New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
1980 NBA draft
The 1980 NBA draft was the 34th annual draft of the National Basketball Association. The draft was held on June 10,1980, before the 1980–81 season, in this draft,23 NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U. S. college basketball players and other eligible players, including international players. The first two picks in the draft belonged to the teams finished last in each conference, with the order determined by a coin flip. The Boston Celtics, who obtained the Detroit Pistons first-round pick in a trade, won the flip and were awarded the first overall pick. The Celtics then traded the first pick to the Golden State Warriors before the draft, the remaining first-round picks and the subsequent rounds were assigned to teams in reverse order of their win–loss record in the previous season. An expansion franchise, the Dallas Mavericks, took part in the NBA Draft for the first time and were assigned the eleventh pick in each round, a player who had finished his four-year college eligibility was automatically eligible for selection. Before the draft, five college underclassmen announced that they would leave college early, the draft consisted of 10 rounds comprising the selection of 214 players. This draft has the distinction of being the first to be NBA Draft to be televised, Joe Barry Carroll from Purdue University was selected first overall by the Golden State Warriors. Darrell Griffith from the University of Louisville was selected second by the Utah Jazz and he went on to win the Rookie of the Year Award in his first season. Kevin McHale from the University of Minnesota was selected third by the Boston Celtics, McHale spent his entire 13-year career with the Celtics and won three NBA championships. He also won two consecutive Sixth Man of the Year Award and was selected to one All-NBA Team, seven All Star Games. For his achievements, he has been inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame, McHale was also named to the list of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History announced at the leagues 50th anniversary in 1996. Carroll, 8th pick Andrew Toney, 11th pick Kiki Vandeweghe, nine players drafted went on to have a coaching career in the NBA. Kevin McHale served as the head coach for the Timberwolves in 2005 and in the 2008–2009 season. Mike Woodson, the 12th pick, coached the Atlanta Hawks for six seasons, Larry Drew, the 17th pick, worked as Woodsons assistant before he was promoted to the head coaching position in 2010. Bill Hanzlik, the 20th pick, coached the Denver Nuggets in the 1997–1998 season, compiling an 11–71 record, Butch Carter, the 37th pick, coached the Toronto Raptors for two and a half seasons. Terry Stotts, the 38th pick, coached both the Atlanta Hawks and Milwaukee Bucks for two seasons, and is currently the coach of the Portland Trail Blazers. Kurt Rambis, the 58th pick, who played nine years for the Los Angeles Lakers, after working as the Lakers assistant coach for seven years, Rambis received his first permanent head coaching position with the Minnesota Timberwolves in 2009
The shooting guard, also known as the two or off guard, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. A shooting guards main objective is to score points for his team, some teams ask their shooting guards to bring up the ball as well, these players are known colloquially as combo guards. A player who can switch between playing shooting guard and small forward is known as a swingman, notable swing men include Jimmy Butler, Tracy McGrady, Vince Carter, Joe Johnson, Andre Iguodala, Andrew Wiggins, Evan Turner and Tyreke Evans. In the NBA, shooting guards usually range from 64 to 67, the Basketball Handbook by Lee Rose describes a shooting guard as someone whose primary role is to score points. As the name suggests, most shooting guards are good long-range shooters, typically, shooting guards are taller than point guards. Height at the position varies, many bigger shooting guards also play small forward, Shooting guards should be good ball handlers and be able to pass reasonably well, though passing is not their main priority. Since good shooting guards may attract double-teams, they are frequently the teams back-up ball handlers to the point guard, Shooting guards must be able to score in various ways, especially late in a close game when defenses are tighter. They need to have a free throw percentage too, to be reliable in close games. Because of the level of offensive skills shooting guards need, they are often a teams primary scoring option. Good shooting guards can usually play point guard to a certain extent, Lee H. Rose ISBN 0-7360-4906-1 Media related to Shooting guards at Wikimedia Commons
The Albany Patroons were a professional basketball team that played in the Continental Basketball Association and in the United States Basketball League. The Patroons home arena was the 3, 500-seat Washington Avenue Armory, in 1990, the Patroons moved from this location and into the newly constructed Times Union Center, then called the Knickerbocker Arena. When the team was re-established in 2005, it moved back into the Armory, in February 2009, the CBA announced it was abbreviating its regular season as of February 3. On its official website, it was announced that the team would not play in the 2009–2010 season, originally entering the CBA as an expansion franchise in the 1982–83 season, the Patroons won league championships in 1984 and 1988, defeating the Wyoming Wildcatters in both instances. NBA head coach Phil Jackson won his first championship ring when he guided the Albany Patroons to the 1984 CBA championship, walter Williams was named MVP of the series and went on to become a key assistant coach to Jackson. Jackson would later win NBA championships with the Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers, in 1988, the Patroons won a second championship, this time under head coach Bill Musselman. Three years later, the Patroons completed a 50–6 regular season, including winning all 28 of their games, at that time. Future NBA stars Mario Elie and Vincent Askew were part of that 50–6 squad, during the Patroons time in the CBA, they won two CBA championships and five Eastern Division regular season titles. For the 1992–93 season, the Patroons were renamed the Capital Region Pontiacs, after that season, the franchise was relocated to Connecticut, where it played for 1½ years as the Hartford Hellcats. Other notable basketball coaches that have coached the Patroons are Bob Thomason, after a decade-long absence, the Patroons rejoined the CBA as an expansion team for the 2005–06 season with their original name, original colors, and a return to the old Washington Avenue Armory. In the Patroons first year back, they finished with a 20–28 record, Albany qualified for the playoffs, but lost in the first round of the CBA round-robin style playoffs. The Patroons were led by T. J. Thompson, who averaged a league-high 25.4 points per game, and local product James Thomas, on April 25,2006, the CBA moved its league offices into the Patroons home, the Washington Avenue Armory. In the 2006–07 season, the Patroons won the CBA American Conference championship, the Patroons lost game one at the Armory, to the Sun Kings. Without Richardson, the Patroons dropped the two games of the finals, as the Sun Kings won their second consecutive championship. Three days after the conclusion of the series, it was announced that Richardson would not be back to the coach the Patroons, Richardson, now the coach of the Oklahoma Cavalry, was replaced by Vincent Askew. On July 10,2007, former Patroon Jamario Moon signed a contract with the Toronto Raptors. Moon had a strong campaign, averaging 8.5 points and 6.2 rebounds per game. On June 14,2006, the Patroons purchased the rights to a United States Basketball League team, which would also be called the Patroons, the team replaced the Pennsylvania ValleyDawgs
The team originally began play in the 1982-1983 season as the Detroit Spirits. The Spirits did not qualify for the postseason in their first year in Savannah, in their second and final year in Savannah, they were eliminated by the Albany Patroons in the first round, four games to one. Future late-night talk show host Craig Kilborn served as the teams radio play-by-play announcer and it was the first broadcasting job of his career. On May 24,1982 Continental Basketball Association spokesperson Fran Greenburg announced that Detroit, the Detroit Spirits set a CBA record for team rebounds with 80 during a 107–101 loss to the Ohio Mixers on January 4,1983. Wise suffered minor cuts as described by the UPI and was ejected from the game, Spirits forward Marvin Barnes was suspended two games and fined $100 on February 19,1983 for what the CBA determined was a flagrant elbow against Ohio Mixers forward DeWayne Scales. Barnes was ejected from the game at which point he removed his jersey, according to Barnes he only threw the elbow in retaliation to Scales striking him in the back. Hes just not dependable and Im sick and tired of it. The problem is with Marvin, as with a lot of athletes, Barnes responded telling the UPI, I was at the house taking care of some other things Sam and I are friends and there are no hard feelings. In April 1985 Spirits owner Reggie Henderson told the Michigan Chronicle that he was looking to re-locate his franchise to Muskegon, Michigan, Flint, Michigan, or Toledo, Henderson said that the lease on their facilities was too high and a smaller market could accommodate his team better. He claimed the Spirts lost $700,000 during the 1984–85 season, the team averaged 800 spectators at home games during the season. In spite of this vice president Robb Larson announced on July 3,1985 they were close to finalizing a lease to use the University of Detroits Calihan Hall. After relocating to Tulsa, Oklahoma and changing their name to the Tulsa Fast Breakers, the franchise would have a name change to the Tulsa Zone before they eventually moved again to Fargo, North Dakota. Another move would send the team to Mexico City where they became the Mexico City Aztecas, the team would fold during the 1995-1996 season while playing as the San Diego Wildcards. Savannah Spirits on FunWhileItLasted. net Savannah Spirits logo Tulsa Fast Breakers logo Fargo-Moorhead Fever on FunWhileItLasted. net San Diego Wildcards on FunWhileItLasted. net
Iraklis Thessaloniki B.C.
Iraklis Thessaloniki B. C. is a Greek professional basketball team that is located in Thessaloniki. It serves as the section of the multi-sport club G. S. Iraklis. Iraklis will play in the Greek A2 for the 2015–16 season, the team colors are blue and white. Iraklis has won the Greek National Championship in 1928 and 1935, the parent athletic club was founded in 1908, and initially featured football. The club is named after Heracles, the mythical Greek demigod, the basketball team of Iraklis was established in 1924. Iraklis won the inaugural Greek League championship in 1928, to win the championship, Iraklis had to eliminate AEK Athens and Near East, before beating VAO in the championship game. The team won its second Greek championship in 1935, Iraklis reached the semifinals of the 1994–95 FIBA European Cup, where they competed against Taugrés. Iraklis won the first game 79–78, but lost the two games, to be eliminated 2–1 in a best of three series. In 1996, an Iraklis team led by former NBA players Xavier McDaniel and Roy Tarpley, by beating Apollon Patras in the semifinal, Iraklis reached the final, where it then lost 85–74 to Panathinaikos. Iraklis has also competed in the top European continental competitions. The club played in the European top-tier level European Champions Cup in the 1995–96 season, in 2006, Iraklis was relegated to the Greek A2 Basket League, after finishing 13th in the first-tier Greek League. In 2010, after four seasons in the second-tier level Greek League, after one season in the Greek top-tier level, Iraklis was again relegated down to the A2, with two matches left in the season. At the end of the season, Iraklis chose to play in the level of Greek basketball. The club was promoted to the Greek A2 Basket League in 2013, after finishing 2nd in its group, Iraklis plays its home games in the Ivanofeio Indoor Hall, an arena with a seating capacity of 2,443. The arena opened in 1987, and it was expanded to its current capacity in 1991, Ivanofeio is situated in the Thessaloniki city center, and it is owned by the GS Iraklis multi-sport club. The most prominent supporters club of the team is Aftonomi Thira 10, the fan club is known for holding an antiracist stance, as it participates in the Ultras Antiracist Festival. Other activities of the fan club include the publication of a magazine, other minor supporters clubs are SFISE, Blue Boys, A. P. A. T. S. I. and Iraklis Fan Club of Athens. In a 2013 opinion poll, Iraklis was ranked as the 6th most popular club in Greece
Maccabi Tel Aviv B.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv B. C. for sponsorship reasons Maccabi FOX Tel Aviv, is a professional basketball club based in Tel Aviv, Israel. The team plays in the Israeli Premier League and internationally in the EuroLeague, the club started in the mid-1930s, as part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv Sports Club, which had been founded in 1906. With six European Championships, one Adriatic Championship,51 Israeli Championships,44 Israeli Cups and it is also one of the most successful basketball teams of all time. The Israeli Basketball Super League started in 1954, and Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first champion and it has dominated the championship ever since, winning the title 50 times, including a run of 23 titles in a row between 1970 and 1992. The team has won the Israeli Basketball State Cup 41 times. Maccabi is considered Israels national sporting representative in the world, from 1969 until 2008, Maccabi Tel Aviv was sponsored by Elite, Israels largest food company, and carried its name. Since July 2008, Maccabi has had a new sponsor – Electra, since 1963, the clubs home court has been the Yad Eliyahu Arena in Tel Aviv. Originally an open-air court for 5,000 spectator, it is now an indoor arena with a capacity of 11,000. Most Maccabi head coaches have been former players of the club, yehoshua Rozin was involved with the club for 40 years. Ralph Klein started as an 18-year-old player and later had spells as a coach. Zvi Sherf played for Maccabis second team, and coached the team for three spells, Pini Gershon played in the Youth Section, and as a coach led Maccabi to three European titles, in 2001,2004, and 2005. Maccabi Tel Aviv has always provided the team with a large number of players. Five Maccabi players, headed by Avraham Shneur, were on the team that represented Israel in its first European Championship, Tanhum Cohen-Mintz was one of Europes top centers in the sixties, and was selected for the first European All Star Team which played in Madrid in 1964. Mickey Berkowitz, Motty Aroesti, Lou Silver, and Eric Minkin played a part in winning the silver medal in the European Championship in 1979 in Torino. Doron Jamchy played 16 years for the team, and holds the record for appearances. Maccabi Tel Aviv was the first Israeli club to enter the European Cup for Champions in 1958, since then, it has played over 600 games in European competitions, and was the only Israeli club to play in a Final and to win the Champions Cup on six occasions. Maccabi has played in 15 Champions Cup Finals, in 1994 and 2004, Maccabi organized the European Final Four in Tel Aviv. The first basketball game between an NBA and an FIBA team was held in 1978 in Tel Aviv, Maccabi Tel Aviv beat the defending NBA champion Washington Bullets, 98–97
Hapoel Afula B.C.
Hapoel Afula is a basketball club based in Afula. It currently plays in the Liga Leumit, the club was established in 1968, and were members of the top division during the 1970s and 1980s. A decline saw the merge with Hapoel Gilboa to form Hapoel Gilboa/Afula. The merged club played in the top division until 2008, when they were relegated after finishing bottom, in June 2008 the merged club was disbanded, and Hapoel Afula became an independent club again. In their first season, Afula won the Liga Leumit play-off against Hapoel Lev HaSharon 3-1, after one season, the group returned to the second division because the management could not arrange a suitable budget