David Edward Flint is an Australian legal academic, known for his leadership of Australians for Constitutional Monarchy and for his tenure as head of the Australian Broadcasting Authority. David Flint grew up in the Sydney suburb of Waverley, his mother was Indonesian. She enjoyed music and dancing, David took her out dancing every week until she died at age 90; this was always disapproved of by his father, a public servant, champion amateur boxer, member of a puritanical religious organisation. Flint studied at Sydney Boys High School before studying law and international relations at the Universities of London and Sydney, leading to a career in the law and academia, he states that he was "a socialist in his student days". Admitted as a lawyer in New South Wales and England and Wales, he practised for a number of years, lecturing in several university business and law schools; this included a wide range of subjects including business, antitrust, comparative and international law. He has written in various journals and in the press in English and occasionally in French on topics such as the media, international economic law, European Union law, Australia's constitution, Australia's 1999 constitutional referendum and on direct democracy.
His views are sought by the Australian and international media. In 1975 he joined the Australian Labor Party in indignation over the dismissal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, he was asked to act as head of the University of Technology Sydney Faculty of Business for one year in 1977. At UTS in the 1980s, he was elected and re-elected president of the union staff association and was a delegate to the NSW Labor Council. In 1987 he was appointed the UTS Dean of Law in 1987 and reappointed twice, holding office until 1997, he was elected four times by law deans as Convener of the Committee of Australian Law Deans, holding office from 1990 to 1993. In 1990 he was appointed by the federal government as a member of the International Legal Services Council, a position he held for six years. In 1989, after an assessment by a committee including a former chief justice and a professor of international law in three Australian universities, he was awarded a chair in law at UTS, he has held professorial positions in other universities, is now an emeritus professor of law.
During his term as Dean, he introduced a full-time law degree and a series of joint programmes with other disciplines including computing and science. He proposed significant changes to Australian university and to Australian legal education, including: for the first time in an Australian public university, twelve months teaching through Summer and Winter programmes. B – “one-stop” legal education, he has been Second Vice-President and National President for Australia of the World Jurist Association and was president of the Federation of Australian Branches of the English Speaking Union and was for long a board member and former editor of the Australian Branch of the International Law Association. Flint was appointed head of the Australian Press Council in 1987 in succession to the Hal Wootten. All previous chairmen were former senior judges; as deputy chairman and chairman of the Council's Freedom of the Press Committee, Flint was seen as bringing the Council back from the brink after it divided over how to react to the takeover of Herald and Weekly Times by News Limited and Wootten resigned.
Flint held office until 1997, streamlining the complaints process and enhancing the Council's role in defending freedom of the press, including filing and appearing on an amicae curiae brief to the High Court. He was successful in promoting the Council in the media and to the public, all within a tight budget, he requested that the usual honorarium be used for media research and other Council related purposes. From 1992 to 1996 he was Chairman of the Executive Council of the World Association of Press Councils. In 1998, he was invited by the Howard Liberal National Government to chair the Australian Broadcasting Authority, although the only political party he had belonged to was the Labor Party, where he had been a branch president. By 2004 he had become a member of the Liberal Party, he resigned from the ABA in 2004, after a controversy over a letter which he had sent to broadcaster Alan Jones soon after his appointment and well before the leadup to his heading the ABA's cash for comment inquiry into commercial broadcasting.
The letter mentioned an international affairs seminar where Paul Kelly had stressed the influence of Alan Jones' radio programme. When a controversy arose about the direct sponsorship of commercial radio presenters, Flint announced to the media that he would ask the ABA board to set up a public inquiry, agreed unanimously; as chairman of the ABA, Flint was chairman of the inquiry. In an appearance years on the ABC's Enough Rope television program, John Laws claimed his broadcasting competitor Alan Jones of placing pressure on the Prime Minister, John Howard, to keep Flint as head of the ABA. Laws stated he had heard Jones say that he had "instructed" the Prime Minister to reappoint Flint in 2001. Flint insists that his resignation was "not an admission of guilt". and asse
The Friends of Waldorf Education, referred to as the “Friends” below, is a charity association founded in 1971 registered in Stuttgart, Germany. The association fosters initiatives all over the world for a free education and organisations that work on the basis of Waldorf education; as umbrella organisation for the German government-sponsored Voluntary Services, the association places 1000 volunteers per year both inside Germany and internationally. The branch “Crisis or Emergency Education” of the Friends of Waldorf Education carries out international War and Catastrophe assistance for traumatised children and young people since 2006. In 1969, Waldorf education celebrated the 50th anniversary of its establishment and was expanding throughout the world. In order to bring together a group of people who would support the growing school movement both ideally and financially, Ernst Weissert founded the Friends of Waldorf Education on 10 October 1971. Ernst Weissert himself did not stand for membership of the Executive, leaving this task to his closest assistant and second member, Dr. Manfred Leist.
Other members of the Executive were Günter Ziegenbein, Armin Scholter, the administrator of the same school. This guaranteed a secure existence for the association. Many former students of the Waldorf school, Uhlandshöhe became members and have, to a great extent, remained so until today. Both Ernst Weissert and Manfred Leist had, other pressing tasks in building up the German school's movement and within the leadership of the Bund der Freien Waldorfschulen, so that there was little time left over for this association. In 1976, certain former Waldorf students had the idea of founding a Worldwide School's association. Ernst Weissert took up this intention and offered them the Association Friends of Waldorf Education as a legal entity. Andreas Büttner, Nana Göbel and Justus Wittich were elected onto the executive in November 1978, Günther Ziegenbein and Armin Scholter withdrew; the association was renamed “Freunde der Erziehungskunst Rudolf Steiners”. Under the guidance of the new executive, the international support and networking activity was built up, amongst others with the newly founded International Aid Fund.
In 1994 the Friends were invited by UNESCO to attend the International Education Conference in Geneva in order to present Waldorf Education before an international public. This co-work with UNESCO continued and in May 2001 the Friends of Waldorf Education established official relations with UNESCO. Today the association employs about 90 co-workers and has two branches, one in Berlin and another in Karlsruhe In the executive of the association are Nana Göbel, Bernd Ruf, Henning Kullak-Ublick and Andreas Schubert; the work of the Friends consists of different areas of activity, all of which stand in relation to and serve Waldorf education. The Friends support Waldorf schools, Waldorf kindergartens, anthroposophical Special education organisations throughout the world through donations but through counselling, mentoring etc; the association has no capital of its own, is thus not a foundation, but receives donations and legacies from many different individual donors, from Waldorf schools and other institutions and from foundations connected with it.
These it uses in accordance with the wishes of the donors, for is important for the Friends that the donors themselves decide who or what they wish to support. 95% of all donations received by the Friends are for a specific pre-defined purpose. The donors support institutions to which they themselves have a relationship, because of a report they have read or some other personal reason. In order to support essential larger investments, the Friends work together with foundations and other aid funds, as well as with the BMZ. Since 1993 the Friends have organised international voluntary services. Volunteers work in Waldorf educational or anthroposophically oriented institutions, schools, nursery schools and social projects. A year of social service abroad can be arranged with the Friends through the following state funded programmes: Internationaler Jugendfreiwilligendienst Entwicklungspolitischer Freiwilligendienst Anderer Dienst im Ausland The Friends are certified for this international social service work with the Quifd Quality Seal Quifd-Gütesiegel.
From 2011, the association offers voluntary services within Germany itself. Bundesfreiwilligendienst Freiwilliges Soziales Jahr In 2006 the Friends were authorised to offer a year of social service to international volunteers in Germany; this “incoming” programme has been incorporated into the State Voluntary Services since 2011. At the end of the 1990s the organisation of educational godparents was taken up as a new area of engagement in order to enable individual children in countries where Waldorf schools receive no state funding, having therefore to rely on fee income, to attend a Waldorf school. Godparents constitute a quite individual form of assistance. Waldorf schools have from the beginning been dedicated and open to all human beings and classes of society, it should not depend on the economic situation of the parents whether a child is able to attend a Waldorf school or not. In this manner the godparents support the individual child and the whole school community, thus far the association has organised around 700 godparents.
These support the equivalent number of children at over 50 schools with amounts ranging between 25 and 200 Euros per mo
Raymond James Vonesh was an American Bishop of the Catholic Church. He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Joliet in Illinois from 1968-1991. Born in Cicero, Raymond Vonesh was educated at St. Leonard School, St. Philip High School in Chicago, Quigley Preparatory Seminary, St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, he was ordained a priest for the Archdiocese of Chicago by Archbishop Samuel Stritch on May 3, 1941. After ordination, Vonesh served at Sacred Heart Church in Chicago until 1946 when he was assigned to Holy Name Cathedral, he studied canon law at the Gregorian University in Rome from 1947 to 1949. Vonesh became the judge for the Archdiocesan Tribunal upon his return to Chicago, he was assigned as the procurator at St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in 1956. Bishop Romeo Blanchette of the Joliet diocese requested of Archbishop John Cody of Chicago a priest experienced in canon law to assist him at the Joliet chancery. Vonesh was named vicar general. On January 5, 1968 Pope Paul VI appointed Vonesh as the Titular Bishop of Vanariona and Auxiliary Bishop of Joliet in Illinois.
He was consecrated by John Cardinal Cody of Chicago on April 3, 1968. The principal co-consecrators were Bishops Romeo Blanchette of Joliet and Cletus F. O'Donnell of Madison, he continued to serve as an auxiliary bishop until his resignation was accepted by Pope John Paul II on May 7, 1991. During those years he served as pastor of St. Patrick`s Parish in Joliet and vicar for Hispanics and vicar for permanent deacons, he moved to Holy Cross rectory in Joliet and became temporary administrator of St. Walter`s Parish in Roselle from 1981-1982, he became chaplain for the Franciscan Sisters of the Sacred Heart in Mokena in June 1988. Vonesh died at the age of 75 on August 16, 1991, his funeral was held in the Cathedral of St. Raymond Nonnatus on August 21, 1991
The history of the Khitans dates back to the 4th century. The Khitan people dominated much of Mongolia and modern Manchuria by the 10th century, under the Liao dynasty, collapsed by 1125. From Xianbei origins they were part of the Kumo Xi tribe until 388 when the Kumo Xi-Khitan tribal grouping was defeated by the newly established Northern Wei; this allowed the Khitan to organize and consolidate their own tribe and entity which led to the beginning of Khitan written history. From the 5th to the 8th centuries the Khitan were dominated by the steppe powers to their West the Turks and the Uyghurs; the Chinese came from the south. In some cases they were under Korean domination according to the balance of power at any given time. Under this triple domination the Khitan started to show growing independence, their rise was slow compared to others because they were crushed by neighbouring powers—each using the Khitan warriors when needed but ready to crush them when the Khitans became too powerful. Enjoying the departure of the Uyghur people for the West and the collapse of the Tang dynasty in the early 10th century they established the Liao dynasty in 907.
The Liao dynasty proved to be a significant power north of the Chinese plain as they were continuously moving south and West and gaining control over former Chinese and Turk-Uyghur's territories. They fell to the Jin dynasty of the Jurchen in 1125, who subordinated and absorbed the Khitans to their military benefit. Following the fall of the Liao Dynasty many Khitans moved further west and established the state of Qara Khitai, their name survived in the Russian word for China as well as the archaic English Portuguese and the Spanish appellations of the name. They have been classified by Chinese historians as one of the Eastern proto-Mongolic ethnic groups – the Donghu. References to the Khitan people in Chinese sources date back to the 4th century. Ancestors of the Khitan were the Yuwen clan of the Xianbei. After their regime was conquered by the Murong clan the remnants scattered in the modern-day Inner Mongolia and mixed there with the original Mongolic population, they had been identified as a distinct ethnic group since paying tribute to the Northern Wei dynasty in the mid-6th century.
During the time of the Chinese Tang dynasty the Khitan people were vassals to the suzerain Tang or Turks, depending on the balance of power between the two, or the suzerain Uyghurs when they replaced the Turks as the main steppe power. Once the Uyghurs left their home in the Mongolian Plateau in 842 enough of a power vacuum was left to give the Khitan the opportunity to cast off the bonds of subordinacy; the Khitan occupied. In the 5th century, the Khitan were under the Toba Wei influence. In the 6th century, the Khitan tribes were still a weak confederation after being defeated in 553 by the Northern Qi who enslaved many Khitans and seized a large part of their livestock, leading to harsh times for the Khitans. By that time the Khitan are still described as the lower level of nomadic civilization, their'confederation' still being an anarchist system of isolated tribes, each tending his own sheep and horses and hunting on his private territory; some federal leaders were created after elections during a time of war after which it became a local power.
When the Sui dynasty was established in 581 when the Khitan were living in a period of internal military turmoil. Their tribes were fighting each other as a result of Sui Wendi strategy to increase tensions between nomads in order to create internal divisions. In 586 some Khitans tribes submitted to the Eastern Tujue. Notable Khitan raids on the Chinese Empire were record as early as the 7th century. In 605 they staged, they were crushed by a Sui general leading 20,000 Turkish cavalry. Under Emperor Taizong of Tang the Khitans became vassals of Tang dynasty. Despite some occasional clashes, the Khitans remained Chinese vassals until the 690s when Empress Wu took the throne of China. According to the "Loose rein policy", the Khitan area was under Tang's control by Zhao Wenhui, the Governor-general of Yingzhou. Zhao was assisted by two local Khitan chieftains: Li Jinzhong,the governor of Songmo protectorate, Duke of Yongle County, Sun Wanrong, the brother-in-law of Li Jinzhong. Opposition rose because of the behaviour of Zhao Wenhui, who treated Khitan chieftains as his servants and refused to provide help during a famine that struck the Khitan area in 696.
According to the "loose rein policy" the Tang Governor-general was supposed to provide famine relief. When Zhao Wenhui failed to do so, Li and Sun launched a Khitan rebellion in the fifth month of 696. Li Jinzhong killed Zhao Wenhui after capturing Yingzhou. Sun Wanrong assisted him as general who led tens of thousands of troops marching southward and conquered several other towns of Tang dynasty; the first significant Chinese response was to send an army led by twenty-eight generals, but they were defeated by Khitans in the Battle of Xiashi Gorge in the eighth month of 696. Empress Wu was astonished by the announcement of the defeat and she issued decrees to launch a new attack to the rebels. Khitans kept winning on the battlefields until Li Jin
Herman Potočnik was a Slovene rocket engineer and pioneer of astronautics. He is chiefly remembered for his work addressing the long-term human habitation of space. Potočnik was born in the port of Pula, Istria part of the Austria-Hungarian monarchy, his family was originated from Lower Styria in Austria-Hungary. Both of Potočnik's parents were Slovene, his father Jožef was born in 1841 in Zgornji Razbor near Slovenj Gradec and at the time of Herman's birth he served as a doctor and high navy officer in the Austro-Hungarian Navy harbour of Pula. His mother Minka was born February 7, 1854. In 1866, Herman's father Jožef participated in the second Battle of Vis, where the Austrian Navy under command of von Tegetthoff defeated the Royal Italian Navy. Jožef was a general in the Austro-Hungarian Army; when Herman's father died in 1894, his mother moved the family to Maribor. Herman had two brothers and Gustav, a sister Frančiška, he spent most of his childhood years in Maribor and, according to oral sources, in Vitanje.
The meaning of his German-like pseudonym Noordung is still a mystery, but some suggest that he used it to show the problems of chaos. Assuming that the initial "N" may have been intended to stand as a negation, the name would mean "without order" or "no order". In Maribor, Potočnik attended primary school. Afterward he went to the military secondary schools in Hranice in Moravia, his uncle Heinrich was a major-general in the army, enabled his study at Austrian military schools. From 1910 to 1913 he studied at the technical military academy in Mödling in Lower Austria near Vienna and graduated as an engineers second lieutenant, his specialization was building of bridges. During the First World War he served in Galicia and Bosnia and in 1915 he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant, he was assigned to the southwestern front of the Soča battlefield and there he experienced a breakthrough of the Austrian army to the river Piava and its retreat. In 1919 he was pensioned off from the Austrian military with the rank of captain because of tuberculosis that he contracted during the war.
He started to study electrical engineering in the mechanical engineering department of the University of Technology in Vienna and was awarded a doctorate in engineering. From 1925 onward, he devoted himself to the problems of rocket science and space technology. Owing to chronic illness, he did not find a job or marry, but lived with his brother Adolf in Vienna, Austria. At the end of 1928, he published his sole book, Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums - der Raketen-Motor in Berlin; the publisher, Richard Carl Schmidt, printed the year 1929 as a publishing date from a purely business motive and this date is mistakenly given as the actual date of publication. In 188 pages and 100 handmade illustrations, Potočnik set out a plan for a breakthrough into space and the establishment of a permanent human presence there, he conceived a detailed design for a space station, regarded by Russian and American historians of spaceflight to be the first architecture in space. He described the use of orbiting spacecraft for detailed observation of the ground for peaceful and military purposes, described how the special conditions of space could be useful for scientific experiments.
Potočnik expressed strong doubts of the destructive military use of these fresh discoveries. The book was translated into Russian in early 1935, Slovene in 1986, English in 1999 and Croatian in 2004. A partial translation to English, containing most of the essential chapters, was made as early as 1929 for the American magazine Science Wonder Stories and was issued in three parts and credited to "Captain Hermann Noordung, A. D. M. E. Berlin." The article was published in Science Wonder Stories' sister publication Air Wonder Stories at the same time. With his many ideas he became one of the founders of astronautics, his concepts were first taken only by the amateur rocketry movement in Germany, the Verein für Raumschiffahrt, centered on Hermann Oberth and his co-workers. In its Russian edition, the book may have influenced Sergey Korolev's circle. More locally, Viennese engineers dismissed his work as fantasy. Potočnik's book described geostationary satellites and discussed communication between them and the ground using radio, but fell short of the idea of using satellites for mass broadcasting and as telecommunications relays.
The wheel-shaped space station served as an inspiration for further development by Wernher von Braun in 1952. Von Braun saw orbiting space stations as a stepping stone to travel to other planets. In 1968, Stanley Kubrick's ground-breaking film, 2001: A Space Odyssey, depicted such a role for "Space Station V". Potočnik died of pneumonia at the age of 36 in great poverty in Vienna and was buried there. An obituary notice about his death was printed in one Maribor daily newspaper, mentioning his ranks (engin
Tayfun Talipoğlu Typewriter Museum, or shortly Typewriter Museum, is a technology museum in Odunpazarı, Eskişehir, Turkey exhibiting typewriters. The Typewriter Museum is the first one of its kind in Turkey. Owned and operated by Odunpazarı Municipality, the museum is situated in the historic Şamlıoğlu Mansion. Inaugurated on May 15, 2016, it is named for the journalist and television producer Tayfun Talipoğlu, who donated a number of typewriters he used. A wax sculpture of him is in the museum. There is a wax sculpture of the former prime minister Bülent Ecevit typing on his typewriter, who worked for Turkey's press attaché in London, England. More than fifty typewriters of various makes and models are on display, including products of manufacturers lile Olivetti, Remington Rand, Brother Industries and Facit; the museum is open every day from 10:00 to 17:00 hours local time, but Mondays