Clare Boat Club
Clare Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Clare College, Cambridge, it was founded in 1831. Like other college boat clubs at the University of Cambridge, the prime constitutional aim of Clare Boat Club is to gain and hold the Headship of the Lent Bumps and May Bumps, now held in eight-oared boats, separately for men and women. In the May Bumps, Clare Men's 1st VIII rose to Head of the River in 1941 and held it until 1944, regaining the Headship again in 1949. Clare Women's 1st VIII started 1st in the first women's Lent Bumps in 1976 but did not gain the Headship. Clare retained Headship in the first women's May Bumps in 1974 and held it three more times in 1979, 1980 and 2013. Clare Men's 1st VIII entered their first May Bumps race in 1831, achieving second place in the 1st Division by the end of 1832, they dropped over the following decade, reaching an all-time low of forty-first in 1845, before the Mays boat reached fourth again in 1886, the year before the Lent races began. It was.
Prior to about 1930, the Clare Men's 1st VIII spent most of its time near the boundary of the 1st Division and 2nd Division of both the Lent and May Bumps charts. However, they did win Headship in the Lent Bumps competition of 1939; the Men's 1st VIII remained in the top ten of Lents until the 1960s, returned to form in the early 1970s, taking the Headship again in 1973. Since they have spent most of their time in the 1st Division. In the May Bumps, the Men's 1st VIII rose to Head of the River in 1941, they held the Headship until 1944, regaining it again in 1949. Since the Men's 1st VIII has spent most of their time in the 1st Division, similar to the story of Lent Bumps, it has dropped into the 2nd Division on occasions. In 2015, the Men's 1st VIII finished eighth on the river in the 1st Division of May Bumps; this was the Men's 1st VIII's highest position in May Bumps for 27 years. In 2016 the Men's 1st VIII bumped up four places, winning Blades and attaining the College's highest place on the river for 46 years.
Clare Women's 1st VIII started 1st in the first women's Lent Bumps in 1976, but were unable to finish with the Headship. In Lent Bumps 2005, Clare Women's 1st VIII came close to taking the Headship but Downing managed to cling onto it. However, the women did manage to win their first Lents Headship in 2006. In the first women's May Bumps in 1974, Clare started and retained their position of Head of the River; the Women's 1st VIII has since held the Headship in Mays on three further occasions in 1979 and 1980. In 2015, Clare Women's 1st VIII finished sixth on the river in the 1st Division of May Bumps. In 2016 the Women's 1st VIII bumped up two places to finish fourth, in parity with the Men's 1st VIII. Clare Boat Club organises an annual regatta in November for novice College crews, it is run as a side-by-side regatta for eights, with a series of knockout races over a course of 800m. In 2012, Clare Novice Men's 1st VIII not only won Clare Novice Regatta but triumphed in Queens' Ergs and Emma Sprints.
This was the first time in Clare Boat Club's history that a Men's VIII had won all three of these novice competitions in the same year. Sir Archibald Dennis Flower, represented Cambridge University and became Mayor of Stratford David Jennens, represented Cambridge University and Great Britain Charles Sergel, represented Cambridge University and Great Britain CUCBC/ Cambridge University Combined Boat Club Clare Boat Club
Henley Boat Races
The Henley Boat Races are a series of rowing races between men's and women's lightweight crews representing the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The event was founded in 1975 and takes place annually on the River Thames at Henley the week before the University Boat Races; the Henley Boat races take place over a 2000 m course, downstream — the opposite direction to the Henley Royal Regatta course — and finish halfway down Temple Island. Competitors at the events have gone on to compete at olympic levels. In addition to the lightweight races, the leading men's and women's college crews from each university race on a 1750 m course. From 1977 to 2014, Henley Boat Races hosted its reserve race; the Henley Boat Races began as men's lightweight races in 1975 and enlarged to incorporate the Women's Boat Race and their reserve crew race from 1977 and the women's lightweight race from 1984. In 2000, the lightweight men added a race for their reserve crews and Granta; this fell into abeyance after 2009 as a result of Cambridge not fielding a Granta crew from 2007, giving Oxford a row over for three years.
Since 2016, Nephthys and Granta have raced again, sometimes on a different date or location to the main Henley Boat Races. A women’s lightweight reserve race was held in 2012 prior to race day and has taken place since 2016 on race day. In 2015, the Women's Boat Race moved further down the River Thames to the Tideway to take place as a combined men's and women's Boat Race. An alternative venue is used if the water conditions are rough at Henley; the 2013 event was moved to Dorney Lake as a result of flooding on the Thames. The event was moved to Dorney Lake again in 2018 due to "adverse river conditions on the Thames at Henley" and the collegiate races were cancelled; the races receive annual press coverage, competitors from both Universities have gone on to compete at international and Olympic levels. Henley Boat Races takes place annually in late March or early April the week before the University Boat Races, which are held on the Championship Course on the Thames in London. Crews from the University of Oxford and University of Cambridge race side by side over a 2000 m course on the River Thames at Henley-on-Thames, racing downstream — the opposite direction to the Henley Royal Regatta course — and finishing halfway down Temple Island.
The collegiate races take place over a shorter 1750 m course. The races include: Lightweight Men's boat Race Lightweight Women's Boat Race Lightweight Men's Reserves Lightweight Women's Reserves Men's Intercollegiate Boat Race Women's Intercollegiate Boat Race An Alumnae race has also been held in recent years; the lightweight races constitute the varsity race. The first crew receive university half-blues, is therefore more known as the Lightweight Blue Boat; the reserve crew receive university colours. The intercollegiate races are between the fastest crews from the Oxford Torpids and the Cambridge Lent Bumps; the following races have been held at Henley: Women's Boat Race Women's Reserves The history of the results of the races are as follows. Cambridge: 28 wins Oxford: 16 wins Cambridge: 19 wins Oxford: 17 wins Oxford: 9 wins Cambridge: 4 wins Cambridge: 4 Oxford: 1Raced on the Friday before the main event in a 4+ in 2012, incorporated into main race day in 2016. Cambridge: 7 Oxford: 2 Cambridge: 5 Oxford: 4 The Women's Boat Race and its Reserve race became part of the Henley Boat Races in 1977.
With the Women's Boat Race moving to the Tideway Championship Course and forming part of The Boat Races 2015, the race as well as the race of the reserve boats Osiris and Blondie ceased to be part of the Henley Boat Races. For the full results tables, see the main article on the Women's Boat Race. Cambridge: 21 wins at Henley Oxford: 17 wins at HenleyNotes – The course was shortened in 2007 due to rough water during the Henley Boat Races, it was reduced from 2000 m to less than 1500 m with the start between the Upper Thames Rowing Club and Old Blades. Cambridge: 19 wins at Henley Oxford: 19 wins at Henley Henley-on-Todd Regatta Official website
Lady Margaret Boat Club
The Lady Margaret Boat Club is the rowing club for members of St John's College, England. The club is named after founder of the College; the Lady Margaret men's first boat is Head of the River for both Lent Bumps and May Bumps. They are current winners of the Oxford/Cambridge Men's Intercollegiate fixture at the Henley Boat Races, beating Oriel College, Oxford with a verdict of 4 lengths. LMBC was founded in 1825 by twelve members of the College as the first college boat club in Cambridge. In its original rules, the Club was to "consist of eighteen contributing members, besides honorary ones", all members had to be able to row. An early member was Patrick Colquhoun who in 1837 instigated the Colquhoun Sculls, in the year in which he won the Wingfield Sculls; the greatest influence in the 1860s and 1870s was J. H. D. Goldie, who raised LMBC to the "Headship of the River", won the "Colquhoun Sculls", stroked Cambridge four times; the Goldie Boathouse, used by the university crews, commemorates his services to Cambridge rowing as does the name of the university second VIII known as the Goldie Crew and competes annually against Isis just before the University Boat Race.
Another important name in LMBC history is LHK Bushe-Fox who had a long career with LMBC, becoming President of the Club in 1897. One of the greatest influences of this century was Roy Meldrum who established the "Lady Margaret" style, which he detailed in his rowing books; the Boathouse was opened in the May term of 1901. It was extended in the 1970s, was the first boathouse to have a workshop for the boatman. In the early 1980s, when the college began to admit women, further modifications were made upstairs to create the women's changing rooms; the boathouse was extended further in 2000 to create more indoor training space. A shed is now being built to house the club's fours, which are racked outside; the Club's heyday was in the late 1950s. LMBC won the "Ladies Plate" in 1949 with a new course record. In 1950, they made 4 bumps to go "Head of the Mays", stayed "Head" for five years. In 1951, Lady Margaret won the Grand at Henley Royal Regatta and had five members of the successful Cambridge crew, which defeated Harvard and Yale in the United States.
Between 1975 and 1981, Lady Margaret were Head of the Lent Bumps for 26 consecutive days, the longest continuous defence of the Lent Headship. LMBC took the men's May Headship on day 4 of the 2016 races, the first time they have held the Headship since 1989. LMBC retained the Mays headship in 2017 and 2018. In Lent Bumps 2017, LMBC took the men's Lents Headship on day 3, the first time they have held the Headship since 1990. LMBC retained the Lents headship in 2018. In March 2017, Lady Margaret's men's first boat represented the Cambridge colleges in the Men's Intercollegiate fixture at the Henley Boat Races against Oriel College, Oxford. Lady Margaret won with a verdict of 4 lengths. Members of the club are well known for their scarlet jackets, which gave rise to the modern term blazer. Members with "First May Colours" are entitled to wear trim and gold buttons on their blazer, while "First Lent" or "Second May Colours" are entitled to wear silver buttons on their blazer; the club is traditionally strong in the May CUCBC Bumps race.
Due to its affiliation with St. John's College, the club always fields many very successful, boats with first time rowers during the first university term. Club members often go to row with university lightweight and heavyweight crews to compete against Oxford; the club motto has been "Si je puis" since 1825. The boat club song, Viva laeta, has a chorus that goes as follows: Vive laeta, Beatorum insulis. Although the music is printed in the boat club's history and the song is sung at every Boat Club Dinner, few members know the tune. Dinners are known for more controversial songs. St. John's, Cambridge has long had a close rivalry with Cambridge; every year, a strange tradition takes place during the Bumps Weeks in Lent and May term, known as the "Stomp". Crews gather on the College Backs every morning preceding the races. One crew at a time will stop at a lone tree, knock three times on its trunk and shout out the name of the crew that will be starting in front of them that day to be "bumped".
The whole club strolls through the backs towards arch-rivals Trinity. Once in Trinity College's great court, a standoff between the rival boat clubs occurs followed by a tackling session in which boat club members from each side attempt to "kidnap" members of the opposite club. If captured, one is put to shame by being bought breakfast in the rival college's hall. University rowing Henley Boat Race Rowing Blazers University of Cambridge University of Oxford Durack, John; the Bumps: An Account of the Cambridge University Bumping Races 1827-1999 ISBN 0-9538475-1-9 CUCBC - Lent and May Bumps programmes. Club Website
The River Cam is the main river flowing through Cambridge in eastern England. After leaving Cambridge, it flows north and east into the Great Ouse to the south of Ely at Pope's Corner; the Great Ouse connects the Cam to the North Sea at King's Lynn: The total distance from Cambridge to the sea is about 40 mi and is navigable for punts, small boats, rowing craft. The Great Ouse connects to England's canal system via the Middle Level Navigations and the River Nene. In total, the Cam runs for around 69 kilometres from its furthest source to its confluence with the Great Ouse; the original name of the river was the Granta and its present name derives from the city of Cambridge rather than the other way around: After the city's present name developed in Middle English, the river's name was backformed to match. This was not universally applied and the upper stretch of the river continues to be informally known as the Granta, it has been said that the river is the "Granta" above the Silver Street Bridgemap 11 and the "Cam" below it.
The Rhee tributary is formally known as the Cam, the Granta has a tributary on its upper stretch known as the Granta. The Cam has no connection with the much smaller River Cam in Gloucestershire. An organisation called the Conservators of the River Cam was formed in 1702, charged with keeping the river navigable; the Conservators are responsible for the two locks in and north east of Cambridge: Jesus Lockmap 7 and Baits Bite Lock.map 3 The stretch north of Jesus Lock is sometimes called the lower river. The stretch between Jesus Lock and Baits Bite Lock is much used for rowing. There are many residential boats on this stretch, their occupants forming a community who call themselves the Camboaters. Navigation on the lowest section of the Cam and including Bottisham Lock,map 2 is the responsibility of the Environment Agency; the stretch above Jesus Lock is sometimes known as the middle river. Between Jesus Lock and the Mill Pond,map 12 it passes through the Backsmap 10 below the walls of many of the colleges.
This is the section of river most popular with tourists, with its picture-postcard views of elegant bridges, green lawns and graceful willows. This stretch has the unusual feature of the remains of a submerged towpath: the riverside colleges did not permit barge horses on the Backs, so the beasts waded up the Cam to the mill pulling their loads behind them. Access for mechanically powered boats is prohibited above'La Mimosa' Pub between 1 April and 30 September, when the middle and upper river are open only to manually propelled craft; the most common of these are the flat-bottomed punts. Between 1 October and 31 March powered boats are allowed as far as Mill Pool, but few people take advantage of this, as there are few public mooring places along the Backs, the river is too narrow and the bridges too low to afford easy passing or turning for many boats. Punts and canoes can be manhandled around the weir above the Mill Pool by means of the rollers, a slipway from lower to upper level. From the Mill Pool and its weir, the river can be followed upstream through Grantchester meadows to the village of Grantchestermap 14 and Byron's Pool,map 15 where it is fed by many streams.
The two principal tributaries of the Cam are the Granta and the Rhee, though both are known as the Cam. The Rhee begins just at Ashwell in Hertfordshire. Running north out of Ashwell, it forms the county boundary between Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire for around two kilometres the boundary between Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire for a further kilometre. At this point its course turns east and from here until it merges with the Granta it forms the parish boundary between a succession of villages, though until it reaches Barrington it remains at a distance of around a kilometre from any settlement of any size. Just after flowing under the Roman Ermine Street, it crosses the avenue of Wimpole Hall and a few kilometres it receives the waters of the minor River Mel that runs through Meldreth, it runs along the southern edge of the village of Barrington, where it still powers a water mill known as Bulbeck Mill. At Harston it passes Harston Mill, the site of a water mill from at least the 11th century until the need for mill died out in the mid-20th century, the parish church of All Saints.
It touches the eastern edge of the village of Haslingfield before joining the Granta at Hauxton Junction. From source to its confluence with the Granta it is 33.2 kilometres in length. The longer tributary, the Granta, starts in the parish of Debden to the east the village of Widdington in Essex. After running south west to descend from the hills of Uttlesford, it turns north just west of the village of Henham. From there until Great Shelford it follows the course of the West Anglia Main Line railway, its northward journey passes first through Newport, where it is joined by the streams known as Wicken Water and Debden Water. A couple of miles it forms a picturesque addition to views of the stately home as it flows past the front of Audley End House, is joined by the stream known as Fulfen Slade, it skirts the edges of a number of villages as it moves into Cambridgeshire, successively Littlebury, Little Chesterford, Great Chesterford, Hinxton and Whittlesford, powering a number of water mills along the way.
Forming the boundary between Great Shelford and Little Shelford, it turns west to flow past Hauxton to merge with the Rhee a mile south of Grantchester at Hauxton Junction. From source to its confluen
Murray Edwards College Boat Club
Murray Edwards College Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Murray Edwards College, Cambridge known as New Hall. New Hall was founded as a women-only college hence only fields women's crews; the Club was founded and known as New Hall Boat Club until 2008, when the Club decided to rename itself as Murray Edwards College Boat Club in line with the College name change. New Hall's early progress was good, taking the headship of the Lent Bumps in 1976, 1978 and 1980. A run of poorer results saw the 1st VIII drop into the second division for the first time in 2007. Since the Club has made a strong come-back, regaining a first division position in Lent Bumps in 2013. In the May Bumps, initial performance was good, taking the headship in 1977, 1981 and 1984 in the four-oared races, but in 1990, when the start order was re-organised, the New Hall 1st VIII were placed at the bottom of the 1st division and dropped into the 2nd division in 1992. By 1996, New Hall had climbed as high as 10th, but found itself in the 2nd division again by the end of 1998.
The New Hall 1st VIII climbed to 10th by 2002, but fell into the 2nd division once again in 2006. Better recruitment and continuing financial support from the College and alumnae community enabled the Club to build depth and breadth in its crews once more. From 2010 onwards, the 1st VIII had not conceded a Bump in either of the Bumps races, had earned a total of five sets of blades in five years and has been making progress on reclaiming a first division position on the May Bumps charts. Murray Edwards won the Pegasus Cup in 2011 after a solid performance in May Bumps, which secured blades for both its crews
Jesus College Boat Club (Cambridge)
Jesus College Boat Club is the rowing club for members of Jesus College, Cambridge. It is the most successful Cambridge college boat club, holding the most headships between both sides of the club in both the May bumps and the Lent bumps; the Women's side currently hold the headship of both the Lent bumps and the May Bumps. It has had numerous successes at other races and notable alumni, such as Steve Fairbairn. Jesus men have been head of the Lent Bumps on 39 occasions and head of the May Bumps on 24 occasions - more than any other boat club, although Jesus men have not been head in either event since 1974. Jesus held the headship of the early races for 11 consecutive years between 1875 and 1886 - a feat which has never been equalled. Jesus Women have been head of the Lent Bumps on 5 occasions, again head of the May bumps on 5 occasions, ranking themselves highly amongst the Cambridge colleges. In recent years they have been successful, being head of the Lents 2016-present and head of the Mays in 2005, 2007 and 2017-present.
Jesus run the Fairbairn Cup, the biggest race on the Cam, is named after the alumnus Steve Fairbairn. The club performed indifferently. During the early years it rose on occasion to be second and achieved Head of the River in 1841, but remained a minor force until the late 1860s. By 1875 it held Headship again and continued to for eleven years - a record not since equalled. In this time they refurbished the boathouse including the addition of a weathervane and, some years a clock tower. Both of which were transferred to the current boathouse. After this period the club's success declined with Trinity Hall Boat Club and Trinity having an monopoly of the Headship, until Jesus recovered it in 1909 and 1912-14. During the inter-war years the club was coached by Steve Fairbairn and held Headship on twelve occasions in the Lents and occupied a top three position for the entire period. In the women's bumps, Jesus fielded crews in the 1980s, took the headship of the Lent Bumps in 1985, 1986, 1987, more in 2016, headship of the May Bumps in 1988, 1993, 1994, 2005, 2007, 2017-present.
JCBC are one of the successful Cambridge colleges at the Henley Royal Regatta, winning the Grand Challenge Cup, the most prestigious event at the regatta, on 3 occasions. Jesus won the Ladies' Challenge Plate on 13 occasions between 1872 and 1958, the Visitors' Challenge Cup on 5 occasions between 1877 and 1936, the Wyfold Challenge Cup on 2 occasions, the Stewards' Challenge Cup in 1879 and the Thames Challenge Cup in 1892. Silver Goblets has been won by Humphrey Playford and John Campbell in 1921 and Thomas Cree and David Burnford in 1935. Jesus therefore have a grand total of 25 Henley wins, although the club has not managed an event win since 1958. JCBC runs two events of note; the first is the Fairbairn Cup Races, named after the famous Jesus Oarsman and Coach who began the event in the 1920s, Steve Fairbairn. In 1929 Fairbairn donated a cup and the races have continued since in their current form, a long distance headrace; this is raced on the Thursday and Friday after the end of Michaelmas term, Thursday being the novice races and Friday being the senior races.
The course has changed over years due to closures for bridge repairs and extreme weather conditions, but in 1990 the start line was made to be Jesus Boathouse Flagpole with the finish at the Little Bridge, some 4.3 km downstream. The Fairbairn Cup title is awarded to the fastest finishing college men's VIII. There are divisions for IVs and novice VIIIs; the race is entered by other local clubs and university crews, notably the Cambridge University Lightweight Rowing Club enters, but recent year have seen entries from the Oxford University Lightweight Rowing Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club itself. JCBC has run the Henley Spare Pairs Race on the day before Henley Royal Regatta; this event runs from the barrier to the regatta finish and is open to spare pairs of registered regatta entries. Cambridge University Combined Boat Clubs University rowing Jesus College Boat Club
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam 50 miles north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age; the first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not conferred until 1951. The world-renowned University of Cambridge was founded in 1209; the buildings of the university include King's College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. The city's skyline is dominated by several college buildings, along with the spire of the Our Lady and the English Martyrs Church, the chimney of Addenbrooke's Hospital and St John's College Chapel tower. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology has its main campus in the city.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. More than 40% of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average; the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to house premises of AstraZeneca, a hotel and the relocated Papworth Hospital. The first game of association football took place at Parker's Piece; the Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fair are held on Midsummer Common, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is adjacent to the A14 roads. Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King's Cross railway station. Settlements have existed around the Cambridge area since prehistoric times; the earliest clear evidence of occupation is the remains of a 3,500-year-old farmstead discovered at the site of Fitzwilliam College.
Archaeological evidence of occupation through the Iron Age is a settlement on Castle Hill from the 1st century BC relating to wider cultural changes occurring in southeastern Britain linked to the arrival of the Belgae. The principal Roman site is a small fort Duroliponte on Castle Hill, just northwest of the city centre around the location of the earlier British village; the fort was bounded on two sides by the lines formed by the present Mount Pleasant, continuing across Huntingdon Road into Clare Street. The eastern side followed Magrath Avenue, with the southern side running near to Chesterton Lane and Kettle's Yard before turning northwest at Honey Hill, it was converted to civilian use around 50 years later. Evidence of more widespread Roman settlement has been discovered including numerous farmsteads and a village in the Cambridge district of Newnham. Following the Roman withdrawal from Britain around 410, the location may have been abandoned by the Britons, although the site is identified as Cair Grauth listed among the 28 cities of Britain by the History of the Britons.
Evidence exists that the invading Anglo-Saxons had begun occupying the area by the end of the century. Their settlement – on and around Castle Hill – became known as Grantebrycge. Anglo-Saxon grave goods have been found in the area. During this period, Cambridge benefited from good trade links across the hard-to-travel fenlands. By the 7th century, the town was less significant and described by Bede as a "little ruined city" containing the burial site of Etheldreda. Cambridge was on the border between the East and Middle Anglian kingdoms and the settlement expanded on both sides of the river; the arrival of the Vikings was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 875. Viking rule, the Danelaw, had been imposed by 878 Their vigorous trading habits caused the town to grow rapidly. During this period the centre of the town shifted from Castle Hill on the left bank of the river to the area now known as the Quayside on the right bank. After the Viking period, the Saxons enjoyed a return to power, building churches such as St Bene't's Church, merchant houses and a mint, which produced coins with the town's name abbreviated to "Grant".
In 1068, two years after his conquest of England, William of Normandy built a castle on Castle Hill. Like the rest of the newly conquered kingdom, Cambridge fell under the control of the King and his deputies; the first town charter was granted by Henry I between 1120 and 1131. It recognised the borough court; the distinctive Round Church dates from this period. In 1209, Cambridge University was founded by students escaping from hostile townspeople in Oxford; the oldest existing college, was founded in 1284. In 1349 Cambridge was affected by the Black Death. Few records survive; the town north of the river was affected being wiped out. Following further depopulation after a second national epidemic in 1361, a letter from the Bishop of Ely suggested that two parishes in Cambridge be merged as there were not enough people to fill one church. With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare.
In 1382 a revised town charter effects a "diminution of the liberties that the community had enjoyed", due to Cambridge's pa