Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Copenhagen Carnival is an annual carnival event taking place in Fælledparken and on the streets of Copenhagen, Denmark for three days during the Whitsun Holiday. Over the years it has developed into the largest Danish festival for World music with 120 bands, 2000 dancers and more than 100,000 spectators participating; the first carnival in Copenhagen was arranged in 1982 by the "Carnival in May" association and attracted 500 dancers and 60,000 spectators. The main venue of the carnival is Fælledparken with eight stages dedicated to various music genre. Apart from traditional samba and steelpan music, a number of other music styles are represented; the festival's main focus is world music but it features an "electronic carnival" programme at the electronics stage. The main Copenhagen Carnival Parade takes place on Saturday, moving from Kongens Nytorv to The City Hall Square along the pedestrian street Strøget; the day after, the parade is repeated in Fælledparken, leading up to the final evening of celebrations.
There is a special programme for children and young people with various workshops, performances and a separate parade. It took place in Rosenborg Castle Garden but has been moved to Fælledparken. Copenhagen Carnivals official web site
Aarhus International Jazz Festival
Aarhus International Jazz Festival is an eight-day jazz festival in Aarhus, Denmark. It is held every year in August or September; the festival performs at the Aarhus Concert Hall, as well as many different venues across the city. Many concerts are for free. Aarhus Jazz Festival has been awarded with the European Effe Label in 2017-2018; the 2018 festival was held from 14 to 21 July and the 2019 festival takes place from 13 to 20 July. Initiated in 1988 by Musikhuset and local venues, Aarhus Jazz Festival has been an annual summer event in the city since 1989; the festival is bent on featuring new talents in jazz as well as both international stars. From the beginning, the festival has featured many notable and world-renowned international jazz stars and bands such as Stan Getz, Dizzy Gillespie, Herbie Hancock, The Zawinul Syndicate, Clark Terry, Mike Stern and John Scofield - some of them several times - in a mix with more local notables such as John Tchicai, Jesper Thilo, Svend Asmussen, Ed Thigpen, Cæcilie Norby, Sinne Eeg, Marilyn Mazur, Pierre Dørge and Alex Riel.
The programme is quite broad in its musical choices including world renowned blues performers like B. B. King, Bonnie Raitt, John Mayall or Danish blues acts like Kenn Lendings Blues Band, Shades of Blue or The Blue Junction. Alternative musical styles with jazz-influences have been represented by artists such as Nitin Sawhney, Sting, Dr. John, Abdullah Ibrahim and The Roots in a mix with many local, new or unknown names; the festival has grown in the 2010s. From 2014 to 2017 when Aarhus was European Capital of Culture, Aarhus Jazz Festival turned its focus towards European jazz; the 2016 festival took a deliberate focus on the women in jazz, included international female artists like Melody Gardot, Sarah McKenzie and Lizz Wright and that years poster featured Hiromi Uehara. Both the 2016 and 2017 festivals were expanded to last 10 days and included world music concerts in addition to the more rigid jazz programme. Stan Getz was the first international artist to play at Aarhus Jazz festival in 1989 and as a homage, the 2018 festival played his music at several concerts.
Graphic designer Finn Nygaard, himself from Aarhus and a lover of jazz music, has created many of the festival posters. He received design awards for these posters in 1990, 1991, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002. Aarhus Jazz Festival Aarhus Jazz Festival Association. Official homepage in English. Mark Sabbatini: The 2005 Aarhus International Jazz Festival All About Jazz. Retrieved on 5 August 2014. A review. Sommerens jazzfestivaler i Danmark Jazz Denmark. Short reviews of Danish jazz festivals in the summer; the Ultimate Guide to jazz festivals in Europe jazzfests.net
Aalborg Carnival is the name for the annual cultural event carnival in the city of Aalborg – the fourth largest city in Denmark. The carnival is the largest carnival in Scandinavia; the Aalborg Carnival stands for a week and has 3 main carnival events: The Grand Parade, Battle of Carnival Bands and Children’s Carnival. The carnival week is for everyone – both professional carnival groups and everybody who wants to act on his or her instincts and create their own costume and join the celebration of life; the Grand Parade is a carnival event that attracts about 100,000 people to the streets of Aalborg each year. About 15 professional carnival groups from all over the world open the parade and following them are thousands of people dressed out and celebrating life; the parade begins 4 different places in Aalborg. The different parts meet up downtown Aalborg and form one parade continuing to the city park Kildeparken. Here the Carnival Party continues for the rest of the day and the people can listen to live music, see carnival shows and much more.
Earlier there was an international carnival celebration called Battle of Carnival Bands the day before the Grand Parade. Since around 2008 it has name World of Carnival; every year lots of interesting carnival groups from all over the world travel to Aalborg to participate in this event. The children have their own carnival as several thousands of children of all ages dress up and march through the streets of Aalborg with their parents. During this special day the city park, Kildeparken is transformed into a magic world filled with experiences and thrills for the children. Kirsti Thorvaldsen, Ebbe Lauridsen, Kaj Steensgård and Bramwell Flyckt are the founders of the Carnival in Aalborg. In 1983, they organised the first carnival in Aalborg and in this context established the association, Aalborg Carnival. Bramwell Flyckt was elected chairman of the ginger group, his intention was to celebrate fantasy and the coming of spring through carnival traditions: a transformation of the city into a gigantic theatre with the citizens as actors, the street as the stage and the body as a dancing sculpture.
Thus, in 1983, the Carnival Association was established as a grass-root organisation, the first Carnival in Aalborg was held in the centre of Aalborg on May 28, 1983. The carnival parade consisted of 5-10,000 participants. Since 1986, the association has had a secretariat to their disposal, which acts as an employment project; the secretariat, which collaborates with the board members and volunteers coordinates all of the association's events. After the carnival in 1987, the association found itself in a crisis. Parts of the board did not wish to continue the work and the number of members decreased. On behalf of the general assembly, Carl Anton Christensen and Bramwell Flyckt were granted authority to develop a new model for the carnival that should rely on the assistance of NFU -'Nordjyske Fritids og Ungdomsklubber'. NFU decided to contribute with considerable manpower to the board's work. Thus, the Carnival Association rose again. Carnival in Aalborg was held in the centre of Aalborg. Due to the lack of safety in the centre and a substantial decrease in revenues, the board decided to move the event to the nearby park, Kildeparken.
Every year, Carnival in Aalborg presents a different carnival theme, which lays down the guidelines for the carnival in question and opens up for a broad variety of costumes. The theme serves as a source of inspiration for the participants, but is not a demand - all costumes are welcome. Themes throughout the years: 2018: By land and air 2017: The world is full of... 2016: Once upon a time... 2015: Taboo 2014: Trends of the time 2013: Angels and Demons 2012: The World Upside Down 2011: Sexzoological Zoo 2010: Mars and Venus. 2009: La Dolce Vita - The sweet life. 2008: Magic in the air. 2007: Masquerade. 2006: Exotic - Erotic. 2005: The Shepherdess and the Chimney Sweep -and other Fairytales. 2004: Atlantic. 2003: Trends, trans & traditions. 2002: Reflection. 2001: Faith, Hope & Honesty. 2000: New Horizon. 1999: Where the Rainbow Ends. 1998: Mother Sea. 1997: Satire & Satyrs. 1996: East of the Sun and West of the Moon. 1995: Fertility and Colour. 1994: Nordic for 1000 years. 1993: Nordic for 1000 years. 1992: Mask and Music.
Since the start of the Aalborg Carnival, an annual carnival poster has been produced. Most years, the carnival poster has been found through a contest between both professional and amateur artists; every year, the carnival poster is exhibited in any different places all over North Jutland and is seen by thousands of people during the Carnival time. Every year when the sun regains its strength and the vernal equinox promises that spring is coming, the pageant Carrus Navalis moves through the streets of Aalborg keeping an ancient tradition alive; the Carrus Navalis parade in Aalborg is inspired by ancient pagan traditions and serves as a proclamation of spring and fertility - and the start of a new carnival season. The pageant is composed of symbols and represents a part of an extensive carnival tradition that praises light’s triumph over darkness; the pageant is led by mask dancers and men with bells who chase away darkness and evil spirits. Behind this first part of the pageant, the boat, Carrus Navalis, is drawn accompanied by both a captain and his sailors - all of them giving landlubbers a hard time!
Behind the boat a ploughman and a pair of yoke prepare the earth for sowing and the sowing man lays the seed so that new life can begin to grow. Nothing grows without the sun, the sun is paid t
Smukfest is an annual music festival, held during the second weekend of August in Denmark. Its location, in a beech forest in the vicinity of Skanderborg, has given rise to the slogan "Denmarks' Most Beautiful Festival"; the festival covers many styles of music, such as rock, folk, heavy metal, hip-hop and electronic. The festival focuses on Danish music, but with some big names from other countries e.g. Britney Spears, Eric Clapton, Pet Shop Boys, Ozzy Osbourne, Tom Jones, Fat Boy Slim, Blood Hound Gang and many more; the first festival was held in 1980, was a one-day event with 7 bands and about 600 spectators. The festival has a mascot called "Waltidur Festismuk Kærligkys Ølimund Rockilund Trold", born in 1579, thus the festival was born on Waltidurs 400th birthday. In 2009, Skanderborg Festival was held for the 30th time and is today the second largest festival in Denmark, after the Roskilde Festival; the festival gathered more than 50,000 people for the concerts, including 8,500 workers, most of them volunteers and has reached the current site's maximum capacity.
The festival is getting popular and all 40.000+ tickets for the 2017 festival was sold in less than 5 hours. The festival has 4 stages: Bøgescenerne / The Main Stages P3-teltet Stjerne-scenen Sherwood-scenen The festival main stage consist of two stages and is called "Bøgescenerne". Media related to Skanderborg Festival at Wikimedia Commons Smukfest Official Website of Smukfest
The Roskilde Festival is a Danish music festival held annually south of Roskilde. It is one of the largest in Northern Europe, it was created in 1971 by two high school students, Mogens Sandfær and Jesper Switzer Møller, promoter Carl Fischer. In 1972, the festival was taken over by the Roskilde Foundation, which has since run the festival as a non-profit organization for development and support of music and humanism. In 2014, the Roskilde Foundation provided festival participants with the opportunity to nominate and vote upon which organizations should receive funds raised by the festival; the Roskilde Festival was Denmark's first music-oriented festival created for hippies, today covers more of the mainstream youth from Scandinavia and the rest of Europe. The Roskilde Festival 2013 had more than 180 performing bands and was attended by some 130,000 festivalgoers, along with more than 21,000 volunteers, 5,000 media people and 3,000 artists – totalling 160,000 people who participated in the festival.
Until the mid-1990s, the festival attracted Scandinavians, but in recent years it has become more and more international. The first Roskilde Festival was held on 28 and 29 August 1971 named the Sound Festival, it was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Isle of Wight and Woodstock. It was characterized by poor management but great enthusiasm; the festival's inaugural year saw 20 bands ranging from folk, jazz and pop genres all playing on a single stage, which lasted for two days with some 10,000 visitors per day. In 1978, festival organizers acquired the Canopy Scene, an orange musical stage used by The Rolling Stones on a European tour. Since its beginning, the Canopy Scene and its characteristic arches have become a well-known symbol and logo representing the festival. In the 1990s, electronic music was introduced to the festival. In 1991, Club Roskilde was held, an electronic music dance club held in the evenings. In 1995, electronic music artists received their own stage. In the following years more room for electronic music was created by the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge.
Since artists like Fatboy Slim, The Prodigy, Basement Jaxx and Chemical Brothers appeared on the main stage. By the 1990s, the number of tickets offered for sale was restricted and even reduced. Due to increasing popularity of the festival, the number of visitors had increased to up to 125,000. In addition, 90,000 tickets for about 25,000 volunteers, 5,000 media people and 3,000 artists were added. In order to preserve the quality of the festival, the festival organizers decided to limit the number of participants; the distance from the rearmost part of the camping area to the stages of the festival management seemed to have become unreasonable. The festival had become so popular that the festival management decided in 1994 to expand the festival area to the west; the festival site was now on divided by the railway line into two parts. In 1996 the festival had its own station. In 1997, another tent called; the bands presented at Roskilde Festival are traditionally a balanced mix of large, well-known artists, cutting-edge artists from all contemporary genres, popular crowd-pleasing acts plus local Scandinavian headliners and up-and-coming names.
The stages were until 2003 named after their colour, but as the names had not matched the actual color of the tents for a period, it was decided to rename all stages except the Orange Stage, the central and main stage. The Orange Stage is open in front of a huge field, whereas the other tents cover the whole audience, the largest of, the Arena stage, the largest tent in Europe with an official capacity of 17,000 people; the 2007 edition saw two new tents, replacing Ballroom which presented World music, Metropol which presented Electronica. In 2010 two stages and Lounge, did not return, due to a slight shift in focus towards fewer, but bigger bands. In 2014 the Odeon stage was cancelled along with the surrounding sustainable-style food outlets, the area was replaced with pre-booked tents for festival guests that prefer not to bring their own; the music covers such styles as rock, Hip Hop, urban, electronica and 3rd world contemporary music. It has become a tradition to let a Danish act open the Orange Stage on the first day of the festival.
There are surprising performances by classical acts, film-music, opera etc. Apart from music there is always ` lone acts' wandering around the festival site. Terrain and tents are always decorated in various ways; the current tents are: The festival campsite covers nearly 80 hectares and access to it is included in the ticket price. It opens on Sunday morning prior to the festival itself. Apart from the small and separate Camping South it is divided into two areas and West, each comprising a service center with establishments ranging from food stalls to a cinema; the campsite is further divided into'agoras' that provide toilets, cell phone charging and luggage storage. They host events according to each agora's theme: dance, swim etc. Over the most recent years, the opening of the campsite has turned into an event of its own. Thousands of people arrive during Saturday, to wait in the queue until 16:00 that afternoon when the gates to the campsite ope
Brabrand is a postal district of Aarhus Municipality, Denmark. South of Brabrand, in the Aarhus river-valley, is the largest recreational area of Aarhus Municipality, comprising the Brabrand Lake and the meadow-lake of Årslev, with surrounding natural sites. Brabrand was a village 6–9 km west of Aarhus, founded in the 18th century, by clearing the land by forest burning, its economy was based on farming and associated trades; the village became a suburb of Aarhus in 1970 and has now merged with the city. The district of Brabrand is located outside the ring road of Ring 2 and comprise four distinct areas: The old town in the south by the lake made up of single-family houses. A modern housing area in the west, with a mix of single-family houses and low multi-family houses. An industrial park around the road of Edwin Rahrs Vej in the north, the modernist suburban residential area of Gellerup in the east; the more affluent western part of Brabrand was expanded in 2005, with the new residential area of Helenelyst further west.
Helenelyst is a mix of modern one-family houses, two-family houses, 3 story houses, built to accommodate richer middle-class families. The neighbourhood of Gellerup stands out as an architectural example of the former urban development style, built around several Danish cities in the 1960s. Gellerup is known as a multinational district, where the Middle East is represented exemplified in the big middle-eastern inspired shopping mall of Bazar Vest. In the southeast of Gellerup, next to the busy Silkeborg Highway, is the shopping mall of CityVest, one of the largest in Denmark. Along with the retail and service sectors, a number of multi-national companies have a presence in Brabrand. Brabrand is home to several natural and recreational sites, attracting citizens from all over Aarhus; this includes the Brabrand Lake and the Årslev meadow-lake in the south, connected with the city centre of Aarhus by the pathway of Brabrandstien. Brabrand has several important sports facilities, such as the rowing stadium at the Brabrand Lake, the new sports and community centre of Globus1 at Gellerup, opportunities for mountainbiking, green exercise and motocross in Skjoldhøjkilen, in addition to many small-scale regular sports facilities like tennis courts, soccer fields, a swimminghall and martial arts clubs, etc..
Brabrand houses one of the few remaining dolmens in the greater Aarhus area. Most of the dolmens in Aarhus, have been demolished long time ago, but what is left is now regarded as special relics of the past to be protected and valued in the landscape, wherever they might be located; the dolmen is called Årslev Dyssen and is dated to have been constructed in the Stone Age, when the first agricultural societies emerged in Scandinavia around 6,000 years ago. Until 1822, there was a stone-coffin across the road of this dolmen, but it was demolished after a somewhat "scientific" excavation, led by Colonel Høegh Guldberg. 700 m to the east of The Årslev Dolmen, there was another dolmen. It was removed for an unknown reason at some point in the 1880s; the history surrounding Årslev Dyssen might be more impressive than its looks. The dolmen grounds are owned by the auto company next to it, but publicly accessible. Nature and green spaces Culture and structures Other postal districts of Aarhus includes: Viby J Højbjerg Aarhus V Arhus N Aarhus C