Post-punk is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities and diverse influences. Inspired by punk's energy and DIY ethic but determined to break from rock cliches, artists experimented with sources including electronic music and black styles like dub, free jazz, disco. Communities that produced independent record labels, visual art, multimedia performances and fanzines developed around these pioneering musical scenes, which coalesced in cities such as London, New York, Melbourne and San Francisco; the early post-punk vanguard was represented by groups such as Siouxsie and the Banshees, Public Image Ltd, the Pop Group, Cabaret Voltaire, Pere Ubu, Gang of Four, Joy Division, Talking Heads, Throbbing Gristle, the Slits, the Cure, the Fall, Au Pairs. The movement was related to the development of ancillary genres such as gothic rock, neo-psychedelia, no wave, industrial music.
By the mid-1980s, post-punk had dissipated while providing the impetus for the New Pop movement as well much subsequent alternative and independent music. Post-punk is a diverse genre. Called "new musick", the terms were first used by various writers in the late 1970s to describe groups moving beyond punk's garage rock template and into disparate areas. Sounds writer Jon Savage used "post-punk" in early 1978. NME writer Paul Morley stated that he had "possibly" invented the term himself. At the time, there was a feeling of renewed excitement regarding what the word would entail, with Sounds publishing numerous preemptive editorials on new musick. Towards the end of the decade, some journalists used "art punk" as a pejorative for garage rock-derived acts deemed too sophisticated and out of step with punk's dogma. Before the early 1980s, many groups now categorized as "post-punk" were subsumed under the broad umbrella of "new wave", with the terms being deployed interchangeably. "Post-punk" became differentiated from "new wave".
Nicholas Lezard described the term "post-punk" as "so multifarious that only the broadest use... is possible". Subsequent discourse has failed to clarify whether contemporary music journals and fanzines conventionally understood "post-punk" the way that it was discussed in years. Music historian Clinton Heylin places the "true starting-point for English post-punk" somewhere between August 1977 and May 1978, with the arrival of guitarist John McKay in Siouxsie and the Banshees in July 1977, Magazine's first album, Wire's new musical direction in 1978 and the formation of Public Image Ltd. Simon Reynolds' 2005 book Rip It Up and Start Again is referenced as post-punk doctrine, although he has stated that the book only covers aspects of post-punk that he had a personal inclination toward. Wilkinson characterized Reynolds' readings as "apparent revisionism and'rebranding'". Author/musician Alex Ogg criticized: "The problem is not with what Reynolds left out of Rip It Up... but, that too much was left in".
Ogg suggested that post-punk pertains to a set of artistic sensibilities and approaches rather than any unifying style, disputed the accuracy of the term's chronological prefix "post", as various groups labeled "post-punk" predate the punk rock movement. Reynolds defined the post-punk era as occurring between 1978 and 1984, he advocated that post-punk be conceived as "less a genre of music than a space of possibility", suggesting that "what unites all this activity is a set of open-ended imperatives: innovation. AllMusic employs "post-punk" to denote "a more adventurous and arty form of punk". Many post-punk artists were inspired by punk's DIY ethic and energy, but became disillusioned with the style and movement, feeling that it had fallen into a commercial formula, rock convention, self-parody, they repudiated its populist claims to accessibility and raw simplicity, instead of seeing an opportunity to break with musical tradition, subvert commonplaces and challenge audiences. Artists moved beyond punk's focus on the concerns of a white, working-class population and abandoned its continued reliance on established rock and roll tropes, such as three-chord progressions and Chuck Berry-based guitar riffs.
These artists instead defined punk as "an imperative to constant change", believing that "radical content demands radical form". Though the music varied between regions and artists, the post-punk movement has been characterized by its "conceptual assault" on rock conventions and rejection of aesthetics perceived of as traditionalist, hegemonic or rockist in favor of experimentation with production techniques and non-rock musical styles such as dub, electronic music, noise, free jazz, world music, the avant-garde; some previous musical styles served as touchstones for the movement, including particular brands of krautrock, art rock, art pop and other music from the 1960s. Artists once again approached the studio as an instrument, using new recording methods and pursuing novel sonic territories. Author Matthew Bannister wrote that post-punk artists rejected the high cultural references of 1960s rock artists like the Beatles and Bob Dylan as well as paradigms that defined "rock as progressive, as art, as'sterile' studio perfectionism... by adopting an avant-garde aesth
LCD Soundsystem is an American rock band from Brooklyn, New York, formed in 2002 by musician James Murphy, co-founder of DFA Records. The band's current lineup consists of Murphy, Nancy Whang, Pat Mahoney, Gavin Rayna Russom, Tyler Pope, Al Doyle, Matt Thornley, Korey Richey, they are signed to both DFA and Columbia Records. The band began by recording and releasing multiple singles from 2002 to 2004, the first being "Losing My Edge", one of their signature songs; this led up to the release of their self-titled debut studio album, released in 2005. It garnered critical acclaim as well as a Grammy Award nomination for Best Electronic/Dance Album, their single "Daft Punk Is Playing at My House", which has become the band's most commercially successful single, received a Grammy nomination for Best Dance Recording. In the following year, LCD Soundsystem recorded and released "45:33", an forty-six minute-long composition, made as a "workout track" for Nike as part of their Nike+ Original Run series.
In 2007, the band released their second studio album, Sound of Silver, to critical acclaim and another Grammy nomination for Best Electronic/Dance Album. Three years LCD Soundsystem released their third studio album, This Is Happening, which became their first top-ten album in the United States. In February 2011, a statement was posted on the band's website, it was to be made following a large farewell concert at Madison Square Garden on April 2, 2011. The farewell concert is chronicled in the documentary film Shut Up and Play the Hits and was made available as a live album, titled The Long Goodbye, in April 2014. After a series of rumors hinting at a possible band reunion, LCD Soundsystem released the single "Christmas Will Break Your Heart" in December 2015, making it their first single in five years. LCD Soundsystem confirmed their reunion and announced an expanded tour, including appearances at several high-profile music festivals, as well as a new studio album. American Dream, their fourth album, was released in September 2017.
It went on to become their first number-one album in the United States. The album was nominated for Best Alternative Music Album at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards and the single "Tonite" won for Best Dance Recording. James Murphy founded LCD Soundsystem during 2002 in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, they began by releasing a string of singles under DFA Records, co-founded by Murphy. They gained attention with their first single, "Losing My Edge", which peaked at number 115 in the UK. Described as "an eight-minute, laugh-out-loud funny dissection of cool over a dirty electronic beat"; this was followed by the single "Give It Up", in the following year, "Yeah" and "Movement". The latter two peaked at number 52 in the UK, respectively. LCD Soundsystem released their eponymous debut studio album in January 2005 to critical acclaim. For the CD version, the first disc contains the album and the second contains a compilation of previous singles, they released the single "Daft Punk Is Playing at My House" the following month, which became their first UK top 40 hit, peaking at number 29, as well as their most commercially successful single, charting in Australia and the Netherlands.
The band toured with M. I. A. following the release of the album. In June 2005, the band covered a Siouxsie and the Banshees song, "Slowdive" for the B-side of their single "Disco Infiltrator". In December 2005, the group received nominations for two Grammy awards, one for Best Electronic/Dance Album with their self-titled album and one for Best Dance Recording with "Daft Punk Is Playing at My House." Their self-titled debut was placed at number 94 of Amazon.com's "Top 100 Editor's Picks" of 2005. In October 2006, LCD Soundsystem released a composition entitled "45:33", as part of Nike's Original Run series, it was made available for download from iTunes. Despite its name, the track is 45 minutes and 58 seconds long—the title is a reference to vinyl speeds —and was claimed to "reward and push at good intervals of a run". However, it was revealed that this was not the case, but that Murphy wanted the opportunity to create a long piece of music, akin to E2-E4 by Manuel Göttsching. LCD Soundsystem's second studio album, Sound of Silver, was released on March 20, 2007, to critical acclaim.
Praise included Mixmag awarding it the title Album of the Month, a 9.2 score from Pitchfork and a 5-star review from The Guardian. The album release was preceded by the single "North American Scum", released in February 2007. LCD Soundsystem's subsequent single "All My Friends" included covers of the song by Franz Ferdinand and former Velvet Underground member John Cale; the digital download "All My Friends" EP includes a cover of the early Joy Division song "No Love Lost". In September 2007, the A Bunch of Stuff EP was released and the band went on tour with Arcade Fire. Late in 2007, the band released "Someone Great" as the third single from Sound of Silver and re-released "45:33" on CD and vinyl through DFA Records. In December 2007, there was a release of a 12-inch record containing b-sides from European singles for the North American market entitled Confuse the Marketplace. In December 2007, the band received a Grammy nomination for Best Electronic/Dance Album with Sound of Silver; the album was named the best album of 2007 by publications such as The Guardian and Drowned in Sound.
The album was nominated for the 2007 Shortlist Prize, wh
Catharina "Nina" Hagen is a German singer and actress. She is known for her theatrical vocals and rose to prominence during the punk and new wave movements in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Born in the former East Berlin, German Democratic Republic, Hagen began her career as an actress when she appeared in several German films alongside her mother Eva-Maria Hagen. Around that same time, she joined the band Automobil and released the single "Du hast den Farbfilm vergessen". After her stepfather Wolf Biermann's East German citizenship was withdrawn in 1976, Hagen followed him to Hamburg. Shortly afterwards, she was formed Nina Hagen Band, their self-titled debut album was released in 1978 to critical acclaim and was a commercial success selling over 250,000 copies. The band released one more album Unbehagen before their break-up in 1979. In 1982, Hagen signed a new contract with CBS and released her debut solo album NunSexMonkRock, which became her first record to chart in the United States, she followed it with two more albums: Fearless and Nina Hagen in Ekstasy, before her contract with CBS expired and was not renewed.
In 1989, she was offered a record deal from Mercury Records. She released three albums on the label: Nina Hagen and Revolution Ballroom. However, none of the albums achieved notable commercial success. Hagen made her musical comeback with the release of her album Return of the Mother. Besides her musical career, Hagen is a voice-over actress, she wrote three autobiographies: Ich bin ein Berliner, Nina Hagen: That's Why the Lady Is a Punk, Bekenntnisse. She is noted for her human and animal rights activism. Nina Hagen was born in the former East Berlin, East Germany, the daughter of Hans Hagen, a scriptwriter, Eva-Maria Hagen, an actress and singer, her paternal grandfather died in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Her parents divorced when she was two years old, growing up, she saw her father infrequently. At age four, she began to study ballet, was considered an opera prodigy by the time she was nine; when Hagen was 11, her mother married an anti-establishment singer-songwriter. Biermann's political views influenced young Hagen.
Hagen went to Poland, where she began her career. She returned to Germany and joined the cover band, Fritzens Dampferband, together with Achim Mentzel and others, she added songs by Tina Turner to the "allowable" set lists during shows. From 1972 to 1973, Hagen enrolled in the crash-course performance program at The Central Studio for Light Music in East Berlin. Upon graduating, she joined the band Automobil. In East Germany, she performed with the band Automobil, becoming one of the country's best-known young stars, her most famous song from the early part of her career was "Du hast den Farbfilm vergessen"", a subtle dig mocking the sterile, Communist state," in 1974. Hagen performed comic songs like "Hatschi-Waldera" and "Was denn" in Karel Gott´s Czech TV show in Slaný. and "Wir tanzen Tango" in 1976. Her musical career in the DDR was cut short, when she and her mother left the country in 1976, following the expulsion of her stepfather; the circumstances surrounding the family's emigration were exceptional: Biermann was granted permission to perform a televised concert in Cologne, but denied permission to re-cross the border to his adopted home country.
Hagen submitted an application to leave the country. In it, she claimed to be Biermann's biological daughter, threatened to become the next Wolf Biermann if not allowed to rejoin her father. Just four days her request was granted, she settled in Hamburg, where she was signed to a CBS-affiliated record label, her label advised her to acclimatise herself to Western culture through travel, she arrived in London during the height of the punk rock movement. Hagen was taken up by a circle that included The Slits and Sex Pistols. Back in Germany by mid-1977, Hagen formed the Nina Hagen Band in West Berlin's Kreuzberg district. In 1978 they released their self-titled debut album, Nina Hagen Band, which included the single "TV-Glotzer", "Auf'm Bahnhof Zoo", about West Berlin's then-notorious Berlin Zoologischer Garten station; the album included a version of "Rangehn", a song she had recorded in East Germany, but with different music. The debut album gained significant attention throughout Germany and abroad, both for its hard rock sound and for Hagen's theatrical vocals which drew from her operatic training, far different from the straightforward singing of her East German recordings.
However, relations between Hagen and the other band members deteriorated over the course of the subsequent European tour, Hagen decided to leave the band in 1979, though she was still under contract to produce a second album. This LP, was produced with the band recording their tracks in Berlin and Hagen recording the vocals in Los Angeles, it included the single "African Reggae" and "Wir Leben Immer... Noch", a German language cover of Lene Lovich's "Lucky Number"; the other band members, sans Hagen, soon developed a successful independent musical career as Spliff. Meanwhile, Hagen's public persona was creating media uproar, she became infamous for an appearance on an Austrian evening talk show called Club 2, on 9 August 1979, on the topic of youth culture, when she demonstrated (while clothed
Yeah Yeah Yeahs
Yeah Yeah Yeahs is an American indie rock band formed in New York City in 2000. The group is composed of vocalist and pianist Karen O, guitarist and keyboardist Nick Zinner, drummer Brian Chase, they are complemented in live performances by second guitarist David Pajo, who joined as a touring member in 2009 and replaced Imaad Wasif who had held this role. According to an interview that aired during the ABC network's Live from Central Park SummerStage series, the band's name was taken from modern New York City vernacular; the band has recorded four studio albums. The second, Show Your Bones, was released in 2006 and was named the second best album of the year by NME, their third studio album, It's Blitz!, was released in March 2009. All three albums earned the band Grammy nominations for Best Alternative Music Album, their fourth album, was released in April 2013. Karen O and Brian Chase first met as students at Oberlin College in Ohio in the late 1990s, where Chase was a jazz student at the conservatory.
Karen transferred to New York University, while in New York met Zinner in a local bar, where they formed an "instant connection." During this time they shared a loft with future members of the band Metric. The two formed an acoustic duo called Unitard but soon decided to "shake things up a bit" by forming a "trashy, grimy" band modeled after the art student, avant-punk bands Karen O was exposed to at Oberlin. After the drummer they recruited bowed out, Chase joined the line-up; the band wrote a slew of songs at their first rehearsal and soon wound up supporting The Strokes and The White Stripes, earning a significant buzz for their arty and garage punk scene. In late 2001, the Yeah Yeah Yeahs released their self-titled debut EP, which they recorded with Boss Hog's Jerry Teel, on their own Shifty label. Early the next year the band stepped into the international spotlight, appearing at South by Southwest, touring the U. S. with Girls Against Boys and Europe with Jon Spencer Blues Explosion, headlining their own U.
K. tour. Wichita Recordings distributed the group's EP in the U. K. and Touch and Go reissued it in the States. In 2003, the band released their debut album, Fever to Tell, which received several strong critical reviews and sold more than 750,000 copies worldwide; the album's third single, "Maps," received significant airplay on alternative radio. In 2010, Rolling Stone ranked "Maps" as 386th in their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time; the video for their 2004 single. In October 2004, the band released their first DVD; the DVD included a concert filmed at The Fillmore in San Francisco, all of the band's music videos to date, various interviews. The same year, the band was featured in Scott Crary's documentary Kill Your Idols. In November 2009, NME rated Fever to Tell the No. 5 Best Album of the Decade. Their second album, Show Your Bones, was released on March 27–28, 2006. Karen O told online zine Drowned in Sound, "Show Your Bones is what happens when you put your finger in a light socket," crediting "9-year old antigenius wonder-kid Drake Barrett for the insight."
The first single from the album, "Gold Lion", was released on March 20, 2006, reaching number 18 in the Official UK Singles Chart. It has been noted by Leah Greenblatt that "Gold Lion" sounds startlingly similar to "No New Tale To Tell" from 1980s alternative band Love and Rockets; the band toured throughout Europe and the United States during much of 2006, helped to curate an edition of the British All Tomorrow's Parties festival. In December 2006, the album was named the second best album of the year by NME magazine, "Cheated Hearts" was voted the 10th best song. Rolling Stone magazine named it the 44th best album of 2006, while Spin magazine ranked it number 31 on their 40 best albums of 2006. Yeah Yeah Yeahs' third EP, titled Is Is, was released on July 24, 2007, it includes 5 unreleased songs and a short film, recorded and filmed at the Glasslands Gallery in Brooklyn, NY. The songs were written in 2004, during the Fever To Tell tour, performed live often. Three of the five tracks were featured on the Tell Me What Rockers to Swallow DVD.
The band's next album was released in March 2009 and titled It's Blitz!. The band says the album sounds different from their previous ones but "still like Yeah Yeah Yeahs." It was set to be released April 13, but following the leak to the Internet on February 22 the band's label, pulled the release date closer to reduce the leak's impact. The album spawned three singles: "Zero", "Heads Will Roll," and "Skeletons." It's Blitz! was named the second best of 2009 by Spin Magazine and third best of 2009 by NME along with "Zero" from the album listed as the best track of the year by both. On December 9, 2011, Karen O reported to NME that she had been working on new music with the band, hinting a new album was in the making. On January 14, 2013, it was announced via their official Facebook page that the new album would be titled Mosquito, it was released on April 16 of the same year. The album features production by TV on the Radio's Dave Sitek, Nick Launay, LCD Soundsystem's James Murphy; the first single "Sacrilege" was released on February 25, 2013.
"Despair" was released as the second single on July 23, 2013. As of December 2014, the Yeah Yeah Yeahs were on hiatus. In 2016 the band received writing credits on the Beyoncé single "Hold Up". On June 20th, 2017 the Yeah Yeah Yeahs announced that they would be headlining the Austin "Sound on Sound" festival on November 10th adding: "Watch for more news coming soon" The Sound on Sound festival was subsequently cancelled. On May 26, 2018 the Yeah Yeah Yeahs play
A drum kit — called a drum set, trap set, or drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum. A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones – most cymbals, but can include the woodblock and cowbell. In the 2000s, some kits include electronic instruments. Both hybrid and electronic kits are used. A standard modern kit, as used in popular music and taught in music schools, contains: A snare drum, mounted on a stand, placed between the player's knees and played with drum sticks A bass drum, played by a pedal operated by the right foot, which moves a felt-covered beater One or more toms, played with sticks or brushes A hi-hat, played with the sticks and closed with left foot pedal One or more cymbals, mounted on stands, played with the sticksAll of these are classified as non-pitched percussion, allowing the music to be scored using percussion notation, for which a loose semi-standardized form exists for both the drum kit and electronic drums.
The drum kit is played while seated on a stool known as a throne. While many instruments like the guitar or piano are capable of performing melodies and chords, most drum kits are unable to achieve this as they produce sounds of indeterminate pitch; the drum kit is a part of the standard rhythm section, used in many types of popular and traditional music styles, ranging from rock and pop to blues and jazz. Other standard instruments used in the rhythm section include the piano, electric guitar, electric bass, keyboards. Many drummers extend their kits from this basic configuration, adding more drums, more cymbals, many other instruments including pitched percussion. In some styles of music, particular extensions are normal. For example, some rock and heavy metal drummers make use of double bass drums, which can be achieved with either a second bass drum or a remote double foot pedal; some progressive drummers may include orchestral percussion such as gongs and tubular bells in their rig. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, play small kits that omit elements from the basic setup.
Before the development of the drum set and cymbals used in military and orchestral music settings were played separately by different percussionists. In the 1840s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to enable them to play more than one instrument, but these devices would not be mass-produced for another 75 years. By the 1860s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set; the bass drum, snare drum and other percussion instruments were all struck with hand-held drum sticks. Drummers in musical theater shows and stage shows, where the budget for pit orchestras was limited, contributed to the creation of the drum set by developing techniques and devices that would enable them to cover the roles of multiple percussionists. Double-drumming was developed to enable one person to play the bass and snare with sticks, while the cymbals could be played by tapping the foot on a "low-boy". With this approach, the bass drum was played on beats one and three. While the music was first designed to accompany marching soldiers, this simple and straightforward drumming approach led to the birth of ragtime music when the simplistic marching beats became more syncopated.
This resulted in dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a "trap set", from the late 1800s to the 1930s, drummers were referred to as "trap drummers". By the 1870s, drummers were using an "overhang pedal". Most drummers in the 1870s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal. Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans 1904–05. Liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist; the bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would revolve. William F. Ludwig, Sr. and his brother, Theobald Ludwig, founded the Ludwig & Ludwig Co. in 1909 and patented the first commercially successful bass drum pedal system, paving the way for the modern drum kit. Wire brushes for use with drums and cymbals were introduced in 1912; the need for brushes arose due to the problem of the drum sound overshadowing the other instruments on stage.
Drummers began using metal fly swatters to reduce the volume on stage next to the other acoustic instruments. Drummers could still play the rudimentary snare figures and grooves with brushes that they would play with drumsticks. By World War I, drum kits were marching band-style military bass drums with many percussion items suspended on and around them. Drum kits became a central part of jazz Dixieland; the modern drum kit was developed in the vaudeville era during the 1920s in New Orleans. In 1917, a New Orleans band called "The Original Dixieland Jazz Band " recorded jazz tunes that became hits all o
Bloc Party are an English rock band, composed of Kele Okereke, Russell Lissack, Justin Harris and Louise Bartle. Former members Matt Tong and Gordon Moakes left the band in 2015 respectively, their brand of music, whilst rooted in rock, retains elements of other genres such as electronica and house music. The band was formed at the 1999 Reading Festival by Lissack, they went through a variety of names before settling on Bloc Party in 2003. Moakes joined the band after answering an advert in NME magazine, while Tong was picked via an audition. Bloc Party got their break by giving BBC Radio 1 DJ Steve Lamacq and Franz Ferdinand's lead singer, Alex Kapranos, a copy of their demo "She's Hearing Voices". In February 2005, the band released their debut album Silent Alarm, it was critically acclaimed and was named Indie Album of the Year at the 2006 PLUG Awards and NME Album of the year which both honour indie music. That year, the record was certified platinum in Britain; the band built on this success in 2007 with the release of their second studio album, A Weekend in the City, which reached a peak of number two in the UK Albums Chart and number twelve in the Billboard 200.
In August 2008, Bloc Party released their third studio record, Intimacy which entered the UK Albums Chart at number eight and number eighteen on the Billboard 200. The band went on a hiatus in October 2009 to focus on side projects, they reunited in September 2011, shortly thereafter released their fourth album, which entered the UK Albums Chart at number three. In 2013, Bloc Party released; the band's fifth studio album, the first to involve Harris and Bartle, was released on 29 January 2016. Bloc Party have sold over 3 million albums worldwide. Russell Lissack and Kele Okereke first met in 1998 in London. Lissack had attended Bancroft's School, while Okereke attended Ilford County High School Trinity Catholic High School, Woodford Green for sixth form, they decided to form a band. Bassist Gordon Moakes joined after answering an advert in NME, drummer Matt Tong joined after an audition. After going through a variety of names, such as Union, The Angel Range, Diet, the band settled on Bloc Party in September 2003, a play on block party.
The band has said that the name was not intended to be an allusion to the Soviet Bloc or the Canadian political party Bloc Québécois. However, Moakes said on the group's official Internet forum that it was more a merging of the eastern "Blocs" and the western "parties", in the political sense, he notes that the name was not explicitly driven by politics, but rather it "looked, seemed fine so we went with it." In November 2003, Bloc Party had their track "The Marshals Are Dead" featured on a compilation CD called The New Cross released by Angular Recording Corporation. They released their debut single "She's Hearing Voices" on the fledgling record label Trash Aesthetics. In 2003 Bloc Party mailed Steve Aoki a 7-inch of the track “She’s Hearing Voices” and signed to Dim Mak shortly thereafter. Dim Mak teamed up with VICE, a subsidiary of Atlantic Records, entered a major label deal for the first time. Dim Mak and Atlantic released Bloc Party’s critically acclaimed and commercially successful Silent Alarm in 2005.
The band got their break after Okereke went to a Franz Ferdinand concert in 2003, gave a copy of "She's Hearing Voices" to both lead singer Alex Kapranos and BBC Radio 1 DJ Steve Lamacq. Lamacq subsequently played the song on his radio show, labelling the track "genius", invited them to record a live session for the show; the buzz generated off the back of the single led to another release, "Banquet/Staying Fat", this time through Moshi Moshi Records, to the eventual signing with independent label Wichita Recordings in April 2004. Bloc Party's debut album, Silent Alarm, was released in February 2005 and was met with universal critical acclaim, it was voted'Album of the Year' for 2005 by NME, reached number 3 on the UK Albums Chart before being certified platinum. The first single from the album, "So Here We Are/Positive Tension", made the top 5 on the UK Top 40 chart. Further singles "Banquet", "Helicopter", "Pioneers", whilst failing to repeat this success, still managed to reach the UK top 20.
The animated video for "Pioneers," made by the Shoreditch-based Minivegas design agency, was top of the NME video charts for four weeks. NME tagged them as "art-rock" at that time but the band felt it was too limited; the band received positive reviews from critics in the United States and they toured there in the 18 months that followed the release of Silent Alarm. In early 2006, they finished their tour with sold out shows in Los Angeles and Berkeley; the album over a million worldwide. After this success, the established electronic group, The Chemical Brothers, soon collaborated with Okereke for "Believe", a track on their Push the Button album. An album of remixes of tracks from Silent Alarm had been released at the end of August 2005 in the UK; this remix album, entitled Silent Alarm Remixed, retained the album's original track list and includes remixes from the likes of Ladytron, M83, Death from Above 1979, Four Tet, Mogwai. During July 2005, Bloc Party recorded two new tracks with Silent Alarm producer Paul Epworth.
The songs were released as a single with a B-side, titled "
Funk metal is a fusion genre of funk rock and alternative metal which infuses heavy metal music with elements of funk and punk rock. It was prevalent in the mainstream during the late 1980s and early 1990s, as part of the alternative metal movement; the genre has been described as a "brief but media-hyped stylistic fad". According to AllMusic, funk metal "takes the loud guitars and riffs of heavy metal and melds them to the popping bass lines and syncopated rhythms of funk", they go on to state "funk metal evolved in the mid-'80s when alternative bands like the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Fishbone began playing the hybrid with a stronger funk underpinning than metal. The bands that followed relied more on metal than funk, though they retained the wild bass lines." In spite of the genre's name, the website categorises it as a style of alternative rock rather than heavy metal music. The self-titled 1984 debut album from the Los Angeles-based Red Hot Chili Peppers has been cited as the first funk metal or punk-funk release.
Faith No More, another Californian group who gained popularity in the mid-1980s, have been described as a funk metal band that dabbled in rap-metal. Rage Against the Machine's mix of funk and metal not only included rap, but elements of hardcore. Certain bands not from a punk/alternative background, such as glam metal groups Bang Tango and Extreme, have frequently incorporated funk into their musical style. Bands such as Primus and Mordred emerged from the thrash metal underground. Primus, a band that crosses many genres, has been described as funk metal, though bandleader/bassist Les Claypool dislikes the categorization. Claypool has stated "We've been lumped in with the funk metal thing just about everywhere. I guess people just have to categorise you". Living Colour have been cited by Rolling Stone as "black funk metal pioneers." Entertainment Weekly noted in a May 1991 article that "Despite the rise of black rockers like Living Colour, the American funk-metal scene is predominantly white."The funk metal sound was most prevalent in the West Coast of the United States in the state of California, although it managed to gain some international recognition through foreign acts such as British group Scat Opera and Super Junky Monkey, an all-female funk metal/avant-garde band from Japan.
The success of Faith No More's early 1990 single "Epic" helped heighten interest in the genre. It had reached a commercial peak by late 1991, with funk metal albums such as Blood Sugar Sex Magik, Sailing the Seas of Cheese and Mr. Bungle's self-titled debut attaining critical acclaim from the mainstream music press. Mark Jenkins of The Washington Post claimed in a 1991 article that "much of it sounds like art rock". By the latter part of the 90s, the genre was represented by a smaller group of bands, including Incubus, Sugar Ray, Jimmie's Chicken Shack and 311. Bands from other genres such as nu metal and punk incorporated elements of funk metal into their sound during the late 90s and early 2000s. Popular 80s and early 90s acts such as Faith No More, Mr. Bungle and Red Hot Chili Peppers had abandoned the sound in favor of other styles by this point. AllMusic suggests the genre was "played-out by the end of the decade". During 2001, Alien Ant Farm released a hugely successful funk metal cover of Michael Jackson's "Smooth Criminal", an electro funk song.
Bands from the 2000s and 2010s described as funk metal include Psychostick, Twelve Foot Ninja and Prophets of Rage. In 2016, Vice Magazine referred to funk metal as "a mostly-forgotten and occasionally-maligned genre". Mr. Bungle guitarist Trey Spruance mentioned his fondness for the genre in a 2007 interview; when asked if he thought it would make a comeback, he stated "Fuckin' revisionists won't think its cool enough... they'll go straight for the flannels and heroin." Chick, Stevie. Dimery, Robert, ed. 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Quintet Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5