Michigan State University
Michigan State University is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan. MSU was founded in 1855 and served as a model for land-grant universities created under the Morrill Act of 1862; the university was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, one of the country's first institutions of higher education to teach scientific agriculture. After the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is one of the largest universities in the United States and has 563,000 living alumni worldwide. U. S. News & World Report ranks many of its graduate programs among the best in the nation, including African history, criminology and organizational psychology, educational psychology and secondary education, osteopathic medicine, human medicine, nuclear physics, rehabilitation counseling, supply chain/logistics, veterinary medicine. MSU pioneered the studies of packaging, hospitality business, supply chain management, communication sciences.
Michigan State is a member of the Association of American Universities, an organization of 62 leading research universities in North America. The university's campus houses the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden, the Abrams Planetarium, the Wharton Center for Performing Arts, the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, the country's largest residence hall system; the Michigan State Spartans compete in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference. Michigan State Spartans football won the Rose Bowl Game in 1954, 1956, 1988 and 2014, a total of six national championships. Spartans men's basketball won the NCAA National Championship in 1979 and 2000 and has attained the Final Four eight times since the 1998–1999 season, including in 2019 with a victory over Duke. Spartans ice hockey won NCAA national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007; the Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school," though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.
Classes began on May 13, 1857, with three buildings, five faculty members, 63 male students. The first president, Joseph R. Williams, designed a curriculum that required more scientific study than any undergraduate institution of the era, it balanced science, liberal arts, practical training. The curriculum excluded Latin and Greek studies since most applicants did not study any classical languages in their rural high schools. However, it did require three hours of daily manual labor, which kept costs down for both the students and the College. Despite Williams' innovations and his defense of education for the masses, the State Board of Education saw Williams' curriculum as elitist, they reduced the curriculum to a two-year vocational program. In 1860, Williams became acting lieutenant governor and helped pass the Reorganization Act of 1861; this gave the college the power to grant master's degrees. Under the act, a newly created body, known as the State Board of Agriculture, took over from the State Board of Education in running the institution.
The college changed its name to State Agricultural College, its first class graduated in the same year. As the Civil War had begun, there was no time for an elaborate graduation ceremony; the first alumni enlisted to the Union Army. Williams died, the following year, Abraham Lincoln signed the First Morrill Act of 1862 to support similar colleges, making the Michigan school a national model. Shortly thereafter, on March 18, 1863, the state designated the college its land-grant institution making Michigan State University one of the nation's first land-grant college; the college first admitted women in 1870, although at that time there were no female residence halls. The few women who enrolled boarded with faculty families or made the arduous stagecoach trek from Lansing. From the early days, female students took the same rigorous scientific agriculture courses as male students. In 1896, the faculty created a "Women Course" that melded a home economics curriculum with liberal arts and sciences.
That same year, the College turned the Abbot Hall male dorm into a women's dormitory. It was not until 1899 that the State Agricultural College admitted its first African American student, William O. Thompson. After graduation, he taught at. President Jonathan L. Snyder invited its president Booker T. Washington to be the Class of 1900 commencement speaker. A few years Myrtle Craig became the first woman African-American student to enroll at the College. Along with the Class of 1907, she received her degree from U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt, commencement speaker for the Semi-Centennial celebration; the City of East Lansing was incorporated the same year, two years the college changed its name to Michigan Agricultural College. During the early 20th century, M. A. C. Expanded its curriculum well beyond agriculture. By 1925 it had expanded enough it changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. In 1941, the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, John A. Hannah, became president of the College.
After World War II, he began the largest expansion in the institution's history, with the help of the 1945 G. I. Bill, which helped World War II veterans gain college educations. One of Hannah's strategies was to build a new dormitory building, enroll enough students to fill it, use the income to start construction on a new dormitory. Under his plan, enrollment increased fr
Bleez is a fictional anti-heroine and supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Geoff Johns and artist Shane Davis, the character first appears in Final Crisis: Rage of the Red Lanterns #1. Created by writer Geoff Johns and Shane Davis, she made her first appearance in Final Crisis: Rage of the Red Lanterns #1, has since featured prominently in several other Green Lantern related titles in the Green Lantern: New Guardians series, she started out as a ruthless, feral villain but over time has gained control of her powers and become more of an anti-hero siding with heroes such as the Green Lanterns. She has made several appearances in related media, including Green Lantern: The Animated Series and Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham, she is one of the foremost members of the Red Lantern Corps. She is an alien from the planet Havania, inducted into the Red Lanterns after being abused and tortured by members of the Sinestro Corps during the Sinestro Corps War.
Her race have large feathered wings, but as part of the torture Bleez' wings were cut off, when she became a Red Lantern she regrew the bone part of her wings. In the rebooted DC Comics universe of 2011's The New 52, Bleez joined representatives of the seven Lantern Corps to form "The New Guardians", led by White Lantern Kyle Rayner. At times, Bleez has opposed Red Lantern Corps leader Atrocitus, has fought him for control of the Corps. In spite of this, she is a loyal member of the Red Lanterns, serves as one of Atrocitus' chief enforcers. Bleez was once a princess on the planet Havania, renowned for her great beauty. Many men sought her hand, but she rejected them all in an rude and abrasive manner. Two of her suitors humiliated, sought out a Sinestro Corpsman and tempted him with stories of Bleez's beauty, he went to Havania, where he murdered Bleez's mother and captured Bleez, taking her to Ranx the Sentient City. For some time during the events of the Sinestro Corps War, Bleez was raped and tortured by members of the Sinestro Corps, but managed to escape when Ranx came under attack during the Battle of Mogo.
The Sinestro Corpsman who had abducted her pursued and caught her, forced her to kiss him. As she was being pushed to her limits by this final indignity, a red ring found Bleez and inducted her into the Red Lantern Corps, her blood was transformed into burning plasma, she vomited it into the Corpsman's throat. Before he could recover, she killed him in a blind fury, she was among the strike force that ambushed the Green Lanterns transporting Sinestro back to Korugar for execution. During the Blackest Night and the Red Lantern Corps fought alongside the other Corps against the Black Lantern Anti-Monitor. During the Brightest Day, Guy Gardner and Ganthet made a pact with Atrocitus to search for the Emotional Entities in response to a prophecy seen by Gardner. Gardner was sent to patrol the Unknown Sectors for the Entities, Atrocitus sent Bleez to "help" him; when Gardner attempted to have himself purified of the red energy of Odym, Bleez stopped him. In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity.
In this new timeline, Bleez was tasked with finding and recovering a red power ring that had mysteriously abandoned its bearer. This assignment led her to confront Green Lantern Kyle Rayner, chosen by the wayward ring as its new bearer. Subsequently, along with representatives of the other Lantern Corps tracked Rayner to Oa, intending to take back the stolen Red Lantern ring; when they arrived on Oa, they became embroiled in a battle with the Guardians of the Universe, during which the Orange Lantern Corps attacked the Oan Citadel. As the battle escalated, Rayner ordered Munk of the Indigo Tribe to teleport the assembled Corps members away from Oa, they escaped to the planet of Okaara. When Saint Walker attempted to heal her with his blue power ring, Bleez fled and returned to Ysmault to report on what she had learned; when she arrived on Ysmault, she was unable to communicate her findings to Atrocitus, due to the immense rage clouding her mind. Frustrated, Atrocitus threw her into the Blood Ocean of Ysmault, an act that restored not only her memories, but her self-control, thus enabling her to be in control of her actions and behaviour.
She rejoined the other New Guardians as they fought the Archangel Invictus at the Orrery. After Rayner convinced Invictus to let them go in exchange for assassinating Larfleeze, Bleez accompanied Rayner to Earth so that he could recharge his ring, which brought them into a brief conflict with Blue Beetle and an alien bounty hunter. Afterwards, she returned to Ysmault on unspecified business, only to be brought back to the team by Munk on Rayner's orders, she joined with the rest of the Guardians to defeat Larfleeze and Invictus, was present when Sayd admitted to having stolen the six power rings in order to help Rayner learn to master the emotional spectrum so that he could save Ganthet. Like the other New Guardians, Bleez refused to have anything more to do with a team built on deceit and murder, once again departed for Ysmault. In the aftermath of the War of the Green Lanterns and the death of the rogue Guardian Krona, Atrocitus felt his rage dimming, feared that he might be losing control of his Corps.
He decided to uplift one of his Red Lanterns, making them his equal. He chose Bleez as his new second-in-command, hurled her into the Blood Ocean in order to restore her intellect and memories. After she emerged from the ocean, he took her back to her home planet of Havania, where she confronted Count Liib and Baron Ghazz, the men, responsible for her kidnapping and torture by t
John Stewart (comics)
John Stewart, one of the characters known as Green Lantern, is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics and was the first African-American superhero to appear in DC Comics. The character was created by Dennis O'Neil and Neal Adams, first appeared in Green Lantern #87. Stewart's original design was based on actor Sidney Poitier. John Stewart debuted in Green Lantern vol. 2 #87 when artist Neal Adams came up with the idea of a substitute Green Lantern. The decision to make the character black resulted from a conversation between Adams and editor Julius Schwartz, in which Adams recounts saying that given the racial makeup of the world's population, "we ought to have a black Green Lantern, not because we’re liberals, but because it just makes sense." The character was DC's first black superhero. John Stewart has become a major recurring character in the Green Lantern mythos within the DC Universe, he became the primary character of Green Lantern vol. 2 from issues #182 through #200, when Hal Jordan relinquished his place in the Green Lantern Corps.
He continued to star in the book when the title changed to The Green Lantern Corps from issue #201 to #224. He would continue to make key appearances in Action Comics Weekly after The Green Lantern Corps' cancellation, he starred in the comic Green Lantern: Mosaic. 3, with a four-part storyline titled "Mosaic". DC published 18 issues of the ongoing Green Lantern: Mosaic title between June 1992 and November 1993. John Stewart was featured as one of the lead characters on the television cartoon Justice League from 2001 until 2004, he continued to appear as a major character on the show's 2004–2006 sequel, Justice League Unlimited. In 2011, John Stewart starred in the New 52 relaunch of Green Lantern Corps alongside Guy Gardner, became the sole lead character of the title from 2013 until the series' conclusion in 2015. Green Lantern Corps was replaced by Green Lantern: The Lost Army, which stars John Stewart as the lead. John Stewart is an architect "retconned" into a veteran U. S. Marine from Detroit, selected by the Guardians as a backup Green Lantern to then-current Green Lantern Hal Jordan, after the previous backup, Guy Gardner, was injured after getting hit by a car while trying to save a civilian.
Although Jordan objected to the decision after seeing that Stewart had a belligerent attitude to authority figures, the Guardians stood by their decision, chided Jordan for his supposed bigoted outlook on the issue. Jordan explained that he just felt that though Stewart might have the integrity for the task, he "obviously would have a chip on his shoulder bigger than the rock of Gibraltar." Jordan's opinion was. His assignment was to protect a racist politician, Stewart, while averting an accident, took advantage of the situation to embarrass Jordan in the process; when an assassin shoots at the politician, Stewart does not intervene with Jordan in response to the attack, which makes Stewart seem suspect. However, it turns out Stewart had good reasons for this apparent dereliction of duty because he was stopping a gunman from killing a police officer in the outside parking lot at the event while Jordan was pursuing a decoy; when Jordan confronts Stewart about his actions, Stewart explains that the politician had staged the attack for political advantage.
Jordan concludes that Stewart was an excellent recruit and has proven his worth. For some time, Stewart filled in as Green Lantern when Jordan was unavailable, including some missions of the Justice League. After Jordan gave up being Green Lantern in the 1980s, the Guardians selected Stewart for full-time duty. Stewart filled that role for some years. During that period he worked as an architect at Ferris Aircraft Company, battled many Green Lantern villains, fought against the Anti-Monitor's forces during the Crisis on Infinite Earths. John was trained in usage of his power ring by the Green Lantern of the planet Korugar; the duo went on many adventures together and fell in love. Kat and John went on to serve within the Green Lantern Corps of Earth alongside Hal Jordan, Kilowog and other alien Green Lanterns, during which time they were married. After John's ring was rendered powerless through the schemes of Sinestro, Katma Tui was murdered at the hands of the insane Star Sapphire, Stewart's life began to unravel.
First, he was falsely accused of killing Carol Ferris, Star Sapphire's alter ego, falsely accused of theft by South Nambia. Jailed and tortured in South Nambia for weeks, John freed himself with his old ring, now re-powered thanks to the efforts of Hal Jordan. In his escape, John inadvertently frees both a terrorist; when Jordan confronts John over his actions, the two friends come to blows until John realizes the "revolutionaries" he had been aiding intended to murder innocent civilians. Afterwards, John left Earth for space, where he participated in the Cosmic Odyssey miniseries event, failed to prevent the destruction of the planet Xanshi by an avatar of the Anti-Life Equation; the incident earned him the ire of J’onn J’onzz the Martian Manhunter, with him at the time. This series of tragedies left John a shattered man on the brink of suicide and created the villainess known as Fatality. J'onn J'onzz has at least civilly, forgiven him. John forgave himself for his past mistakes and grew into a stronger, more complex hero when he became the caretaker of the "Mosaic World", a patchwork of communities fr
Green Lantern (comic book)
Green Lantern is an ongoing American comic book series featuring the DC Comics heroes of the same name. The character's first incarnation, Alan Scott, appeared in All-American Comics #16, was spun off into the first volume of Green Lantern in 1941; that series was canceled in 1949 after 38 issues. When the Silver Age Green Lantern, Hal Jordan, was introduced, the character starred in a new volume of Green Lantern starting in 1960 and has been the lead protagonist of the Green Lantern mythos for the majority of the last 60 years. Although Green Lantern is considered a mainstay in the DC Comics stable, the series has been canceled and rebooted several times; the first series featuring Hal Jordan was canceled at issue #224, but was restarted with a third volume and a new #1 issue in June 1990. When sales began slipping in the early 1990s, DC Comics instituted a controversial editorial mandate that turned Jordan into the supervillain Parallax and created a new protagonist named Kyle Rayner; this third volume ended publication in 2004, when the miniseries Green Lantern: Rebirth brought Hal Jordan back as a heroic character and made him the protagonist once again.
After Rebirth's conclusion, writer Geoff Johns began a fourth volume of Green Lantern from 2005 to 2011, a fifth volume which started after, this time showcasing both Hal Jordan and Sinestro as Green Lanterns. Volume 1 was published from 1941 until 1949 spanning a total of 38 issues; the series featured Alan Scott, the first Green Lantern character, created by writer/artist Martin Nodell and writer Bill Finger. Alan's first appearance was in the anthology series, All-American Comics #16; the Green Lantern character received his own self-titled series in Fall 1941. The first use of the Green Lantern oath was in issue #9. Artist Alex Toth did some of his earliest comics work on the title beginning with issue #28. A canine sidekick named Streak was introduced in #30 and the dog proved so popular that he became the featured character on several covers of the series starting with #34; the series was canceled with #38. Although there have been several subsequent Green Lantern revival projects over the years, this remains the only series to date to spotlight the Alan Scott character.
The Silver Age Green Lantern was created by John Broome and Gil Kane in Showcase #22 at the behest of editor Julius Schwartz. Volume 2 of Green Lantern began publication in August 1960; the series spotlighted the Silver Age Green Lantern, Hal Jordan and introduced the expansive mythology surrounding Hal’s forebearers in the Green Lantern Corps. The supervillain Sinestro was introduced in #7. In 2009, Sinestro was ranked IGN's 15th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Hal Jordan's love interest, Carol Ferris, became the Star Sapphire in issue #16. Black Hand, a character featured prominently in the "Blackest Night" storyline in 2009-2010, debuted in issue #29. A substitute Green Lantern, Guy Gardner first appeared in the story "Earth's Other Green Lantern!" in issue #59. Green Arrow joined Hal Jordan in the main feature of the title in an acclaimed series of stories by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams beginning with issue #76 and ending with issue #122 that dealt with various social and political issues in which Green Arrow spoke for radical change while Green Lantern was an establishment conservative figure, wanting to work within existing institutions of government and law.
Where Oliver Queen advocated direct action, Hal Jordan wanted to work within the system. Each would find their beliefs challenged by the other. Oliver convinced Jordan to see beyond his strict obedience to the Green Lantern Corps, to help those who were neglected or discriminated against; as O'Neil explained: "He would be a hot-tempered anarchist to contrast with the cerebral, sedate model citizen, the Green Lantern." The duo embarked on a quest to find America, witnessing the problems of corruption, racism and overpopulation confronting the nation. O'Neil took on then-current events, such as the Manson Family cult murders, in issue #78 where Black Canary falls under the spell of a false prophet who advocates violence, it was during this period. 2, #85-86, when it was revealed that Green Arrow's ward Speedy was addicted to heroin. In his zeal to save America, Oliver Queen had failed in his personal responsibility to Speedy — who would overcome his addiction with the help of Black Canary, Green Arrow's then-love interest.
This story prompted a congratulatory letter from the Mayor of John Lindsay. Another backup Green Lantern, John Stewart was introduced in #87; the series did not match commercial expectations and Neal Adams had trouble with deadlines, causing issue #88 to be an unscheduled reprint issue. Four months Green Lantern began a backup feature in The Flash #217 and appeared in most issues through The Flash #246 until his own solo series was revived; the Green Lantern title returned with issue #90 and continued the Green Lantern/Green Arrow team format. Julius Schwartz, who had edited the title for most of its run since 1960, left the series as of issue #103. In issue # 123, Hal Jordan resumed Green Arrow left the series. On the advice of artist Joe Staton, editor Jack C. Harris gave British artist Brian Bolland his first assignment for a U. S. comics publisher, the cov
Legion of Super-Heroes
The Legion of Super-Heroes is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Otto Binder and artist Al Plastino, the Legion is a group of superpowered beings living in the 30th and 31st centuries of the DC Comics Universe, first appears in Adventure Comics #247; the team was associated with the original Superboy character, was portrayed as a group of time travelers. The Legion's origin and back story were fleshed out, the group was given its own monthly comic. Superboy was removed from the team altogether and appeared only as an occasional guest star; the team has undergone two major reboots during its run. The original version was replaced with a new rebooted version following the events of the "Zero Hour" storyline in 1994 and another rebooted team was introduced in 2004. A fourth version of the team, nearly identical to the original version, was introduced in 2007. Superboy was the featured series in Adventure Comics in the 1950s. In Adventure Comics #247 by writer Otto Binder and artist Al Plastino, Superboy was met by three teenagers from the 30th century: Lightning Boy, Saturn Girl, Cosmic Boy, who were members of a "super-hero club" called the Legion of Super-Heroes.
Their club had been formed with Superboy as an inspiration, they had time travelled to recruit Superboy as a member. After a series of tests, Superboy was returned to his own time. Although intended as a one-off story focusing on Superboy, the Legion proved so popular that it returned for an encore in Adventure Comics #267. In this story, Lightning Boy had been renamed Lightning Lad, their costumes were close to those they wore throughout the Silver Age of Comic Books; the Legion's popularity grew, they appeared in further stories in Adventure Comics, Action Comics, other titles edited by Mort Weisinger over the next few years. The ranks of the Legion, only hinted at in those first two stories, was filled with new heroes such as Chameleon Boy, Invisible Kid, Colossal Boy, Star Boy, Brainiac 5, Triplicate Girl, Shrinking Violet, Sun Boy, Bouncing Boy, Phantom Girl, Ultra Boy; the 20th-century cousin to Superman, was recruited as a member. In Adventure Comics #300, the Legion received their own regular feature, cover-billed "Superboy in'Tales of the Legion of Super-Heroes'".
While they would share space with Superboy solo stories for a couple of years, they displaced Superboy from the title as their popularity grew. Lightning Lad was killed in Adventure Comics #304 and revived in issue #312, it was the Adventure Comics run which established environment. A club of teenagers, they operated out of a clubhouse in the shape of an inverted yellow rocket ship which looked as if it had been driven into the ground; the position of Legion leader rotated among the membership. Each Legionnaire had to possess one natural superpower; some issues included comical moments where candidates with bizarre, useless, or dangerous abilities would try out for membership and be rejected. The Legion was based on Earth and protected an organization of humans and aliens called the United Planets alongside the regular police the Science Police; the setting for each story was 1000 years from the date of publication. In Adventure Comics #346, Jim Shooter, 14 years old at the time, wrote his first Legion story.
Soon thereafter, Shooter became the regular writer of the Legion stories, with Curt Swan, Win Mortimer, as artist. Shooter wrote the story in which Ferro Lad died—the first "real" death of a Legionnaire —and introduced many other enduring concepts, including the Fatal Five, Karate Kid, Princess Projectra, Shadow Lass, the Dark Circle and the "Adult Legion", a conjecture regarding what the Legionnaires would be like when they grew up; the Legion's last appearance in Adventure Comics was #380, they were displaced by Supergirl in the next issue. The early 1970s saw the Legion relegated to the status of back-up feature. First, the team's stories were moved to Action Comics for issues #377–392. Following Mort Weisinger's retirement from DC, the Legion was passed to the oversight of editor Murray Boltinoff and began appearing as a backup in Superboy, starting with #172, with writers E. Nelson Bridwell and Cary Bates and artist George Tuska. Dave Cockrum began again increasing the team's popularity.
The first comic book published under the title Legion of Super-Heroes was a four-issue series published in 1973 that reprinted Legion tales from Adventure Comics. In the same year, the Legion returned to cover billing on a book when Superboy became Superboy starring the Legion of Super-Heroes with #197. Crafted by Bates and Cockrum, the feature proved popular and saw such events as the wedding of Bouncing Boy and Duo Damsel in Superboy #200. Issues #202 and #205 of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format. Cockrum was replaced on art by Mike Grell as of issue #203 which featured the death of Invisible Kid. With #231, the book's title changed to Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes and became a "giant-size" title. At this point, the book was written by longtime fan
Doc Savage is a fictional character published in American pulp magazines during the 1930s and 1940s. He was created by publisher Henry W. Ralston and editor John L. Nanovic at Street & Smith Publications, with additional material contributed by the series' main writer, Lester Dent; the illustrations were by Walter Baumhofer, Paul Orban, Emery Clarke, Modest Stein, Robert G. Harris; the heroic-adventure character would go on to appear in other media, including radio and comic books, with his adventures reprinted for modern-day audiences in a series of paperback books, which had sold over 20 million copies by 1979. Into the 21st century, Doc Savage has remained a nostalgic icon in the U. S. referenced in popular culture. Longtime Marvel Comics editor Stan Lee has credited Doc Savage as being the forerunner to modern superheroes; the Doc Savage Magazine was printed by Street & Smith from March 1933 to the Summer of 1949 to capitalize on the success of The Shadow magazine and followed by the original Avenger in September 1939.
In all, 181 issues were published in alternative titles. Doc Savage became known to more contemporary readers when Bantam Books began reprinting the individual magazine novels in 1964, this time with covers by artist James Bama that featured a bronze-haired, bronze-skinned Doc Savage with an exaggerated widows' peak wearing a torn khaki shirt and under the by-line "Kenneth Robeson"; the stories were not reprinted in chronological order as published, though they did begin with the first adventure, The Man of Bronze. By 1967, Bantam was publishing once a month until 1990, when all 181 original stories had run their course. Author Will Murray produced seven more Doc Savage novels for Bantam Books from Lester Dent's original outlines. Bantam published a novel by Philip José Farmer, Escape From Loki, which told the story of how in World War I Doc met the men who would become his five comrades. Clark Savage, Jr. first appeared in March 1933 in the first issue of Doc Savage Magazine. Because of the success of the Shadow, who had his own pulp magazine, the publishers Street & Smith launched this pulp title.
Unlike the Shadow, Clark Savage, "Doc" to his friends, had no special powers, but was raised from birth by his father and other scientists to become one of the most perfect human beings in terms of strength and physical abilities. Doc Savage set up base on the 86th floor of a world-famous New York skyscraper. Doc Savage fights against evil with the assistance of the "Fabulous Five". Doc Savage has appeared in comics and a movie, on radio, as a character in numerous other works, continues to inspire authors and artists in the realm of fantastic adventure. Doc Savage Magazine was created by Street & Smith Publications executive Henry Ralston and editor John Nanovic to capitalize on the success of Street and Smith's pulp character, The Shadow. Ralston and Nanovic wrote a short premise establishing the broad outlines of the character they envisioned, but Doc Savage was only realized by the author chosen to write the series, Lester Dent. Dent wrote most of the 181 original novels, hidden behind the "house name" of Kenneth Robeson.
One Lester Dent biographer hypothesizes that one inspiration for Doc Savage may have been the American military officer and author Richard Henry Savage, who wrote more than 40 books of adventure and mystery stories and lived a dashing and daring life. The character first appeared on screen in Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze, it was announced on May 30, 2016, that Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson will be playing Clark "Doc" Savage, being billed as the "World's First Superhero", the film will be directed by Shane Black with a script written by Anthony Bagarozzi and Chuck Mondry. Doc Savage's real name is Jr.. He is a physician, adventurer, inventor, researcher, and, as revealed in The Polar Treasure, a musician. A team of scientists assembled by his father deliberately trained his mind and body to near-superhuman abilities from birth, giving him great strength and endurance, a photographic memory, a mastery of the martial arts, vast knowledge of the sciences. Doc is a master of disguise and an excellent imitator of voices.
"He rights wrongs and punishes evildoers." Dent described the hero as a mix of Sherlock Holmes' deductive abilities, Tarzan's outstanding physical abilities, Craig Kennedy's scientific education, Abraham Lincoln's goodness. He described Doc Savage as manifesting "Christliness." Doc's character and world-view is displayed in his oath, which goes as follows: By the third story, Doc has a reputation as a "superman". Savage is accompanied on his adventures by up to five other regular characters, all accomplished individuals in their own right. Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Blodgett "Monk" Mayfair, an industrial chemist. Monk got his nickname from his simian build, notably his long arms, his covering of red hair, he is in a constant state of "friendly feuding" with "Ham" Brooks. This began when his friend taught him some French words to say to an officer and Monk repeated them, not knowing they were a string of insults; the result was a lengthy stay in the guardhouse. Brigadier General Theodore Marley "Ham" Brooks, an accomplished attorney.
Ham is considered one of the best-dressed men in the world, as part of his attire, carries a sword cane whose blade is dipped in a fast-acting anesthetic. Hi
"Emerald Twilight" is a 1994 comic book story told in Green Lantern #48-50, written by Ron Marz, drawn by Darryl Banks and published by DC Comics. The story introduced a new Green Lantern, Kyle Rayner, who gained a significant fan following."Emerald Twilight" was collected as a trade paperback collection in 1994 reprinting the entire three-issue story arc in one volume as Green Lantern: Emerald Twilight, with cover art by Tony Harris. It was collected again in 2003 as the Green Lantern: Emerald Twilight/New Dawn TPB, reprinting Green Lantern #48-50 and #51-55, the early stories of Rayner becoming the new Green Lantern with new cover art by Alan Davis and Mark Farmer. A second collection was released in the 2017 trade Kyle Rayner, Green Lantern Volume 1 including Green Lantern #0 and 56-57, R. E. B. E. L. S.'94 #1 and The New Titans #116-117. In Green Lantern #46, as part of the "Reign of the Supermen!" storyline, the extraterrestrial villain Mongul teams up with a Cyborg Superman, passing himself off as the real Superman.
They use a series of bombs to destroy Hal Jordan's home city of Coast City with the intention of using the area as one of four way-stations for a giant engine that would transform Earth into the massive spaceship Warworld. Hal Jordan returns to the city to find a massive fortress-engine standing in the ruins of his home and furiously attacks, hearing the voices of those killed crying out in his mind; the voices fall silent. Hal witnesses the return of Superman, who has defeated the Cyborg elsewhere in the city. In issue #47, he teamed up with Green Arrow for a different mission, at the end of the issue, his thoughts once again turn to Coast City. Issue #48 began with Hal in the center of what used to be Coast City, clutching the remains of a doll - the only physical evidence of the seven million people who once lived there. In a moment of pure anguish, Hal uses his power ring to re-create Coast City, down to the people who had died, including his father; when his ring’s energy runs out, one of the Guardians of the Universe contacts him via a holographic projection to tell him he is in violation of one of the principal rules of the Green Lantern Corps, which forbids Lanterns from using their rings for personal gain.
Enraged, Hal siphons off the energy from the projection and makes his way to the Guardians’ planet Oa, with the intent of bleeding off all the energy from the Main Power Battery in order to permanently re-create Coast City. Issue #49 saw him going up against various members of the Green Lantern Corps, each of whom fell against Hal, until he got to Oa. Hal leaves them for dead. Issue #50 sees Hal battle the renegade former Green Lantern Sinestro on Oa, imprisoned in the Main Battery, but released by the Guardians to stop Jordan. Jordan kills Sinestro, as well as his fellow Green Lantern Kilowog; the Guardians, having realized that their cause was lost, had given all their remaining energy to the Guardian named Ganthet, who became the sole Guardian after this energy transference resulted in the death of the rest of them. Hal takes all the energy in the Central Power Battery, when he emerged from it, he has a new costume and takes the name Parallax. Ganthet finds an illustrator named Kyle Rayner.
Ganthet gives Kyle the last remaining power ring, thus making Kyle the last Green Lantern. As Parallax, Hal Jordan became a recurring villain in the DC Universe. In "Emerald Fallout", which takes place in issues 18-21 of Guy Gardner: Warrior Guy Gardner receives a vision of the events of "Emerald Twilight". Guy, along with Wonder Woman, Alan Scott, Darkstar, the Martian Manhunter, Captain Atom and the Ray go to what was left of Oa, he is defeated when Hal melts his yellow power ring. The character played a central role during the Zero Hour storyline. Hal displays his final act of heroism, sacrificing his life to reignite the Sun at the conclusion of The Final Night storyline. Redeemed in the eyes of many of his fellow heroes, he received a hero's funeral. Not fit either for Heaven or Hell, Jordan’s soul was destined for Purgatory, until he became the newest host for the spirit of God’s vengeance known as the Spectre, at the end of the Day of Judgment limited series. During the events of Green Lantern: Rebirth.
Hal Jordan's murderous actions were revealed to be the result of being under the influence of the fear entity Parallax. Parallax chose Hal at the behest of Sinestro. Jordan is resurrected and returns as a Green Lantern once more, as well as resuming his career as a Captain within the United States Air Force, his and the Guardians' return signify the rebirth of the Green Lantern Corps. "Emerald Twilight" was scripted by Gerard Jones and according to Previews Vol. III #8 and the November 1993 Comics Scoreboard, was to involve two sets of the extraterrestrial altruists known as the Guardians and Hal Jordan, a member of their intergalactic police force, the Green Lanterns, having to choose which set was real. DC Editorial did not think this idea was interesting enough to draw new readers so then-publisher Paul Levitz, along with senior group editors Mike Carlin, Dennis O'Neil, Archie Goodwin, Green Lantern editor Kevin Dooley plotted the "Emerald Twilight" story, it was given to Ron Marz to write.
"Emerald Twilight" was to be adapted into a video game for the Super NES by developer Ocean