DeKalb County, Alabama

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DeKalb County, Alabama
DeKalb County Alabama Courthouse 20120329.jpg
DeKalb County courthouse in Fort Payne
Map of Alabama highlighting DeKalb County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded January 9, 1836
Named for Johan DeKalb
Seat Fort Payne
Largest city Fort Payne
Area
 • Total 779 sq mi (2,018 km2)
 • Land 777 sq mi (2,012 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017) 71,617
 • Density 92/sq mi (36/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.dekalbcountyal.us

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 28 on Alabama Licence Plates

DeKalb County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,109,[1] its county seat is Fort Payne[2] and it is named after Major General Baron Johan DeKalb.

History[edit]

DeKalb County was created by the Alabama legislature on January 9, 1836,[3] from land ceded to the Federal government by the Cherokee Nation, it was named for Major General Baron Johann de Kalb, a hero of the American Revolution.[4]

DeKalb County was the one time home of the famous Cherokee Native American Sequoyah.

The county's eastern edge, along the state line, was also the epicenter of an earthquake on April 29, 2003, measuring 4.6 on the Richter scale. Power was knocked out in the area, mirrors and pictures thrown to the floor, foundations cracked, and one chimney fell to the ground, it was felt over a significant portion of the southeastern states, including quite strongly in northeastern Alabama and neighboring northwestern Georgia, and nearby eastern Tennessee (especially near Chattanooga). It was also felt slightly in western upstate South Carolina, far west-southwestern North Carolina, south and southeastern Kentucky, and east-northeastern Mississippi.

On the whole, DeKalb County is a dry county; in 2005, a change in local laws enabled Fort Payne to become the only location in the county to allow the legal sale of alcohol.[5] Collinsville later allowed alcohol sales.

DeKalb County saw one of the highest death tolls in Alabama during a massive tornadic system in April 2011, the 2011 Super Outbreak, with 31 deaths reported in the county.

Geography[edit]

The "Old Union" or "Tallahatchie" covered bridge crosses the Little River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 779 square miles (2,020 km2), of which 777 square miles (2,010 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,929
1850 8,245 39.1%
1860 10,705 29.8%
1870 7,126 −33.4%
1880 12,675 77.9%
1890 21,106 66.5%
1900 23,558 11.6%
1910 28,261 20.0%
1920 34,426 21.8%
1930 40,104 16.5%
1940 43,075 7.4%
1950 45,048 4.6%
1960 41,417 −8.1%
1970 41,981 1.4%
1980 53,658 27.8%
1990 54,651 1.9%
2000 64,452 17.9%
2010 71,109 10.3%
Est. 2017 71,617 [7] 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2017[1]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 71,109 people, 26,842 households, and 19,361 families residing in the county, the population density was 92 people per square mile (36/km2). There were 31,109 housing units at an average density of 39.9 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.5% White(non-Hispanic), 1.5% Black or African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 9.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 13.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 64,452 people, 25,113 households, and 18,432 families residing in the county, the population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km2). There were 28,051 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.55% White(non-Hispanic), 1.68% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.10% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 5.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in DeKalb County were English 78.31%, Scotch-Irish 8.29%, Scottish 3.33%, Irish 3.31%, Welsh 1.22%, and African 1.68%

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Government[edit]

DeKalb County vote
by party in presidential elections [14]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 82.9% 21,405 14.0% 3,622 3.1% 799
2012 76.5% 18,331 21.9% 5,239 1.6% 380
2008 74.8% 17,957 23.6% 5,658 1.7% 400
2004 69.9% 16,904 29.3% 7,092 0.7% 173
2000 63.2% 12,827 34.8% 7,056 2.0% 402
1996 54.1% 9,823 36.1% 6,544 9.8% 1,776
1992 48.7% 10,519 38.2% 8,245 13.1% 2,821
1988 60.6% 11,478 38.7% 7,333 0.7% 129
1984 62.5% 12,098 37.3% 7,212 0.2% 39
1980 51.8% 9,673 47.2% 8,820 1.1% 197
1976 40.1% 6,597 59.4% 9,759 0.5% 81
1972 71.3% 9,434 28.4% 3,759 0.3% 44
1968 35.8% 5,314 8.6% 1,274 55.7% 8,271
1964 57.7% 6,746 42.3% 4,948
1960 48.8% 5,585 51.1% 5,844 0.1% 12
1956 49.6% 5,684 50.3% 5,768 0.1% 16
1952 43.4% 3,997 56.5% 5,209 0.1% 11
1948 43.3% 2,743 56.7% 3,590
1944 37.5% 2,627 62.4% 4,366 0.1% 9
1940 34.0% 2,810 65.8% 5,432 0.2% 17
1936 42.9% 4,620 56.9% 6,121 0.2% 23
1932 44.9% 3,496 54.1% 4,217 1.0% 77
1928 59.3% 5,761 40.7% 3,957 0.0% 2
1924 53.4% 3,434 46.7% 3,003 0.0% 0
1920 55.2% 4,852 44.3% 3,894 0.6% 49
1916 39.4% 1,190 59.1% 1,787 1.6% 47
1912 19.5% 492 54.6% 1,379 25.9% 654
1908 43.2% 1,103 54.6% 1,395 2.3% 58
1904 40.3% 1,237 55.9% 1,716 3.8% 116

DeKalb County is strongly Republican. 83 percent of its voters supported Donald Trump in 2016, and no Democrat has carried it since Southerner Jimmy Carter did so in 1976. Populist appeal in the county during the period of “Redemption” meant that even during the “Solid South” era DeKalb County sometimes supported victorious Republican presidential candidates, as it did during the three Republican landslides of the 1920s.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Alabama Counties". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 103. 
  5. ^ "Alcohol laws are changed," The Times-Journal, December 17, 2004 Archived July 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2015-07-21. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°27′26″N 85°48′24″W / 34.45722°N 85.80667°W / 34.45722; -85.80667