The Phil Silvers Show
The Phil Silvers Show titled You'll Never Get Rich, is a sitcom which ran on CBS from 1955 to 1959. A pilot called, but never broadcast. 143 other episodes were broadcast - all half-an-hour long except for a 1959 one-hour live special. The series starred Phil Silvers as Master Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko of the United States Army; the series was created and written by Nat Hiken, won three consecutive Emmy Awards for Best Comedy Series. The show is sometimes titled Sergeant Bilko or Bilko in reruns, is often referred to by these names, both on-screen and by viewers; the show's success transformed Silvers from a journeyman comedian into a star, writer-producer Hiken from a regarded behind-the-scenes comedy writer into a publicly recognized creator. By 1955, the American television business was moving westward to Los Angeles, but Nat Hiken insisted on filming the series in New York City, believing it to be more conducive to comedic creativity and the show's humor. Early episodes were filmed at Dumont's television center in New York City – now home to WNYW-TV – with episodes shot at the CBS "Hi Brown" Studios in Chelsea, Manhattan.
Most of the series was filmed to simulate a live performance. The actors memorized their lines, performed the scenes in sequence before a studio audience. Thus, there are awkward pauses. Actor Paul Ford, playing Bilko's commanding officer, was notorious for forgetting his lines. At that point, Ford would pick up; the series was set in Fort Baxter, a sleepy, unremarkable U. S. Army post in the fictional town of Roseville and centered on the soldiers of the Fort Baxter motor pool under Master Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko; however and his men seemed to spend little time performing their duties—Bilko in particular spent most of his time trying to wheedle money through various get-rich-quick scams and promotions, or to find ways to get others to do his work for him. While Bilko's soldiers helped him with his schemes, they were just as to become "pigeons" in one of his schemes. Bilko exhibited an odd paternalism toward his victims, would doggedly shield them from all outside antagonists; the sergeant's attitude toward his men has been described thus: "They were his men and if anyone was going to take them, it was going to be him and only him."
Through it all, the platoon was loyal to Bilko despite their wariness of his crafty nature, would depend on him to get them out of any military misfortune or outside mistreatment. In such circumstances, Bilko would employ the same psychological guile and chicanery he always used to outwit his suckers, but for good purposes. Bilko's swindles were directed toward Col. John T. Hall, the overmatched and beleaguered post commander who had early in his career been nicknamed "Melon Head". Despite his flaws and weaknesses, Col. Hall would get the best of Bilko just enough to establish his credentials as a wary and vigilant adversary; the colonel would be shown looking fretfully out his window, worried without explanation or evidence because he knew that Bilko was out there somewhere, planning something. The colonel's wife, had only the kindest thoughts toward Bilko, who would shamelessly flatter her whenever he met her. Bilko and Hall were not always adversaries. In an episode entitled "The Court Martial", Bilko tries to assist the Colonel in setting a speed record for inducting new recruits, which accidentally results in a private's pet chimpanzee being enrolled.
The animal's failure to answer when addressed by the phrase "Hurry! Speak Up!" is soon misheard and interpreted as being his name, continuing the error and the imposture. Harry passes the medical and psychiatric exams, receives a uniform, is formally sworn in. To cover up the mistake, the chimpanzee is honorably discharged in a short time; the show's setting changed with the fourth season, when the men of Fort Baxter were reassigned to Camp Fremont in California. This mass transfer was explained in storyline as being orchestrated by Bilko, who had discovered a map showing a gold deposit near the abandoned army post. One reason for the change from Kansas was so that the series could more plausibly bring in guest stars from nearby Hollywood, such as Dean Martin, Mickey Rooney, Diana Dors and Lucille Ball. Silvers played himself in an hourlong episode. Bilko's right-hand men were Cpl. Rocco Barbella and Cpl. Steve Henshaw, his long-suffering superior was Col. John T. Hall; the large supporting cast included Herbie Faye as Pvt.
Sam Fender, Maurice Gosfield as Pvt. Duane Doberman, Joe E. Ross as camp cook Sgt. Rupert Ritzik, Beatrice Pons as loud-mouthed Mrs. Ritzik, Billy Sands as Pvt. Dino Paparelli, Jimmy Little as Sgt. Francis Grover, Mickey Freeman as diminutive Pvt. Fielding Zimmerman. Other characters included Jack Healy as the tough-talking Pvt. Mullen, Ned Glass as quartermaster Sgt. Andy Pendleton, former boxer Walter Cartier as botany fiend Pvt. Claude Dillingham; some episodes gave Bilko a romantic interest, Elisabeth Fraser as Sgt. Joan Hogan. Another member of the platoon was Terry Carter as African-American Pvt Sugarman, at a time when US society was still segregated; the series featured so many secondary cast members, with so many speaking parts, that the show became too expensive to sustain. It was this factor more than any significant decline in ra
United States District Court for the District of Oregon
The United States District Court for the District of Oregon is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of Oregon. It was created in 1859. Appellate jurisdiction belongs to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Matthew P. Deady served as its first judge. Michael W. Mosman is the current chief judge; the United States Attorney's Office for the District of Oregon represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is Billy J. Williams; the court has four divisional offices within the state: Portland, Eugene and Pendleton. Portland’s division holds court at the Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse and handles cases from Clackamas, Columbia, Hood River, Multnomah, Tillamook, Wasco and Yamhill counties; the Medford Division covers Curry, Josephine, Lake counties and meets at the James A. Redden United States Courthouse; the Pendleton court includes Baker, Gilliam, Harney, Morrow, Umatilla, Union and Wheeler and holds session at John F. Kilkenny United States Post Office and Courthouse.
The Wayne L. Morse United States Courthouse houses the Eugene Division that covers Benton, Deschutes, Lane, Lincoln and Marion counties. After Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859, the United States Congress created the District of Oregon encompassing the entire state on March 3, 1859; the bill creating the district authorized a single judge and designated it as a judicial circuit. President James Buchanan appointed Matthew Deady as judge, the court was to hold annual sessions in April and September at the seat of government in Salem. Deady held the first session of the court on September 12, 1859, in Salem, but was able to have the court relocated to Portland by the September session of 1860. Beginning in 1933, the court was housed in the United States Courthouse before moving to the new Hatfield Courthouse in 1997. On March 3, 1863, Congress passed a law that removed the circuit court jurisdiction and transferred appeals court jurisdiction to the Tenth Circuit, in 1866 transferred it again to the Ninth Circuit.
On April 18, 1877, court clerk Ralph Wilcox committed suicide in his office at the court using a Deringer pistol. On March 27, 1885, Judge Deady admitted Mary Leonard to the federal bar, the first woman admitted in Oregon. In 1909, Congress added another judge position to the court, followed by another judgeship in 1949. On October 20, 1978, Congress passed a law authorizing two more positions on the bench of the Oregon court; the first woman to serve on the court was Helen J. Frye, whose service began on February 20, 1980. In 1990, Congress added a sixth judgeship for the district. Ancer L. Haggerty, the first African American on the court, began his service on March 28, 1994; as of February 5, 2019 Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, have not served as chief judge.
A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves until age 70, whichever occurs first; the age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not remain chief after turning 70 years old; the current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982. Courts of Oregon List of United States federal courthouses in Oregon List of Oregon District Court judges United States District Court for the District of Oregon Official Website United States Attorney for the District of Oregon Official Website U. S. District Court of Oregon Historical Society Judicial Nomination Statistics: U. S. District and Circuit Courts, 1945–1976 at Archive.today from the Congressional Research Service
The Danny Thomas Show
The Danny Thomas Show is an American sitcom that ran from 1953 to 1957 on ABC and from 1957 to 1964 on CBS. Episodes featured music by Danny Thomas, guest stars and other cast members as part of the plot. In March 1953, Danny Thomas first signed the contract for the show with ABC and chose Desilu Studios to film it using its three-camera method. Two proposed titles during preproduction were The Children's Hour and Here Comes Daddy. Thomas played the role of Danny Williams, a successful comedian and nightclub entertainer at the Copa Club, based on the iconic New York City nightclub the Copacabana. Jean Hagen played his loving wife Margaret, their daughter Terry was played by Sherry Jackson, their son Rusty by Rusty Hamer. The show's premise involved Danny having time to spend with his family and Margaret having to deal with the children on her own, she felt neglected by Danny, on several occasions felt like leaving him. Margaret loved her family. Louise Beavers made several appearances during this era as the Williams' maid, Louise Evans, was at odds with Danny and sided with Margaret in most of the couple's arguments.
Nana Bryant appeared as Margaret's kind mother, of whom Danny and the children were fond, but Margaret, raised by her aunt and uncle because of her mother being away on stage tours, was not as warm to her mother. For its first three years, Make Room For Daddy garnered decent ratings, but failed to make the list of the top 30 programs. Shortly after the third season finished filming, Jean Hagen left the show over dissatisfaction with her role and frequent clashes with Danny Thomas. Thomas was upset with her for leaving, felt the show would not last without her. However, he decided to push on. At the start of the fourth season, the series title was changed to The Danny Thomas Show. Both Thomas and producer Sheldon Leonard were faced with a serious dilemma—how to explain Hagen's absence. To have "Danny" and "Margaret" divorce in that era would have been unacceptable to television audiences, so it was explained that Margaret had died off-screen, it was a risky move. Danny now was a widower juggling a performing career while raising two children on his own.
He had Louise and his friends looking after the children while he was touring. He decided to move them to a boarding school, but relented and the family moved into a new apartment. During the fourth season, the Danny character dated a few other women and nearly got engaged to a widowed singer until he found out she did not like children. By season's end, the ratings had suffered and it was decided that a wife and mother was needed to complete the family unit. In a four-part story arc that began airing in April 1957, son Rusty fell ill with the measles and Danny hired Kathy O'Hara, a young Irish nurse, to look after him. Kathy was a widow with a little girl. Danny and Kathy became fast friends and, not Danny fell in love with her, as did the kids. In the season finale, the two became engaged. In a curious twist, ABC at this point canceled the series. In the spring of 1957, I Love Lucy, which had reigned as the top-rated show for all of its six-year run on CBS, was ending production; when CBS heard that ABC was cancelling The Danny Thomas Show, it picked it up as part of its 1957-58 schedule.
The Danny Thomas Show made its debut on CBS on Monday, October 7, 1957 at 9:00 p.m. inheriting the time slot vacated by I Love Lucy. The fifth-season premiere episode, "Lose Me In Las Vegas," had Danny and Kathy married and on their honeymoon; the Williams family moved into a larger brand-new apartment and, with the change of network, the producers changed Kathy's daughter. Lelani Sorenson was replaced by Angela Cartwright as Linda. Linda was adopted by Danny, the show's ratings increased. In fact, at the end of its fifth season, The Danny Thomas Show posted its highest rating, ranking at No. 2. During this season, Amanda Randolph was sick and appeared as Louise, said to be recovering from the flu, with Kathy doing most of the housework. In the early part of the sixth season, Sherry Jackson left the show and the character of Terry was said to have gone to a girls school in Paris. Jackson commented on her close friendship with Jean Hagen and why she left the series, saying, "The major perk was Jean Hagen.
I adored her. We had a great time, she and I were best buddies. What made me want to leave the show? I had a five-year contract, Jean had a three-year contract. Jean was fed up with the series and made it clear that she didn't want to come back; when she left, I was devastated. I didn't want to continue, either. I wanted to break my contract, they gave me less to do. Terry was featured in a seven-episode story arc that had her engaged and married to Pat Hannigan, a nightclub friend of Danny's. After the wedding, the Hannigans moved to California and Terry was mentioned, never to be seen on the show again. In the last two seasons, with Thomas and Lord tired of their roles and Kathy both travele
Kraft Music Hall
The Kraft Music Hall was a popular old-time radio variety program, featuring top show business entertainers, which aired first on NBC radio from 1933 to 1949. The Kraft Program debuted June 26, 1933, as a musical-variety program featuring orchestra leader Paul Whiteman and served to supplement print advertising and in-store displays promoting Kraft products. During its first year the show went through a series of name changes, including Kraft Musical Revue, until it settled on Kraft Music Hall in 1934. Whiteman remained the host until December 6, 1935. Ford Bond was the announcer. Billed as "The King of Jazz", Whiteman was arguably America's first popular music superstar. Whiteman's foresight regarding the coming of the jazz age and his decisions to hire the best jazz musicians was a powerful boost for jazz and blues. Though he was prohibited from hiring black performers, he hired composers. Bing Crosby took over as master of ceremonies January 2, 1936. Crosby was host until May 9, 1946. Other entertainers who appeared during Crosby's tenure included Connie Boswell, Victor Borge, Mary Martin.
A review in Billboard magazine commented, "It is a tribute to Bing Crosby, program's highlight, that the Music Hall seems to survive all talent change -- these changes pointing up the fact that the show is dependent on Crosby."For the advertising managers at Kraft, it was imperative that advertising and entertainment be kept separate. For this reason, Kraft insisted that not cast members, read its commercials. Additionally, Kraft commercials were single-product focused during the radio days, short and to the point in order to keep with Kraft's philosophy that quality entertainment led listeners up to the commercials, dropped them into the commercials, took them back to the show, as evidenced by the broadcast of June 15, 1944: When Crosby and Marilyn Maxwell finish singing “Take It Easy”, Crosby segues to the ad with, “Check it friends, The Charioteers will further demonstrate after my colleague glibly hustles prospective purchasers.” Announcer Ken Carpenter commences a 39-second spot extolling the virtues of Kraft Dinner – “Well, I can tell you of macaroni and cheese that helps you three ways.
Saves cooking time, saves shopping time, saves ration points.” Crosby was the longest-running Kraft Music Hall host, from 1936 through 1946. His casual style and humorous easy-going banter made the show tops with the young "country club" set; the average listener was 21 during this period, compared to the average age of 11 at the movie houses. Intelligent humor and delightful guests made these years some of the greatest. On the show, Crosby rubbed elbows with the likes of Spike Jones, Lucille Ball, The Andrews Sisters, Nat “King” Cole and Peggy Lee, it was during these years on the Kraft Music Hall that Bob Burns popularized his famous “bazooka” instrument, coining the term, used by soldiers referring to the 2.75-inch recoilless rifle anti-tank weapon, the bazooka. Crosby began hosting his own series, Philco Radio Time. Kraft Music Hall went through a handful of short-lived hosts. Edward Everett Horton, Eddie Foy and Frank Morgan all hosted from 1945 through 1947. Nelson Eddy took over the summer spots in 1947 and with costar Dorothy Kirsten in 1948 and 1949.
The show had a strong supporting cast: pianist-vocalist Ramona, soprano Helen Jepson, tenor Jack Fulton, pianist Roy Bargy and music critic Deems Taylor. Al Jolson dotted the Kraft Music Hall landscape, first as an occasional guest from 1933 to 1935 later as the star and host from 1947 to 1949, while his sarcastic pianist and sidekick Oscar Levant piped in with his dry wit. Jolson kept working until shortly with these shows as some of his last. Many of the show's recurring jokes and funny remarks were about Jolson's education, his age and his relationships to women; when Jolson returned in October 1947, Variety printed a rave review. When Decca Records released a Best of Al Jolson double LP, it included several tracks from Kraft Music Hall broadcasts. Kraft Music Hall made the move to television in 1958, replacing the dramatic anthology series Kraft Television Theatre. Milton Berle hosted during the 1958 season. Beginning with the fall 1959 season, singer Perry Como became the host, continued until 1967.
During the summer seasons, the show continued with new episodes, with a variety of guest hosts replacing Berle/Como. This rotation of guest hosts became a permanent feature when Como left the series in the winter of 1967, continued until the series ended in 1971; every show featured a guest entertainer, among them Bob Hope, Judy Garland, Eddie Cantor, Groucho Marx, Jimmy Durante, George Jessel, Larry Parks, Dorothy Kirsten, Doris Day, Leo Fuld, Boris Karloff, The Everly Brothers, Margaret Whiting, Cary Grant, Humphrey Bogart, Phil Silvers and Simon & Garfunkel. Each episode often featured a familiar film actress, such as Marilyn Maxwell. During its final years, Friar's Club "Roasts" were broadcast on this series in place of the usual musically themed episodes; these Roasts appeared as a separate series hosted by Dean Martin. In 1966, NBC aired a summer replacement show, Kraft Summer Music Hall, it featured John Davidson as host, with a new young comedian, Richard Pryor, singer Jimmy Boyd. McDonough, J..
The Advertising Age Encyclopedia of Advertising. Taylor & Francis. P. 913. ISBN 978-1-135-94906-8. Please find info about the history that ties the CMA's to Kraft as well... via Chester R
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American, he served as a U. S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008. Obama was born in Hawaii. After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he became a civil rights attorney and an academic, teaching constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004, he represented the 13th district for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 until 2004 when he ran for the U. S. Senate, he received national attention in 2004 with his March primary win, his well-received July Democratic National Convention keynote address, his landslide November election to the Senate. In 2008, he was nominated for president a year after his campaign began and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
He was elected over Republican John McCain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009. Nine months he was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Regarded as a centrist New Democrat, Obama signed many landmark bills into law during his first two years in office; the main reforms that were passed include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, Job Creation Act of 2010 served as economic stimulus amidst the Great Recession. After a lengthy debate over the national debt limit, he signed the Budget Control and the American Taxpayer Relief Acts. In foreign policy, he increased U. S. troop levels in Afghanistan, reduced nuclear weapons with the United States–Russia New START treaty, ended military involvement in the Iraq War. He ordered military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi.
He ordered the military operations that resulted in the deaths of Osama bin Laden and suspected Yemeni Al-Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki. After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013. During this term, he promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, his administration filed briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional. He advocated for gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, indicating support for a ban on assault weapons, issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning climate change and immigration. In foreign policy, he ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U. S. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2016, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, normalized U.
S. relations with Cuba. During his term in office, America's reputation in global polling improved. Evaluations of his presidency among historians, political scientists, the general public place him among the upper tier of American presidents. Obama left office and retired in January 2017 and resides in Washington, D. C. A December 2018 Gallup poll found Obama to be the most admired man in America for an unprecedented 11th consecutive year, although Dwight D. Eisenhower was selected most admired in twelve non-consecutive years. Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawaii, he is the only president, born outside of the contiguous 48 states. He was born to a black father, his mother, Ann Dunham, was born in Kansas. His father, Barack Obama Sr. was a Luo Kenyan from Nyang'oma Kogelo. Obama's parents met in 1960 in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where his father was a foreign student on a scholarship; the couple married in Hawaii, on February 2, 1961, six months before Obama was born.
In late August 1961, Barack and his mother moved to the University of Washington in Seattle, where they lived for a year. During that time, the elder Obama completed his undergraduate degree in economics in Hawaii, graduating in June 1962, he left to attend graduate school on a scholarship at Harvard University, where he earned an M. A. in economics. Obama's parents divorced in March 1964. Obama Sr. returned to Kenya in 1964, where he married for a third time and worked for the Kenyan government as the Senior Economic Analyst in the Ministry of Finance. He visited his son in Hawaii only once, at Christmas time in 1971, before he was killed in an automobile accident in 1982, when Obama was 21 years old. Recalling his early childhood, Obama said, "That my father looked nothing like the people around me – that he was black as pitch, my mother white as milk – registered in my mind." He described his struggles as a young adult to reconcile social perceptions of his multira
The Carol Burnett Show
The Carol Burnett Show is an American variety/sketch comedy television show starring Carol Burnett, Harvey Korman, Vicki Lawrence, Lyle Waggoner. In 1975, frequent guest star Tim Conway became a regular. In 1977, Dick Van Dyke replaced Korman but it was agreed that it was not a match and he left after 10 episodes; the show ran on CBS from September 11, 1967, to March 29, 1978, for 279 episodes, again with nine episodes in the fall of 1991. The series originated in CBS Television City's Studio 33, won 25 primetime Emmy Awards, was ranked number 16 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time in 2002, in 2007 was listed as one of Time magazine's 100 Best TV Shows of All Time. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Carol Burnett Show number 17 on its list of the 60 Greatest Shows of All Time. By 1967, Carol Burnett had been a popular veteran of television for 12 years, having made her first appearances in 1955 on such programs as The Paul Winchell Show and the sitcom Stanley starring the comedian Buddy Hackett.
In 1959, she became a regular supporting cast member on the CBS-TV variety series The Garry Moore Show. Departing the Moore Show in the spring of 1962, she pursued other projects in film, Broadway productions, headlining her own television specials. Burnett signed a contract with CBS for 10 years which required her to do two guest appearances and a special a year. Within the first five years of this contract, she had the option to "push the button", a phrase the programming executives used, be put on the air in 30 one-hour variety shows, pay-or-play. After discussion with her husband Joe Hamilton, in the last week of the fifth year of the contract, Burnett decided to call the head of CBS Michael Dann and exercise the clause. Dann, explaining's Agnes. Burnett had no interest in doing a sitcom, because of the contract, CBS was obliged to give Burnett her own variety show. In addition to Carol Burnett, the cast consisted of: Vicki Lawrence Harvey Korman Lyle Waggoner Tim Conway Dick Van Dyke Comedic actor Harvey Korman had done many guest shots in TV sitcoms.
From 1963 to 1967, he had been a semi-regular on the CBS variety series The Danny Kaye Show. When Kaye's program ended in the spring of 1967, Korman was hired for The Carol Burnett Show. Lyle Waggoner, sometimes used to play the handsome man for Burnett to fawn over, was hired as the show's announcer in addition to playing in sketches. Vicki Lawrence, a young singer from The Young Americans wrote a letter to Burnett when she was 17, remarking on their physical resemblance; this led to her audition and getting hired to play Burnett's kid sister in numerous "Carol and Sis" sketches. Jim Nabors was the guest star on every season premiere of the show. Burnett considered Nabors to be her good luck charm. In addition, several notable actors were used in the comedy sketches in featured roles in the first season, such as William Schallert, Isabel Sanford, Reta Shaw; the popular variety show not only established Burnett as a television superstar, but it made her regular supporting cast household names, with such sketches as "As the Stomach Turns", "Went with the Wind!", "Carol & Sis", "Mrs. Wiggins", "The Family", "Nora Desmond", "Stella Toddler".
A frequent repeated segment was "Kitchen Commercials", in which cast members parodied TV commercials that drove a woman crazy. The long-running show was nominated for Emmys for best variety series and won three times. A favorite feature consisted of an unrehearsed question-and-answer segment with the audience in CBS Studio 33 lasting about three to four minutes at the start of most shows. Burnett stated that she borrowed the concept from Garry Moore, who did the same on his variety show, but never taped it. Burnett asked for the lights to be turned up and randomly picked audience members who raised their hands. Burnett ad-libbed funny answers, but ended up as the straight man. For example: Young woman: "Have you taken acting lessons?" Carol: "Yes, I have." Young woman: "Do you think it did any good?"The show was rehearsed each day until its two Friday tapings. Differently colored cue cards were used for each major performer; the second taping was routine until Tim Conway came aboard as a guest star.
As a recurring guest star from the show's launch and a regular cast member, Conway provided unrehearsed bits to sketches that became known to the staff as "Conway's Capers". Conway would ad-lib bizarre scenarios during the second; some notable clips included Conway as a Nazi interrogator berating an American captive. Using a Hitler puppet and a pencil as a "club", Conway sang three verses of "I've Been Working on the Railroad" as Waggoner tried in vain to ignore him. Some, like the Hitler puppet, made it into the final broadcast. Conway's favorite victim was Harvey Korman, who br
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea