Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a
Starlink: Battle for Atlas
Starlink: Battle for Atlas is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Toronto and published by Ubisoft. It was released for the Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One on October 16, 2018; the game features optional toys-to-life elements. The game is set in the Atlas star system. Early on in the game, the player's mothership, Equinox, is ambushed by the Forgotten Legion and crashes on a nearby planet; the Legion's leader, Grax, is obsessed with an extinct race called the Wardens, who left much of their ancient technology behind. Grax, who wants to use such technology for his own legion, acts as a constant threat that the player must face throughout their journey. Exclusive to the Nintendo Switch version, is the cross over of the Star Fox series, where Fox McCloud, Falco Lombardi, Peppy Hare, Slippy Toad provide aid to the main Starlink characters while on their mission to hunt down Wolf O'Donnell. Starlink: Battle for Atlas is an action-adventure game third-person perspective set in the Atlas star system.
Players venture into different parts of the Atlas system, meet with different alien species and form alliances with them in order to build a crew. Forming these alliances changes the game’s world state, which changes the gameplay experience. In the game, the player can use their spaceships to explore the open Atlas system. Split-screen multiplayer mode is featured in the game, allowing two players to explore the space and planets together. All ships can take off into space, skim on planet's surface; the transition between space and planet surface is described as "seamless". Each planet has their own landscape, hazards and fauna that may become a threat to the player; the player can engage in both space- and land-based combat with enemies using spaceships. These spaceships can be extensively customized with different parts. Wings and spacecraft modules can be swapped at will; the player is encouraged to experiment with different combinations of weapons as different enemies react differently to attacks.
Pilots are present and have special abilities that can be utilized in combat. For instance, one type of pilot can slow down time. There are 4 types of pilots. While the game can be played digitally, the game features toys-to-life elements in which the player can buy toys, which are ship components, for the game; the player can place their toys on a custom controller mount, their digital counterpart will appear on-screen. When the player swaps the components of their real-life toy ships, its counterpart will reflect such changes instantly; each ship has two points. Purchasing a physical part unlocks its digital counterpart, meaning that the player does not have to use the toys and the controller mount to play the game; the Nintendo Switch version contains exclusive missions featuring Fox McCloud of the Star Fox series. Ubisoft released a unique Starter Pack for each console; the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One editions share the exact same physical starter kit. Along with the controller mount and poster, the kit includes main character pilot Mason Rana, the Zenith starship and three weapons — Shredder and Frost Barrage.
The Nintendo Switch Starter Pack includes Fox McCloud and his Arwing starship instead of the Zenith starship and Shredder weapon. The only way to buy the Zenith starship and Shredder weapon physical counterparts is via a PlayStation 4 or Xbox One Starter Pack. Ubisoft released six Starship Packs, four Weapon Packs, four Pilot Packs outside of the Starter Packs; as the game's sales failed to meet Ubisoft's expectations, the company halted the release of new toys starting from the release of the Spring update. The game was developed by Ubisoft Toronto for Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One. Development for the game begun after the CEO of Ubisoft Yves Guillemot assigned the team to create a new game which mixes "breakthrough technology and innovative gameplay". Shortly after, a small team of 10 developers began brainstorming different ideas and pitching it to the developers; the team came up with the idea of creating a new toys-to-life game, this idea was approved by Guillemot. The team soon began prototyping the technology of a Starlink spaceship, which includes exposed wires and duct tape.
Nonetheless, it received an enthusiastic reaction from the team and they soon began working on creating the Atlas system, which set the game's foundation as an open world game. While the game was intended for kids aged between 8 and 11, the team changed the target audience to include a wider age group after seeing the positive reaction from parents who have watched their children playing the game; the game features a two-player cooperative multiplayer mode as the team thought that it will be interesting to see players exchanging parts for their ships during play. According to the game's producer, Matthew Rose, the team "never want to tell kids they're being creative wrong". Therefore, the team allowed players to combine all parts including having the wings of the spacecraft placed upside down and the weapons facing backward; the toys-to-life technology featured in Starlink was developed in-house by Ubisoft Toronto. To ensure that the game is consumer-friendly, this aspect of the game was made optional, meaning that players can play the game digitally without purchasing any of the toys.
Critics commented on the timing. It was during the time where popular toys-to-life titles including Skylanders and Disney Infinity were winding down. According to Laurent Malville, the game's creative director, the team believed that the game had enough innovation to
Charmed is an American fantasy drama television series created by Constance M. Burge and produced by Aaron Spelling and his production company Spelling Television, with Brad Kern serving as showrunner; the series was broadcast by The WB for eight seasons from October 7, 1998, until May 21, 2006. The series narrative follows a trio of sisters, known as The Charmed Ones, the most powerful good witches of all time, who use their combined "Power of Three" to protect innocent lives from evil beings such as demons and warlocks; each sister possesses unique magical powers that grow and evolve, while they attempt to maintain normal lives in modern-day San Francisco. Keeping their supernatural identities separate and secret from their ordinary lives becomes a challenge for them, with the exposure of magic having far-reaching consequences on their various relationships and resulting in a number of police and FBI investigations throughout the series; the series focuses on the three Halliwell sisters, Prue and Phoebe.
Following Prue's death in the third-season finale, their long-lost half sister Paige Matthews assumes her place within the "Power of Three" from season four onwards. Charmed achieved a cult following and popularity on The WB with its first episode "Something Wicca This Way Comes" garnering 7.7 million viewers, breaking the record for the network's highest-rated debut episode. The show's ratings, although smaller than rival shows on the "big four" networks, were a success for the new and smaller WB network. Charmed went through several timeslot changes during its eight-season run. For its first three seasons in the Wednesday/Thursday 9:00 pm timeslot, Charmed was the second-highest rated series on The WB, behind 7th Heaven. During its fifth season, the show moved to the Sunday 8:00 pm timeslot, where it became the highest-rated Sunday night program in The WB's history. At 178 episodes, Charmed was the second-longest drama broadcast behind 7th Heaven. In 2006, it became the longest running hour-long television series featuring all female leads, before being surpassed by Desperate Housewives in 2012.
The series has received numerous awards and nominations. In 2010, The Huffington Post and AOL TV ranked Charmed within their joint list of "The Top 20 Magic/Supernatural Shows of All Time," while in 2013, TV Guide listed the series as one of "The 60 Greatest Sci-Fi Shows of All Time." Charmed has become a source of pop culture references in film and television and has influenced other succeeding television series in the same subgenre. The show's success has led to its development in other media, including a video game, board games, novels, a comic book series which served as a continuation of its narrative. According to data research from The NPD Group in 2012, Charmed was the second-most binge watched television series on subscription video-on-demand services, such as Netflix. A reboot premiered on The CW on October 14, 2018; the series starts when Phoebe Halliwell returns from New York and moves back into the family's Halliwell Manor in San Francisco to live with her sisters Prue and Piper.
When Phoebe discovers the family's Book of Shadows in the attic, she learns that she and her sisters are the most powerful witches known, destined to protect both innocents and the world at large from demons and other evil creatures. Phoebe, reasonably suspecting the book to be a novelty, reads its initial inscription—unaware that it happens to be an incantation activating the sisters' supernatural powers once all three are reunited in their ancestral home. By the end of the first episode, each sister learns that she has a unique magical power and that they can each cast spells and brew potions. Prue, the eldest, has the power of telekinesis, in season two she develops the power of astral projection. Piper, the middle sister, has the power to "freeze" people and objects in time; as she grows more proficient, she learns how to freeze only certain people or objects or body parts, as she wishes. In season three, her powers evolve further, as she is able to cause evil beings or objects to explode using her hands.
Phoebe, the youngest of the three possesses the power of premonition allowing her to receive visions of the future and of the past. She develops the powers of levitation in season three, empathy in season six, the latter allowing her to sense and tap into others' emotions and, powers. In accordance with the series' mythology, witches' powers are tied to their emotions. During the first two seasons, the sisters face various evil beings from week to week. However, in the third season, they discover that their ultimate enemy is The Underworld's demonic ruler, The Source of All Evil. Prue is killed in the season three finale by The Source's personal assassin, Shax. While grieving for their older sister and Phoebe discover that they have a younger half-sister, Paige Matthews, the secret love child of their witch mother and her whitelighter Sam Wilder. Paige's magical abilities represent her dual heritage as both a whitelighter; as she attempts to control the two sides of her ancestry, Paige learns how to orb herself and others, to heal others with the touch of her hand.
Nigeria the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean; the federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country. Nigeria has been home to states over the millennia; the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, it experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Nigeria is referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18; the country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa and Yoruba. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided in half between Christians, who live in the southern part of the country, Muslims, who live in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities; as of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.
The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. However, it has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC; the name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator; the origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.
The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD 200, producing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem–Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa; the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city under Nri influence; the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.
The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo; the Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria. Benin's power lasted between the 19th centuries, their dominance reached further. At the beginning of the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio directed a successful jihad and created and led the centralised Fulani Empire; the territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria. For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa. Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western and northern Africa. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lago
"Lighthouse" is the fifth television episode of the American Broadcasting Company's sixth season of the serial drama television series Lost and 108th episode overall. The episode aired on February 23, 2010, on ABC in the United States and 2 hours earlier on A in Canada due to the 2010 Winter Olympics; the episode was written by showrunners and executive producers Damon Lindelof and Carlton Cuse and was directed by Jack Bender. Jack Shephard is the character centered on this episode. In 2007, the ghost of Jacob instructs Hugo "Hurley" Reyes to bring Jack Shephard to an unspecified place. Meanwhile, Jin-Soo Kwon finds Claire Littleton after 3 years of disappearance, but begins to question her sanity. In the "flash-sideways", Jack deals with the issues of parenthood. Following the events of the season premiere, "LA X", Jack Shephard arrives late to pick up his son, from school. David is shown to be distant from his father. Jack visits his mother to help find Jack's father's will. Jack and his mother discuss David.
She suggests that David is "terrified" of Jack, just as Jack was afraid of his father as a child, recommends Jack ask David about this. They find the will, but are confused to see Claire Littleton included in it. Jack returns home to find. Jack goes to David's mother's house. Jack goes to the conservatory where David is performing a stunning interpretation of Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu on the piano. Jack runs into Dogen, another parent at the event, who praises David's skill and believes he has a gift. Afterward, David admits. Jack explains his complicated relationship with his father and reassures his son that he can never be a disappointment to him. Following the events of the episode "What Kate Does", at the Others' temple, Hugo "Hurley" Reyes is approached by the ghost of the deceased Jacob, who tasks Hurley on a mission to lead Jack to an unspecified location on the island in order to aid the arrival of someone en route to the island. Hurley has free rein to complete the mission because he is a candidate and Dogen cannot stop him.
Hurley uses the phrase "you have" to recruit Jack. Along the way and Hurley encounter Kate Austen, who tells them that she will neither return to the temple nor go with them, but continue her search for Claire. Jack and Hurley pass through the caves, encountering the "Adam & Eve" skeletons and Jack's father's coffin. Hurley speculates. Jack and Hurley arrive at a lighthouse, at the top of, a large dial and a series of mirrors lined up; each notch on the dial has a name listed next to it, corresponding to the surnames and numbers seen in "The Substitute". Hurley begins to move the dial to 108 degrees as instructed by Jacob, but Jack turns the dial to the 23 mark, where his own surname is listed, revealing Jack's childhood home in the reflection, he angrily interrogates Hurley, unable to answer any of his questions since he cannot control when Jacob appears to him, leading Jack to destroy the mirrors. Outside, Jacob reappears to Hurley. Hurley realizes that Jacob did not want them to send a signal from the lighthouse, but instead needed Jack to see into the mirror and realize that he is important to the Island.
Jacob divulges that he needed to get Jack and Hurley away from the temple because "someone bad" was coming there. At the same time, Jin-Soo Kwon is rescued by Claire from her trap, taking him and an injured Other, Justin, to her hideout. Claire reveals she's been living on the island in the 3 years since Jin and everyone else's departure, she treats Jin's leg injury and threatens to kill Justin unless he tells her the location of her son Aaron. Justin helplessly says that he has no idea where the Others never kidnapped him. Claire believes that the Others have her baby because both her father and "her friend" told her so. Jin informs her. Claire murders Justin, claiming he would do the same to her given the chance. Jin claims that he was lying about Aaron earlier, leading Claire to say she would have killed Kate if it were true. Claire's "friend", who turns out to be the Man in Black impersonating John Locke, shows up as Jin and Claire discuss how to return to the temple; the episode received positive reviews.
Metacritic awarded a score of 71 out of 100. This was down on the previous week's episode, which scored an 88 out of 100. Chris Carbot of IGN gave the episode a positive review, saying "Lighthouse isn't filled with the wall-to-wall excitement of last week's Locke-centric story but it still has plenty of great moments and surprising revelations." Overall, he gave the episode a score of 8.8. Noel Murray of The A. V. Club praised the episode, gave the episode a grade of A-. Jeff Jensen of Entertainment Weekly gave the episode a positive review as well, stating "tonight's episode, “Lighthouse
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa
Cracked (Canadian TV series)
Cracked is a Canadian police crime drama television series which aired from January 8 to November 25, 2013 on CBC Television. The series was created by writer Tracey Forbes and Toronto Emergency Task Force officer Calum de Hartog, was executive produced by Peter Raymont and Janice Dawe of White Pine Pictures, it premiered on January 8, 2013, aired new episodes through November 25, 2013. Cracked follows the newly formed Psych Crimes Unit within a Canadian police department led by experienced ETS officer Detective Aidan Black; this unique team of police officers and psychiatrists respond to bizarre and frightening crises and solve compelling cases involving disturbed criminals and witnesses. David Sutcliffe as Detective Aidan Black, involved in two fatal shootings that were deemed clean and justifiable in the following inquiries, after multiple psych evaluations, which were inconclusive but did show symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. After suffering from a public breakdown he is reassigned to the new Psych Crimes and Crisis Unit and partnered with Dr. Ridley, a partner without a badge or gun whom he doesn't yet trust, but is determined to.
Unbeknown to him, his supervisor, Inspector Caligra, asks Dr. Ridley to diagnose him and she diagnoses him as not broken, but "Cracked". Before the start of the show Aidan was in a relationship with Detective Liz Liette. In episodes 4 -- 5 the two sleep together leading Aidan to believe. Liz tells him there is no future for them but Aidan says it isn't true because Liz still has his key. At the end of episode 5 she leaves the key at his apartment. Stefanie von Pfetten as psychiatrist Dr. Daniella Ridley, helping to design the Psych Crimes and Crisis Unit with Inspector Caligra after leaving her prestigious position at St. Stephen's Hospital following a relationship and break-up with the Chief of Psychiatry, Dr. McCray. Following Detective Black's reassignment, she is asked to keep an eye on him. Daniella struggles with keeping an eye on Aidan for Caligra up until episode 10 when during a hearing Aiden finds out. Aidan feels betrayed and requests a new partner. For the rest of the season Daniella is Poppy Wisnefski's partner until the last episode where they began to mend the relationship.
In episode 6 it is revealed Daniella had a son at 16 that she gave up for adoption, something she has been dealing with in therapy. In the first episode of season 2 it is revealed that Daniella has made contact with her son and would not be returning. Luisa D'Oliveira as Detective Poppy Wisnefski, a young, impatient officer whose motives for being on the team are career-related as it is "one step up to homicide", she only has brothers as siblings. She has spent her life trying to prove. Dayo Ade as Leo Beckett, a compassionate psychiatric nurse from inner-city emergency rooms and urban mental hospitals, he is Detective Wisnefski's partner. Karen LeBlanc as Inspector Diane Caligra. After becoming concerned with Aiden Black and recognising he has symptoms of PTSD but not wanting to waste him as a police officer, she transfers him to the unit and asks Dr. Ridley to "watch" over him. Mayko Nguyen as Homicide Detective Liz Liette, Aidan's long-term ex-girlfriend and colleague. After getting upset at how distant he was and his emotional inaccessibility, she moved out.
Paul Popowich as Dr. Sean McCray, Chief of Psychiatry at St. Stephen's Hospital, where Dr. Ridley used to work, he and Dr. Ridley were in a dysfunctional relationship. Brooke Nevin as psychiatrist Dr. Clara Malone, a new addition to the Psych Crimes unit; the series was announced in May as part of CBC's autumn and winter schedule, which featured only three new shows and Murdoch Mysteries moving from Citytv to CBC. Principal photography began in Toronto in July 2012; the theme music is performed by Wintersleep and is titled "Weighty Ghost". The show was selected as a MIPCOM Hot Pick in October 2012. On April 2, 2013, CBC renewed Cracked for a second season, which began airing September 30, 2013, with the season premiere entitled "Swans". On May 22, 2013, Brooke Nevin was unveiled as the new psychiatrist, Dr. Clara Malone, who would join the cast for Season Two. On March 17, 2014, CBC cancelled the series due to government budgetary cuts after losing the Hockey Night in Canada rights to Rogers Media and Sportsnet.
Season One stars David Sutcliffe as Detective Aidan Black, a seasoned officer who transfers from the Emergency Task Force to the Psych Crimes and Crisis Unit after struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder. Black and Ridley are the lead team in a newly formed Psych Crimes Unit where they are joined by Poppy Wisnefski, a young cop cynical beyond her years, played by Luisa D'Oliveira, a compassionate psychiatric nurse, Leo Beckett, played by Dayo Ade. Together they combine police investigative skills and psychiatric insight to resolve crises and solve crimes. Brooke Nevin joined the cast for Season Two as psychiatrist Dr. Clara Malone. On October 4, 2012, White Pine Pictures announced that they secured the program sale of the series to Astral's Québec fiction channel Séries+ pre-MIPCOM. On January 15, 2013, they announced the sale of the series by German distributor BetaFilm to Canal+ in France. Cracked went to air on the