Castleford is a town in the metropolitan borough of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 40,210 at the 2011 Census. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, to the north of the town centre the River Calder joins the River Aire and the Aire and Calder Navigation; the town is the site of a Roman settlement. Within the historical Castleford Borough are the suburbs of Airedale, Ferry Fryston, Fryston Village, Half Acres, Lock Lane and Whitwood. Castleford is home to the rugby league Super League team Castleford Tigers. Castleford's history dates back to Roman times, archaeological evidence points to modern day Castleford being built upon a Roman army settlement, called Lagentium. Roman funeral urns have been found in modern-day Castleford. A Roman milestone was unearthed in Beancroft Road, now believed to be in Leeds City Museum. Queen's Park in Castleford provides evidence of Roundhouses used by the Anglo Saxons; this was a strategic area due to the views of the entire settlement. The history of the area includes Oliver Cromwell’s encampment in nearby Knottingley and Ferrybridge whilst his forces laid siege to Pontefract Castle.
In the 19th century, Castleford became a boomtown with the population growing from 1,000 to 14,000 as collieries opened around the town. Ferrybridge Power Station and Kellingley Colliery have closed and used to employ Castleford residents; the newer warehouses and distribution centres in Glasshoughton have brought in many new jobs to the area. In 2008 Grand Designs presenter Kevin McCloud and Channel 4 led a community regeneration scheme to redevelop Castleford. In February 2017 Castleford Swimming Pool closed. A new modern leisure facility including a swimming pool is proposed for nearby Pontefract Park. Burberry, the retailer and designer label, has a factory in the town, due to close when a new facility is built in Leeds; the new plant will be a combination of the Castleford and Cross Hills plants, but the Brexit vote has stalled the decision, though Burberry insist it will go ahead. A large Nestlé factory, which produced Toffee Crisp and After Eights for 40 years, closed in 2012 and demolition starting in 2014 to make way for housing.
Castleford has been home to Dunsford and Wesley Textiles, which at peak business times had three factories in Castleford which have all since ceased production. Castleford was established as an urban district, in the administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1894 under the Local Government Act 1894, with an urban district council. Whitwood and Glasshoughton were added to the district in the 1930s; the urban district was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1955. Following the Local Government Act 1972, the municipal borough was abolished on 1 April 1974, it became an unparished area of the City of Wakefield, a metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire. Castleford is now controlled by Wakefield Council. Three electoral wards cover the town: Ferry Fryston; the town contains a Junction 32 multi-store shopping village and the Xscape Leisure Complex, both in the Glasshoughton suburb at the south of the town. In Xscape is Snozone, which used to have Britain's largest indoor real snow slope and contains Frankie & Benny's and Nando's restaurants.
Castleford has an open and an indoor market, a shopping centre on Carlton Street, a retail park, Asda, Aldi and Co-operative supermarkets. In December 2013 the Forum, a library and heritage museum, opened in a new building; the town's library had been in temporary accommodation for two years while the old site was redeveloped. The existing frontage was kept. A new three-floor building was constructed; the town centre has public houses and social clubs, although the number of these has declined in recent years with leisure becoming focused on the Xscape complex. In 2000 three nightclubs were situated in the town centre. Today none remain. Ridings FM is Castleford's local radio station, Launched in 1999, The station can be heard in the town on 106.8 FM. Ridings FM broadcasts to the wider Wakefield District and has a close relationship with the community and is involved in local charities fundraising efforts; the town hosts. The local newspaper is Castleford Express. Castleford is only 0.93 miles away from the M62 at Junction 32 via the A656 road.
It has other A roads that criss-cross the town and provide access to Junction 31 on the same motorway. The River Aire and the River Calder have a confluence just north west of the town and feed the Aire and Calder Navigation. Whilst it is an industrial waterway, it hosts tourism with moorings on the Castleford Cut of the Navigation; the town has a railway station on the Pontefract lines. All trains leave in that same direction. Trains used to go eastwards to York via Burton Salmon, but passenger workings ceased in 1970 with the section retained for freight workings only. Castleford had a second service to Leeds that left eastwards and swung north onto the former Castleford to Garforth Line, which would see services calling at Ledston and Kippax, before arriving in Garforth and continuing to Leeds. In 2016, a new £6 million bus station was opened adjacent to the railway station to allow an integrated travel site for the 12,000 people using the bus
Craig Smith (rugby league, born 1971)
Craig Smith is a New Zealand former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s. He played for the South Sydney Rabbitohs, the Illawarra Steelers, the St. George Illawarra Dragons and the Newcastle Knights as well as representing New Zealand, New Zealand Māori and Queensland. Smith played at prop. Smith was born in Kaitaia, New Zealand and was a rugby union player in Northland. Smith took up rugby league. Smith commenced his top level career with the South Sydney Rabbitohs in the 1995 ARL season, he moved to the Illawarra Steelers. Smith played at prop forward for the St. George Illawarra Dragons in their 1999 NRL Grand Final loss to the Melbourne Storm. Following a series of suspensions in 2001 for contrary conduct and striking, Smith left the NRL and Australia in 2002 to play for the Super League club, the Wigan Warriors. With Wigan, he won the 2002 Challenge Cup Final. In 2003 he was named at prop in the season's Super League Dream Team. Smith played for the Wigan Warriors at prop in the 2003 Super League Grand Final, lost to the Bradford Bulls.
In 2005, Smith agreed to a return to the NRL with the Newcastle Knights. Although intending to retire at the end of the 2005 season, Smith was re-signed by Newcastle for the 2006 season. A broken jaw in August 2006 sidelined him for several rounds but he was fit to return for Newcastle's finals appearances. Smith played his last NRL game in Newcastle's semi-finals defeat by the Brisbane Broncos. Smith was selected to represent Queensland as a prop for games I and II of the 1997 State of Origin series and on the bench for game III. Smith was selected to go on the 1998 New Zealand tour of Great Britain and played for the Kiwis twelve times between 1998 and 2001. Smith was selected for the New Zealand team to compete in the end of season 1999 Rugby League Tri-Nations tournament. In the final against Australia he played at prop forward in the Kiwis' 20-22 loss. Smith was again coaxed out of retirement to take part in the New Zealand Māori team that met the Indigenous Dreamtime team in a commemorative match at the 2008 Rugby League World Cup.
Smith has been on the coaching staff for the under-20s side at Newcastle. Whiticker, Alan; the Encyclopedia of Rugby League Players. Wetherill Park, New South Wales: Gary Allen Pty Ltd. p. 609. ISBN 978-1-877082-93-1. NRL profile Craig Smith at NRL Stats
The Castleford Tigers are a rugby league club in Castleford, West Yorkshire, that compete in the Super League, the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern Hemisphere. The club have competed in the top division for the majority of their existence having only been relegated twice in their history, Castleford has won the Challenge Cup four times, their most recent major trophy was the 2017 Super League League Leaders Shield. Castleford have a rivalry with neighbours Featherstone Wakefield Trinity; the club has been based after moving from the Sandy Desert in Lock Lane. The club's current home colours are amber. Castleford RFC joined the Northern Rugby Football Union for the 1896–97 season, its second and remained in the ranks of the semi-professionals until the end of the 1905–06 season. Not much is known about the original Castleford club, except that they have no connection with the present Castleford Tigers RLFC. Castleford joined the league for the 1926–27 season.
Many official records state that they were founded at this time but they had played in the lower Yorkshire County Cup for several years before this date. They joined the League "code" around 1920 and played in these early years at the Sandy Desert ground, now used by amateur club Castleford Lock Lane youth and junior teams; the club went professional in 1926 and moved to their current home ground on Wheldon Road in 1927. The club soon started to make a mark on northern rugby, winning their first major trophy when they topped the Yorkshire League in 1932, followed by victory in the Challenge Cup in 1935. In 1938, they failed to take the cup; the Second World War meant the league was suspended soon after, Castleford abstained from league competition until the 1944–45 season. Castleford finished fourth in the national league in the 1962/63 season; the following season they lost 7–5 to Widnes in the Challenge Cup semi-final replay at Belle Vue, Wakefield in front of a 28,700 crowd after drawing at Station Road, Swinton in the first meeting of the two clubs.
Under the direction of coach George Clinton, Castleford won many fans in the'60s by playing an open and free-flowing style of rugby, earning them the nicknames "Classy Cas" and "High Speed Cas", the latter playing off the slogan for British Gas in use at the time. Castleford picked up where they left off when they were again beaten in the Championship finals in 1969, this time conceding defeat to arch-rivals Leeds. However, this loss seemed to spur the team on, 1969 and 1970 saw Castleford win the Challenge Cup for two consecutive years, with clubs legends Alan Hardisty and Keith Hepworth leading the team. John Sheridan was appointed head coach in 1973 for a spell. Castleford's finished a respectable ninth in a one-division table but Sheridan stepped down following criticism from fans. During the late 1970s Castleford edged up the league, in 1986 they made it to the Premiership final, where they were beat Hull Kingston Rovers 15–14, they finished high over the next few years, finished in the top four clubs in the Championship for four years during 1990–1995.
Darryl van der Velde took Castleford to the Challenge Cup final Wembley where they were defeated by Wigan in 1992. A year Darryl van der Velde left to become chief executive of the South Queensland Crushers, he was succeeded by his assistant John Joyner. Through the Darryl van der Velde and early Joyner years Castleford were lauded for their style and were labelled'Classy Cas'; this enjoyable playing style was to come to fruition most spectacularly in 1994, when Castleford were dominating the league. As well as defeating a legendary Wigan team to take the Regal Trophy 33–2, they were semi-finalists in the Challenge Cup and were narrowly defeated in the Premiership final; that season John Joyner, was named Coach-of-the-Year by the RFL. St John Ellis scored a club record 40 league tries over the 1993–94 season; when a Super League was suggested, Castleford resisted a merger with Wakefield Trinity and Featherstone Rovers, became a founder member of the Super League in 1996. The team performed weakly at the start of the season causing the resignation of coach John Joyner, the team avoided relegation by a whisker in 1997 following the appointment of Stuart Raper.
The next season, they managed to frustrate the bleak predictions of pundits to move up the league, finishing sixth at the end of the season, after putting in some good performances and pleasing their fans with a sprinkling of victories. In 1999, they continued on this upward trajectory, finishing fifth, as well as making the semi-finals of both the Challenge Cup and the Grand Final play-offs; this became one of the most famous seasons in the clubs recent past, with fans still remembering it with reverence. The team included many home grown players such as current assistant Danny Orr, included that years Man of Steel winner Adrian Vowles. In 2000, the rise seemed to stall, as they repeated their fifth-place ranking and made the play-offs for a consecutive season. Raper left Castleford midway through the 2001 campaign to take charge of Wigan, his assistant Graham Steadman took over the reins as head coach. Castleford made the semi-final of the Challenge Cup in 2002, however the team was to fall down the table over the years to come.
Gary Mercer guided Castleford to five wins in their last 10 games after replacing Graham Steadman in 2004 but it was too little to save them from the drop as Castleford were relegated for the first time in the club's history. From the introduction of two divisions in the 1972–1973 Northern Rugby Football League season Castleford had spent 32 years in the top flight of British rugby league. Gary
Hooker (rugby league)
Hooker is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Wearing jersey number 9, the hooker is one of the team's forwards. During scrums the hooker plays in the front row, the position's name comes from their role of'hooking' or'raking' the ball back with the foot. For this reason the hooker is sometimes referred to as the rake. Hookers have a great deal of contact with the ball, as they play the role of acting halfback or dummy half, picking the ball up from the play-the-ball that follows a tackle. Hookers therefore have a lot of responsibility in that they decide what to do with the ball, whether that be to pass it, run with it, or to kick it. Therefore, together with the two half backs and fullback, hooker is one of the four key positions that make up what is sometimes called a team's'spine'. A trend of halfbacks converting into hookers followed the introduction of the 10 metre rule, many players have switched between these positions in their careers such as Geoff Toovey, Andrew Johns, Craig Gower and Peter Wallace.
The laws of rugby league state that the hooker is to be numbered 9. However, in some leagues, such as Super League, players can wear jersey numbers which do not have to conform to this system. One book published in 1996 stated that in senior rugby league, the hooker and stand-off/five-eighth handled the ball more than any other position. In the 2013 NRL season the top six players with the most tackles were all hookers. Hookers that feature in their nations' rugby league halls of fame are New Zealand's Jock Butterfield and Australia's Ken Kearney, Sandy Pearce, Cameron Smith and Noel Kelly; the most-capped British international hooker was Wales' Tommy Harris. Rugby league gameplay Rugby union positions#Hooker
Sean O'Loughlin is an English professional rugby league footballer who captains the Wigan Warriors in the Super League and is the current Great Britain and England Rugby League captain. A Great Britain and England international forward, he has played his entire career to date with Wigan, whom he captained to 2010's Super League XV Championship and 2011 Challenge Cup titles. In an injury hit end to the 2013 season, O'Loughlin was passed fit for both the 16–0 Challenge Cup Final win over Hull FC and the 30–16 comeback victory over Warrington Wolves in the Super League Grand Final. Sean O'Loughlin was born 24 November 1982 in Greater Manchester England. O'Loughlin's dad and uncle, both played more than 250 games for Wigan in the 1970s, his father Keiron O'Loughlin featured in the 1983–84 Challenge Cup Final for the Widnes side which achieved victory over Wigan. It was the Wigan-based amateur club Wigan St Patricks which gave Sean his first experience of competitive rugby league, he had gained international experience as part of the 2001 Great Britain Academy of Australia, a product of the Wigan academy, for whom he started playing in under-19s matches in 2001, continued to do so in 2002.
During his time at the academy, O'Loughlin played in a variety of positions, including a game against Wakefield Trinity in the senior academy championships where he played at Centre scoring two tries, another against Hull Kingston Rovers where he scored a try playing at Second-row. In 2002, he featured in two matches during the cross-code Middlesex Sevens tournament, playing at Scrum-half in a team composed of both Wigan and Orrell R. U. F. C. Players; because of this, O'Loughlin remains one of only a handful of rugby league players to play at Twickenham, the home of English rugby union, along with those in the St. Helens, Bradford Bulls and Huddersfield teams who competed in the 2001 and 2006 Challenge Cup finals. O'Loughlin made his breakthrough into the Wigan first team under head coach Stuart Raper during 2002's Super League VII, his first experience in the first team came as a substitute wearing jersey No. 22 during Wigan's 18–20 home defeat by Hull F. C. Two weeks O'Loughlin scored his first tries for the club as a substitute against Warrington, subsequently made six consecutive appearances from the bench.
He made his first starting appearance for Wigan during a 16–41 away victory against Warrington, when he was called upon to replace his injured brother-in-law, Andy Farrell. On that night, O'Loughlin played at Loose forward, which would become his most natural position, but during his first season he played in no less than three positions. After returning from the Middlesex Sevens event where he played Scrum-half, he made another starting appearance against Warrington, this time at Stand-off, he started, scored a try, at Centre against Leeds. However, in general O'Loughlin's first season saw him come into the match as an interchange, starting in only five of the twenty-one appearances he made throughout the whole of the league season. In 2002 he was named as captain of the England A squad that faced New Zealand in November and toured Fiji and Tonga, he was sent off and sin-binned in the same match against Fiji. He was named as captain of the 2003 England A squad to face Australia and in the European Nations Cup.
Sean gained his first senior representative honour when he represented Lancashire in the 2003 Origin match. O'Loughlin played for the Wigan Warriors at stand-off half back in the 2003 Super League Grand Final, lost to Bradford Bulls. O'Loughlin played loose forward for most of 2004 with Andrew Farrell moving to prop as cover for injuries. During the season he impressed many people earning himself a new contract and a call up to the Great Britain squad for the first time for the 2004 Tri-Nations series, he made his début off the bench against Australia, his first full appearance in the following match against New Zealand. 2005 was not a good year for O'Loughlin despite making an impressive start to the season on March 2005 he suffered a serious knee injury that kept him out for the rest of the season. Sean returned to the first team in 2006 and was announced as captain by coach Ian Millward, however he received some criticism from fans for his lack of leadership on the field, highlighted by Wigan's poor form at the start of the season.
The poor start to the season left Wigan bottom of the Super League and led to the sacking of Ian Millward, replaced by Brian Noble. O'Loughlin showed a dramatic improvement under Noble. Many people credited Sean for his defensive work, at the end of the season he was Wigan's top tackler, his performance in 2006 earned him a recall into the Great Britain squad for the mid season international with New Zealand at Knowsley Road, St. Helens which Great Britain won. At the end of season he was selected in the squad for the 2006 Tri-Nations in Australia, playing in Great Britain's opening defeat by New Zealand but playing an important role in Great Britain's victory over Australia, he missed Great Britain's 34–4 defeat by New Zealand with a muscle strain. With O'Loughlin's contract expiring at the end of 2006 he was linked with a move to new Australian NRL side Gold Coast for most of the season but in November 2006 he signed a new two deal with Wigan keeping him at the club until 2008. O'Loughlin was forced to rule himself out of contention for the England training squad for the 2008 Rugby League World Cup through injury.
He was forced to withdraw from the 2009 Four Nations English squad before the commencement of the series. The 2010 season saw, he has been the player of the month
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players, its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; the opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to try at goal with a conversion for further points. Kicks at goal may be awarded for penalties, field goals can be attempted at any time. Rugby league is the national sport of Papua New Guinea, is a popular sport in Northern England, the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, South Auckland in New Zealand, southwest France and Lebanon.
The Super League and the National Rugby League are the premier club competitions. Rugby league is played internationally, predominantly by European and Pacific Island countries, is governed by the Rugby League International Federation; the first Rugby League World Cup was held in France in 1954. Rugby league football takes its name from the bodies that split to create a new form of rugby, distinct from that run by the Rugby Football Unions, in Britain and New Zealand between 1895 and 1908; the first of these, the Northern Rugby Football Union, was established in 1895 as a breakaway faction of England's Rugby Football Union. Both organisations played the game under the same rules at first, although the Northern Union began to modify rules immediately, thus creating a new faster, stronger paced form of rugby football. Similar breakaway factions split from RFU-affiliated unions in Australia and New Zealand in 1907 and 1908, renaming themselves "rugby football leagues" and introducing Northern Union rules.
In 1922, the Northern Union changed its name to the Rugby Football League and thus over time the sport itself became known as "rugby league" football. In 1895, a schism in Rugby football resulted in the formation of the Northern Rugby Football Union. Although many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, the main division was caused by the RFU decision to enforce the amateur principle of the sport, preventing "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby. Northern teams had more working class players who could not afford to play without this compensation, in contrast to affluent southern teams who had other sources of income to sustain the amateur principle. In 1895, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged led to twenty-two clubs meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield on 29 August 1895 and forming the "Northern Rugby Football Union". Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than 200 RFU clubs had left to join the rugby revolution.
In 1897, the line-out was in 1898 professionalism introduced. In 1906, the Northern Union changed its rules, reducing teams from 15 to 13 a side and replacing the ruck formed after every tackle with the play the ball. A similar schism to that which occurred in England took place in Australia. There, on 8 August 1907 the New South Wales Rugby Football League was founded at Bateman's Hotel in George Street. Rugby league went on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland. On 5 May 1954 over 100,000 spectators watched the 1953–54 Challenge Cup Final at Odsal Stadium, England, setting a new record for attendance at a rugby football match of either code. In 1954 the Rugby League World Cup, the first for either code of rugby, was formed at the instigation of the French. In 1966, the International Board introduced a rule that a team in possession was allowed three play-the-balls and on the fourth tackle a scrum was to be formed; this was increased to six tackles in 1972 and in 1983 the scrum was replaced by a handover.
1967 saw. The first sponsors, Joshua Tetley and John Player, entered the game for the 1971–72 Northern Rugby Football League season. Television would have an enormous impact on the sport of rugby league in the 1990s when Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation sought worldwide broadcasting rights and refused to take no for an answer; the media giant's "Super League" movement saw big changes for the traditional administrators of the game. In Europe, it resulted in a move from a winter sport to a summer one as the new Super League competition tried to expand its market. In Australasia, the Super League war resulted in long and costly legal battles and changing loyalties, causing significant damage to the code in an competitive sporting market. In 1997 two competitions were run alongside each other in Australia, after which a peace deal in the form of the National Rugby League was formed; the NRL has since become recognised as the sport's flagship competition and since that time has set record TV ratings and crowd figures.
The objective in rugby league is to score more points through tries and field goals than the opposition within the 80 minutes of play. If after two halves of play, each consisting of forty minutes, the two teams are drawing, a draw may be declar
Five-eighth or Stand-off is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Wearing jersey number 6, this player is one of the two half backs in a team, partnering the scrum-half. Sometimes known as the pivot or second receiver, in a traditional attacking'back-line'. Play the five-eighth would receive the ball from the scrum half, the first receiver of the ball from the dummy-half or hooker following a tackle; the role of the five-eighth is to pass the ball away from the congested area around the tackle, further out along the'back-line' to the outside backs, the centres and wingers, who have more space to run with it. Furthermore, players in this position assume responsibility for kicking the ball for field position in general play; the five-eighth is therefore considered one of the most important positions referred to as a'play maker', assuming a decision-making role on the field. Over time, however, as the game has evolved, the roles of the two halves have grown more aligned and difficult to distinguish.
Along with other key positions - fullback and scrum half - the five-eighth makes up what is known as a team's spine. One book published in 1996 stated that in senior rugby league, the five-eighth and hooker handled the ball more than any other position; the Rugby League International Federation's Laws of the Game state that the "Stand-off half or Five-eighth" is to be numbered 6. However, traditionally players' jersey numbers have varied, in the modern Super League, each squad's players are assigned individual numbers regardless of position. Traditionally in rugby football, there have always been two half-backs as well as scrums involving the forwards. Of the two half backs, the name "scrum half" was given to the one, involved in the scrum by feeding the ball into it and the name "stand-off half" was given to the one which stood off to the side of the scrum. In Britain, where rugby league originated, this terminology has been retained. In Australian English, however, "five-eighth" is the term used for the number 6, to differentiate from the "half back", the name given to the number 7.
In New Zealand, both terms appear to be used interchangeably. Five-eighths that feature in their respective nations' rugby league halls of fame are England's Roger Millward, Australia's Wally Lewis, Bob Fulton, Brett Kenny, Albert Rosenfeld and Vic Hey, New Zealand's George Menzies. Rugby league's first known black player, Lucius Banks, played in the position for Hunslet R. L. F. C. in 1912-13. Rugby league positions Rugby league gameplay