Nevermind is the second studio album by American rock band Nirvana, released on September 24, 1991 by DGC Records. Produced by Butch Vig, it was the band's first release on the label, as well as the first to feature drummer Dave Grohl. Despite low commercial expectations, the album became an unexpected breakout success due to the popularity of its lead single "Smells Like Teen Spirit". By January 1992, it had replaced Michael Jackson's Dangerous at number one on the US Billboard 200, produced three other successful singles: "Come as You Are", "Lithium", "In Bloom". Nevermind was responsible in part for bringing both alternative rock and grunge music to a mainstream audience, has been ranked on lists of the greatest albums of all time by publications such as Rolling Stone and Time; the Recording Industry Association of America certified the album Diamond, it has sold at least 30 million copies worldwide, with 10.6 million sold in the United States alone. Nirvana was a grunge rock band from Aberdeen, formed by Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic in 1987, that had signed to Seattle independent record label Sub Pop.
The band released their debut album Bleach with Chad Channing on drums. However, Channing left Nirvana in 1990, the band was in need of a permanent drummer. During a show by hardcore punk band Scream, the group's drummer, Dave Grohl, impressed Cobain and Novoselic; when Scream unexpectedly disbanded, Grohl contacted Novoselic, travelled to Seattle, was soon invited to join the band. Novoselic said in retrospect that when Grohl joined the band, everything "fell into place". Meanwhile, Cobain was writing a number of new songs. At the time Cobain was listening to bands like The Melvins, R. E. M; the Smithereens, the Pixies. Feeling disillusioned by the heavy detuned rock popular in the Seattle grunge scene upon which Sub Pop had built its image, Cobain—inspired by his contemporary listening habits—began writing songs that were more melodic. A key development was the single "Sliver", released on Sub Pop in 1990, which Cobain said "was like a statement in a way. I had to release it on a single to prepare people for the next record.
I wanted to write more songs like that." Grohl said that the band at that point made the analogy of likening their music to children's music, in that the band tried to make its songs as simple as possible. By the start of the 1990s, Sub Pop was experiencing financial difficulties. With rumors that Sub Pop would sign up as a subsidiary of a major record label, the band decided to "cut out the middleman" and start to look for a major record label. A number of labels courted the band, but Nirvana signed with Geffen Records imprint DGC Records based upon repeated recommendations from Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth and their management company. In early 1990, Nirvana began planning its second album for Sub Pop, tentatively titled Sheep. For the album, Sub Pop head Bruce Pavitt suggested Butch Vig as a potential producer. Nirvana liked Vig's work with Killdozer and called Vig up to tell him, "We want to sound as heavy as that record." The band traveled out to Vig's Smart Studios in Madison, recording from April 2 to 6, 1990.
Most of the basic song arrangements were completed by that time, but Cobain was still working on lyrics and the band was unsure of which songs to record. Eight songs were recorded: "Immodium", "Dive", "In Bloom", "Pay to Play", "Sappy", "Lithium", "Here She Comes Now", "Polly". On April 6, the band played a local show in Madison with fellow Seattle band Tad. Vig began to mix the recordings while the band hung out in Madison, giving an interview to Madison's community radio station WORT on April 7. Nirvana had planned to record more tracks, but Cobain had strained his voice, forcing Nirvana to shut down recording. On April 8 the group headed to Milwaukee to kick off an extensive Midwest and East Coast tour of 24 shows in 39 days. Vig was told that the group would come back to record more songs, but the producer did not hear anything for a while. With the band parting ways with drummer Chad Channing after the tour, additional recording was put on hold. Instead, Nirvana used the sessions as a demo tape to shop for a new label.
Within a few months, the tape was circulating amongst major labels, creating a buzz around the group. After signing to DGC, a number of producers for the album were suggested, including Scott Litt, David Briggs, Don Dixon, but Nirvana still wanted Butch Vig. Novoselic noted in 2001 that the band was nervous about recording on a major label, the producers suggested by DGC wanted percentage points for working on the album. Instead, the band held out with whom they felt comfortable collaborating. Afforded a budget of $65,000, Nirvana recorded Nevermind at Sound City Studios in Van Nuys, California in May and June 1991. Nirvana was set to record the album during March and April 1991, but the date kept getting pushed back in spite of the band's eagerness to begin the sessions. To earn gas money to get to Los Angeles, Nirvana played a show where they performed "Smells Like Teen Spirit" for the first time; the band sent Vig some rehearsal tapes prior to the sessions that featured songs recorded at Smart Studios, along with some new ones including "Smells Like Teen Spirit" and "Come as You Are".
When the group arrived in California, Nirvana did a few days of pre-production where the band and Vig tightened up some of the song arrangements. The only recording carried over from th
Incesticide is a compilation album by the American rock band Nirvana. It consists of their 1990 non-album single "Sliver", B-sides, outtakes and radio broadcast recordings; the album was released on December 14, 1992, in Europe, December 15, 1992, in the United States. It reached number 39 on the Billboard 200. Early in 1992, Jonathan Poneman of Sub Pop contacted Gary Gersh, who had signed Nirvana to Geffen Records, to inform him that Sub Pop still had a number of unreleased early Nirvana recordings in their possession; the band had intended to release the material via Sub Pop and cynically called it Cash Cow. However, Sub Pop could not match Geffen's distribution network, the band felt that getting the material maximum exposure was important. Sub Pop sold the recordings to Geffen for "a six-figure amount" on the condition that the band would create and approve the release of an album by Christmas 1992. At the time, the majority of the material on Incesticide was circulating within fan communities.
It was reported in the music press that the band wanted to offer fans a higher-quality alternative. In the book Cobain Unseen, Charles R. Cross writes that Kurt Cobain agreed to the release of this compilation because he was allowed complete control over the album's artwork. Since the songs were recorded in different sessions and some were recorded when Nirvana did not have a stable formation, the album includes recordings by four different drummers: Chad Channing, Dan Peters, Dale Crover, Dave Grohl; the songs "Hairspray Queen", "Aero Zeppelin", "Big Long Now" were unreleased at the time, as well as the versions of "Been a Son", "Aneurysm", " Polly", which are different from the versions released on the Blew EP, the "Smells Like Teen Spirit" single, the Nevermind record, respectively. "Downer" appears on the CD version of Nirvana's 1989 debut album Bleach but was only included from the 1992 reissue onwards. "Dive" and "Sliver" were released on the "Sliver" single in 1990. "Dive" was previously released on The Grunge Years compilation album in 1991.
"Stain" was released on the Blew EP in 1989. The three cover songs, "Turnaround", "Molly's Lips" and "Son of a Gun" were released on the Hormoaning EP in 1992, only released in Japan and Australia. "Mexican Seafood" appeared on the 1989 Teriyaki Asthma Volume 1 compilation. "Beeswax" appeared on the 1991 Kill Rock Stars compilation album. The cover art was painted by Cobain, credited as Kurdt Kobain in the liner notes; the rubber duck seen on the album's back cover belonged to Cobain. The front cover prominently displays a poppy; the first several pressings of the album contained liner notes written by Cobain, including a statement decrying homophobia and misogyny: If any of you in any way hate homosexuals, people of different color, or women, please do this one favor for us—leave us the fuck alone! Don't come to our shows and don't buy our records. Versions of the album containing the liner notes by Cobain could be found at record stores as late as 1998. Initial copies in the U. S. and Canada contained a Parental Advisory label.
The album received positive reviews. "Nobody wants a Hatful of Hollow-type assortment of Peel/Goodier sessions, b-sides and obscurities in the place of a proper studio album," observed Andrew Perry in Select. "But, wouldn't you try and put an end to the consumer madness going on in your name? And harvest some of the money for yourself? Anyway, people might start talking about the music again…" In a review for AllMusic, music critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine said that the song "Aneurysm" was "perhaps the greatest single song the group recorded". Incesticide was released on December 14, 1992 in the United Kingdom, on December 15, 1992 in the United States; the record label, decided against promoting the album to avoid a "Nirvana burnout" as the band had released Nevermind and four singles in the preceding fifteen months. Despite this lack of promotion and being a collection of old and new material, Incesticide debuted at number 51 in the Billboard 200 and sold 500,000 copies in two months; the album is certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.
On November 23, 2012, Incesticide was re-released on vinyl as a limited two LP 45 RPM edition for its 20th anniversary. All tracks written by Kurt Cobain except. All sessions: Kurt Cobain – vocals, guitar Krist Novoselic – bass guitarSeattle, WA: Reciprocal Recording Studios Nirvana's first studio demo tape. Songs: "Beeswax", "Downer", "Mexican Seafood", "Hairspray Queen" and "Aero Zeppelin" Dale Crover – drums Jack Endino – producer, engineerSeattle, WA: Reciprocal Recording Studios The Bleach recording sessions. Song: "Big Long Now" Chad Channing – drums Jack Endino – producer, engineerSeattle, WA: Music Source Studios The Blew EP recording sessions. Song: "Stain" Chad Channing – drums Steve Fisk – producerMadison, WI: Smart Studios The sessions for the planned second Sub Pop album. Song: "Dive" Chad Channing – drums Butch Vig – producerSeattle, WA: Reciprocal Recording Studios The "Sliver" Sub Pop single session. Song: "Sliver" Dan Peters – drums Jack Endino – producer, engineerLondon, England: Maida Vale Studio 3 The 1990 BBC session for John Peel.
Songs: "Turnaround", "Molly's Lips" and "Son of a Gun" Dave Grohl – drums Dale Griffin – producer Mike Engles – engineer Fred Kay – engineerLondon, England: Maida Vale Studio 4 The 1991 BBC session for Mark Goodier. Songs: "Been a Son", "
A drummer is a percussionist who creates music using drums. Most contemporary western bands that play rock, jazz, or R&B music include a drummer for purposes including timekeeping and embellishing the musical timbre; the drummer's equipment includes a drum kit which includes various drums, cymbals and an assortment of accessory hardware such as pedals, standing support mechanisms, drum sticks. In other genres in the traditional music of many countries, drummers use individual drums of various sizes and designs rather than drum kits; some use only their hands to strike the drums. In larger ensembles, the drummer may be part of a rhythm section with other percussionists playing, for example, marimba or xylophone; these musicians provide the timing and rhythmic foundation which allow the players of melodic instruments, including voices, to coordinate their musical performance. Some famous drummers include: John Bonham, Ginger Baker, Keith Moon, Neil Peart, Buddy Rich, Gene Krupa, Tim "Herb" Alexander, Rashied Ali, Carl Allen, Steve White, Craig Blundell, Travis Barker, Tony Royster Jr. Rick Allen.
As well as the primary rhythmic function, in some musical styles, such as world, jazz and electronica, the drummer is called upon to provide solo and lead performances, at times when the main feature of the music is the rhythmic development. There are many tools that a drummer can use for either soloing; these include cymbals, toms, auxiliary percussion and many others. There are single and triple bass pedals for the bass drum. Before motorized transport became widespread, drummers played a key role in military conflicts. Military drummers provided drum cadences that set a steady marching pace and elevated troop morale on the battlefield. In some armies drums assisted in combat by keeping cadence for firing and loading drills with muzzle loading guns. Military drummers were employed on the parade field, when troops passed in review, in various ceremonies including ominous drum rolls accompanying disciplinary punishments. Children served as drummer boys well into the nineteenth century, though less than is popularly assumed.
In modern times, drummers are not employed in battle. Buglers and drummers mass under a sergeant-drummer and during marches alternately perform with the regiment or battalion ensembles. Military-based musical percussion traditions were not limited to the western world; when Emir Osman I was appointed commander of the Turkish army on the Byzantine border in the late 13th century, he was symbolically installed via a handover of musical instruments by the Seldjuk sultan. In the Ottoman Empire, the size of a military band reflected the rank of its commander in chief: the largest band was reserved for the Sultan, it included various percussion instruments adopted in European military music. The pitched bass drum is still known in some languages as the Turkish Drum. Military drumming is the origin of Traditional grip as opposed to Matched grip of drumsticks; the drumline is a type of marching ensemble descended from military drummers, can be arranged as a performance of a drum, a group of drummers, or as a part of a larger marching band.
Their uniforms will have a military style and a fancy hat. In recent times, it is more common to see drummers in parades wearing costumes with an African, Latin, Native American, or tribal look and sound. Various indigenous cultures use the drum to create a sense of unity with others during recreational events; the drum helps in prayers and meditations. List of drummers Drum beat Drum machine Drum tracks Kathleen. "Drum". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 8. Cambridge University Press. P. 598
Kurt Donald Cobain was an American singer and musician, best known as the guitarist and frontman of the rock band Nirvana. Cobain is remembered as one of the most iconic and influential rock musicians in the history of alternative music. Born in Aberdeen, Cobain formed the band Nirvana with Krist Novoselic and Aaron Burckhard in 1987 and established it as part of the Seattle music scene which became known as grunge. After signing with major label DGC Records, Nirvana found success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit" from their second album Nevermind. Following the success of Nevermind, Nirvana was labelled "the flagship band" of Generation X, Cobain was hailed as "the spokesman of a generation". During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with heroin addiction and chronic health problems such as depression, he struggled with the personal and professional pressures of fame, his marriage to musician Courtney Love. On April 8, 1994, at the age of 27, Cobain was found dead at his home in Seattle, police concluded he died on April 5 from a self-inflicted shotgun wound to his head.
Cobain has been described as a "Generation X icon". He was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, along with Nirvana bandmates Dave Grohl and Novoselic, in their first year of eligibility in 2014. In 2003, David Fricke of Rolling Stone ranked him the 12th greatest guitarist of all time, he was ranked 7th by MTV in the "22 Greatest Voices in Music". In 2006, he was placed 20th by Hit Parader on their list of the "100 Greatest Metal Singers of All Time". Cobain was born at Grays Harbor Hospital in Aberdeen, Washington on February 20, 1967, the son of waitress Wendy Elizabeth and automotive mechanic Donald Leland Cobain, his parents were married on July 1965, in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. His ancestry included Dutch, French, German and Scottish, his Irish ancestors emigrated from Carrickmore, County Tyrone in 1875. Researchers found that they were shoemakers named "Cobane", who came from Inishatieve, a townland within Carrickmore, they first settled in Cornwall, Canada, in Washington.
Cobain himself believed his family came from County Cork. His younger sister, was born on April 24, 1970. Cobain's family had a musical background, his maternal uncle, Chuck Fradenburg, played in a band called The Beachcombers. Kurt was described as being a happy and excitable child, who exhibited sensitivity and care, his talent as an artist was evident from an early age, as he would draw his favorite characters from films and cartoons, such as the Creature from the Black Lagoon and Donald Duck, in his bedroom. This enthusiasm was encouraged by his grandmother, Iris Cobain, a professional artist. Cobain began developing an interest in music at a young age. According to his aunt Mari, he began singing at the age of two. At age four, he started singing, writing a song about a trip to a local park, he listened to artists like the Ramones and Electric Light Orchestra, from a young age, would sing songs like Arlo Guthrie's "Motorcycle Song," The Beatles' "Hey Jude," Terry Jacks' "Seasons in the Sun", the theme song to the television show of the band The Monkees.
When Cobain was nine years old, his parents divorced. He said that the divorce had a profound effect on his life, while his mother noted that his personality changed dramatically. In a 1993 interview, he elaborated: I remember feeling ashamed, for some reason. I was ashamed of my parents. I couldn't face some of my friends at school anymore, because I wanted to have the classic, you know, typical family. Mother, father. I wanted that security, so I resented my parents for quite a few years because of that. Cobain's parents both found new partners after the divorce. Although his father had promised not to remarry, after meeting Jenny Westeby, he did, to Kurt's dismay. Cobain, his father and her two children and James, moved into a new household together. Cobain liked Westeby at first. In January 1979, Westeby gave birth to Chad Cobain; this new family, which Cobain insisted was not his real one, was in stark contrast to the attention Cobain was used to receiving as an only boy, he soon began to express resentment toward his stepmother.
Cobain's mother began dating a man, abusive. Cobain witnessed the domestic violence inflicted upon her, with one incident resulting in her being hospitalized with a broken arm. Wendy steadfastly refused to press charges, remaining committed to the relationship. Cobain behaved insolently toward adults during this period of his youth, began bullying another boy at school; such misconduct caused his father and Westeby to take him to a therapist, who concluded that he would benefit from a single family environment. Both sides of the family to no avail. On June 28, 1979, Cobain's mother granted full custody to his father. Cobain's teenage rebellion became overwhelming for his father, who placed his son in the care of family and friends. While living with the born-again Christian family of his friend Jesse Reed, he became a devout Christian and attended church services, he renounced Christianity, engagi
The Lucky Ones (Mudhoney album)
The Lucky Ones is the eighth studio album released by American alternative rock band Mudhoney. It was released by Sub Pop Records on May 20, 2008; the band has said that the album was written “from the rhythm up instead of from the riff and the lyrics down" and has stated that it's the fastest album they made. As singer and rhythm guitarist Mark Arm has said "The effect is to thrust out the bottom-end rumble of drummer Dan Peters and bassist Guy Maddison, to bring about a cohesive whole not ruled by the almighty riff—although you don’t have to look hard to find ‘em." Rather spontaneously, the veterans recorded the eleven songs found on the record in only 3.5 days, including overdubs. The ninth track on the album is titled "Tales of Terror" in honour of the Sacramento hardcore punk band Tales of Terror that influenced and inspired the grunge movement. All songs written by Mudhoney. "I'm Now" - 2:40 "Inside Out Over You" - 3:25 "The Lucky Ones" - 4:52 "Next Time" - 3:01 "And the Shimmering Light" - 3:05 "The Open Mind" - 2:26 "What's This Thing?"
- 2:54 "Running Out" - 3:28 "Tales of Terror" - 3:17 "We Are Rising" - 4:30 "New Meaning" - 2:39 Mark Arm - vocals Steve Turner - guitar Dan Peters - drums Guy Maddison - bass Tucker Martine - production, mixing Floyd Reitsma - assistant engineer Bill Inglot - mastering Dave Schultz - mastering Jeff Kleinsmith - art direction and design
Georg Albert Ruthenberg, better known by the stage name Pat Smear, is an American musician and actor. He was a founding member of punk band the Germs, was the touring guitarist for grunge band Nirvana from 1993 to 1994. After Nirvana ended, its drummer Dave Grohl went on to become the frontman of rock band Foo Fighters. Georg Ruthenberg was born and raised in West Los Angeles, California, to a mother of African-American and Native American descent and a German immigrant father, his parents forced him to take piano lessons at a young age, a few years he began teaching himself to play the guitar. Before becoming a musician, he was a religious child and at age 13 left home to join a commune, he attended IPS, an alternative school within University High School in Los Angeles. It was there that he met vocalist Darby Crash, alongside whom he would play in the Germs in the late 1970s. Smear and Crash were both expelled from IPS due to concerns they were inciting unruly behavior among the students. Smear lists his influences as Joan Jett, Brian James, Brian May, Steve Jones.
As a teenager in 1976, Smear and Darby Crash formed the Germs with bassist Lorna Doom and drummer Dottie Danger. Smear was the only band member who had proficiency. For most of his time in the Germs, Smear reported that he didn't own a guitar but rather "just borrowed from whoever we were playing with". Carlisle was soon replaced by Don Bolles and, in 1979, the band released their first album, produced by Joan Jett; the record is now regarded as a milestone in the history of punk rock, with Smear earning praise for his guitar work: "Smear has an equal claim to being the album's star and for good reason – not only did he co-write everything, his clipped, catchy monster riffing was as pure punk in the late-'70s sense as anything, wasting no time on anything extraneous."The Germs, including Smear, appeared in the punk documentary The Decline of Western Civilization, directed by Penelope Spheeris. The Germs endured for one more year before disbanding in 1980 after Crash committed suicide. Following the demise of the Germs, Smear played in 1981 with ex-The Screamers keyboardist Paul Roessler and his sister Kira Roessler in a band called Twisted Roots.
Although short-lived, the band was the toast of the Hollywood punk scene. Smear would go on to play with Nina Hagen and make two solo albums of his own, So You Fell in Love with a Musician... Smear had a brief stint as a member of punk band The Adolescents in 1981. During this time, he worked as an actor in bit parts, appearing in the television shows Quincy, M. E. and CHiPs, in the films Blade Runner, Breakin' and Howard the Duck. While working on Breakin', Smear became friends with Courtney Love. In addition he appeared as an extra in the music video for Prince and The Revolution's single "Raspberry Beret", he can be seen sitting in front of Lisa Coleman's piano. Smear was in deathrock band 45 Grave with Don Bolles. During this stint, they recorded a 7" titled Black Cross. In 1993, he received a call from Nirvana's frontman Kurt Cobain, asking him to join the band as a second guitarist for an upcoming tour. Smear at first thought that it was Carlos "Cake" Nunez, playing a joke on him. Smear accepted and played his first show with Nirvana on Saturday Night Live on September 25, 1993.
He toured with Nirvana for about six months, appears on their live albums MTV Unplugged in New York, From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah, as well as on material for the compilations Nirvana and With the Lights Out and the concert DVD Live And Loud. Smear's time with Nirvana brought him his first mass audience exposure. Nirvana came to an end with Cobain's death in April 1994. Following Cobain's death, Nirvana drummer Dave Grohl formed a band to support his self-titled album, the first effort from the band which would become known as Foo Fighters. Smear joined the group from its inception in late October 1994, but because the band's first album was a collection of demos recorded by Grohl, Smear did not appear on a Foo Fighters album until 1997's The Colour and the Shape. Shortly after the release of The Colour and the Shape, Smear quit the band; as Smear explained, he quit due to exhaustion from the band's relentless touring schedule. Grohl explained that he "begged" Smear to stay, Smear agreed to remain in Foo Fighters temporarily due to scheduled touring obligations and until a replacement guitarist could be recruited.
Grohl invited Franz Stahl, his former bandmate from Scream, to fill the lead guitarist slot. Smear announced his departure during a live performance atop the marquee of Radio City Music Hall, right before that year's MTV Video Music Awards. Smear played partway through the set introduced Stahl who completed the set. During his absence from Foo Fighters, Smear kept a low profile, producing the band Harlow's debut album and making scattered television appearances, he was employed as a creative consultant in a motion picture about the Germs and Darby Crash, entitled What We Do Is Secret, named after one of the band's best-known songs. The film was released at the Los Angeles Film Festival on June 23, 2007, had a limited theatrical release in 2008, it is now available on DVD. In the film, he is depicted by actor Rick Gonzalez. In 2005, he began performing reunion shows with the Germs, with actor Sha