Jeffery Lamar Williams, known professionally as Young Thug, is an American rapper and songwriter. Known for his eccentric vocal style and fashion, he first received attention for his collaborations with rappers Rich Homie Quan, Birdman, Cash Out, Shawty Lo and Gucci Mane. Young Thug released a series of independent mixtapes beginning in 2011 with I Came from Nothing. In early 2013, he signed with Gucci Mane's 1017 Records, that year he released his label debut mixtape 1017 Thug to critical praise. Young Thug received mainstream recognition in 2014 with the singles "Stoner" and "Danny Glover" in addition to appearances on several singles, including T. I.'s "About the Money" and Rich Gang's "Lifestyle." That year, he signed to Lyor Cohen's 300 Entertainment and collaborated on the mixtape Rich Gang: Tha Tour Pt. 1. In 2015, he released a number of mixtapes, including Barter 6 and two installments of his Slime Season series; these were followed in 2016 by the commercial mixtapes I'm Up, Slime Season 3, Jeffery.
In 2018, he released a compilation album Slime Language showcasing the artists he has signed to his own label YSL Records. Young Thug is known for his feature on the hit song "Havana" by pop singer Camila Cabello; the song was a commercial success reaching number one in multiple countries, including the US where it hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in January 2018, becoming Young Thug's first number one single. Young Thug was awarded the Grammy Award for Song of the Year at the 61st Annual Grammy Awards for his songwriting contributions to "This Is America" along with Donald Glover and Ludwig Göransson. Jeffery Lamar Williams was born in the tenth of eleven children, he is from Sylvan Hills, a neighborhood in Atlanta, grew up in the Jonesboro South projects. Other rappers from the neighborhood include Waka Flocka Flame, 2 Chainz and Williams's childhood friend PeeWee Longway, from whom Williams lived four doors down. Young Thug has told interviewers that he got expelled in the sixth grade for breaking a teacher's arm.
He was sent to juvenile prison for four years. Young Thug began his musical career in 2010, debuting as a guest appearance on rapper TruRoyal's song "She Can Go". After releasing the first three installments of his mixtape series I Came from Nothing throughout 2011 and 2012, Young Thug caught the attention of fellow Atlanta-based rapper Gucci Mane, who went on to sign Young Thug to his label 1017 Brick Squad Records, an Asylum/Atlantic imprint, in 2013. Thug subsequently released his first project on the label, his fourth mixtape, 1017 Thug; the mixtape was met with positive reviews from music critics. 1017 Thug was included in a number of year-end lists for 2013, such as the Pitchfork Albums of the Year: Honorable Mention and Complex's The 50 Best Albums of 2013. FACT called it the best mixtape of 2013, Rolling Stone placed it at number five on their 10 Best Mixtapes of 2013 and The Guardian placed it among The Five Best Mixtapes of 2013. Young Thug's song "Picacho" was noted as one of the standout tracks from the mixtape.
In July 2013, Complex included him in their list of 25 New Rappers to Watch Out For. In October 2013, Young Thug released his commercial debut single "Stoner"; the song spawned a number of unofficial remixes by several rappers, including Wale, Jim Jones, Iamsu! and Trick-Trick, among others. Thug expressed his disapproval for the remixes, commenting "If you feel like my song isn't tough enough to the point where you have to freestyle... Don't think I'm happy that you're doing it because of who you are. I'm ready for war." His song "Danny Glover" received a number of remixes by Waka Flocka Flame and Nicki Minaj, among others. In October 2013, Young Thug appeared on a few tracks on 19 & Boomin by Metro Boomin, including "Some More", the first song he made with Alex Tumay, who became his go-to engineer for everything from until "Slime Season 2". In December 2013, Thug performed at Fool's Gold Day Off show in Miami, among Danny Brown, Trick Daddy and Travis Scott. Pitchfork ranked 1017 Thug as one of the best albums of the first half of the 2010s decade, at number 96.
On January 18, 2014, Young Thug revealed that he had been offered $8.5 million to sign to Future's Freebandz record label. In March 2014, Young Thug's affiliation with Cash Money Records and its chief executive officer Birdman, resulted in much speculation in the media about him signing to the label. However, the label's publicist stated this was untrue. On March 28, 2014, Ronald "Caveman" Rosario, director of Urban Music at 1017 Distribution, cleared the situation, stating that Young Thug signed a management deal with Birdman's Rich Gang, not a record deal, is still signed to 1017 Brick Squad. In 2014, Thug recorded several songs with Kanye West, who praised him for his ability to make songs so fast. Thug announced that he had upcoming mixtapes with Chief Keef and Bloody Jay. Young Thug would go on to be featured on the March 2014 cover of The Fader. On March 11, 2014, his debut single "Stoner", was serviced to rhythmic contemporary radio in the United States by Asylum and Atlantic Records. On March 24, 2014, Thug stated his debut album would be titled Carter 6, referencing the acclaimed Tha Carter album series by American hip hop superstar Lil Wayne, the biggest influence in Young Thug's music career.
Two days it was revealed that Young Thug was working on a collaborative album with American record producer Metro Boomin, t
Terrence Richardson is an American fashion and portrait photographer. He has shot advertising campaigns for Marc Jacobs, Supreme, Tom Ford, Yves Saint Laurent among others, done work for magazines such as Rolling Stone, GQ, Vanity Fair, Harper's Bazaar, i-D, Vice. Since 2001, Richardson has been accused by multiple models of sexually assaulting or exploiting them during fashion shoots. In 2017, brands and magazines that had worked with Richardson in the past began distancing themselves from him, said they would no longer employ him. In January 2018, it was reported that Richardson is under investigation by the NYPD's Special Victims Squad in relation to multiple sexual assault allegations. Richardson was born in New York City, the son of Norma Kessler, an actress, Bob Richardson, a fashion photographer who struggled with schizophrenia and drug abuse. Richardson's father was Irish Catholic and his mother is Jewish. Following the divorce of his parents, Richardson moved to Woodstock, New York, with his mother and stepfather, English guitarist Jackie Lomax.
Richardson moved to the Hollywood neighborhood of Los Angeles, where he attended Hollywood High School. He moved with his mother to Ojai, where he attended Nordhoff High School, when he was 16. Richardson wanted to be a punk rock musician rather than a photographer, he played bass guitar in the punk rock band The Invisible Government for four years. He played bass for a variety of other punk bands in Southern California including Signal Street Alcoholics, Doggy Style, Baby Fist and Middle Finger. Richardson's mother gave him his first snapshot camera in 1982, which he used to document his life and the punk rock scene in Ojai. In 1992, Richardson quit music and moved to the East Village neighborhood of New York City, where he began photographing young people partying and other nightlife, it was in New York City that he had his first "big break." His first published fashion photos appeared in Vibe in 1994. His Vibe spread was shown at Paris' International Festival de la Mode that year. Following the showing, Richardson shot an advertising campaign for fashion designer Katharine Hamnett's spring 1995 collection.
The campaign was noted for images of young women wearing short skirts with their pubic hair showing. Richardson moved to London and worked for the magazines The Face, i-D and Arena. Throughout his career, Richardson has shot the campaigns of fashion brands and designers such as: Marc Jacobs, Supreme, Tom Ford, Yves Saint Laurent, he has worked for magazines such as Rolling Stone, GQ, Vanity Fair, Harper's Bazaar. Richardson has produced several campaigns for Diesel, including the'Global Warming Ready' which won a Silver Lion for Print at Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival in 2007, he has produced several private portraits for Renzo Rosso. In September 2011, they hosted a mutual book launch together with fashion editor Carine Roitfeld, at Colette in Paris. In 2012 Richardson embarked on his first solo exhibition at Los Angeles's OHWOW Gallery, titled Terrywood. In May 2012, a video of model Kate Upton performing the Cat Daddy dance for Richardson in his studio went viral. In December 2012, Lady Gaga announced.
Vice co-founder Gavin McInnes defended Richardson in 2004, saying his work was criticized by "first-year feminist types." Richardson held his first gallery showing in 1998. The show, entitled These Colors Don't Run and held at Alleged Gallery, coincided with the release of his first book entitled Hysteric Glamour, his work was included in another show entitled Smile at Alleged Gallery. Richardson had his first Paris show at Galarie Emmanuel Perrotin in 1999. Richardson's "Feared by Men Desired by Women" was shown at an exhibition at London's Shine Gallery the following year. Terryworld, an exhibition of Richardson's work of the name, was shown in 2004 at Deitch Gallery in New York City; the Orange County Museum of Art showed Richardson's work as part of a group show entitled Beautiful Losers in 2005. Mom + Dad, a show exhibiting work from Richardson's book of the same name, was held at Half Gallery in New York City in 2011; the same year, photographs from Richardson's book Hong Kong were shown at Art Hong Kong.
Richardson's work was shown at Los Angeles's OHWOW Gallery. The exhibition was titled Terrywood and ran from February 24 to March 31, 2012. Richardson has directed music videos since the late 1990s, he directed videos for Death in Vegas and Primal Scream as well as alternate music video of the song "Find a New Way" by the band Young Love and Whirlwind Heat's "Purple" featuring models Susan Eldridge and Kemp Muhl. He directed the music video for "Red Lips" by Sky Ferreira, he makes a cameo appearance in Thirty Seconds to Mars's video for "Hurricane". The music video for "Oldie" by Odd Future was recorded during a photoshoot with Richardson and was published on March 20, 2012. Richardson can be seen in the video snapping photos of the collective while they party and play in front of a large white backdrop. On August 29, 2013 he directed Beyoncé in a music video at Coney Island for her single "XO", he directed "Wrecking Ball" by Miley Cyrus. In late 2013 Richardson did the treatment on the music video for "Do What U Want" by Lady Gaga and R. Kelly from her third studio album titled Artpop, but the film was never released.
On August 21, 2017, Terry Richardson directed a new Anitta music video, "Vai Malandra", at Vidigal. There are several repeating themes in Richardson's work, notably that of putting high-profile celebrities in mundane situations and photographing them using traditionally pedestrian methods, su
Barbara Kruger is an American conceptual artist and collagist. Most of her work consists of black-and-white photographs, overlaid with declarative captions, stated in white-on-red Futura Bold Oblique or Helvetica Ultra Condensed text; the phrases in her works include pronouns such as "you", "your", "I", "we", "they", addressing cultural constructions of power and sexuality. Kruger lives and works in New York and Los Angeles. Kruger was born into a lower-middle-class family in New Jersey, her father worked as a chemical technician for her mother was a legal secretary. She graduated from Weequahic High School, she left after one year due to the death of her father. After spending a year at Syracuse University, in 1965, she went on to pursue a semester at Parson's school of Design in New York. Over the next ten years, Kruger established herself whilst pursuing graphic design for magazines, freelance picture editing, as well as designing book jackets. By the 1960s, Kruger gained interest in poetry, began attending poetry readings and writings.
Kruger studied art and design with Diane Arbus and Marvin Israel at Parsons School of Design in New York. Kruger soon obtained a design job at Condé Nast Publications. There after, Kruger was awarded the head designer for that following year, she worked as a designer at Mademoiselle and moved on to work part-time as a picture editor at House and Garden and other publications. She wrote film and music columns for Artforum and Real Life Magazine at the suggestion of her friend Ingrid Sischy. Kruger's earliest works date back to 1969; these works were large wall hangings made out of different materials such as yarn, sequins and ribbons. These pieces represented the feminist recuperation of craft during this period. Kruger crocheted and painted bright-hued and erotically suggestive objects, some of which were included by curator Marcia Tucker in the 1973 Whitney Biennial, they were inspired by Magdalena Abakanowicz's show at the Museum of Modern Art. Although some of these works were included in the Whitney Biennial, Kruger became detached and unsatisfied with her working output.
In 1976 she took a break from making what had become more abstract works, feeling that her work had become meaningless and mindless. She moved to Berkeley, California where she taught at the University of California and became inspired by the writings of Walter Benjamin and Roland Barthes. In 1977 she returned to artmaking, working with her own architectural photographs and publishing an artist's book, Picture/Readings, in 1979, she was inspired to photograph architecture from her family "looking at family homes could never afford."At the beginning of her art career, she was intimidated to enter New York galleries due to the art scene, an atmosphere that, to her, did not welcome "particularly independent, non-masochistic women." However, she received early support for her projects from groups such as the Public Art Fund that encouraged her to continue art making. She switched to her modern practice of collage in the early 80's. Addressing issues of language and sign, Kruger has been grouped with such feminist postmodern artists as Jenny Holzer, Sherrie Levine, Martha Rosler, Cindy Sherman.
Like Holzer and Sherman, in particular, she uses the techniques of mass communication and advertising to explore gender and identity. Kruger is considered to be part of the Pictures Generation. Much of Kruger's work pairs found photographs with pithy and assertive text that challenges the viewer, her method includes developing her ideas on a computer transferring the results into images. Examples of her recognizable slogans read "I shop therefore I am," and "Your body is a battleground," appearing in her trademark white letters against a red background. Much of her text calls attention to ideas such as feminism and individual autonomy and desire appropriating images from mainstream magazines and using her bold phrases to frame them in a new context. Kruger has said that "I work with pictures and words because they have the ability to determine who we are and who we aren't." A larger category that threads through her work is the appropriation and alteration of existing images. In describing her use of appropriation, Kruger states: Pictures and words seem to become the rallying points for certain assumptions.
There are assumptions of truth and falsity and I guess the narratives of falsity are called fictions. I replicate certain words and watch them stray from or coincide with the notions of fact and fiction, her poster for the 1989 Women's March on Washington in support of legal abortion included a woman's face bisected into positive and negative photographic reproductions, accompanied by the text "Your body is a battleground." A year Kruger used this slogan in a billboard commissioned by the Wexner Center for the Arts. Twelve hours a group opposed to abortion responded to Kruger's work by replacing the adjacent billboard with an image depicting an eight-week-old fetus. Kruger's early monochrome pre-digital works, known as'paste ups', reveal the influence of the artist's experience as a magazine editorial designer during her early career; these small scale works, the largest of, 11 x 13 inches, are composed of altered found images, texts either culled from the media or invented by the artist. A negative of each work was produced and used to make enlarged versions of these initial'paste ups'.
Between 1978 and 1979, she completed "Picture/Readings," simple photographs of modest houses alternating with panels of words. From 1992 on, Kruger designed several magazine covers
Shalom Harlow is a Canadian model and actress. She gained prominence as a fashion model in the early 1990s, went on to appear on six American Vogue covers between 1993 and 1997, she has appeared in advertisements and on runways for fashion houses such as Chanel, Alexander McQueen, Marc Jacobs, Salvatore Ferragamo and Versace. She is considered an "anti-supermodel", hosted MTV's House of Style alongside her friend and fellow model Amber Valletta, she has appeared in films such as Out and How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days. In 2007, she was listed by Forbes as thirteenth in the list of the World's 15 Top-Earning Supermodels. Harlow was born in Oshawa, the daughter of Sandi Herbert and David Harlow, her mother named her Shalom, meaning "Hello" in Hebrew. Her father held several jobs as a social worker, real estate agent and financial investor while her mother, Sandi Herbert, worked with mentally challenged adults, her parents allowed her to experience growing up in a'hippie community just outside Toronto' and the family spent time at their family cottage, built by her great-great grandfather.
She has two younger brothers and Nathan. Early on, Harlow took up ballet which she decided was not for her as she claimed in a 2008, New York Times article, "My rebellious nature always comes out." She instead became interested in tap dancing. Harlow was discovered at a The Cure concert in Toronto and started modeling straight out of high school, she has since appeared on numerous magazine covers and top runway shows, appeared in movies and co-hosted MTV's House of Style with fellow supermodel Amber Valletta. She was the long-time favorite model for many designers who found that her look translated well between commercial and couture, she is the first winner of Vogue/VH1's Model of the Year Award, winning it in 1995. Harlow is the spokesperson for Chanel's Coco fragrance. In July 2007, she earned an estimated total of $2 million over the previous 12 months, Forbes named her thirteenth in the list of the World's 15 Top-Earning Supermodels, she has appeared on the covers of magazines such as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar, Marie Claire, W, V, Allure.
Harlow has walked the runways for Prada, Christian Dior, Dolce & Gabbana, John Galliano, Anna Sui, Gianfranco Ferré, Karl Lagerfeld, Calvin Klein, Balmain, Max Mara, Chloé, Isaac Mizrahi, Hermés, Dries Van Noten, Yves Saint Laurent, Alberta Ferretti, Jil Sander, Marc Jacobs, Salvatore Ferragamo, Alexander McQueen, Louis Vuitton, Zac Posen, Jean Paul Gaultier, Giles Deacon, Stella McCartney, Alexander Wang, Michael Kors, Viktor & Rolf. She has appeared in advertising campaigns for Yves Saint Laurent, Alberta Ferretti, Dolce & Gabbana, Max Mara, DKNY, Ralph Lauren, Anne Klein, Jil Sander, Ann Taylor, Chloé, Isaac Mizrahi, Max Azria, Giorgio Armani, Valentino, Jil Sander, Lancôme, Perry Ellis, Saks Fifth Avenue, Banana Republic, L'Oréal. In & Out, Sonya Cherry, Leila Sweet Head Over Heels, Jade Vanilla Sky, Colleen The Salton Sea, Nancy Happy Here and Now, Muriel How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days, Judy Green I Love Your Work, Charlotte Melinda and Melinda, Joan Game 6, Paisly Porter The Last Romantic, Christy Tipilton Alvin and the Chipmunks, Maid House of Style, Co-host When I Was a Girl The Jury, Melissa Greenfield 1998 Pirelli Calendar, June Shalom Harlow on IMDb Shalom Harlow at FMD Shalom Harlow @ AskMen.com
Lee Alexander McQueen, CBE was a British fashion designer and couturier. He worked as chief designer at Givenchy from 1996 to 2001, founded his own Alexander McQueen label in 1992, his achievements in fashion earned him four British Designer of the Year awards, as well as the CFDA's International Designer of the Year award in 2003. McQueen died by suicide at the age of 40, at his home in Mayfair, London. Born on 17 March 1969 in Lewisham, London, to Scottish taxi driver Ronald and social science teacher Joyce, McQueen was the youngest of six children, it was reported that he grew up in a council flat, but, in fact, the McQueens moved to a terraced house in Stratford in his first year. McQueen attended Rokeby School and left aged 16 in 1985 with one O-level in art, going on to complete a course in tailoring at Newham College and serve an apprenticeship with Savile Row tailors Anderson & Sheppard, before joining Gieves & Hawkes and the theatrical costumiers Angels and Bermans; the skills he learned as an apprentice on Savile Row helped earn him a reputation in the fashion world as an expert in creating an impeccably tailored look.
While serving his apprenticeship, McQueen attended the Rosetta Art Centre led by Yvonne Humble, who wrote his reference that saw him go straight on to the MA fashion course at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design. Because of the strength of his portfolio, Bobby Hillson, the Head of the Masters course at St Martins, encouraged McQueen to enroll as a student, he received his master's degree in fashion design and his 1992 graduation collection was bought in its entirety by influential fashion stylist Isabella Blow, said to have persuaded McQueen to become known as Alexander when he subsequently launched his fashion career. Isabella Blow paved the way for Alexander McQueen using her unique style and contacts to help him, she was in many ways his mentor. It was during this period that McQueen relocated to Hoxton, which housed other new designers, including Hussein Chalayan and Pauric Sweeney, it was shortly after creating his second collection,"McQueen's Theatre of Cruelty", that McQueen met Katy England, his soon to be "right hand woman", when outside of a "high profile fashion show" trying to "blag her way in".
He promptly asked her to join him for his third collection, "The Birds" at Kings Cross, as "creative director". Katy England continued to work with McQueen thereafter influencing his work – his "second opinion". McQueen designed the wardrobe for David Bowie's tours in 1996-1997, as well as the Union Jack coat worn by Bowie on the cover of his 1997 album Earthling. Icelandic singer Björk sought McQueen's work for the cover of her album Homogenic in 1997. McQueen directed the music video for her song "Alarm Call" from the same album and contributed the iconic topless dress to her video for "Pagan Poetry". McQueen collaborated with dancer Sylvie Guillem, director Robert Lepage and choreographer Russell Maliphant, designing wardrobe for theater show "Eonnagata", directed by Robert Lepage; the film "Sylvie Guillem, on the edge" produced by French production company A DROITE DE LA LUNE, traces whole history of the creation of the show, from first rehearsals which took place in Quebec until world premiere, held in 2008 at Sadler's Wells theatre in London.
McQueen's early runway collections developed his reputation for controversy and shock tactics, with trousers aptly named "bumsters" and a collection titled "Highland Rape". In 2004, journalist Caroline Evans wrote of McQueen's "theatrical staging of cruelty", in 032c magazine, referring to his dark and tortured renderings of Scottish history. McQueen was known for his lavish, unconventional runway shows: a recreation of a shipwreck for his spring 2003 collection. McQueen's "bumsters" spawned a trend in low rise jeans. Michael Oliveira-Salac, the director of Blow PR and a friend of McQueen's said, "The bumster for me is what defined McQueen." McQueen became known for using skulls in his designs. A scarf bearing the motif was copied around the world. McQueen has been credited with bringing extravagance to the catwalk, he used new technology and innovation to add a different twist to his shows and shocked and surprised audiences. The silhouettes that he created have been credited for adding a sense of fantasy and rebellion to fashion.
McQueen became one of the first designers to use Indian models in London. Upon arrival at Givenchy, McQueen insulted the founder by calling him "irrelevant", his first couture collection with Givenchy was unsuccessful, with McQueen telling Vogue in October 1997 that the collection was "crap". McQueen toned down his designs at Givenchy, but continued to indulge his rebellious streak, causing controversy in autumn 1998 with a show which included double amputee model Aimee Mullins striding down the catwalk on intricately carved wooden legs; this year saw McQueen complete one of his most famous runway shows previewing Spring/Summer 1999, where a single model, Shalom Harlow, graced the runway in a strapless white dress, before being rotated on a revolving section of the catwalk whilst being sprayed with paint by two robotic guns. Givenchy designs released by Vogue Patterns during this period may be credited to the late designer. McQueen received press attention after the May 2007 suicide of international style icon Isabella Blow.
Rumours were published th
London College of Communication
London College of Communication, UAL is a constituent college of the University of the Arts London, located in Elephant and Castle. Natalie Brett is Head of College, it has 5,000 students on 50 courses in media and screen preparing students for careers in the creative industries. Courses cover diploma and postgraduate level. Multi-media convergence now influences LCC’s specialist areas, including graphic design and advertising, photography and animation, journalism and public relations, sound arts and design and interactive and spatial design. LCC is made up of three specialist schools, Design School, Media School and, as of 2017, Screen School, all based at its Elephant and Castle site. In 1894 the Saint Bride Foundation Institute Printing School opened in Saint Bride Lane as a social and cultural centre, housing both a technical library and printing school to provide tuition for local printers and students. At the same time another of LCC's forebears, the Guild and Technical School, opened in Clerkenwell Road, moving the follow year to 6 Bolt Court.
It became the Bolt Court Technical School and was rebuilt in 1911. It was renamed London County Council School of Lithography. In 1921 the Westminster Day Continuation School opened, becoming the School of Retail Distribution 1929; the class about to graduate in 1939 were called up and sent back to the Stamford Street building where they spent the war years making glass scale graticule to fit into various types of optical gunsights, submarine periscope lenses and the like. In 1949 Bolt Court and the London School of Printing merged forming the London School of Printing and Graphic Arts. In 1962 this was renamed the London College of Printing and moved to a new campus at Elephant & Castle; the North Western Polytechnic printing department merged with LCP in 1969. In 1985 the London Institute was formed and had taught degree awarding powers approved by Privy Council in 1993 with research degree awarding powers in 2002; the College of Distributive Trades merged with LCP in 1990 becoming the London College of Printing and Distributive Trades, renamed the London College of Printing in 1996.
In 2003 the London Institute was granted university status as the University of the Arts London with LCP becoming London College of Communication in 2004. LCC has extensive exhibition space and television studios, interactive media and animation suites and print newsrooms as well as specialist printing, printmaking and letterpress workshops. In 2007, the college became the home of the University Archives and Special Collections Centre which holds the Stanley Kubrick Archive and the Tom Eckersley collection among other film and graphic design related archives and collections. Since 2005 the LCC has hosted the annual Hugh Cudlipp lecture. LCC had student protests and sit-ins in November 2009, as students expressed anger over proposed course closures and staff redundancies. About 100 students tried to occupy the office of Sandra Kemp, head of the college at that time, in protest over lack of supervision for dissertations. Students occupied a lecture theatre and private security guards tried to remove protesting students.
This failed when a member of academic staff questioned their right to touch the students and police were summoned who prevailed upon the protesters to leave the building. Several students faced disciplinary action, including suspension; the director of the university's course in public relations resigned over the proposed cutbacks, saying that there weren't enough staff. Much of the teaching was supplied by sessional lecturers on short-term contracts, A member of the teaching staff said that sackings resulted in cancelled lectures and students left without dissertation supervisors. In 2011 an inquiry by the Quality Assurance Agency into restructuring at the LCC, found standards were so badly affected by course closures that some students’ marks were raised to compensate; the report follows complaints by students relating to restructuring, including claims that quality had been'severely compromised' and that those studying were not informed of the plans before enrolment. The investigation is the first of its kind and is the QAA’s revised “whistleblower” process for investigating concerns about academic standards and quality.
The decision to investigate the complaints followed closure of 16 courses and 26 full-time redundancies. In addition to its existing Design School and Media School, LCC opened a Screen School at its Elephant and Castle site in early 2017; the Dean of Screen is cinematographer Larra Anderson. Launched by David Puttnam, LCC's Screen School covers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in film, games, sound arts and design and live events. In 2018 LCC announced the launch of an MA in Virtual Reality, one of the first of its kind in Europe; the MA Virtual Reality course launched in October 2018, with a BA Virtual Reality course set to start in autumn 2019. Among the alumni of the college are Tracy Brabin, Labour Co-operative MP for Batley and Spen and former Coronation Street actor.
Katherine Matilda Swinton is a British actress. She blockbusters, she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the 2007 film Michael Clayton. She won the BAFTA Scotland Award for Best Actress for the 2003 film Young Adam, has received three Golden Globe Award nominations. Swinton began her career in experimental films, directed by Derek Jarman, starting with Caravaggio, followed by The Last of England, War Requiem, The Garden. Swinton won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the Venice Film Festival for her portrayal of Isabella of France in Edward II, she next starred in Sally Potter's Orlando, was nominated for the European Film Award for Best Actress. Swinton was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for her performance in The Deep End, she followed this with appearances in Vanilla Sky, Constantine, I Am Love. She won the European Film Award for Best Actress and received a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for the psychological thriller We Need to Talk About Kevin.
She is known for her performance as the White Witch in the Chronicles of Narnia series. Her other film appearances include Female Perversions, The War Zone, The Beach, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Burn After Reading, Moonrise Kingdom, Only Lovers Left Alive, The Grand Budapest Hotel, Trainwreck, A Bigger Splash, Doctor Strange and Suspiria. Swinton was given the Richard Harris Award by the British Independent Film Awards in recognition of her contributions to the British film industry. In 2013, she was given a special tribute by the Museum of Modern Art. Katherine Matilda Swinton was born on 5 November 1960 in London, the daughter of Judith Balfour and Sir John Swinton, she has three brothers. Her father was a retired major general in the British Army, was Lord Lieutenant of Berwickshire from 1989 to 2000, her mother was Australian. Her paternal great-grandfather was a Scottish politician and herald, George Swinton, her maternal great-great-grandfather was the Scottish botanist John Hutton Balfour.
The Swinton family is an ancient Anglo-Scots family. The family is one of only three British families that can trace their unbroken land ownership and lineage to before the Norman Conquest. Swinton attended three independent schools: Queen's Gate School in London, the West Heath Girls' School, Fettes College for a brief period. West Heath was an expensive boarding school where she was a classmate and friend of Lady Diana Spencer; as an adult, Swinton has spoken out against boarding schools, stating that West Heath was "a lonely and isolating environment" and that she thinks boarding schools "are a cruel setting in which to grow up and I don't feel children benefit from that type of education. Children need their parents and the love parents can provide." Swinton went to volunteer in Kenya during a break from college with an educational gap year charity called Project Trust. In 1983, Swinton graduated from New Hall at the University of Cambridge with a degree in Social and Political Sciences. While at Cambridge, she joined the Communist Party.
It was in college. Swinton joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1984, she worked with the Traverse Theatre in Edinburgh, starring in Mann ist Mann by Manfred Karge in 1987. On television, she appeared as Julia in the 1986 mini-series Zastrozzi: A Romance based on the Gothic novel by Percy Bysshe Shelley, her first film was Caravaggio in 1986, directed by Derek Jarman. She went on to star in several Jarman films, including The Last of England, War Requiem opposite Laurence Olivier, Edward II, for which she won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the 1991 Venice Film Festival. Swinton performed in a performance art piece, Volcano Saga, by Joan Jonas in 1989; the 28-minute video art piece is based on a thirteenth-century Icelandic Laxdeala Saga, it tells a mythological myth of a young woman whose dreams tell of the future. Swinton played the title role in Orlando, Sally Potter's film version of the novel by Virginia Woolf; the part allowed Swinton to explore matters of gender presentation onscreen which reflected her lifelong interest in androgynous style.
Swinton reflected on the role in an interview accompanied by a striking photo shoot. "People talk about androgyny in all sorts of dull ways," said Swinton, noting that the recent rerelease of Orlando had her thinking again about its pliancy. She referred to 1920s French artist and playful gender-bender Claude Cahun: "Cahun looked at the limitlessness of an androgynous gesture, which I've always been interested in."Recent years have seen Swinton move towards more mainstream projects, including the leading role in the American film The Deep End, in which she played the mother of a gay son she suspects of killing his boyfriend. For this performance, she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award, she appeared as a supporting character in the films The Beach, featuring Leonardo DiCaprio, Vanilla Sky, as the archangel Gabriel in Constantine. Swinton has appeared in the British films The Statement and Young Adam. In 2005, Swinton performed as the White Witch Jadis, in the film version of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, an