Yorkville is a neighbourhood and former village in Toronto, Canada. It is bounded by Bloor Street to the south, Davenport Road to the north, Yonge Street to the east and Avenue Road to the west, is considered part of "The Annex" neighbourhood officially. Established as a separate village in 1830, it was annexed into Toronto in 1883. Yorkville is diverse, comprising residential areas, office space, an array of shopping options. Within the Yorkville district is one of Canada's most exclusive shopping districts, anchored by the Mink Mile along Bloor Street. In 2006, Mink Mile was the 22nd most expensive street in the world, with rents of $208 per square foot. Yorkville had rents of $300 per square foot in 2008, making it the third most expensive retail space in North America. In 2008, the Mink Mile was named the seventh most expensive shopping street in the world by Fortune Magazine, claiming tenants can pull in $1,500 to $4,500 per square foot in sales. Founded in 1830 by entrepreneur Joseph Bloore and William Botsford Jarvis of Rosedale, the Village of Yorkville began as a residential suburb.
Bloore operated a brewery north-east of today's Church Street intersection. Jarvis was Sheriff of the Home District; the two purchased land in the Yorkville district, subdividing it into smaller lots on new side streets to those interested in living in the cleaner air outside of York. The political centre of Yorkville was the Red Lion Hotel, an inn, used as the polling place for elections, it is here that William Lyon Mackenzie was voted back into the Legislature for 1832 and a huge procession took him down Yonge Street. The village grew enough to be connected by an omnibus service in 1849 to Toronto. By 1853, the population of the village had reached 1,000, the figure needed to incorporate as a village and the Village of Yorkville was incorporated. Development increased and by the 1870s, Potter's Field, a cemetery stretching east of Yonge Street along the north side of Concession Road was closed, the remains moved to the Necropolis and Mount Pleasant cemetery. By the 1880s, the cost of delivering services to the large population of Yorkville was beyond the Village's ability.
It petitioned the Toronto government to be annexed. Annexation came on February 1, 1883, Yorkville's name changed from "Village of Yorkville" to "St. Paul's Ward" and the former "Yorkville Town Hall" became "St. Paul's Hall"; the character of the suburb did not change and its Victorian styled homes, quiet residential streets, picturesque gardens survived into the 20th century. In 1923, Toronto Hebrew Maternity and Convalescent Hospital was opened at 100 Yorkville Avenue and a year the name was changed to Mount Sinai Hospital; the facade of this building still stands housed retailer Chanel. In the 1960s, Yorkville flourished as Toronto's bohemian cultural centre, it was the breeding ground for some of Canada's most noted musical talents, including Joni Mitchell, Neil Young and Gordon Lightfoot, as well as then-underground literary figures such as Margaret Atwood, Gwendolyn MacEwen and Dennis Lee. Yorkville was known as the Canadian capital of the hippie movement. In 1968, nearby Rochdale College at the University of Toronto was opened on Bloor Street as an experiment in counterculture education.
Those influenced by their time in 1960s-70s Yorkville include cyberpunk writer William Gibson. Its domination by hippies and young people led MPP Syl Apps to refer to it as "a festering sore in the middle of the city" and call for its "eradication." Joni Mitchell captured a colorful impression of the nightlife scene on Yorkville Avenue in her song Night in the City. After the construction of the Bloor-Danforth subway, the value of land nearby increased as higher densities were allowed by the City's official plan. Along Bloor Street, office towers, the Bay department store and the Holt Renfrew department store displaced the local retail; as real estate values increased, the residential homes north of Bloor along Yorkville were converted into high-end retail, including many art galleries, fashion boutiques and antique stores, popular bars and eateries along Cumberland Street and Yorkville Avenue. Many smaller buildings were demolished and office and hotels built in the 1970s, with high-priced condominium developments being built in subsequent decades.
Along Bloor Street is located the "Mink Mile" shopping district. The street is lined on both sides of the street with office buildings with retail stores in the bottom one or two floors; the main streets of Avenue Road and Bay Street north of Bloor are developed. North of Bloor, on Yorkville and Cumberland streets, between the main arteries, the character changes to smaller buildings containing art galleries, first-floor retail and restaurants. Further north still are single-family detached and semi-detached homes dating to the 19th century. Yorkville has upscale shopping and the first five star hotel in Canada. Upscale boutiques include Burberry, Gucci, MAC Cosmetics, Hugo Boss, Hermès, Louis Vuitton, Holt Renfrew, Tiffany & Co. Escada, Ermenegildo Zegna, Harry Rosen, Calvin Klein, Cole Haan, Vera Wang, Ferrari, Williams-Sonoma and Olufsen, Betsey Johnson, Max Mara, Bulgari, Coach, Guerlain and others; the Holt Renfrew store on Bloor is the luxury retailer's flagship and largest store with four floors and boutiques.
Many flagships of other companies are located here as well, such as Harry Rosen, Town Shoes, Gucci and Chanel Browns Shoes opened on Bloor, with merchandise, much more expens
Etobicoke is an administrative district and former city that makes up the western part of Toronto, Canada. Etobicoke was first settled by Europeans in the 1790s. Several independent villages and towns developed within the area of Etobicoke, only to be absorbed into Etobicoke during the era of Metro Toronto. Etobicoke was dissolved in 1998, when it was amalgamated with other Metro Toronto municipalities into the City of Toronto. Etobicoke is bordered on the south by Lake Ontario, on the east by the Humber River, on the west by Etobicoke Creek, the city of Mississauga, Toronto Pearson International Airport, on the north by Steeles Avenue West. Etobicoke has a diversified population, it is suburban in development but heavily industrialized, resulting in a lower population density than the other districts of Toronto. Much of its cityscape is characterized by larger main streets, shopping malls, cul-de-sac housing developments. Etobicoke contains several expressways, including Highways 427, 401, 409, the Queen Elizabeth Way and Gardiner Expressway.
Etobicoke is the western terminus of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth of the Toronto subway and served by four suburban rail stations of GO Transit. Humber College is located in Etobicoke, encompassing two campuses, one of, home to the University of Guelph-Humber. Different groups of First Nations peoples used the land, now Etobicoke at different times; as the Algonquins moved west from the Atlantic to Lake Erie, it is certain that they would have occupied this land at some point. By the time they were settled on the shores of Georgian Bay, the Huron-Wendat were the primary residents of the north shore of Lake Ontario. During the 17th century they were pushed out by the powerful Haudenosaunee confederacy, made up of nations based to the south of the lake. After continued harassment from the Iroquois to the south, a coalition of the Ojibway and Potawatomi Algonquin nations, known as the Three Fires pushed the Haudenosaunee off this land; the Algonquian-speaking Mississaugas settled here by 1695, fishing and growing crops more locally in the summer and hunting farther afield in the winter.
The name "Etobicoke" was derived from the Mississauga word wah-do-be-kang, meaning "place where the alders grow". This was the way they described the area between the Humber River; the first provincial land surveyor, Augustus Jones spelled it as "ato-be-coake." Etobicoke was adopted as the official name in 1795 at the direction of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe. The British officials intended Etobicoke to be included in the Toronto Purchase of 1787. However, the Mississauga and government disagreed as to whether the western boundary of the purchase was the Humber River or the Etobicoke River; the Mississauga Indians allowed British surveyor Alexander Aitkin to survey the disputed land, the British paid an additional 10 shillings for the purchase, although the purchase was never formally agreed to. The dispute was settled between the Government of Canada and the Mississauga First Nation in 2010. Immigrants from the British Isles were among the new settlers, as well as Loyalists who had left the rebellious Thirteen Colonies, by the new United States.
Early settlers included many of the Queen's Rangers, who were given land in the area by Simcoe to help protect the new capital of Upper Canada and to develop this frontier area. In 1793-95, the Honourable Samuel Smith, a colonel in the Queen's Rangers, received land grants of 1,530 acres, extending from today's Kipling Avenue to Etobicoke Creek, north to Bloor Street; the first land patent was issued to Sergeant Patrick Mealey on March 18, 1797, for a plot on the west side of Royal York Road on Lake Ontario. This was part of the First Military Tract, or "Militia Lands", which extended from today's Royal York Road to Kipling Avenue, south from Bloor Street; the Crown was providing land to Loyalists in compensation for property they left behind in the US and to veterans of the American Revolution in payment for service. In other parts of Ontario, the Crown granted land to the Iroquoian First Nations who had served as allies during the war and were forced to cede most of their land in New York to the state.
The Crown granted more land to the members of the Queen's Rangers in the First Military tract, but most Rangers did not occupy their land. Many sold their acreage to others after a short time; the census of 1805 counted 84 people in the township of Etobicoke. In 1806, William Cooper built a grist mill and saw mill on the west bank of the Humber river, just south of Dundas Street; the 1809 census counted 137 residents. The Dundas Street bridge opened in 1816. On May 18, 1846, the Albion Road Company was incorporated, its purpose was to build and maintain a road to the north-west corner of Etobicoke, where a new community was planned. At the same time, John Grubb, who had founded Thistletown, hired land surveyor John Stoughton Dennis to plan a community at the intersection of Islington Avenue and Albion Road, to be named Saint Andrew's. Plan 6 for this community was registered on October 15, 1847; the French master of Upper Canada College, Jean du Petit Pont de la Haye, contracted land surveyor James McCallum Jr to create a plan for the community planned by the Albion Road Company, Plan 28 was registered for Claireville on October 12, 1849.
The township of Etobicoke was incorporated on January 1, 1850. The first meeting of the town council was held on January 21. Present at the meetin
Old Toronto is the retronym of the area contained within the original boundaries of Toronto, Canada, from 1834 to 1998. It was first incorporated as a city in 1834, after being known as the town of York, became part of York County. In 1954, it became the administrative headquarters for the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto; the city expanded in size by annexation of surrounding municipalities, reaching its final boundaries in 1967. In 1998, it was amalgamated with the other cities of Metropolitan Toronto; this was not a traditional annexation of the surrounding municipalities, but rather a new municipal entity, the successor of the original city. "Old Toronto" referred to Toronto's boundaries before the Great Toronto Fire of 1904, when much of city's development was to the east of Yonge Street. Since the amalgamation, the former city is variously referred to as the "former city of Toronto" or "Old Toronto." It is sometimes referred to as "downtown" or as "the core." Old Toronto has a population density of 8,210 people per square kilometre, which would rank it as the densest in Canada among cities with a population over 250,000 if it were still a separate city.
The former town of York was incorporated on March 6, 1834, reverting to the name Toronto to distinguish it from New York City, as well as about a dozen other localities named "York" in the province, to dissociate itself from the negative connotation of "dirty Little York", a common nickname for the town by its residents. The population was recorded in June 1834 at 9,252. In 1834, Toronto was incorporated with the boundaries of Bathurst Street to the west, 400 yards north of Lot Street to the north, Parliament Street to the east. Outside this formal boundary were the "liberties", land pre-destined to be used for new wards; these boundaries were today's Dufferin Street to the west, Bloor Street to the north, the Don River to the east, with a section along the lakeshore east of the Don and south of today's Queen Street to the approximate location of today's Maclean Street. The liberties formally became part of the city in 1859 and the wards were remapped. William Lyon Mackenzie, a Reformer, was Toronto's first mayor, a position he only held for one year, losing to Tory Robert Baldwin Sullivan in 1835.
Sullivan was replaced by Dr. Thomas David Morrison in 1836. Another Tory, George Gurnett, was elected in 1837; that year, Toronto was the site of the key events of the Upper Canada Rebellion. Mackenzie would lead an assault on Montgomery's Tavern, beginning the Upper Canada Rebellion; the attacks were ineffectual, as British regulars, the Canadian militia in Toronto went out to the rebel camp at Montgomery's Tavern and dispersed the rebels. Mackenzie and other Reformers escaped to the United States, while some rebel leaders, such as Samuel Lount and Peter Matthews, were hanged. Toronto would elect a succession of Tory or Conservative mayors, it was not until the 1850s that a Reform member would be mayor again. Shortly after the rebellion, Toronto was ravaged by its first great fire in 1849; the fire was one of two great fires to occur in the city, with the other occurring in 1904. In their efforts to control the city and its citizens, the Tories were willing to turn to extra-governmental tools of social control, such as the Orange Order in Canada.
As historian Gregory Kealey concluded, "Following the delegitimation of Reform after the Rebellions were suppressed, the Corporation developed into an impenetrable bastion of Orange-Tory strength." By 1844, six of Toronto's ten aldermen were Orangemen, over the rest of the 19th century, twenty of twenty-three mayors would be as well. A parliamentary committee reporting on the 1841 Orange Riot in Toronto concluded that the powers granted the Corporation made it ripe for Orange abuse. Orange influence dominated the emerging police force, giving it a "monopoly of legal violence, the power to choose when to enforce the law." Orange Order violence at elections and other political meetings was a staple of the period. Between 1839 and 1866, the Orange Order was involved in 29 riots in Toronto, of which 16 had direct political inspiration. At its height in 1942, 16 of the 23 members of city council were members of the Orange Order; every mayor of Toronto in the first half of the 20th century was an Orangeman.
This continued until the 1954 election when the Jewish Nathan Phillips defeated radical Orange leader Leslie Howard Saunders. The boundaries of Toronto remained unchanged into the 1880s. Toronto expanded into the west by annexing the Town of Brockton in 1884, the Town of Parkdale in 1889, properties west to Swansea by 1893. In the 1880s, Toronto expanded to the north, annexing Yorkville in 1883, The Annex in 1887, Seaton Village in 1888. In the 1900s, Toronto expanded again to the north, annexing Rosedale in 1905, Deer Park in 1908, the City of West Toronto and Wychwood Park in 1909, Dovercourt Park and Earlscourt in 1910, Moore Park and North Toronto in 1912. To the east, Toronto annexed Riverdale in 1884, a strip east of Greenwood in 1890, Town of East Toronto in 1908, an extension east to Victoria Park Avenue in 1909, the Midway in 1909. By 1908, the named wards were abolished, replaced by a simple numbering scheme of War
Dovercourt Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada situated north of Bloor Street between Christie Street to the east, the CPR railway lines to the north, Dufferin Street to the west. The Village of Dovercourt, located north of Dupont, was founded in the 1870s, its residents were poor immigrants from England living in dozens of one and two bedroom tar and paper shacks which resulted in the village being called a shantytown. The village was annexed by the old City of Toronto in 1910 along with the Earlscourt area. City services were extended to the neighbourhood helping stimulate its growth and development by 1923; the name Dovercourt comes from the name of the home of the Denison estate, located west of Dundas and Ossington. The neighbourhood contains a mixture of land-uses; the main thoroughfare of Bloor Street consists exclusively of mixed-use residential and commercial buildings. The Bloorcourt Village BIA posts its streetlamp banners on Bloor between Montrose; the buildings along Bloor Street are two or three stories tall, with retail commercial on the main floor, offices or rental housing on the remainder.
These converted residential structures are the oldest in the district and are in poor repair. Pigeon infestation remains an issue for tenants. At Dovercourt Road, a large, high-rise apartment complex houses lower-middle-income tenants on the southwest corner. Businesses on Dovercourt and Hallam, centred on the intersection of Dovercourt Road and Hallam Street have formed their own BIA, the'Dovercourt Village'; the boundaries stretch from Dupont south to east-west from Salem to Ossington Avenue. The residential area north of Bloor Street is single-family dwellings. Many of these structures have been converted into housing up to eight separate units. Side-streets increase in zoned density. Low and medium-rise apartments occupy the majority of these zones. To the north, between Dupont and Davenport, is post-industrial development. Limited manufacturing remains, although light automotive industries still exist. While the Canadian Pacific Railway operates a main line between the two thoroughfares, a large amount of former industrial space has been converted to loft condominia.
Some single-family rowhouses and low-income rental space has been created. The Bloor-Gladstone branch of the Toronto Public Library, dating from 1912, is situated at Bloor and Gladstone Avenue, one block east of Dufferin Avenue. From 2006 to 2009 the library was closed for renovation, it reopened to the public on July 23, 2009. For city demographics purposes the area is amalgamated with neighbouring areas to form Dovercourt-Wallace Emerson-Junction It is an ethnically diverse area. A majority of residents are fluent in Portuguese and English. A large Ethiopian population is present in the area. There are many shops along Bloor Street serving Ethiopian communities. In the 2006 Canadian census Dovercourt Park was covered by census tracts 0095.00 and 0096.00. According to that census, the neighbourhood has 8,497 residents, a 9.2% decrease from the 2001 census. Average income is $28,311, below the average for Toronto; the ten most common language native languages, after English, are: Portuguese - 13.1% Unspecified Chinese - 3.5% Spanish - 3.5% Italian - 3.4% Cantonese - 2.8% Greek - 1.5% Mandarin - 1.5% Vietnamese - 1.0% French - 0.8% Urdu - 0.7% Census Tract 0095.00 reported that the average income in 2006 was $27,597 and rose to $35,649 by 2011.
Additionally, the neighbourhood reported that the median income in 2006 was $20,322 while in 2011 it was $27,597. This meant that 46% of the populations in 2006 were below the median income in Canada, $27,258 while, in 2011 that number dropped to 35%. Census Tract 0096.00 reported a median income of $22,838 in 2006 and $23,721 in 2011, representing an increase of $883. Furthermore, the average income was $28,766 in 2006 and $34,228 in 2011. Compared to the average income of Canada, $40,650, over 68% of the population fell below the national average. For Census Tract 0096.00, Chinese people represented the largest visible minority group in 2006 and 2011. The second largest community in 2011 were Latin Americans. During the same period, the Filipino population tripled in size, which moved it from the fifth largest visible minority group to the third largest. South Asians represented the second largest visible minority group, but they decreased by one third, resulting in a drop to fourth place. Black people remained unchanged between both years.
Dovercourt Junior Public School is a public elementary school on Bartlett Avenue, north of Hallam. Essex Public School is a public elementary middle school on Essex Street, east of Shaw. Pauline Public School is a public elementary school on Pauline Avenue, north-west of Bloor and Dufferin. Lansdowne and Dufferin stations on the Bloor–Danforth line serve the neighbourhood; the Dufferin bus runs north-south from Dufferin station and the Ossington and Rogers Road bus lines run north from Ossington station. Dovercourt Toronto Neighbourhood Guide - Dovercourt Park Dovercourt-Wallace Emerson-Junction neighbourhood profile Tree Tour - Dovercourt Park
Eglinton Avenue is a major east-west arterial thoroughfare in Toronto and Mississauga, in the Canadian province of Ontario. The street begins at Highway 407 at the western limits of Mississauga, as a continuation of Lower Baseline in Milton, it ends at Kingston Road. The Toronto section was surveyed in the 19th century as the Fourth Concession Road, it was known as Richview Sideroad in Etobicoke and Lower Baseline in Mississauga. It was designated Highway 5A, in Scarborough. Eglinton Avenue runs through a number of neighbourhoods and is residential, for the most part, though it becomes a major commercial area from Allen Road to Don Mills Road; the Eglinton West or "Little Jamaica" area, which stretches from Oakwood–Vaughan to Keele Street, is home to a number of Caribbean and West Indian stores. Eglinton Avenue is one of the few east–west routes north of Bloor Street that crosses Toronto uninterrupted in a more or less straight line across the entire city. Eglinton was the only street to cross through all six of the municipalities that made up Metro Toronto: East York, North York, Scarborough and York.
The section between the Etobicoke Creek and Renforth Drive forms the city limits of Toronto and Mississauga. There are many notable landmarks along Eglinton Avenue. There are two sources for the naming of Eglinton Avenue. Henry Scadding in an early history of the city wrote that it originated from Eglinton Castle in Scotland, itself named for the Earls of Eglinton. Several early settlers, impressed by the Eglinton Tournament of 1839 hosted by the 13th Earl, named the hamlet developing in the area as the Village of Eglinton after the Earl. More is the humbler story that it was named by the tavern keeper John Montgomery who settled in the area in 1830 and named the village after the Earl of Eglinton of the Montgomerie family, to whom he believed he had a family connection; the wagon trail connecting to Yonge between the third and fourth concessions soon adopted the name of the village and was improved over the years near Yonge Street. In 1890, the area was incorporated as North Toronto, in 1912, it was annexed to Toronto itself.
In 1953, Metropolitan Toronto was formed. Seeking to build new connections to the developing suburbs, Metro widened and interconnected Eglinton to its current form through the decade; the eastern segment through Scarborough was known as Highway 5A between 1937 and 1953. The two pieces of "Highway 5A" were never connected. In 1953, what remained was renumbered as Highway 109; because of its time as a provincial highway, the road through Scarborough was widened considerably. A right of way was acquired to bridge the gap in Eglinton; until the mid-1950s, Eglinton did not cross either of the valleys of the Don River. The road resumed at Victoria Park Avenue; this break resulted in an eastern stub at Bermondsey Road signed as Old Eglinton Avenue. The Department of Highways relinquished control of Highway 109 to the newly formed Metro government. Metro built the new section of Eglinton Avenue, first between Dawes Road and Don Mills Road in 1955, between Don Mills Road and Leaside in 1956; the structure over the GO rail line and East Don River is known as the Harvey C.
Rose Bridge, honours the chief engineer of the Toronto and York Roads Commission the Metropolitan Toronto Commission of Roads. The western section ended at the Humber River until the 1970s. On the opposite side, Richview Sideroad followed the same alignment as far as the Toronto–Peel boundary. In 1943, city planner Norman Wilson indicated the possible future need for a new urban highway to connect Eglinton Avenue with the Richview Sideroad; these plans would mature into the Richview Expressway with the formation of Metropolitan Toronto in 1954. Part of the requirements for the Richview Expressway was a staged construction of a parallel arterial road; this was approved in 1963, construction began on Eglinton Avenue from west of Weston Road to Royal York Road. With its completion in 1970, the four-lane Richview Sideroad was renamed Eglinton Avenue West. In Toronto, the right-of-way to construct the Richview Expressway remains but the project has never come to fruition, save for high-speed ramps from Eglinton to Highway 401 and Highway 427 at that complicated interchange.
Local opposition has made the proposed expressway unlikely, though the land remains owned by the city. Once Line 5 Eglinton is completed by Metrolinx in 2021, the existing bus lanes on Eglinton between Black Creek Drive and Kennedy Road will be reduced, providing an opportunity to redesign the street. In 2014, the City of Toronto released a report proposing a redesign of the street to provide a four lane roadway over the underground LRT, with a three lanes between Avenue Road and Mount Pleasant Road; the variation in number of lanes is based on lower car traffic volumes near Yonge Street. Th
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Brockton Village is a former town, now the name of a neighbourhood, in Toronto, Canada. It comprises a section of the old Town of Brockton, annexed by the City of Toronto in 1884; the town encompassed the area from Bloor Street on the north, Dufferin Street on the east, High Park on the west and ranged from Queen Street, along Roncesvalles Avenue, Wright Avenue and Dundas Street to the south. The section south of the rail lines became part of the Village of Parkdale; the section to the west of Lansdowne has become better known as Roncesvalles, around Roncesvalles Avenue. In March 1812, Lot 30 in York Township, a 100 acres parcel of land, was granted to James Brock, a cousin of Sir Isaac Brock along with other parcels of land; this lot was a strip of land that stretched from Lot Street, today's Queen Street, north to Bloor Street, west of Dufferin Avenue. After Brock died, his widow Lucy Brock inherited his estate and she began selling the lands that Brock owned, she commissioned a roadway along its whole length.
The road, built in 1850, is known today as Brock Avenue. The lands of lot 30 were sub-divided for small land-holders and development occurred; this unincorporated settlement took on the name of Brockton. The developed area of Brockton grew to border High Park on the west, Dufferin on the east, Bloor on the north and the rail-lines to the south-west by the time it was incorporated as a village in 1876, it became an incorporated town in 1881. The incorporated town only lasted three years before it was annexed by the City of Toronto in 1884. From 1907 to 1956, the site was home to horse racing at Dufferin Racetrack; the track was closed and converted to a shopping plaza. The plaza, Dufferin Mall, is an enclosed shopping centre to the south of Bloor Street, on the west side of Dufferin Avenue, dominates shopping in the area with a large supermarket, department store and specialty stores. In the 1970s, the large parking lot was converted to a three-storey parking garage, the number of stores doubled in conjunction with the enclosure of the pedestrian space.
Brock Avenue was home to an outdoor National Rink, once considered for the new home of the Toronto Hockey Club but turned down as it was an outdoor facility. Over the last half of the 20th century, the area south of College Street saw the influx of Portuguese immigrants and is known as part of the Little Portugal neighbourhood. Today's'Brockton Village' encompasses that section north of the rail lines between Dufferin and Lansdowne, south of Bloor Street. Today, remnants of the former Brockton still exist, including its former town hall; the hall was converted to commercial usage, is located at the south-west corner of Dundas Street West and Brock Avenue. Until there was a Brockton High School, which closed. For a time it was used by the Royal Conservatory of Music but it is now vacant, it is located near Bloor Street. Four public school boards operate in Brockton Village, Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir, Conseil scolaire Viamonde, the Toronto Catholic District School Board, the Toronto District School Board.
TDSB is a secular public school board that operates one secondary school in the neighbourhood, Bloor Collegiate Institute. In addition to Bloor Street, TDSB operates three elementary schools, Brock Public School, Kent Senior Public School, Shirley Street Junior Public School. TCDSB is a separate public school board that operates one elementary school in the neighbourhood, St. Helen Catholic School. CSCM and CSV are French first language public school boards, the former being a separate school board, whereas the latter is a secular school board. Both school boards operate one secondary school in Brockton Village, CSCM operates École secondaire catholique Saint-Frère-André, while CSV operates École secondaire Toronto Ouest. Both schools share the same building used by West Toronto Collegiate Institute. BibliographyHarper, Stephen J.. A Great Game: The Forgotten Leafs & The Rise of Professional Hockey. Pictures of Brockton Dufferin Grove neighbourhood profile Little Portugal neighbourhood profile Roncesvalles neighbourhood profile