One Special Night
One Special Night is a 1999 American made-for-television drama film directed by Roger Young, adapted by Nancey Silvers from the play A Winter Visitor by Jan Hartman, starring James Garner and Julie Andrews. The plot involves two strangers, a construction contractor and a Pediatric Cardiologist, who take refuge in a small abandoned cabin during a stormy winter night and, despite their many differences, they become undeniably drawn to one another; this was Garner's and Andrews' third film pairing as romantic leads, after The Americanization of Emily and Victor Victoria. James Garner... Robert WoodwardJulie Andrews... Catherine HowardPatricia Charbonneau... Lori Stacy Grant... Jaclyn Woodward Stewart Bick... JeffDaniel Magder... Michael Sheena Larkin... Marybeth Woodward Kim Roberts... Nurse Sara Gary Plaxton... Dr. Michaels Belinda Hum... New Hospice Nurse Kerrilyn Keith... O. R. Nurse Sasha Wentges... Nursery Nurse Annabelle Torsein... Young Hospice Nurse Frank Cavallero... TV Reporter Sam Stone... Murray One Special Night in the Internet Movie Database
The Famous Jett Jackson
The Famous Jett Jackson is a joint Canadian and American coming-of-age television series for the Disney Channel. The show is about a boy named Jett Jackson who plays a teenage secret agent on a fictional TV show-within-a-show called Silverstone. Jett Jackson lived with his actress mother in Los Angeles, but missed his home and his friends. Longing for a normal life, Jett succeeds in getting the production of Silverstone moved to the fictional Wilsted, North Carolina, thus providing jobs to townspeople while affording Jett the chance to live with his father, Sheriff Woodrick "Wood" Jackson, his great-grandmother, Miz Coretta. Keeping in touch with his mother Jules by video link on his computer, Jett now spends part of his time with family and school, the rest living the life of a working actor and celebrity. In doing so, Jett ends up in sticky situations aided and abetted by his childhood friend, J. B. his not-quite girlfriend Kayla, sometimes by Cubby, Silverstone's wacky special effects wizard.
In the second half of the series, Jett's new co-star, Riley Grant, is added to the mix. The show within the show, Silverstone, is about a spy who works for Mission Omega Matrix in order to save the world from villains like Dr. Hypnoto and The Rat. In contrast to Jett, Silverstone has no family, only his mentor and his partner "Hawk". From the second season onward, the action sequences and Silverstone subplots became more prominent; the relative realism of Jett's home life sometimes gave way to fantasy or paranormal elements, such as one episode in which Jett learns about a shameful incident in Wilsted's history with a little prodding from the ghost of a key figure in the buried scandal. Other episodes dealt with issues in a more realistic and contemporary way, such as when J. B.'s father's family-owned store is threatened by the arrival of high-powered, "big box" competition, another in which Jett's English teacher, Dr. Dupree, runs afoul of local attempts at censorship of a class reading assignment.
Other episodes dealt with such topics as bulimia and the question of whether Jett, with his sheltered and pampered home life, can understand or cope with the problems of other African Americans. The series was followed by a Disney Channel movie in which Jett finds himself trapped in Silverstone's world, vice versa. In that movie he takes on Silverstone's role for real and is able to muddle through while Silverstone does the same thing in Jett's world until Miz Coreta finds out the truth and he returns home and sends Jett back as well; the movie ends with Jett returning to Silverstone's world and helping him complete his mission by rescuing Silverstone from Kragg and defeating Kragg alongside his hero alter-ego. Lee Thompson Young as Jett Jackson/Silverstone Ryan Sommers Baum as J. B. Halliburton Kerry Duff as Kayla West Gordon Greene as Woodrick Jackson Montrose Hagins as Miz Coretta Melanie Nicholls-King as Jules Jackson Jeffrey Douglas as Cubby Lindy Booth as Riley Grant/Hawk Nigel Shawn Williams as Nigel Essex/Artemus Robert Bockstael as Mr. Dupree Show creator Fracaswell Hyman devised the character before casting Lee Thompson Young for the role.
Like Jett, Young was raised in a single parent home in the South, decided on an acting career at an early age. Young went on to write one of the episodes produced for the series; the series included both young guest stars such as Hayden Christensen, Britney Spears and Destiny's Child and veteran stars such as Eartha Kitt, the latter of whom played the new coach of Wilsted's minor league baseball team in one episode. Although it was well received and regarded as a success, the series ended on June 22, 2001 due to Disney's unstated policy of making only 65 episodes per series; the series was in re-runs on Disney Channel from June 23, 2001 to June 2004 at 12:30 A. M. E/P. In August 2013, lead actor Lee Thompson Young was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Jett Jackson: The Movie premiered on Disney Channel in 2001. After being removed from the Disney Channel schedule in June 2004, the show aired on ABC Family as part of the Jetix programming block; the show was seen again on Disney XD in 2009.
Response to the show was positive. Laura Fries of Variety, the Hollywood trade paper, noted in her review of Jett Jackson: The Movie that "Young serves as an appealing role model, much like Sarah Michelle Gellar's Buffy the Vampire Slayer --someone who can fulfill young, action craving audiences without the gratuitous violence. There's a sense of empowerment associated with these sort of roles, handled they function as an excellent allegory for the confusing teenage years." Although she mentions "contrived plot devices", she refers to the series as "clever" and "an entertaining concept". The series The Famous Jett Jackson and its young cast were nominated for Young Artist Awards, presented by the nonprofit Young Artist Foundation, in several categories in the course of the show's run: The Famous Jett Jackson on IMDb The Famous Jett Jackson at TV.com
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Mee-Shee: The Water Giant
Mee-Shee: The Water Giant is an Anglo-German family film shot in New Zealand and released in 2005. It stars Rena Owen, Tom Jackson and Daniel Magder; the film is based upon the Canadian folklore water monster known as the Ogopogo. This folklore began with Aboriginal peoples in Canada, while the film was in production complaints from one Aboriginal chief about cultural appropriation caused the film and its titular monster to be renamed "Mee-Shee"; these complaints and the renaming generated controversy. The film itself received some good reviews; some critics praised the performances. In Canada, Mee-Shee was only never played in theatres. A United States oil company loses a drill, intended to do work in the Arctic, while flying over a Canadian lake. Company employee Sean is contacted to go to Canada to find it. Although his son, Mac, is disappointed, he agrees to go with his father to Canada. Once in Canada, they meet a local native named Custer who helps Sean and another employee on their mission.
They visit the lake using a submarine, after taking pictures of the bottom of the lake discover deep giant rivers. The legend of Mee-Shee states. Sean and Mac rent the home of Mrs. Coogan, a kindly lady whom Sean refers to as "Mary Poppins". Mac and others see vague images of Mee-Shee that spark their curiosity. Upon meeting Custer's daughter Pawnee, Mac goes with her to a cave where local native woman "Crazy Norma" feeds Mee-Shee; this is. Mac runs back to the house to tell his dad, but Mrs. Coogan warns that Mee-Shee's life could be endangered if the outside world knew of it. Meanwhile, saboteurs Snead and Watkins, agents of a rival oil company who pose as Greenpeace representatives, destroy Sean's equipment and search for the drill themselves, their first time under the water, they shoot him with a harpoon. When Mac finds him again in the cave he removes the harpoon, tells environmental ranger Laura about it. Events lead to a search for Mee-Shee and conflicts with the saboteurs; the saboteurs capture Mee-Shee and attempt to kill him, but an larger Mee-Shee appears, meaning that the one in the net is a baby and the larger one is an adult.
Enraged, the mother kills them. Out of gratitude, the baby Mee-Shee retrieves the drill but they decide that they don't want it and throw it back. All of a sudden 8 more Mee-Shees appear out of the water, both young. According to Canadian folklore, the Ogopogo is a creature that lives in Okanagan Lake in British Columbia, it has been compared to the Loch Ness Monster, another supposed water creature in Scotland, or with a plesiosaur. Aboriginal peoples have claimed that belief in the Ogopogo is a part of their culture, although they called it Niataka or N'ha-aitk, the name "Ogopogo" was invented by a board of trade in 1926; the folklore has been commercialized, inspired merchandise and drew tourism for the Okanagan. With this commercialization, one reporter found it natural that the Ogopogo would inspire a film, saying that "Eventually movie makers were bound to sit up and take notice, movie makers did."Canadian scriptwriter Barry Authors wrote the screenplay for Mee-Shee after reading about the Ogopogo in a magazine.
It was written in 1996, entitled Loch, a Scottish word for "lake". Authors resided in Britain at the time, but opted for a more Canadian feel and renamed his work Ogopogo. Authors wanted to portray his film as a "showcase for Canadian talent and storytelling" and "a cross between Free Willy and E. T.." The film version was directed by John Henderson, who had directed Loch Ness about the similar Scottish folklore. They first made plans to film the story on Okanagan Lake, the supposed domain of the Ogopogo, but had troubles with the scenery and relocated to Lake Winnipeg. US actress Whoopi Goldberg was to play a Native Canadian, which would require make-up since Goldberg is a black American. However, due to concerns that Lake Manitoba might experience a winter, the project was moved to New Zealand. Goldberg left the project. Authors' son Jeff Authors, who had worked on the White Fang television show, had suggested New Zealand, saying "New Zealand can double for Canada. Not only is it beautiful, but it looks just like Canada in all the remote spots you want, you'll find a more remote lake there."The creature itself was both CGI and a puppet made by Jim Henson's Creature Shop and modelled after the late US actor Walter Matthau.
The film cost $40 million. The filming in New Zealand took place on Lake Wakatipu at Queenstown in 2002. Authors remarked it was nice to work in New Zealand because "The crews were very keen to do anything, required... New Zealand had just done Lord of the Rings, they had a taste of major motion pictures". Other filming was done in England with a water tank, the CGI work was carried out in England in 2003 and 2004. According to Barry Authors, most Canadian Aboriginal leaders supported using the name "Ogopogo" in the film. However, one Aboriginal complained that the legend was too holy, so Authors renamed the creature "Mee-Shee." The Aboriginal who did not want the name "Ogopogo" used was Stewart Phillip, a Penticton chief. Phillip asked that the names "Ogopogo" and "Okanagan" not be used because "It's an international concern among indigenous people about the exploitation of spiritual entities and being and whatnot for commercial purposes; this is not an isolated incident
Angel Eyes (film)
Angel Eyes is a 2001 American romantic drama film directed by Luis Mandoki and starring Jennifer Lopez, Jim Caviezel, Jeremy Sisto. Written by Gerald Di Pego, the film is about a mysterious man who finds himself drawn to a female police officer with whom he forms a relationship that helps each to deal with trauma from their past; the original music score was composed by Marco Beltrami. The film received ALMA Award Nominations for Outstanding Director. On a wet rainy night in Chicago, police officer Sharon Pogue is at the scene of a serious traffic accident holding the hand of one of the victims, pleading that he hold on and not give up. One year Sharon is frustrated with the men she dates, has become estranged from her family for having her father arrested for beating her mother Josephine, her father and brother, have never forgiven her, her anger is affecting her police work. A man known only as "Catch" wanders the streets of Chicago in a trance-like state, doing good deeds for strangers and neighbors.
One day he sees Sharon at a diner and watches her from across the street, she notices him watching her. Just a car pulls up and blasts the diner with machine gun fire, Sharon and her partner chase after the criminals. Sharon catches up with one criminal and in the ensuing struggle, he gets her gun and shoots her twice in the chest. Seeing that she is protected by her bulletproof vest, he prepares to shoot her in the head, but Catch jumps the man and knocks the gun away, saving her life; that night and Catch meet at a tavern and have a drink. A grateful Sharon tries to learn more about Catch. Sharon invites him to her apartment, after some awkward moments between the two, they share a kiss. Catch abruptly leaves the apartment, leaving Sharon confused; the next evening Sharon finds a dandelion taped to her mailbox with Catch's phone number. She awkwardly invites him to breakfast at a coffee shop the next morning; when Sharon wakes up, she calls Catch to cancel their breakfast date. Catch is at the coffee shop and never gets the message.
Upset at being stood up, he goes to Sharon's apartment and criticizes her for not showing up for her "appointment", storms out. Sharon follows him to his nearly empty apartment. Surprised at the living conditions, she demands to know more about him, but Catch refuses to reveal anything about his past, he only says that he is starting "from scratch". Following the advice of his mother-in-law Elanora, Catch calls Sharon and apologizes, the two continue seeing each other, they go on a lakeside picnic in a state park and share a romantic swim, after which they make passionate love on the shore. In the coming days, Catch is there to comfort her after a family confrontation, his positive influence begins to show in her police work. One night they go to a blues club, after the band has played a number, Catch notices a trumpet sitting on the bandstand, he picks up the trumpet and starts to play a soulful version of the tune "Nature Boy". As they're leaving, the owner approaches him, calling him "Steve Lambert", asking where's he's been.
Catch denies knowing the man and walks away. The next day, Sharon investigates the name Steven Lambert in the police files and discovers that he is the man whose hand she held at the site of a traffic accident a year earlier, that Catch's wife and child died in the accident, she goes to the house he abandoned after the accident and learns that he was a jazz musician and that the accident occurred on his son's birthday, causing Catch to create a mental block. Wanting to help Catch heal from his emotional wounds, she tries to talk to him about the accident and takes him to the cemetery to see the graves of his family, but he gets upset and walks away. Sharon visits Elanora, Catch's former mother-in-law. Sharon is looking for some way of helping the man she loves, Elanora encourages patience and tells Sharon that Catch will find his way in his own time. At her parents' wedding vow renewal ceremony, Sharon tries talking to her father but he tells her that he feels like he doesn't have a daughter.
As Sharon starts to leave, she stops and tells the videographer a wonderful story about her father playing with her and her brother when they were children. She is moved by this memory, her father overhears it and is emotionally affected, but when Sharon looks at him, he turns away. Meanwhile, Catch goes to the cemetery and talks to his deceased wife and child, explaining how he remembers all the wonderful moments they shared; as Sharon leaves the reception, she sees Catch waiting by her car. They profess their love for each other; as they prepare to leave, Catch tells her. Canadian actor Dan Petronijevic, known years for the television series 19-2 and Letterkenny, plays the fighting kid that grabs Officer Sharon inappropriately. Principal photography finished in early August that same year. Angel Eyes was filmed in the following locations: Chicago, Illinois, USA Elora, Canada Toronto, CanadaAlthough the story is set in Chicago, several clear shots of the Toronto skyline, including Toronto's recognizable CN Tower, appear in the film, along with other recognizable Toronto landmarks, such as the Honest Ed's storefront, the Sam the Record Man neon light and a TTC streetcar.
The scenes in and around Sharon's parents home were filmed at the Playter Farmhouse, an historic building near Danforth Avenue in Toronto. Some scenes were filmed in the village of Ontario, at the Elora Quarry. Upon its theatrical release, Angel Eyes received mixed reviews. On the review aggregator web site Rotten
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa