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Dardania (Roman province)

Dardania was a Roman province in the Central Balkans an unofficial region in Moesia a province administratively part of the Diocese of Moesia. It was named after the ancient Thraco-Illyrian tribe of the Dardani who inhabited the region prior to the Roman conquests in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, it is debated in scholarship whether the Dardani, after whom the region was named, were an Illyrian or Thracian people. It has been suggested that the region was populated by Thracians who came into contact with Illyrians over a long time period. Celts were present in Dardania in 279 BC. In 179 BC, the Bastarnae conquered the Dardani, who in 174 pushed them out, in a war which proved catastrophic, with a few years in 170 BC, the Macedonians defeating the Dardani. Macedonia and Illyria became Roman protectorates in 168 BC; the Scordisci, a tribe of Celtic origin, most subdued the Dardani in the mid-2nd century BC, after which there is for a long time no mention of the Dardani. In 97 BC the Dardani are mentioned again.

Dardanian slaves or freedmen at the time of the Roman conquest were of Paleo-Balkan origin, according to their personal names, noted as being of the "Central-Dalmatian type". Dardania was Romanized early on. After the Roman conquest, the pre-Roman Dardania was organized into the Moesia province. During the reign of Domitian, in 86, Moesia was subdivided into Lower Moesia; the old name of Dardania was used for a new province part of Moesia Superior. Ptolemy calls Dardania a special district of Moesia Superior; the Diocese of Moesia was a diocese established by Emperor Diocletian. During his reign, the diocese included 11 provinces, one of, Dardania. Dardania and Moesia Prima were established by dividing them from Moesia Superior under Diocletian. During or after emperor Constantine I, Dacia Mediterranea was created out of parts of Dardania and Thrace; the two new dioceses and Dacia, were grouped into the new praetorian prefecture of Illyricum in the second half of the 4th century, which covered the same area as the earlier Diocese of Moesia.

Little is known regarding Christianity in the Balkans in the three first centuries AD. Bishop Dacus of Macedonia, from Dardania, was present at the First Council of Nicaea. According to the Expositio totius mundi, Dardania supplied Macedonia with lard; the main centres of Roman Dardania were Scupi and Ulpiana. At the time of Moesia Superior, the towns in Dardania included Scupi, Ulpiana, Vicianum, Velanis, Dardapara and Damastion; the Romans occupied Naissos in the period of the "Dardanian War", set up a legionary camp. The city, because of its strategic position developed as an important garrison and market town of Moesia Superior; the Romans founded a mining town named municipium Dardanicum. The area remained part of the Eastern Roman, Byzantine Empire, after the Eastern–Western Roman split in the 5th century. Procopius used the old Roman provinces to describe the geography of the Balkans. According to Buildings of Justinian IV, there were 8 new and 61 restored fortifications in Dardania. Dardania was a region.

In 518 an earthquake devastated Dardania, followed by famine that killed much of the population and weakened the Empire's defences. Slavs overwhelmed the Balkans in the 6th century

Microgramma (typeface)

Microgramma is a sans serif font, designed by Aldo Novarese and Alessandro Butti for the Nebiolo Type Foundry in 1952. It became popular for use with technical illustrations in the 1960s and was a favourite of graphic designers by the early seventies, its uses ranging from publicity and publication design to packaging because of its availability as a Letraset typeface. Early typesetters incorporated it. Novarese developed Eurostile in 1962 similar to Microgramma. Eurostile added lower-case letters, a bold condensed variant, an ultra narrow design he called Eurostile Compact. Microgramma is always used in its extended and bold extended forms, it was a titling font with only uppercase letters. Versions, by Linotype and URW/Nebiolo, contain a lowercase as well, making it functionally identical to Eurostile; these digital versions include accented Latin characters, mathematical symbols, Latin ligatures. In the URW/Nebiolo version, there are extended Latin and superscripts, extended Latin ligatures.

Microgramma OnlyShadow is a variant of Microgramma Bold that contains only the shadows of Microgramma Extended Bold, designed by URW Studio and Aldo Novarese in 1994. Although Alessandro Butti died in 1959, URW credited him as the designer of the new font; the Euro sign in the font has a different weight, styled from a different font family, is not shadowed. Science fiction films and TV programmes started using the typeface. Microgramma and its related variations are used throughout the original Alien franchise films, as well as the more recent reincarnations. Weyland-Yutani, the primary corporate conglomerate within both the earlier and recent Alien films, features use of Microgamma and its Bold Extended typeface in its corporate logo, although not exclusively; the Microgramma Bold Extended typeface was used extensively in the Star Trek universe, such as Franz Joseph's The Star Trek Star Fleet Technical Manual. The font, in both its original and various altered forms, was incorporated into numerous displays and on ship exteriors in six of the Star Trek motion pictures, as well as depictions of "earlier technology" display screens for the Enterprise "prequel" series, during the four television series.

Following the 2016 WWE Brand Extension Draft and WWE Battleground 2016, WWE Raw unveiled a new logo which used Microgramma font, all title cards and graphics on the show used this font as well. Coincidentally, the following night, WWE SmackDown Live unveiled a new logo - although it did not use Microgramma, all title cards and graphics on the show used the font as well. 2001: A Space Odyssey 2010: The Year We Make Contact Back to the Future Back to the Future Part II The Andromeda Strain The Truman Show Disney/Pixar's The Incredibles. Convoy The Gerry Anderson TV series programmes Thunderbirds, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, Joe 90, Space: 1999, UFO. Rede Globo used the typeface in its programming from 1965 to 1976. Rede Globo return used the typeface of Show da Virada 2007-2008 Opening with Open Credits, "2001-2002", "2002-2003", "2003-2004" and "2005-2006" for new year countdown. Show da Virada is Rede Globo font. Nickelodeon's Drake & Josh used this typeface. Red Dwarf NBC News used the typeface in their graphics from 1990 to 1992 Deal or No Deal logo Ipaglaban Mo logo Saksi logo The Wall logo Used by Network Ten in their logo from 1991 to 2018 Used as the title text for the Eurovision Song Contest 1975 The Penn Central wordmark used Microgramma Bold Extended Italic.

The TRS-80 Color Computer keyboard. The Commodore VIC-20 keyboard; the Tame Impala logo. The Embraer logo The call letters in logos for MyNetworkTV affiliates; the Casio logo. The Ampex Corporation logo; the Halliburton logo. The IMAX logo; the KASKUS logo. The Occidental Petroleum logo; the Wicked Weasel logo. Both the current and previous logos of Toshiba use variants of Microgramma. Microgramma is the in-game Doom 3 font. Most user interface text in the StarCraft II video games. Homeworld game series; the Unicamp logo. Used by The Human League, on all pre-Dare releases. Was used on the cover of their compilations The Golden Hour of the Future, The Very Best Of and Original Remixes & Rarities. Used on Metallica's Master of Puppets album. Used on Sleater-Kinney's Dig Me Out album. Used by Radiohead in their breakthrough albums, The Bends and OK Computer; the logotype for the US rock band Hurt. The logotype for the band Pendulum. Used as part of the logos for the games Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver. Moog Prodigy front panel inscriptions.

Many automobile manufacturers in the 1980s and the 1990s, notably Chrysler, General Motors and Nissan, use Microgramma on the interior gauges and switches of their vehicles. Abarth use the font extensively. According to MasGrafx Racing Graphics, Microgramma is the font of several NASCAR numbers; some of these are in italics. Used by Red Bull Racing for their driver numbers. Microgramma was the logo font used by Alienware computers until 2016

Audra Cohen

Audra Marie Cohen is a former American professional tennis player. From Plantation, she was the # 1 collegiate female tennis player in the United States in 2007, she is the head women's tennis coach at the University of Oklahoma. Her career-high world rank was 229 in 271 in doubles. Cohen was born in California, is Jewish; when Cohen was a child, she first excelled at swimming, but she picked up a tennis racquet at the age of nine, became a self-described “club rat,” who would hit as much as possible – first at her local club in California, in Florida, where she relocated with her family when she was 12. She learned tennis at Bill Clark's Tennis Academy, she attended Miami Northwestern Senior High School in Florida. She won the Florida state championship in singles and doubles as a junior and a senior, was undefeated during both her junior and senior seasons, she attended Northwestern University in the Fall of 2004, won her first 23 singles matches. She won the ITA National Singles Title and the ITA Midwest Championships.

She attended the University of Miami and played tennis for the Hurricanes. In 2006 she was the ITA National Player of the Year, the ACC Player of the Year, the National Indoor Champion. In 2001 Cohen won the girls' 18 singles title at the November USTA National Open Championships. In 2002, she won the girls' 18 singles titles at the Florence Tennis Association designated #6 and the Florida Bush Open, was a member of the Junior Fed Cup team. In 2003 Cohen won the doubles title at the girls' 18 USTA Super National Winter Championships, the singles and doubles titles at the girls' 18 USTA Super National Clay Court Championships, she was again a member of the U. S. Junior Fed Cup team. In 2004, she won the doubles title at the girls' USTA National Spring Championships, she was one of 12 collegiate players to be named to the 2006 USTA Summer Collegiate Team, an elite training program designed to give college's top players exposure to professional tennis by competing on the USTA Pro Circuit. Cohen played in four USTA Circuit events, reached the semifinals or better in three, including the $10,000 event in Evansville, where she captured her first professional title.

She defeated world No. 92 Olga Savchuk, in August 2006 in Connecticut. She defeated world No 93 Varvara Lepchenko in a three-set match, in October 2006 in Augusta, Georgia. In August 2007 in Forest Hills, New York, in her greatest upset to date, she defeated world No. 59 Elena Likhovtseva of Russia. At the 2007 US Open, she entered as a wild card and was defeated in the first round by Andrea Petkovic of Germany. In April 2008 in Amelia Island she beat world No. 89 Galina Voskoboeva. In May 2008, partnering with Heidi El Tabakh, she won. In September 2008 in Beijing she defeated world No. 84 Anne Keothavong of Great Britain in straight sets. Her season-ending rankings were No. 579 in 2006, No. 384 in 2007, No. 230 in 2008. In 2011, she retired from tennis. In five seasons as coach of the UNF women's tennis team, she led it to a 77-27 record and four NCAA Tournament appearances and four Atlantic Sun Tournament titles, she was three-time Atlantic Sun Coach of the Year. She left in 2016 to be head coach at the University of Oklahoma.

List of select Jewish tennis players Audra Cohen at the Women's Tennis Association Audra Cohen at the International Tennis Federation Official website at the Wayback Machine Northwestern University profile at the Wayback Machine "Audra Cohen: Junior Spotlight of the Week," 4/22/2004 at the Wayback Machine "Audra Cohen Named ITA National Player of the Year," 6/7/2006 "UW women's tennis: Former NCAA singles champ on staff" at Madison.com sports