The Liquidator (1965 film)
The Liquidator is a 1965 British thriller film starring Rod Taylor as Brian "Boysie" Oakes, Trevor Howard, Jill St. John, it was based on the first of a series of Boysie Oakes novels by The Liquidator. The film follows the 1964 novel closely. Due to a legal dispute, the film's original November 1965 release was delayed to the end of 1966, by which time the spy film craze was waning. In 1944 during World War II, tank corps Sergeant "Boysie" Oakes stumbles and unwittingly shoots and kills two men attempting to assassinate British Intelligence Major Mostyn in Paris. Mostyn mistakenly believes. Twenty years Mostyn and his boss are in trouble due to a series of embarrassing security disasters. To save his job, the chief orders Mostyn to hire an assassin to illegally eliminate security leaks without official authorisation. Mostyn recruits Boysie into the Secret Service without first telling him what his employment will entail, luring him in with a lavish apartment and a fancy car. After Boysie passes a training course, Mostyn informs him that his code name is "L", that it stands for liquidator.
Unable to resign and not a killer himself, Boysie secretly hires a freelance professional assassin to do the dirty work. Things go well until Oakes persuades Mostyn's secretary Iris to spend the weekend with him on the Côte d'Azur, though Mostyn has warned him that any contact between spies and civilian employees is a serious criminal offence. Boysie is captured by enemy agents led by Sheriek, who believes he is on assignment and wants to know who the target is. However, Sheriek's superior, Chekhov, is coldly furious that he has gone beyond his orders to watch Boysie, thus endangering a much more important operation, he has Sheriek arrange for Boysie to escape. Quadrant arrives with a new mission for Boysie, he is to stage a fake assassination attempt on the Duke of Edinburgh when he visits a Royal Air Force base to test the security. Boysie has been duped: Quadrant is an enemy agent, the bullets in his sniper rifle are real. Mostyn shows up in the duke's place and is able to locate Boysie, but while they are distracted, Quadrant and a pilot steal the real target: the Vulture, an advanced new aircraft which the duke was to inspect.
Boysie manages to board the plane as it is taking off. To his surprise, the pilot is none other than Iris, who informs him that she is the coordinator of the operation, he is able to overpower her and, with radio help, return the aircraft to the base. Producer Jon Pennington brought Australian screenwriter Peter Yeldham to the project after both had cooperated on The Comedy Man. Yeldham recalled that Pennington acquired the novel, read it on an airplane and set the film into production in four or five months. Like the Jason Love Where the Spies Are filmed in MGM-British Studios, MGM planned a Boysie Oakes film series. Producer Sydney Box spoke to Yeldham and wished him to write two more scripts in the projected series. Richard Harris was approached for the role but after negotiations chose to do The Heroes of Telemark instead. Taylor insisted on playing the role with an American accent because he was more comfortable with it by that stage in his career; the film opens with animated titles by the Richard Williams studio.
Like Where the Spies Are, was filmed in MGM-British Studios. Cardiff recalled that the censors made them delete one of Taylor's lines: "it smells like a Turkish wrestler's jockstrap". Release of the film was held up a number of months due to a legal conflict between producer Leslie Elliot and MGM. Jack Cariff thought this hurt the final box office result of the film, disappointing; the original score was composed by Lalo Schifrin and includes a driving main title vocal theme and a soft end title theme, both sung by Shirley Bassey. Other than the "Goldfinger"-type title song, Lalo Schifrin deliberately avoided the John Barry James Bond style of music; the Liquidator was released to DVD by Warner Home Video on 6 September 2012 via the Warner Archive DVD-on-demand service. The Liquidator on IMDb The Liquidator at the TCM Movie Database The Liquidator at AllMovie
What's New Pussycat?
What's New Pussycat? is a 1965 French-American comedy film directed by Clive Donner, written by Woody Allen in his first produced screenplay, stars Allen, Peter Sellers, Peter O'Toole, Romy Schneider, Paula Prentiss, Ursula Andress. The Academy Award-nominated title song by Burt Bacharach and Hal David was sung by Tom Jones; the movie poster was painted by Frank Frazetta, the animated title sequence was directed by Richard Williams. Notorious womanizer Michael James wants to be faithful to his fiancée Carole Werner, but every woman he meets seems to fall in love with him, including neurotic exotic dancer Liz Bien and parachutist Rita who accidentally lands in his car, his psychoanalyst, Dr. Fritz Fassbender, cannot help, since he is stalking patient Renée Lefebvre, who in turn longs for Michael. Carole, decides to make Michael jealous by flirting with his nervous wreck of a friend, Victor Shakapopulis. A catastrophe appears on the horizon when all the characters check into a quaint hideaway hotel in the French countryside for the weekend, unaware of each other's presence.
Michael tries to fend off Renée's advances by steering Fassbender her way, but Fassbender's wife Anna is determined to keep him to herself. By the time Michael is able to meet Carole's parents and agree to settle down, he and Fassbender both catch the eye of yet another young woman, creating the distinct possibility of the whole thing happening all over again. Richard Burton has a cameo appearance as a man at the bar in a strip club. Warren Beatty wanted to make a comedy film about male sex addiction and hoped Charles Feldman would produce it; the title What's New Pussycat? was taken from Beatty's phone salutation when speaking to his female friends. Beatty desired a role for his girlfriend, the actress Leslie Caron, but Feldman wanted a different actress. Beatty and Feldman sought a joke writer and, after seeing him perform in a New York club, Feldman offered Woody Allen $30,000. Allen accepted provided he could appear in the film; as Allen worked on the script, his first screenplay, Beatty noticed that Allen's role was continually growing at the expense of his own.
Beatty threatened to quit the production to stop this erosion, but the actor's status in Hollywood at that time had declined so that Feldman decided to let him leave and gave the part to Peter O'Toole. Beatty said "I diva'ed my way out of the movie. I walked off of What's New, Pussycat? Thinking they couldn't do it without me. I was wrong". According to Beatty, a new screenwriter was brought in and Allen's role was pared back to a minor character. Groucho Marx was to have played Dr. Fassbender, but at O'Toole's insistence he was replaced by Peter Sellers. O'Toole and director Clive Donner all made changes to the script, straining their relationship with Allen. Tension was generated by Sellers' demanding top billing, but O'Toole described the atmosphere as stimulating. Second unit director Richard Talmadge is credited with creating the karting sequence; the film was shot in and around Paris between October 1964 and January 1965 and released in New York on 22 June 1965. It opened in Paris in January 1966 as Quoi de neuf, Pussycat?
The total box office take was $18,820,000. In addition to the title theme, songs featured were "Here I Am" by Dionne Warwick and "My Little Red Book" performed by Manfred Mann; the film received mixed reviews. Bosley Crowther in The New York Times gave the film a negative review, he criticised the script, the directing and the acting and described the film as "the most outrageously cluttered and campy and neurotic display of what is evidently intended as way-out slapstick". He praised the title song. On the other hand, Andrew Sarris in The Village Voice wrote: "I have now seen What's New Pussycat? four times, each time I find new nuances in the direction, the writing, the playing, above all, the music. This is one movie, not what it seems at first glance, it has been attacked for tastelessness, yet I have never seen a more tasteful sex comedy." In 1965, Burt Bacharach and Hal David were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song for the title song. Woody Allen was nominated for a WGA Award for "Best Written Screen Comedy" in 1966.
What's New Pussycat? was released to DVD by MGM Home Video on June 7, 2005, as a Region 1 widescreen DVD, on May 22, 2007, as part of The Peter Sellers Collection and to Blu-ray by Kino Lorber on August 26, 2014, as a Region 1 widescreen Blu-ray. What's New Pussycat? on IMDb What's New Pussycat? at Rotten Tomatoes What's New Pussycat? at the TCM Movie Database
Alejandro Jodorowsky Prullansky is a Chilean-French filmmaker. Since 1948, Jodorowsky has worked as a novelist, a storyteller, a poet, a playwright, an essayist, a film director and producer, an actor in cinematic and theatre productions, a theatre director, a screenwriter, a film editor, a comics writer, a musician and composer, a philosopher, a puppeteer, a mime, a psychologist and psychoanalyst, a draughtsman, a painter, a sculptor and a spiritual guru. Best known for his avant-garde films, he has been "venerated by cult cinema enthusiasts" for his work which "is filled with violently surreal images and a hybrid blend of mysticism and religious provocation". Born to Jewish-Ukrainian parents in Chile, Jodorowsky experienced an unhappy and alienated childhood, so immersed himself in reading and writing poetry. Dropping out of college, he became involved in theater and in particular mime, working as a clown before founding his own theater troupe, the Teatro Mimico, in 1947. Moving to Paris in the early 1950s, Jodorowsky studied mime under Étienne Decroux before turning to cinema, directing the short film Les têtes interverties in 1957.
From 1960 he divided his time between Paris and Mexico City, in the former becoming a founding member of the anarchistic avant-garde Panic Movement of performance artists. In 1966 he created his first comic strip, Anibal 5, while in 1967 he directed his first feature film, the surrealist Fando y Lis, which caused a huge scandal in Mexico being banned, his next film, the acid western El Topo, became a hit on the midnight movie circuit in the United States, considered as the first-ever midnight cult film, garnered high praise from John Lennon, who convinced former Beatles manager Allen Klein to provide Jodorowsky with $1 million to finance his next film. The result was a surrealist exploration of western esotericism. Disagreements with Klein, led to both The Holy Mountain and El Topo failing to gain widespread distribution, although both became classics on the underground film circuit. After an aborted attempt at filming Frank Herbert's 1965 science fiction novel Dune, Jodorowsky produced five more films: the family film Tusk.
During the same period, he wrote a series of science fiction comic books, most notably The Incal, described as having a claim to be "the best comic book" written, The Technopriests and Metabarons. He has written books and lectures on his own spiritual system, which he calls "psychomagic" and "psychoshamanism" and which borrows from his interests in alchemy, the tarot, Zen Buddhism and shamanism, his son Cristóbal has followed his teachings on psychoshamanism. Jodorowsky was born in 1929 in the coastal town of Tocopilla, Chile, to parents who were Jewish immigrants from Yekaterinoslav and other cities of the Russian Empire, his father, Jaime Jodorowsky Groismann, was a merchant, abusive to his wife Sara Felicidad Prullansky Arcavi, at one time accused her of flirting with a customer. Angered, he subsequently beat and raped her, getting her pregnant, which led to the birth of Alejandro; because of this brutal conception, Sara both hated her husband and disliked her son, telling him that "I cannot love you" and showing him tenderness.
Alejandro had an elder sister, Raquel Jodorowsky, but disliked her, for he believed that she was selfish, doing "everything to expel me from the family so that she could be the centre of attention." Alongside his dislike for his family, he held contempt for many of the local people, who viewed him as an outsider because of his status as the son of immigrants, for the American mining industrialists who worked locally and treated the Chilean people badly. It was this treatment at the hands of Americans that led to his condemnation of American imperialism and neo-colonialism in Latin America in several of his films. Nonetheless he liked his local area, was unhappy when he was forced to leave it aged nine years old, something for which he blamed his father, his family subsequently moved to the city of Chile. He immersed himself in reading, began writing poetry, having his first poem published when he was sixteen years old, alongside associating with such Chilean poets as Nicanor Parra, Stella Díaz Varín and Enrique Lihn.
Becoming interested in the political ideology of anarchism, he began attending college, studying psychology and philosophy, but stayed for only two years. After dropping out, having an interest in theatre and mime, he took up employment as a clown in a circus and began a career as a theatre director. Meanwhile, in 1947 he founded his own theatrical troupe, the Teatro Mimico, which by 1952 had fifty members, the following year he wrote his first play, El Minotaura. Nonetheless, Jodorowsky felt that there was little for him left in Chile, so that year he moved to Paris, France, it was while in Paris that Jodorowsky began studying mime with Étienne Decroux and joined the troupe of one of Decroux's students, Marcel Marceau. It was with Marceau's troupe that he went on a world tour, wrote several routines for the group, including "The Cage" and "The Mask Maker". After this, he returned to theatre directing, working on the music hall comeback of Maurice Chevalier in Paris. In 1957, Jodorowsky turned his hand to filmmaking, creating Les têt
San Felipe, Chile
San Felipe is a commune and the capital city of the San Felipe de Aconcagua Province in central Chile's Valparaíso Region. It is located 88 km north of the national capital of Santiago; the commune spans an area of 185.9 km2. According to data from the 2002 Census of Population and Housing, the San Felipe commune had 64,126 inhabitants. At that time, there were 33,090 women; the demonym for a man from San Felipe is sanfelipeña for a woman. As a commune, San Felipe is a third-level administrative division of Chile, administered by a communal council, headed by a directly elected alcalde; the current alcalde is Patricio Freire Canto. The communal council has the following members: Eugenio Cornejo Correa Leonel Alegría Ibáñez Juan Manuel Millanao Calvin Dante Rodríguez Vásquez Ricardo Covarrubias Covarrubias Mario Sotolicchio Urquiza Within the electoral divisions of Chile, San Felipe is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mr. Marco Antonio Núñez and Mr. Gaspar Rivas as part of the 11th electoral district.
The commune is represented in the Senate by Ignacio Walker Prieto and Lily Pérez San Martín as part of the 5th senatorial constituency. Universidad de Playa Ancha de Ciencias de la Educación Universidad de Valparaiso Universidad de Viña del Mar Universidad de Aconcagua Municipality of San Felipe
Chileans are people identified with the country of Chile, whose connection may be residential, historical, or cultural. For most Chileans, several or all of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their Chilean identity. Chile is a multilingual and multicultural society, home to people of many different ethnicities and religions. Therefore, many Chileans do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance to Chile; the overwhelming majority of Chileans are the product of varying degrees of admixture between European ethnic groups with Amerindian peoples indigenous to Chile’s modern territory. Although the historic mestizaje of Europeans and Amerindians is evident across all social strata in the Chilean population, there is a strong correlation between the ratio of a Chilean's European and Amerindian genetic components and his or her socioeconomic situation. There is a marked continuum existing between the lower classes of a high component of Amerindian ancestry and the upper classes of a predominant component of European ancestry.
Indigenous inheritance, whether cultural or genetic, is most pronounced in rural areas and in aspects of culture such as Chilean cuisine and Chilean Spanish. Although post-independence immigrants never made up more than 2% of the population, there are now hundreds of thousands of Chileans with German, French, Italian or Palestinian ancestry, though these have been miscegenated with other groups within the country. Though the majority of Chileans reside in Chile, significant communities have been established in multiple countries, most noticeably Argentina, United States and Canada and countries of the European Union. Although small in number, Chilean people make up a substantial part of the permanent population of Antarctica and the Falkland Islands; as in other Latin American countries, in Chile, from the onset of Spanish colonization and settlement, miscegenation or mestizaje was the norm rather than the exception. Today and racial self-identities are fluid and can differ between persons of the same family, including siblings of the same parentage.
It is dictated not only by strict physical appearance, nor more loosely by ancestry, but by cultural patterns, social class and access, prevailing biases of the era. These factors, lend to the varying ethnic structure figures from one source to the next. Additionally, those various figures refer to different if overlapping, concepts: including racial vs ethnic categories, self-identity vs genetic findings, as well as culturally assigned categories; these concepts should not be confused, the figures represented in one source might not be corresponding to figures of concepts from another source. Thus, for instance, UNAM professor of Latin American studies, Francisco Lizcano, in his social research estimates that a predominant 52.7% of the Chilean population can be classified as culturally European, with an estimated 44% as Mestizo. Other social studies put the total amount of Whites at over 60 percent; some publications, such as the CIA World Factbook, state that the entire population consist of a combined 95.4% of "Whites and White-Amerindians", 4.6% of Amerindians.
These figures are based on a national census held in 2002, which classified the population as indigenous and non-indigenous, rather than as White or Mestizo. General genetic ancestries67.9% European. 64.0% European. 57.2% European. An autosomal DNA study from 2014 found Chile to possess a genepool averaging 51.85% European, 44.34% Amerindian, 3.81% African DNA. The genetic study was conducted across all regions of Chile, while it “ratified the preponderance of mestizaje in Chile”, it found “the indigenous presence is marked by a curve in the Chilean territory. In the north, between Arica and Coquimbo, in the south, between La Araucanía and Aysén, the genes of indigenous Amerindians exceeds 50%. Only in the south central regions, Valparaíso and Magallanes does the European component surpass.” However, the majority of Chile’s population is concentrated in the centre regions of the country. Others genetics topicsIn regard to average admixture by social class and regions, a genetic study indicated that the genepool of the average residents of Santiago, Chile’s capital and geographic centre, to be 51% European and 49% Amerindian DNA for the lower class, 70% European and 30% Amerindian DNA for the middle class, 91% European and 9% Amerindian DNA for the upper class.
Cities with a higher proportion of European immigration, such as Concepción, in south central Chile, exhibited an average middle class genepool of 75% European and 25% Amerindian DNA, while in Valparaíso the average middle class genepool was 77% European and 23% Amerindian DNA. By contrast, in southern and northern regions of the country, the Amerindian component surpassed the European component. Related genetic studies conducted on Santiago’s mtDNA and Y-DNA found a sex bias in the ethnic origin of those sex-specific chromosomes. Thus, across all social classes, an overwhelming 84% of Santiago’s mitochondrial DNA is of Amerindi
Providencia is a commune of Chile located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region. Part of Greater Santiago, it is bordered by the communes of Santiago to the west, Recoleta to the northwest, Las Condes and Vitacura to the northeast, La Reina to the east, Ñuñoa to the south. Providencia is home to a large upper middle to upper-class population and it holds the region's highest percentage of population over 60, it contains many high-rise apartment buildings as well as a significant portion of Santiago's commerce. It is notable for its large and elegant houses inhabited in the past by the Santiago elite and now used as offices; the municipality is home to many embassies, including those of Poland, France, Russia, Japan and Uruguay. According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Providencia spans an area of 14.4 km2 and has 120,874 inhabitants, making the commune an urban area. The population grew by 8.7 % between the 2002 censuses. Area: 14.4 km² Population: 126,436 Average annual household income: US$53,767 Population below poverty line: 3.5% Regional quality of life index: 83.01, high, 5 out of 52 Human Development Index: 0.911, 4 out of 341 Patricio Aylwin, former president Ricardo Lagos, former president Gabriel Valdés, former senator As a commune, Providencia is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde, directly elected every four years.
The 2016-2020 alcaldesa is Evelyn Matthei. The communal council has the following members: Manuel José Monckeberg Pilar Cruz Hurtado Iván Noguera Phillips Pedro Lizana Greve Juan Carlos Labbé Reyes Pilar Fernández Valbuena Pablo Jaeger Cousiño Jaime Parada Hoyl Julio Jung del Favero Tomás Echiburu Altamirano Providencia is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Maya Fernández and Marcela Sabat as part of the 21st electoral district; the commune is represented in the Senate by Carlos Montes and Manuel José Ossandón as part of the 8th senatorial constituency. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation has its headquarters in Providencia. Providencia includes a bohemian area populated with artists and performers; the latter lies in the shadow of Cerro San Cristóbal, a prominent hill in the city topped by a 22 m statue of The Virgin Mary. The north of Providencia is its financial and commercial district, while the remainder of it contains high-priced residential development. Other notable areas of interest in Providencia include the Metropolitan Zoo, the Teleférico, several television networks and Radio Cooperativa.
Providencia travel guide from Wikivoyage Municipality of Providencia
Du rififi chez les femmes
Du rififi chez les femmes is a French-Italian film directed by Alex Joffé and released in 1959. In Brussels, rival criminal gangs confront each other. One is led by proprietor of a night club on a barge. Vicky and her gang, who are planning a bank raid, are going to see their plans confounded by Bug. In effect, he is being manipulated by a police officer who forces him to help break up a drug trafficking deal in return for keeping his residence in Belgium. Bug and Yoko will compromise the bank raid, believing that it is linked to the drugs; the film is based on the Auguste Le Breton novel, Du rififi chez les femmes, published in 1957 and reprinted in 2010. Director: Alex Joffé Screenplay: Alex Joffé, José Giovanni, Gabriel Arout, James-Jacques Mage and Auguste Le Breton from his novel Du rififi chez les femmes Dialogue: Auguste Le Breton Music: Louiguy Song: Rififi, words by Charles Aznavour and music by Louiguy, sung by Nadja Tiller Director of photography: Pierre Montazel Camera Operator: Alain Douarinou Sound: Joseph de Bretagne Editing: Léonide Azar Set Design: Rino Mondellini Costumes: Pierre Balmain Stills photographer: Walter Limot Country: France, Italy Filming: Language: French Interiors: Studios de Boulogne-Billancourt Exteriors: Brussels Producer: James-Jacques Mage Director of production: Jacques Plante Production companies: Les Productions de l'Étoile, Transalpina, Technostampa Distribution company: Cinedis Aspect ratio: black and white — 35 mm — 1:37.1 — monaural Genre: Crime film Length: 110 min Release date: 20 May 1959 Nadja Tiller: Vicky Robert Hossein: Marcel Point-Bleu Silvia Monfort: Yoko Roger Hanin: Bug Pierre Blanchar: "Le Pirate" Françoise Rosay: Berthe Jean Gaven: James Eddie Constantine: Williams Georges Rigaud: "Le Marquis" Daniel Emilfork: Luigi Wayne Van Voorhes: Chicago, the Sicilian André Cellier: the transporter Denise Clair: Prune Michel Galabru Lucien Raimbourg Maurice Garrel Carlo Campanini Tiberio Murgia René Alone Isaac Alvarez Léopoldo Francès Liliane de Kermadec Claude Piéplu Anne-Marie Coffinet André Berthomieu Yves Barsacq Du rififi chez les femmes on IMDb