Panda Bear (album)
Panda Bear is the self-titled debut solo album by the Baltimore musician Noah Lennox who became a founding member of Animal Collective. The album was the first use of the Panda Bear moniker which he continued to use while performing with group, it was released on June 1999 shortly before his 21st birthday on the label Soccer Star Records. The label was formed by himself and fellow future Animal Collective member and childhood friend Deakin and was founded only to release this album; however the label morphed into Animal and the existing label Paw Tracks. This album marks the first Animal Collective related release, apart from the EP, "Paddington Band", a recording by the Animal Collective precursor, Automine which featured all other members of the future group except for Lennox himself; the exact number of compact discs produced is unknown, but can be assumed to be small because the label had no distribution network at the time. It was paid out of pocket by Lennox and Dibb themselves; the aforementioned factors as well as lack of awareness and interest led to the album becoming out of print.
Lennox commented on the possibility of a reissue in 2004. Lennox became interested in electronic music and other forms of experimental music as a teenager. Feeling inspired, he began recording compositions of his own to tape under the name "Panda Bear", he chose the name because he began drawing pictures of pandas, on the tapes. These recordings became the structure of the eventual album. Lennox commented on his approach to making the record in 2004. "Inside a Great Stadium and a Running Race" "Mich mit einer Mond" "On the Farm" "Ohne Titel" "Fire!" "O Please Bring Her Back" "Ain't Got No Troubles" "Winter in St. Moritz" "Liebe auf den Ersten Blick" "A Musician and a Filmmaker" "We Built a Robot" "Sometimes When It Hurts Bad Enough It Feels Like This" "A Lover Once Can No Longer Now Be a Friend" "Ohne Titel"
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en
Animal Collective is an American experimental pop band formed in Baltimore, Maryland in 2003. Its members and founders are Avey Tare, Panda Bear and Geologist; the band's music is characterized by studio experimentation, vocal harmonies, an exploration of various genres which include freak folk, noise rock, ambient drone, psychedelia. Records released under the name "Animal Collective" may include contributions from any or all of its members. In the case of Dibb, who takes breaks from recording and performing with the band, his time off does not constitute full leave; the band members met in school and started recording together in various forms of collaboration from a young age. A duo comprising Lennox and Portner, the collective was not established until all four members came together for the album Here Comes the Indian. Most prior collaborations between the band members were retroactively classified under Animal Collective's discography. In 1999, they established the record label Paw Tracks, issuing what is now considered their debut album, Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished, as well as work by other artists.
In 2009, the band released Merriweather Post Pavilion. Its rich, reverb-heavy sound proved influential to much subsequent popular music. Animal Collective grew out of childhood friendships in Baltimore County. Noah Lennox and Josh Dibb met in the second grade at the Waldorf School of Baltimore and became good friends. After the eighth grade, Lennox went away to a Waldorf high school in Pennsylvania, while Dibb enrolled at The Park School of Baltimore, where David Portner had studied since grade school. In 1993, Brian Weitz moved from Philadelphia to Baltimore County and began attending Park as well, becoming friends with Portner. According to Lennox, they attended "progressive" schools that emphasized creativity and artistic self-expression as part of "a complete kind of education". Weitz and Portner started playing music together at the age of fifteen because of their shared love of the band Pavement and horror movies, their musical range included cover songs by Pavement and The Cure as well as the songs "Poison" by Bell Biv DeVoe and "Seasons In The Sun" by Terry Jacks.
When Portner and Weitz met Dibb in high school, they started an indie rock band called Automine with schoolmates Brendan Fowler and David Shpritz, being the only ones they knew who wrote their own songs. "We set up a show with four bands—bands that were different formations of us", Portner remembered in an interview with Baltimore City Paper. At that time, the group did not have any contact to the music scene in Baltimore and "was more about the back porch." In 1995, Automine self-released the 7-inch-single Paddington Band. Around that time, they had their first experiences with psychedelic drugs like LSD and started to improvise while playing music; the four started to discover psychedelic and experimental music like Noggin, as well as krautrock-related bands such as Silver Apples and Can. Meanwhile, Dibb had introduced Lennox to Portner and Weitz, the four of them began playing music in different group lineups, producing several home recordings and swapping them and sharing ideas. Using a drum machine for the first time and Portner started a duo called Wendy Darling, whose sound was inspired by soundtracks of horror movies like The Texas Chain Saw Massacre and The Shining György Ligeti and Krzysztof Penderecki.
In 1997, Lennox and Dibb both went off to college in the Boston area, while Portner and Weitz attended schools in New York City. Lennox and Dibb assembled Lennox's debut album, Panda Bear, during this time from the multitude of recordings Lennox had made in the previous years and established their own label, Soccer Star Records, to release it. Abhorring the new life as a student at NYU, along with Weitz, returned to Maryland every summer to meet Lennox and Dibb and play music together. At that time Portner was working on a record, which would become Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished. Portner asked Lennox to play drums on the record and they recorded them along with piano and acoustic guitars in the summer of 1999; the rest of the year, Portner returned to Maryland on weekends to record overdubs and finish the mixing. It was released in the following summer under the name Avey Tare and Panda Bear. Soccer Star morphed into the Animal label, with the intention of putting out music that came from the four musicians.
In parallel with his environmental policy and marine biology studies, Weitz hosted a noise show at WKCR, Columbia's college radio station. On weekends, he and Portner borrowed avant-garde music records and listened to them all night at Weitz's dorm room which broadened their musical horizon. In the summer of 2000, the four friends spent several months at Portner's apartment in downtown New York City intensely playing music together using antiquated synthesizers, acoustic guitars, household objects. According to Lennox, in this summer the basis for all of Animal Collective's music was created. However, all recordings of this period were stolen when Portner changed apartments and packed up the car the night before he moved. While studying, Dave Portner organized shows at New York University for a while; as he had class together with Eric Copeland, he organized a show for his band Black Dice and became friends with him. In 2000, Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished was finished and Dibb left school in Boston and moved to New York and the group's music became mu
Mr Noah is the first extended play album by American recording artist Panda Bear, released in 2014. The title track was featured on the 2015 full-length album Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper, while the other 3 songs were not
Carrots/KKKKK is a split record between Excepter and Animal Collective member Panda Bear. It was limited to 1,000 copies; this is Panda Bear's third single for his 2007 album Person Pitch. "Carrots" consists of two sections: "Good Girl" and "Carrots". "Good Girl" lasts for the first four and a half minutes, segues into "Carrots", which itself consists of two separate sections, the last one starting at the eight minute mark. The first section contains a sample of "Radio Calcutta #2" from the Sublime Frequencies album "Radio India: The Eternal Dream Of Sound"; the second part contains samples of "Enter the Dragon" by Lee "Scratch" Perry and "Someday" by Kylie Minogue, the last section of the song contains a sample taken from Kraftwerk's song "Ananas Symphonie" from their 1973 album Ralf und Florian. The interplay between the song's three movements illustrates a statement made by Panda in an interview on Ma Fama radio, in which he discussed the idea of performing songs the way a DJ would play records, blending samples that have different BPM which would result in discordant polyrhythms.
Excepter's side contains fragments of two live versions of "Knock Knock," whose lyrics are inspired by the traditional folk song illustrated on the sleeve, "King Kong Kitchie Kitchie Ki Me O". Side A - "Carrots": "Good Girl" "Carrots"Side B - "KKKKK": "Lypse 2" "Who's There" "Knock Knock" "Jrone" "O Rly?" Junkmedia Review1Interview and performance on Ma Fama radio
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument, sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater. The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments, following the human voice; the percussion section of an orchestra most contains instruments such as timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals and tambourine. However, the section can contain non-percussive instruments, such as whistles and sirens, or a blown conch shell. Percussive techniques can be applied to the human body, as in body percussion. On the other hand, keyboard instruments, such as the celesta, are not part of the percussion section, but keyboard percussion instruments such as the glockenspiel and xylophone are included. Percussion instruments are most divided into two classes: Pitched percussion instruments, which produce notes with an identifiable pitch, unpitched percussion instruments, which produce notes or sounds without an identifiable pitch. Percussion instruments may play not only rhythm, but melody and harmony.
Percussion is referred to as "the backbone" or "the heartbeat" of a musical ensemble working in close collaboration with bass instruments, when present. In jazz and other popular music ensembles, the pianist, bassist and sometimes the guitarist are referred to as the rhythm section. Most classical pieces written for full orchestra since the time of Haydn and Mozart are orchestrated to place emphasis on the strings and brass; however at least one pair of timpani is included, though they play continuously. Rather, they serve to provide additional accents. In the 18th and 19th centuries, other percussion instruments have been used, again sparingly; the use of percussion instruments became more frequent in the 20th century classical music. In every style of music, percussion plays a pivotal role. In military marching bands and pipes and drums, it is the beat of the bass drum that keeps the soldiers in step and at a regular speed, it is the snare that provides that crisp, decisive air to the tune of a regiment.
In classic jazz, one immediately thinks of the distinctive rhythm of the hi-hats or the ride cymbal when the word "swing" is spoken. In more recent popular music culture, it is impossible to name three or four rock, hip-hop, funk or soul charts or songs that do not have some sort of percussive beat keeping the tune in time; because of the diversity of percussive instruments, it is not uncommon to find large musical ensembles composed of percussion. Rhythm and harmony are all represented in these ensembles. Music for pitched percussion instruments can be notated on a staff with the same treble and bass clefs used by many non-percussive instruments. Music for percussive instruments without a definite pitch can be notated with a specialist rhythm or percussion-clef. Percussion instruments are classified by various criteria sometimes depending on their construction, ethnic origin, function within musical theory and orchestration, or their relative prevalence in common knowledge; the word "percussion" derives from Latin the terms: "percussio", "percussus".
As a noun in contemporary English, Wiktionary describes it as "the collision of two bodies to produce a sound." The term has application in medicine and weaponry, as in percussion cap. However, all known uses of percussion appear to share a similar lineage beginning with the original Latin: "percussus". In a musical context the percussion instruments may have been coined to describe a family of musical instruments including drums, metal plates, or blocks that musicians beat or struck to produce sound. Hornbostel–Sachs has no high-level section for percussion. Most percussion instruments are classified as membranophones; however the term percussion is instead used at lower-levels of the Hornbostel–Sachs hierarchy, including to identify instruments struck with either a non-sonorous object or against a non-sonorous object. This is opposed to concussion, which refers to instruments with two or more complementary sonorous parts that strike against each other and other meanings. For example: 111.1 Concussion idiophones or clappers, played in pairs and beaten against each other, such as zills and clapsticks.
111.2 Percussion idiophones, includes many percussion instruments played with the hand or by a percussion mallet, such as the hang and the xylophone, but not drums and only some cymbals. 21 Struck drums, includes most types of drum, such as the timpani, snare drum, tom-tom. (Included in most drum sets or 412.12 Percussion reeds, a class of wind instrument unrelated to percussion in the more common sense There are many instruments that have some claim to being percussion, but are classified otherwise: Keyboard instruments such as the celesta and piano. Stringed instruments played with beaters such as the hammered dulcimer. Unpitched whistles and similar instruments, such as the pea whistle and Acme siren. Percussion instruments are sometimes classified as "pitched" or "unpitched". While valid, this classification is seen as inadequate. Rather, it may be more informative to describe percussion instruments in regards to one or more of the following four paradigms: Many texts, including Teaching Percussion by Gary Cook of the University of Arizona, begin by studying the physica
Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper
Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper is the fifth studio album by American recording artist Panda Bear. It was released on January 2015 by the Domino Recording Company. Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper was preceded by the digital release of an extended play, Mr Noah, two singles, "Mr Noah" and "Boys Latin", it was followed by the extended play Crosswords. Having recorded his bleaker previous album Tomboy in a basement, Lennox wanted to go into the opposite direction on Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper, aiming for a more "lively" and "busy" sound, he began working on the album while working on Animal Collective's Centipede Hz in Texas. Sonic Boom, who mixed and mastered Panda Bear's previous album Tomboy, co-produced the album; the two spent two weeks in November 2013 refining demo recordings Panda Bear had made at home and spent five weeks, beginning in January 2014, finishing the album. Sonic Boom mixed the album on the Balearic island of Menorca. About the album title, Lennox said "It's about presenting something that we don't have an easy time dealing with in a costume that's just a little bit more clown-y."
It was inspired by the titles of 1970s dub collaboration albums such as Augustus Pablo Meets Lee Perry and the Wailers Band and King Tubby Meets Rockers Uptown. The lyrical themes of the album center around personal growth, although Lennox wanted to discuss issues on a larger scale because he wanted to avoid "self-obsession or narcissism"; the drum programming on Panda Bear Meets. Lennox cited Dust Brothers, Q-Tip, A Tribe Called Quest, Pete Rock, DJ Premier, 9th Wonder, J Dilla as influences; the opening track, "Sequential Circuits", is a neo-psychedelia song, described as "swirling" and "a pure as a babbling brook". "Tropic of Cancer" contains a harp sample from the Nutcracker suite and its lyrics concern the death of Panda Bear's father. His vocal harmonies on the song were compared to those of The Beach Boys. In March 2014, Lennox announced a North American tour for May during which he would be performing tracks from the new album. From July through September, he toured North America. On January 11, 2015, Lennox played a Boiler Room set at MoMA PS1.
Three days he performed "Boys Latin" on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon. Lennox toured his show throughout Europe in March 2015, he performed at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on April 12 and 19 and gave seven more North American performances across April and early May. Lennox performed at festivals for the rest of May and mid-June, including Shaky Knees Festival in Atlanta, Lightning in a Bottle Festival in Bradley, Primavera Sound Festival in Barcelona and Pitchfork Music Festival in Chicago. Lennox released a mixtape called PB vs. GR on September 11, 2014. On October 23, Lennox released the EP Mr Noah and made Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper available for pre-order; that day saw the release of the album's first single, "Mr Noah", a music video directed by AB/CD/CD. A teaser video for the album, directed by Danny Perez, was released on October 29; the second single, "Boys Latin", was released on December 15, was accompanied by a music video directed by Isaiah Saxon and Sean Hellfritsch.
The music video had its premiere on Adult Swim. A "Boys Latin" remix by Andy Stott was released on March 2, 2015. A music video for the track "Tropic of Cancer" was directed by fellow Animal Collective member Dave Portner and released on April 8. On January 4, 2015, Lennox began his global radio campaign to premiere nine new tracks from the album. Various radio stations from around the world each premiered different tracks. Two days he launched an interactive website including music by him and Sonic Boom, videos by Danny Perez, as well as graphics by Marco Papiro and Hugo Oliveira. A short documentary detailing the creation, Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper, directed by Sam Fleischner, was released on January 29. Panda Bear Meets. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from critics, the album received an average score of 82, based on 34 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim". Robin Murray of Clash complimented Panda Bear's use of his "perfect" tenor on "Mr Noah".
Writing for Consequence of Sound, Adam Kivel lauded the "multivalent" production of the album but criticized Panda Bear's choice not to deviate from his signature sound. Matthew Ritchie of Exclaim! Commended Panda Bear's lyrics and "expansive and resonating melodies" that were presented on the album. Writing for Now, Samantha Edwards praised Panda Bear's vocals and their diversity throughout the album. Jake Kennedy of Record Collector appreciated Panda Bear's ability to experiment. All tracks written by Noah Lennox, except "Davy Jones' Locker" and "Shadow of the Colossus", by Peter Kember. Sample credits "Crosswords" contains a sample of "Ashley's Roachclip", performed by The Soul Searchers. "Tropic of Cancer" contains samples of "Fragments of the ballet "The Nutcracker" Pas de Deux". "Lonely Wanderer" contains a sample of "Arabesque No. 1" in E major, composed by Claude Debussy, performed by François-Joël Thiollier. Credits adapted from the liner notes of Panda Bear Meets the Grim Reaper. Noah Lennox – JoMoX Xbase 999, Yamaha TX81Z, Moog Voyager, Elektron DPS-1, piano, percussion, art direction Rob Carmichael – layout Simon Davey – mastering Joaquim Monte – engineering Hugo Oliveira – interior illustration Marco Papiro – cover illustrations Seen – art direction, layout Pedro Silve – assistant engineering Sonic Boom – EMS Synthi AKS, Fenix II Modular, Moog Voyager, effects, mixing, art direction