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Daramulum engraving in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park[1]

In Aboriginal cultures of south-east Australia, Daramulum (variations: Darhumulan, Daramulan, Dhurramoolun or Dharramaalan) (“one legged”, from dharra 'leg, thigh' + maal 'one' + -an suffix)[a][citation needed] is a sky hero associated with Baiame, and an emu-wife.[2] He is a shapeshifter.[3]

Engravings of Daramulum are sometimes accompanied by indentations that may represent star groups.[4]

Daramulum is depicted on rock art off Elvina Track in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, near to a carving of his emu-wife,[2] he is depicted in semi-profile, with one arm, an emu-back (i.e. pointed buttocks), and a large foot.[5]

His voice can be heard through the medium of the bullroarer which is whirled through the air during initiation ceremonies, he now lives in the trees of the bush, particularly in the burls or growths which are found on the trunks of trees, and only leaves them for initiation ceremonies. The bullroarer must be cut from a tree which contains his spirit for it to work.[citation needed]

For the Guringai, Daramulum is represented by the Alpha Crucis of the Southern Cross, with the remainder of the Cross representing the head of his emu wife (of the emu in the sky constellation).[3]

A religion centred on Darhumulan is an identifying feature of the Yuin nation.[6]


  • "Footprints on Rock", 1997, Sydney: Metropolitan Local Aboriginal Land Council. ISBN 0-7313-1002-0
  • "The Burbung of the Darkinung Tribes", 1897, Matthews, R.H., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 10, 1: 1-12
  • Daramulum on "Godchecker"
  • "Encyclopedia Mythica" http://the-kundalini.com/daramulum-the-aboriginal-god/
  1. ^ The "dh" is a dental consonant, pronounced like the 'd-th' in English "hid them".
  1. ^ "SNAMES AND SCIENCE". web.archive.org. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Elvina Track Engraving Site". Australia Telescope National Facility.
  3. ^ a b Cook, Myles Russell. "Take back the stars and wear the Southern Cross with pride". The Conversation. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  4. ^ Haynes, Roslynn D. "Astronomy and the Dreaming" (PDF).
  5. ^ "SNAMES AND SCIENCE". web.archive.org. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Application Details". www.nntt.gov.au. Retrieved 19 December 2018.