Super Rugby is a professional men's rugby union competition involving teams from Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa and Japan. Building on various Southern Hemisphere competitions dating back to the South Pacific Championship in 1986, with teams from a number of southern nations, Super Rugby started as the Super 12 in the 1996 season with 12 teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa; the Super 12 was established by SANZAR after the sport became professional in 1995. The name was changed to Super 14 with the addition of two teams for the 2006 season, with expansion to 15 teams in the three countries for the 2011 season, the competition was rebranded as Super Rugby. In 2016 two new teams, the Jaguares from Argentina and Sunwolves from Japan, joined the competition, playing in two newly separated African groups. In 2018, the competition underwent another change in format, this time dropping two teams from the South African conference, one from the Australian conference; this left the competition with 15 teams.
The competition has been dominated by New Zealand teams. The Crusaders have won most with nine titles. SANZAAR is the body that administers Super Rugby, has the Australian, New Zealand, South African and Argentine rugby unions as its sole members. SANZAAR runs the Rugby Championship tournament, contested by Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa following the conclusion of the Super Rugby tournament; the organisation was formed in 1996 to establish and run the Super 12, Tri-Nations Tournament. Prior to 2011, Super Rugby was a round-robin competition where each team played with every other team once; the winner received four competition points. The Rugby union bonus points system was used, where any team scoring four or more tries, and/or losing by seven points or less, receives an extra competition point. In 2016, the try bonus changed. A team now has to score three more tries than their opponents; the top four teams at the end of the round-robin phase played semi-finals – the first placed team hosting the fourth placed team, the second placed team hosting the third placed team.
The two winners played the final at the home ground of the top surviving seed. There were 91 regular season games in total. Games were held over 14 weekends with each team receiving one bye. From 2011 – 2015 the format changed, with each country forming its own conference; each team within a conference played each of the other teams in its conference twice, once at home and once away. Each team played four out of the five teams from each of the other conferences once. Competition points were awarded on a similar basis as before; the format of the finals changed. The four lower ranking teams were paired in two sudden death games; those winners played for the championship. For the 2016 and 2017 seasons the format changed again, with three more teams joining, one each from Argentina and South Africa. There were four conferences, with Africa getting two conferences; the finals had eight teams with each conference winner getting a home quarter final. They were joined by four wild card teams, three from the Australasian group and one from the South African group.
From 2018 season the format has changed again, with two South African teams and an Australian team being dropped. There are three conferences, one of the five New Zealand teams, a South African one to include Argentina's team and an Australasian one including Japan's team. Before 1996, a number of transnational competitions involving regional and provincial rugby union teams had taken shape in the southern hemisphere; the earliest of these was the South Pacific Championship, launched in 1986 and continued until 1990. After the demise of the South Pacific Championship, with no tournament played in 1991, the competition was relaunched as the Super 6 in 1992; the original Super 6 competition consisted of three provincial teams from New Zealand: Auckland, Wellington. In 1993, the Super Six competition was expanded into the Super 10 tournament. With South Africa being readmitted into international sport following the dismantling of apartheid, there was an opportunity to launch an expanded competition which would feature South Africa's top provincial teams.
The inaugural competition featured the following teams: Waikato, Auckland and North Harbour. The Super 10 was won by Transvaal in 1993, by Queensland in 1994 and 1995; the official declaration of professionalism in rugby union in August 1995 led to a restructuring of the Super 10 competition. Following the success of the 1995 World Cup, the rugby boards of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa formed SANZAR to administer an annual 12-team provincial/franchise based competition pitting regional teams from the three nations against each other. In addition it was decided to hold an annual Tri-Nations Test Series between the three co
Rugby union known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end. Rugby union is a popular sport around the world, played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, there were more than 6 million people playing worldwide, of whom 2.36 million were registered players. World Rugby called the International Rugby Football Board and the International Rugby Board, has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members. In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils. An amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, making the game professional at the highest level for the first time.
Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland and was absorbed by many of the countries associated with the British Empire. Early exponents of the sport included New Zealand, South Africa and France. Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Madagascar, New Zealand and Tonga. International matches have taken place since 1871 when the first game took place between Scotland and England at Raeburn Place in Edinburgh; the Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place every four years. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are other major international competitions, held annually. National club or provincial competitions include the Premiership in England, the Top 14 in France, the Mitre 10 Cup in New Zealand, the National Rugby Championship in Australia, the Currie Cup in South Africa. Other transnational club competitions include the Pro14 in Europe and South Africa, the European Rugby Champions Cup in Europe, Super Rugby, in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.
The origin of rugby football is reputed to be an incident during a game of English school football at Rugby School in 1823, when William Webb Ellis is said to have picked up the ball and run with it. Although the evidence for the story is doubtful, it was immortalised at the school with a plaque unveiled in 1895. Despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, which former pupils introduced to their university. Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first "football" team. During this early period different schools used different rules, with former pupils from Rugby and Eton attempting to carry their preferred rules through to their universities. A significant event in the early development of rugby football was the production of the first written laws of the game at Rugby School in 1845, followed by the Cambridge Rules drawn up in 1848. Other important events include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the formation of the Rugby Football Union in 1871.
The code was known as "rugby football". Despite the sport's full name of rugby union, it is known as rugby throughout most of the world; the first rugby football international was played on 27 March 1871 between Scotland and England in Edinburgh. Scotland won the game 1-0. By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had representative teams, in 1883 the first international competition, the Home Nations Championship had begun. 1883 is the year of the first rugby sevens tournament, the Melrose Sevens, still held annually. Two important overseas tours took place in 1888: a British Isles team visited Australia and New Zealand—although a private venture, it laid the foundations for future British and Irish Lions tours. During the early history of rugby union, a time before commercial air travel, teams from different continents met; the first two notable tours both took place in 1888—the British Isles team touring New Zealand and Australia, followed by the New Zealand team touring Europe. Traditionally the most prestigious tours were the Southern Hemisphere countries of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa making a tour of a Northern Hemisphere, the return tours made by a joint British and Irish team.
Tours would last for months, due to the number of games undertaken. Touring international sides would play Test matches against international opponents, including national and county sides in the case of Northern Hemisphere rugby, or provincial/state sides in the case of Southern Hemisphere rugby. Between 1905 and 1908, all three major Southern Hemisphere rugby countries sent their first touring teams to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, followed by South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, were far more successful than critics had expected; the New Zealand 1905 touri
Bristol Bears is an English professional rugby union club based in Bristol, England. They play in England's top division of rugby; the club was founded as Bristol Football Club in 1888. The current head coach is Pat Lam, appointed in 2017; the club announced a new nickname of Bears to be used from 1 June 2018. Bristol won the 1983 John Player Cup and have won England's second division four times, most in 2017–18. Bristol Football Club was formed in 1888 when the Carlton club merged with rival club Redland Park to create a united Bristol team. Westbury Park having refused to merge folded and many of its players subsequently joined Bristol; the County Cricket Ground at Nevil Road was leased for home matches. The first match was a heavy away defeat to Cardiff and although the first season was successful the second was not with only three games won; the club went from strength to strength over the next few years under the captaincy of W. Tommy Thomson, it turned the corner and in 1891–92, now wearing the more familiar navy and white hooped shirts, the Bristol team won 20 games out of 24.
Over the ensuing seasons the fixture list went from strength to strength, consisting of most of the top English and Welsh sides. In 1900 J. W. Jarman became Bristol's first England cap. Two major touring sides played Bristol during this period; the first New Zealand All Blacks defeated the club 41–0 in 1905 and in 1909 a combined Bristol and Clifton RFC team, captained by Percy Down, lost to Australia 11–3. The club was beginning to bring on a new generation of players when the First World War halted all rugby. After the war a Bristol United side was formed to provide rugby for returning servicemen and this led to the rebirth of Bristol in 1919; the County Ground was no longer available for home games so the club rented a field at Radnor Road, Horfield although occasional matches were staged at the Bristol City and Bristol Rovers grounds. The Radnor Road seasons were good ones for the club and a new crop of stars appeared; the Memorial Ground stadium was built on an area of land called Buffalo Bill's Field, occupied by allotments in 1921.
Bristol defeated Cardiff 19–3 in the opening match in front of a large crowd. The fiftieth anniversary was celebrated in 1938 but the next few years saw a fall in performances and the final inter-war season was a poor one. During World War II a Bristol Supporters team kept rugby union going in the city, thus Bristol had available players when peacetime rugby union resumed in 1945. The playing record in the early fifties was mixed, but there was a huge improvement under the captaincy of first Bert MacDonald, Dick Hawkes. Records were broken in 1956–57 and better was to follow in what has been called'The Blake Era'. Fly half John Blake became captain in 1957 and under his leadership the club developed an entertaining running style of rugby involving backs and forwards, years ahead of its time; the Bristol club set and broke new records for wins in a season and points scored and goal kicking forward Gordon Cripps rewrote the individual points scoring records. The 75th anniversary was celebrated in 1962–63 and floodlights were installed in the following season.
Club form peaked in 1965–66 under Derek Neate's captaincy when 39 games were won, again in 1971–72 under Tony Nicholls. This was the club's best season with a thousand points being scored for the first time and the team being crowned unofficial English and Anglo-Welsh champions. Under Mike Rafter's captaincy, the club won the John Player Cup in 1983, defeating Leicester 28–22. During this period Alan Morley established; the centenary season with Nigel Pomphrey as captain was celebrated in style with a game against the Barbarians and a narrow defeat in the cup final. In 1996, Bristol Rovers moved into the Memorial Stadium as tenants of Bristol Rugby, took over ownership of the stadium through the Memorial Stadium Company.1998–99 Relegation to Premiership Two in 1998 was not the worst of Bristol's problems. Only an eleventh hour rescue by Malcolm Pearce saved the club from potential oblivion. Bristol lost control of the Memorial Stadium Company to Bristol Rovers and were tenants thereafter until their eventual departure from the stadium at the conclusion of the 2013–14 season.
Bristol's first season outside the top flight brought with it a number of first-time visits to clubs. Bristol went on to win the Premiership Two title and promotion back to Premiership One, sealing the win with a 22–11 victory over Worcester; the World Cup disrupted the early part of the 1999–00 season, with a number of players missing the first few games. Under the captaincy of Dean Ryan the team finished sixth, just missing out on European Cup qualification. At the end of the season Dean Ryan took over as Head Coach from Bob Dwyer. After an opening day victory over newly promoted Rotherham, Bristol had a disappointing 2000–01 season finishing ninth. Off the field, Jack Rowell became managing director, successful community initiatives saw the attendance figures rise. Chief Executive Nicholas de Scossa was involved in debates about top clubs separating from the Rugby Football Union and forming a new Premier League; the 2001–02 season brought a new name, Bristol Shoguns, following a five-year £2-million sponsorship deal with Mitsubishi Motors.
The Shoguns finishing the season with the most bonus points in the Zurich Premiership, three players in t
Coogee, New South Wales
Coogee is a beachside suburb of local government area City of Randwick 8 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is a part of the Eastern Suburbs region; the Tasman Sea and Coogee Bay along with Coogee Beach lie towards the eastern side of the suburb. The beach is famous for its safe swimming conditions; the boundaries of Coogee are formed by Clovelly Road, Carrington Road and Rainbow Street, with arbitrary lines drawn to join these thoroughfares to the coast in the north-east and south-east corners. The name Coogee is said to be taken from a local Aboriginal word koojah which means "smelly place". Another version is koo-chai or koo-jah, both of which mean "the smell of the seaweed drying" in the Bidigal language, or "stinking seaweed", a reference to the smell of decaying kelp washed up on the beach. Early visitors to the area, from the 1820s onwards, were never able to confirm what "Coogee" meant, or if it in fact related to Coogee Beach.
Some evidence suggests that the word "Coogee" may in fact be the original Aboriginal place name for the next bay to the north, now known as Gordons Bay. Another name, "Bobroi", was recalled as the indigenous name for the locality; the Aboriginal population had relocated by the mid-19th century after being decimated by disease and violent clashes with early settlers, though some Aboriginal people still live in the area today. Coogee was gazetted as a village in 1838; the first school was built in 1863, the building was converted into the Coogee Bay Hotel in 1873. Three years Coogee Public School was established. In late 1887, Coogee Palace Aquarium and swimming baths were constructed; the Coogee Pleasure Pier, a large attraction including a theatre and ballroom, was constructed in 1928, but was demolished in 1934. Coogee was connected to the City of Sydney by electric tram in 1902; the suburb's popularity as a seaside resort was guaranteed. The line branched from the line to Clovelly at Darley Road in Randwick.
It ran down King Street beside the Randwick Tram Workshops ran in its own reservation to Belmore Road. It ran down Perouse Road, St Pauls Street, Carr Street and Arden Street before terminating in a balloon loop in Dolphin Street at Coogee Beach, it ran through several small tram reservations on its way down from Randwick to the beach. The line from Randwick to Coogee opened in 1883, electric services were introduced in 1902; the line closed in 1960. It follows the current route of bus 373. Sections of the disused tramways are now maintained by local residents as a community garden; the Coogee Surf Life Saving Club was founded in 1907 by local people who believed swimmers needed protection from the dangers of the surf. The CSLSC prides itself on being a pioneer in the realm of surf life saving. In fact, the first mass rescue, night surf carnival, shark attack and the development of the resuscitation technique are attributed to the CSLSC. Built in the early 1890s and occupied by a Mrs T. M. Alcock was a large mansion known as Maidstone, which stands in Waltham Street beside St Brigid's Church.
The house features a metal cedar fittings inside. The Catholic Church bought the building in 1922 and it was restored to its original style by Provincial House of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart. Located in Alison Road is a two-storey Federation mansion named Ocean View; the house was built in 1916 by Philip Wirth, of Wirth's Circus, is heritage-listed. Other notable buildings in the area include a large Italianate house in Arcadia Street, it is heritage-listed. The Coogee Aquarium and Swimming Baths were opened on 23 December 1887, it covered a block of land bordered by Beach Street, Bream Street and Dolphin Street. The Palace included an indoor Swimming pool, an aquarium featuring the tiger shark from the famous Shark Arm case, a great hall that could be used as a roller skating rink, Canadian toboggan ran down the hillside for over 70 meters, a herd of 14 donkeys to ride as well as swings, rocking horses, toy boats, flower beds, bandstand and an open-air bar. In June 1945, a strong storm caused the large dome to collapse.
In 1987 the Coogee Palace and Dome was re-built and converted to bars. The former hotel on the premises was owned by investment banker David Kingston and was known both as The Beach Palace Hotel and The Aquarium. In August 2014 the building re-opened as the Coogee Pavilion in a $30 million+ renovation by the Merivale group, its director Justin Hemmes. In 1924 construction started on an'English seaside style' amusement pier at Coogee Beach. On 24 July 1928, the pier was opened, reaching 180 metres out into the sea complete with a 1400-seat theatre, a 600 capacity ballroom, a 400-seat restaurant upstairs, small shops and a penny arcade. Coogee's rough surf damaged the pier and it was demolished in 1934. Lifeguards discovered remains of the pier on the ocean floor about 50 metres out from shore; the Shark Arm Case refers to an incident at the Coogee Aquarium Baths in 1935, when a captured tiger shark regurgitated a human arm. The arm belonged to a missing person, James Smith, identified by a tattoo.
The arm had been cut off. Nobody was charged over the murder, although another local criminal, Reginald Holmes, was found shot in a car near the Sydney Harbour Bridge the day before the inquest into Smith's death was due to start. In January 2003 it was noticed that one of the fence rails on Dolphin Point, just north of Coogee Beach, when viewed from a particular angle and distance, resembled a veiled woman. A local laundrette was one of the first to draw attentio
Racing 92 is a French rugby union club based in suburban Paris, formed in 2001 with the collaboration of the Racing Club de France and US Métro. They were called Racing Métro 92 between 2001 and 2015, when they changed the name to Racing 92. "92" is the number of Hauts-de-Seine, a département of Île-de-France, bordering Paris to the west, where they play, whose council gives financial backing to the club. They play in the Top 14, having been promoted as 2008–09 champions of Rugby Pro D2. After starting the 2017–18 season at the Stade Yves-du-Manoir stadium at Colombes, where the France national team played for several decades, Racing played their first match at the new U Arena, since renamed Paris La Défense Arena, in Nanterre on 22 December 2017. Racing Club was established in 1882 as one of the first in France. New sections were added thereafter. A rugby section was founded in 1890, which became an immediate protagonist of the early French championship and to which, until 1898, only Parisian teams were invited.
On 20 March 1892 the USFSA organised the first French rugby championship, a one off game between Racing and Stade Français. The game was refereed by Pierre de Coubertin and saw Racing win 4–3. Racing were awarded the Bouclier de Brennus, still awarded to the winners of the French championship today. Both clubs would contest the championship game the following season as well, though in 1893 it would be Stade Français who would win the event, defeating the Racing Club 7–3. Stade went on to dominate the following years and the Racing Club would make their next final appearance in the 1898 season, where they met Stade yet again; however the title was awarded after a round-robin with six clubs. Stade Français won with 10 points, Racing came in second with 6. Racing contested the 1900 season final against the Stade Bordelais club, as provincial clubs had been allowed to compete in 1899. Racing won the match, defeating Stade Bordelais 37–7; the two clubs would meet again in the 1902 championship game, where Racing would again win, 6–0.
A decade passed until Racing Club made another championship final, which would be on 31 March 1912, where they would play Toulouse in Toulouse. They lost the match 8–6. Due to World War I the French championship was replaced with a competition called the Coupe de l'Espérance; the Racing Club won the competition in 1918, defeating FC Grenoble 22 points to 9. Normal competition resumed for the 1920 season; that season the Racing Club made their first final since 1912, though they lost 8 to 3 to Stadoceste Tarbais, a club from the Pyrénées. After the 1920 season, the Racing Club would not win any championships for a number of years. In 1931 they created the Challenge Yves du Manoir competition. In the 1950s the club had some success, making their first championship final in 30 years, losing to Castres Olympique, 11 points to 8, becoming runners-up in the Challenge Yves du Manoir and winning the Challenge Rutherford in the 1952 season. After losing the 1957 final to FC Lourdes, the club won the championship in the 1959 season, defeating Mont-de-Marsan 8 points to 3.
The Racing Club would next play in the championship final in the 1987 season, where they met Toulon at Parc des Princes in Paris. Toulon won the match 15 points to 12. Three seasons the Racing Club defeated Agen 22 to 12 in Paris, capturing their first title since the 1959 season, but in the wake of the 1990 title, Racing Club had a hard time adapting to the professional era and started to decline, until they were relegated to Division 2 at the end of the 1995–96 season. They jumped back to the top tier in 1998 but went down again in 2000 and played in Division 2 for most of the next decade. In 2001 the rugby section split off from the general sports club to merge with the rugby section of US Métro, the Paris public transport sports club, to form the current professional concern, known as Racing Métro 92. Both Racing Club de France and US Métro retained their other amateur general sports sections. Racing 92's president is Jacky Lorenzetti; when Lorenzetti took over in 2006, the board set goals of bringing Racing into the Top 14 within the next two years and into the Heineken Cup by 2011.
They missed their Top 14 goal by one year, not entering the top flight until 2009, but achieved their Heineken Cup goal by qualifying for the 2010–11 edition. After 2003 the Challenge Yves du Manoir has been taken over by Racing Club as a youth competition for under 15s clubs. Racing Club de France provided 76 players including 12 captains, it is second only to Stade Toulousain in that category. Three Racingmen played in France's first international match against the All Blacks on 1 January 1906. Laurent Cabannes, a France flanker played for Harlequins. At the end of the 2014–15 season, the team's name was shortened from Racing Métro 92 to Racing 92. In France, early organised sport was a matter for rich people. Racing Club became the epitome of the exclusive athletics club, located in the heart of the Bois de Boulogne in the affluent western district of Paris; as the club's name, indicates, it was modelled after fashionable English sports organisations, whose ideal of mens sana in corpore sano appealed much to its members.
Many of them were aristocrats, four nobles took part in the first championship final. Although fewer aristocrats belong to the club now, it is still complicated to join it, the identity and image is one of exclusivity. Racing Club has always defended the amateur spirit of the game and of sports in
Sydney Boys High School
Sydney Boys High School, abbreviated as SBHS and colloquially called "Sydney Boys" or "High", is an academically selective public high school for boys located at Moore Park, New South Wales, a suburb within the City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Established in 1883 and operated by the New South Wales Department of Education, as a school within the Port Jackson Education Area of the Sydney Region, the school has 1,200 students from Years 7 to 12 — a number greater than most, if not all, other selective state schools — and is situated adjacent to its "sister school", Sydney Girls High School. The school is a member of the Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools of New South Wales; the school ranks among schools in New South Wales in terms of academic achievement, ranking 5th in the state in the 2017 Higher School Certificate, has produced numerous notable alumni, or "Old Boys". Although Fort Street High School was established in 1849, Sydney Boys High School is the first state high school in New South Wales created under Premier Henry Parkes' public education system in the early 1880s, following the Public Instruction Act 1880.
Whereas Fort Street Model School as it was founded took primary and secondary students neither Sydney Boys nor Sydney Girls High School has had a primary education division and are thus the first NSW state high schools founded for the express purpose of secondary education. Alternatively known as The Sydney High School, due to its being the first state high school, Sydney High School was established as two single-sex schools sharing a single building, with boys and girls on separate floors; the first day of instruction, for 46 boys, was October 1, 1883 and was at a building located in Castlereagh Street in the Sydney central business district, designed by Francis Greenway and constructed by convicts. From 1883 to 1892, Sydney Boys occupied the lower floor and entered from the Castlereagh Street side of the building, whereas Sydney Girls occupied the upper floor and entered from the Elizabeth Street side. In 1924, this building would be demolished and both schools would, in 1921, have relocated to Moore Park.
Presently, this site is home to the Elizabeth Street store of David Jones. In 1892, the boys' school was relocated to Mary Ann Street in Ultimo. In 1906, Sydney Boys High School became a member of the Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools of New South Wales, it is the sporting association's only state-operated member. In 1928, the school moved to its current location on the fringe of inner-city Sydney; this site was designed by George McRae, who designed the Queen Victoria Building. This site was the Moore Park Zoo, relocated to Mosman as Taronga Zoo; the Sydney Boys High School Year 7 intake is of around 180 students, but prospective students in higher years may matriculate to the school if vacancies exist. Offers of admission and matriculation into the school in Year 7 are made on the basis of academic merit, as assessed by the Selective High School Placement Test. In Years 7 to 8, the cohorts consist of 180 students in each year; the size of these cohorts are described by the 2001 SBHS Enrolment Policy.
Once admitted and matriculated, students are further grouped according to their strengths and/or weaknesses, or to their abilities, such as a weakness in English relative to mathematics or "general ability", as estimated by the Selective High School Placement Test, or a proven proficiency in music, as demonstrated by a formal qualification in music. Sydney Boys High School, like other academically selective schools and given the nature of its selective admissions criteria, has been known and is known for its academic achievement in the Higher School Certificate; the following table shows High's rankings relative to other schools in the state. The rankings are based on the percentage of exams sat that resulted in a placing on the Distinguished Achievers List as shown by the Board of Studies; the curriculum, endorsed by the New South Wales Board of Studies, is taught by the following 12 departments: The current Moore Park site hosts the Great Hall, other school buildings, tennis courts, a gymnasium, the Junior Quadrangle, the Flat, a common low-lying area of land between Sydney Boys and Sydney Girls High Schools.
The school buildings include 60 classrooms, two change rooms, the Junior Library, the Senior Library. Nearby to the school are a number of sports facilities, such as the tennis courts opposite to the Sydney Boys and Girls High Schools, located on Cleveland Street, the facilities at Centennial Park. Sydney Boys High School is affiliated with other facilities such as the Outterside Centre and the ANZAC Rifle Range. In addition to this, the school owns a number of vehicles, which it utilises to travel to sporting events, such as the annual The Armidale School versus the High School sporting exchange Armidale and the Head of the River at the Sydney International Regatta Centre. In addition, SBHS has its own cadet unit, which won the 23 Battalion AFX Trophy in 2012 and 2013, it has achieved notability in debating, having won the Hume Barbour and Karl Cramp trophies more times than any other school. SBHS competes in the Lawrence Campbell Oratory Competition and the GPS debating competition; the SBHS First Grade debating team have won the GPS Debating premiership 19 times, most from 2015-2018.
Sydney Boys High School has a long t
Randwick, New South Wales
Randwick is a suburb in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Randwick is located 6 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of the City of Randwick. Randwick is part of the Eastern Suburbs region; the postcode is 2031. Randwick was named after the village of Randwick, England, birthplace of Simeon Henry Pearce, who became Mayor of Randwick no less than six times. Simeon and his brother James, who migrated to Australia in 1842, were responsible for the early development of Randwick as well as suburb Coogee. Simeon lived in a house called Blenheim, it was neglected for some time but was acquired by Randwick City Council and restored. Proclaimed as a Municipality in February 1859, as a City in 1990, Randwick has a rich history and a number of heritage buildings. Another Mayor of Randwick, George Kiss, built the house known as Ventnor in the 1870s. A two-storey sandstone house, Ventnor is situated on Avoca Street, overlooking Coogee.
It is now owned by the nearby Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church. Other buildings of note include the St Jude's Church group on Avoca Street. Designed by Edmund Blacket, the church was completed in 1865, it was modified by H. M. Robinson in 1889; the rectory next door was built in 1870. The Verger's Residence, designed by Thomas Rowe and completed in 1862, was the original Randwick Burough Chambers; this distinctive building, with its Gothic touches, was followed by the present Randwick Town Hall, built in 1886. The church group and Ventnor are listed on the Register of the National Estate. Further down Avoca Street is the sandstone building known as the Star and Garter Inn, built in the 1830s, it was the home of Captain J. Watson, responsible for the memorial to Captain James Cook, which still stands at front of the building. One of the dominant features of the area is the Prince of Wales Hospital, which started life as a home for destitute children, it was financed by the legacy of Dr. Cuthill.
In 1915 the home continued to grow as a medical facility. Other noteworthy buildings include private homes like Ilfracombe and Torquay, in Avoca Street, Venice, in Frenchmans Road; the latter was built 1884-84 on part of St Mark's Glebe. The land had been leased in 1880 for 99 years to S. Holmes and J. Parsons; the house has stained glass windows. It has been described as a "comparatively rare and distinctive example of late Victorian Gothic architecture retaining most of its detailing intact." It has a New South Wales heritage listing. Another notable home was Sandgate, located in Belmore Road; this sandstone house was built circa 1870 on land granted to Simeon Pierce in 1853. It was bought by the Federal Government in the 1920s, it was restored by Randwick Council. The last Gothic mansion left in Randwick is Nugal Hall, located in Milford Street, it was designed by Mortimer Lewis and the southern portion of the house was built in 1853 for Alexander McArthur, a shipping merchant. The house features a staircase with glass dome above.
The coach house building at the front was a lodge for horse-drawn vehicles. The northern portion of the house was completed by Dr Fred Tidswell; the architect of the northern portion is thought to have been Oswald. The Tidswell family owned the house from c. 1880 – 1903. Frederick Squire Tidswell and his wife Mary Ann had nine children including the microbiologist Dr Frank Tidswell and architect Thomas Tidswell. Randwick has a number of heritage-listed sites, including the following sites listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register: 124 Alison Road: Randwick Post Office 162 Alison Road: Randwick Presbyterian Church 102-108 Avoca Street: St Jude's Church, Randwick 211-215 Avoca Street: Corana and Hygeia 128 Belmore Road: Sandgate, Randwick 60 Bundock Lane: Electricity Substation No. 341 66 Frenchmans Road: Venice, Randwick 17 Gilderthorpe Avenue: Hooper Cottage 16-18 Milford Street: Nugal Hall 2S Frances Street: Electricity Substation No. 349 43 St Marks Road: Rathven, Randwick 43 St Pauls Street: Ritz Cinema, Sydney 18-20 Stanley Street: Emanuel School, Australia 26-42 The Avenue: Avonmore Terrace 29-39 Young Street: Big Stable NewmarketThe following structures are listed on the Register of the National Estate, or the heritage schedule of Randwick Council's Local Environment Plan.
Ventnor, Avoca Street Original Randwick Borough Chambers, Avoca Street Goldring House and Attached Residence, Avoca Street and Meares Avenue Prince of Wales Hospital Group and High Streets Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church, Avoca Street The Park and Cuthill Streets Ilfracrombe, Avoca Street, Avoca Street, Avoca Street, Newmarket House and The Big Stable and Young Streets Captain James Cook Statue, corner Belmore Road and Avoca Street Hannan's Butcher Shop, Belmore Road Former Randwick Police Station, Coogee Bay Road Peckham, Cowper Street Essex, Cuthill Street House, 11 Cuthill Street Royal Hotel, Cuthill Street Shaldon, Darley Road Swan Isle, Darley Road Gordon Terrace, Gordon Street Members' Stand, Randwick Racecourse Busb