Davis v. United States (1895)

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Davis v. United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Submitted October 30, 1895
Decided December 16, 1895
Full case name Davis v. United States
Citations 160 U.S. 469 (more)
16 S. Ct. 353; 40 L. Ed. 499; 1895 U.S. LEXIS 2370
Court membership
Chief Justice
Melville Fuller
Associate Justices
Stephen J. Field · John M. Harlan
Horace Gray · David J. Brewer
Henry B. Brown · George Shiras Jr.
Edward D. White
Case opinions
Majority Harlan, joined by unanimous

Davis v. United States, 160 U.S. 469 (1895), is a criminal case establishing that in a federal case, the prosecution bears the burden of proof of sanity if an insanity defense is raised.[1]:17 It is a common law ruling that sets precedent in federal court, but is not a constitutional ruling interpreting the United States Constitution, so does not preclude states from requiring defendants to prove insanity, even to the point of requiring defendants to prove insanity beyond a reasonable doubt, as in Leland v. Oregon (1951).[1]:17


  1. ^ a b Criminal Law - Cases and Materials, 7th ed. 2012, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business; John Kaplan, Robert Weisberg, Guyora Binder, ISBN 978-1-4548-0698-1, [1]

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