Illinois's 16th congressional district
The 16th Congressional District of Illinois is represented by Republican Adam Kinzinger. All or parts of Belvidere, Channahon, DeKalb, Loves Park, Machesney Park, Morris, Rockford, the representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, and the boundaries became effective on January 5,2013. Prominent past representatives from the 16th district have included Everett Dirksen, for decades, the 16th district was the most geographically stable district in Illinois. For more than six decades, in comparison to the districts in the state. While its shape fluctuated slightly after each census, in general it included the northwest corner of the state, extending just far enough to the east to include its largest city, Rockford. By the 1990s, it extended eastward to include part of McHenry County and this geographic stability contributed to electoral stability. It first became a Rockford-based district for the 1948 election, and from until 2010 it was represented by just five people, however, with the new map drawn for 2012, the familiar shape of the 16th was rendered unrecognizable.
It was pushed well to the east to take in the extreme exurban region of the Chicago metropolitan area, while it still included most of Rockfords suburbs, half of Rockford itself—essentially the more Democratic portion of the city—was shifted to the 17th district. As of May 2015, four members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinoiss 16th congressional district are alive. Illinoiss congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C, the Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Washington Post page on the 16th District of Illinois U. S. Census Bureau - 16th District Fact Sheet
Chicago metropolitan area
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area associated with the city of Chicago and its suburbs. With an estimated population of 9.4 million people, it is the third largest metropolitan area in the United States, Chicagoland is the area that is closely linked to the city through geographic, social and cultural ties. The Chicago metropolitan area is one of the world’s largest and most diversified economies, with more than four million employees, the region is home to more than 400 major corporate headquarters, including 31 in the Fortune 500. The Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area was originally designated by the United States Census Bureau in 1950 and it comprised the Illinois counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane and Will, along with Lake County in Indiana. As surrounding counties saw an increase in their population densities and the number of their residents employed within Cook County, the Chicago MSA, now defined as the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the third largest MSA by population in the United States.
The 2015 census estimate for the MSA was 9,427,676 and this loss of population has been attributed to taxes, political issues, and other factors. A breakdown of the 2009 estimated populations of the three Metropolitan Divisions of the MSA are as follows, The OMB defines a larger region as a Combined Statistical Area. The Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Combined Statistical Area combines the areas of Chicago, Michigan City. This area represents the extent of the market pool for the entire region. The CSA has a population of 9,928,312, the Chicago urban agglomeration, according to the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report, lists a population of 9,545,000. The term “urban agglomeration” refers to the contained within the contours of a contiguous territory inhabited at urban density levels. It usually incorporates the population in a city plus that in the surrounding area, Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago metropolitan area. The term Chicagoland has no definition, and the region is often considered to include areas beyond the corresponding MSA.
Colonel Robert R. McCormick and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, mcCormicks conception of Chicagoland stretched all the way to nearby parts of four states. The first usage was in the Tribunes July 27,1926 front page headline, Chicagolands Shrines, A Tour of Discoveries and he stated that Chicagoland comprised everything in a 200-mile radius in every direction and reported on many different places in the area. The Tribune was the dominant newspaper in a vast area stretching to the west of the city, the Chicago Tribunes usage includes the city of Chicago, the rest of Cook County, eight nearby Illinois counties, and the two Indiana counties of Lake and Porter. Illinois Department of Tourism literature uses Chicagoland for suburbs in Cook, Lake, DuPage, the Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce defines it as all of Cook, DuPage, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties. For example, many residents who live in some of the more distant satellite counties nonetheless refer to themselves as being from Chicago or Chicagoans
Interstate 88 (Illinois)
This route is not contiguous to I-88 in New York. Since 2010, all of I-88 has been part of the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway, the highway runs through the cities of Aurora, Naperville, DeKalb, and Dixon. Prior to its designation as an Interstate Highway, the route was known as IL5, the reason for I-88s original designation and continued existence as an Interstate has to do with a technicality in the old National Maximum Speed Law. Originally passed in 1973, NMSL was amended in 1987 to permit 65 mph speed limits on rural stretches of Interstate Highways only, even though IL5 was fully up to Interstate standards, it still had to carry a 55 mph limit because of this wording in NMSL. The Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway, originally known as the East-West Tollway, is a road in northern Illinois. Opened November 21,1958, it was designated as U. S. Route 30 Toll. The original routing extended from the Interstate 294 interchange near Hillside to Illinois Route 47 near Sugar Grove, Illinois Route 56 was overlapped on the East-West Tollway between North Aurora and Sugar Grove in 1965.
Once complete, the new routing of the tollway and freeway between Interstate 80 near the Quad Cities and Interstate 294 became designated as Illinois Route 5. In the late 1980s, it was renumbered as Interstate 88, the tollway portion begins in Rock Falls, IL, starting at the intersection with U. S. It continues as a tollway until its terminus in Hillside, West of U. S.30 to Interstate 80, Interstate 88 is a freeway. The tollway portion is 96 miles long, the tollway portion of I-88 was previously known as the East West Tollway and is still displayed as such on some signs near Chicago. There is no direct access to U. S. Route 52, Illinois Route 23, Illinois Route 25. In addition, I-88 merges with Illinois Route 56 for a short distance, although a federal law,23 U. S. C. From 2005 lasting through 2012, ISTHA reconstructed and widened much of the portion of I-88. Approximately $991.6 million was budgeted for I-88 over that period, between 2005 and 2009, I-88 was reconstructed and widened to four lanes in each direction between IL59 and York Road, with work progressing gradually from west to east.
The project included a reconstruction and reconfiguration of the Naperville Road interchange, between IL56 and the Aurora Toll Plaza, I-88 was reconstructed and widened to three lanes, including the reconstruction of the IL31 interchange and new bridges over the Fox River. A $36 million interchange at Eola Road in Aurora opened on November 20,2009, after ten years of planning. Toll booths at this ramp accept only I-PASS, and have no provisions for accepting cash payments, Illinois Highway Ends, Interstate 88 Historic, Current & Average Travel Times For The Ronald Reagan Tollway
DeKalb County, Georgia
DeKalb County is a county in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 691,893, DeKalb County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It contains roughly 10% of the city of Atlanta and it is Georgias most diverse county. In recent years, some communities in North DeKalb have incorporated and Brookhaven are now the largest cities entirely within the county. The oldest existing house in the county is the 1831 Goodwin House along Peachtree Road in Brookhaven, in 1853, Fulton County formed from the western half of DeKalb, divided along a perfectly straight and due north/south line down the middle. Until this time, the city of Atlanta had been inside DeKalb. North and southwest Fulton came from two counties and southeast Campbell, respectively. DeKalb once extended further north to the Chattahoochee River, but this strip was given to Milton. During the Civil War, much of the Battle of Atlanta took place in DeKalb, until the 1960s, DeKalb was a mainly agricultural county, but as the sprawl of the metropolitan Atlanta region expanded, DeKalb became increasingly urbanized.
Only Interstate 20 and Interstate 85 were successfully built through the county, DeKalb became one of only two counties to approve MARTA rapid transit in the 1970s, the county now contains the east and northeast heavy rail lines. The current Chief Executive Officer of DeKalb County is Michael Thurmond and he took office on January 1,2017. Fire services are provided throughout the county by DeKalb County Fire, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is based in the Druid Hills CDP in an unincorporated area in the county. The Federal Bureau of Investigation Atlanta Field Office is located in Chamblee, the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice has its headquarters in Avondale Estates, near Decatur. The Georgia Bureau of Investigation has its headquarters near Decatur, in an unincorporated area, the Metro State Prison of the Georgia Department of Corrections was formerly located in an unincorporated area in DeKalb County. Female death row inmates resided in the Metro State Prison, the prison was closed in 2011.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 271 square miles. The county is crossed by the South River and numerous creeks, including Nancy Creek, Snapfinger Creek, Peachtree Creek and Nancy Creek drain into the Chattahoochee River and eventually to the Gulf of Mexico. South River drains into the Ocmulgee River and ultimately into the Atlantic Ocean, Stone Mountain lies near the eastern border of the county
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureaus primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, in addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey, furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau. The Bureaus various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and help states, local communities, the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States. The Census Bureau now conducts a population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections, the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations, the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy.
The Census Bureaus legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code, the Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as surveys and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts. The Census Bureau conducts surveys of manufacturing, service. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts, the Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses, typically at the 10-year intervals, in 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their role in the department.
An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years, in 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code, by law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year, the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are widely used. for data collection, the Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information, all Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment. The Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government, only after 72 years does the information collected become available to other agencies or the general public
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census, is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the day used for the census, was April 1,2010. As part of a drive to increase the accuracy,635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed, participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25,2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, more than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15,2010, the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1,2010. The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%, from April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called non-response follow-up.
In December 2010, the Census Bureau delivered population information to the president for apportionment, personally identifiable information will be available in 2082. The Census Bureau did not use a form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, the 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions, How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1,2010. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1,2010 that you did not include in Question 1, mark all that apply, Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number. What is Person 1s age and Person 1s date of birth, is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else, the form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey.
The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a basis will receive the survey each year. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced that it would count same-sex married couples, the final form did not contain a separate same-sex married couple option
Boone County, Illinois
Boone County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,165, Boone County is included in the Rockford, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as the Chicago metropolitan area. Boone County was formed in 1837 out of Winnebago County and it was named for Kentucky frontiersman Daniel Boone. The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Boone County in 1835 and they arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted entirely of settlers from New England and these were Yankee settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. When the New England settlers arrived in what is now Boone County there was nothing but a virgin forest. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Germany and Ireland, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 282 square miles, of which 281 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles is water.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches in February to 4.56 inches in June, as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,165 people,18,505 households, and 14,273 families residing in the county. The population density was 193.0 inhabitants per square mile, there were 19,970 housing units at an average density of 71.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84. 4% white,2. 0% black or African American,1. 3% Asian,0. 4% American Indian,9. 3% from other races, and 2. 6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20. 2% of the population. In terms of ancestry,25. 6% were German,13. 7% were Irish,9. 2% were English,8. 6% were American,7. 7% were Italian,7. 1% were Swedish, and 5. 0% were Polish. The average household size was 2.91 and the family size was 3.32. The median age was 36.8 years, the median income for a household in the county was $61,210 and the median income for a family was $69,380. Males had an income of $53,581 versus $34,651 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $26,105, about 7. 9% of families and 10. 4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15. 3% of those under age 18 and 5. 0% of those age 65 or over. Salem, MA, Higginson Book Co.1998, the Past and Present of Boone County, Containing a History of the County — Its Cities, Etc. Etc. Chicago, H. F. Kett and Co.1877. United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas
Kendall County, Illinois
Kendall County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois, within the Chicago metropolitan area. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 114,736 and its county seat is Yorkville, and its most populous municipality is Oswego. Kendall County is included in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area and it was the fastest-growing county in the United States between the years 2000 and 2010. Kendall County was formed in 1841 out of LaSalle and Kane counties, the county is named after Amos Kendall. Kendall was the editor of the Frankfort, Kentucky newspaper, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 322 square miles, of which 320 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water. Kendall County is a small but rapidly growing county that has the majority of its population in the northeast, many new subdivisions have been constructed in this county, which has produced considerable population growth. Southern Kendall still remains largely agricultural, Kendall County has two primary ranges of low-lying hills formed by what is known as an end moraine.
Ransom, the predominant of the two moraines, runs through the west and north-central part of the county. This moraine has created elevations of over 800 feet, in contrast to elevations in southern Kendall County that drop to the lower 500 feet range, the other major end moraine ridge in Kendall County, runs along its entire eastern border with Will County. The two moraines intersect at almost a right angle in the township of Oswego, the countys only designated state park is Silver Springs State Fish and Wildlife Area. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches in February to 4.39 inches in July, interstate 80 U. S. Highway 30 U. S. Highway 34 U. S. All other officers run county-wide, County Board Members, John P. Purcell, Judy Gilmour, Matthew G. Prochaska, Audra Hendrix, Elizabeth Flowers, Lynn Cullick, Scott R. Gryder, Matt Kellogg, Tony Giles Scott R. The population density was 358.2 inhabitants per square mile, there were 40,321 housing units at an average density of 125.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 83. 6% white,5. 7% black or African American,3. 0% Asian,0. 3% American Indian,5. 0% from other races, and 2. 3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15. 6% of the population. In terms of ancestry,28. 0% were German,16. 0% were Irish,9. 5% were Polish,9. 4% were Italian,7. 5% were English, and 3. 2% were American. The average household size was 3.01 and the family size was 3.41. The median age was 32.9 years, the median income for a household in the county was $79,897 and the median income for a family was $87,309
Indiana /ɪndiˈænə/ is a U. S. state located in the midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States and its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. S. state on December 11,1816, before becoming a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Indiana has an economy with a gross state product of $298 billion in 2012. Indiana has several areas with populations greater than 100,000. The states name means Land of the Indians, or simply Indian Land and it stems from Indianas territorial history. On May 7,1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a resident of Indiana is officially known as a Hoosier.
The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who hunted large game such as mastodons. They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping and flaking, the Archaic period, which began between 5000 and 4000 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture. The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, such new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with various forms of notches. They made ground-stone tools such as axes, woodworking tools. During the latter part of the period, they built mounds and middens. The Archaic period ended at about 1500 BC, although some Archaic people lived until 700 BC, the Woodland period took place in Indiana, where various new cultural attributes appeared. During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, an early Woodland period group named the Adena people had elegant burial rituals, featuring log tombs beneath earth mounds. In the middle portion of the Woodland period, the Hopewell people began developing long-range trade of goods, nearing the end of the stage, the people developed highly productive cultivation and adaptation of agriculture, growing such crops as corn and squash.
The Woodland period ended around 1000 AD, the Mississippian culture emerged, lasting from 1000 until the 15th century, shortly before the arrival of Europeans. During this stage, the people created large urban settlements designed according to their cosmology, with mounds and plazas defining ceremonial
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
U.S. Route 34
U. S. Route 34 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 1,122 miles from north-central Colorado to the western suburbs of Chicago. Through Rocky Mountain National Park it is known as the Trail Ridge Road where it reaches elevation 12,183 feet, the highways western terminus is Granby, Colorado at U. S. Route 40. Its eastern terminus is in Berwyn, Illinois at Illinois Route 43, U. S. Route 34 becomes a toll road for a short distance in Colorado, where it passes through Rocky Mountain National Park. In the state of Colorado, U. S. Route 34 runs north from Granby through Rocky Mountain National Park and it passes through Estes Park and Greeley before entering Nebraska east of Wray. Within Rocky Mountain National Park US34 is known as Trail Ridge Road, Route 34 transverses Fall River Pass and Milner Pass in the Front Range of Colorado. In the state of Nebraska, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road along the portion of Nebraska. It enters Nebraska west of Haigler and overlaps other routes for the majority of its routing, U.
S.34 passes through Hastings, Grand Island, and Lincoln before entering Iowa east of Plattsmouth over the Plattsmouth Bridge. U. S. Route 34 from between Hastings and Grand Island is known as the Tom Osborne Expressway, which is named for the former Hastings resident, Nebraska Cornhuskers football coach, and Congressman. In Lincoln, U. S.34 overlaps with Interstate 180 from its junction with Interstate 80 into downtown where it becomes North 9th/North 10th Streets, east as O Street. Also, the segment from the Lancaster County/Cass County border to Nebraska Highway 1 south of Elmwood is the Bess Streeter Aldrich Memorial Highway, after the former author and Elmwood resident. In the state of Iowa, U. S. Route 34 is a major east–west arterial surface road across southern Iowa and it enters Iowa west of Glenwood and passes through Glenwood, Red Oak, and Creston before intersecting Interstate 35 at Osceola. East of Osceola, it continues through Chariton and Georgetown onto Albia before meeting U. S.
Route 63 at a circle in Ottumwa. East of Ottumwa to Burlington, the highway overlaps Iowa Highway 163 and this segment of highway is an expressway with some freeway segments. As of November 12,2008, it bypasses Fairfield and bypasses Mt. Pleasant, with a portion of this concurrent with U. S. Route 218 and it continues southeast towards Burlington bypassing New London and Danville and Middletown. The freeway segment through Burlington was completed in the 1970s and it crosses the Mississippi River on the Great River Bridge into Illinois which was completed in the early 1990s. In 2015, a 15-mile segment of U. S. Route 34 in Montgomery, much of this route was originally known as the Bluegrass Highway and parallels tracks of what was originally the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad and is now the BNSF. Amtraks California Zephyr passenger rail service parallels this route, U. S.34 in the state of Iowa is officially designated the Red Bull Highway in honor of the 34th Infantry Division. In the state of Illinois, U. S.
Route 34 enters at the Mississippi River across from Burlington, through much of the Chicago area, the highway is known as Ogden Avenue, after William Butler Ogden, Chicagos first mayor