The Danelaw, as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons. Danelaw contrasts with Mercian law; the term is first recorded in the early 11th century as Dena lage. Modern historians have extended the term to a geographical designation; the areas that constituted the Danelaw lie in eastern England. The Danelaw originated from the Viking expansion of the 9th century, although the term was not used to describe a geographic area until the 11th century. With the increase in population and productivity in Scandinavia, Viking warriors, having sought treasure and glory in the nearby British Isles, "proceeded to plough and support themselves", in the words of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the year 876. Danelaw can describe the set of legal terms and definitions created in the treaties between the King of Wessex, Alfred the Great, the Danish warlord, written following Guthrum's defeat at the Battle of Edington in 878.
In 886, the Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum was formalised, defining the boundaries of their kingdoms, with provisions for peaceful relations between the English and the Vikings. The language spoken in England was affected by this clash of cultures with the emergence of Anglo-Norse dialects; the Danelaw comprised 15 shires: Leicester, Nottingham, Lincoln, Cambridge, Norfolk, Huntingdon, Hertford and Buckingham. From around 800, there had been waves of Danish raids on the coastlines of the British Isles. In 865, instead of raiding, the Danes landed a large army in East Anglia, with the intention of conquering the four Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England; the armies of various Danish leaders had come together to provide one combined force under a leadership that included Halfdan Ragnarsson and Ivar the Boneless, the sons of the legendary Viking leader Ragnar Lodbrok. The combined army was described in the annals as the Great Heathen Army. After making peace with the local East Anglian king in return for horses, the Great Heathen Army moved north.
In 867, they captured Northumbria and its capital, defeating both the deposed King Osberht of Northumbria and the usurper Ælla of Northumbria. The Danes placed an Englishman, Ecgberht I of Northumbria, on the throne of Northumbria as a puppet ruler. King Æthelred of Wessex and his brother, led their army against the Danes at Nottingham, but the Danes refused to leave their fortifications. King Burgred of Mercia negotiated peace with Ivar, with the Danes keeping Nottingham in exchange for leaving the rest of Mercia alone. Under Ivar the Boneless, the Danes continued their invasion in 869 by defeating King Edmund of East Anglia at Hoxne and conquering East Anglia. Once again, the brothers Æthelred and Alfred attempted to stop Ivar by attacking the Danes at Reading, they were repelled with heavy losses. The Danes pursued, on 7 January 871, Æthelred and Alfred defeated the Danes at the Battle of Ashdown; the Danes retreated to Basing, where Æthelred was, in turn, defeated. Ivar was able to follow up this victory with another in March at Meretum.
On 23 April 871, King Æthelred died and Alfred succeeded him as King of Wessex. His army was weak and he was forced to pay tribute to Ivar in order to make peace with the Danes. During this peace, the Danes turned to the north and attacked Mercia, a campaign that lasted until 874. Both the Danish leader Ivar and the Mercian leader Burgred died during this campaign. Ivar was succeeded by Guthrum. In ten years, the Danes had gained control over East Anglia and Mercia, leaving just Wessex resisting. Guthrum and the Danes brokered peace with Wessex in 876, when they captured the fortresses of Wareham and Exeter. Alfred laid siege to the Danes, who were forced to surrender after reinforcements were lost in a storm. Two years Guthrum again attacked Alfred, surprising him by attacking his forces wintering in Chippenham. King Alfred was saved when the Danish army coming from his rear was destroyed by inferior forces at the Battle of Cynuit; the modern location of Cynuit is disputed but suggestions include Countisbury Hill, near Lynmouth, Devon, or Kenwith Castle, Devon, or Cannington, near Bridgwater, Somerset.
Alfred was forced into hiding for a time, before returning in the spring of 878 to gather an army and attack Guthrum at Edington. The Danes were defeated and retreated to Chippenham, where King Alfred laid siege and soon forced them to surrender; as a term of surrender, King Alfred demanded. Edward the Elder and his sister, Æthelflæd, the Lady of the Mercians, conquered Danish territories in the Midlands and East Anglia in a series of campaigns in the 910s, some Danish jarls who submitted were allowed to keep their lands. Viking rule ended when Eric Bloodaxe was driven out of Northumbria in 954; the reasons for the waves of immigration were complex and bound to the political situation in Scandinavia at that time. The Danes did not give up their designs on England. From 1016 to 1035, Cnut the Great ruled over a unified English kingdom, itself the product of a resurgent Wessex, as part of his North Sea Empire, together with Denmark and part of Sweden. Cnut was succeeded in England on his death by his son Harold Harefoot
Peter Kahara Munga is a businessman and entrepreneur in Kenya, the largest economy in the East African Community. He is the immediate past group chair of the Equity Bank Group, the largest bank holding company on the African continent, by customer numbers, with over 9.2 million customers as of 31 June 2014. He is reported to be one of the wealthiest individuals in Kenya, with a personal net worth exceeding US$100 million as of February 2014. Munga was born in Kangema in Kenya's Central Province in 1943, he went to Gaichanjiru high school. He received an honorary Doctor of Philosophy degree from University of Nairobi. In 1984, Munga founded Equity Building Society in his hometown of Kangema, in Kenya's central highlands. With about KSh5,000 as starting capital, he convinced the Kenya government to issue him a license. In 1993, Munga, as chairman, working in collaboration with the chief executive officer of EBS, hired James Mwangi, age 31, to wind up the insolvent organisation. EBS had accumulated total losses of KSh33 million.
Mwangi, as director of finance at EBS, began to institute changes, resulting in the slow, but steady turn-around of the society. In 1993, Munga resigned as an assistant secretary in Kenya's Ministry of Water. On 31 August 2004, EBS became Equity Bank and two years was listed on the Nairobi Stock Exchange. On 18 June 2009, the bank's stock cross listed on the Uganda Securities Exchange and started trading that day, under the symbol EBL; as of November 2014, the bank group has subsidiaries in Kenya, Tanzania and South Sudan. Munga owned shares of stock in the publicly traded companies listed below, as of November 2014. Shares traded on the NSE. List of African millionaires List of wealthiest people in Kenya Webpage of Equity Bank Group Webpage of British-American Investments Company Equity Bank Founder Follows Money In Industrial Ventures
The 2018–19 Atlantic 10 Conference men's basketball season was the 43rd season of Atlantic 10 Conference basketball. The season began with practices in October 2018, followed by the start of the 2018–19 NCAA Division I men's basketball season in November. League play ended in March; the 2019 Atlantic 10 Tournament was held from March 13–17, 2019 at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, New York. Rhode Island was the defending regular season champion, while Davidson was the defending Tournament champions. On March 22, 2018, Rhode Island announced that head coach Dan Hurley had accepted the head coaching job at Connecticut. On April 4, assistant coach David Cox was promoted to head coach. On March 23, 2018, La Salle head coach John Giannini and the school mutually agreed to part ways after 14 seasons. Giannini left with a 212–226 record at La Salle. On April 8, the school hired Villanova assistant Ashley Howard as head coach. Notes: All records, titles, etc. are from time with current school only. Overall and A-10 records are from time at current school through the end of the 2017–18 season.
This table summarizes the head-to-head results between teams in conference play. Each team will play 18 conference games: one game vs. eight opponents and two games against five opponents. Prior to the season at the conference's annual media day, awards and a poll were chosen by a panel of the league's head coaches and select media members. Two teams from the Atlantic 10 qualified for the NCAA Tournament. Tournament champions Saint Louis qualified through the conference's automatic bid, regular season champions, VCU, qualified through an at-large bid, it was the 14th straight season. Two teams from the Atlantic 10 earned at-large bids into the NIT