Gratien Gélinas, was a Canadian author, actor, director and administrator, considered one of the founders of modern Canadian theatre and film. His major works include Tit-Coq, Bousille et les Justes, Hier, les enfants dansaient, he wrote a series of satirical revues known as the Fridolinades. The Fridolinades revues, consisting of comic sketches and monologues, were named for the often-featured character Fridolin. A poor boy from Montreal, he wore a tri-colour Canadiens hockey jersey, knee socks, suspenders. While not quite joual, the French he spoke was reflective of what a person would hear on the streets of Montreal, which made it stand out in sharp contrast to the continental French being spoken in most other theatres. Fridolin's boundless optimism in the face of constant disappointment came to emblemize the Quebec spirit of "survivance", made him one of the first distinctly Canadian heroes of the stage, his success was considerable: Gélinas was declared by an adoring public to be the first playwright "de chez nous".
Gélinas' play Hier, les enfants dansaient takes place in one night. Based in 1966, it revolves around the tumultuous politics in Quebec around that time though its characters are fictitious. Pierre Gravel is debating. Throughout the course of the play, Gravel's sons, André and Larry, admit that they are active members of the separatist party and responsible for the bombs, threatening the city and destroying historical landmarks. Gélinas founded the Comédie-Canadienne, active until 1972. In 1967, Gélinas was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1989. In 1985, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec, he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal Military College of Canada in St-Jean in 1989. He married Huguette Oligny in 1973 and is the grandfather of actor and pop singer Mitsou Gélinas and MusiquePlus veejay and actor Abeille Gélinas. Gratien Gélinas on IMDb Gratien Gélinas at The Canadian Encyclopedia Library and Archives Canada biography
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
Gordon Edward Pinsent, CC, FRSC is a Canadian actor, screenwriter and playwright. He is known for his roles in numerous productions, including Away from Her, The Rowdyman and the Missus, A Gift to Last, Due South, The Red Green Show and Quentin Durgens, M. P. Since 1989, for nearly 30 years, he has served as the voice of Babar the elephant in television and film. Pinsent, the youngest of six children, was born in Newfoundland, his mother, Florence "Flossie", was from Clifton and his father, Stephen Arthur Pinsent, was a papermill worker and cobbler from Dildo, Newfoundland. His mother was a religious Anglican, he was a self-described "awkward child". Pinsent began acting on stage in the 1940s at the age of 17, he soon took on roles in radio drama on the CBC, moved into television and film as well. In the early 1950s, he took a break from acting and joined the Canadian Army, serving for four years as a Private in The Royal Canadian Regiment. Pinsent's professional acting career began in 1957 at Winnipeg's Theatre 77 under the direction of John Hirsch.
In the years that followed, he performed in many theatrical productions in Winnipeg, Toronto and at the Stratford Festival. In the early 1960s he appeared in The Forest Rangers, he has since become a staple of Canadian television with roles including the series Quentin Durgens, M. P. A Gift to Last, Due South, Wind at My Back and Power Play; the pilot episode of A Gift to Last was adapted for the stage by Walter Learning and Alden Nowlan and has become a perennial Canadian Christmas favourite in regional theatres across the country. Pinsent's movie roles include The Rowdyman, Who Has Seen the Wind and the Missus, The Shipping News and Away from Her, he wrote the screenplays for the Missus. His best known early film role was that of the President of the United States in the 1970 science fiction cult classic Colossus: The Forbin Project, he starred in a role called Horse Latitudes based upon Donald Crowhurst, now featured in Deep Water. In 1979 he was made an officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1998.
In 2006, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. On March 6, 2007, it was announced. On March 8, 2007, it was publicly announced in Toronto, Canada, that Pinsent had accepted the appointment of honorary chairman of the "Building for the Future" fundraising campaign for The Royal Canadian Regiment Museum. During the 2008, 2010 and 2011 summer periods of CBC Radio One, Pinsent presented a radio documentary series called The Late Show featuring extended obituaries of notable Canadians whom the producers believed deserved attention. Pinsent appeared in one of Canadian director Stephen Dunn's early short films titled Life Doesn't Frighten Me, which won various awards, including the CBC Short Film Face-Off, with a cash prize of $30,000; the film won awards at the Toronto Student Film Festival and the Tribeca Film Festival in 2013. Most he had a guest starring role as Maurice Becker on the February 3, 2010 episode of Canadian television series Republic of Doyle, he was a featured guest reader on Bookaboo.
He attained recent notoriety when a comedic segment of him reading from Justin Bieber's autobiography on This Hour Has 22 Minutes went viral on October 20, 2010. His first memoir, By the Way, was published in 1992 by Stoddart Publishing, his second, was published in 2012 by McClelland and Stewart. He has written seven screenplays, including: the Missus, his plays include Brass Rubbings. Pinsent married actress Charmion King in 1962, they were married until her death on January 6, 2007 from emphysema. Pinsent has two children and Beverly Kennedy, from an earlier marriage to Irene Reid. Pinsent is a Companion of a Fellow of The Royal Society of Canada. In 1997, he won the Earle Grey Award for lifetime achievement in television. Pinsent received an LL. D from the University of Prince Edward Island in 1975, Honorary doctorates from Queen's University, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Lakehead University and the University of Windsor. Pinsent received a Governor General's Performing Arts Award in 2004, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts.
It was on July 12, 2005, in his hometown of Grand Falls-Windsor, in honour of his 75th birthday, that the Arts & Culture Centre was renamed The Gordon Pinsent Centre for the Arts. A street in his hometown is named in his honor. On September 25, 2008 at a "Newfoundland and Labrador Inspired Evening" at The Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, the Company Theatre presented Mr. Pinsent with the inaugural Gordon Pinsent Award of Excellence. Pinsent received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012, his acting and writing awards include: 2014 - Canadian Screen Award - Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role for The Grand Seduction 2013 - Canadian Screen Award - Best Performance in a Guest Role, Dramatic Series for Republic of Doyle 2008 - Genie Award - Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role for Away from Her 2007 - ACTRA Award - Outstanding Male Performance for Away from Her 2004 - Banff Television Festival - Award of Excellence 2003 - ACTRA Award - Award of Excellence 1999 - Gemini Award - Best Performance by an Actor in a Su
The Genie Awards were given out annually by the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television to recognize the best of Canadian cinema from 1980–2012. They succeeded the Canadian Film Awards. Genie Award candidates were selected from submissions made by the owners of Canadian films or their representatives, based on the criteria laid out in the Genie Rules and Regulations booklet, distributed to Academy members and industry members. Peer-group juries, assembled from volunteer members of the Academy, meet to screen the submissions and select a group of nominees. Academy members vote on these nominations. In 2012, the Academy announced that the Genies would merge with its sister presentation for English-language television, the Gemini Awards, to form a new award presentation known as the Canadian Screen Awards; the Genie Awards were aired by CBC from 1979 to 2003, before moving to CHUM Limited's networks. After CTVglobemedia purchased CHUM Limited, the Genie Awards moved to Canwest Global's E and IFC for 2008.
The last two Genie Awards were broadcast by the CBC. The following is a listing of all Genie Awards ceremonies; the Special Achievement Genie is an award given irregularly to an individual or individuals in recognition of lifetime achievement or an important career milestone. Prix Jutra – Canadian French-language counterpart Canadian Screen Awards Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television
Kevin Tighe is an American actor who has worked in television and theatre since the late 1960s. He is best known for his character, firefighter-paramedic Roy DeSoto, on the 1972-77 NBC series Emergency! Tighe was cast in his first major film. After being under contract with Paramount and Universal, Tighe's career took a turn from bit parts and extra work when he was cast as Roy DeSoto on Emergency!. Following Emergency!, Tighe went on to make numerous guest television appearances in shows such as Ellery Queen, The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries, The Six Million Dollar Man. Aside from The Graduate, some of Tighe's film credits include Road House, City of Hope, What's Eating Gilbert Grape, Jade. Tighe won a 1994 Genie Award for Best Supporting Actor in I Love a Man in Uniform. In the 2000s he played Anthony Cooper on the ABC television series Lost, as well as Giles Corey in the premiere episode of the original WGN America series Salem. Tighe has been seen in a number of stage productions including A Reckoning, Mourning Becomes Electra, Anna Christie, Other Desert Cities, Curse of the Starving Class.
Tighe was born Jon Kevin Fishburn in Los Angeles, California, of Czech-Bohemian and Irish descent, the son of an actor. When he was five, Tighe moved with his family from Los Angeles to nearby Pasadena, where he began acting at an early age, auditioning for juvenile leads at the Pasadena Playhouse, he graduated from Pasadena High School in 1962, went on to attend Pasadena City College before receiving an undergraduate degree from USC and an MFA for acting in 1967. After USC, Tighe was drafted into the United States Army. Due to an injury to his finger, he was stationed for two years at Fort Knox rather than being sent to Vietnam. Since 1985, Tighe has resided in Skagit County, Washington with his wife, the artist Rebecca Fletcher. From Skagit County, he travels to Los Angeles for work. Tighe has a daughter from his first marriage, Jennifer Tighe, an actress with whom he appeared in the stage production of A Reckoning. Tighe's first film appearance was in 1967 as fraternity brother in The Graduate, after which he appeared in two other films: Narcotics: Pit of Despair and Yours and Ours.
After being discharged from the Army, Tighe appeared at the Taper Theater in Los Angeles in "The Trial of the Catonsville Nine" and in Noël Coward's "Design for Living" at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles. After this, he went on to perform in "Design for Living" with the National Theatre of Great Britain. During this period Tighe worked with a number of well-known actors including Lorne Greene, Maggie Smith, Michael Landon before signing a contract with Universal Studios. During Tighe's tenure at Paramount, he appeared on NBC's Bonanza in the episode, "The Weary Willies". Tighe auditioned for a new Jack Webb television series, Emergency! in 1972 and landed the role of firefighter-paramedic Roy DeSoto, alongside Randolph Mantooth as his partner, John Gage. DeSoto and his team would respond to vehicle crashes, medical emergencies, other rescues in a fire department rescue squad. After receiving advice and treatment orders from a local hospital via radiotelephone, the medics performed advanced life support techniques to stabilize patients needing aid before having them transported to a medical facility.
In order to better portray his character, along with other actors on the show, sat in on paramedic classes and participated in "ride-alongs" with the LA County Fire Department. When the show premiered, there were only 12 paramedic units in North America. In a 2006 Seattle radio interview, Tighe stated that Emergency! "...resonated with working people and I was always proud of that fact. It promoted the paramedic program."The show ran six seasons with seven two-hour television movie specials including a pilot film, The Wedsworth-Townsend Act. And averaged 30 million viewers each week. Tighe directed four episodes of Emergency!: "Gossip", "Inventions", "Fair Fight". and wrote one episode for the show, "Up all Night". Tighe and Mantooth did many of their own stunts in the early years of the show. Mantooth has been quoted as saying, "If you could see our faces, it was us doing the stunts, if you couldn't, it was our stunt double." While on Emergency!, Tighe appeared as Roy DeSoto in episodes of two other shows created by Robert A. Cinader, Sierra which had its backdoor pilot as an Emergency! episode, Adam-12.
Tighe voiced Roy DeSoto on the animated spin-off Emergency +4. and narrated an episode about the work of paramedics in LA County with Mantooth on NBC's Go! During the series' run and after it was cancelled, Tighe became and remained friends with Mantooth as well as London and Troup. Tighe served as a best man at Mantooth's second wedding in 2002. Through his friendship with Troup and London, who were married to each other as well as recording artists prior to being cast on the show, Tighe had the opportunity to meet well known jazz musicians and artists. Both Tighe and Mantooth appear in the video presentation The Pioneers of Paramedicine Story, a project done in conjunction with the Los Angeles County Fire Museum. Filmed in 2001 with additional scenes filmed in 2013, the video is a documentation of the history of pre-hospital medicine. Tighe was an honorary committee member on Project 51 and its efforts to honor Emergency!'s legacy. Tighe compiled a brief history of American EMS for the project.
Roy DeSoto's uniform, along with some of the medical equipment used on the show was ind
John Paul Cusack is an American actor and screenwriter. He began acting in films during the 1980s and has since starred in a number of movies, including Better Off Dead, Say Anything... Grosse Pointe Blank, Being High Fidelity, 1408, Igor, 2012 and The Raven. Cusack was born on June 28, 1966, at St. Joseph Hospital in Chicago's Lakeview neighborhood and grew up in Evanston, Illinois, he was born into fourth of five children. His mother, Ann Paula "Nancy", is political activist, his father, Richard Cusack, was an actor, along with John's siblings Ann, Joan and Susie. They moved from New York, to Illinois. Richard was a documentary filmmaker who owned a film production company and was a friend of activist Philip Berrigan. Cusack graduated from Evanston Township High School in 1984, where he met Jeremy Piven, spent a year at New York University before dropping out, saying that he had "too much fire in his belly". Cusack began acting in films in the early 1980s, he made his breakout role in Rob Reiner's The Sure Thing.
He starred in Cameron Crowe's directorial debut film, Say Anything.... Cusack played a con artist in Stephen Frears' 1990 neo-noir film The Grifters. After establishing New Crime Productions, Cusack co-wrote the screenplay for and starred in George Armitage's crime film Grosse Pointe Blank, in which he played an assassin who goes to his 10-year high school reunion to win back his high school sweetheart. In Spike Jonze's fantasy film Being John Malkovich, Cusack played a puppeteer who finds a portal leading into the mind of the eponymous actor, John Malkovich; the film was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Supporting Actress. Cusack was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his performance in High Fidelity, based on Nick Hornby's novel. In Roland Emmerich's disaster film 2012, he played a struggling novelist who attempts to survive the apocalypse and save mankind. Cusack played Edgar Allan Poe in James McTeigue's biopic film The Raven and starred in David Cronenberg's Maps to the Stars.
He starred in video on demand films, including The Factory, The Numbers Station, The Frozen Ground, Drive Hard, The Prince, Cell, Blood Money and Singularity. Between 2005 and 2009, Cusack wrote blogs for The Huffington Post, which included an interview with Naomi Klein, he blogged on his opposition to the war in Iraq and his hatred for the Bush administration, calling its worldview "depressing, corrupt and tragically absurd". He appeared in a June 2008 MoveOn.org advertisement, where he made the claim that George W. Bush and John McCain have the same governing priorities. Cusack criticized the Obama administration for its drone policy in the Middle East and its support of the National Defense Authorization Act, became one of the initial supporters of the Freedom of the Press Foundation in 2012. In June 2015, he stated in an interview with The Daily Beast that "when you talk about drones, the American Empire, the NSA, civil liberties, attacks on journalism and whistleblowers, is as bad or worse than Bush".
However, he scolded the publication for misquoting him in order to make an interesting headline. In 2015, Daniel Ellsberg and Arundhati Roy met Edward Snowden, a fugitive from the US because of his leaks of classified information, at a Moscow hotel room; this meeting was converted into a book co-authored with Roy titled Things That Can and Cannot Be Said. The book is a transcript of the conversation between Snowden and Cusack, with a selection of relevant photos and illustrations as well as a detailed list of references. Cusack endorsed Senator Bernie Sanders in his 2020 presidential bids. In November 2017, Cusack became a member of the Democratic Socialists of America. Cusack is a fan of both the Chicago Cubs and the Chicago White Sox, for which he says he is "in trouble" in Chicago due to the longstanding rivalry between the teams, he led the crowd in a performance of "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" at Wrigley Field. He was in attendance—along with fellow Cubs fans Bill Murray, Eddie Vedder and Bonnie Hunt—during the Cubs' historic Game Seven victory during the 2016 World Series.
Cusack appeared at multiple Chicago Bears games and attended many Stanley Cup Finals games in support of the Chicago Blackhawks. Cusack once told NBC Nightly News, "I'm not lazy. I just enjoy waking up in the morning. If that means sleeping in and walking around the house in my crocs and a bathrobe'til three in the afternoon, I welcome that appealing lifestyle—all day." He trained in kickboxing under former world kickboxing champion Benny Urquidez for over two decades. He began training under Urquidez in preparation for his role in Say Anything... and holds the rank of a level six black belt in Urquidez's Ukidokan Kickboxing system. In March 2008, police arrested Emily Leatherman outside Cusack's Malibu, home for stalking him. On October 10, 2008, Leatherman pleaded no contest and received five years' probation and mandatory psychiatric counseling, was ordered to stay away from Cusack, his home, business for the next ten years, he is well known for being a bachelor. When asked in 2009 why he had never married he answered, "society doesn't tell me what to do."
Barnes, Henry John Cusack: ‘Hollywood is a whorehouse and people go mad’ The Guardian, 26 September 2014. Accessed 27 February 2015 Robinson, Tasha Onion A. V. Club
Armin Mueller-Stahl is a German film actor and author. Mueller-Stahl was born in East Prussia, his mother, was from an upper-class family and became a university professor in Leipzig. His father, Alfred Müller, was a bank teller who changed the family's surname to "Mueller-Stahl"; the rest of the family moved to Berlin while his father fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. Mueller-Stahl was a concert violinist while he was a teenager and enrolled at an East Berlin acting school in 1952. Mueller-Stahl was a film and stage actor in East Germany, performing such films as Her Third and Jacob the Liar. For that country's television, he played the main character of the popular series Das unsichtbare Visier from 1973–1979, a spy thriller program designed, in co-operation with the Stasi, as a counterpart to the James Bond films. After protesting against Wolf Biermann's denaturalisation in 1976 he was blacklisted by the government. Emigrating in 1980 to West Germany, he found regular work in films.
These included Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Lola and Veronika Voss, Andrzej Wajda's A Love in Germany, Angry Harvest and Colonel Redl, the latter about the scandal surrounding Austro-Hungarian Army Colonel Alfred Redl. Mueller-Stahl made his American film debut as Jessica Lange's character's father in Music Box, he subsequently took character roles in Kafka by Steven Soderbergh and Night on Earth by Jim Jarmusch. He is remembered for his role as the Soviet general in charge of the occupied United States in the ABC television miniseries Amerika. Mueller-Stahl's performance as an Jewish immigrant to the United States in the 1990 film Avalon is widely praised. Mueller-Stahl won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival for his performance in Utz. Mueller-Stahl was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as the abusive father of pianist David Helfgott in the 1996 movie Shine. Mueller-Stahl was in A Pyromaniac's Love Story and the 1997 remake of the movie 12 Angry Men.
Conversation with the Beast was his first film as director. In 1998, he played the German scientist and syndicate member, Conrad Strughold, in the feature film The X-Files. In 1999 he played the mastermind of a criminal gang opposite Ray Liotta and Gloria Reuben in Pilgrim distributed under the title Inferno. In the early 2000s, Mueller-Stahl received a positive response for his portrayal of Thomas Mann in a German film about the Mann family called Die Manns - Ein Jahrhundertroman. In 2004, Mueller-Stahl made a foray into American television, guest-starring in four episodes on the television drama series The West Wing as the Prime Minister of Israel. In 2006, he played the role of reclusive Russian artist Nikolai Seroff in Local Color, he had a role in David Cronenberg's crime drama Eastern Promises and the thriller The International, both of which co-starred British-Australian actress Naomi Watts. In 2008, he won the Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role for Eastern Promises, Mueller-Stahl played the role of Cardinal Strauss, Dean of the College of Cardinals and the Papal conclave, in Angels & Demons, In 2011, he was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival.
Since the creation of the Freya von Moltke Stiftung, working out of Berlin and Krzyżowa, he has been a supporter and linked with their work. He and his wife live in Los Angeles. Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 42nd Berlin International Film Festival Berlinale Camera at the 47th Berlin International Film Festival Honorary Golden Bear at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role Honorary citizen of Sovetsk List of German-speaking Academy Award winners and nominees Armin Mueller-Stahl on IMDb