Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Scottish Premier League
The Scottish Premier League was the top level league competition for professional football clubs in Scotland. The league was founded in 1998, it was abolished in 2013, when the SPL and SFL merged to form the new Scottish Professional Football League, with its top division being known as the Scottish Premiership. A total of 19 clubs competed in the SPL, but only the Old Firm clubs and Rangers won the league championship. For most of its history, the Scottish Football League had a two divisional structure between which clubs were promoted and relegated at the end of each season. However, by the mid-1970s, this organisation was perceived to be stagnant, it was decided to split into a three divisional structure: Premier Division, First Division and a newly added Second Division; this system came into force for the 1975–76 season. This setup continued until the 1994 -- 95 season; this involved the creation of a Third Division, with all four divisions consisting of ten clubs. On 8 September 1997, the clubs in the Premier Division decided to split from the Scottish Football League and form a Scottish Premier League.
This followed an earlier example in England. This decision was fuelled by a desire by the top clubs in Scotland to retain more of the revenue generated by the game. League sponsorship money was divided proportionally between clubs in all four divisions. After the SPL was formed, its clubs retained all of its commercial revenues except for an annual payment to the SFL and a parachute payment to relegated clubs. Teams received three points for one point for a draw. No points were awarded for a loss. Teams were ranked by total points goal difference, goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points was crowned league champion. If points were equal, the goal difference and goals scored determine the winner; the SPL contained 10 clubs, but it subsequently enlarged to 12 for the 2000–01 season and retained this structure until 2013. The increase from 10 clubs to 12 was part of the deal offered to obtain approval from SFL member clubs. After the expansion to 12 clubs, the SPL operated a "split" format.
This was done to prevent the need for a 44-match schedule, based on playing each other four times. That format had been used in the Scottish Premier Division but was considered to be too high a number of matches in a league season. A season, which runs from August until May, was divided into two phases. During the first phase, each club played three matches against every other team, either once at home and twice away, or vice versa. After this first phase of matches, by which time all clubs had played 33 matches, the league split into a "top six" and a "bottom six"; each club played a further five matches against the other five teams in their own section. Points achieved during the first phase of 33 matches were carried forward to the second phase, but the teams competed only within their own sections during the second phase. After the first phase was completed, clubs could not move out of their own section in the league if they achieved more or fewer points than a higher or lower ranked team, respectively.
At the beginning of each season, the SPL "predicted" the positions of each club in order to produce a fixture schedule that ensured the best possible chance of all clubs playing each other twice at home and twice away. This was based on clubs' performance in previous years. If a club did not finish in the half where it was predicted to finish, it faced the possibility of playing an unequal number of home and away matches. For example, one club would sometimes play another three times at home and once away. There was criticism of the split season format. In April 2007, Craig Levein labelled it as "rubbish" and a "nonsense", claiming it resulted in lost revenue for clubs and put more pressure on managers, while Rangers manager Walter Smith branded the format as "unfair" and called for an 18-team league to be considered. However, the SPL defended the split format, dismissing the possibility of expanding the league due to a lack of strong enough clubs within the Scottish Football League. In March 2008, Kilmarnock manager Jim Jefferies was the latest to call for a league revamp, claiming the potential for four matches per season against the same opponent was too many.
The bottom placed SPL club at the end of the season was relegated, swapped places with the winner of the Scottish First Division, provided that the winner satisfied the SPL entry criteria. These promotion criteria sometimes caused controversy. In 2003, the chairmen of the member clubs voted against Falkirk's proposed ground share with Airdrie United and stopped the club from having the 10,000 capacity stadium it required, therefore saving Motherwell from relegation; the same situation nearly materialised in 2004. After several votes and discussion, including threats of court cases from Partick Thistle, the team threatened with relegation, Inverness Caledonian Thistle were promoted on the basis that they would ground share with Aberdeen at Pittodrie. In 2005, the stadium size criterion for entry to the SPL was reduced to 6,000, thereby allowing Inverness Caledonian Thistle to return to their home stadium during the 2005–06 season. One of the main criticisms of the SPL was the dominance of the two Old Firm clubs and Rangers.
No team outside the Old Firm has won the Scottish league championship since 1985. Until Rangers were ejected from the SPL due to their liquidation, there was only one SPL season (20
Port Vale F.C.
Port Vale Football Club is a professional association football club based in Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent, England. The team compete in the fourth tier of the English football league system. Port Vale is one of the few English league clubs not to be named after a geographical location, their name being a reference to the valley of ports on the Trent and Mersey Canal, they have never played top-flight football, hold the records for the most seasons in the English Football League and in the second tier without reaching the first tier. After playing at the Athletic Ground in Cobridge and The Old Recreation Ground in Hanley, the club returned to Burslem when Vale Park was opened in 1950. Outside the ground is a statue to Roy Sproson; the club's traditional rivals are Stoke City, games between the two are known as the Potteries derby. After becoming one of the more prominent football clubs in Staffordshire, Burslem Port Vale were invited to become founder members of the Football League Second Division in 1892.
They spent 13 non-consecutive seasons in the division, punctuated by two seasons in the Midland League, before they resigned due to financial difficulties and entered liquidation in 1907. The name of Port Vale continued in the North Staffordshire Federation League, this new club were successful enough to be reinstated into the Football League in October 1919, they spent 16 non-consecutive seasons in the Second Division, punctuated by them winning the Third Division North title in 1929–30, before dropping back into the third tier for a much longer stay at the end of the 1935–36 campaign. The 1953–54 season saw manager Freddie Steele's "Iron Curtain" defence win both a Third Division North title and a semi-final place in the FA Cup, they failed to build on this success however, though went on to finish as champions of the first Fourth Division season under Norman Low's stewardship in 1958–59. The club had little success throughout the 1960s and 1970s, despite being managed by Stanley Matthews, in fact were forced to apply for re-election after breaking FA rules on illegal payments in 1968.
Gordon Lee guided the club to promotion back to the Third Division the following season, where they would remain until relegation at the end of the 1977–78 campaign. John McGrath steered the club to promotion in 1982–83, though he departed after relegation became inevitable the following season, his assistant, John Rudge, stepped up to become the club's longest-serving and most successful manager, leading the club from 1983 to 1999. Under his leadership Port Vale won promotions in 1985–86, 1988–89 and 1993–94, lifted the League Trophy in 1993 and reached a post-war record finish of eighth in the second tier in the 1996–97 season. After Rudge's reign ended the club entered a decline, slipping into the fourth tier whilst twice entering administration in 2003 and 2012; the decline was arrested when Norman Smurthwaite brought the club out of administration in 2012 and manager Micky Adams achieved automatic promotion from League Two in the 2012–13 season, though they were relegated back into League Two at the end of the 2016–17 season after a failed experiment with a continental staff and playing style.
The official story reported on the club website is that Port Vale F. C. was formed in 1876, following a meeting at Port Vale House, from where the club was supposed to have taken its name. However documented evidence of football from that era is scarce and comprehensive research by historian Jeff Kent indicated that it was formed in 1879 as an offshoot of Porthill Victoria F. C. and took its name from the valley of canal ports. In the club's early days the team played their football at Limekiln Lane and from 1880 at Westport; the club moved to Moorland Road in Burslem in 1884, changing its name to Burslem Port Vale in the process, though stayed in Burslem for just one year before both turning professional and moving to Cobridge to play at the Athletic Ground. In 1892 the club were invited to become founder members of the Football League Second Division after proving themselves a strong club in the Midland League, they spent 13 seasons in the Second Division either side of a two season return to the Midland League.
The club were forced to resign from the league at the end of the 1906–07 season and were subsequently liquidated. However the name of Port Vale was continued after ambitious minor league side Cobridge Church opted to change their name; the new club subsequently moved into their new home of the Old Recreation Ground in Hanley in 1912, returned to the Football League in October 1919, taking over the fixture list of Leeds City in the Second Division, who were forced to disband because of financial irregularities. Wilf Kirkham made his Vale debut in October 1923, over the next ten years would score a club record 164 league and cup goals, including a club record 41 goals in the 1926–27 campaign; the club were relegated for the first time at the end of the 1928–29 season, going from the Second Division to the Third Division North. They came up as champions the following season and in the 1930–31 season they placed fifth in the second tier of English football, their highest league finish. Vale went to beat Chesterfield by a club record 9–1 margin on 24 September 1932.
However after these achievements the club were once again relegated in the 1935–36 season and remained in the third tier until World War II. Port Vale moved into their new home of Vale Park in 1950, a year Freddie Steele was appointed club manager. Steele established himself at the club, masterminding the celebrated'Iron Curtain' defence; the 1953–54 season saw Vale winning the Third Division North title as well as reaching the semi-finals of the FA C
Peter Jackson (footballer, born 1961)
Peter Allan Jackson is a football manager and former footballer. He has had two spells as Huddersfield Town manager, whom he helped win the Division Three play-off in 2004, he has managed Lincoln City, before taking charge at his former playing club Bradford City in 2011; as a player, Jackson started his career with his hometown club Bradford City, where as the club's youngest captain, he lifted the Third Division title in 1985 on the day of the Bradford City stadium fire. He moved to top flight side Newcastle United, he played more than 300 games in total for City, before moving to Huddersfield Town and Chester City. He amassed a century of games for both of those before finishing his career with Halifax Town, he played as a central defender for Bradford City, Newcastle United, Huddersfield Town, Chester City and Halifax Town, enjoying a strong rapport with most supporters and was club captain. In May 1985, Jackson collected the Division Three championship with Bradford City, but his day was to turn into a nightmare when 56 spectators were killed in a horrendous stand fire while playing Lincoln City.
Jackson was a regular at funerals of spectators in the weeks. Jackson moved to Huddersfield Town in 1990, he became club-captain under Eoin Hand, Ian Ross and Neil Warnock, he was Reserve Team Coach, along with Kevin Blackwell, in 1993 at Huddersfield until the end of the 1993–94 season. He became a fans' favourite at Huddersfield Town and was included as such in the 2006 book "100 Fans' Favourites" written by Alisdair Straughan and published by Huddersfield Town for their Centenary. Jackson features on website Who Are Ya?! as both a Bradford City and a Huddersfield Town icon. He left Huddersfield for Chester in 1994 and played for non-league Halifax Town in 1997, he returned to Huddersfield Town when they gave him the opportunity to become manager in October 1997 replacing Brian Horton, after spending a few weeks playing for neighbours Halifax Town and putting them on course for a return to the Football League. He was assisted at Huddersfield by former Welsh manager Terry Yorath. In his first two seasons in charge he helped Town avoid relegation, helped them to 10th place in Division One.
However, he was controversially sacked by owner Barry Rubery in 1999 to make way for Steve Bruce. In 2003, he was re-appointed manager of a Huddersfield Town that had slid down to Division Three and were emerging from administration. In the 2003–04 season, Jackson put his faith in a squad containing promising young players. Town finished fourth to gain a place in the play-offs. Town beat Mansfield Town on penalties in the play-off final to be promoted in Jackson's first season back; the 2004–05 season saw Town finished ninth, just missing out the play-off places for promotion to the Championship. Town had a great start to the 2005–06 campaign with Jackson winning Manager of the Month for August 2005 and after finishing fourth and making the League One Play-Offs, they lost 3–2 to Barnsley on aggregate. On 18 May 2006, he signed a two-year extension to his contract that would have seen him managing the club until 2009. Jackson was sent to the stands on 12 August 2006 after grabbing Bristol City's Lee Johnson around the throat in a touchline altercation 10 minutes from time in Huddersfield's 2–1 win over Bristol City.
On 30 August 2006, it was announced that the Football Association would charge Jackson over the incident and Jackson said he would appeal against the charge. He was forced to pay £ 300, rather than serve a touchline ban. On 6 March 2007, Jackson left Huddersfield with his contract cancelled by mutual consent. Jackson's last game in charge was a 5–1 defeat to Nottingham Forest on 3 March 2007. A statement from the board said: "The Board's stated minimum aim at the start of the season was to achieve a Play-Off position, but due to our form and the inability to attract key players, this objective is now looking remote." On 30 October 2007, he was appointed as manager of League Two side Lincoln City who were bottom of the Football League. His first game in charge ended in a 1–0 home defeat to former club Chester City three days when he had a disagreement with the referee at the final whistle resulting in a touchline ban. In February 2008, he was diagnosed with throat cancer and announced that his treatment would commence in March.
Lincoln won five of their six games in February to lift them clear of the relegation places and Jackson was named the League Two manager of the month. He was presented with his award in his final game before beginning treatment, when his side defeated Wycombe Wanderers 1–0 to lift them up to 14th in the table. In his absence, Lincoln were managed by Jackson's assistant Iffy Onuora, with assistance from Youth Team Coach Grant Brown. In June 2008, Jackson's doctors told him the treatment had been a success, but he will need regular check-ups until 2013, to ensure he does not relapse, he returned to action and in January 2009 signed a new contract with Lincoln to keep him at the club until 2011. After a 1–0 loss in a Football League Trophy game to Darlington on 1 September 2009, Lincoln City parted company with Peter Jackson along with assistant Iffy Onoura; the Lincoln board cited the club's poor home form over the previous season and poor start to the present season as reasons for their decision.
Jackson applied to succeed his former teammate Stuart McCall at Bradford City, the club where he started his career. He was shortlisted for the vacancy but the board appointed Peter Taylor instead of Jackson. In March 2010, he joined his wife Alison, as a director of home care franchise Caremark Calderdale which provides care at home for elderly and disabled people as
Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan, it borders Guinea and Liberia to the west, Burkina Faso and Mali to the north, Ghana to the east, the Gulf of Guinea to the south. Before its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, Baoulé; the area became a protectorate of France in 1843 and was consolidated as a French colony in 1893 amid the European scramble for Africa. It achieved independence in 1960, led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny, who ruled the country until 1993. Stable by regional standards, Ivory Coast established close political and economic ties with its West African neighbors while at the same time maintaining close relations to the West France. Ivory Coast experienced a coup d'état in 1999 and two religiously-grounded civil wars, first between 2002 and 2007 and again during 2010–2011.
In 2000, the country adopted a new constitution. Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive power vested in its president. Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, though it went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil. Only around 2014 has GDP per capita in the country again reached the level of its peak in the 1970s. In the 21st century, the Ivorian economy is market-based and still relies on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being dominant; the official language is French, with local indigenous languages widely used, including Baoulé, Dan and Cebaara Senufo. In total there are around 78 languages spoken in Ivory Coast. There are large populations of Muslims and various indigenous religions. Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa roughly, into four "coasts" reflecting local economies.
The coast that the French named the Côte d'Ivoire and the Portuguese named the Costa Do Marfim—both mean "Coast of Ivory"—lay between what was known as the Guiné de Cabo Verde, so-called "Upper Guinea" at Cap-Vert, Lower Guinea. There was a Pepper Coast known as the "Grain Coast", a "Gold Coast", a "Slave Coast". Like those, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of the coast: the export of ivory. Other names included the Côte de Dents "Coast of Teeth", again reflecting the trade in ivory. One can find the name Cote de Dents used in older works, it was used in Duckett's Dictionnaire and by Nicolas Villault de Bellefond, for example, although Antoine François Prévost used Côte d'Ivoire. In the 19th century, usage switched to Côte d'Ivoire; the coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" or "Ivory" coast, considered to stretch from Cape Palmas to Cape Three Points and, thus now divided between the modern states of Ghana and Ivory Coast.
It retained the name through French rule and independence in 1960. The name had long since been translated into other languages, which the post-independence government considered troublesome whenever its international dealings extended beyond the Francophone sphere. Therefore, in April 1986, the government declared that Côte d'Ivoire would be its formal name for the purposes of diplomatic protocol, since officially refuses to recognize or accept any translation from French to another language in its international dealings. Despite the Ivorian government's request, the English translation "Ivory Coast" is still used in English by various media outlets and publications; the first human presence in Ivory Coast has been difficult to determine because human remains have not been well preserved in the country's humid climate. However, newly found weapon and tool fragments have been interpreted as a possible indication of a large human presence during the Upper Paleolithic period, or at the minimum, the Neolithic period.
The earliest known inhabitants of Ivory Coast have left traces scattered throughout the territory. Historians believe that they were all either displaced or absorbed by the ancestors of the present indigenous inhabitants, who migrated south into the area before the 16th century; such groups included the Kotrowou, Zéhiri, Ega and Diès. The first recorded history appears in the chronicles of North African traders, from early Roman times, conducted a caravan trade across the Sahara in salt, slaves and other goods; the southern terminals of the trans-Saharan trade routes were located on the edge of the desert, from there supplemental trade extended as far south as the edge of the rain forest. The more important terminals—Djenné, Timbuctu—grew into major commercial centres around which the great Sudanic empires developed. By controlling the trade routes with their powerful military forces, these empires were able
Millwall Football Club is a professional football club in Bermondsey, South East London, England. The team competes in the second tier of English football. Founded as Millwall Rovers in 1885, the club has retained its name despite having last played in the Millwall area of the Isle of Dogs in 1910. From until 1993 the club played at what is now called The Old Den in New Cross, before moving to its current home stadium nearby, called The Den; the traditional club crest is a lion rampant, referred to in the team's nickname'The Lions'. Millwall's traditional kit consists of white shorts and blue socks. In Millwall's 91 seasons in the Football League from 1920–21 to 2017–18, the club have been promoted eleven times and relegated nine times, they have spent the majority of their existence yo-yoing between the second and third tier of the Football League. The team spent two seasons in the top flight between 1988 and 1990, in which the club achieved its highest finish of tenth place in the First Division.
In 2004, the team reached the FA Cup final and qualified for the UEFA Cup, playing in Europe for the first time in their history. The club has reached the FA Cup semi-finals in 1900, 1903, 1937, 2013 and the League Cup quarter-finals in 1974, 1977 and 1995. Millwall have won two League One playoff finals in 2010 and 2017, the Football League Group Cup in 1983, finished runners-up in the Football League Trophy in 1999. In the media, Millwall's supporters have been associated with hooliganism, with numerous films having been made fictionalising their notoriety; the fans are renowned for their chant "No one likes us, we don't care". Millwall have a long-standing rivalry with West Ham United; the local derby between the two sides has been contested a hundred times since 1899. The club share a rivalry with Leeds United, contest the South London derby with local rivals Crystal Palace and Charlton Athletic. Millwall Rovers were formed by the workers of J. T. Morton's canning and preserve factory in the Millwall area of the Isle of Dogs in London's East End in 1885.
Founded in Aberdeen in 1849 to supply sailing ships with food, the company opened their first English cannery and food processing plant at Millwall dock in 1872 and attracted a workforce from across the country, including the east coast of Scotland Dundee. The club secretary was 17-year-old Jasper Sexton, the son of the landlord of The Islander pub in Tooke Street where Millwall held their club meetings. Millwall Rovers' first fixture was held on a piece of waste ground on Glengall Road, on 3 October 1885 against Fillebrook, a team that played in Leytonstone; the newly formed team were beaten 5–0. Rovers found a better playing surface for the 1886–87 season, at the rear of the Lord Nelson pub and it became known as the Lord Nelson Ground. In November 1886, the East End Football Association was formed, along with the Senior Cup Competition. Millwall made it to the final against London Caledonians, played at Leyton Cricket Ground; the match finished the teams shared the cup for six months each.
Millwall won the East London Senior Cup at the first attempt. The club won the cup in the following two years, the trophy became their property. In April 1889, a resolution was passed for Millwall to drop "Rovers" from their name, they began playing under the name Millwall Athletic, inspired by their move to their new home The Athletic Grounds, they were founding members of the Southern Football League which they won for the first two years of its existence, were runners-up in its third. They were forced to move to a new ground North Greenwich in 1901, as the Millwall Dock Company wanted to use their land as a timberyard. Millwall Athletic reached the semi-finals of the FA Cup in 1900 and 1903, were champions of the Western Football League in 1908 and 1909. Millwall moved to a new stadium, named The Den, in New Cross, South London in 1910; the club had occupied four different grounds in the 25 years since their formation in East London. The estimated cost of The Den was £10,000; the first match played at the new ground was on 22 October 1910 against reigning Southern League champions Brighton & Hove Albion, who won 1–0.
Millwall, who had now dropped "Athletic" from their name, were invited to join the Football League in 1920 for the 1920–21 season, along with 22 other clubs, through the creation of the new Football League Third Division. The Southern League was shorn of its status, with all its clubs deciding to leave—Millwall followed suit. Millwall's first Football League match was on 28 August 1920 at The Den, they were 2–0 winners against Bristol Rovers. In the 1925–26 season Millwall had 11 consecutive clean sheets, a Football League record, which they hold jointly with York City and Reading. Millwall became known as a hard-fighting Cup team and competed in various memorable matches, notably defeating three-time league winners and reigning champions Huddersfield Town 3–1 in the third round of the 1926–27 FA Cup. In the 1927–28 season Millwall won the Third Division South title and scored 87 goals at home in the league, an English record which still stands. Matches against Sunderland and Derby County saw packed crowds of 48,000-plus in the 1940s.
Their 1937 FA Cup run saw Millwall reach the semi-finals for the third time, a fifth-round game against Derby still stands as Millwall's record attendance of 48,762. Millwall were the 11th best supported team in England despite being in the Second Division. Millwall were one of the most financially wealthy clubs in England; the club proposed signed international players. Wi
Milton Keynes Dons F.C.
Milton Keynes Dons Football Club abbreviated to MK Dons, is a professional association football club based in Milton Keynes, England. The team compete in League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system, following relegation from League One at the end of the 2017–18 season; the club was founded in 2004, following Wimbledon F. C.'s controversial relocation to Milton Keynes from south London, when it adopted its present name and home colours. Based at the National Hockey Stadium, the club competed as Milton Keynes Dons from the start of the 2004–05 season. After two seasons in League One, they were relegated to League Two in 2006; the club moved to their current ground, Stadium MK, for the 2007–08 season, in which they won the League Two title and the Football League Trophy under the management of Paul Ince. After seven further seasons in League One, the club won promotion to the Championship in 2015 under the management of Karl Robinson. Milton Keynes Dons have built a reputation for youth development, run 16 disability teams and their football trust engages around 60,000 people.
The club runs a women's association football side, Milton Keynes Dons L. F. C. Milton Keynes, about 45 miles north-west of London in Buckinghamshire, was established as a new town in 1967. In the absence of a professional football club representing the town—none of the local non-league teams progressed through the English football league system or "pyramid" over the following decades—it was suggested that a Football League club might relocate there. There was no precedent in English league football for such a move between conurbations and the football authorities and most fans expressed strong opposition to the idea. Charlton Athletic mooted moving to "a progressive Midlands borough" during a planning dispute with their local council in 1973, the relocation of nearby Luton Town to Milton Keynes was suggested from the 1980s onwards. Another team linked with the new town was Wimbledon Football Club. Wimbledon, established in south London in 1889 and nicknamed "the Dons", were elected to the Football League in 1977.
They thereafter went through a "fairytale" rise from obscurity and by the end of the 1980s were established in the top division of English football. Despite Wimbledon's new prominence, the club's modest home stadium at Plough Lane remained unchanged from its non-league days; the club's then-owner Ron Noades identified this as a problem as early as 1979, extending his dissatisfaction to the ground's location. Interested in the stadium site designated by the Milton Keynes Development Corporation, Noades planned to move Wimbledon there by merging with a non-league club in Milton Keynes, bought debt-ridden Milton Keynes City. However, Noades decided that the club would not gain sufficient support in Milton Keynes and abandoned the idea. In 1991, after the Taylor Report was published recommending the redevelopment of English football grounds, Wimbledon left Plough Lane to groundshare at Crystal Palace's ground, Selhurst Park, about 6 miles away. Sam Hammam, who owned Wimbledon, said the club could not afford to redevelop Plough Lane and that the groundshare was a temporary arrangement while a new ground was sourced in south-west London.
A new stadium for Wimbledon proved difficult to achieve. Frustrated by what he perceived as a lack of support from Merton Council, Hammam began to look further afield and by 1996 was pursuing a move to Dublin, an idea that most Wimbledon fans opposed. Hammam sold the club to two Norwegian businessmen, Kjell Inge Røkke and Bjørn Rune Gjelsten, in 1997, a year sold Plough Lane to Safeway supermarkets. Wimbledon were relegated from the Premier League at the end of the 1999–2000 season. Starting in 2000, a consortium led by music promoter Pete Winkelman and supported by Asda and IKEA proposed a large retail development in Milton Keynes including a Football League-standard stadium; the consortium proposed. In 2001 Røkke and Gjelsten appointed a new chairman, Charles Koppel, in favour of this idea, saying it was necessary to stop the club going out of business. To the fury of most Wimbledon fans, Koppel announced on 2 August 2001 that the club intended to relocate to Milton Keynes. After the Football League refused permission, Wimbledon launched an appeal, leading to a Football Association arbitration hearing and subsequently the appointment of a three-man independent commission to make a final and binding verdict.
The league and FA stated opposition but the commissioners ruled in favour, two to one, on 28 May 2002. Having campaigned against the move, a group of disaffected Wimbledon fans reacted to this in June 2002 by forming their own non-league club, AFC Wimbledon, to which most of the original team's support defected. AFC Wimbledon entered a groundshare agreement with Kingstonian in the borough of Kingston upon Thames, adjacent to Merton; the original Wimbledon intended to move to Milton Keynes but were unable to do so until a temporary home in the town meeting Football League criteria could be found. The club in June 2003 went into administration. With the move threatened and the club facing liquidation, Winkelman decided to buy it himself, he secured funding f