Home (Procol Harum album)
Home is Procol Harum's fourth album, released in 1970. With the departure of organist Matthew Fisher and bassist David Knights and the addition of the remaining musicians' former bandmate bassist/organist Chris Copping from The Paramounts, Procol Harum was, for all intents and purposes, The Paramounts again in all but name; the purpose of bringing in Copping was to return some of the R&B sound to the band that they had with their previous incarnation. The initial sessions were performed in London at Trident Studios under the supervision of former organist Matthew Fisher who had produced the band's previous album. Unhappy with the sound and performances, the band scrapped the Trident sessions and began again with producer Chris Thomas and engineer Jeff Jarratt at Abbey Road Studios. Once the album was completed it was decided that the cover would be a parody of the British board game Snakes and Ladders featuring members of the band; when the album was released in June 1970 it charted at No. 34 in the United States and No. 49 in the United Kingdom, making the Danish Top 10 peaking at #6.
The album was preceded by the single "Whiskey Train" written by guitarist Robin Trower with lyricist Keith Reid. All songs written by Gary Brooker and Keith Reid except where noted In 2009 Salvo reissued the Procol Harum catalogue and included bonus tracks for each album. "Home" included two bonus tracks selected and approved by Gary Brooker and Keith Reid "Whaling Stories" and "Still There'll Be More". The two bonus tracks were work-in-progress mixes that didn't have the final overdubs from the final versions. Gary Brooker – piano, vocals Robin Trower – guitar Chris Copping – bass, organ B. J. Wilson – drums Keith Reid – lyricsTechnicalJeff Jarratt - recording engineer Helmut Hastenteufel - sleeve design ProcolHarum.com – ProcolHarum.com's page on this album
Dee Murray was an English bass guitarist, best known as a member of Elton John's band. Murray was born in Gillingham, England on 3 April 1946. Before joining Elton John as his touring sidemen and drummer Nigel Olsson were members of the Spencer Davis Group in 1969. In Murray's musician bio in the programme book for 1982's "Jump Up!" tour, Murray recalled when he first took up the bass guitar during his high school years: "Someone put this heavy thing over my shoulder and said,'Here, you play this!'" Murray established a solid reputation on the instrument. In the Classic Albums documentary on Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, producer Gus Dudgeon lauded Murray's musical ability, said he hadn't heard a bassist quite as good as him. Murray and Olsson joined John as his road sidemen in 1970, first appeared together on disc with John on "Amoreena" from the 1970 studio album Tumbleweed Connection; the following year, they were featured on the live album 17-11-70. While they were John's constant touring bandmates, his record company only allowed them to play on just one track per studio album.
This changed with Honky Château in 1972 when John exerted some of his skyrocketing popularity at the time to convince DJM to allow Murray and Olsson to become full-time recording members of his band. Along with fellow new recruit Davey Johnstone on guitars, mandolin, fretted string instruments and backing vocals and Olsson played on John's hit albums, including the milestone album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road and world tours for several years. In 1975, after recording Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy and Olsson were released from the band because John wanted to achieve a different sound, he said at the time ``. I want it to chug". Murray and Olsson continued working together as session musicians in Los Angeles and they played on Rick Springfield's first United States album, Wait for Night. In 1977, Murray joined Procol Harum on a North America tour promoting their last 1970s album, Something Magic, although he never recorded with the group. Between 1978 and 1979, Murray worked as part of Alice Cooper's backing band.
According to music site AllMusic.com, he played on Cooper's hit album From the Inside, joined Olsson backing The Grateful Dead's Bob Weir on his solo album "Heaven Help the Fool" in 1978. Other artists he worked with during the 1970s and early 1980s include Yvonne Elliman, Shaun Cassidy, Allan Clarke, Bernie Taupin, Kiki Dee, Stefanie Gaines, Barbi Benton and Jimmy Webb. Murray and Olsson returned to tour and play sessions with John, starting with 21 at 33 in 1980, he and Olsson backed John during his landmark concert in New York City's Central Park before more than 400,000 fans on the Great Lawn on 13 September 1980, appeared on The Fox in 1981. Murray went on to contribute all the bass tracks on Jump Up! in 1982, joined Olsson and guitarist Davey Johnstone for the Jump Up! Tour, followed by albums and tours for Too Low for Zero and Breaking Hearts; the group disbanded, reuniting once more to record backing vocals on Reg Strikes Back in 1988. In the 1980s, Murray played on numerous Nashville sessions for artists such as Michael Brown, Lewis Storey, Beth Nielsen Chapman and John Prine, amongst others.
Battling skin cancer for a number of years, Murray died in 1992 at the age of 45, in Nashville, after suffering a stroke. According to Murray's obituary, that March, John performed two tribute concerts at the Grand Ole Opry to raise money to support Murray's family. Olsson, upon again becoming a full-time band member with John in 2004 to record Peachtree Road, reflected upon the absence of his longtime bandmate: "We will never again create anything as wonderful–as inspirational–without Dee’s presence". Davey Johnstone believes Murray's musical skills were not appreciated, in March 2011, said he was working on a documentary about the bass player. Fan website Dee Murray discography at Discogs
Exotic Birds and Fruit
Exotic Birds and Fruit is the seventh full-length studio album by British progressive rock band Procol Harum. It was released in 1974. Of special note is the release of the album in Argentina, calling the album "Pájaros Y Frutas Exóticas"; the cover artwork for the album is by Jakob Bogdani, a noted Slovak artist whose paintings centred on exotic birds and fruit. Collaborating again with producer Chris Thomas, Procol Harum the band recorded the album at George Martin's Air London Studios in London. According to singer/songwriter/piano player and band leader Gary Brooker the album was recorded in reaction to the two preceding albums which used extensive orchestration. Brooker stated "We made the live album with an orchestra. We'd taken the orchestra into the studio for'Grand Hotel'...we'd had enough of orchestras". This back to basics approach worked well given that there were regular power cuts during the power struggle between Edward Heath's government and the UK unions; the band used an emergency generator during the blackouts which forced three-day working weeks during the so-called "winter of discontent" of 1973–74.
The album features the song "Butterfly Boys" written about the founders of the band's record label at the time Chrysalis. The band expressed that frustration in song. "Exotic Birds and Fruit" met with a good critical reception but only rose to No. 86 on the Billboard album charts. In Denmark, it peaked at #9 upon release, nearly a year in early 1975 it re-entered the Top 20 peaking at #19; the album was preceded by the single release of the opening track "Nothing But the Truth" back with the single only B-side track "Drunk Again". In 2009 Salvo reissued Procol Harum's entire discography on CD remastered by Nick Robbins; the reissue for "Exotic Birds and Fruits" included two bonus tracks selected by Brooker and Keith Reid. "Drunk Again" the B-side to the single "Nothing But the Truth" appeared on CD along with an alternate mix of "As Strong as Samson". All music by Gary Brooker, all lyrics by Keith Reid. Gary Brooker – vocals, piano Mick Grabham – guitar BJ Cole – pedal steel guitar Chris Copping – organ Alan Cartwright – bass guitar B. J. Wilson – drums Produced By Chris Thomas Engineer: John Punter ProcolHarum.com – ProcolHarum.com's page on this album
The bass guitar is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, four to six strings or courses. The four-string bass is tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar, it is played with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick. The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker to be loud enough to compete with other instruments. Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section. While types of basslines vary from one style of music to another, the bassist plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, it is a soloing instrument. According to the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, an "Electric bass guitar a Guitar with four heavy strings tuned E1'-A1'-D2-G2."
It defines bass as "Bass. A contraction of Double bass or Electric bass guitar." According to some authors the proper term is "electric bass". Common names for the instrument are "bass guitar", "electric bass guitar", "electric bass" and some authors claim that they are accurate; the bass guitar is a transposing instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds. In the 1930s, musician and inventor Paul Tutmarc of Seattle, developed the first electric bass guitar in its modern form, a fretted instrument designed to be played horizontally; the 1935 sales catalog for Tutmarc's electronic musical instrument company, featured his "Model 736 Bass Fiddle", a four-stringed, solid-bodied, fretted electric bass guitar with a 30 1⁄2-inch scale length, a single pick up. The adoption of a guitar's body shape made the instrument easier to hold and transport than any of the existing stringed bass instruments; the addition of frets enabled bassists to play in tune more than on fretless acoustic or electric upright basses.
Around 100 of these instruments were made during this period. Audiovox sold their “Model 236” bass amplifier. Around 1947, Tutmarc's son, began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, prominently advertised in the nationally distributed L. D. Heater Music Company wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948. However, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success. In the 1950s, Leo Fender and George Fullerton developed the first mass-produced electric bass guitar; the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company began producing the Precision Bass in October 1951. The "P-bass" evolved from a simple, un-contoured "slab" body design and a single coil pickup similar to that of a Telecaster, to something more like a Fender Stratocaster, with a contoured body design, edges beveled for comfort, a split single coil pickup; the "Fender Bass" was a revolutionary new instrument for gigging musicians. In comparison with the large, heavy upright bass, the main bass instrument in popular music from the early 1900s to the 1940s, the bass guitar could be transported to shows.
When amplified, the bass guitar was less prone than acoustic basses to unwanted audio feedback. In 1953 Monk Montgomery became the first bassist to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in Lionel Hampton's postwar big band. Montgomery was possibly the first to record with the bass guitar, on July 2, 1953 with The Art Farmer Septet. Roy Johnson, Shifty Henry, were other early Fender bass pioneers. Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from upright bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957; the bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye, Joe Osborn, Paul McCartney were guitarists. In 1953, following Fender's lead, Gibson released the first short-scale violin-shaped electric bass, with an extendable end pin so a bassist could play it upright or horizontally. Gibson renamed the bass the EB-1 in 1958. In 1958, Gibson released the maple arched-top EB-2 described in the Gibson catalogue as a "hollow-body electric bass that features a Bass/Baritone pushbutton for two different tonal characteristics".
In 1959 these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass. The EB-0 was similar to a Gibson SG in appearance. Whereas Fender basses had pickups mounted in positions in between the base of the neck and the top of the bridge, many of Gibson's early basses featured one humbucking pickup mounted directly against the neck pocket; the EB-3, introduced in 1961 had a "mini-humbucker" at the bridge position. Gibson basses tended to be smaller, sleeker instruments with a shorter scale length than the Precision. A number of other companies began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958. 1956 saw the appearance at the German trade fair "Musikmesse Frankfurt" of the distinctive Höfner 500/1 violin-shaped bass made using violin construction techniques by Walter Höfner, a second-generation violin luthier. The design was known popularly as the "Beat
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Peter Ronald Brown is an English performance poet and singer best known for his collaborations with Cream and Jack Bruce. Brown formed the bands Pete Brown & His Battered Ornaments and Pete Brown & Piblokto! and worked with Graham Bond and Phil Ryan. He writes film scripts and formed a film production company. Brown was born in Surrey. Before his involvement with music, he was a poet, having his first poem published in the U. S. magazine Evergreen Review when he was 14. He became part of the poetry scene in Liverpool during the 1960s and in 1964 was the first poet to perform at Morden Tower in Newcastle, he formed The First Real Poetry Band with John McLaughlin, Binky McKenzie, Laurie Allan and Pete Bailey. The First Real Poetry Band brought Brown to the attention of Cream, he was seen as a writing partner for drummer Ginger Baker, but the group discovered that he worked better with bassist Jack Bruce. Of the situation, Bruce remarked "Ginger and Pete were at my flat trying to work on a song but it wasn't happening.
My wife Janet got with Ginger and they wrote'Sweet Wine' while I started working with Pete."Together and Bruce wrote many of Cream's songs, including the hits "I Feel Free", "White Room" and "SWLABR" and "Sunshine of Your Love". After the break-up of Cream and Brown continued to write songs together. Brown wrote the lyrics for most of Bruce's solo albums. Brown formed Pete Brown and His Battered Ornaments in 1968, in 1969 the band recorded two albums. Brown suffered the ignominy of being thrown out of his own band, the day before they were due to support the Rolling Stones at Hyde Park, his vocals were removed from Mantlepiece and re-recorded by Chris Spedding, the band was renamed The Battered Ornaments.'Piblokto!' was formed after Brown's dismissal from the Battered Ornaments, was active between 1969 and 1971. The original Piblokto! members were. Most of their releases were for Harvest Records. Allen was replaced by their drummer Rob Tait, they released their first single "Living Life Backwards" / "High Flying Electric Bird", followed by the album Things May Come and Things May Go but the Art School Dance Goes on Forever.
Bunn was replaced by Steve Glover for their second single, "Can't Get Off The Planet" / "Broken Magic" and the LP, Thousands on a Raft. Mullen and Tait left, so Brown and Glover were joined by Phil Ryan on keyboards, John'Pugwash' Weathers on drums and Brian Breeze on guitar; this line-up only recorded one single, "Flying Hero Sandwich"/"My Last Band". Weathers and Breeze both departed, to be replaced by guitarist Taff Williams and drummer Ed Spevock, before disbanding in Autumn 1971. Pete Brown went on to work with Graham Bond. Both albums, all three singles and several bonus tracks were reissued on a double album CD BGOCD522 in 2001; the band's name was taken from the Inuit word for "Arctic Hysteria", with symptoms including hysteria and echolalia. After Piblokto!, Brown started to work with Graham Bond, with input from Jack Bruce and Bond's wife, Diane Stewart. In 1972 they recorded one album, Two Heads Are Better Than One, a single, "Lost Tribe", much of the soundtrack to the film Maltamour before Bond left to form Magus in 1973.
Brown formed Brown and Friends, Flying Tigers but neither group got beyond producing demos. He recorded an album of his early poems, The Not Forgotten Association, in 1973 before recording with members of Back to the Front, including an album, Party in The Rain, recorded in 1976, but not released until 1982. On the rise of punk, he wrote film scripts, he wrote a film score for a BBC TV film, with Phil Ryan, in a late Piblokto! line-up. They collaborated for 12 years, Brown formed his own label Interoceter, which issued two Pete Brown/Phil Ryan albums: Ardours of the Lost Rake and Coals to Jerusalem, they began touring in 1993, a compilation of the two albums was issued on CD as The Land That Cream Forgot. In the 1990s Brown appeared with The Interoceters, performing his earlier material. A new Brown/Ryan album Road of Cobras, including Maggie Bell, Arthur Brown, Mick Taylor and Jim Mullen, was released in 2010. In 2004 he formed a film production company, with Mark A. J. Waters and Miran Hawke.
In 2010 he published Imaginary Westerns. A film with the same title is in production by Brown Waters. Pete Brown partnered with Gary Brooker writing lyrics for songs in Procol Harum's 2017 album Novum. "Pete the Poet", a track on guitarist John McLaughlin's debut album Extrapolation, is named after him. "Get", a song by Blurt about him and his model aeroplane collection. "Student Susan", a track on Japanese guitarist Saiichi Sugiyama's album So Am I, which Brown wrote with Sugiyama, is named after the former girlfriend of Stuart Sutcliffe of the Beatles whom Brown went out with in the Liverpool poetry scene in the early 1960s. Few Poems Let'Em Roll, Kafka The Old Pals' Ac
Procol's Ninth is the eighth studio album by Procol Harum, was released in September 1975. Produced by songwriters Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Procol's Ninth featured a different direction from the previous album, with a much more stark sound than Chris Thomas's more elaborate productions. According to an interview with guitarist Mick Grabham, conducted by Roland Clare for the 2009 reissue and Stoller focused less on the production sound and more on "the structure of the songs"; the band appeared on the cover of the album in a straightforward unassuming photograph, mirroring the sound of the album itself. The cover featured simulations of each band member's signature. Procol's Ninth was the first release from the band to feature non-original songs: a remake of The Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" and Leiber & Stoller's own "I Keep Forgetting". "Eight Days a Week" was put on the album by the producers against the band's wishes. The album featured "Pandora's Box", a track, composed by Gary Brooker and Keith Reid early in the band's career.
As included on Ninth, it differed from the more psychedelic unfinished version of the song, released as a bonus track on the 2009 reissue of the band's first album. All tracks written except as noted. "Pandora's Box" – 3:39 "Fool's Gold" – 3:59 "Taking the Time" – 3:39 "The Unquiet Zone" – 3:39 "The Final Thrust" – 4:41 "I Keep Forgetting" – 3:27 "Without a Doubt" – 4:30 "The Piper's Tune" – 4:26 "Typewriter Torment" – 4:29 "Eight Days a Week" – 2:55 Salvo reissued the Procol Harum discography in 2009. Procol's Ninth included three bonus tracks that featured little to no overdubs for each track: "The Unquiet Zone" – 4:23 "Taking The Time" – 4:34 "Fool's Gold" – 3:53 Gary Brooker – vocals, piano Mick Grabham – guitar Chris Copping – organ Alan Cartwright – bass guitar B. J. Wilson – drums Keith Reid – lyrics ProcolHarum.com – ProcolHarum.com's page on this album