Ayrshire is a historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. Its principal towns include Ayr and Irvine. Like many other counties of Scotland, it has no administrative function, instead being sub-divided into the council areas of North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire and East Ayrshire, it has a population of 366,800. The electoral and valuation area named Ayrshire covers the three council areas of South Ayrshire, East Ayrshire and North Ayrshire, therefore including the Isle of Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae; these three islands are part of the County of Bute and are sometimes included when the term Ayrshire is applied to the region. The same area is known as Arran in other contexts. Ayrshire is one of the most agriculturally fertile regions of Scotland. Potatoes are grown in fields near the coast, using seaweed-based fertiliser, in addition the region produces pork products, other root vegetables, cattle. Ayrshire shares with Dumfries and Galloway some rugged hill country known as the Galloway Hills.
These hills lie to the west of the A713 and they run south from the Loch Doon area to the Solway Firth. To the east of this route through the hills lie the Carsphairn and Scaur Hills which lie to the south east of Dalmellington and south of New Cumnock. Glen Afton runs deep into these hills. Glasgow Prestwick International Airport, serving Glasgow and the West of Scotland more is located 32 miles away from Glasgow in Ayrshire; the name Glasgow was added in front of Prestwick as per American military airport naming conventions, as the airport was in the past oft-used as a stopover by US military personnel on their way to and from military bases in Germany. Moreover, it is known in rock history as the only place in Britain visited by Elvis Presley, on his way home from army service in Germany in 1960; the area that today forms Ayrshire was part of the area south of the Antonine Wall, occupied by the Romans during the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius. It was inhabited by the Damnonii, it formed part of the British Kingdom of Strathclyde, incorporated into the Kingdom of Scotland during the 11th century.
In 1263, the Scots drove off the Norwegian leidang-army in a skirmish known as the Battle of Largs. A notable historic building in Ayrshire is Turnberry Castle, which dates from the 13th century or earlier, which may have been the birthplace of Robert the Bruce; the historic shire or sheriffdom of Ayr was divided into three districts or bailieries which made up the county of Ayrshire. The three districts were: Carrick in the south, it was situated between the Doon and the wild district of Galloway in the adjoining Stewartries, an area, little else than a vast tract of hills and mosses. Kyle in the centre, which included the royal burgh of Ayr, occupied the central district between the River Irvine in the north, the River Doon in the south and south-west, an area, quite hilly inland, it was subdivided into "Kyle Stewart", "King's Kyle," the former embracing the country between the Irvine and the River Ayr. Cunninghame in the north which included the royal burgh of Irvine was that part of the county which lay north of the Irvine water, was in an area, level and fertile.
The area used to be industrialised, with steel making, coal mining and in Kilmarnock numerous examples of production-line manufacturing, most famously Johnnie Walker whisky. In more recent history, Digital Equipment had a large manufacturing plant near Ayr from about 1976 until the company was taken over by Compaq in 1998; some supplier companies grew up to service this site and the more distant IBM plant at Greenock in Renfrewshire. Scotland's aviation industry has long been based in and around Prestwick and its international airport, although aircraft manufacture ceased at the former British Aerospace plant in 1998, a significant number of aviation companies are still based on the Prestwick site. However, unemployment in the region is above the national average. Throughout the 17th century, huge numbers of people from Ayrshire moved to Ulster, the northern province in Ireland, as part of the Plantation of Ulster, many of them with surnames such as Burns, Morrow, Flanagan and Cunningham. Today, the Ulster Scots dialect is an offshoot of the version of Lowland Scots spoken in Ayrshire.
The Ulster Scots dialect is still spoken throughout County Antrim and in parts of County Down and County Londonderry, as well as still being spoken in West Tyrone and parts of County Donegal. The Local Government Act 1889 established a uniform system of county councils in Scotland and realigned the boundaries of many of Scotland's counties. Subsequently, Ayr county council was created in 1890. In 1930 the Local Government Act 1929 was implemented; this re-designated the Burghs into small burghs. This new categorisation influenced the level of autonomy that the Burghs enjoyed from the county council; the act abolished the parish as a unit of local government in Scotland. In Ayrshire in excess of 30 parishes were consolidated into ten district councils; the Di
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the supreme courts of Scotland; the city's Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education in the fields of medicine, Scots law, philosophy, the sciences and engineering, it is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year. Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom; the official population estimates are 488,050 for the Locality of Edinburgh, 513,210 for the City of Edinburgh, 1,339,380 for the city region.
Edinburgh lies at the heart of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland city region comprising East Lothian, Fife, Scottish Borders and West Lothian. The city is the annual venue of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, it is home to national institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582 and now one of four in the city, is placed 18th in the QS World University Rankings for 2019; the city is famous for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe, the latter being the world's largest annual international arts festival. Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the churches of St. Giles and the Canongate, the extensive Georgian New Town, built in the 18th/19th centuries. Edinburgh's Old Town and New Town together are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, managed by Edinburgh World Heritage since 1999. "Edin", the root of the city's name, derives from Eidyn, the name for this region in Cumbric, the Brittonic Celtic language spoken there.
The name's meaning is unknown. The district of Eidyn centred on the dun or hillfort of Eidyn; this stronghold is believed to have been located at Castle Rock, now the site of Edinburgh Castle. Eidyn was conquered by the Angles of Bernicia in the 7th century and by the Scots in the 10th century; as the language shifted to Old English, subsequently to modern English and Scots, The Brittonic din in Din Eidyn was replaced by burh, producing Edinburgh. Din became dùn in Scottish Gaelic, producing Dùn Èideann; the city is affectionately nicknamed Auld Reekie, Scots for Old Smoky, for the views from the country of the smoke-covered Old Town. Allan Ramsay said. A name the country people give Edinburgh from the cloud of smoke or reek, always impending over it."Thomas Carlyle said, "Smoke cloud hangs over old Edinburgh,—for since Aeneas Silvius's time and earlier, the people have the art strange to Aeneas, of burning a certain sort of black stones, Edinburgh with its chimneys is called'Auld Reekie' by the country people."A character in Walter Scott's The Abbot says "... yonder stands Auld Reekie--you may see the smoke hover over her at twenty miles' distance."Robert Chambers who said that the sobriquet could not be traced before the reign of Charles II attributed the name to a Fife laird, Durham of Largo, who regulated the bedtime of his children by the smoke rising above Edinburgh from the fires of the tenements.
"It's time now bairns, to tak' the beuks, gang to our beds, for yonder's Auld Reekie, I see, putting on her nicht -cap!"Some have called Edinburgh the Athens of the North for a variety of reasons. The earliest comparison between the two cities showed that they had a similar topography, with the Castle Rock of Edinburgh performing a similar role to the Athenian Acropolis. Both of them had fertile agricultural land sloping down to a port several miles away. Although this arrangement is common in Southern Europe, it is rare in Northern Europe; the 18th-century intellectual life, referred to as the Scottish Enlightenment, was a key influence in gaining the name. Such luminaries as David Hume and Adam Smith shone during this period. Having lost most of its political importance after the Union, some hoped that Edinburgh could gain a similar influence on London as Athens had on Rome. A contributing factor was the neoclassical architecture that of William Henry Playfair, the National Monument. Tom Stoppard's character Archie, of Jumpers, said playing on Reykjavík meaning "smoky bay", that the "Reykjavík of the South" would be more appropriate.
The city has been known by several Latin names, such as Aneda or Edina. The adjectival form of the latter, can be seen inscribed on educational buildings; the Scots poets Robert Fergusson and Robert Burns used Edina in their poems. Ben Jonson described it as "Britaine's other eye", Sir Walter Scott referred to it as "yon Empress of the North". Robert Louis Stevenson a son of the city, wrote, "Edinburgh is what Paris ought to be"; the colloquial pronunciation "Embra" or "Embro" has been used, as in Robert Garioch's Embro to the Ploy. The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithi
Andrew Douglas Maclagan
Sir Andrew Douglas Maclagan PRSE FRCPE FRCSE FCS FRSSA was a Scottish surgeon and scholar of medical jurisprudence. He served as president of 5 learned societies: the Royal Medical Society, the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Royal Scottish Society of Arts, he was born on 17 April 1812 in Ayr to the Scottish physician David Maclagan FRSE, Jane Whiteside. He was the elder brother of William Dalrymple Maclagan, his youngest brother was the eminent accountant, David Maclagan FRSE manager of the Edinburgh Life Assurance company. Douglas was educated at the Royal High School and the University of Edinburgh, graduating in 1833, he subsequently toured hospitals in continental Europe with James Young Simpson. On his return to Scotland, Maclagan was appointed Assistant Surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, he lectured on Materia Medica at the Extramural School of Medicine 1845-1862. Maclagan was a close friend of toxicologist Robert Christison, he developed an interest in toxicology and forensic medicine.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1843, his proposer being Robert Christison. He served as their Curator 1856-1878, Vice President 1878-1890, President 1890-1895. Maclagan was appointed to the Chair of Medical Jurisprudence and Public Health at the University of Edinburgh in 1862, retiring in 1897; this included some of the world's first lectures on Forensic Science. He died at home, 28 Heriot Row in Edinburgh on 5 April 1900, he is buried with his wife and children in Dean Cemetery on the west side of Edinburgh. He is buried in his father's plot, against the north wall of the original cemetery, backing onto the north extension. In his role both as a toxicologist and forensic scientist Maclagan gave evidence in many trials, including some notable cases: Junior assistant to Robert Christison in the medical evidence for the Burke and Hare trial Affirmed the victim was poisoned by arsenic in the Madeleine Smith trial Affirmed use of poison in the trial of Eugene Marie Chantrelle A bust of Maclagan by Sir John Steell is held at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.
President of the Royal Medical Society 1832 President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 1859-1861 President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh 1884-1887 President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1890-1895 Honorary Fellow of the Pharmaceutical Society of Britain President of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts 1900 Brigade Surgeon to the Royal Company of Archers Maclagan was knighted in 1886. A probationary essay on carbuncle Cases of Poisoning with Remarks Nugae canorae medicae: lays by the poet laureate of the New Town Dispensary Maclagan was married to Elizabeth Allan Thomson, they had twin daughters who died in infancy in 1842, plus a further infant daughter who died in 1850. A son, David Philip Maclagan, was a surgeon in the Royal Navy and died in Honduras in 1860, aged only 23. Nellie, their only surviving daughter, died in 1892 aged 48, his son Dr Robert Craig Maclagan FRSE was anthropologist. Public health
John Knox (artist)
John Knox was a 19th century Scottish landscape artist who painted in the style of Alexander Nasmyth. He is noted for adopting unusual positions such as mountaintops, he was born the son of John Knox in 1778. His family moved to Glasgow in 1799, he is thought to be the "John Knox Jr, portrait painter" mentioned in the 1810 Glasgow Post Office Directory living at 34 Miller Street. He taught Daniel Macnee. Glasgow Green - Georgian House Museum, Charlotte Square Old Glasgow Bridge The First Steamboat on the Clyde South-Western View of Ben Lomond Landscape with Tourists at Loch Katrine National Museum of Scotland The Head of Glen Sannox, Arran The Cloch Lighthouse Lake District Scene View of Loch Lomond Seascape with Lighthouse The Road Home - Loch Katrine Oxen on a Bridge
Fintry is a small village in central Scotland, nestled in the strath of the Endrick Water between the Campsie Fells and the Fintry Hills, some 19 miles north of Glasgow. It is within the local government council area of Stirling; the 2011 census results report that Fintry and the surrounding rural area had a population of 717. The centre of the village along Main Street has been designated a Conservation Area by Stirling Council. Culcreuch Castle, on the outskirts of the village, is a historic seat of the chiefs of the Galbraith clan, now functions as a hotel, visitor attraction, popular wedding venue; the village has a Sports Club. The rugby pitches adjacent are home to Strathendrick Rugby Football Club. There is a primary school in the village with a nursery class annex. Fintry is within the catchment area of Balfron High School. There is The Fintry Inn. Public transport is provided by the Stirling Council Demand Responsive Transport "Taxi" Service. There is The Menzies Hall, home to Fintry Amateur Dramatic Society.
Fintry is a Church of Scotland Parish in the Presbytery of Stirling. The kirk is located to the East of the village; the parish minister for Fintry is shared with Balfron with the Manse located there. Fintry Sports Club Fintry Community Council Fintry Development Trust F. A. D. S. Fintry Amateur Dramatic Society
Daniel Patrick Macnee was a British film and television actor. He was best known for his role as the secret agent John Steed in the British television series The Avengers; the elder of two sons, Macnee was born in Paddington, England on 6 February 1922. His father, a grandson of the Scottish artist Sir Daniel Macnee, trained race horses in Lambourn, was known for his dress sense, his maternal grandmother was Frances Alice Hastings, the daughter of Vice-Admiral George Fowler Hastings and granddaughter of Hans Francis Hastings, 12th Earl of Huntingdon. His younger brother James, known as Jimmy, was born five years later. Macnee's parents separated, his father moved to India, his mother began to live with her wealthy partner, Evelyn Spottswood, whose money came from the Dewar's whisky business. Macnee referred to her in his autobiography as "Uncle Evelyn", she helped pay for his schooling, he was educated at Summer Fields School and Eton College, where he was a member of the Officer Training Corps and was one of the guard of honour for King George V at St George's Chapel in 1936.
He was expelled from Eton for selling pornography and being a bookmaker for his fellow students. Macnee studied acting at the Webber Douglas Academy of Dramatic Art, but shortly before he was to perform in his first West End leading role, which would have had him acting alongside Vivien Leigh, he was called up for the United Kingdom Armed Forces, he joined the Royal Navy as an ordinary seaman in October 1942 and was commissioned a sub-lieutenant in June 1943, becoming a navigator on Motor Torpedo Boats in the English Channel and North Sea. Reassigned as first lieutenant on a second MTB, Macnee caught bronchitis just before D-Day. Two of the crew received the Distinguished Service Medal, he left the Navy in 1946 as a lieutenant. Macnee nurtured his acting career in Canada early on, but he appeared as an uncredited extra in the British films Pygmalion, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp and Laurence Olivier's Hamlet, as well as some live TV dramas for the BBC, before graduating to credited parts in such films as Scrooge, as the young Jacob Marley, the Gene Kelly vehicle Les Girls, as an Old Bailey barrister, the war film The Battle of the River Plate.
Between these occasional movie roles, Macnee spent the better part of the 1950s working in dozens of small parts in American and Canadian television and theatre, including an appearance in an episode of The Twilight Zone in 1959. Disappointed in his limited career development, in the late 1950s Macnee was daily smoking 80 cigarettes and drinking a bottle of whisky. Not long before his career-making role in The Avengers, Macnee took a break from acting and served as one of the London-based producers for the classic documentary series The Valiant Years, based on the Second World War memoirs of Winston Churchill. While working in London on the Churchill series, Macnee was offered the part in The Avengers, for which he became best known; the series was conceived as a vehicle for Ian Hendry, who played the lead role of Dr. David Keel in a sequel to an earlier series, Police Surgeon, while John Steed was his assistant. Macnee, became the lead after Hendry's departure at the end of the first season.
Macnee played opposite a succession of glamorous female partners. Of the 161 completed episodes, Macnee appeared in all but two. Although Macnee evolved in the role as the series progressed, the key elements of Steed's persona and appearance were there from early on: the mysterious demeanour and the light, flirting tone with ladies. From the episodes with Blackman onwards, the trademark bowler hat and umbrella completed the image. Though it was traditionally associated with London "city gents", the ensemble of suit and bowler had developed in the post-war years as mufti for ex-servicemen attending Armistice Day ceremonies. Steed's sartorial style may have been drawn from Macnee's father. Macnee, alongside designer Pierre Cardin, adapted the look into a style all his own, he went on to design several outfits himself for Steed based on the same basic theme. Steed was the central character of The New Avengers, in which he was teamed with agents named Purdey and Mike Gambit. Macnee insisted on, was proud of, never carrying a gun in the original series.
Lumley said she did all the gun-slinging in The New Avengers for the same reason. However, the Internet Movie Firearms Database lists seven instances where Steed uses a firearm, all in the original series; when asked in June 1982 which Avengers female lead was his favourite, Macnee declined to give a specific answer. "Well, I'd rather not say. To do so would invite trouble," he told TV Week magazine. Macnee did provide his evaluation of the female leads. Of Honor Blackman he said, "She was wonderful, presenting the concept of a strong-willed and liberated woman just as that sort of woman was beginning to emerge in society." Diana Rigg was "One of the world's great actresses. A superb comedienne. I'm convinced that one day she'll be Dame Diana" (his predictio