Georges Didi-Huberman FBA is a French philosopher and art historian. Georges Didi-Huberman was born on 13 June 1953 in Saint-Étienne, he has been a scholar at the French Academy in Rome and resident in the Berenson Foundation of Villa I Tatti in Florence. He teaches at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, where he has been a lecturer since 1990, he is the 2015 recipient of the Adorno Prize. In July 2017, Didi-Huberman was elected a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences. Invention de l’hystérie. Charcot et l’Iconographie photographique de la Salpêtrière, sur l'École de la Salpêtrière, Macula, 1982. Mémorandum de la peste. Le fléau d’imaginer, Christian Bourgois, 1983. La Peinture incarnée followed by Chef-d'œuvre inconnu de Balzac, Minuit, 1985. Fra Angelico. Dissemblance et figuration, Flammarion, 1990. Devant l’image. Questions posées aux fins d'une histoire de l'art, Minuit, 1990. Ce que nous voyons, ce qui nous regarde, Minuit, 1992.
Le Cube et le visage. Autour d’une sculpture d’Alberto Giacometti Macula, 1992. L'Empreinte du ciel, présentation des Caprices de la foudre, Éditions Antigone, 1994. La Ressemblance informe, ou Le gai savoir visuel selon Georges Bataille, Macula, 1995. Phasmes. Essais sur l'apparition, Minuit 1998. L’Étoilement, sur Simon Hantaï, Minuit, 1998. La Demeure, la souche, sur Pascal Convert, Minuit, 1999. Ouvrir Vénus. Nudité, rêve, cruauté, Gallimard, 1999. Devant le temps, Minuit, 2000. Être crâne, sur Giuseppe Penone, Minuit, 2000. L’Homme qui marchait dans la couleur, sur James Turrell, Minuit, 2001. Génie du non-lieu, sur Claudio Parmiggiani, Minuit, 2001. L’Image survivante, Minuit, 2002. Ninfa moderna. Essai sur le drapé tombé, Gallimard, 2002. Images malgré tout, Minuit, 2004. Gestes d’air et de pierre, Minuit, 2005. Le Danseur des solitudes, sur Israel Galván, Minuit, 2006. L'Image ouverte. Motifs de l'incarnation dans les arts visuels, Gallimard, 2007. La Ressemblance par contact, Minuit, 2008. L'Œil de l'histoire - Tome 1: Quand les images prennent position, Minuit, 2009.
Survivance des lucioles, Minuit, 2009. L'Œil de l'histoire - Tome 2: Remontages du temps subi, Minuit, 2010. ISBN 9782707321367 L’Œil de l'Histoire - Tome 3: Atlas ou le gai savoir inquiet -, Minuit, 2011. Écorces, Minuit, 2011. L'Œil de l'histoire - Tome 4: Peuples exposés, peuples figurants, Minuit, 2012. Essayer voir, Minuit, 2014, ISBN 9782707323651. Revue Nunc numéro 26, février 2012 - Cahier G. Didi-Huberman dirigé par Jérôme de Gramont - Editions de Corlevour Bibliographie du séminaire de Georges Didi-Huberman à l'EHESS, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. Vidéo « Au bord de la mémoire » Interview with Georges Didi-Huberman for Radio Web MACBA about the problems regarding the way in which we see and interpret images
Melissa Leach, is a British geographer and social anthropologist. She studies sustainability and development concerns in policy-making and has a focus on the politics of science and technology of Africa; as of 2017 she was the Director of the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. She earned her BA in geography with starred first honours at the University of Cambridge, her MPhil and PhD in social anthropology from the SOAS University of London. Leach co-founded and directed the ESRC STEPS Centre from 2006 to 2014. 1998: Amaury Talbot Prize of the Royal Anthropological Institute, for best book in African Anthropology, for'Misreading the African Landscape'. 2012: European Association for the Study of Science and Technology Ziman Prize for public engagement with science, for STEPS Centre'New Manifesto' initiative. 2016: ESRC Outstanding International Impact Award for Ebola Response Anthropology Platform. 2017: Leach was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to the social sciences.
2017: In July 2017, she was elected a Fellow of the British Academy, the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences. Vice-Chair of the Science Committee of Future Earth, steering development of agenda around planetary futures and post-2015 development. Member of the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems. Lead author of the UN Women 2014 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development on gender equality and sustainable development. Co-Leader, ISSC World Social Science Report 2016 on Inequalities and Social justice. Trustee, Malaria Consortium Advisory Board member, ESRC ‘Nexus Network: New connections in food, energy and the environment’. UK Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies Ebola, 2014 – 15. Leach, M. and Scoones, I. eds. 2015. Carbon conflicts and forest landscapes in Africa. Routledge. Leach, M. 2015. The Ebola Crisis and Post‐2015 Development. Journal of International Development, 27, pp. 816–834. Leach, M. Raworth, K. and Rockström, J. 2013.
Between social and planetary boundaries: Navigating pathways in the safe and just space for humanity. World social science report, 2013, pp. 84–89. Fairhead, J. Leach, M. and Scoones, I. 2012. Green Grabbing: a new appropriation of nature?. Journal of Peasant Studies, 39, pp. 237–261. Leach, M. Scoones, I. and Wynne, B. 2005. Science and citizens: globalisation and the challenge of engagement. Zed Books. Fairhead, J. and M. Leach, 1996, Misreading the African landscape: society and ecology in a forest-Savanna mosaic. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Leach, M. Mearns, R. and Scoones, I. 1999. Environmental entitlements: dynamics and institutions in community-based natural resource management. World development, 27, pp. 225–247. Leach, M. and Mearns, R. 1996. Environmental change and policy; the Lie of the Land: challenging received wisdom on the African environment. Oxford: James Currey, pp. 1–33. Leach, M. and R. Mearns, 1996, The Lie of the land: Challenging received wisdom on the African environment.
Oxford: James Currey Publishers Ltd. and New York: Heinemann Leach, M. 1994, Rainforest relations: Gender and resource use among the Mende of Gola, Sierra Leone. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press and Washington: Smithsonian Institution Melissa Leach on the Institute of Development Studies website Prof Melissa Leach on the University of Sussex website Professor Melissa Leach on the Bond website
Fellow of the British Academy
Fellowship of the British Academy is an award granted by the British Academy to leading academics for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences. There are three kinds of fellowship Fellows, for scholars resident in the United Kingdom Corresponding Fellows, for scholars not resident in the UK Honorary Fellows, an honorary academic titleThe award of fellowship is evidenced by published work and fellows may use the post-nominal letters: FBA. Examples of fellows include Mary Beard, Nicholas Stern, Baron Stern of Brentford, Jeremy Horder, Michael Lobban, M. R. James and Rowan Williams. List of Fellows of the British Academy
Douglas James Davies, is a Welsh theologian and academic, specialising in the history and sociology of death. He is Professor in the Study of Religion at the University of Durham, his fields of expertise include anthropology, the study of religion, the rituals and beliefs surrounding funerary rites and cremation around the globe, Mormonism. His research interests cover identity and belief, Anglican leadership. Davies was born on 11 February 1947 in, Wales, he was educated at Pengam, an old Grammar school in South Wales. He studied anthropology at St John's College, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1969, he studied for a Master of Letters research degree in Mormonism at St Peter's College and the Oxford Institute of Social Anthropology under the supervision of Bryan R. Wilson. In 1971, he Cranmer Hall, an Anglican]] theological college attached to St John's College, Durham, to train for ordained ministry. During this time he studied theology, graduating from Durham with a further BA degree in 1973.
Davies continued his studies post-ordination. He undertook research in meaning and salvation at the University of Nottingham, completing his Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1980, his doctoral thesis was titled "The notion of meaning and salvation in religious studies". In 2004, he was awarded a Doctor of Letters degree by the University of Oxford. In 1974, Davies joined the University of Nottingham as a lecturer in theology, he was promoted to senior lecturer in 1990, appointed Professor of Religious Studies in 1993. In 1997, he moved to Durham University, where he had been appointed Principal of the College of St Hild and St Bede and Professor of Theology. In 2000, he was appointed Professor in the Study of Religion, he was Head of the Department of Theology from 2002 to 2005, has served as Director of the Centre for Death and Life Studies since 2007. His current projects include writings on'The Encyclopedia of Cremation','The Clergy and British Society: 1940-2000','A Brief History of Death','Inner-speech and prayer' and'Ritual purity'.
He has published a large number of articles on death, contemporary Christianity. Davies has been involved with various editorial boards and conferences, including the'Editorial Board of Mortality' and the'British Sociological, he was guest speaker at both the Scandinavian Sociological Society Conference in 2004 and the International Cremation Federation Conference in Barcelona, 2003. Within the University of Durham he teaches three undergraduate modules:'Study of Religion','Death and Belief' and'Theology and Anthropology', he teaches'Ritual and Belief' to those studying a taught master's degree in Theology. He is a member of the Senior Common Room of St Chad's College Durham. Davies was ordained in the Church of England as a deacon in 1975 and as a priest in 1976. From 1975 to 1997, he served a number of honorary curacies in the Diocese of Southwell and Nottingham: St Mary's Church, Attenborough. Since 2013, he has held permission to officiate in the Diocese of Durham. In 2009, Davies was elected an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences: the academicians were renamed as Fellows of the Academy of Social Sciences in 2014.
In 2012, he was elected a Fellow of the Learned Society of the national academy of Wales. In July 2017, Davies was elected a Fellow of the British Academy, the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences. In 1998, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Theology degree by the Faculty of Theology at Uppsala University, Sweden, his book, Reusing Old Graves: A Report on Popular British Attitudes, co-written with Alastair Shaw, won the 1995 Bookseller/Diagram Prize for Oddest Title of the Year. His list of books include: Mors Britannica: Lifestyle and Death-style in Britain Today, 2015. Emotions and Religious Dynamics', with Nathaniel Warne, 2013 Natural Burial. Emotion and Death: Mortality across Disciplines', with Chang-Won Park, 2012. Emotion and Religion: Hope and Otherness', 2011. Joseph Smith and satanic Opposition: Atonement and the Mormon Vision', 2010. A Theology of Death', 2008. Bishops and Children, Spiritual capital across the Generations', with Mathew Guest, 2007.
A Brief History of Death, 2005 Encyclopedia of Cremation, editor, 2005 An Introduction to Mormonism, 2003 Anthropology and Theology, 2002 Death and Belief, 2002, 1997, 2017. Modern Christianity: Reviewing its Place in Britain Today, 2000 The Mormon Culture of Salvation, 2000 Private Passions: Betraying Discipleship on the Journey to Jerusalem, 2000 Themes and Issues in Christianity, 1997 Mormon Identities in Transition, editor, 1996 British Crematoria in Public Profile, 1995 Reusing Old Graves: A Report on Popular British Attitudes, 1995 Church and Religion in Rural England, 1991 Frank Byron Jevons: An Evolutionary Realist, 1991 Cremation Today and Tomorrow, 1990 Studies in Pastoral Theology and Social Anthropology, 1990 A Study of the Deployment and Work of the Rural Clergy in Five English Dioceses, 1990 Mormon Spirituality, 1987 Meaning and Salvation in Religious Studies, 1984
University of Glasgow
The University of Glasgow is a public research university in Glasgow, Scotland. Founded by papal bull in 1451, it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities. Along with the universities of Edinburgh, St. Andrews, the university was part of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century. In common with universities of the pre-modern era, Glasgow educated students from wealthy backgrounds, however, it became a pioneer in British higher education in the 19th century by providing for the needs of students from the growing urban and commercial middle class. Glasgow University served all of these students by preparing them for professions: the law, civil service and the church, it trained smaller but growing numbers for careers in science and engineering. The annual income of the institution for 2017–18 was £626.5 million of which £180.8 million was from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £610.1 million. It is a member of Universitas 21, the Russell Group and the Guild of European Research-Intensive Universities.
The university was located in the city's High Street. Additionally, a number of university buildings are located elsewhere, such as the Veterinary School in Bearsden, the Crichton Campus in Dumfries. Alumni or former staff of the university include James Wilson, philosopher Francis Hutcheson, engineer James Watt and economist Adam Smith, physicist Lord Kelvin, surgeon Joseph Lister, seven Nobel laureates, three British Prime Ministers; the University of Glasgow was founded in 1451 by a charter or papal bull from Pope Nicholas V, at the suggestion of King James II, giving Bishop William Turnbull, a graduate of the University of St Andrews, permission to add a university to the city's Cathedral. It is the second-oldest university in Scotland after St Andrews and the fourth-oldest in the English-speaking world; the universities of St Andrews and Aberdeen were ecclesiastical foundations, while Edinburgh was a civic foundation. As one of the ancient universities of the United Kingdom, Glasgow is one of only eight institutions to award undergraduate master's degrees in certain disciplines.
The university has been without its original Bull since the mid-sixteenth century. In 1560, during the political unrest accompanying the Scottish Reformation, the chancellor, Archbishop James Beaton, a supporter of the Marian cause, fled to France, he took with him, for safe-keeping, many of the archives and valuables of the Cathedral and the university, including the Mace and the Bull. Although the Mace was sent back in 1590, the archives were not. Principal Dr James Fall told the Parliamentary Commissioners of Visitation on 28 August 1690, that he had seen the Bull at the Scots College in Paris, together with the many charters granted to the university by the monarchs of Scotland from James II to Mary, Queen of Scots; the university enquired of these documents in 1738, but was informed by Thomas Innes and the superiors of the Scots College that the original records of the foundation of the university were not to be found. If they had not been lost by this time, they went astray during the French Revolution when the Scots College was under threat.
Its records and valuables were moved for safe-keeping out of the city of Paris. The Bull remains the authority. Teaching at the university began in the chapterhouse of Glasgow Cathedral, subsequently moving to nearby Rottenrow, in a building known as the "Auld Pedagogy"; the university was given 13 acres of land belonging to the Black Friars on High Street by Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1563. By the late 17th century its building centred on two courtyards surrounded by walled gardens, with a clock tower, one of the notable features of Glasgow's skyline – reaching 140 feet in height – and a chapel adapted from the church of the former Dominican friary. Remnants of this Scottish Renaissance building parts of the main facade, were transferred to the Gilmorehill campus and renamed as the "Pearce Lodge", after Sir William Pearce, the shipbuilding magnate who funded its preservation; the Lion and Unicorn Staircase was transferred from the old college site and is now attached to the Main Building. John Anderson, while professor of natural philosophy at the university, with some opposition from his colleagues, pioneered vocational education for working men and women during the Industrial Revolution.
To continue this work in his will, he founded Anderson's College, associated with the university before merging with other institutions to become the University of Strathclyde in 1964. In 1973, Delphine Parrott became its first female professor, as Gardiner Professor of Immunology. In October 2014, the university court voted for the university to become the first academic institution in Europe to divest from the fossil fuel industry; the university is spread over a number of different campuses. The main one is the Gilmorehill campus, in Hillhead; as well as this there is the Garscube Estate in Bearsden, housing the Veterinary School, Ship model basin and much of the University's sports facilities, the Dental School in the city centre, the section of Mental Health and Well Being at Gartnavel Royal Hospital on Great Western Road, the Teaching and Learning Centre at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital and the Crichton campus in Dumfries. The Imaging Ce
William "Bill" Cronon, FBA is a noted environmental historian and the Frederick Jackson Turner and Vilas Research Professor of History and Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He was president of the American Historical Association in 2012. Born in Connecticut, Cronon earned his D. Phil. From Jesus College, Oxford while a Rhodes Scholar from 1976 to 1978, he holds a B. A. from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and an M. A. M. Phil. and PhD from Yale University. In July 1985 Cronon was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. Cronon serves on the board of directors for The Trust for Public Land, a national land conservation group, he has been a member of the Wilderness Society since 1995, as of 2014 he served as vice chair of the organization's governing council. Cronon is best known for his first book Changes in the Land: Indians and the Ecology of New England, based on a seminar paper he wrote for his Yale adviser Edmund Sears Morgan, he proposed that the way cultures conceptualize property and ownership is a major factor in economies and ecosystems.
Secondly, unlike most historians, he documented that Native Americans intervened in and shaped the ecosystems in which they lived. His book Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West "is credited with having radically widened many environmental historians' gaze beyond such things as forests and public lands to include cities and what Cronon calls the'elaborate and intimate linkages' between city and country." Cronon says that capitalism fundamentally transformed the open Midwestern countryside. In one chapter, he details. At first farmers sold it in sacks with the farm's family name stamped on it; the book was a finalist for the 1992 Pulitzer Prize for History. In his book Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, his essay "The Trouble with Wilderness: Or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature", published in The New York Times, Cronon traced the idea of wilderness throughout American history, he claimed that the idea of untouched, pristine wilderness is a fantasy, because all of nature is interconnected.
He concludes: Learning to honor the wild — learning to remember and acknowledge the autonomy of the other — means striving for critical self-consciousness in all of our actions. It means the deep reflection and respect must accompany each act of use, means too that we must always consider the possibility of non-use, it means looking at the part of nature we intend to turn toward our own ends and asking whether we can use it again and again and again — sustainably — without its being diminished in the process. It means never imagining that we can flee into a mythical wilderness to escape history and the obligation to take responsibility for our own actions that history inescapably entails. Most of all, it means practicing remembrance and gratitude, for thanksgiving is the simplest and most basic of ways for us to recollect the nature, the culture, the history that have come together to make the world as we know it. If wildness can stop being out there and start being in here, if it can start being as humane as it is natural perhaps we can get on with the unending task of struggling to live rightly in the world — not just in the garden, not just in the wilderness, but in the home that encompasses them both.
Cronon was featured in Ken Burns's 2009 documentary The National Parks: America's Best Idea. During the 2011 Wisconsin protests over the state budget, Cronon started a blog called "Scholar as Citizen." His first blog post, on March 15, 2011, was about the American Legislative Exchange Council, an organization that provides model legislation to Republican and Democratic state legislators. According to Anthony Grafton of The New Yorker, "Cronon argued from indirect evidence that ALEC had played a major role behind the scenes in Governor Walker's attack on public employee unions in Wisconsin, he argued that this sort of political work, though legitimate, should be done in the open."On March 17, Stephan Thompson of the Wisconsin Republican Party filed a freedom of information request for email sent from or to Cronon's University of Wisconsin-Madison account that contained keywords related to the ongoing political events, including "Republican", "Scott Walker", "recall", "collective bargaining", "AFSCME", "WEAC", "rally", "union", the names of 12 Republican senators who supported Walker's bill.
Cronon wrote an op-ed criticizing Walker for The New York Times, published on March 21, 2011. On March 24, Cronon wrote a second blog entry announcing the Wisconsin Republican Party's freedom of information request for his emails, saying that the party's action had "the nakedly political purpose of trying to embarrass, harass, or silence a university professor". Citing Wisconsin's long history of protecting the right to academic freedom, Cronon asked the Republican Party of Wisconsin to withdraw its request; the party did not withdraw the request and on April 1 the university turned over a selection of Cronon's emails. Attorney John Dowling, acting as senior legal counsel for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, included a statement with the documents that explained the university's decision to continue to withhold some of Cronon's emails. University of Wisconsin-Madison Chancellor Carolyn "Biddy" Martin expounded upon this decision in an email to the UW-Madison campus community on the same day: We are excluding students because they are protected under FERPA.
We are excluding exchanges that fall outside the realm of the faculty member's job r
Scotland in the Middle Ages
Scotland in the Middle Ages concerns the history of Scotland from the departure of the Romans to the adoption of major aspects of the Renaissance in the early sixteenth century. From the fifth century northern Britain was divided into a series of petty kingdoms. Of these the four most important to emerge were the Picts, the Gaels of Dál Riata, the Britons of Strathclyde and the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Bernicia taken over by Northumbria. After the arrival of the Vikings in the late eighth century, Scandinavian rulers and colonies were established along parts of the coasts and in the islands. In the ninth century the Scots and Picts combined under the House of Alpin to form a single Kingdom of Alba, with a Pictish base and dominated by Gaelic culture. After the reign of King David I in the twelfth century, the Scottish monarchs are best described as Scoto-Norman, preferring French culture to native Scottish culture. Alexander II and his son Alexander III, were able to regain the remainder of the western seaboard, cumulating the Treaty of Perth with Norway in 1266.
After being invaded and occupied, Scotland re-established its independence from England under figures including William Wallace in the late thirteenth century and Robert Bruce in the fourteenth century. In the fifteenth century under the Stewart Dynasty, despite a turbulent political history, the crown gained greater political control at the expense of independent lords and regained most of its lost territory to the modern borders of the country. However, the Auld Alliance with France led to the heavy defeat of a Scottish army at the Battle of Flodden in 1513 and the death of the king James IV, which would be followed by a long minority and a period of political instability. Kingship was the major form of government, growing in sophistication in the late Middle Ages; the scale and nature of war changed, with larger armies, naval forces and the development of artillery and fortifications. The Church in Scotland always accepted papal authority, introduced monasticism, from the eleventh century embraced monastic reform, developing a flourishing religious culture that asserted its independence from English control.
Scotland grew from its base in the eastern Lowlands, to its modern borders. The varied and dramatic geography of the land provided a protection against invasion, but limited central control, it defined the pastoral economy, with the first burghs being created from the twelfth century. The population may have grown to a peak of a million before the arrival of the Black Death in 1337. In the early Middle Ages society was divided between a small aristocracy and larger numbers of freemen and slaves. Serfdom disappeared in the fourteenth century and there was a growth of new social groups; the Pictish and Cumbric languages were replaced by Gaelic, Old English and Norse, with Gaelic emerging as the major cultural language. From the eleventh century French was adopted in the court and in the late Middle Ages, derived from Old English, became dominant, with Gaelic confined to the Highlands. Christianity brought written culture and monasteries as centres of learning. From the twelfth century, educational opportunities widened and a growth of lay education cumulated in the Education Act 1496.
Until in the fifteenth century, when Scotland gained three universities, Scots pursuing higher education had to travel to England or the continent, where some gained an international reputation. Literature survives in all the major languages present in the early Middle Ages, with Scots emerging as a major literary language from John Barbour's Brus, developing a culture of poetry by court makars, major works of prose. Art from the early Middle Ages survives in carving, in metalwork, elaborate illuminated books, which contributed to the development of the wider insular style. Much of the finest work has not survived, but there are a few key examples of work commissioned in the Netherlands. Scotland had a musical tradition, with secular music composed and performed by bards and from the thirteenth century, church music influenced by continental and English forms. In the centuries after the departure of the Romans from Britain, four major circles of influence emerged within the borders of what is now Scotland.
In the east were the Picts, whose kingdoms stretched from the river Forth to Shetland. The first identifiable king to have exerted a superior and wide-ranging authority, was Bridei mac Maelchon, whose power was based in the Kingdom of Fidach and his base was at the fort of Craig Phadrig near modern Inverness. After his death leadership seems to have shifted to the Fortriu, whose lands were centred on Strathearn and Menteith and who raided along the eastern coast into modern England. Christian missionaries from Iona appear to have begun the conversion of the Picts to Christianity from 563. In the west were the Gaelic -speaking people of Dál Riata with their royal fortress at Dunadd in Argyll, with close links with the island of Ireland, from which they brought with them the name Scots. In 563 a mission from Ireland under St. Columba founded the monastery of Iona off the west coast of Scotland and began the conversion of the region to Christianity; the kingdom reached its height under Áedán mac Gabráin, but its expansion was checked at the Battle of Degsastan in 603 by Æthelfrith of Northumbria.
In the south was the British Kingdom of Strathclyde, descendants of the peoples of the Roman influenced kingdoms of "The Old North" named Alt Clut, the Brythonic name for their capital at Dumbarton Rock. In 642, they defeated the men of Dál Riata, but the kingdom suffered a number