People of the Dominican Republic
Dominicans are a multi-ethnic people who originate from the Dominican Republic. Dominican was historically the demonym for the inhabitants of the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, the majority of Dominicans reside in the Dominican Republic, although there is a large Dominican diaspora, mainly in the United States. The population of the Dominican Republic in 2007 was estimated by the United Nations at 9,760,000, for most of its history the colony was known as Santo Domingo, the name of its present capital, and its patron saint, Saint Dominic. Hence the residents were called Dominicanos, which is the form of Domingo. It was often referred to as the Republic of San Domingo in English language 19th Century publications, another name thats been commonly used is Quisqueyanos. In the national anthem of the Dominican Republic the author uses the poetic term Quisqueyanos, the word Quisqueya is a derivative from a native tongue of the Taino Indians which means, Mother of all Lands. It is often used in songs as another name for the country, the genetic makeup of the Dominican Republics population is estimated to be 52.
15% European,39. 57% Black African, and 8. 28% Native American on average according to recent genealogical DNA testing. African input is higher in the plain, and generally in coastal areas. Most Dominicans fall within three major ethno-racial groups, the last census conducted in the country estimated the population as 73% mixed race, 16% White European, and 11% Black African. Other groups in the include the descendants of West Asians—mostly Lebanese. A smaller, yet significant presence of East Asians can be found throughout the population, some of the Sephardic Jews still presently reside in Sosúa while others are dispersed throughout the country. In the twentieth century, many Chinese, Japanese and to a lesser degree Koreans settled in the country, working as agricultural laborers, waves of Chinese immigrants, the latter ones fleeing the Chinese Communist Peoples Liberation Army and worked in mines and building railroads. The current Chinese Dominican population totals 50,000, the Arab community is rising at an increasing rate.
They worked on plantations and docks and settled mainly in the cities of San Pedro de Macorís and Puerto Plata. There is a number of Puerto Rican immigrants in and around Santo Domingo. Before and during World War II800 Jewish refugees moved to the Dominican Republic, there are an estimated 100 Jews left. Immigration from Europe and the United States is at an all-time high,82,000 Americans,40,000 Italians,1,900 French,1,400 Britons, and 800 Germans. The 2010 Census registered 311,969 Haitians,24,457 Americans,6,691 Spaniards,5,763 Puerto Ricans, and 5,132 Venezuelans
Dominican Liberation Party
The Dominican Liberation Party is the current governing political party in the Dominican Republic. Founded in 1973 by former president Juan Bosch, the party, the party has been elected into office four times now, with Danilo Medina as current President of the Dominican Republic, in the 1996,2004,2008 and 2012 elections, though losing in 2000. In May 2006 the party and its allies gained control of both houses of Congress. At the legislative elections,16 May 2002, the party won 29. 1% of the vote and 41 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the election of 16 May 2004, Leonel Fernández. Founded by Juan Bosch in 1973, the PLD originally was considerably to the left of Boschs original party, today the party is seen gravitating towards a more centrist platform and embraces many neoliberal policies away from its post-communist and neomarxist past. Bosch ran for president as the party’s candidate several times, and he did not run for another term in 2000, but returned to the presidency in 2004.
The partys logo is a yellow five-pointed star on a purple background, in the 16 May 2006 legislative elections, the party led the Progressive Bloc, that won 96 out of 178 deputies and 22 out of 32 senators. On May 16,2008, presidential elections were carried and PLD candidate Leonel Fernández won 54%, defeating 7 other presidential candidates. On May 16,2010, congressional and municipal elections held, Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Dominican Liberation Party official site
Social Christian Reformist Party
However, as is the case with most party politics in the Dominican Republic, the party remains pragmatically populist. Years this political party and the Partido Reformista together became Partido Refomista Social Cristiano, populism in the Dominican Republic means that candidates win by impressing poor people with promises and personal charisma. Individuals vote based on the likelihood that their position will be improved by the vote. Another important characteristic of politics in the Dominican Republic is the predominance of strong charismatic leaders in place of ideology, Balaguer assembled a machine that helped decide elections even after he was out of power and infirm. At the legislative elections,16 May 2002, the party won 24. 3% of the vote and 36 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the election of 16 May 2004, Eduardo Estrella. Following Balaguers death in 2002, the PRSC declined rapidly, the PRSC often had control of Congress.
After the mid-2000s the party has been relegated to being a partner of the PRD or PLD. For the Presidential Election of May 2008, the PRSC elected as their Candidate and he came in a distant third place with less than 5% of the vote. For the legislative elections of May 2010, the party formed with the Dominican Liberation Party a partial alliance in almost all provinces, for the 2012 elections, the PRSC remained in alliance with the PLD, and for the first time did not run its own presidential candidate. Joaquín Balaguer Federico Antún Batlle Carlos Morales Troncoso Official web site
Santo Domingo, officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population. In 2010, its population was counted as 965,040, the city is coterminous with the boundaries of the Distrito Nacional, itself bordered on three sides by Santo Domingo Province. Santo Domingo is the site of the first university, castle, the citys Colonial Zone was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Santo Domingo was called Ciudad Trujillo, from 1936 to 1961, after the Dominican Republics dictator, Rafael Trujillo, following his assassination, the city resumed its original designation. Santo Domingo is the cultural, political and industrial center of the Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo serves as the chief seaport of the country. The citys harbor at the mouth of the Ozama River accommodates the largest vessels, temperatures are high year round, with a cool breeze around winter time. At the time, the territory consisted of five chiefdoms, Marién, Maguá, Jaragua.
These were ruled respectively by caciques Guacanagarix, Caonabo, Bohechío, dating from 1496, when the Spanish settled on the island, and officially from 5 August 1498, Santo Domingo became the oldest European city in the Americas. Bartholomew Columbus founded the settlement and named it La Nueva Isabela, in 1495 it was renamed Santo Domingo, in honor of Saint Dominic. Santo Domingo came to be known as the Gateway to the Caribbean, in June 1502, Santo Domingo was destroyed by a major hurricane, and the new Governor Nicolás de Ovando had it rebuilt on a different site on the other side of the Ozama River. The original layout of the city and a portion of its defensive wall can still be appreciated today throughout the Colonial Zone. Diego Colon arrived in 1509, assuming the powers of Viceroy, in 1512, Ferdinand established a Real Audiencia with Juan Ortiz de Matienzo, Marcelo de Villalobos, and Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon appointed as judges of appeal. In 1514, Pedro Ibanez de Ibarra arrived with the Laws of Burgos, rodrigo de Alburquerque was named repartidor de indios and soon named visitadores to enforce the laws.
In 1586, Francis Drake captured the city and held it for ransom, an expedition sent by Oliver Cromwell in 1655 attacked the city of Santo Domingo, but was defeated. The English troops withdrew and took the less guarded colony of Jamaica, in 1697, the Treaty of Ryswick included the acknowledgement by Spain of Frances dominion over the Western third of the island, now Haiti. From 1795 to 1822 the city changed several times along with the colony it headed. The city was ceded to France in 1795 after years of struggles, it was captured by Haitian rebels in 1801, recovered by France in 1802. In 1821 Santo Domingo became the capital of an independent nation after the Criollo bourgeois within the country, led by José Núñez de Cáceres, the nation was unified with Haiti just two months later
The Distrito Nacional is a subdivision of the Dominican Republic enclosing the capital Santo Domingo. It is not in any of the provinces, but in practice, before October 16,2001, the Distrito Nacional was much larger, including what is now known as Santo Domingo Province. Published statistics and maps show the former, Distrito Nacional. The Distrito Nacional has no rural or undeveloped areas, the Poligono Central is the central area of Santo Domingo. Upscale neighborhoods of Naco and Paraiso are located within this central poligon, Most of the financial activity in Santo Domingo is located in the Poligono. The Distrito Nacional houses the central executive branch Presidential Office, the national congressional building. It houses all the public offices main buildings, called Ministerios. For the main article, please select Ciudad Colonial, the Ciudad Colonial is the oldest continually occupied European settlement in the Western hemisphere, established by Bartholomew Columbus and the Spanish explorers in the New World.
It has several landmarks and is declared as World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. There are various activities available inside the Distrito Nacional. Upscale nightclubs, hotels, restaurants with bars are widely available. Discothèque DJs and live performances both local sounds and dance music Most nightclubs alternate between the two main genres, some other clubs stick almost exclusively to either one. Several chain restaurants are available serving dinner up to midnight, Most restaurants within hotels dont close at all, and the majority of casinos serve complimentary snacks all night. Most restaurants are specialized on the cuisines, Italian, Steakhouse, Spanish, Chinese. There are several cinemas that play movies in English and are on par with worldwide premiers. Jazz music outlets, live theater, live concerts and sports events are available throghtout the whole week, Distrito Nacional has several urban parks, the largest one, Parque Mirador Sur, overlooking the Caribbean Sea from a high cliff from the Avenida Mirador Sur.
It has several miles of open road designed for picnic and cycling, roller skating and even Kendo are regularly practiced in areas of the park. Other places in the include, Plaza de la Cultura Juan Pablo Duarte - which houses several national museums and is host of the International Book Fair