Central Islip, New York
Central Islip is a hamlet and census-designated place within the Town of Islip in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population was 34,450 at the 2010 census. Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the Secatogue tribe of Algonquin native-American people lived in the area now known as Central Islip. In 1842, the Long Island Rail Road's eastward expansion reached the area, the Suffolk County Station was opened up; the Suffolk County Station, became the commercial center for housing. With that being done the name Central Islip was thus born, applied to a new station built in 1873 further to the east; the modern Central Islip station is in a different location from all of its predecessors. In 1889, what became. By 1955, it housed over 10,000 patients, it closed in 1996. In the mid-1990s, Central Islip began a resurgence, with new housing developments, commercial properties, government complexes. A new federal courthouse complex opened, claimed to be the second largest in the country. On part of the site of the former Central Islip Psychiatric Center's 788-acre campus.
In 2000, the baseball stadium for Independent league team Long Island Ducks opened up. Housing developments in Central Islip include: College Woods Park Row Bella Casa Estates Islip Landing Courthouse Commons Waddington Estates Hawthorne Court Coventry Village Central Islip is located at 40° 47' 3" north, 73° 11' 57" west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.1 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 34,450 people, 8,792 households, 6,813 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 4,398.2 per square mile. There were 9,189 housing units at an average density of 1,264.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 43.6% White, 25.0% African American, 3.4% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 5.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.1% of the population. Foreign-born residents comprised 34.7% of the population. There were 8,792 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 8.0% were persons under the age of 5, 3.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families.
16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.56 and the average family size was 3.87. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $55,504, the median income for a family was $57,252. Males had a median income of $35,187 versus $27,842 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $17,910. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 34,450 people, 9,365 households, 6,928 families living in the CDP; the racial/ethnic breakdown was as follows: 43.6% White 25.0% Black 0.9% Native American 3.4% Asian 0.0% Native Hawaiian 0.4% Some other race 5.9% Two or more racesIn addition, 52.1% was of Hispanic origin.
Central Islip Public Schools operates public schools. Pre-K and K Early Childhood Center Grades 1-5 Andrew T. Morrow Elementary Francis J. O'Neil Elementary Marguerite Mulvey Elementary Cordello Ave. Elementary Health and Medical Sciences Academy and Visual Media Arts Academy Mulligan Middle School Forensic Legal Sciences Academy and Performing Arts Academy Ralph G. Reed Middle School Central Islip Senior High School 9-12 Private Schools within Central Islip St. John of God Our Lady of Providence Regional SchoolCentral Islip is home to NYIT and Touro Law Center, located next to the local New York Supreme Court building. Central Islip Seventh-Day Adventist Church, 143 Caleb's Path Central Islip Church of Christ First Spanish Baptist Church, 51 Hawthorne Avenue The First United Methodist Church on Wheeler Rd. Iglesia Fuente de Agua Viva, 100 East Suffolk Ave Central Islip NY 11722 Iglesia Bíblica TorreFuerte Iglesia Evangelica Resurreccion Ministerio Jesu Cristo Vive, 1417 Islip Avenue Lighthouse Tabernacle Church of God St. John of God Roman Catholic Church Church of the Messiah Episcopal Church Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, 268 Suffolk Avenue Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, 105 Fig Street Major roads within the hamlet of Islip are: Suffolk County Road 17 known as Carleton Avenue through most of the community and Wheeler's Road north of Suffolk Avenue, runs parallel to NY Route 111 from its southern terminus at NY 27A in Islip to its northern terminus at NY 111 near the Long Island Expressway at Exit 56 in Hauppauge.
Suffolk County Road 67 known as the Long Island Motor Parkway runs along the northern edge of the community. Suffolk County Road 100 known as Suffolk Avenue, is the main west-to-east route through the community, running from Suffolk County Road 13 in Brentwood to New York State Route 454 in Islandia. Southern State Parkway runs within nearby Islip Terrace but is close enough to the Islip Terrace/Central Islip border. Islip Terrace is west of Long Island MacArthur Airport in Ronkonkoma. Central Islip Station is located along the Ronkonkoma Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. There a
Pardon the Interruption
Pardon the Interruption is a sports television show that airs weekdays on various ESPN TV channels. It is hosted by Tony Kornheiser and Michael Wilbon, who discuss, argue over, the top stories of the day in "sports... and other stuff". Similar in format to Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert's At the Movies, PTI is known for its humorous and loud tone, as well as the "rundown" graphic which lists the topics yet to be discussed on the right-hand side of the screen; the show's popularity has led to the creation of similar shows on ESPN and similar segments on other series, the rundown graphic has since been implemented on the morning editions of SportsCenter, among many imitators. The show has emanated from Washington, D. C. since its debut, as both Kornheiser and Wilbon were writing for The Washington Post at the time. The pair's frequent arguments during their time at the Post are cited as both the antecedent and inspiration for PTI. PTI debuted on October 22, 2001; the founding production team behind PTI includes Mark Shapiro, Erik Rydholm, Todd Mason, James Cohen, Joseph Maar.
The original deal was for two years with an option for a third. The show aired Sunday evening, but this stint was short-lived. Recorded at Atlantic Video's facilities in Washington, the show now occupies space at ABC News' Washington bureau. Voice actress Kat Cressida lends her voice to commercial bumpers for the series and has since its premiere. From the premiere of PTI until September 8, 2014, Tony Reali served as the show's statistician and became a de facto co-host. Reali became the host of Around the Horn in 2004 while continuing his job on PTI leaving in 2014 to move to New York City and work on Good Morning America; the show won a Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Studio Show in 2009 and 2016. Pardon the Interruption airs at 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time on ESPN; the following outlets carry the show at other times: ESPN2 airs the show at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time; the show has other repeats throughout the evening and into the next morning. WTEM, ESPN Radio affiliate for Washington, DC, airs the entire show at 7:05 p.m. Eastern Time and again at 5:30 a.m. the next morning.
WMVP, ESPN Radio affiliate in Chicago airs the show at 7:05 p.m. Central Time; the ESPN Radio network makes an edited version available to its affiliates, with only a few segments, at 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time. An ESPN Radio SportsCenter update is inserted at 6:40.. In Canada, TSN airs. In 2011, the SportsCentre edition following PTI now features the final segment, but TSN did not air it. Tony acknowledged this at the end of the show signing off while waving a Canadian flag Since April 17, 2006, ESPN has offered a free audio podcast which cuts out commercials and includes all segments; the podcast is made available two to three hours after its original telecast on ESPN. ESPN America airs the show across Europe in a late night slot at 11:30pm unless pre-empted by live sports coverage, it is repeated during the following day at 7:30am. ESPN 3 Mexico, Central America & Caribbean airs PTI in original language at 10:00 pm from Monday to Friday; the show is not broadcast in any other part of Latin America.
Since May 7, 2018, PTI started to be aired on ESPN 5, the sports block of Philippine-based TV channel and ESPN affiliate The 5 Network, on a delayed telecast basis. It is aired weekdays from 9:30 - 10:00 am Philippine Standard Time. On January 8, 2018 – the day of the 2018 College Football Playoff National Championship – PTI aired an hourlong episode beginning at 5:00 p.m. Pardon the Interruption averages a little more than one million viewers daily. Famous fans include Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Tom Hanks, Bill Murray, David Letterman, Tom Cotton, Hank Azaria, Chris Christie, Eric Stonestreet, Matthew Morrison, John Heilemann, Penny Marshall, Michael Kelly, Eva Longoria, John McCain, Tim Russert, Maury Povich; the October 24, 2011 episode featured a message from then-President Obama commemorating the tenth anniversary of the show. On July 12, 2013, Kornheiser and Reali were guests at the White House. After lunch, the trio met in the Oval Office with Obama. Pardon the Interruption is unique in its studio layout, featuring a "wall" full of cut-out cardboard heads of athletes and celebrities that have been used in the "Role Play" segment, bobblehead dolls of the show's hosts and Reali, Etch-A-Sketch art of Kornheiser and Wilbon, multiple penguins and several other toys and trinkets they have received, such as Kornheiser's beloved "Leg Lamp" from A Christmas Story, Stewie Griffin and Elmo.
For different American holidays, the set will be decorated with other props to match the theme of the day. For example, on Halloween, carved jack-o'-lanterns of the host's heads are present; the color of the rundown graphic is changed to mesh with the holiday theme. On September 27, 2010, Pardon the Interruption and Around The Horn began broadcasting in high definition and moved from the Atlantic Video Washington complex to facilities in the ABC News Washington bureau, where high definition sets were built for both shows. PTI is divided into several segments, it is not unusual for the last point or topic in each section to be about a non-sports-related pop-culture event. On rare occasions, the show will stray from its basic format, such as on August 9, 2005, when basebal
Baseball Writers' Association of America
The Baseball Writers' Association of America is a professional association for baseball journalists writing for daily newspapers and qualifying websites. The BBWAA was founded on October 14, 1908, to improve working conditions for sportswriters in the early part of the 20th century; the forty-three founding members of the Baseball Writers Association first met in mid-October 1908. They included Joe S. Jackson. At that time, Jackson was the sporting editor of the Detroit Free Press. Selected as officers were Irving E. Sanborn of the Chicago Tribune, syndicated columnist Hugh Fullerton, Boston Globe baseball writer Tim Murnane A second meeting was held in New York City in December; the slate of officers was ratified, anyone who wrote about baseball in major league cities was eligible for membership. This policy changed, however, in December 1913, at which time it was decided that minor league baseball writers could become members. Jackson became a dominant force in the early years of the baseball writers, being elected as president of the association during nine consecutive terms.
Jackson retired in 1919, while Sanborn returned to assume the position of president. After that, Jackson became a member of the BBWAA Board of Directors; the organization's primary function is to work with Major League Baseball and individual teams to assure clubhouse and press-box access for BBWAA members. In addition, BBWAA members elect players to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, the organization's most public function. All writers with 10 continuous years of membership in the BBWAA, plus active BBWAA membership at any time in the preceding 10 years, are eligible to vote for the Hall of Fame; the BBWAA votes annually for the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Most Valuable Player Award, Cy Young Award, Jackie Robinson Rookie of the Year Award, Manager of the Year Award in each of the two major leagues. The Hall of Fame empowers the BBWAA's Historical Overview Committee, made up of 11 or 12 veteran BBWAA members, to formulate the annual ballot for the Veterans Committee. Considering the ready availability of television broadcasts for the majority of baseball games, plus instant access to information through the Internet, some have called into question why the BBWAA has not broadened its membership rules to include broadcasters and researchers.
Others have questioned why the BBWAA is involved in the award and Hall of Fame voting processes at all, citing in some cases journalistic integrity and the need to remain unbiased in their coverage of newsworthy events. The BBWAA's most public function is to annually vote on candidates for the National Baseball Hall of Fame. In addition, the BBWAA is responsible for voting on several annual awards in each major league, including: Kenesaw Mountain Landis Most Valuable Player Award Cy Young Award Jackie Robinson Rookie of the Year Award Manager of the Year AwardIn or about 2000, the BBWAA took over the voting responsibility for the Edgar Martínez Award, given each year to the outstanding designated hitter in the American League. From 1953 to 1962, the BBWAA presented a "Sophomore of the Year Award" in each league. In 1997, a 36-member BBWAA panel selected the Major League Baseball All-Time Team. Replicas of various BBWAA awards and lists of past winners are displayed at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, in the Records Room, which has other exhibits, including charts showing active and all-time leaders in various baseball statistical categories.
The annual J. G. Taylor Spink Award is the highest award given by the BBWAA; the award is open to both BBWAA members and nonmembers, but only one winner—Roger Angell of The New Yorker, the 2014 recipient—had never been a BBWAA member in his career. Despite having written on baseball for more than a half-century, Angell never worked a specific baseball writing beat, thereby making him ineligible for BBWAA membership. In 2007, the BBWAA opened its membership to web-based writers employed on a full-time basis by "websites that are credentialed by MLB for post-season coverage." For information about the chapter and its presiding officer, see footnote and Red Foley. National awards presented at chapter dinnerKenesaw Mountain Landis Most Valuable Player Award Cy Young Award Jackie Robinson Rookie of the Year Award Manager of the Year Award Chapter awardsBabe Ruth Award New York Player of the Year Award Arthur and Milton Richman "You Gotta Have Heart" Award Joan Payson/Shannon Forde Award Casey Stengel "You Can Look It Up" Award Joe DiMaggio "Toast of the Town" Award William J. Slocum–Jack Lang Award Ben Epstein–Dan Castellano "Good Guy" Award (for candor and accessibility to writer
Akron is the fifth-largest city in the U. S. is the county seat of Summit County. It is located on the western edge of the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, about 30 miles south of Cleveland; as of the 2017 Census estimate, the city proper had a total population of 197,846, making it the 119th-largest city in the United States. The Greater Akron area, covering Summit and Portage counties, had an estimated population of 703,505; the city was founded in 1825 by Simon Perkins and Paul Williams, along the Little Cuyahoga River at the summit of the developing Ohio and Erie Canal. The name is derived from the Greek word signifying high point, it was renamed South Akron after Eliakim Crosby founded nearby North Akron in 1833, until both merged into an incorporated village in 1836. In the 1910s, Akron doubled in population. A long history of rubber and tire manufacturing, carried on today by Goodyear Tire, gave Akron the nickname "Rubber Capital of the World", it was once known as a center of airship development.
Today, its economy includes manufacturing, education and biomedical research. Notable historic events in Akron include the passage of the Akron School Law of 1847, which created the K–12 system. A racially diverse city, it has seen noted racial relations speeches by Sojourner Truth in 1851 — the Ain't I A Woman? Speech. Du Bois in 1920. In 1914, Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Akron. Episodes of major civil unrest in Akron have included the riot of 1900, rubber strike of 1936, the Wooster Avenue riots of 1968. In 1811, Paul Williams settled near the corner of what is now Broadway, he suggested to General Simon Perkins, surveyor of the Connecticut Land Company's Connecticut Western Reserve, that they found a town at the summit of the developing Ohio and Erie Canal. The name is adapted from meaning summit or high point, it was laid out in December 1825, where the south part of the downtown Akron neighborhood sits today. Irish laborers working on the Ohio Canal built about 100 cabins nearby.
After Eliakim Crosby founded "North Akron" in the northern portion of what is now downtown Akron in 1833, "South" was added to Akron's name until about three years when the two were merged and became an incorporated village in 1836. In 1840, Summit County formed from portions of Portage and Stark Counties. Akron replaced Cuyahoga Falls as its county seat a year and opened a canal connecting to Beaver, helping give birth to the stoneware, sewer pipe, fishing tackle, farming equipment industries. In 1844, abolitionist John Brown moved into the John Brown House across the street from business partner Colonel Simon Perkins, who lived in the Perkins Stone Mansion; the Akron School Law of 1847 founded the city's public schools and created the K–12 grade school system, used in every U. S. state. The city's first school is now a museum on Broadway Street near the corner of Exchange; when the Ohio Women's Rights Convention came to Akron in 1851, Sojourner Truth extemporaneously delivered her speech named "Ain't I A Woman?", at the Universalist Old Stone Church.
In 1870, a local businessman associated with the church, John R. Buchtel, founded Buchtel College, which became the University of Akron in 1913. Ferdinand Schumacher bought a mill in 1856, the following decade mass-produced oat bars for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Akron incorporated as a city in 1865. Philanthropist Lewis Miller, Walter Blythe, architect Jacob Snyder designed the used Akron Plan, debuting it on Akron's First Methodist Episcopal Church in 1872. Numerous Congregational and Presbyterian churches built between the 1870s and World War I use it. In 1883, a local journalist began the modern toy industry by founding the Akron Toy Company. A year the first popular toy was mass-produced clay marbles made by Samuel C. Dyke at his shop where Lock 3 Park is now. Other popular inventions include rubber balloons, dolls, baby buggy bumpers, little brown jugs. In 1895, the first long-distance electric railway, the Akron and Cleveland Railroad, began service. On August 25, 1889, the Boston Daily Globe referred to Akron with the nickname "Summit City".
To help local police, the city deployed the first police car in the U. S. that ran on electricity. The Riot of 1900 saw assaults on city officials, two deaths, the destruction by fire of Columbia Hall and the Downtown Fire Station; the American trucking industry was birthed through Akron's Rubber Capital of the World era when the four major tire companies Goodrich Corporation, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, General Tire were headquartered in the city. The numerous jobs the rubber factories provided for deaf people led to Akron being nicknamed the "Crossroads of the Deaf". On Easter Sunday 1913, 9.55 inches of rain fell, causing floods that killed five people and destroyed the Ohio and Erie Canal system. From 1916 to 1920, 10,000 schoolgirls took part in the successful Akron Experiment, testing iodized salt to prevent goiter in what was known as the "Goiter Belt"; the Akron & National Marble Tournament was created in 1923 by Roy W
University of Miami
The University of Miami is a private, nonsectarian research university in Coral Gables, United States. As of 2018, the university enrolls 17,331 students in 12 separate colleges/schools, including the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine in Miami's Health District, a law school on the main campus, the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science focused on the study of oceanography and atmospheric sciences on Virginia Key, with research facilities at the Richmond Facility in southern Miami-Dade County; the university offers 138 undergraduate, 144 master's, 68 doctoral degree programs, of which 64 are research/scholarship and four professional areas of study. Over the years, the university's students have represented all 50 states and close to 150 foreign countries. With more than 15,000 full and part-time faculty and staff, UM is a top 10 employer in Miami-Dade County. UM's main campus in Coral Gables has over 5.7 million square feet of buildings. Research is a component of each academic division, with UM attracting $345.8 million in sponsored research grants in FY 2018.
UM offers a large library system with over 3.9 million volumes and exceptional holdings in Cuban heritage and music. UM offers a wide range of student activities, including fraternities and sororities, a student newspaper and a radio station. UM's intercollegiate athletic teams, collectively known as the Miami Hurricanes, compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. UM's football team has won five national championships since 1983 and its baseball team has won four national championships since 1982. A group of citizens chartered the University of Miami in 1925 with the intent to offer "unique opportunities to develop inter-American studies, to further creative work in the arts and letters, to conduct teaching and research programs in tropical studies", they believed. They were overly optimistic about future financial support for UM because the South Florida land boom was at its peak. During the Jim Crow era, there were three large state-funded universities in Florida for white males, white females, black coeds.
The university began in earnest in 1925 when George E. Merrick, the founder of Coral Gables, gave 160 acres and nearly $5 million, to the effort; these contributions were land contracts and mortgages on real estate, sold in the city. The university was chartered on April 1925 by the Circuit Court for Dade County. By the fall of 1926, when the first class of 372 students enrolled at UM, the land boom had collapsed, hopes for a speedy recovery were dashed by a major hurricane. For the next 15 years the university remained solvent; the first building on campus, now known as the Merrick Building, was left half built for over two decades due to economic difficulties. In the meantime, classes were held at the nearby Anastasia Hotel, with partitions separating classrooms, giving the university the early nickname of "Cardboard College."In 1929, founding member William E. Walsh and other members of the Board of Regents resigned in the wake of the collapse of the Florida economy. UM's plight was so severe that students went door to door in Coral Gables collecting funds to keep it open.
A reconstituted ten-member Board was chaired by UM's first president Bowman Foster Ashe. The new board included Merrick, Theodore Dickinson, E. B. Douglas, David Fairchild, James H. Gilman, Richardson Saunders, Frank B. Shutts, Joseph H. Adams, J. C. Penney. In 1930, several faculty members and more than 60 students came to UM when the University of Havana closed due to political unrest. UM filed for bankruptcy in 1932. In July 1934, the University of Miami was reincorporated and a Board of Trustees replaced the Board of Regents. By 1940, community leaders were replacing administration as trustees; the university survived this early turmoil. During Ashe's presidency, the university added the School of Law, the Business School, the School of Education, the Graduate School, the Marine Laboratory, the School of Engineering, the School of Medicine. During World War II, UM was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program, which offered students a path to a Navy commission.
One of Ashe's longtime assistants, Jay F. W. Pearson, assumed the presidency in 1952. A charter faculty member and a marine biologist by trade, Pearson retained the position until 1962. During his presidency, UM awarded its first doctorate degrees and saw an increase in enrollment of more than 4,000; the social changes of the 1960s and 1970s were reflected at UM. In 1961, UM began to admit black students. African Americans were allowed full participation in student activities and sports teams. After President Stanford pressed for minority athletes, in December 1966, UM signed Ray Bellamy, an African American football player. With Bellamy, UM became the first major college in the Deep South with a Black football player on scholarship. UM established an Office of Minority Affairs to promote diversity in both undergraduate and professional school admissions. With the start of the 1968 football season, President Henry Stanford barred the playing of "Dixie" by the university's band. UM regulated female student conduct more than men's conduct with a staff under the Dean of Women watching over the women.
UM combined the separate Dean of Men and Dean of Women positions in 1971. In 19
LeBron Raymone James Sr. is an American professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He is considered the best basketball player in the world and regarded by some as the greatest player of all time, his accomplishments include four NBA Most Valuable Player Awards, three NBA Finals MVP Awards, two Olympic gold medals. James has been named NBA All-Star MVP three times, he won the 2008 NBA scoring title, is the all-time NBA playoffs scoring leader, is fourth in all-time career points scored. He has been voted onto the All-NBA First Team twelve times and the All-Defensive First Team five times. James played basketball for St. Vincent–St. Mary High School in his hometown of Akron, where he was touted by the national media as a future NBA superstar. A prep-to-pro, he joined the Cleveland Cavaliers in 2003 as the first overall draft pick. Named the 2003–04 NBA Rookie of the Year, he soon established himself as one of the league's premier players. After failing to win a championship with Cleveland, James left in 2010 to sign as a free agent with the Miami Heat.
This move was announced in an ESPN special titled The Decision, is one of the most controversial free agent decisions in American sports history. James won his first two NBA championships while playing for the Miami Heat in 2012 and 2013, he was named NBA Finals MVP in both championship years. After his fourth season with the Heat in 2014, James opted out of his contract to re-sign with the Cavaliers. In 2016, he led the Cavaliers to victory over the Golden State Warriors in the NBA Finals, delivering the team's first championship and ending Cleveland's 52-year professional sports title drought. In 2018, James opted out of his contract with the Cavaliers to sign with the Lakers. Off the court, James has accumulated additional fame from numerous endorsement contracts, his public life has been the subject of much scrutiny, he has been ranked as one of America's most influential and popular athletes. He has been featured in books and television commercials, he has hosted the ESPY Awards and Saturday Night Live, appeared in the 2015 film Trainwreck.
James was born on December 30, 1984, in Akron, Ohio to a 16-year-old mother, Gloria Marie James, father Anthony McClelland. Anthony was not involved in their life; when James was growing up, life was a struggle for the family, as they moved from apartment to apartment in the seedier neighborhoods of Akron while Gloria struggled to find steady work. Realizing that her son would be better off in a more stable family environment, Gloria allowed him to move in with the family of Frank Walker, a local youth football coach who introduced James to basketball when he was nine years old. James started playing organized basketball in the fifth grade, he played Amateur Athletic Union basketball for the Northeast Ohio Shooting Stars. The team enjoyed success on a local and national level, led by James and his friends Sian Cotton, Dru Joyce III, Willie McGee; the group dubbed themselves the "Fab Four" and promised each other that they would attend high school together. In a move that stirred local controversy, they chose to attend St. Vincent–St.
Mary High School, a private Catholic school with predominantly white students. As a freshman, James averaged 6 rebounds per game for the St. Vincent-St. Mary varsity basketball team; the Fighting Irish went 27–0 en route to the Division III state title, making them the only boys high school team in Ohio to finish the season undefeated. As a sophomore, James averaged 25.2 points and 7.2 rebounds with 5.8 assists and 3.8 steals per game. For some home games during the season, St. Vincent-St. Mary played at the University of Akron's 5,492-seat Rhodes Arena to satisfy ticket demand from alumni and college and NBA scouts who wanted to see James play; the Fighting Irish finished the season 26–1 and repeated as state champions. For his outstanding play, James was named Ohio Mr. Basketball and selected to the USA Today All-USA First Team, becoming the first sophomore to do either. Prior to the start of his junior year, James was featured in Slam, an American basketball magazine, writer Ryan Jones lauded him as "the best high school basketball player in America right now".
During the season, he appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated, becoming the first high school basketball underclassman to do so. With averages of 29 points, 8.3 rebounds, 5.7 assists, 3.3 steals per game, he was again named Ohio Mr. Basketball and selected to the USA Today All-USA First Team, became the first junior to be named male basketball Gatorade National Player of the Year. St. Vincent-St. Mary finished the year with a 23–4 record, ending their season with a loss in the Division II championship game. Following the loss, James unsuccessfully petitioned for a change to the NBA's draft eligibility rules in an attempt to enter the 2002 NBA draft. During this time, he used marijuana, which he said was to help cope with the stress that resulted from the constant media attention he was receiving. Throughout his senior year and the Fighting Irish traveled around the country to play a number of nationally ranked teams, including a game against Oak Hill Academy, nationally televised on ESPN2.
Time Warner Cable, looking to capitalize on James's popularity, offered St. Vincent-St. Mary's games to subscribers on a pay-per-view basis throughout the season. For the year, James averaged 31.6 points, 9.6 rebounds, 4.6 assists, 3.4 steals per game, was named Ohio Mr. Basketball and selected to the USA Today All-USA First Team
ESPN is a U. S.-based sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc. a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Communications. The company was founded in 1979 by Bill Rasmussen along with his son Scott Ed Egan. ESPN broadcasts from studio facilities located in Bristol, Connecticut; the network operates offices in Miami, New York City, Seattle and Los Angeles. James Pitaro serves as chairman of ESPN, a position he has held since March 5, 2018 due to the resignation of John Skipper on December 18, 2017. While ESPN is one of the most successful sports networks, there has been much criticism of ESPN, which includes accusations of biased coverage, conflict of interest, controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts; as of January 2016, ESPN is available to 91,405,000 paid television households in the United States. Nielsen has reported a much lower number in 2017, below 90,000,000 subscribers, losing more than 10,000 a day. In addition to the flagship channel and its seven related channels in the United States, ESPN broadcasts in more than 200 countries, operating regional channels in Australia, Latin America and the United Kingdom, owning a 20% interest in The Sports Network as well as its five sister networks in Canada.
In 2011, ESPN's history and rise was chronicled in Those Guys Have All the Fun, a nonfiction book written by James Andrew Miller and Tom Shales and published by Little and Company. Bill Rasmussen conceived the concept of ESPN in late May 1978, after he was fired from his job with the World Hockey Association's New England Whalers. One of the first steps in Bill and his son Scott's process was finding land to build the channel's broadcasting facilities; the Rasmussens first rented office space in Plainville, Connecticut. However, the plan to base ESPN there was put on hold because a local ordinance prohibiting buildings from bearing rooftop satellite dishes. Available land area was found in Bristol, with funding to buy the property provided by Getty Oil, which purchased 85% of the company from Bill Rasmussen on February 22, 1979, in an attempt to diversify the company's holdings; this helped the credibility of the fledgling company, however there were still many doubters to the viability of their sports channel concept.
Another event that helped build ESPN's credibility was securing an advertising agreement with Anheuser-Busch in the spring of 1979. Taped in front of a small live audience inside the Bristol studios, it was broadcast to 1.4 million cable subscribers throughout the United States. ESPN's next big break came when the channel acquired the rights to broadcast coverage of the early rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, it first aired the NCAA tournament in March 1980, creating the modern day television event known as "March Madness." The channel's tournament coverage launched the broadcasting career of Dick Vitale, who at the time he joined ESPN, had just been fired as head coach of the Detroit Pistons. In April of that year, ESPN created another made-for-TV spectacle, when it began televising the NFL Draft, it provided complete coverage of the event that allowed rookie players from the college ranks to begin their professional careers in front of a national television audience in ways they were not able to previously.
The next major stepping stone for ESPN came over the course of a couple of months in 1984. During this time period, the American Broadcasting Company purchased 100% of ESPN from the Rasmussens and Getty Oil. Under Getty ownership, the channel was unable to compete for the television rights to major sports events contracts as its majority corporate parent would not provide the funding, leading ESPN to lose out for broadcast deals with the National Hockey League and NCAA Division I college football. For years, the NFL, NBA and Major League Baseball refused to consider cable as a means of broadcasting some of their games. However, with the backing of ABC, ESPN's ability to compete for major sports contracts increased, gave it credibility within the sports broadcasting industry. In 1984, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the NCAA could no longer monopolize the rights to negotiate the contracts for college football games, allowing each individual school to negotiate broadcast deals of their choice.
ESPN took full advantage and began to broadcast a large number of NCAA football games, creating an opportunity for fans to be able to view multiple games each weekend, the same deal that the NCAA had negotiated with TBS. ESPN's breakthrough moment occurred in 1987, when it secured a contract with the NFL to broadcast eight games during that year's regular season – all of which aired on Sunday nights, marking the first broadcasts of Sunday NFL primetime games. ESPN's Sunday Night Football games would become the highest-rated NFL telecasts for the next 17 years; the channel's decision to broadcast NFL games on Sunday evenings resulted in a decline in viewership for the daytime games shown on the major broadcast networks, marking the first time that ESPN had been a legitimate competitor to NBC and CBS, which had long dominated the sports television market. In 19