Yorvit Adolfo Torrealba is a Venezuelan former professional baseball catcher. He played in Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants, Seattle Mariners, Colorado Rockies, San Diego Padres, Texas Rangers, Toronto Blue Jays and Milwaukee Brewers, he throws right-handed. Torrealba signed with the San Francisco Giants as a minor league free agent on September 14, 1994, he made his major league debut with the Giants on September 2001 as a September call up. Torrealba became. During Torrealba's early career, his defensive abilities were his key strength his ability to throw out baserunners, he had 136 at-bats in 2001 and 200 in 2002. During the 2002 postseason, Torrealba would still serve as the backup catcher although he made no appearances as the Giants lost the 2002 World Series to the Anaheim Angels. Yorvit showed some potential, but when Benito Santiago left via free agency in 2003, the Giants opted to trade for A. J. Pierzynski rather than test Torrealba as a full-time player, he continued to serve as the backup catcher when the Giants signed Mike Matheny prior to the 2005 season.
Torrealba expressed frustration over his lack of playing time to the media more than once, saying he believed he was capable of playing every day. Manager Felipe Alou publicly discussed the possibility of converting Torrealba into a utility player to get him more playing time, but that never came to pass. Torrealba was traded, along with pitcher Jesse Foppert, to the Seattle Mariners for outfielder Randy Winn at the trading deadline of the 2005 season; the Mariners were in the midst of a 93-loss season and were rebuilding, Torrealba competed for the opportunity to be Seattle's starting catcher. After the 2005 season, the Seattle Mariners traded Torrealba to the Colorado Rockies for Marcos Carvajal after signing Kenji Johjima to be their starting catcher. With the Rockies, Torrealba had a chance to be the starting catcher, but lost the job after he was injured prior to the 2006 season, establishing Danny Ardoin as the Rockies starting catcher. Torrealba's injury was a lingering shoulder injury, caused by overtraining.
During November 2007, rumors that Torrealba would sign with the Mets intensified. Torrealba and the Mets agreed on a deal for $14.4 million over three years. The deal had seemed to be done, but with the failing of Yorvit's physical he was never sent to New York. Torrealba would file a grievance against the Mets. On November 29, 2007, he re-signed with the Rockies. Torrealba began the 2007 season for the Rockies platooning with rookie catcher Chris Iannetta; when Iannetta struggled, Torrealba won the starting job. On May 29, 2007, against the St. Louis Cardinals, Torrealba hit the 3rd of his career, he finished the season with a.255 average and 47 RBIs in 396 at-bats and he threw out only 17 percent of potential base-stealers, down from his success in previous seasons. Torrealba had some big hits for the Rockies during late 2007, when the Rockies won 12 of their last 13 to force a one-game playoff against the San Diego Padres, which the Rockies won. Torrealba homered off Jake Peavy in that game. Torrealba hit a 3-run home run off of former teammate Liván Hernández in Game 3 of the 2007 National League Championship Series.
Torrealba led the Rockies to the World Series for the first time but lost the series to the Boston Red Sox in a 4-game sweep. Through the 2007 season, Torrealba posted a career.251 batting average with 30 home runs and 173 RBIs in 440 games. As a catcher, he compiled a.997 fielding average with only seventeen errors in 2587 chances. He has thrown out over 32% of all baserunners attempting to steal, his ability to throw out runners was a career low 19.7% in 2007. Due to his impressive postseason play, Torrealba has been dubbed "Mr. Rocktober."Torrealba has an unusual throwing motion, as he brings his hand to earside and snaps his arm in a quick motion, although it seems to work for him with his success at throwing out baserunners. On November 6, 2009, the Rockies decided to go with youngster Chris Iannetta as their primary catcher and declined their 2010 contract option with Torrealba, making him a free agent. On February 9, 2010, Torrealba and the San Diego Padres signed a one-year contract with a mutual option for a second year.
In 2010, he batted.271, led the league's catchers in fielding percentage, at.996. Following the season, Torrealba declined the option, but was offered arbitration by the Padres. Torrealba agreed to a two-year contract with the Texas Rangers for $6.25 million. Torrealba homered in his second game with his new team. In 2011, he batted.273 with 7 home runs. On defense, he was third in the league in errors by a catcher, totalling 9 errors. Torrealba led the Rangers into the postseason until the team lost the 2011 World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals. On July 30, 2012, Torrealba was designated for assignment by the Texas Rangers He was released on August 8, 2012. Torrealba signed a minor league contract with the Toronto Blue Jays on August 14, 2012 and reported to the New Hampshire Fisher Cats. Torrealba was added to the 40 man roster and called up to the Blue Jays on August 21. On August 22, Torrealba played first base for the first time in his career. On September 21, 2012, Torrealba was traded to the Milwaukee Brewers for cash considerations or a player to be named later.
He ended up going 0-for-5 at the plate with one walk. He signed a minor league contract with the Colorado Rockies on January 24, 2013. In 61 games, Torrealba batted.240 and ha
Texarkana College is a community college located in Texarkana, Texas. It is the alma mater of Ross Perot among others. Texarkana College was formed in 1927, as a branch of the Texarkana Independent School District, which voted to proceed with plans for establishment of a community college, its first building was located at the corner of 16th and Pine Streets, contained classrooms, a gymnasium, the latter two of which were used by both the college and the high school. In 1941, the citizens of Texarkana voted to create a separate Texarkana College District, complete with approval of a $20 mill property tax to fund the District. However, the local school board and the district's Board of Regents would comprise the same individuals until 1957, when the two boards voted to separate. After a successful bond issue in 1948, the College purchased 20 acres at its present location, moved there in October 1951. In 1971, Texarkana College and East Texas State University joined to offer upper-level and graduate courses on the Texarkana College campus, whereby Texarkana College students could obtain Bachelor's and Master's degrees without leaving Texarkana.
In 1976, Texarkana College deeded 3.8 acres to ETSU to build an administration building. The ETSU-Texarkana campus would become a separately accredited institution and is today's Texas A&M University-Texarkana, would relocate to a separate facility; the Seal of Texarkana College was designed by former instructor Richmond White. Encircling the star of Texas is the live oak branch symbolizing strength and grandeur and the laurel branch representing honor and peace; the year of 1927 is written above the star of Texas to represent the year that Texarkana College was established. Texarkana College is located in the northeast border of Texarkana, Texas, at the junction of Robison and Tucker streets, one mile south of Interstate 30. Past presidents of Texarkana College include Dr. Henry W. Stilwell, Dr. W. H. Hinton, William P. Akin, Dr. J. W. Cady, Dr. Carl M. Nelson, Frank Coleman, Dr. Alan Rasco. President - Mr. Kyle Davis Vice President - Mr. Terry Taylor Secretary - Mrs. Jane Daines Mr. Ken Reese Mrs. Anne Farris Mr. Ernie Cochran Mrs. Kaye Ellison Mr. George Moore Associate Degree Nursing Emergency Medical Technology Pharmacy Technician Vocational Nursing Concentration in Fine & Studio Arts Concentration in Business Administration Concentration in Child Development Concentration in Criminal Justice Administration Concentration in Drama Concentration in Foreign Language Concentration in General Studies Concentration in Government Concentration in History Concentration in Journalism Concentration in Music Concentration in Social Science Studies Concentration in Behavioral Science Concentration in Biology Concentration in Chemistry Concentration in Computer Technology Concentration in Drug & Alcohol Abuse Counseling Concentration in Engineering Concentration in Mathematics Concentration in Physics Air Conditioning/Heating & Refrigeration Technology Automotive Careers Construction Technology Cosmetology Culinary Arts Diesel Technology Electronics Technology Electronics Technology/ Instrumentation Industrial Maintenance/ Multi-craft Office Careers Welding Certified Nurse Aide Church Music Certificate CPR/BLS/First Aid Healthcare Professions Seminars and Training Fire Academy Professional Driving Academy Baptist Student Ministries Black Student Association Blue Jackets Cosmetology Club Criminal Justice Club Cultural Awareness Student Association Debate League Developmental Students Club Earth Club Fencing Club Future Chefs Association Journalism Club Phi Beta Lambda Phi Theta Kappa Road Scholars Student Government TC3 Club TC Players TC Student Nursing Association TC Together Club TC Veterans Association 21st Century Democrats Young Republicans In 2012, Texarkana College had to shut down its athletic teams because of a financial crisis.
The college teams were known as the Bulldogs. A notable alumnus of Texarkana College is businessman and politician H. Ross Perot serving as President of the Student Council. Hunter Pence is a baseball player for the San Francisco Giants and the Houston Astros and Philadelphia Phillies. Tracy Lawrence, a famous country singer attended TC. Texarkana College College Board: Texarkana College Texas A&M University-Texarkana
In baseball, a home run is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process. In modern baseball, the feat is achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles without first touching the ground, resulting in an automatic home run. There is the "inside-the-park" home run where the batter reaches home safely while the baseball is in play on the field; when a home run is scored, the batter is credited with a hit and a run scored, an RBI for each runner that scores, including himself. The pitcher is recorded as having given up a hit, a run for each runner that scores including the batter. Home runs are among the most popular aspects of baseball and, as a result, prolific home run hitters are the most popular among fans and the highest paid by teams—hence the old saying, "Home run hitters drive Cadillacs, singles hitters drive Fords.
In modern times a home run is most scored when the ball is hit over the outfield wall between the foul poles before it touches the ground, without being caught or deflected back onto the field by a fielder. A batted ball is a home run if it touches either foul pole or its attached screen before touching the ground, as the foul poles are by definition in fair territory. Additionally, many major-league ballparks have ground rules stating that a batted ball in flight that strikes a specified location or fixed object is a home run. In professional baseball, a batted ball that goes over the outfield wall after touching the ground becomes an automatic double; this is colloquially referred to as a "ground rule double" because the rule is not written into the rules of baseball, but is rather a rule of the field being used. A fielder is allowed to reach over the wall to attempt to catch the ball as long as his feet are on or over the field during the attempt, if the fielder catches the ball while it is in flight the batter is out if the ball had passed the vertical plane of the wall.
However, since the fielder is not part of the field, a ball that bounces off a fielder and over the wall without touching the ground is still a home run. A fielder may not deliberately throw his glove, cap, or any other equipment or apparel to stop or deflect a fair ball, an umpire may award a home run to the batter if a fielder does so on a ball that, in the umpire's judgment, would have otherwise been a home run. A home run accomplished in any of the above manners is an automatic home run; the ball is dead if it rebounds back onto the field, the batter and any preceding runners cannot be put out at any time while running the bases. However, if one or more runners fail to touch a base or one runner passes another before reaching home plate, that runner or runners can be called out on appeal, though in the case of not touching a base a runner can go back and touch it if doing so won't cause them to be passed by another preceding runner and they have not yet touched the next base; this stipulation is in Approved Ruling of Rule 7.10.
An inside-the-park home run occurs when a batter hits the ball into play and is able to circle the bases before the fielders can put him out. Unlike with an outside-the-park home run, the batter-runner and all preceding runners are liable to be put out by the defensive team at any time while running the bases; this can only happen. In the early days of baseball, outfields were much more spacious, reducing the likelihood of an over-the-fence home run, while increasing the likelihood of an inside-the-park home run, as a ball getting past an outfielder had more distance that it could roll before a fielder could track it down. Modern outfields are much less spacious and more uniformly designed than in the game's early days, therefore inside-the-park home runs are now a rarity, they occur when a fast runner hits the ball deep into the outfield and the ball bounces in an unexpected direction away from the nearest outfielder, or an outfielder misjudges the flight of the ball in a way that he cannot recover from the mistake.
The speed of the runner is crucial as triples are rare in most modern ballparks. If any defensive play on an inside-the-park home run is labeled an error by the official scorer, a home run is not scored. All runs scored on such a play, still count. An example of an unexpected bounce occurred during the 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game at AT&T Park in San Francisco on July 10, 2007. Ichiro Suzuki of the American League team hit a fly ball that caromed off the right-center field wall in the opposite direction from where National League right fielder Ken Griffey, Jr. was expecting it to go. By the time the ball was relayed, Ichiro had crossed the plate standing up; this was the first inside-the-park home run in All-Star Game history, led to Suzu
In baseball, an at bat or time at bat is a batter's turn batting against a pitcher. An at bat is different from a plate appearance. A batter is credited with a plate appearance regardless of what happens during his turn at bat, but a batter is credited with an at bat only if that plate appearance does not have one of the results enumerated below. While at bats are used to calculate certain statistics, including batting average and slugging percentage, a player can qualify for the season-ending rankings in these categories only if he accumulates 502 plate appearances during the season. A batter will not receive credit for an at bat if his plate appearance ends under the following circumstances: He receives a base on balls, he is hit by a pitch. He hits a sacrifice bunt, he is awarded first base due to interference or obstruction by the catcher. He is replaced by another hitter before his at bat is completed, in which case the plate appearance and any related statistics go to the pinch hitter. In addition, if the inning ends while he is still at bat, no at bat or plate appearance will result.
In this case, the batter will come to bat again in the next inning, though the count will be reset to no balls and no strikes. Rule 9.02 of the official rules of Major League Baseball defines an at bat as: "Number of times batted, except that no time at bat shall be charged when a player: hits a sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly. The American League record is held by Carl Yastrzemski, whose 11,988 career at bats were all in the AL; the single season record is held by Jimmy Rollins, who had 716 at bats in 2007. 14 players share the single game record of 11 at bats in a single game, all of which were extra inning games. In games of 9 innings or fewer, the record has occurred more than 200 times; the team record for most at bats in a single season is 5,781 by the 1997 Boston Red Sox. "At bat", "up", "up at bat", "at the plate" are all phrases describing a batter, facing the pitcher. Note that just because a player is described as being "at bat" in this sense, he will not be given an at bat in his statistics.
This ambiguous terminology is clarified by context. To refer explicitly to the technical meaning of "at bat" described above, the term "official at bat" is sometimes used. Official Baseball Rule 5.06 provides that " batter has completed his time at bat when he is put out or becomes a runner". The "time at bat" defined in this rule is more referred to as a plate appearance, the playing rules uses the phrase "time at bat" in this sense. In contrast, the scoring rules use the phrase "time at bat" to refer to the statistic at bat, defined in Rule 9.02, but sometimes uses the phrase "official time at bat" or refers back to Rule 9.02 when mentioning the statistic. The phrase "plate appearance" is used in Rules 9.22 and 9.23 dealing with batting titles and hitting streaks, but is not defined anywhere in the rulebook. Batting order At bats with runners in scoring position
Catcher is a position for a baseball or softball player. When a batter takes his/her turn to hit, the catcher crouches behind home plate, in front of the umpire, receives the ball from the pitcher. In addition to this primary duty, the catcher is called upon to master many other skills in order to field the position well; the role of the catcher is similar to that of the wicket-keeper in cricket. Positioned behind home plate, the catcher can see the whole field, is therefore in the best position to direct and lead the other players in a defensive play; the catcher calls for pitches using hand signals. The calls are based on the pitcher's mechanics and strengths, as well as the batter's tendencies and weaknesses. Foul tips, bouncing balls in the dirt, contact with runners during plays at the plate are all events to be handled by the catcher, necessitating the use of protective equipment; this includes a mask and throat protectors, shin guards, a padded catcher's mitt. Because the position requires a comprehensive understanding of the game's strategies, the pool of former catchers yields a disproportionate number of managers in both Major League Baseball and Minor League Baseball, including such prominent examples as Connie Mack, Steve O'Neill, Al López, Mike Scioscia, Joe Girardi, Joe Torre.
The physical and mental demands of being involved on every defensive play can wear catchers down over a long season, can have a negative effect on their offensive output. Because of the strategic defensive importance of catching, if a catcher has exceptional defensive skills, teams are willing to overlook their relative offensive weaknesses. A knowledgeable catcher's ability to work with the pitcher, via pitch selection and location, can diminish the effectiveness of the opposing team's offense. Many great defensive catchers toiled in relative anonymity, because they did not produce large offensive numbers. Notable examples of light-hitting, defensive specialists were Ray Schalk, Jim Hegan, Jim Sundberg and Brad Ausmus. Schalk's career batting average of.253 is the lowest of any position player in the Baseball Hall of Fame. That he was selected for enshrinement in 1955 was a tribute to his outstanding defensive skills. Catchers are able to play first base and less third base. In the numbering system used to record baseball plays, the catcher is assigned the number'2'.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, the game of baseball began to evolve from a sport played by amateurs for recreation into a more serious game played by professionals. One of the most dramatic changes was the transition of the pitcher's delivery from an underhand motion to an overhanded throw. Before the American Civil War, the pitcher's role was to initiate the action by offering an underhanded throw to the batter, in much the same way that a basketball referee offers up a jump ball to begin play. Since this type of pitching caused the batter to hit lazy, foul pop-ups, catchers played their position twenty to twenty-five feet behind the batter, wore no protective equipment; as the game progressed towards professionals and became more serious, pitchers began to attempt to prevent the batter from hitting the ball by throwing faster pitches. With the introduction of the called strike in 1858, catchers began inching closer to home plate due to the rules requirement that a strikeout could only be completed by a catch.
The rules governing the delivery of pitches proved to be hard to enforce, pitchers continued to stretch the boundaries of the rules until the 1870s when the release point of pitches had reached the pitcher's waist level. Pitchers had begun throwing overhand by 1884, the National League made a rule change removing all restrictions on the pitcher's delivery; these developments meant that catchers began to take on a crucial defensive role, as a pitcher's deceptive deliveries could only be effective if the catcher was capable of fielding them. The progression of the catcher positioning himself closer to the plate would lead to changes in pitching deliveries that would revolutionize the sport. In the 1870s, pitcher Candy Cummings was able to introduce the curveball because his catcher, Nat Hicks, fielded his position in close proximity to home plate and was able to catch the deceptive pitch. Other specialized pitches such as the spitball and the knuckleball followed, which further emphasized the defensive importance of the catcher's position.
At about the same time that catchers began fielding their position closer to home plate, baseball teams began using a less rubbery ball which led to a decline in the number of runs scored. In the 1860s it sixty runs in a game; the combination of the new, harder ball and the continuation of the rise in pitcher's release points helped usher in what became known as the Dead-ball era. The decrease in run production placed greater significance on stolen bases and bunts, which in turn emphasized the crucial defensive role played by catchers. In 1901, the National League introduced a new rule specifying that the catcher must stand within 10 feet of home plate; the American League adopted the rule the following year. The rising velocity of pitches in conjunction with catchers moving closer to home plate increased the risk of injuries for catchers face and hand injuries. By the late 1870s, catchers began to use padded, fingerless gloves to protect their hands, in 1877 the first protective catcher's mask was used.
The first catchers to use protective masks sometimes had their courage called into question, but the effectiveness of the masks in preventing injuries meant that they became accepted. In the 1880s, the first padded chest protectors came into use, in 18
The Huntsville Stars were a minor league baseball team of the Southern League, which served as the Double-A affiliate of Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics from 1985 to 1998 and Milwaukee Brewers from 1999 to 2014. The franchise was located in Huntsville and named for the space industry with which Huntsville is economically tied; the Stars played their home games at Joe W. Davis Stadium, named after the former mayor of Huntsville; the Stars won the Southern League championship in 1985 and 1994 as the Double-A affiliate of the Athletics, in 2001 with the Brewers. In January 2014, the Stars were sold to an ownership group, which relocated the team to Biloxi, Mississippi in November 2014, upon which the team became known as the Biloxi Shuckers; the Shuckers played a few home games in Huntsville in 2015 while their new ballpark in Biloxi was being completed. The Shuckers did not retain the Stars' history, opting to act as a newly established franchise; the Stars came to Huntsville by way of Evansville and Nashville, Tennessee.
In July 1984, Larry Schmittou, majority owner of the Double-A Southern League's Nashville Sounds, country music singer Conway Twitty, a minority owner of the Sounds, purchased the Evansville Triplets of the Triple-A American Association. After the 1984 season, Schmittou moved the Triplets franchise to Nashville, where it would adopt the Sounds' name and history elevating the Sounds organization to Triple-A and leaving Nashville's existing Southern League franchise without a home. Schmittou considered moving the Double-A team to Evansville, but city leaders declined necessary improvements to the aging Bosse Field; the City of Huntsville, led by Mayor Joe W. Davis, agreed to build a brand new 10,000-seat multipurpose stadium which lured the franchise to town, where it began play in 1985 as the Huntsville Stars, still under Schmittou's ownership; the Triplets' legacy was retired, the Stars began with a clean history, much like an altogether-new franchise. The Stars began play in the Southern League as the Double-A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics with Don Mincher as the team's General Manager.
Mincher, a Huntsville native and 12-year veteran of the Major Leagues, guided the franchise through its infancy as they won the Southern League Championship in their first season. The Stars won the league championship by defeating the Charlotte Knights three games to two. Future superstar José Canseco was the MVP of the league that year. Terry Steinbach won the MVP award in 1986 solidifying the base of the A's Championship teams of the late 1980s; that same season, the Stars met the Columbus Astros in the championship series, losing the series two games to three. In 1994, Mincher and a group of local investors purchased the team from Schmittou to keep baseball in Huntsville; the Stars once again won the Southern League title that season. Led by Ernie Young, the Stars swept the Chattanooga Lookouts to win the Western Division defeated the Carolina Mudcats three games to one to take the title. In 1997, the Stars made another appearance in the league championship series losing to the Greenville Braves three games to two.
Following the 1998 season, the Stars and A's parted ways and the Milwaukee Brewers came to town as the new Stars affiliate. Long regarded as having one of the best Minor League systems around, the Brewers struggled through management changes but still managed to give the Stars their third Southern League title in 2001. With the help of all-time Stars home run leader Josh Klimek, the Stars made the playoffs and went on to defeat their rivals, the Birmingham Barons, in the fifth game of the series for the Western Division crown; the Stars would face the Jacksonville Suns, who dominated the Eastern Division winning both halves and the first round, but due to the September 11 attacks, the championship series was cancelled and the Stars and Suns were declared co-champions. In 2000, Mincher became the Interim President of the Southern League when League President Arnold Fielkow left for the NFL. At the conclusion of the 2000 season and his group put the Stars up for sale once again, he resigned from his position as President of the Stars and the Southern League removed the "interim" tag to make him league president for 2001.
Pulling double duty until the team was sold, Mincher desired to keep the Stars in Huntsville. The group waded through countless offers to buy the Stars looking to find the right investors who would commit to keeping the team in the Tennessee Valley. Early in 2001, Mincher found his man in New York attorney Miles Prentice who owns the Double-A Texas League Midland RockHounds, serves as a Director for the Texas League, is the Chairman of the Board of Trustees for Minor League Baseball. Prentice promised to keep the team in Huntsville despite several offers for new stadiums in various locales. In 2003, the Stars played against the Carolina Mudcats in the Southern League championship series where they lost three games to two, they made another championship attempt in 2006, losing three games to two against the Montgomery Biscuits. In 2007, Stars manager Don Money was named the Southern League's Manager of the Year as voted upon by the league's field managers, radio broadcasters, print media. In 2007, the team captured its division title and went on to the SL championship series where they lost to Montgomery, three games to two.
To start the 2008 season, the Stars set a new team record for best start, by sweeping their first series with the Mississippi Braves 5 games to nothing to start the season 5–0. On April 26, 2008, the Stars turned their second
Tampa Bay Rays
The Tampa Bay Rays are an American professional baseball team based in St. Petersburg, Florida; the Rays compete in Major League Baseball as a member of the American League East division. Since its inception, the team's home venue has been Tropicana Field. Following nearly three decades of unsuccessfully trying to gain an expansion franchise or enticing existing teams to relocate to the Tampa Bay Area, an ownership group led by Vince Naimoli was approved on March 9, 1995; the Tampa Bay Devil Rays began play in the 1998 Major League Baseball season. Their first decade of play, was marked by futility. Following the 2007 season, Stuart Sternberg, who had purchased controlling interest in the team from Vince Naimoli two years earlier, changed the team's name from "Devil Rays" to "Rays", now meant to refer to a burst of sunshine rather than a manta ray, though a manta ray logo remains on the uniform sleeves; the 2008 season saw the Tampa Bay Rays post their first winning season, their first AL East championship, their first pennant, though they lost to the Philadelphia Phillies in that year's World Series.
Since the Rays have played in the postseason in 2010, 2011, 2013. The Tampa Bay Rays' chief rivals are the New York Yankees. Regarding the former, there have been several notable on-field incidents; the Rays have an intrastate interleague rivalry with the National League's Miami Marlins, whom they play in the Citrus Series. The name "Tampa Bay" is used to describe a geographic metropolitan area which encompasses the cities around the body of water known as Tampa Bay, including Tampa, St. Petersburg and Bradenton. Unlike in the case of Green Bay, there is no municipality known as "Tampa Bay"; the "Tampa Bay" in the names of local professional sports franchises denotes that they represent the entire region, not just Tampa or St. Petersburg. Former civic leader and St. Petersburg Times publisher, Jack Lake, first suggested St. Petersburg pursue a Major League baseball team in the 1960s; the notable influences Lake held in the sport are what led to the serious discussions that changed St. Petersburg from a spring training location to a major league city.
He spoke to anyone who would listen about his desire to see the city of St. Petersburg have a Major league baseball team, his colorful direction dominated the mindset in both sports and business circles dating back to 1966. He was said to have the prominence to make it happen. Local leaders made many unsuccessful attempts to acquire a major league baseball team in the 1980s and 1990s; the Minnesota Twins, San Francisco Giants, Chicago White Sox, Texas Rangers, Seattle Mariners all considered moving to either Tampa or St. Petersburg before deciding to remain in their current locations; the Florida Suncoast Dome was built in St. Petersburg in 1990 with the purpose of luring a major league team; that same year two separate groups, one in Tampa and another in Sarasota, were seeking to get an expansion team. The Tampa one registered the name "Florida Panthers", after a local feline - a trademark which ended up being purchased by entrepreneur Wayne Huizenga one year and used by him to name an NHL ice hockey team.
When Major League Baseball announced that it would add two expansion teams for the 1993 season, it was assumed that one of the teams would be placed in the Dome. However, in addition to the application from St. Petersburg, a competing group applied to field a team in Tampa, prompting much conflict over the bid; the two National League teams were awarded to Miami instead. In 1992, San Francisco Giants owner Bob Lurie agreed in principle to sell his team to a Tampa Bay-based group of investors led by Vince Naimoli, who would move the team to St. Petersburg. However, at the 11th hour, MLB owners nixed the move under pressure from San Francisco officials and the Giants were sold to a group that kept them in San Francisco. On March 9, 1995, new expansion franchises were awarded to Naimoli's Tampa Bay group and a group from Phoenix; the new franchises were scheduled to begin play in 1998. The Tampa Bay area had a team, but the stadium in St. Petersburg was in need of an upgrade. In 1993, the stadium was renamed the Thunderdome and became the home of the Tampa Bay Lightning hockey team and the Tampa Bay Storm Arena Football League team.
After the birth of the Rays, the naming rights were sold to Tropicana Products and $70 million was spent on renovations. The records of the Rays' last five seasons in Major League Baseball; these statistics are current through the 2018 Major League Baseball season. Tampa Bay's primary rivals are the New York Yankees; the Red Sox/Rays rivalry dates back to the 2000 season, when Devil Ray Gerald Williams took exception to being hit by a pitch thrown by Boston pitcher Pedro Martínez and charged the mound, resulting in a game full of retaliations and ejections on both sides. There have been several other incidents between the teams during the ensuing years, including one in 2005 which resulted in two bench-clearing fights during the game and a war of words between then-Devil Rays manager Lou Piniella and then-Boston pitcher Curt Schilling through the media in the following days; the rivalry reached its highest level to date during the 2008 season, which included a brawl during a June meeting in Fenway Park and a 7-game American League Championship Series between the teams t