Carry On (franchise)
The Carry On series consists of 31 British comedy motion pictures, four Christmas specials, a television series of thirteen episodes, three West End and provincial stage plays. The films' humour was in the British comic tradition of bawdy seaside postcards. Producer Peter Rogers and director Gerald Thomas drew on a regular group of actors, the Carry On team, that included Sid James, Kenneth Williams, Charles Hawtrey, Joan Sims, Kenneth Connor, Peter Butterworth, Hattie Jacques, Terry Scott, Bernard Bresslaw, Barbara Windsor, Jack Douglas, Jim Dale; the Carry On series contains the largest number of films of any British series, it is the longest continually running UK film series, although with a fourteen-year break. Anglo Amalgamated Film Distributors Ltd produced twelve films, the Rank Organisation made eighteen and United International Pictures made one. Producer Peter Rogers and director Gerald Thomas made all 31 films on time and to a strict budget, employed the same crew. Between 1958 and 1992, the series employed seven writers, most Norman Hudis and Talbot Rothwell.
In between the films and Thomas produced four Christmas specials in 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, a thirteen episode television series in 1975, various West End stage shows which toured the regions. All the films were made at Pinewood Studios near Buckinghamshire. Budgetary constraints meant that a large proportion of the location filming was undertaken close to the studios in and around south Buckinghamshire, including areas of Berkshire and Middlesex. However, by the late 1960s more ambitious plots necessitated locations further afield, which included Snowdonia National Park and the beaches of the Sussex coast doubling as Saharan sand dunes in Follow That Camel. Carry On Sergeant was about a group of recruits doing National Service; the film was sufficiently successful to inspire a similar venture, again focusing on an established and respected profession in Carry On Nurse. When that too was successful, further forays with Carry On Teacher and Carry On Constable established the series; this initial'pattern' was broken with the fifth film in 1961, Carry On Regardless, but it still followed a similar plot to that of many of the early films—a small group of misfit newcomers to a job make comic mistakes, but come together to succeed in the end.
The remainder of the series developed with increased use of the British comic traditions of music hall and bawdy seaside postcards. Many titles parodied more serious films, such as their tongue-in-cheek homages to James Bond and Hammer horror films; the most impressive of these was Carry On Cleo, after the Burton and Taylor epic Cleopatra, where the budget-conscious Carry On team made full use of some impressive sets, intended for that film. Carry On Emmannuelle, inspired by the soft-porn Emmanuelle, brought to an end the original'run'; the stock-in-trade of Carry On humour was innuendo and the sending-up of British institutions and customs, such as the National Health Service, the monarchy, the Empire, the armed forces, the police and the trade unions as well as camping, foreign holidays, beauty contests, caravan holidays, the education system amongst others. Although the films were often panned by critics, they proved popular with audiences. In 2007, the pun "Infamy, they've all got it in for me", spoken by Kenneth Williams in Carry on Cleo, was voted the funniest one-line joke in film history.
A film had appeared in 1957 under the title Carry On Admiral. The much earlier 1937 film Carry On London is unrelated; the cast were poorly paid—around £5,000 per film for a principal performer. In his diaries, Kenneth Williams lamented this, criticised several of the movies despite his declared fondness for the series as a whole. Peter Rogers, the series' producer, acknowledged: "Kenneth was worth taking care of, because while he cost little he made a great deal of money for the franchise." Several other films were planned, scripted or entered pre-production before being abandoned: What a Carry On... 1961 Carry On Smoking, 1961. The story revolved around a fire station, various attempts to train a bungling group of new recruits. Carry On Spaceman, 1961 and again in 1962. See section below. Carry On Flying, 1962. Scripted by Norman Hudis, about a group of RAF recruits, it got as far as pre-production before being abandoned. Jim Dale was to have a starring role. Carry On Robin, 1965. A planned spoof of Robin Hood starring the "Carry On regulars" was outlined by Rogers and registered with the British Film Producers Association but never pursued.
Carry On Again Nurse, 1967 and two other attempts. See section below ↓. Carry On Escaping, 1973. Scripted by Talbot Rothwell, a spoof of World War II escape films; the complete script was included in the book The Complete A-Z of Everything Carry On. Carry on Dallas, 1980. A p
The Naked Truth (1957 film)
The Naked Truth is a 1957 British film comedy starring Terry-Thomas, Peter Sellers and Dennis Price. Peggy Mount, Shirley Eaton and Joan Sims appear, it was written by Michael Pertwee. It was released in the U. S. as Your Past is Showing. Nigel Dennis is a blackmailer who threatens to publish embarrassing secrets in his magazine The Naked Truth. After attempting to blackmail a famous scientist, an MP, his latest targets are Lord Henry Mayley, television host Sonny MacGregor, writer Flora Ransom, model Melissa Right. Several of them decide independently. However, it is Mayley who by sheer bad luck nearly ends up the victim of both MacGregor and Ransom's schemes; the four join forces and try again. That attempt fails, but Dennis is arrested for an earlier crime; when Dennis threatens to reveal all at his trial, Mayley comes up with a scheme to break him out of prison and send him to South America, with the help of hundreds of his other victims. They phone in numerous fake calls for help, distracting the London police, while Mayley, MacGregor, MacGregor's reluctant assistant Porter, disguised as policemen, whisk Dennis away.
Knocking Dennis unconscious periodically, they end up in the cabin of a blimp on the way to a rendezvous with an outbound ship. To their dismay, when he comes to, Dennis refuses to go along with their plan, as he in fact never wanted to reveal any of their secrets in court, he was, in fact, optimistic about the trial anyway, reveals that the evidence was his copies of "The Naked Truth", destroyed by the plotters earlier. Happy to have outsmarted his opponents again, but unaware of where he is, Dennis steps out for some air and plummets to the ocean below; when MacGregor celebrates by shooting his pistol, it punctures the blimp, which shoots away into the distance. Terry-Thomas as Lord Henry Mayley Peter Sellers as Sonny MacGregor Peggy Mount as Flora Ransom Shirley Eaton as Melissa Right Dennis Price as Nigel Dennis Georgina Cookson as Lady Lucy Mayley, Henry's wife Joan Sims as Ethel Ransom, Flora's daughter and reluctant accomplice Miles Malleson as Reverend Cedric Bastable, Flora's fiancé Kenneth Griffith as Porter Moultrie Kelsall as Mactavish Bill Edwards as Bill Murphy, Melissa's rich Texan boyfriend Wally Patch as Fred - paunchy old man Henry Hewitt as Gunsmith John Stuart as Police Inspector David Lodge as Constable Johnson Joan Hurley as Authoress Peter Noble as Television Announcer Victor Rietti as Doctor Allmovie wrote, "A prescient satire of tabloid journalists and celebrity culture, The Naked Truth, is a well-acted British comedy that doesn't quite succeed in melding its black and broad comedy".
It's based - as the best British humour is - on class and sex... Mario Zampi directs the gags in Michael Pertwee's satisfying script with superb timing." And Leonard Maltin noted, "Sellers is a special treat in this amusing satire." The Naked Truth on IMDb The Naked Truth at AllMovie
Orders Are Orders
Orders Are Orders is a 1955 British comedy film directed by David Paltenghi, featuring Peter Sellers, Sid James, Tony Hancock, Raymond Huntley, Brian Reece and Bill Fraser. Eric Sykes appears in a minor role, it was a remake of the 1933 film Orders. A film production company decides to make a new science fiction film in an army barracks, using the soldiers as extras; this does not go down well with the commanding officer, who attempts to make life as difficult as possible for the film crew. Brian Reece — Captain Harper Margot Grahame — Wanda Sinclair Raymond Huntley — Colonel Bellamy Sid James — Ed Waggermeyer Tony Hancock — Lieutenant Wilfred Cartroad Peter Sellers — Private Goffin Clive Morton — General Sir Cuthbert Grahame-Foxe June Thorburn — Veronica Bellamy Maureen Swanson — Joanne Delamere Peter Martyn — Lieutenant Broke Bill Fraser — Private Slee Edward Lexy — Captain Ledger Barry MacKay — RSM Benson Donald Pleasence — Corporal Martin Eric Sykes — Private Waterhouse Leonard Williams — Corporal Smithers The film was released on region two DVD in 2007.
TV Guide wrote, "except for a couple of decent comic performances, the good cast, including both Peter Sellers and Donald Pleasence in early roles, are wasted by the film's haphazard construction." Time Out wrote, "just about worth suffering to see Tony Hancock in his film debut as the harassed bandmaster." Orders Are Orders on IMDb
Kenneth Connor, was an English stage and broadcasting actor, best known to the public for his comedy appearances in the Carry On films. Born in Islington, the son of a naval petty officer who organised concert parties, Connor first appeared on the stage at the age of two as an organ-grinder's monkey in one of his father's shows, in Portsmouth. By 11 years old, he had his own act, he attended the Central School of Drama, where he was a Gold Medal winner. Connor made his professional debut in J. M. Barrie's The Boy David, at His Majesty's Theatre, London in December 1936. During the Second World War, he served as an infantry gunner with the Middlesex Regiment but continued acting by touring Italy and the Middle East with the Stars in Battledress concert party and ENSA. While waiting to be demobbed in Cairo, Connor received a telegram from William Devlin asking him to join the newly formed Bristol Old Vic, where he gained a solid grounding in the classics, he moved on to the London Old Vic Company for a 1947–48 season at the New Theatre.
His most notable performances there were as Chaplain de Stogumber in Saint Joan and Dobchinsky in The Government Inspector, which starred Alec Guinness. Realising he was not a "tall, impressive juvenile lead or a young lover type," he decided to specialise in comedy, he took over from Peter Sellers in Ted Ray's radio show Ray's a Laugh – launched by the BBC in 1949 as a successor to Tommy Handley's ITMA. He played other oddball characters such as Sidney Mincing. Ray took Connor with him to his TV shows, the pair would star together in the third Carry On film, Carry On Teacher. On occasion he appeared in The Goon Show, standing in for regular cast members struck down by illness, he appeared in the anarchic, Goon-style TV series The Idiot Weekly, Price 2d and A Show Called Fred. In 1955, Connor gained a small role in the film The Ladykillers as a taxi driver. In 1958, he was cast in the first Carry On film, Carry On Sergeant, became one of the regular cast in the series, appearing in seventeen of the original thirty films and many of the associated television productions.
Alongside Kenneth Williams and Eric Barker, Connor was one of only three actors to appear in both the first and last of the original sequence of Carry On films. In his earlier Carry On appearances, Connor played the romantic lead or other sympathetic roles, while appearances saw him play less sympathetic characters such as married men with wandering eyes and lascivious remarks. In Carry On Nurse, his real-life son Jeremy appeared as his character Bernie Bishop's son. In 1961, he starred with fellow Carry On stars Sid James and Esma Cannon in the comedy film What a Carve Up! In fact, in the 1959 – 1961 period, he was one of the most prominent leading men in British comedy films; as well as What a Carve Up! and the Carry On films, other films he starred in during this period included Watch Your Stern, Nearly a Nasty Accident and the Dentist films. In 1960, he appeared as various characters in the Four Feather Falls puppet series. Connor had a good tenor voice, which he used to good effect, such as in the 1962 movie Carry On Cruising.
In contrast with some of his Carry On co-stars, Connor found further success on the London stage. He starred in the revue One Over The Eight, at the Duke of York's Theatre, the original London West End production with Frankie Howerd of the Stephen Sondheim musical A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, as Hysterium – and directed the show when it went on tour – The Four Musketeers, with Harry Secombe at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, playing King Louis XIII, the revue Carry On London at the Victoria Palace. Between 1971 and 1973, Connor joined Dad's Army stars Arthur Lowe and Ian Lavender on the BBC radio comedy Parsley Sidings. On television he appeared in The Black and White Minstrel Show, as Whatsisname Smith in the children's show Rentaghost, as Monsieur Alfonse in'Allo'Allo! and Uncle Sammy Morris in Hi-de-Hi!. He made guest appearances in sitcoms including That's My Boy and You Rang, M'Lord? and he appeared in an episode of Blackadder the Third in 1987, alongside fellow veteran comic star Hugh Paddick.
He was honoured by the Queen with appointment as a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1991. He was still working just two days before his death, with an appearance on Noel Edmonds' Telly Addicts, his final TV appearance, as Mr Warren in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes episode The Adventure of the Red Circle, was broadcast posthumously in 1994. Connor died of cancer at his home in Harrow, Middlesex in 1993, was survived by his wife Margaret, his son and three grandchildren, Thomas and Rose, all of whom have been child actors. Kenneth Connor on IMDb
A running gag, or running joke, is a literary device that takes the form of an amusing joke or a comical reference and appears throughout a work of literature or other form of storytelling. Though they are similar, catchphrases are not considered running gags. Running gags can begin with an instance of unintentional humor, repeated in variations as the joke grows familiar and audiences anticipate reappearances of the gag; the humor in a running gag may derive from how it is repeated, however the underlying statement or situation will always require some form of jocularity. Therefore, a statement, trivial in nature will not turn into a running gag by being repeated over and over again. A running gag may derive its humor from the appropriateness of the situation in which the gag occurs, or setting up the audience to expect another occurrence of the joke and substituting something else. Running gags are found in television shows, but appear in other places, such as video games, films and comic strips.
A running gag can be verbal or visual and may "convey social values by echoing belligerent speakers with a barrage of caricatured threats." For example, a character may present others with a proposition, so ridiculous or outrageous it is to be self-mocking to the point where the original request has little or no chance of being carried out and results in a humorous effect. The characters themselves may be aware of the running gag and make humorous mention of it. Callback Catchphrase Gimmick In-joke Recurring character Trademark look "Running gag". TV Tropes
Company sergeant major
The company sergeant major is the senior non-commissioned soldier of a company in the armies of many Commonwealth countries, responsible for administration and discipline. In combat, his prime responsibility is the supply of ammunition to the company, he oversees the distribution of other supplies, such as water or food, although that responsibility is that of the company quartermaster sergeant, evacuating the wounded and collecting prisoners of war. For military units of the same level as a company, the equivalent may be squadron sergeant major or battery sergeant major. In the Household Cavalry, squadron corporal major is the equivalent. First sergeant and Kompaniefeldwebel are the United States Army and German Heer equivalents respectively. In the Canadian Forces, the CSM appointment is held by a master warrant officer; the appointment is sometimes held by a warrant officer, responsible for a smaller number of personnel. In the Canadian Forces, the SSM/BSM/CSM is referred to as "Sir/Ma'am" by subordinates, or as "Sergeant Major".
Superiors refer to him/her as "Sergeant Major" or "CSM". If the position is held by a warrant officer, subordinates will still address the individual as "Sergeant Major". In the Singapore Armed Forces, the CSM appointment is held by a staff sergeant, master sergeant or second warrant officer, he may be addressed as "CSM" by superiors, as "Sergeant Major" or "Sir" by subordinates. The CSM is respectfully addressed by all as "Encik", Malay for "Mister", but the permission for junior enlisted men to do so should not be taken for granted. Training schools sometimes refer to companies as "wings". In the case of the Officer Cadet School, WSMs are second or first warrant officers due to the greater experience required for the appointment; the CSM is the senior specialist in the company. He is in charge of the welfare and discipline of the specialists and enlisted men within, has the company commander's ear. Drill and ceremonies is the CSM's responsibility, he supervises the instruction of drill by the platoon sergeants, will conduct company rehearsals for parades prior to actual parade rehearsals.
On the parade square, the CSM carries a black pace stick. As an experienced senior specialist, the CSM is expected to be an expert in the weapons and equipment employed by the company, will assist in instruction where necessary. During exercises or operations, the CSM, aided by the company quartermaster sergeant and company medic, is in charge of organizing the company's logistics and medical treatment and evacuation. If necessary, he can be tasked to lead a detachment composed of recoilless rifles and machine guns, to protect the rifle company from flanking attacks by enemy light armoured vehicles along a contested axis. In the United Kingdom, CSM is an appointment held by warrant officers class 2 in the British Army and Royal Marines By 1913, there were two colour sergeants in each infantry company. On 1 October 1913, they were replaced by the two new ranks of company sergeant major and company quartermaster sergeant, with one of each in each company. Company sergeant major was an actual rank, wearing the colour sergeant's old rank badge of a crown over three chevrons, until it became an appointment of the new rank of warrant officer class II in 1915 and adopted the rank badge of a large crown on the lower sleeve.
A CSM, BSM or SSM is addressed as "Sir" or "Ma'am" by subordinates, or "Sergeant Major". However, a cavalry SSM is addressed as "Mr" by officers, as "Mr, Sir" by his subordinates, with the salutation "Sergeant Major" being reserved for staff sergeants. For the British Army, protocol can vary between units, creating a minefield for outsiders, new recruits, soldiers serving outside their parent regiments; the most famous fictional examples are Battery Sergeant Major Tudor Bryn'Shut Up' Williams, portrayed by Windsor Davies in the 1970s sitcom It Ain't Half Hot Mum and Company Sergeant Major Percival Bullimore and Company Sergeant Major Claude Snudge played by William Hartnell and Bill Fraser in the 1958–63, Granada television comedy series, The Army Game
Strangers' Meeting is a 1957 crime drama film directed by Robert Day and starring Peter Arne and Delphi Lawrence. Trapeze artist Harry is wrongly convicted of murder, he escapes from jail and hides out in a country pub, on a mission to uncover the identity of the real killer. Peter Arne as Harry Belair Delphi Lawrence as Margot Sanders Conrad Phillips as David Sanders Barbara Archer as Rosie Foster Victor Maddern as Willie Fisher David Ritch as Giovanni Doris Hare as Nellie John Kelly as Michael OHara David Lodge as Fred Norman Rossington as Barrow Boy Strangers' Meeting on IMDb