United States Secretary of the Treasury
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with financial and monetary matters, until 2003 included several federal law enforcement agencies. This position in the federal government of the United States is analogous to the Minister of Finance in many other countries; the Secretary of the Treasury is a member of the President's Cabinet, is nominated by the President of the United States. Nominees for Secretary of the Treasury undergo a confirmation hearing before the United States Senate Committee on Finance before being voted on by the United States Senate; the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Defense are regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the importance of their departments. The Secretary of the Treasury is a non-statutory member of the U. S. National Security Council and fifth in the United States presidential line of succession; the Secretary of the Treasury is the principal economic advisor to the President and plays a critical role in policy-making by bringing an economic and government financial policy perspective to issues facing the government.
The Secretary is responsible for formulating and recommending domestic and international financial and tax policy, participating in the formulation of broad fiscal policies that have general significance for the economy, managing the public debt. The Secretary oversees the activities of the Department in carrying out its major law enforcement responsibilities; the Chief Financial Officer of the government, the Secretary serves as Chairman Pro Tempore of the President's Economic Policy Council, Chairman of the Boards and Managing Trustee of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, as U. S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; the Secretary along with the Treasurer of the United States must sign Federal Reserve notes before they can become legal tender. The Secretary manages the United States Emergency Economic Stabilization fund.
Most of the Department's law enforcement agencies such as the U. S. Customs Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Explosives, the U. S. Secret Service were reassigned to other departments in 2003 in conjunction with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security; the salary of the Secretary of the Treasury is $205,700 annually. Parties No party Federalist Democratic-Republican Democratic Whig Republican Status 1 William Jones served as acting secretary between the resignation of Alexander J. Dallas and appointment of William H. Crawford. 2 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury M. Peter McPherson served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from August 17, 1988, to September 15, 1988. 3 Because of the resignation of Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Roger Altman in August 1994, Under Secretary of Treasury for Domestic Finance Frank N. Newman served from December 22, 1994, to January 11, 1995 as Acting Secretary of the Treasury. 4 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Kenneth W. Dam served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from December 31, 2002, to February 3, 2003.
5 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Robert M. Kimmitt served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from June 30, 2006, to July 9, 2006. 6 Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Stuart A. Levey served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from January 20, 2009, until the confirmation of Timothy Geithner, which occurred January 26, 2009. 7 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Neal Wolin served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from January 25, 2013, until the confirmation of Jack Lew which occurred February 28, 2013. 8 Acting Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Adam J. Szubin served as Acting Secretary of the Treasury from January 20, 2017, until the confirmation of Steven Mnuchin which occurred February 13, 2017. If both the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury are unable to carry out the duties of the office of Secretary of the Treasury whichever Treasury official of Under Secretary rank sworn in earliest assumes the role of Acting Secretary. Positions listed on the Department of the Treasury website include the Under Secretary for Domestic Finance, the Under Secretary for International Affairs, the Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
As of April 2019, there are eleven living former Secretaries of the Treasury, the oldest being George P. Shultz; the most recent Secretary of the Treasury to die, as well as the most serving Secretary to die, was Lloyd M. Bentsen, Jr. on May 23, 2006. "Secretaries of the Treasury". History of the Treasury. United States Department of the Treasury. Retrieved April 9, 2006. Official website
Kaysville is a city in Davis County, United States. It is part of the Ogden -- Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 27,300 at the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 29,494 in 2014. Shortly after Latter Day Saint pioneers arrived in 1847, the Kaysville area known as "Kay's Creek" or Kay's Ward, was settled by Hector Haight in 1850 as a farming community, he had been sent north to find feed for the stock and soon thereafter constructed a cabin and brought his family to settle the area. Farmington, Utah claims Hector Haight as its original settler. Two miles north of Haight's original settlement, Samuel Holmes built a cabin in 1849 and was soon joined by other settlers from Salt Lake, namely Edward Phillips, John Green, William Kay. Although settlement began in the 1840s, the name of Kaysville connects with the fact that in 1851 William Kay was made the bishop in the vicinity by Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball. After the move south in 1858 there was an attempt to rename the community "Freedom", but Brigham Young convinced the residents to retain the old name.
In 1868 Kaysville became the first city incorporated in Davis County. An adobe meetinghouse was built in 1863, it was replaced by the Kaysville Tabernacle in 1914. In 1930 Kaysville had 992 people. Of those residents who were Latter Day Saints, they all were in the Kaysville Ward which covered most of the rest of the Kaysville Precinct. By 2008 there were seven Mormon stakes in Kaysville. In November 2009, Kaysville voters elected Steve Hiatt as Kaysville City's 38th mayor, the youngest mayor in the state of Utah, he was sworn in on January 4, 2010. He was reelected for a second four-year term in November 2013; the current mayor, Katie Witt, won the 2017 election with 53.57 of the popular vote over Lorene Kamalu. Kaysville is bordered by the city of Layton to the north, Fruit Heights to the east, Farmington, the county seat, to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, Kaysville has a total area of 10.5 square miles, of which 0.04 square miles, or 0.48%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 20,351 people, 5,496 households, 4,814 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,016.1 people per square mile. There were 5,638 housing units at an average density of 558.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.57% White, 0.31% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.98% of the population. There were 5,496 households out of which 57.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 12.4% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.69 and the average family size was 4.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 40.6% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $60,383, the median income for a family was $64,818. Males had a median income of $50,414 versus $27,653 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,652. About 4.2% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. Cherry Hill Davis High School House where John Taylor died LeConte Stewart Artist Museum Utah Botanical Center Kay's Cross Biker's Edge Rob Bishop, congressman Henry H. Blood, 7th governor of Utah James Cowser, defensive lineman for Oakland Raiders Floyd Gottfredson, cartoonist in the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame City of Kaysville official website
John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. He served at the height of the Cold War, the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union. A member of the Democratic Party, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U. S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president. Kennedy was born in Brookline, the second child of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940 and joined the U. S. Naval Reserve the following year. During World War II, he commanded a series of PT boats in the Pacific theater and earned the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his service. After the war, Kennedy represented the 11th congressional district of Massachusetts in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953, he was subsequently elected to the U. S. Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960.
While in the Senate, he published his book Profiles in Courage, which won a Pulitzer Prize for Biography. In the 1960 presidential election, Kennedy narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, the incumbent vice president. At age 43, he became the second-youngest man to serve as president, the youngest man to be elected as U. S. president, as well as the only Roman Catholic to occupy that office. He was the first president to have served in the U. S. Navy. Kennedy's time in office was marked by high tensions with communist states in the Cold War, he increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D. Eisenhower. In April 1961, he authorized a failed joint-CIA attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he subsequently rejected Operation Northwoods plans by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to orchestrate false flag attacks on American soil in order to gain public approval for a war against Cuba.
However his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962. In October 1962, U. S. spy planes discovered. Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the civil rights movement, but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Texas. Pursuant to the Constitution, Vice President Lyndon Johnson automatically became president upon Kennedy's death. Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was killed by Jack Ruby two days and so was never prosecuted. Ruby was sentenced to death and died while the conviction was on appeal in 1967. Both the FBI and the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups challenged the findings of the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy. After Kennedy's death, Congress enacted many of his proposals, including the Civil Rights Act and the Revenue Act of 1964.
Kennedy continues to rank in polls of U. S. presidents with historians and the general public. His personal life has been the focus of considerable public fascination following revelations regarding his lifelong health ailments and alleged extra-marital affairs, his average approval rating of 70% is the highest of any president in Gallup's history of systematically measuring job approval. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, at 83 Beals Street in suburban Brookline, Massachusetts, to businessman/politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy and philanthropist/socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy, his paternal grandfather P. J. Kennedy was a member of the Massachusetts state legislature, his maternal grandfather and namesake John F. Fitzgerald served as a U. S. Congressman and was elected to two terms as Mayor of Boston. All four of his grandparents were children of Irish immigrants. Kennedy had an elder brother, Joseph Jr. and seven younger siblings: Rosemary, Eunice, Robert and Edward.
As of 2019, he has been the only Catholic U. S. President. Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life and attended the local St. Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917, he was educated at the Edward Devotion School in Brookline, the Noble and Greenough Lower School in nearby Dedham and the Dexter School through the 4th grade. His father's business had kept him away from the family for long stretches of time, his ventures were concentrated on Wall Street and Hollywood. In September 1927, the family moved from Brookline to the Riverdale neighborhood of New York City. Young John attended the lower campus of Riverdale Country School, a private school for boys, from 5th to 7th grade. Two years the family moved to suburban Bronxville, New York, where Kennedy was a member of Boy Scout Troop 2 and attended St. Joseph's Church; the Kennedy family spent summers and early autumns at their home in Hyannis Port and Christmas and Easter holidays at their winter retreat in Palm Beach, Florida purchased in 1933.
In September 1930, Kennedy—then 13 years old—attended the Canterbury School in New Milford, for 8th grade. In April 1931, he had an appendectomy, after which he withdrew from Canterbury and recuperated at home. In September 1931, Kennedy started attending Choate, a prestigious board
Weber State University
Weber State University is a public university in the western United States, located in Ogden, north of Salt Lake City. It is a coeducational, publicly supported university offering professional, liberal arts and technical certificates, as well as associate's, bachelor's, master's degrees. Weber State University is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Universities. Programs throughout the university are accredited as well; the city of Ogden is the seat of Weber County. The school was founded in 1889 as Weber Stake Academy changing names to Weber Academy, Weber Normal College, Weber College. Weber College became a junior college in 1933, in 1962 became Weber State College, it gained university status 28 years ago in 1991, when it was renamed to its current name of Weber State University. Weber State University was founded by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as the Weber Stake Academy in 1889. "Weber" comes from the name of the county. Weber County was named after an early fur trader.
The university opened for students in 1889 with 98 students enrolled for classes on January 7. The first principal of Weber Stake Academy was Louis F. Moench. In the latter year, Moench was succeeded as principal by David O. McKay, who served in that position until 1908. From 1914 to 1917, James L. Barker was the principal of the Weber Stake Academy. In the early 20th century, the school underwent multiple name changes: Weber Stake Academy from its founding in 1889 to 1897, Weber Academy in 1902, Weber Normal College in 1918, Weber College in 1922. By the late 1920s, the college was in financial difficulty, the LDS Church faced four choices—transfer the college to a partnership of the city of Ogden and Weber County, transfer it to the University of Utah as a branch campus, transfer it to the state of Utah as a junior college, or shut it down. In 1931, the Utah Legislature passed a law providing for the acquisition of Weber College and Snow College from the LDS Church. In 1933, Weber College became a state-supported junior college.
In 1954 the college moved from its downtown location in Ogden to a spacious and scenic area in the southeast bench area of the city. The school became Weber State College in 1962, in 1964 became a four-year college, it was a charter member of the Big Sky Conference in 1963. The first graduate program, was added in 1984, it gained university status on January 1, 1991. Weber State University has developed into a major state undergraduate institution serving northern Utah and areas beyond, including American and international students; the university sits along the east bench of the Wasatch Mountains in Ogden. There is two centers in Morgan and Roy. In addition to its physical locations, Weber State University has been a pioneer in the development of online education for the Utah System of Higher Education; the Ogden campus covers more than 500 acres, houses 63 buildings and features residence halls that accommodate more than 1,000 students. The Davis campus has two buildings. In 2013, Weber State opened WSU Downtown, an 18,000-square-foot building on 2314 Washington Blvd. which houses a WSU Wildcat Store, the WSU Small Business Development Center, Startup Ogden, an open co-working space.
Weber State has centers in Roy, Kaysville and Morgan, Utah, in addition to the Community Education Center in Ogden. Weber State University's colors are purple and white and their nickname is the Wildcats; the teams participate in NCAA Division I in the Big Sky Conference. The men's and women's basketball teams both play at the Dee Events Center. Additional athletic programs are men's and women's track and field, men's and women's golf, men's and women's tennis, women's soccer, dance and softball; when the University of Idaho and Boise State University left the Big Sky in 1996, Idaho State University in nearby Pocatello became Weber State's main rival in both football and basketball. Southern Utah University is the main in-state rival. Weber State has 17 club sports through Campus Recreation, including ice hockey and women's rugby, baseball, bowling, fencing, martial arts, rock climbing, snowboarding, weightlifting and lacrosse. Weber State University offers more than 250 certificate and degree programs in the performing arts, visual arts, science, applied science and technology and economics, education and behavioral sciences and the health professions.
Weber State University offers an integrated studies degree, allowing students to craft their own degrees by choosing three separate disciplines and integrating them in a single capstone thesis or project. Master's degrees are offered in accounting, athletic training, business administration, professional communication, computer engineering, criminal justice, English, radiologic sciences, health administration and taxation. WSU is divided into the following seven colleges: In addition to these primary colleges, the University offers several structured interdisciplinary programs; these include: Weber State University has an independent, student-run newspaper, The Signpost, published every Monday and Thursday, an online radio station, KWC
James E. Talmage
James Edward Talmage was an English chemist and religious leader who served as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1911 until his death. Talmage was born and raised in Hungerford, England on September 21, 1862, he was baptized into the LDS Church at age 10 on 15 June 1873. He moved with his family to Provo, Utah Territory, in 1876. In Provo, he studied the Normal Course at Brigham Young Academy, with Karl G. Maeser as one of his teachers. In 1881, Talmage received a collegiate diploma from BYA's Scientific Department, the first such diploma to be issued, his early predilection was for the sciences, in 1882 and 1883 he took selected courses in chemistry and geology at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Talmage was not a contender for a degree at Lehigh University, yet during his one year there he was able to pass every examination that a four-year course required, he in 1883 started advanced work at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.
Talmage served on the Provo City Council in 1888 and 1889. Talmage married Merry May Booth on 14 June 1888. Booth was a native of Alpine and the daughter of immigrants from Lancashire, she started studies at the normal school connected with BYA in 1885, when she was 16. It was there she met Talmage, one of her instructors. While at BYA, Booth was secretary of the Polysophical Society. After completing her course of normal study, May took a job as a teacher in Utah. A few months Talmage undertook a project to study the waters of the Great Salt Lake; the Talmages had eight children. Among their children was John Talmage, who wrote a biography of his father. Another of their children, Sterling B. Talmage, followed his father's interests and became a geologist. Talmage studied geology at Lehigh University and Johns Hopkins University, he received a B. S. degree from Lehigh University in 1891 and a Ph. D. from Illinois Wesleyan University for nonresident work in 1896. In the spring of 1884, while at Johns Hopkins, Talmage journaled about laboratory experiments involving the ingestion of hashish, reporting that interviews with users conducted by himself and two colleagues yielded different accounts of the experience.
Talmage noted that the ill effects of opium were unpleasant and had been well-documented, "ut the ill effects are reported low in the Haschich or Hemp administration. Thus, on three occasions, 22 March, 5 April, 6 April 1884, Talmage ingested increasing doses, he was an Associate of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain, or Victoria Institute. Talmage taught science at BYA both before and after he went to study in the eastern United States, he was the president of Latter-day Saints' University until 1894 and was president of the University of Deseret from 1894 to 1897. From 1897 to 1907, Talmage was a professor of geology at the University of Utah. In 1909, Talmage was serving as the director of the Deseret Museum, he went to Detroit, Michigan, in November of that year to participate in diggings connected with the Scotford-Soper-Savage relics craze. Talmage would go on to denounce these findings as a forgery in the September 1911 edition of the Deseret Museum Bulletin in an article entitled, "The Michigan Relics: A Story of Forgery and Deception".
Talmage's paternal grandfather was the first in his family to join the LDS Church. Though the church was small and unknown at the time of his birth in 1862, Talmage was born as a third-generation member of the church. For various reasons, Talmage was not baptized until he was ten years of age instead of the traditional eight years age, when most Latter-day Saint children are baptized. Before he was baptized, he became ill and his father believed the illness came as a result of him not being baptized at the proper age. Talmage's father made a promise with the Lord that if his son would recover, his father would make sure Talmage was baptized as soon as possible. Talmage recovered and was soon baptized on June 15, 1873. Talmage was the author of several religious books, including The Articles of Faith, The Great Apostasy, The House of the Lord, Jesus the Christ; these volumes remain in print and are still read in the LDS Church. Other books include treatises on the origins of the Book of Mormon, a dictionary of the Book of Mormon, a brief history of the church.
Talmage wrote the book Jesus the Christ by request of the church's First Presidency in 1905. They requested he compile his lectures about the life of Jesus Christ into a book that would be available to church members and other readers. At that time, Talmage had many responsibilities with his church callings, his family, his profession that kept him from starting the book but nearly ten years following an
Ogden is a city and the county seat of Weber County, United States 10 miles east of the Great Salt Lake and 40 miles north of Salt Lake City. The population was 84,316 in 2014, according to the US Census Bureau, making it Utah's 7th largest city; the city served as a major railway hub through much of its history, still handles a great deal of freight rail traffic which makes it a convenient location for manufacturing and commerce. Ogden is known for its many historic buildings, proximity to the Wasatch Mountains, as the location of Weber State University. Ogden is a principal city of the Ogden–Clearfield, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Weber, Morgan and Box Elder counties; the 2010 Census placed the Metro population at 597,159. In 2010, Forbes rated the Ogden-Clearfield MSA as the 6th best place to raise a family. Ogden has had a sister city relationship to Hof since 1954. Named Fort Buenaventura, Ogden was the first permanent settlement by people of European descent in what is now Utah.
It was established by the trapper Miles Goodyear in 1846 about a mile west of where downtown Ogden sits today. In November 1847, Captain James Brown purchased all the land now comprising Weber County together with some livestock and Fort Buenaventura for $3,000; the land was conveyed to Captain Brown in a Mexican Land Grant, this area being at that time a part of Mexico. The settlement was called Brownsville, after Captain James Brown, but was named Ogden for a brigade leader of the Hudson's Bay Company, Peter Skene Ogden, who had trapped in the Weber Valley a generation earlier. There is some confusion. A Samuel Ogden traveled though the western United States on an exploration trip in 1818; the site of the original Fort Buenaventura is now a Weber County park. Ogden is the closest sizable city to the Golden Spike location at Promontory Summit, where the First Transcontinental Railroad was joined in 1869, it was known as a major passenger railroad junction owing to its location along major east–west and north–south routes, prompting the local chamber of commerce to adopt the motto, "You can't get anywhere without coming to Ogden."
Railroad passengers traveling west to San Francisco from the eastern United States passed through Ogden. However, the national passenger rail system, no longer serves Ogden. Passengers who want to travel to and from Ogden by rail must travel via FrontRunner commuter rail to Salt Lake City and Provo. In 1972, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints completed construction of and dedicated the Ogden Utah Temple in Ogden; the temple was built to serve the area's large LDS population. In 2010, the LDS Church announced they would renovate the adjacent Tabernacle; the work which began in 2011 includes an update to the exterior, the removal of the Tabernacle's steeple to make the Temple's steeple a main focus and a new underground parking garage and gardens. The Temple was rededicated in 2014; because Ogden has been Utah's second largest city, it is home to a large number of historic buildings. However, by the 1980s, several Salt Lake City suburbs and Provo had surpassed Ogden in population; the Defense Depot Ogden Utah operated in Ogden from 1941 to 1997.
Some of its 1,128 acres have been converted into a commercial and industrial park called the Business Depot Ogden. Ogden is located at 41°13′11″N 111°58′16″W, at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of all land. Elevations in the city range from about 4,300 to 5,200 feet above sea level; the Ogden and Weber Rivers, which originate in the mountains to the east, flow through the city and meet at a confluence just west of the city limits. Pineview Dam is in the Ogden River Canyon 7 miles east of Ogden; the reservoir behind the dam provides over 110,000 acre feet of water storage and water recreation for the area. Prominent mountain peaks near Ogden include Mount Ogden to the east and Ben Lomond to the north. Ogden experiences a dry summer continental climate. Summers are hot and dry, with highs reaching 95 °F, with a few days per year reaching 100 °F. Rain is provided in the form of infrequent thunderstorms during summer between mid-July and mid-September during the height of monsoon season.
The Pacific storm season lasts from about October through May, with precipitation reaching its peak in spring. Snow first occurs in late October or early November, with the last occurring sometime in April. Winters are snowy, with highs averaging 37 °F in January. Snowfall averages about 40 inches, with 21.98 inches of precipitation annually. Extremes range from −16 °F, set on January 26, 1949, to 106 °F, set on July 14, 2002; as of the census of 2000, there were 77,226 people, 27,384 households, 18,402 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,899.2 people per square mile. There were 29,763 housing units at an average density of 1,117.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 79.01% White, 2.31% African American, 1.20% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 12.95% from other races, 2.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.64% of the population. There were 27,384 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present