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DataCite is an international not-for-profit organization which aims to improve data citation in order to: establish easier access to research data on the Internet increase acceptance of research data as legitimate, citable contributions to the scholarly record support data archiving that will permit results to be verified and re-purposed for future study. In August 2009 a paper was published laying out an approach for a global registration agency for research data. DataCite was subsequently founded in London on 1 December 2009 by organisations from 6 countries: the British Library. After the founding of DataCite, leading research libraries and information centres converged for the first official members’ convention in Paris on 5 February 2010; the inclusion of five further members was approved in the office of the International Council for Science: Australian National Data Service. The primary means of establishing easier access to research data is by DataCite members assigning persistent identifiers, such as digital object identifiers, to data sets.

Although leveraging the well-established DOI infrastructure, DataCite takes an open approach to identifiers, considers other systems and services that help forward its objectives. DataCite's recommended format for a data citation is: Creator: Title. Publisher. IdentifierOR Creator: Title. Version. Publisher. ResourceType. IdentifierDataCite recommends that DOI names are displayed as permanent URLs. Third-party tools allow the migration of content to and from other services such as ODIN, for ORCID Australia: Australian National Data Service - ANDS Canada: National Research Council Canada - NRC-CNRC China: Beijing Genomics Institute - BGI Denmark: Danish e-Infrastructure Cooperation - DeiC Estonia: University of Tartu Finland: CSC – IT Center for Science - CSC France: Institut de l'information scientifique et technique - INIST-CNRS Germany: German National Library of Economics - ZBW German National Library of Medicine - ZB MED German National Library of Science and Technology - TIB Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences - GESIS Göttingen State and University Library - SUB Gesellschaft für wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Göttingen - GWDG Hungary: Library and Information Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences - MTA KIK International: ICSU World Data System - ICSU-WDS Italy: Conference of Italian University Rectors - CRUI Japan: Japan Link Center - JaLC Netherlands: TU Delft Library Norway: BIBSYS Republic of Korea: Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information - KISTI Russia Cyberleninka Russian Agency for Digital Standardization South Africa: South African Environmental Observation Network - SAEON Sweden: Swedish National Data Service - SND Switzerland: CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich - ETH Thailand: National Research Council of Thailand - NRCT United Kingdom: The British Library - BL Digital Curation Centre United States: California Digital Library - CDL Office of Scientific and Technical Information, US Department of Energy - OSTI Purdue University Libraries - PUL Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research - ICPSR Harvard University Library Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - IEEE Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models - KIM United States Geological Survey - USGS University of Southern California - USC In April 2017, DataCite was one of the founding partners in the Initiative for Open Citations.

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Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska

Scotts Bluff County is a county on the western border of the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,970, its county seat is Gering, its largest city is Scottsbluff. Scotts Bluff County is included in NE Micropolitan Statistical Area. In the Nebraska license plate system, Scotts Bluff County is represented by the prefix 21, since the county had the twenty-first-largest number of registered vehicles registered when the state's license-plate system was established in 1922; the county is named for a prominent bluff that served as a landmark for 19th-century pioneers traveling along the Oregon Trail. Scotts Bluff was named for Hiram Scott, a Rocky Mountain Fur Company trapper who died nearby around 1828. Washington Irving claimed that, after being injured and abandoned, Scott had crawled sixty miles only to perish near the bluff that now bears his name; the bluff is now managed by the National Park Service as Scotts Bluff National Monument. The town of Gering was founded at the base of the bluff in 1887, the city of Scottsbluff was founded across the North Platte River in 1900.

Joined by the river, the former transportation highway, the two cities now form Nebraska's 7th-largest urban area. Scotts Bluff County Airport is Nebraska's third-busiest airport in terms of passenger boardings. Scotts Bluff County is on the west side of Nebraska, its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Wyoming. The North Platte River flows east-southeastward through the upper central part of the county; the county's terrain consists of arid rolling hills, about half of, dedicated to agriculture. The county's lands slope to the east-southeast; the county has an area of 745 square miles, of which 739 square miles is land and 6.0 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 36,951 people, 14,887 households, 10,167 families in the county; the population density was 50 people per square mile. There were 16,119 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.58% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 1.88% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.02% from other races, 1.63% from two or more races.

17.19 % of the population were Latino of any race. 39.5 % were of 8.6 % English and 6.8 % Irish ancestry. There were 14,887 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,016, the median income for a family was $38,932. Males had a median income of $30,317 versus $20,717 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,355.

About 11.00% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over. The economy of Scotts Bluff County is based on agriculture, with the primary crops being sugar beets and beans. Bradley Haig Scotts Bluff County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. Lake Minatare Lighthouse National Register of Historic Places listings in Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska

A Terrible Revenge

A Terrible Revenge: The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944–1950 is a 1994 non-fiction book written by Cuban-born American lawyer Alfred-Maurice de Zayas, former research fellow at MPG in Heidelberg, Germany. The work is based on a collection of testimonials from German civilians and the Third Reich military personnel, it includes as well selected interviews with British and American politicians who participated at the Potsdam Conference, including Robert Murphy, Geoffrey Harrison, Denis Allen. The book attempts to describe the crimes committed against the German nation by the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia at the end of World War II – as perceived by the expellees themselves and settlers brought in Heim ins Reich from the east; the author begins with the history of German settlement in Central and Eastern Europe since the 12th century, the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on German minorities in Poland and Czechoslovakia, the failure of the League of Nations system of minority protection, the outbreak of World War II and selected crimes committed by the Nazis, followed by the story of refugees from the former Eastern parts of Germany, as well as the fate of German minorities in Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union.

In the book, de Zayas claims that two million Germans died during the post period of 1944–1949, although his claim does not withstand scrutiny. Most recent research on the subject has put the number at around half a million; the book originated as a script for a television documentary by the Bavarian Broadcasting. It was a popular rendition of the author's monography on the expulsions called the Nemesis at Potsdam; this shorter introduction to the subject was published in German as Anmerkungen zur Vertreibung der Deutschen aus dem Osten, first printed in English under the title of The German Expellees: Victims in War and Peace. The new, 1994 English title, included the neologism "ethnic cleansing", used at that time in relation to the crimes committed by Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina of the 1990s; the 5th expanded. The book ends with 14 legal theses and 10 conclusions, it was positively reviewed in Germany by Andreas Hillgruber in the Historische Zeitschrift and Gotthold Rhode in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

The 2006 English edition was expanded by about 20%. It contains additional information from interviews with the children of the displaced, German expellees who migrated to the United States and Canada, new photos and new statistical tables. "This popularly written but still scholarly study follows the author's other successful books in the fields of history and international law were hailed by historians as well as lawyers as masterpieces of academic craftsmanship. His book.presents in a nutshell the history of the ethnic German population which had settled in the early 13th century in large parts of what is nowadays Eastern Europe." Netherlands International Law Review 1986, pp. 430–431."This is the story of the ethnic Germans who found themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time. Some two million died and fifteen million were displaced – driven from their lands by those opposed to anyone and everything German... De Zayas's moving plea is; as frontiers once more shift in Eastern Europe and families flee in Bosnia, he could hardly have chosen a better moment to deliver it."

The Times, 18 November 1993. One reviewer, Rainer Ohliger of Humboldt University, argues that de Zayas over-emphasizes the role of the Bund der Vertriebenen and its property and territorial claims, it has been noted that no West–East migration occurred when this possibility arose after the unification of the German states, that no Germans have returned to the East after the Baltic States, Czechoslovakia and Romania entered the European Union. The book has been criticized for its victim perspective unsuitable for scholarly works, unfavourably comparing it with a more recent book of Detlef Brandes; the 2006 revised and enlarged edition of "Terrible Revenge" with Palgrave/Macmillan takes some of these considerations into account. In the introduction the author notes that a "Terrible Revenge" is a popularized version of his longer monograph "Nemesis at Potsdam". See review of the Future of Freedom Foundation. Other reviews have criticized both de Brandes reversely. According to Eagle Glassheim, Brandes does not provide any moral conclusion deriving from violence against civilians due to their ethnic heritage.

Against Their Will, a historical research book by Pavel Polyan Forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union Journey Back to Youth, a 2001 documentary film Nemmersdorf massacre of 21 October 1944, in Kaliningrad Oblast Soviet war crimes from 1919 onward

Oh, Brother! (comic strip)

Oh, Brother! is an American comic strip by Bob Weber Jr. and Jay Stephens, launched June 28, 2010, by King Features Syndicate. On July 29, 2011, the Oh, Brother! team announced the finale on their blog. Daily syndication ceased on August 7, 2011. Bud and his sister Lily live in a middle-class suburban neighborhood. King Features outlined the sibling situations and interactions: Whether they are playing together in the family room or running amok in the schoolyard and Lily elevate the act of one-upmanship to Code Red levels. Lily is the quintessential older yet far more sensible sister, she takes it upon herself to look after Bud. While Lily wins the occasional battle with her cool-headed maturity, Bud is intent on winning the war with his brazen brand of mischief. Despite their obvious personality differences and Lily love each other and have a strong sibling bond. Bob Weber Jr. is the creator of the award-winning Slylock Fox & Comics For Kids, distributed by King Features to nearly 400 newspapers worldwide.

Canadian cartoonist Jay Stephens, a regular contributor to Nickelodeon Magazine, was nominated in 2007 for a National Cartoonists Society Reuben Award for his work on three drawing instruction books. He has been nominated for several Harvey Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards. Alan Gardner reviewed the strip for The Daily Cartoonist: The drawing style harkens back to a cartooning style of the ’60s and ’70s. It's void of extraneous detail. There are no belabored setups to get to the punchline... Another mark of its simplicity is the feature. There are no iPods, iPads, iMacs or any “iModern conveniences.” In a couple of dailies there is an ATM and an airport X-ray machine that were necessary to set a context, but overall modern references don’t exist. When Bud writes a thank you note to his grandma for a gift, he’s shown handwriting it, not sending an email. I find it interesting; because of the simplicity of the line art they can pull it off. Sometimes the panel is split in half horizontally, sometimes vertically, sometimes horizontally with the top half is split vertically.

It’s an interesting arrangement, but it works well and it’s not difficult to follow the flow regardless of how they’re laid out. "Oh, Brother! Brat Attack!" Andrews McMeel Publishing Cartoon Snap "‘Oh Brother!’ here art thou: New comic joins funnies page", Daily Herald

Aguinaldo, Ifugao

Aguinaldo the Municipality of Aguinaldo, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Ifugao, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 19,408 people. Batas Pambansa Bilang 86, approved on September 20, 1980, created the municipality out of Barangays Bunhian, Galonogon, Jacmal, Taang and Ubao, from the Municipality of Mayoyao; the economy is agricultural with palay as the main crop. Aguinaldo is politically subdivided into 16 barangays. In the 2015 census, the population of Aguinaldo, was 19,408 people, with a density of 36 inhabitants per square kilometre or 93 inhabitants per square mile. Municipality of Aguinaldo official website Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System

Ferdinand von L√ľninck

Ferdinand Joseph Meinolph Anton Maria Freiherr von Lüninck was a German landowner and officer. Born in Ostwig, Province of Westphalia, Ferdinand Freiherr von Lüninck was married to Auguste Freiin von Gaugreben-Schönau, with whom he had two daughters and three sons. Ferdinand Freiherr von Lüninck studied law and adopted a career in government. After the First World War, he was until 1922 District Administrator in Neuss. After his father's death, he moved back to his family home to administer the estate, became active in the Westphalia Landwirtschaftskammer, a body representing and regulating matters relating to rural interests and forests. Within the German National People's Party he first supported the course. From 1933 to 1938, he was the premier of the Province of Westphalia, until 1943, he was in the military as a battalion commander in Potsdam, he was involved in the plans to overthrow Hitler on 20 July 1944, after having met Carl Friedrich Goerdeler and Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenburg in Berlin in 1943.

He was foreseen as Political Commissioner for Defence District XX. He was arrested on 25 July 1944, he was sentenced at the Volksgerichtshof on 13 November 1944 to death and hanged at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin the next day. Regarding personal names: Freiherr is a former title. In Germany since 1919, it forms part of family names; the feminine forms are Freiin. Short biography Lünincks Works in the Landwirtschaftskammer Plötzensee Prison Newspaper clippings about Ferdinand von Lüninck in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW