Darlington, Western Australia
Darlington, Western Australia, is a locality in the Shire of Mundaring on the Darling Scarp, dissected by Nyaania Creek and north of the Helena River. About one kilometre to the west of Darlington and lower on the Darling Scarp lies the locality of Boya. Between Darlington and Boya there are two abandoned quarries: C. Y. O'Connor's "Fremantle Harbour Works Quarry", now known as "Hudman Road Amphitheatre", the Mountain Quarry, called Boya quarry, they are situated on the southern slope of Greenmount Hill, defined by the Great Eastern Highway to the north, the Helena River to the south. The boundary with Glen Forrest to the east has shifted a few times. Darlington is located upon the escarpment of the Darling Fault which trends north-south across the south-west of Western Australia, defining what is known as the Perth Hills. Darlington developed as a locality from the establishment of the Darlington Winery in the late nineteenth century. Unlike Glen Forrest and Greenmount Darlington was unplanned.
Darlington Hall was the winery cellar building. Darlington was bisected by the Eastern Railway which in years of operation was known as the "Mundaring Loop"; the location of Darlington was included in "picnic" and "excursion" train itineraries in the 1930s and 1940s. Now the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail or "bridle trail", as it is known by locals, has become a popular walking and bike trail. Darlington had extensive orchards during the First World War era, it has due to its cooler "hills climate", had a number of guest houses. D. H. Lawrence stayed in one for a short time during his visit to Australia. Guest houses were used as convalescent homes during the Second World War period. In the mid twentieth century significant numbers of artists had lived in or been associated with the small community. By the late twentieth century subdivisions of land and the breakup of farms and orchards contributed to an increase in the local population. In the 2016 census, there were 3,656 people in Darlington.
65.4% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 14.0%. 90.3% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 40.9%, Anglican 19.3% and Catholic 13.9%. Early on, because of its altitude and separation from the Swan Coastal Plain, Darlington became established as a popular picnic area, country drive destination, a place for holiday homes. Writers and others seeking to be separate from Perth's extensive suburban sand plain had sought the location for its natural surroundings; the artists gained the most publicity for their residence, while the writers and others tended to keep their privacy. Some of the community groups are over 40 years old. For example, the Darlington Residents and Ratepayers Association evolved from the earlier Darlington Progress Association, the Darlington Arts Festival as well; the tennis and other sports clubs have similar heritage. A newer arrival, the Darlington Club, is less than two years old and as a social club, is involved in sustaining community involvement and use of the Darlington Hall.
It is one of the few hills communities to be served by multiple primary schools—the Darlington Primary School, Tree-Tops Montessori School, Helena College. The Darlington Arts Festival, an annual event, has been going for more than 40 years, it includes other events on the Darlington oval. The 2006 "Trek the Trail" event was organised on the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail and went from Mundaring to Darlington, included events on the oval; the Darlington Review is a monthly publication of some 50 years standing, featuring stories, news and other material of local interest. It is one of the few of its kind to serve any hills community for such a long time and is delivered to each address in the locality; the Mundaring shire council has publicised the locality by placing "Locality of Darlington" signs on its entrance roads at the administrative boundary. Guy Grey-Smith Robert Juniper D. H. Lawrence - short term A. O. Neville Mollie Skinner George Temple-Poole Richard Woldendorp Darlington Hall Darlington review, Feb.1993, p 7.
Elliott, I. Mundaring, A History of the Shire, Mundaring, 1983 ISBN 0-9592776-0-9 Wiltshire, T. A Place in the Hills, Darlington's First Fifty Years, Darlington, 1997 ISBN 0-646-34251-7 Snell, Ted Darlington and the Hills - in State Reference Library Spillman, K. Life was meant to be here, Mundaring, 2003. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3 Darlington Village website Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website Darlington on Geoscience Australia Darlington History Group
Darlington Hall is a heritage listed building in Darlington, Western Australia. The original structure was a built for the nineteenth century Darlington Winery in 1890 for Alfred Waylen and Josceline Amherst, it was renovated a number of times over the yearsIt is now called Darlington Hall, a part is home to the Darlington Club. The building is registered with the Western Australian Heritage Council; the original structure is known as the lesser hall, while the more recent larger section on the west side is the main hall. A large number of local groups and people have used the space for private events; the Darlington Theatre players had their first plays performed in the hall, it hosts the art exhibition of the annual Darlington Arts Festival. The hall has been used by the Darlington Progress Association since the 1920s, it has been the location of the annual Darlington Concerts - known as the Darlington Chamber Music Series. Darlington Hall is not related to the fictional place of the same name which appears in the novel The Remains of the Day.
Elliott, I. Mundaring, A History of the Shire, Mundaring, 1983 ISBN 0-9592776-0-9 Wiltshire, T. A Place in the Hills, Darlington's First Fifty Years, Darlington, 1997 ISBN 0-646-34251-7 Spillman, K. Life was meant to be here, Mundaring, 2003. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. The town was named after the Scottish Pert