 1984, Richie performed "All Night Long" at the closing ceremony of the XXIII Olympic Games in Los Angeles. Several more Top 10 hits followed, the most successful of, the ballad "Hello", a sentimental love song that showed how far Richie had moved from his R&B roots. Richie had three more top ten hits in 1984, "Stuck on You", "Running with the Night" and "Penny Lover", as well as writing & producing "Missing You" for former labelmate and duet partner Diana Ross. In 1985, Richie performed "Say You, Say Me" for the film White Nights; the song won an Oscar for his efforts and reached No. 1 on the U. S. charts, staying there for four weeks, making it the number-two song of 1986 according to Billboard's Year-End Hot 100 chart, behind the charity single "That's What Friends Are For" by Dionne and Friends.
He collaborated with Michael Jackson on the charity single "We Are the World" by USA
Alwin Lopez Jarreau was an American singer and musician. He was nominated for over a dozen more. Jarreau is best known for his 1981 album Breakin' Away, he sang the theme song of the 1980s television series Moonlighting, was among the performers on the 1985 charity song "We Are the World." Jarreau was born in Wisconsin on March 12, 1940, the fifth of six children. Jarreau's father was a Seventh-day Adventist Church minister and singer, his mother was a church pianist. Jarreau and his family sang together in church concerts and in benefits, he and his mother performed at PTA meetings. Jarreau was Badger Boys State delegate for Lincoln High School. At Boys State, he was elected governor. Jarreau went on to attend Ripon College, where he sang with a group called the Indigos, he graduated in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science in psychology. Two years in 1964, he earned a master's degree in vocational rehabilitation from the University of Iowa. Jarreau worked as a rehabilitation counselor in San Francisco, moonlighted with a jazz trio headed by George Duke.
In 1967, he joined forces with acoustic guitarist Julio Martinez. The duo became the star attraction at a small Sausalito night club called Gatsby's; this success contributed to Jarreau's decision to make professional singing his life and full-time career. In 1968, Jarreau made jazz his primary occupation. In 1969, Jarreau and Martinez headed south, where Jarreau appeared at Dino's, The Troubadour, Bitter End West. Television exposure came from Johnny Carson, Mike Douglas, Merv Griffin, Dinah Shore, David Frost, he expanded his nightclub appearances, performing at The Improv between the acts of such rising stars as Bette Midler, Jimmie Walker, John Belushi. During this period, he became involved with the United Church of Religious Science and the Church of Scientology. At the same time, he began writing his own lyrics, finding that his Christian spirituality began to influence his work. In 1975, Jarreau was working with pianist Tom Canning. Records. On Valentine's Day 1976 he sang on the thirteenth episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live, that week hosted by Peter Boyle.
Soon he released his critically acclaimed debut album, We Got By, which catapulted him to international fame and won an Echo Award. A second Echo Award would follow with the release of Glow. In 1978, he won his first Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance for his album, Look To The Rainbow. One of Jarreau's most commercially successful albums is Breakin' Away, which includes the hit song "We're in This Love Together", he won the 1982 Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for Breakin' Away. In 1984, his single "After All" reached 69 on number 26 on the R&B chart, it was popular in the Philippines. His last big hit was the Grammy-nominated theme to the 1980s American television show Moonlighting, for which he wrote the lyrics. Among other things, he was well known for his extensive use of scat singing, vocal percussion, he was a featured vocalist on USA for Africa's "We Are the World" in which he sang the line, "...and so we all must lend a helping hand." Another charitable media event, HBO's Comic Relief, featured him in a duet with Natalie Cole singing the song "Mr. President", written by Joe Sterling, Mike Loveless, Ray Reach.
Jarreau took an extended break from recording in the 1990s. As he explained in an interview with Jazz Review: "I was still touring, in fact, I toured more than I had in the past, so I kept in touch with my audience. I got my symphony program under way, which included my music and that of other people too, I performed on the Broadway production of Grease. I was busier than ever! For the most part, I was doing what I have always done...perform live. I was letting people know that there is a new album coming. I was just waiting for the right label, but I toured more than ever." In 2003, Jarreau and conductor Larry Baird collaborated on symphony shows around the United States, with Baird arranging additional orchestral material for Jarreau's shows. Jarreau toured and performed with Joe Sample, Chick Corea, Kathleen Battle, Gregor Praecht, Miles Davis, George Duke, David Sanborn Rick Braun, George Benson, he performed the role of the Teen Angel in a 1996 Broadway production of Grease. On March 6, 2001, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 7083 Hollywood Boulevard on the corner of Hollywood Boulevard and La Brea Avenue.
In 2006, Jarreau appeared in a duet with American Idol finalist Paris Bennett during the Season 5 finale and on Celebrity Duets singing with actor Cheech Marin. In 2010, Jarreau was a guest on a Eumir Deodato album, with the song "Double Face" written by Jarreau and Nicolosi; the song was produced by the Italian company Nicolosi Productions. On February 16, 2012, he was invited to the famous Italian Festival di Sanremo to sing with the Italian group Matia Bazar. Jarreau was married twice. Jarreau and Phyllis Hall were married from 1964 until their divorce in 1968. Jarreau's second wife was model Susan Elaine Player, fourteen years his junior, they had a son. In 2009, children's author Carmen Rubin published the story Ashti Meets Birdman Al, inspired by Jarreau's music, he read from it across the world. Al and Carmen worked together to promote literacy and the importance of keeping music alive in children, it was reported on July 23, 2010, that Jarreau was
Dayton Daily News
The Dayton Daily News is a daily newspaper published in Dayton, United States. It is a product of Cox Media Group Ohio, an integrated broadcasting, direct marketing and digital media company owned by parent company Cox Enterprises, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, it is the flagship publication of Cox Media Group Ohio. The DDN has its headquarters at the Cox Media Group Ohio Media Center at 1611 South Main Street in Dayton, is located near the University of Dayton campus; the newspaper’s editorial and business offices were moved there in April 2007. For more than 100 years the paper's editorial offices and printing presses were located in downtown Dayton. From 1999 to 2017, the paper was printed at the Print Technology Center near Interstate 75 in Franklin about 15 minutes to the south. In 2017, CMG came to an agreement with Gannett for the paper to be printed at Gannett's facility in Indianapolis; this resulted in closure of the Franklin facility. CMG Ohio publishes two other daily newspapers and websites in Southwest Ohio: Journal-News and the Springfield News-Sun.
CMG Ohio publishes weekly papers Today's Pulse and Oxford Press, had published several other weekly papers until CMG Ohio ceased their operations in January 2013, including The Western Star the oldest weekly paper published in the state, the Pulse-Journal and the Fairfield Echo. In late 2010, Cox Enterprises merged all of its local media holdings under the CMG Ohio brand and consolidated locations to The Media Center. In addition to its print publications, holdings include broadcast media WHIO-TV, MeTV WHIO Classic Television. Radio stations WHIO -FM, K99.1FM WHKO, WZLR The Eagle. On August 15, 1898, James M. Cox purchased the Dayton Evening News. One week on August 22, 1898 he renamed it the Dayton Daily News; the paper was founded with the intention of pioneering a new type of journalism, keeping weak ties to politicians and advertisers while seeking objectivity and public advocacy as primary functions. These goals pushed the paper in the direction of valuing the public interest. A Sunday edition was launched on November 2, 1913.
In 1948, Cox purchased two morning papers, The Journal and The Herald, from the Herrick-Kumler Company. The next year he combined them to form The Journal-Herald. For the next four decades, The Journal-Herald was the conservative morning paper, the Dayton Daily News was the liberal evening paper; the papers operated newsrooms on separate floors of the same building in downtown Dayton. On September 15, 1986, The Journal-Herald and the Daily News were merged to become a morning paper, the Dayton Daily News and Journal-Herald, with both names appearing on the front page; the Journal-Herald name last appeared on the paper's front-page flag on December 31, 1987. Cox was the Democratic Party's candidate for U. S. President in the election of 1920, the city of Dayton has voted for the Democratic candidate in presidential elections since. Cox's running mate for vice president was Franklin Delano Roosevelt, elected president in 1932; the paper was led by Jeff Bruce as editor from 1998 to 2008. Bruce replaced Max Jennings.
When Bruce retired in 2007 Kevin Riley, 44, a graduate of the University of Dayton, was named editor. Riley spent most of his career with the paper, starting as a copy editor and serving as sports editor, Internet general manager, publisher of the Springfield News-Sun in Springfield, Ohio, he was promoted from deputy editor. In 2010, Riley was named editor of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and that paper's editor, Julia Wallace, under whose leadership the AJC won Pulitzer Prizes in 2006 and 2007, moved to Dayton to become Senior Vice President of news and programming for CMG Ohio heading a new combined newspaper and radio newsroom, she was soon after named the first female publisher and retired in 2016. In 2011, Jana Collier was promoted from managing editor to editor-in-chief of CMG Ohio and is responsible for content and operations for all daily and weekly papers. Collier is the first woman to be editor-in-chief of the Dayton Cox newspaper organization. In 1998, reporters Russell Carollo and Jeff Nesmith won the Pulitzer Prize for their reporting on dangerous flaws and mismanagement in the military health care system, a series relevant to its readership because of the presence of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in neighboring Greene County.
The paper is the home of cartoonist Mike Peters, who draws the Mother Goose and Grimm strip and won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1981, columnist Dale Huffman, who had written a daily metro column every day for more than eight years before beginning a hiatus on January 30, 2008, after he was diagnosed with kidney cancer. The following people at some point worked at or wrote for the Dayton Daily News: Erma Bombeck Si Burick Ritter Collett Charlotte Reeve Conover James M. Cox Bob Englehart Clem Hamilton Marj Heyduck Dale Huffman Hal McCoy Jeff Nesmith Mike Peters Tom Archdeacon John Scalzi Myron Scott Charley Stough III Dann StuppClara Weisenborn Roz Young In 1988, Daily News publisher Dennis Shere was fired by Cox Newspapers because he rejected a health lecture advertisement by homosexual groups. Shere cited his "Christian perspective" in declining to print the ad; the Southern Baptist Convention subsequently passed a resolution calling on "all media to refuse advertising that promotes homosexuality or any other lifestyle, destructive to the family".
Catch Me If You Can (soundtrack)
Catch Me If You Can: Music from the Motion Picture is the original soundtrack of the 2002 film of the same name, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Tom Hanks, Christopher Walken, Martin Sheen and Amy Adams. The original score was conducted by John Williams; the film was the twentieth collaboration between director Steven Spielberg. The album was produced by John Williams, it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score and the Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media. The first track of the soundtrack is featured in The Simpsons episode "Catch'Em If You Can". "Catch Me If You Can" was covered by Argentine actress Valentina Zenere in Disney Channel from the Argentine TV series Soy Luna. Soundtracks for Catch Me If You Can at Internet Movie Database
Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments. There are two main types of woodwind instruments: reed instruments. What differentiates these instruments from other wind instruments is the way in which they produce their sound. All woodwinds produce sound by splitting an exhaled air stream on a sharp edge, such as a reed or a fipple. A woodwind may be made of any material, not just wood. Common examples include brass, cane, as well as other metals such as gold and platinum. Woodwinds are made out of earthen materials ocarinas. Common examples include flute, clarinet and saxophone. Flutes produce sound by directing a focused stream of air below the edge of a hole in a cylindrical tube; the flute family can be divided into two sub-families: closed flutes. To produce a sound with an open flute, the player is required to blow a stream of air across a sharp edge that splits the airstream; this split airstream acts upon the air column contained within the flute's hollow causing it to vibrate and produce sound.
Examples of open flutes are the transverse flute and shakuhachi. Ancient flutes of this variety were made from tubular sections of plants such as grasses and hollowed-out tree branches. Flutes were made of metals such as tin, copper, or bronze. Modern concert flutes are made of high-grade metal alloys containing nickel, copper, or gold. To produce a sound with a closed flute, the player is required to blow air into a duct; this duct acts as a channel bringing the air to a sharp edge. As with the open flutes, the air is split. Examples of this type of flute include the recorder and organ pipes. Reed instruments produce sound by focusing air into a mouthpiece which causes a reed, or reeds, to vibrate. Similar to flutes, Reed pipes are further divided into two types: single reed and double reed. Single-reed woodwinds produce sound by placing a reed onto the opening of a mouthpiece; when air is forced between the reed and the mouthpiece, the reed causes the air column in the instrument to vibrate and produce its unique sound.
Single reed instruments include the clarinet and others such as the chalumeau. Double-reed instruments use two cut, small pieces of cane bound together at the base; this form of sound production has been estimated to have originated in the middle to late Neolithic period. The finished, bound reed is inserted into the instrument and vibrates as air is forced between the two pieces; this family of reed pipes is subdivided further into another two sub-families: exposed double reed, capped double reed instruments. Exposed double-reed instruments are played by having the double reed directly between the player's lips; this family includes instruments such as the oboe, cor anglais and bassoon, many types of shawms throughout the world. On the other hand, Capped double-reed instruments have the double reed covered by a cap; the player blows through a hole in this cap that directs the air through the reeds. This family includes the crumhorn. Bagpipes are unique reed pipe instruments since they use two or more single reeds.
However, bagpipes are functionally the same as a capped double reed instruments since the reeds are never in direct contact with player's lips. Free reed aerophone instruments are unique since sound is produced by'free reeds' – small metal tongues arranged in rows within a metal or wooden frame; the airflow necessary for the instruments sound is generated either by a player's breath, or by bellows. The modern orchestra's woodwind section includes: flutes, oboes and bassoons; the piccolo, cor anglais, bass clarinet, E-flat clarinet, contrabassoon are used supplementary woodwind instruments. The section may on occasion be expanded by the addition of saxophone; the concert band's woodwind section is much larger and more diverse than the orchestra's. The concert band's woodwind section includes piccolos, oboes, B♭ clarinets, bass clarinets, alto saxophones, tenor saxophones, baritone saxophones; the cor anglais, E♭ clarinet, alto clarinet, contra-alto clarinet, contrabass clarinet and soprano saxophone are used, but not as as the other woodwinds.
Brass instrument Musical instrument Wind instrument Percussion instrument How do Woodwind Instruments work Woodwind Fingering Chart Woodwind Reference – ClassicalMusicHomepage.com
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Go West (band)
Go West are an English pop duo, formed in 1982 by lead vocalist Peter Cox and rhythm guitarist and backup vocalist Richard Drummie. The duo enjoyed their peak of popularity between the mid 1980s and the early 1990s and are best known for the international top 10 hits "We Close Our Eyes", "Call Me", "King of Wishful Thinking", they were named Best British Newcomer at the 1986 Brit Awards. In 1982, Cox and West formed the band Go West, with Cox as lead singer and Drummie on guitar and backing vocals. Go West possessed a portastudio, but lacked a band or recording company. Cox and Drummie decided, with support from John Glover, their manager, to find a musical producer, record just two of their songs; the tracks "We Close Our Eyes" and "Call Me" found Go West landing a recording contract with Chrysalis Records. Upon confirmation of the Chrysalis deal, they recruited British guitarist Alan Murphy, whose contributions became a key ingredient in shaping the duo's musical identity. Go West's debut single, "We Close Our Eyes", was released in 1985 and reached No. 5 on the UK Singles Chart, No. 5 on the US Dance Club Play chart and No. 41 on the Billboard Hot 100.
The video for the song, directed by Godley & Creme, became an early favourite on MTV. "We Close Our Eyes" would prove to be the band's highest-placed UK single, their only appearance in the UK top ten. The duo's eponymous debut album was released in 1985, it included "We Close Our Eyes" and "Call Me" as well as "Don't Look Down", which served as the prequel to what would be their first top 40 hit in the US. The album peaked at no. 8 at no. 60 in the United States. Bangs and Crashes, an album of remixes, B-sides and live tracks, was released in 1986, included the track "One Way Street", part of the Rocky IV soundtrack. "Don't Be Afraid of Your Dreams" was in the film A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master during the closing credits. Go West was voted "Best Newcomer" at the 1986 Brit Awards. In 1987, Go West released the proper follow-up to their debut album, Dancing on the Couch, which made the UK top 20. Although several singles were released, the album's success paled in comparison to the first in the States.
However, it yielded the band's first American top 40 hit single: "Don't Look Down – The Sequel", a continuation of the track "Don't Look Down" from the debut album. It was not included on UK versions of the LP and CD, which instead included the track "Let's Build a Boat". In 1990, Go West had a no. 8 hit in the U. S. with "King of Wishful Thinking" from the film Pretty Woman. The track was written by Drummie in collaboration with Martin Page. In 1991, the song received an ASCAP award for being one of the most played songs in America the previous year. In 1992, the duo released the Indian Summer album, which included "Faithful". Written by the band and Martin Page and produced by Peter Wolf, the song reached the top 20 in Canada and the United States. In 1997, Cox took a break from Go West to release his self-titled debut solo album. Cox and Drummie appeared on Jim'll Fix It: Strikes Again in 2007, to re-create a popular'fix-it' from 1986; the band's most recent studio album 3D was released as a three-part series of EPs, the first of, released on 29 March 2010, the second at the end of March 2011 and the third part on 4 March 2013.
In November 2015, a compilation album called 80's Re:Covered featured two Go West covers of The Killers' "Human", including a remix, while a recording of a 2003 concert recorded at the Robin 2 in Bilston was released as Live Robin 2 - 2003 CD/DVD in 2016. The concert was released as the live DVD Kings Of Wishful Thinking - Live in 2004. Peter Cox – vocals Richard Drummie – guitars, vocals Alan Murphy - guitars Touring membersBen Lochrie – lead guitar Lyndon J Connah – keyboards Richard Brook – drums Vinzenz Benjamin – bass The Best of Go West: Live at the NEC Tony Hadley v's Peter Cox & Go West Live Robin 2 - 2003 Aces and Kings – The Best of Go West The Best of Go West The Best Of The Very Best of Go West Bangs & Crashes More Bangs and Crashes 3D Part 1 3D Part 2 3D Part 3 Official Go West Website and Forum http://www.gowest.org.uk Official Peter Cox Website http://www.peter-cox.org Peter Cox interviewed by Kevin Gurney from 96.5 Bolton FM https://soundcloud.com/kevingurney/peter-cox-of-go-west Go West at AllMusic