Pocklington School is an independent school in Pocklington, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was founded in 1514 by John Dolman; the school is situated in 70 acres of land, on the outskirts of the small market town, 12 miles from York and 26 miles from Hull. It is an Anglican foundation and Friday morning church is compulsory for years 7–11, although pupils from all faiths are accepted, it is the 67th oldest school in the United Kingdom and celebrated its 500th birthday in 2014. Pupils sit entrance exams in order to join the senior school, years 7–11. After having taken GCSEs, pupils may enter the Pocklington School Sixth Form, providing they meet the required results; the main points of entry to the senior school are 11+, 13+ and 16+, but entry is not confined to these year groups. Entry is subject to examination and references from the pupil’s current school. Academic and music scholarships are available at most entry levels including the sixth form. Pocklington School has a Pre-School, Pre-Prep and Prep School, situated on the same grounds, accepting pupils of ages 3–11.
The current Headmaster is Mr Toby Seth, appointed from January 2019. He was Deputy Head at King's School in Macclesfield. Pocklington, like many private schools in the United Kingdom, has a number of traditions, such as the year group naming convention, its motto Virtute et Veritate is Latin for By virtue. There are four houses: Dolman and Hutton and Wilberforce; each pupil from a new family is entered into a house. The school has an armed forces centre, located on the edge of campus in the Annand VC Cadet Centre; the Combined Cadet Force takes part in various competitions each year and cadets can attend camps around the country. The school sports hall is housed in the train shed of the former Pocklington railway station, designed by George Townsend Andrews. William Wilberforce was the school's most notable pupil, he attended Pocklington School from 1771–76 and is famous as the parliamentary campaigner who brought about the abolition of the slave trade and the emancipation of slaves. A statue of a freed slave sculpted by Peter Tatham is in the centre of the St Nicholas Quadrangle.
A bronze statue of Wilberforce as a boy, by York sculptress Sally Arnup, stands near the school foyer. Erected in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of slave emancipation, Dr John Sentamu unveiled the new statue in autumn 2007. Pocklington School appeared in a television programme entitled In Search of Wilberforce, made by former BBC news presenter Moira Stuart, first shown on BBC 2 on 16 March 2007. Richard Annand, V. C. 1925–32, awarded the Victoria Cross in 1940 during the battle for France. His final visit to the school was in 2002 to unveil a copy of his citation; this can be seen in the Senior School Reception entrance. The new CCF Centre, opened in 2009, is named after him. Prof. Mark Child, FRS, 1947–1955, Coulson Professor of Theoretical Chemistry, Oxford. Sir Edward Clay, K. C. M. G. 1955–63, High Commissioner to Kenya. Sir James Cobban, 1920–29, headmaster of Abingdon School, 1947–70. Martin Crimp, 1968–74, playwright. Alexandra Dariescu, 2002–2003, Piano soloist. Arthur Stuart Duncan-Jones 1890–1897, Dean of Chichester for 25 years, speaker on foreign affairs and on Christian attitudes to war.
Adrian Edmondson 1969–75, co-writer / actor of Bottom and The Young Ones. Kyle Edmund, 2002–2006, tennis player. Stewart Eldon C. M. G. O. B. E. 1966–71, British Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, Dublin. Christopher Elliott C. B. M. B. E. 1960–65, Major General, commanded the 6th Armoured Brigade, Director of Military Operations and Director General of Army Training and Recruiting. Andrew Farquhar C. B. E. DL, 1966–72, Major General, General Officer Commanding 5th Division, awarded the Legion of Merit by the U. S. A. in 2005. Mark Fisher O. B. E. M. V. O. 1958–65, architect and designer of rock concerts. Chief designer of the opening and closing ceremonies for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Sebastian Horsley and writer. John How, 1894–1899, Bishop of Glasgow and Primus of the Church of Scotland. In the 1930s, he was Chaplain to George V, Edward VIII and George VI. Lord Moran, M. C. 1894–99, personal physician to Winston Churchill, author of The Anatomy of Courage and The Struggle for Survival, his personal accounts of looking after Churchill.
Eillie Norwood, 1875–1879, actor. Xavier Pick, 1982–1990, artist. K. A. Pyefinch FRSE 1911-1979 zoologist and expert on brown trout Robin Skelton, 1937–43, poet and literary scholar. Frank Smailes, 1924–27, Yorkshire and England cricketer. Sir Tom Stoppard, O. M. C. B. E. 1950–54, playwright. His portrait, presented to the school by Peter Stoppard, hangs in the senior school reception entrance. Peter Walker, C. B. C. B. E. 1959–68, Air Marshal, Joint Warfare Centre, Europe. Rob Webber, 1994–2004, England international rugby union player. William Wilberforce, 1771–1776, philanthropist, a leader of the movement to stop the slave trade. Sir Dawson Williams, CBE, MD, HonLLd, DLitt, DSc, FRCP 1867–1872, consultant physician and longest-serving editor of BMJ. Pocklington School Old Pocklingtonians Composer Jason Carr's website
North Marine Road Ground, Scarborough
North Marine Road Ground known as Queen's, is a cricket ground in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England. It is the home of Scarborough Cricket Club which hosts the Scarborough Cricket Festival and the Yorkshire County Cricket Club plays a series of fixtures in the second half of the season each year; the current capacity is 11,500, while its record attendance is the 22,946 who watched Yorkshire play Derbyshire in 1947. The two "ends" are known as the Trafalgar Square End. Cricket was first staged at the ground in 1863, when tenancy of Jackson's field on North Marine Road was obtained, matches having been played at Castle Hill in Scarborough since 1849. Yorkshire has played there since 1878; the first County Championship game was held there in 1896, when Yorkshire beat Leicestershire by 162 runs. With the demise of the other'out' grounds, Scarborough is the only regular venue for county cricket in Yorkshire other than Headingley Stadium, Leeds; the end-of-season Scarborough Festival, staged to capitalise on the large numbers of Yorkshire tourists in the seaside resort, saw touring teams, county teams and Yorkshire play in a mixture of friendly and one-day cricket.
The Fenner Trophy, a one-day competition featuring four counties, ran from 1971 to 1996 under the names of various sponsors. The centenary of the festival was celebrated with Sir Len Hutton as president; the ground is known to have a fast-scoring outfield and a pitch, receptive to spin. The ground hosts Senior Premier League matches while ECB representative games, under-19 and Women's Test matches have been held there in recent years; the ground has staged two One Day Internationals, pitting England against the West Indies and New Zealand in 1976 and 1978. In 2005, Yorkshire signed a new deal with the ground authorities which ensured that the county would continue to play there until 2010; the ground is situated close to the sea and features a raised cricket pavilion built at a cost of £2,150 in 1895. A new seating enclosure was further extended over the next five years. A concrete stand was added in 1926, at a cost of £6,700 and in 1956 a new West Stand was erected, costing £16,000. More the Jack Knowles Building was completed in 1995 at a cost of £210,000, new all-weather nets and a press box were constructed in 1997 for £50,000 and the enclosure and tea rooms were refurbished in 1998 for £95,000.
After the 2010 county season The Guardian named North Marine Road their,'Ground of the Year'. At different stages of the club's history, the stadium has contained a Velodrome, hosted athletics events, was the original home of Scarborough F. C. and, in more recent times, was a venue for Scarborough Hockey Club fixtures. The pavilion facilities are utilized throughout the year for a variety of functions. A single ODI century has been scored at the venue
Yorkshire, formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom. Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographical territory and cultural region; the name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and East Riding of Yorkshire. Within the borders of the historic county of Yorkshire are vast stretches of unspoiled countryside; this can be found in the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors and with the open aspect of some of the major cities. Yorkshire has been named "God's Own County" or "God's Own Country"; the emblem of Yorkshire is the White Rose of the English royal House of York, the most used flag representative of Yorkshire is the White Rose on a blue background, which after nearly fifty years of use, was recognised by the Flag Institute on 29 July 2008.
Yorkshire Day, held annually on 1 August, is a celebration of the general culture of Yorkshire, ranging from its history to its own dialect. Yorkshire is covered by different Government Office Regions. Most of the county falls within Yorkshire and the Humber while the extreme northern part of the county, such as Middlesbrough, Redcar and Startforth, falls within North East England. Small areas in the west of the county are covered by the North West England region. Yorkshire or the County of York was so named as it is the shire of York's Shire. "York" comes from the Viking name for Jórvík. "Shire" is from scir meaning care or official charge. The "shire" suffix is locally pronounced /-ʃə/ "shuh", or /-ʃiə/, a homophone of "sheer". Early inhabitants of Yorkshire were Celts, who formed two separate tribes, the Brigantes and the Parisi; the Brigantes controlled territory which became all of the North Riding of Yorkshire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. The tribe controlled most of Northern England and more territory than any other Celtic tribe in England.
That they had the Yorkshire area as their heartland is evident in that Isurium Brigantum was the capital town of their civitas under Roman rule. Six of the nine Brigantian poleis described by Claudius Ptolemaeus in the Geographia fall within the historic county; the Parisi, who controlled the area that would become the East Riding of Yorkshire, might have been related to the Parisii of Lutetia Parisiorum, Gaul. Their capital was at Petuaria, close to the Humber Estuary. Although the Roman conquest of Britain began in 43 AD, the Brigantes remained in control of their kingdom as a client state of Rome for an extended period, reigned over by the Brigantian monarchs Cartimandua and her husband Venutius; this situation suited both the Romans and the Brigantes, who were known as the most militant tribe in Britain. Queen Cartimandua left her husband Venutius for his armour bearer, setting off a chain of events which changed control of the region. Cartimandua, due to her good relationship with the Romans, was able to keep control of the kingdom.
At the second attempt, Venutius seized the kingdom, but the Romans, under general Petillius Cerialis, conquered the Brigantes in 71 AD. The fortified city of Eboracum was named as capital of Britannia Inferior and joint capital of all Roman Britain; the emperor Septimius Severus ruled the Roman Empire from Eboracum for the two years before his death. Another emperor, Constantius Chlorus, died in Eboracum during a visit in 306 AD; this saw his son Constantine the Great, who became renowned for his contributions to Christianity, proclaimed emperor in the city. In the early 5th century, the Roman rule ceased with the withdrawal of the last active Roman troops. By this stage, the Western Empire was in intermittent decline. After the Romans left, small Celtic kingdoms arose in the region, including the Kingdom of Ebrauc around York and the Kingdom of Elmet to the west. Elmet remained independent from the Germanic Northumbrian Angles until some time in the early 7th century, when King Edwin of Northumbria expelled its last king and annexed the region.
At its greatest extent, Northumbria stretched from the Irish Sea to the North Sea and from Edinburgh down to Hallamshire in the south. Scandinavian York or Danish/Norwegian York is a term used by historians for the south of Northumbria during the period of the late 9th century and first half of the 10th century, when it was dominated by Norse warrior-kings. Norse monarchy controlled varying amounts of Northumbria from 875 to 954, however the area was invaded and conquered for short periods by England between 927 and 954 before being annexed into England in 954, it was associated with the much longer-lived Kingdom of Dublin throughout this period. An army of Danish Vikings, the Great Heathen Army as its enemies referred to it, invaded Northumbrian territory in 866 AD; the Danes conquered and assumed what is now York and renamed it Jórvík, making it the capital city of a new Danish kingdom under the same name. The area which this kingdom covered included most of Southern Northumbria equivalent to the borders of Yorkshire extending further West.
The Danes went on to conque
ESPNcricinfo is a sports news website for the game of cricket. The site features news, live coverage of cricket matches, StatsGuru, a database of historical matches and players from the 18th century to the present; as of March 2018, Sambit Bal was the editor. The site conceived in a pre-World Wide Web form in 1993 by Dr Simon King, was acquired in 2002 by the Wisden Group—publishers of several notable cricket magazines and the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack; as part of an eventual breakup of the Wisden Group, it was sold to ESPN, jointly owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation, in 2007. CricInfo was launched on 15 March 1993 by Dr Simon King, a British researcher at the University of Minnesota, with help from students and researchers at universities around the world; the site was reliant on contributions from fans around the world who spent hours compiling electronic scorecards and contributing them to CricInfo's comprehensive archive, as well as keying in live scores from games around the world using CricInfo's scoring software, "dougie".
In 2000, Cricinfo's estimated worth was $150 million. Cricinfo's significant growth in the 1990s made it an attractive site for investors during the peak of the dotcom boom, in 2000 it received $37 million worth of Satyam Infoway Ltd. shares in exchange for a 25% stake in the company. It used around $22m worth of the paper to pay off initial investors but only raised about £6 million by selling the remaining stock. While the site continued to attract more and more users and operated on a low cost base, its income was not enough to support a peak staff of 130 in nine countries, forcing redundancies. By late 2002 the company was making a monthly operating profit and was one of few independent sports sites to avoid collapse. However, the business was still servicing a large loan. Cricinfo was acquired by Paul Getty's Wisden Group, the publisher of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and The Wisden Cricketer, renamed Wisden Cricinfo; the Wisden brand were phased out in favor of Cricinfo for Wisden's online operations.
In December 2005, Wisden re-launched its discontinued Wisden Asia Cricket magazine as Cricinfo Magazine, a magazine dedicated to coverage of Indian cricket. The magazine published its last issue in July 2007. In 2006, revenue was reported to be £3m. In 2007, the Wisden Group began to be sold to other companies. In June 2007, ESPN Inc. announced. The acquisition was intended to help further expand Cricinfo by combining the site with ESPN's other web properties, including ESPN.com and ESPN Soccernet. Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed; as of 2018, Sambit Bal is the Editor-in-Chief of ESPNcricinfo. In 2013, ESPNcricinfo.com celebrated its 20 anniversary of founding with a series of online features. The annual ESPNcricinfo Awards have become an popular event in the cricket calendar. ESPNcricinfo's popularity was further demonstrated on 24 February 2010, when the site could not handle the heavy traffic experienced after the great Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar broke the record for the highest individual male score in a One Day International match with 200*.
ESPNcricinfo contains various news, blogs and fantasy sports games. Among its most popular feature are its liveblogs of cricket matches, which includes a bevy of scorecard options, allowing readers to track such aspects of the game as wagon wheels and partnership breakdowns. For each match, the live scores are accompanied by a bulletin, which details the turning points of the match and some of the off-field events; the site used to offer Cricinfo 3D, a feature which utilizes a match's scoring data to generate a 3D animated simulation of a live match. Regular columns on ESPNcricinfo include "All Today's Yesterdays", an "On this day" column focusing on historical cricket events, "Quote Unquote", which features notable quotes from cricketers and cricket administrators. "Ask Steven" is another regular section on ESPNCricinfo. It is a Tuesday column. Among its most extensive feature is StatsGuru, a database created by Travis Basevi, containing statistics on players, teams, information about cricket boards, details of future tournaments, individual teams, records.
In May 2014, ESPNcricinfo launched CricIQ, an online test to challenge every fan’s cricket knowledge. The Cricket Monthly claims itself to be the world’s first digital-only cricket magazine; the first issue was dated August 2014. ESPNcricinfo History of the first decade of Cricinfo by Badri Seshadri, September 26, 2013 CricInfo – How it all began by Rohan Chandran, 2013, with an insiders view of the who and what and comments by other pioneers
Batting average (cricket)
In cricket, a player's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been out. Since the number of runs a player scores and how they get out are measures of their own playing ability, independent of their teammates, batting average is a good metric for an individual player's skill as a batter; the number is simple to interpret intuitively. If all the batter's innings were completed, this is the average number of runs they score per innings. If they did not complete all their innings, this number is an estimate of the unknown average number of runs they score per innings; each player has several batting averages, with a different figure calculated for each type of match they play, a player's batting averages may be calculated for individual seasons or series, or at particular grounds, or against particular opponents, or across their whole career. Batting average has been used to gauge cricket players' relative skills since the 18th century.
Most players have career batting averages in the range of 20 to 40. This is the desirable range for wicket-keepers, though some fall short and make up for it with keeping skill; until a substantial increase in scores in the 21st century due to improved bats and smaller grounds among other factors, players who sustained an average above 50 through a career were considered exceptional, before the development of the heavy roller in the 1870s an average of 25 was considered good. All-rounders who are more prominent bowlers than batsmen average something between 20 and 30. 15 and under is typical for specialist bowlers. A small number of players have averaged less than 5 for a complete career, though a player with such an average is a liability unless an exceptional bowler as Alf Valentine, B. S. Chandrasekhar or Glenn McGrath were. Career records for batting average are subject to a minimum qualification of 20 innings played or completed, in order to exclude batsmen who have not played enough games for their skill to be reliably assessed.
Under this qualification, the highest Test batting average belongs to Australia's Sir Donald Bradman, with 99.94. Given that a career batting average over 50 is exceptional, that only five other players have averages over 60, this is an outstanding statistic; the fact that Bradman's average is so far above that of any other cricketer has led several statisticians to argue that, statistically at least, he was the greatest athlete in any sport. Disregarding this 20 innings qualification, the highest career test batting average is 112, by Andy Ganteaume, a Trinidadian Keeper-batsman, dismissed for 112 in his only test innings. Batting averages in One Day International cricket tend to be lower than in Test cricket, because of the need to score runs more and take riskier strokes and the lesser emphasis on building a large innings, it should be remembered in relation to the ODI histogram above, that there were no ODI competitions when Bradman played. If a batter has been dismissed in every single innings this statistic gives the average number of runs they score per innings.
However, for a batter with innings which finished not out, the true average number of runs they score per innings is unknown as it is not known how many runs they would have scored if they could have completed all their not out innings. This statistic is an estimate of the average number of runs. If their scores have a geometric distribution this statistic is the maximum likelihood estimate of their true unknown average. Batting averages can be affected by the number of not outs. For example, Phil Tufnell, noted for his poor batting, has an respectable ODI average of 15, despite a highest score of only 5 not out, as he scored an overall total of 15 runs from 10 innings, but was out only once. A batter who has not been dismissed in any of the innings over which their average is being calculated does not have a batting average, as dividing by zero does not give a result. Highest career batting averages in Test matches. Table shows players with at least 20 innings completed. * denotes not out. Last updated: 14 October 2018.
Highest career batting averages in First-class cricket as follows: Source: Cricinfo Statsguru. Table shows players with at least 50 innings batted, note this table has no requirement for minimum number of runs scored. * denotes not out. Last updated: 10 November 2018. Alternative measures of batting effectiveness have been developed, including: Strike rate measures a different concept to batting average – how the batter scores – so it does not supplant the role of batting average, it is used in limited overs matches, where the speed at which a batter scores is more important than it is in first-class cricket. A system of player rankings was developed to produce a better indication of players' current standings than is provided by comparing their averages. Cricket statistics Batting average Bowling average
Graeme Ashley Hick is a former English cricketer who played 65 Test matches and 120 One Day Internationals for England. He was born in Rhodesia, as a young man played international cricket for Zimbabwe, he played English county cricket for Worcestershire for his entire English domestic career, a period of well over twenty years, in 2008 surpassed Graham Gooch's record for the most matches in all forms of the game combined. He scored more than 40,000 first-class runs from number three in the order, he is one of only three players to have passed 20,000 runs in List A cricket and is one of only twenty-five players to have scored 100 centuries in first-class cricket, he is the only cricketer. He is the second highest run scorer of all time after Graham Gooch. Despite these achievements, he is held to have underachieved in international cricket, a view based on comparison of Hick's overall first-class batting average of 52.23 vis-à-vis his Test average of 31.32. At one time Hick's bowling was a significant force, his off-spin claimed more than 200 first-class wickets.
However, after 2001 he bowled, took only one first-class and two List A wickets. Throughout his career he was an outstanding slip fielder: Gooch wrote in his autobiography that his ideal slip cordon would comprise Mark Taylor, Ian Botham and Hick. Hick was granted a benefit season by Worcestershire in 1999, which raised over £345,000. Hick retired from county cricket at the end of the 2008 season, to take up a coaching post at Malvern College. For the remaining part of the season, he joined Chandigarh Lions of the Indian Cricket League. Born in Salisbury, Rhodesia into a tobacco-farming family, Hick was at first more interested in hockey than cricket, indeed went on to play for the national schools hockey team, he was more of a bowler than a batsman, but in 1979 he began to make big scores averaging 185 for the school side. He suffered from a mild form of meningitis in 1980, but he progressed to become captain of the national Junior Schools team, before long to play for the Senior Schools side.
He attended Prince Edward School. Aged just 16, Hick played three minor one-day games for Zimbabwe Colts and Zimbabwe Country Districts against Young Australia in 1982–83, he had no success with the bat, being dismissed for 0, 2 and 1, although he did bowl Dean Jones in the second match at Mutare. Hick was included in the Zimbabwean squad for the 1983 World Cup, the youngest player to achieve such a status, but was not selected to play in the tournament; the following Zimbabwean season, on 7 October 1983, Hick made his first-class debut for Zimbabwe against Young West Indies at Harare. Coming in at number eight in the first innings, he hit 28 not out to help set up a narrow three-wicket victory. Eight days Hick made his List A debut against the same opponents, batting one place lower still and making 16* in a game decided on run rate. On 7 December 1983, Hick took his maiden first-class wicket, bowling Sri Lanka Test batsman Susil Fernando while playing for Zimbabwe against a Sri Lanka Board President's XI.
Four days Hick made his maiden first-class fifty when he scored 57 against a Sri Lankan XI, in March 1984 he achieved the same in a one-day match by hitting 62* against Young India – a performance for which he was named Man of the Match for the first time. Looking back on this period two decades Steve Waugh considered that at 18 Hick was as good a player as anyone of that age in the history of cricket. In 1984, Hick came to England on a scholarship from the Zimbabwe Cricket Union. For Worcestershire's Second XI he was impressive: he twice took five wickets in an innings, a prolific sequence of 195, 0, 170 and 186 gained him a first-team debut against Surrey in the last match of the 1984 County Championship. Worcestershire declared in their first innings, Hick did not get to bat, but in the second – coming in at nine – he made 82*, he played club cricket for Kidderminster in the Birmingham League. He hit 1,234 runs for a Kidderminster record. Hick spent the winter playing for Zimbabwe, his highest scores being 95 and 88 in separate matches against Young New Zealand.
Hick's good year in 1984 encouraged him to continue playing in England, in the English summer that followed, Zimbabwe toured England, Hick played both for them and for his county. He enjoyed a successful season, ending with a batting average of 52.70, scoring his first century: 230 for the Zimbabweans against Oxford University. This was to be the first of six successive English seasons in which Hick averaged more than fifty in first-class cricket. Playing that winter in Zimbabwe, he made 309 in under seven hours in a minor match against Ireland, the highest score made in any form of cricket for either Zimbabwe or its predecessor Rhodesia; the 1986 English season was the first year in which Hick was notably successful in the one-day game: he hit 889 List A runs that year at an average over forty. 1986 saw the 20-year-old Hick — newly capped by Worcestershire – become the youngest player to make 2,000 first-class runs in a season, while in 1987, he was named as one of Wisden's five Cricketers of the Year.
He had a successful season in one-day cricket as Worcestershire won the Refuge Assurance League, passing 1,000 List A runs for the only time, averaging over seventy in such games and making a one-day career-best 172* against Devon in the NatWest Trophy. By now Hick's
Michael Andrew Atherton OBE is a broadcaster, journalist and a former England international first-class cricketer. A right-handed opening batsman for Lancashire and England, occasional leg-break bowler, he achieved the captaincy of England at the age of 25 and led the side in a record 54 Test matches. Known for his stubborn resistance during an era of hostile fast bowling, Atherton was described in 2001 as a determined defensive opener who made "batting look like trench warfare", he had several famed bouts with bowlers including South Africa's Allan Donald and Australia's Glenn McGrath. Atherton played the anchor role at a time when England batting performances lacked consistency, his playing career included some controversy, including an accusation of ball tampering, several brushes with the media with whom, by Atherton's own admission, he did not have a good understanding when he was a player. Hampered by a chronic back complaint, to contribute to the end of his career, Atherton was considered a leading England batsman during the 1990s.
Following retirement he became a journalist and is a cricket commentator with Sky Sports, cricket correspondent of The Times. Atherton was born in Failsworth, England, his family includes several lesser known sportspeople, such as his father Alan, a former Manchester United reserve goalkeeper in the 1960s. As a youth, he captained the Manchester Grammar School cricket team, for whom he scored 3,500 runs and took 170 wickets, his performances led to selection for the England under-19 team, which he captained aged 16. He represented Lancashire Schools from 1982 to 1986. In 1983 he won the Jack Hobbs Memorial Award as the Outstanding Schoolboy Cricketer at under-15 level. In a match against the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1984 he took 6–27. Entering Downing College, Cambridge, to read History, he was selected at 18 to play for Cambridge University Cricket Club and awarded a blue. A year he made 73 on his county debut for Lancashire, scoring his maiden first-class hundred against Derbyshire a fortnight later.
During this time he represented his university, the Combined Universities cricket team and his county. This early rise through the ranks, extensive leadership experience earned him the nickname "FEC", thought to have stood for "future England captain". In his autobiography Opening Up, Atherton is candid about the fact that there are more colourful alternatives for "FEC". Atherton's heady rise continued when he made his debut for England in the fifth test against Australia at Trent Bridge, where he scored 0 and 47. Atherton's chance came when several England players announced their decision to go on a rebel tour to South Africa and so were banned from the Test team. Despite these defections, he was selected as vice-captain of the 1989–90 A-team tour to Zimbabwe rather than for the West Indies tour, he learned that he would make his debut when captain David Gower threw a plastic bag of England caps and sweaters at him. Atherton returned to the England side in the summer of 1990, partnering Graham Gooch at the top of the order and giving the first demonstration of his abilities at international level.
In his first innings after recall, his first opening the batting for England, he scored 151 against New Zealand. He shared an opening partnership of 204 with Gooch against India at Lord's, in the match famous for Gooch's scores of 333 and 123, Test centuries against New Zealand and India earned him the title of Young Cricketer of the Year. During the winter of 1990–91, Atherton faced a sterner test on the Ashes tour of Australia. Although he made a century in the third Test at Sydney, he averaged just 31 for his 279 runs, England lost 3–0; when Australia arrived for the 1993 Ashes series, Atherton's place in the team was not assured. However, a consistent summer, during which he scored six 50s in six Tests, cemented his place in the side at a fortunate time. Graham Gooch, frustrated by continual losses against Australia, resigned as captain after the fourth Test and Atherton, aged just 25, replaced him, he lost his first match in charge but England managed to beat Australia in a morale-boosting final Test.
Atherton's first tour as captain, to the West Indies in the winter of 1993–94, was not a success as England lost 3–1. This was a series of highs and lows: Brian Lara of the West Indies compiled a world-record 375 against them at Antigua. For his part, Atherton was the best of the English batsmen, scoring 510 runs at an average of 56.67. Earning plaudits for his determination and leadership, Atherton followed up with two centuries in the first two Tests at home against New Zealand, his reputation suffered a blow when he was implicated in a ball-tampering controversy during the first Test against South Africa at Lord's, for which he was fined £2,000 by Ray Illingworth. Atherton was accused of lying to the match referee. Atherton claims in his autobiography that he answered'no' when asked if he had anything in his pockets, he believed that Burge was referring to nefarious substances such as lip salve. Nonetheless the TV pictures were damning, showing Atherton deliberately putting dirt, taken from the pitch, on the ball.
Speaking, Atherton was not breaking the laws – he pointed out that plenty of bowlers improve their grip on the ball by rubbing their hands on the pitch. After this incident