Fredericia is a town located in Fredericia municipality in the southeastern part of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark. The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Kolding and Vejle, it was founded in 1650 by Frederick III. The city itself has a population of 39,922 January 2014) and the Fredericia municipality has a population of 50,324. After the devastation caused by the Thirty Years War in a unfortified Jutland, King Christian IV realized the necessity of building a strong fortress in Jutland, decided that this project could be combined with his plans for building a large town in Jutland. A fortified encampment was built on a point of land called Lyngs Odde, near the current location of Fredericia, with a rampart stretching to either side of the point, thus protecting the encampment from attacks. However, the fortifications were not perfect, when Swedish Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson invaded Jutland, he was able to break through the ramparts, it was Frederick III, able to complete the plans for the fortification adding a flank fortification on nearby Bers Odde as suggested by Danish Imperial Marshal Anders Bille.
On 15 December 1650, the King signed the document giving the town its first privileges, work on the new fortifications could begin. In 1651, the town was named Frederiksodde after the king, on 22 April 1664, it was given the new Latinized name of Fredericia; every 6 July, the town of Fredericia holds a festival to commemorate the 1849 Battle of Fredericia, fought during the First War of Schleswig, in which Danish troops won a victory over the Schleswig-Holstein rebels who were laying siege to the town. Fredericia's landmark, was unveiled on 6 July 1858; the municipality today is part of the East Jutland metropolitan area with 1.2M inhabitants, is the site of Fredericia municipality's municipal council. The town is one of Denmark's largest traffic hubs; the town is a major barracks, home to the Royal Danish Army's Signals Regiment, located at Rye's Barracks and Bülow's Barracks. Hartvig Philip Rée a Jewish-Danish merchant and author Poul Pagh a Danish merchant and shipowner Magdalene Thoresen a Norwegian poet, short story writer and playwright Henrik Pontoppidan, a Danish realist writer, shared the 1917 Nobel Prize for Literature Frederick Brockhausen a cigar maker, trade union activist and politician in Milwaukee Vilhelm Buhl was the 11th Prime Minister of Denmark Svend Melsing, theatre director and playwright Dr Erik Holtved a Danish artist, archaeologist and ethnologist Ellen Krause a Danish artist and an Odsherred Painters Tage Skou-Hansen a Danish writer and scholar Cecil Bødker a Danish writer of young adult fiction books and poet Erik Moseholm a Danish jazz bassist, bandleader of the DR Big Band Jørgen Vig Knudstorp, former CEO of Lego Group Christian Holten Bonke a Danish documentary filmmaker and screenwriter Thomas Sørensen, footballer Patrick Hougaard a Danish motorcycle speedway rider Annette Jensen a Danish handball player Sara Thygesen a Danish badminton player, specializing in doubles play.
Fredericia municipality Fredericia travel guide from Wikivoyage "Fredericia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11. 1911
Schleswig is a town in the northeastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg, it has a population of about 27,000, the main industries being leather and food processing. It takes its name from the Schlei, an inlet of the Baltic sea at the end of which it sits, vik or vig which means “bay” in Old Norse and Danish. Schleswig or Slesvig therefore means “bay of the Schlei”; the city lies at the western end of the Schlei Förde, which separates the two peninsulas of Angeln and Schwansen, is on the western edge of the Schleswig-Holstein Uplands on the transition to the Geest country. The urban area ranges from 0 to 20 m above sea level. Brautsee is in the town; the nearest major cities are Flensburg and Kiel. Autobahn 7 runs west of the city. Highways 76 and 77 end in Schleswig and B 201 runs to the north of the town. Schleswig station is a stop for InterCity and Intercity-Express trains and is on the Hamburg–Neumünster–Flensburg and Husum–Kiel lines; the climate is oceanic and mild with a slight continental influence.
The annual mean temperature is 8 °C and precipitation averages 925 mm. The Viking settlement of Hedeby, located south of the modern town, was first mentioned in 804, it was a powerful settlement in the Baltic region, dominating the area for more than 200 years. In 1050, following several destructions, the population was moved to the opposite shore of the Schlei, becoming the city of Schleswig. In 1066 Hedeby was destroyed, Schleswig remained as a part of the Danish kingdom. In 1544, Gottorf Castle became the residence of the local rulers; the dukes of Gottorf were vassals of the Danish kings and ruled over much of present-day Schleswig-Holstein. In 1721, when the Great Northern War ended, the dukes of Gottorf lost their power and their land became Danish crown land. After the Second Schleswig War, Schleswig was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia. Schleswig Cathedral, with the tomb of King Frederick I of Denmark Gottorf Castle, former residence of the dukes, with the baroque Neuwerk garden, containing a replica of the Globe of Gottorf Holm: old fishing village at the Schlei shore Hedeby, Viking settlement Christian III of Denmark King of Denmark from 1534 until his death Georg Calixtus Lutheran theologian Johan Ross the Elder Swedish painter Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden King of Sweden from 1751 until his death Friedrich August, Duke of Holstein-Oldenburg was Duke of Oldenburg Asmus Jakob Carstens Danish-German painter, committed to Neoclassicism Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Carl Andreas August Goos painter working in history painting, genre painting and portrait painting.
Herman Wilhelm Bissen sculptor Friedrich Bernhard Westphal German-Danish genre painter and illustrator Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Jessen botanist Friedrich Krichauff politician in colonial South Australia Casper Petersen was an American schoolteacher, businessman and politician. Ralf Rothmann, novelist Thomas Heberer is a jazz trumpeter, cornetist and composer Ekkehard Wölk pianist and composer Karl Schultz equestrian and Olympic medalist Herbert Blöcker equestrian and 3-time Olympic medalist Jobst Hirscht former athlete who competed in the 100 metres Hole Rößler modern pentathlete, competed for West Germany at the 1972 Summer Olympics Jan-Ingwer Callsen-Bracker, footballer Municipal website "Schleswig". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. "Schleswig". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. "Schleswig". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921
Second Schleswig War
The Second Schleswig War was the second military conflict over the Schleswig-Holstein Question of the nineteenth century. The war began on 1 February 1864. Denmark fought the Kingdom of the Austrian Empire. Like the First Schleswig War, it was fought for control of the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg, due to the succession disputes concerning them when the Danish king died without an heir acceptable to the German Confederation. Controversy arose due to the passing of the November Constitution, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol. Reasons for the war were the ethnic controversy in Schleswig and the co-existence of conflicting political systems within the Danish unitary state; the war ended on 30 October 1864, with the Treaty of Vienna and Denmark's cession of the Duchies of Schleswig and Saxe-Lauenburg to Prussia and Austria. The secessionist movement of the large German majority in Holstein and southern Schleswig was suppressed in the First Schleswig War, but the movement continued throughout the 1850s and 1860s, as Denmark attempted to integrate the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom while proponents of German unification expressed the wish to include the Danish-ruled duchies of Holstein and Schleswig in a Greater Germany.
Holstein was a part of the German Confederation and before 1806 a German fief and ethnically German, but Schleswig was a Danish fief and was linguistically mixed between German and Danish and North Frisian, which for the German part, was due to immigration over the centuries. Before the middle ages, the people of Schleswig spoke Danish and Frisian, as late as the 18th century many rural areas of southern Schleswig still spoke Danish. In the 19th century the northern and middle parts of Schleswig spoke Danish, but the language in the southern half had shifted to German. German culture was dominant among nobility. For centuries, while the rule of the king was absolute, these conditions had created few tensions; when egalitarian ideas spread and nationalist currents emerged about 1820, identification was mixed between Danish and German. Furthermore, there was a grievance about tolls charged by Denmark on shipping passing through the Danish Straits between the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. To avoid that expense, Prussia planned to construct the Kiel Canal, which could not be built while Denmark ruled Holstein.
Much of the dispute focused on the heir of King Frederick VII of Denmark. The Germans of Holstein and Schleswig supported the House of Augustenburg, a cadet branch of the Danish royal family but the average Dane considered them too German and preferred the rival Glücksburg branch with Prince Christian of Glücksburg as the new sovereign. Prince Christian had served on the Danish side in the First Schleswig War. At the time, the king of Denmark was duke of the duchies of Holstein and Schleswig. In 1848, Denmark had received its first free constitution and at the same time had fought a civil war with the Germans of Schleswig-Holstein, in which Prussia had intervened; the peace treaty stipulated that the duchy of Schleswig should be treated the same as the duchy of Holstein in its relations with the Kingdom of Denmark. During the revisions of the 1848 constitution in the late 1850s and early 1860s, Holstein refused to acknowledge the revision, creating a crisis in which the parliament in Copenhagen ratified the revision but Holstein did not.
That was a clear breach of the 1851 peace treaty and gave Prussia and the German union a casus belli against Denmark. The German situation was more favorable than it had been fifteen years before, when Prussia had to give in due to the risk of military intervention by Britain and Russia on behalf of Denmark. France had colonial problems, not least with Britain. Otto von Bismarck had neutralized Russia politically and succeeded in obtaining cooperation from Austria which underlined its great power status within the German union. To understand the Danish resolve in this question one must understand that the Danes regarded Schleswig as an ancient core region of Denmark; the southern part of Schleswig contains the ruins of the old Danish viking "capital" Hedeby and the Danevirke fortification. Before the Danes took possession of the area, around 300 AD, Schleswig was the home of the Angles, of which many migrated to Britain, where they formed the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Thus, to suggest that the region did not belong to Denmark was seen as a great provocation to the Danes' ancestral claim to Schleswig.
The adoption of the Constitution of Denmark in 1849 complicated matters further, as many Danes wished for the new democratic constitution to apply to all Danes, including those in Schleswig. The constitutions of Holstein and Schleswig were dominated by the Estates system, giving more power to the most affluent members of society, with the result that both Schleswig and Holstein were politically dominated by a predominantly German class of landowners, thus two systems of government co-existed within the same state: democracy in Denmark, absolutism in Schleswig and Holstein. The three units were
Mechanized infantry are infantry units equipped with armored personnel carriers or infantry fighting vehicles for transport and combat. Mechanized infantry is distinguished from motorized infantry in that its vehicles provide a degree of protection from hostile fire, as opposed to "soft-skinned" wheeled vehicles for motorized infantry. Most APCs and IFVs are tracked or are all-wheel drive vehicles, for mobility across rough ground; some nations distinguish between mechanized and armored infantry, designating troops carried by APCs as mechanized and those in IFVs as armored. The support weapons for mechanized infantry are provided with motorized transport, or they are built directly into combat vehicles to keep pace with the mechanized infantry in combat. For units equipped with most types of APC or any type of IFV, fire support weapons, such as machine guns, small-bore direct-fire howitzers, anti-tank guided missiles are mounted directly on the infantry's own transport vehicles. Compared with "light" truck-mobile infantry, mechanized infantry can maintain rapid tactical movement and, if mounted in IFVs, have more integral firepower.
It requires more combat supplies and ordnance supplies, a comparatively larger proportion of manpower is required to crew and maintain the vehicles. For example, most APCs have a crew of two. Most IFVs require a crew of three. To be effective in the field, mechanized units require many mechanics, with specialized maintenance and recovery vehicles and equipment; some of the first mechanized infantry were assault teams mounted on A7V tanks. The vehicles were extra-large to let them carry sizeable assault teams and would carry infantry on board in addition to their large crews that were trained as storm troopers. All machine-gun-armed A7V tanks carried two small flame throwers for their dismounts to use. A7V tank would carry a second officer to lead the assault team. During the Battle of St. Quentin, A7Vs were accompanied by 20 storm troopers from Rohr Assault Battalion, but it is unspecified if they were acting as dismounts or were accompanying the tanks on foot. During the battle, tank crews were reported to have dismounted and attacked enemy positions with grenades and flamethrowers on numerous occasions.
Another example of the use of such a method of fighting is the capture of Villers-Bretonneux, in which A7Vs would suppress the defenders with machine gun fire and assault teams would dismount and attack them with grenades. Towards the end of World War I, all the armies involved were faced with the problem of maintaining the momentum of an attack. Tanks, artillery, or infiltration tactics could all be used to break through an enemy defense, but all offensives launched in 1918 ground to a halt after a few days; the following infantry became exhausted, artillery and fresh formations could not be brought forward over the battlefields enough to maintain the pressure on the regrouping enemy. It was acknowledged that cavalry was too vulnerable to be used on most European battlefields, but many armies continued to deploy them. Motorized infantry could maintain rapid movement, but their trucks required either a good road network or firm open terrain, such as desert, they were unable to traverse a battlefield obstructed by craters, barbed wire, trenches.
Tracked or all-wheel drive vehicles were to be the solution. Following the war, development of mechanized forces was theoretical for some time, but many nations began rearming in the 1930s; the British Army had established an Experimental Mechanized Force in 1927, but it failed to pursue that line because of budget constraints and the prior need to garrison the frontiers of the British Empire. Although some proponents of mobile warfare, such as J. F. C. Fuller, advocated building "tank fleets", such as Heinz Guderian in Germany, Adna R. Chaffee Jr. in the United States, Mikhail Tukhachevsky in the Soviet Union, recognized that tank units required close support from infantry and other arms and that such supporting arms needed to maintain the same pace as the tanks. As the Germans rearmed in the 1930s, they equipped some infantry units in their new Panzer divisions with the half-track Sd. Kfz. 251, which could keep up with tanks on most terrain. The French Army created "light mechanized" divisions in which some of the infantry units possessed small tracked carriers.
Together with the motorization of the other infantry and support units, this gave both armies mobile combined-arms formations. The German doctrine was to use them to exploit breakthroughs in Blitzkrieg offensives, whereas the French envisaged them being used to shift reserves in a defensive battle; as World War II progressed, most major armies integrated tanks or assault guns with mechanized infantry, as well as other supporting arms, such as artillery and engineers, as combined arms units. Allied armored formations included a mechanized infantry element for combined arms teamwork. For example, US armored divisions had a balance of three battalions each of tanks, armored infantry, self-propelled artillery; the US armored infantry was equipped with M2 and M3 halftracks. In the British and Commonwealth armies, "Type A armoured brigades," intended for independent operations or to form part of armored divisions, had a "motor infantry" battalion mounted in Bren Carriers or in lend-lease halftracks.
"Type B" brigades were subordinated to infantry formations. The Canadian Army and, subsequently the British Army, used expedients
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry and tank forces. Known as foot soldiers, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress; the first military forces in history were infantry. In antiquity, infantry were armed with an early melee weapon such as a spear, axe or sword, or an early ranged weapon like a javelin, sling, or bow, with a few infantrymen having both a melee and a ranged weapon. With the development of gunpowder, infantry began converting to firearms. By the time of Napoleonic warfare, infantry and artillery formed a basic triad of ground forces, though infantry remained the most numerous. With armoured warfare, armoured fighting vehicles have replaced the horses of cavalry, airpower has added a new dimension to ground combat, but infantry remains pivotal to all modern combined arms operations.
Infantry have much greater local situational awareness than other military forces, due to their inherent intimate contact with the battlefield. Infantry can more recognise and respond to local conditions and changing enemy weapons or tactics, they can operate in a wide range of terrain inaccessible to military vehicles, can operate with a lower logistical burden. Infantry are the most delivered forces to ground combat areas, by simple and reliable marching, or by trucks, sea or air transport, they can be augmented with a variety of crew-served weapons, armoured personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles. In English, use of the term infantry began about the 1570s, describing soldiers who march and fight on foot; the word derives from Middle French infanterie, from older Italian infanteria, from Latin īnfāns, from which English gets infant. The individual-soldier term infantryman was not coined until 1837. In modern usage, foot soldiers of any era are now considered infantrymen. From the mid-18th century until 1881 the British Army named its infantry as numbered regiments "of Foot" to distinguish them from cavalry and dragoon regiments.
Infantry equipped with special weapons were named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils. These names can persist long after the weapon speciality. More in modern times, infantry with special tactics are named for their roles, such as commandos, snipers and militia. Dragoons were created. However, if light cavalry was lacking in an army, any available dragoons might be assigned their duties. Conversely, starting about the mid-19th century, regular cavalry have been forced to spend more of their time dismounted in combat due to the ever-increasing effectiveness of enemy infantry firearms, thus most cavalry transitioned to mounted infantry. As with grenadiers, the dragoon and cavalry designations can be retained long after their horses, such as in the Royal Dragoon Guards, Royal Lancers, King's Royal Hussars. Motorised infantry have trucks and other unarmed vehicles for non-combat movement, but are still infantry since they leave their vehicles for any combat.
Most modern infantry have vehicle transport, to the point where infantry being motorised is assumed, the few exceptions might be identified as modern light infantry, or "leg infantry" colloquially. Mechanised infantry go beyond motorised, having transport vehicles with combat abilities, armoured personnel carriers, providing at least some options for combat without leaving their vehicles. In modern infantry, some APCs have evolved to be infantry fighting vehicles, which are transport vehicles with more substantial combat abilities, approaching those of light tanks; some well-equipped mechanised infantry can be designated as armoured infantry. Given that infantry forces also have some tanks, given that most armoured forces have more mechanised infantry units than tank units in their organisation, the distinction between mechanised infantry and armour forces has blurred; the terms "infantry", "armour", "cavalry" used in the official names for military units like divisions, brigades, or regiments might be better understood as a description of their expected balance of defensive and mobility roles, rather than just use of vehicles.
Some modern mechanised infantry units are termed cavalry or armoured cavalry though they never had horses, to e
Battle of Copenhagen (1801)
The Battle of Copenhagen of 1801 was a naval battle in which a British fleet fought a large force of the Dano-Norwegian Navy anchored near Copenhagen on 2 April 1801. As the British ships attempted to enter the harbour the Danish fleet, stationed in the city's inlet, formed a blockade; the Danish used older ships not meant to sail in the sea as blockades. Denmark defended the capital with these ships and bastions on both sides of the harbour inlet, Trekroner, Lynetten as well as Quintus and Strickers, it was the second attempt by the British to scare Denmark, as the British had entered Øresund with a navy in August 1800, in order to force Denmark to sign an alliance with Britain. Now Britain would have Denmark's entire navy and merchant fleet, so it would not fall into the hands of the French; the British were not aware that the modern Royal Danish Navy and many merchant ships were well hidden in the Roskilde fjord, a bluff, never called by the British. The battle was the result of multiple failures of diplomacy in the latter half of the 18th century.
At the beginning of 1801, during the French Revolutionary Wars, Britain's principal advantage over France was its naval superiority. The Royal Navy searched neutral ships trading with French ports, seizing their cargoes if they were deemed to be trading with France, it was in the British interest to guarantee its naval supremacy and all trade advantages that resulted from it. The Russian Tsar Paul, having been a British ally, arranged a League of Armed Neutrality comprising Denmark, Sweden and Russia, to enforce free trade with France; the British viewed the League to be much in the French interest and a serious threat. The League was hostile to the British blockade and, according to the British, its existence threatened the supply of timber and naval stores from Scandinavia. In early 1801, the British government assembled a fleet off Great Yarmouth at Yarmouth Roads, with the goal of breaking up the League; the British needed to act before the Baltic Sea thawed and released the Russian fleet from its bases at Kronstadt and Reval.
If the Russian fleet joined with the Swedish and Danish fleets, the combined fleets would form a formidable force of up to 123 ships-of-the-line. The British fleet was under the command of Admiral Hyde Parker, with Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson as second-in-command. Frustrated by the delay, Nelson sent a letter to Captain Thomas Troubridge, a friend and a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty; this prompted the Earl of St Vincent to send a private note, which resulted in the fleet sailing from Yarmouth on 12 March. Orders were sent to Parker to go to Copenhagen and detach Denmark from the League by'amicable arrangement or by actual hostilities', to be followed by'an immediate and vigorous attack' on the Russians at Reval and Kronstadt; the British fleet reached the Skaw on 19 March, where they met a British diplomat, Nicholas Vansittart, who told them that the Danes had rejected an ultimatum. Although the Admiralty had instructed Parker to frustrate the League, by force if necessary, he was a cautious person and moved slowly.
He wanted to blockade the Baltic despite the danger of the combination of fleets. In the end Nelson was able to persuade Sir Hyde to attack the Danish fleet concentrated off Copenhagen. Promised naval support for the Danes from Karlskrona, in Sweden, did not arrive because of adverse winds; the Prussians had only minimal naval forces and could not assist. On 30 March, the British force passed through the narrows between Denmark and Sweden, sailing close to the Swedish coast to put themselves as far from the Danish guns as possible. Attacking the Danish fleet would have been difficult as Parker's delay in sailing had allowed the Danes to prepare their positions well. Most of the Danish ships were not fitted for sea but were moored along the shore with old ships, no longer fit for service at sea, but still powerfully armed, as a line of floating batteries off the eastern coast of the island of Amager, in front of the city in the King's Channel; the northern end of the line terminated at the Tre Kroner forts armed with 68 guns.
North of the fort, in the entrance to Copenhagen harbour, were two ships-of-the-line, a large frigate, two brigs, all rigged for sea, two more hulks. Batteries covered the water between the Danish line and the shore, further out to sea a large shoal, the Middle Ground, constricted the channel; the British had no reliable charts or pilots, so Captain Thomas Hardy spent most of the night of 31 March taking soundings in the channel up to the Danish line. So, the British ships were not able to locate the deepest part of the channel properly and so kept too far to seaward. Parker gave Nelson the twelve ships-of-the-line with the shallowest drafts, all the smaller ships in the fleet. Parker himself stayed to the north-east of the battle with the heavier ships – whose deeper drafts did not allow them to safely enter the channel – screening Nelson from possible external interference and moving towards Copenhagen to engage the northern defences. Nelson transferred his command from the large 98-gun HMS St George to the shallower 74-gun HMS Elephant for this reason.
On 30 March Nelson, his second-in-command, Rear Admiral Thomas Graves, accompanied by Captain Domett and the commanding officer of the troops, sai
Royal Danish Army
The Royal Danish Army is the land-based branch of the Danish Defence, together with the Danish Home Guard. For the last decade, the Royal Danish Army has undergone a massive transformation of structures and training methods, abandoning its traditional role of anti-invasion defence, instead focusing on out of area operations by, among other initiatives, reducing the size of the conscripted and reserve components and increasing the active component, changing from 60% support structure and 40% operational capability, to 60% combat operational capability and 40% support structure; when implemented, the Danish Army will be capable of deploying 1,500 troops permanently on three different continents continuously, or 5,000 troops for a shorter period of time, in international operations without any need for extraordinary measures such as parliamentary approval of a war funding bill. Founded in 1614, in the wake of the Kalmar War, the Royal Danish Army was designed to prevent conflicts and war, maintain Denmark's sovereignty and protect her interest.
With time, these goals have developed into encompassing the need to protect freedom and peaceful development in the world with respect for human rights. The Danish King remained commander in chief throughout the Early Modern period, in the Thirty Years' War, the Dano-Swedish War and the Scanian War, the Great Northern War, the Theatre War of 1789/9 and the Napoleonic Wars. In 1815, however, as a result of continued evolution and division of command, four general commands were created with the King as the supreme authority: Zealand and adjacent islands, Funen Langeland and the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. At the same time, the need for maintenance of the army in peacetime became pertinent, the Army Operational Command was established; the Royal Danish Army has been an integral part of the defence of Denmark and thus involved in warfare and battles continuously to protect her interests. Most notably various territorial wars with Sweden and Prussia, the Napoleonic Wars on the side of France, the Second World War and famously against the wishes of the Danish government, which had ordered immediate surrender to Germany.
In modern times the Royal Danish Army has become the backbone of Danish international missions, such as those in Kosovo and Afghanistan. The Royal Danish Army has been committed to a number of United Nations and NATO peacekeeping and unconventional warfare operations since becoming involved in the Yugoslav Wars under UN mandate in 1994, most notably in the famous Operation Bøllebank; the Royal Danish Army was engaged in the Kosovo War and continues to this day to maintain peacekeeping operations in Kosovo as part of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, together with the Danish Home Guard. Furthermore, the Royal Danish Army was involved in the War in Iraq from 2003-2007 with a significant contingent of soldiers responsible for creating and maintaining peace in the province of Basra, together with the British. Denmark lost its first soldier in Iraq on 17 August 2003: Preben Pedersen a 34-year-old Lance Corporal with the Jutland Dragoon Regiment became the first coalition soldier not from the United States or Britain to die in the Iraq War.
Starting in 2001, the Royal Danish Army has been involved in the War in Afghanistan. For the past few years, the Royal Danish Army and the British Army have been involved in heavy clashes with the Taliban in the Helmand Province, where about 760 Danish soldiers control a large battlegroup; the Danish army withdrew its combat forces from Afghanistan in May 2014. After the Afghan National Army took responsibility for the security in Afghanistan in 2015, the Danish Army, has provided training and security support as part of Resolute Support Mission. Following an escalating gang war in Copenhagen, in an effort to relieve police officers in Copenhagen and at the border control, Danish soldiers replaced police officers at different locations. Marking the first time in 86 years soldiers were used to keep order in cities; the structure of the Danish army changed in 2015, leaving Danish Division without brigades or support troops directly under its command. The two brigades have only command over combat battalions, as combat support and logistic support units are now grouped under various support centres.
1st Brigade consists of four combat battalions and is tasked with providing troops for international deployments. 2nd Brigade is tasked with the defence of the Danish territory. Support centres contain the army's combat support, combat logistic and general support units, in some cases perform tasks for the entire Danish defence structure: i.e. the Logistic Regiment, Army Logistics Centre and Defence Military Police Centre provides operational units for the army and overall logistic services to army and military police units and functions for all of the Danish defence establishment. Army Command in Karup Danish Division - Army Tactical Staff in Karup 1st Brigade in Holstebro HQ Battalion, The Signal Regiment I Armored Infantry Battalion, Gardehusarregimentet I Armored Infantry Battalion, Den Kongelige Livgarde II Armored Infantry Battalion, Jydske Dragonregiment 1st Danish Artillery Battalion 1st ISR Battalion 1st Armored Engineer Battalion 1st Logistic Battalion Military Police company 2nd Brigade in Slagelse I Armored Battalion, Jydske Dragonregiment III Reconnaissance Battalion, Gardehusarregimentet XIII Light Infantry Battalion, Slesvigske Fodregiment V Training Battalion, Jydske Dragonregiment V Training Battalion, Gardehusarregimentet Service branch regiments: D