National Library of Australia
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library in Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the Australian people." In 2012–13, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, an additional 15,506 metres of manuscript material. It is located in Parkes, Canberra, ACT; the National Library of Australia, while formally established by the passage of the National Library Act 1960, had been functioning as a national library rather than a Parliamentary Library since its inception. In 1901, a Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was established to serve the newly formed Federal Parliament of Australia. From its inception the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was driven to development of a national collection. In 1907 the Joint Parliamentary Library Committee under the Chairmanship of the Speaker, Sir Frederick William Holder defined the objective of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library in the following words: The Library Committee is keeping before it the ideal of building up, for the time when Parliament shall be established in the Federal Capital, a great Public Library on the lines of the world-famed Library of Congress at Washington.
The present library building was opened on 15 August 1968 by Prime Minister John Gorton. The building was designed by the architectural firm of Bunning and Madden in the Late Twentieth Century Stripped Classical style; the foyer is decorated in marble, with stained-glass windows by Leonard French and three tapestries by Mathieu Matégot. The building was listed on the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 22 June 2004. In 2012–13 the Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, with an estimated additional 2,325,900 items held in the manuscripts collection; the Library's collections of Australiana have developed into the nation's single most important resource of materials recording the Australian cultural heritage. Australian writers and illustrators are sought and well represented—whether published in Australia or overseas; the Library's collection includes all formats of material, from books, journals and manuscripts to pictures, maps, oral history recordings, manuscript papers and ephemera.
92.1% of the Library's collection has been catalogued and is discoverable through the online catalogue. The Library has digitized over 174,000 items from its collection and, where possible, delivers these directly across the Internet; the Library is a world leader in digital preservation techniques, maintains an Internet-accessible archive of selected Australian websites called the Pandora Archive. The Library collects material produced by Australians, for Australians or about the Australian experience in all formats—not just printed works—books, newspapers, posters and printed ephemera—but online publications and unpublished material such as manuscripts and oral histories. A core Australiana collection is that of John A. Ferguson; the Library has particular collection strengths in the performing arts, including dance. The Library's considerable collections of general overseas and rare book materials, as well as world-class Asian and Pacific collections which augment the Australiana collections.
The print collections are further supported by extensive microform holdings. The Library maintains the National Reserve Braille Collection; the Library houses the largest and most developing research resource on Asia in Australia, the largest Asian language collections in the Southern hemisphere, with over half a million volumes in the collection, as well as extensive online and electronic resources. The Library collects resources about all Asian countries in Western languages extensively, resources in the following Asian languages: Burmese, Persian, Japanese, Korean, Manchu, Thai and Vietnamese; the Library has acquired a number of important Western and Asian language scholarly collections from researchers and bibliophiles. These collections include: Australian Buddhist Library Collection Braga Collection Claasz Collection Coedes Collection London Missionary Society Collection Luce Collection McLaren-Human Collection Otley Beyer Collection Sakakibara Collection Sang Ye Collection Simon Collection Harold S. Williams Collection The Asian Collections are searchable via the National Library's catalogue.
The National Library holds an extensive collection of manuscripts. The manuscript collection contains about 26 million separate items, covering in excess of 10,492 meters of shelf space; the collection relates predominantly to Australia, but there are important holdings relating to Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and the Pacific. The collection holds a number of European and Asian manuscript collections or single items have been received as part of formed book collections; the Australian manuscript collections date from the period of maritime exploration and settlement in the 18th century until the present, with the greatest area of strength dating from the 1890s onwards. The collection includes a large number of outstanding single items, such as the 14th century Chertsey Cartulary, the journal of James Cook on the HM Bark Endeavour, inscribed on t
Outsider (1997 film)
Outsider is a film produced in 1997 in Slovenia by writer and director Andrej Košak. The film was selected as the Slovenian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 70th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee; the film takes place in the 1980 in the former Yugoslavia. It covers issues such as the former Yugoslav punk rock scene and drug use in the year when Josip Broz Tito died; the story begins in autumn 1979 when Sead Mulahasanović, whose father was a Warrant Officer of Yugoslav People's Army moved to Ljubljana and started attending one of the local secondary schools. He joined local punkers who formed a band; because punk rock in Yugoslavia was not tolerated some of them fell into trouble. Authorities were on high alert because Tito got ill and was admitted to University Medical Centre Ljubljana. Sead spent a lot of time with his new friends because his father was devoted only to the army and wanted Sead to join the army school to become an officer or a pilot. Sead fell in love with Metka, a girl from his class, so he began spending his time with her.
Several things occurred: one of his friends was beaten by the Police and put to prison, he was punished by his father for not being devoted enough to the ideas of socialism, Metka got pregnant and they were again forced to move, so Sead should leave his life behind and start it anew. He didn't hold out any more and committed suicide - coincidentally it happened on the day when Tito died. Outsider was the top grossing Slovenian film until Branko Đurić's film Kajmak in marmelada. Davor Janjić.... Sead Mulahasanović'Sid' Nina Ivanič.... Metka Hafner Uros Potočnik.... Borut Kadunc'Bomba' Jure Ivanušič....'Podgana' Zijah Sokolović.... Zastavnik Haris Mulahasanović Miranda Caharija.... Marija Mulahasanović Demeter Bitenc.... Direktor List of submissions to the 70th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Slovenian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Outsider on IMDb
Milky Way (2000 film)
Milky Way is a 2000 Bosnian film directed by Faruk Sokolović. Žan Marolt - Mujo Hrle Gordana Boban - Sena Dragan Bjelogrlić - Ale Selma Alispahić - Anka Davor Janjić - Josip Nada Đurevska - Fata Ante Vican - Stjepan Ada Sokolović - Dalila Hana Sokolović - Denis Ivo Gregurević - Službenik Nebojša Veljović - Prodavac Milky Way on IMDb
Life Is a Miracle
Life Is a Miracle is a Serbian drama film directed by Emir Kusturica in 2004. It was entered into the 2004 Cannes Film Festival; the film opens just as construction has been completed on a railway connecting a mountainous regions of eastern Bosnia and western Serbia in 1992. Luka, a Serbian engineer, has moved to Bosnia from Belgrade with his mentally unstable wife and his football-playing son, Miloš, to run a railway station and act as caretaker. Luka is at work preparing the opening of the railway while Miloš attempts to become a professional footballer with the Partizan team. Utterly engrossed in his work and blinded by natural optimism, Luka remains deaf to the persistent rumblings of war, which has broken out in Croatia and threatens to spread; when the conflict explodes, Miloš is denied his place on the football field when he is enlisted into the Serbian army, Jadranka disappears on the arm of a Hungarian musician. Luka receives news that Miloš has been taken prisoner of war. Luka considers suicide, but a profiteering acquaintance presents him with Sabaha, a Bosnian Muslim whom he has taken hostage.
Luka intends to exchange Sabaha for Miloš, but the two fall in love after they are forced to flee deeper into Serb-controlled territory. When a UN-enforced prisoner exchange is arranged and Sabaha try to escape to Serbia, but Sabaha is wounded by a Bosnian sniper as they attempt to cross the Drina river. Army nurses narrowly manage to save Sabaha's life, she is exchanged for Miloš, along with other prisoners. Jadranka returns, the family is reunited in their old home, but Luka is lovesick, he lies down in front of a train, but when the train stops to avoid running over a mule, it is revealed that Sabaha is on board, the two ride away on the mule. Slavko Štimac – Luka Nataša Šolak – Sabaha Vesna Trivalić – Jadranka Vuk Kostić – Milos Aleksandar Berček – Veljo Stribor Kusturica – Captain Aleksic Nikola Kojo – Filipovic Mirjana Karanović – Nada Branislav Lalević – President Obrad Djurović – Vujan List of most expensive Serbian films Drvengrad Life Is a Miracle on IMDb Life Is a Miracle at AllMovie Life Is a Miracle at Rotten Tomatoes Life Is a Miracle at Box Office Mojo
Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 110,979 inhabitants. Tuzla is the economic, educational and tourist centre of northeast Bosnia, it is home to two universities. It is the main industrial machine and one of the leading economic strongholds of Bosnia with a wide and varied industrial sector including an expanding service sector thanks to its salt lake tourism; the city of Tuzla is home to Europe's only salt lake as part of its central park and has more than 350,000 people visiting its shores every year. The history of the city goes back to the 9th century. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tuzla is regarded as one of the most multicultural cities in the country and has managed to keep the pluralist character of the city throughout the Bosnian War and after, with Bosniaks, Croats and a small minority of Bosnian Jews residing in Tuzla; the name "Tuzla" is the Ottoman Turkish word for salt mine and refers to the extensive salt deposits found underneath the city.
Archaeological evidence suggests. Being inhabited continuously for more than 6,000 years, Tuzla is one of the oldest European sustained settlements. During the period of the Roman Republic, Tuzla was ruled by the Illyrian tribe Breuci; the city was first mentioned in 950 by Constantine Porphyrogenitus in his De Administrando Imperio as a fort named Salines. The name Soli was used in the Middle Ages, it means "salts" in Bosnian and the city's present name means "place of salt" in Ottoman Turkish. During the Middle Ages it belonged to the medieval Kingdom of Bosnia. After the fall of the kingdom to the Ottoman Empire in 1463, the region was controlled by the House of Berislavić before the Ottomans occupied the villages of "Gornje Soli" and "Donje Soli" around 1512, took control of the entire Usora in the 1530s, it remained under Ottoman rule for nearly 400 years, where it was administered as part of the Sanjak of Zvornik. In 1878 it was annexed by Austria-Hungary. After the dissolution of the monarchy it became the part of the newly formed Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
The Husino uprising took place in 1920. During the Second World War, Tuzla was included in the puppet Independent State of Croatia and controlled by the Muslim Hadžiefendić Legion of the Croatian Home Guard. Tuzla was among the first areas in Europe to be liberated, when Tito's Yugoslav Partisans freed it from the German occupiers on 2 October 1943. Many members of the Legion deserted to the Partisans at this time. In December 1944, the city was unsuccessfully attacked by Chetnik forces of Draža Mihailović along with the Serbian State Guard. After the war it developed into a major industrial and cultural centre during the Communist period in the former Yugoslavia. In the 1990 elections the Reformists won control of the municipality being the only municipality in Bosnia where non-nationalists won. During the Bosnian war for independence between 1992–95 the town was the only municipality not governed by the SDA party-led authorities. After Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence and was recognized by the United Nations the city was besieged by Serbian forces.
A few days Serbian forces attacked Tuzla. The town was not spared the atrocities of the Bosnian War; the 1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla was a conflict between Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the 92nd Motorized Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army on 15 May 1992. The incident occurred at the road junction of Brčanska Malta during JNA’s agreed withdrawal from the city when the skirmish between forces loyal to the Bosnian government and the withdrawing JNA occurred. At least 50 members of the JNA were killed and 44 wounded during the attacks. On 25 May 1995, an attack on Tuzla killed 71 people and injured 200 persons in what is referred to as the Tuzla massacre, when a shell fired from Serb's positions on the Ozren mountain hit the central street and its promenade; the youngest civilian who died in that massacre was only two years old. Following the Dayton Peace Accords, Tuzla was the headquarters of the U. S. forces for the Multinational Division during Operation Joint Endeavour IFOR and subsequent SFOR.
In February 2014 the city was the scene of the beginning of the 2014 unrest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which spread to dozens of cities and towns throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is located in the northeastern part of Bosnia, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range, on the Jala River; the central zone lies in an east-west oriented plain, with residential areas in the north and south of the city located on the Ilinčica and Gradina Hills. It is 237 metres above sea level; the climate is moderate continental. There are abundant coal deposits in the region around Tuzla. 6 coal mines continue to operate around the city. Much of the coal mined in the area is used to power the Tuzla Power Plant, the largest power plant in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Extractions of the city's salt deposits in the 20th century, have caused sections of the city center to sink. Structures in the "sinking area" either collapsed or were demolished, there are few structures in the city that predate the 20th century, despite the fact that the city was founded over 1000 years ago.
In the northeastern part of the town is an area known as Solina, named after the salt deposits. Tuzla is the only city in Europe that h
A Little Bit of Soul (1987 film)
A Little Bit of Soul is a 1987 Bosnian television dramedy film written by Ranko Božić and directed by Ademir Kenović. A bitter coming-of-age story about a boy who grows up in a remote Bosnian village shortly after World War II. Branko Đurić – Ibrahim Zaim Muzaferija – Jusuf Boro Stjepanović – Poštar/Mailman Snježana Sinovčić – Hanifa Saša Petrović – Latif Branka Bajić – Senada Davor Janjić – Nihad A Little Bit of Soul was filmed in 1986. A Little Bit of Soul on IMDb
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC