Kansas Jayhawks men's basketball
The Kansas Jayhawks men's basketball program is the intercollegiate men's basketball program of the University of Kansas. The program is classified in the NCAA's Division I and the team competes in the Big 12 Conference. Kansas is considered one of the most prestigious college basketball programs in the country with 5 overall claimed National Championships, as well being a National Runner-Up six times and having the most conference titles in the nation. Kansas is the all-time consecutive conference titles record holder with 14 consecutive titles, a streak that ran from 2005 through 2018; the Jayhawks own the NCAA record for most consecutive NCAA Tournament appearances with an active streak of 30 consecutive appearances. Another notable active streak for the Jayhawks is they have been ranked in the AP poll for 200 consecutive polls, a streak that has stretched from of the poll released on February 3, 2009 poll through the poll released on March 11, 2019, the longest active streak in the nation.
That streak is 21 behind UCLA’s record run of 222 straight from 1966-1980. The Jayhawks' first coach was the inventor of the game of James Naismith. Naismith is the only coach in Kansas basketball history with a losing record; the Kansas basketball program has produced many notable professional players, including Clyde Lovellette, Wilt Chamberlain, Jo Jo White, Danny Manning, Raef LaFrentz, Paul Pierce, Nick Collison, Kirk Hinrich, Mario Chalmers, Andrew Wiggins and Joel Embiid. Politician Bob Dole played basketball at Kansas. Former players that have gone on to be coaches include Phog Allen, Adolph Rupp, Dean Smith, Dutch Lonborg, former assistants to go on to be notable coaches include John Calipari, Gregg Popovich, Bill Self. Mark Turgeon, Jerod Haase, Danny Manning are all former players and assistant coaches that became head coaches. Allen founded the National Association of Basketball Coaches and, with Lonborg, was an early proponent of the NCAA tournament. Four different Jayhawk head coaches are in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as coaches, Phog Allen, Larry Brown, Roy Williams, current head coach Bill Self.
Three different Division I basketball arenas have been named after former Kansas players, the Dean Smith Center named after Dean Smith at North Carolina, Rupp Arena named after Adolph Rupp at Kentucky, the Jayhawks own arena Allen Fieldhouse named after Phog Allen. In 2008, ESPN ranked Kansas second on a list of the most prestigious programs of the modern college basketball era. Kansas has the longest streak of consecutive NCAA tournament appearances of all-time, the longest current streak of consecutive NCAA winning seasons, the most winning seasons in Division I history, the most non-losing seasons in NCAA history, the most conference championships in Division I history, the most consecutive regular season conference titles in Division I, the most First Team All Americans in Division I history, the most First Team All American Selections in Division I history; as of the last complete season, the program ranks third in Division I all-time winning percentage and second in Division I all-time wins.
Since the opening of Allen Fieldhouse, the Jayhawks home arena, in 1955, the Jayhawks have earned a well established home court advantage. Allen Fieldhouse is considered one of the best home court advantages in college basketball; the Jayhawks have won over 70 percent of their games in Allen Fieldhouse, losing only a little over 100 games in its over 60-year history. Under current head coach Bill Self, the Jayhawks have had three home court winning streaks over 30 games and two streaks that have reached over 50 games; the Jayhawks have won 20 consecutive games at Allen Fieldhouse. In addition to Allen Fieldhouse, the Jayhawks will play games at the nearby Sprint Center in Kansas City, Missouri; these games, while technically a neutral site, are considered home games. Kansas ranks second all-time in NCAA Division I wins against 848 losses; this record includes a 750–109 mark at historic Allen Fieldhouse. The Jayhawks are first in NCAA history with 97 winning seasons, tied for first in NCAA history with 100 non-losing seasons with Kentucky.
Kansas has the fewest head coaches of any program, around 100 years, yet has reached the Final Four under more head coaches than any other program in the nation. Every head coach at Kansas since the inception of the NCAA Tournament has led the program to the Final Four. Kansas has had four head coaches inducted into the Naismith Hall of Fame, more than any other program in the nation. A perennial conference powerhouse, Kansas leads Division I all-time in regular season conference titles with 61 in 111 years of conference play through the 2016–17 regular season; the Jayhawks have won a record 18 conference titles and a record 11 conference tournament titles in the 21 years of the Big 12's existence. The program owns the best Big 12 records in both those areas with a 274–57 record in conference play and a 41–11 record in tournament play; the Jayhawks won their 2,000th game in school history when they defeated Texas Tech in the 2009–2010 season, joining the University of Kentucky and the University of North Carolina as the only schools to boast such an achievement at that time.
The men's basketball program began in 1898, following the arrival of Dr. James Naismith to the school, just six years after Naismith had written the sport's first official rules. Naismith was hired to be a chapel direc
Eddie Anderson (American football coach)
Edward Nicholas Anderson was an American football player and coach of football and basketball. He served as the head football coach at Columbia College in Dubuque, now known as Loras College, DePaul University, the College of the Holy Cross, the University of Iowa, compiling a career college football record of 201–128–15. Anderson was the head basketball coach at DePaul from 1925 to 1929, tallying a mark of 25–21. Anderson played professional football in the National Football League for the Rochester Jeffersons in 1922 and the Chicago Cardinals from 1922 to 1925, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1971. Anderson attended Mason City High School in Mason City, before enrolling at the University of Notre Dame, he was a teammate of George Gipp. As a senior, he was named a consensus first team All-American and was the team captain of the 1921 Notre Dame football team. In his final three years at Notre Dame, the Irish had a record of 28–1. Anderson's only loss in his final three seasons was to Anderson's home state school, when Notre Dame lost to the Iowa Hawkeyes in 1921, 10–7.
Anderson coached at Columbia College in Dubuque, from 1922 to 1924, compiling a 16–6–1 record with one undefeated season. During that time, he was considered for an assistant coaching position at Iowa, but Iowa coach Howard Jones rejected the idea. Anderson served as a player/coach for the Chicago Cardinals professional football team in the early 1920s as well, he played on the Cardinals' controversial championship team in 1925. That same year, Anderson enrolled at Rush Medical College in Chicago. While in Chicago, Anderson coached football at DePaul University, compiling a 21–22–3 record from 1925 to 1931, he coached basketball at DePaul from 1925 to 1929, guiding them to a 25–21 record. After graduating from Rush, Anderson took a job as head football coach at the College of the Holy Cross in Massachusetts, he had a record of 47–7–4 in six years at Holy Cross from 1933 to 1938, including undefeated seasons in 1935 and 1937. During that time, Anderson served as the head of eye, ear and throat clinic at Boston's Veterans Hospital.
Anderson was hired as the 15th head football coach at the University of Iowa before the 1939 season. Iowa had a record of just 2–13–1 in 1937 and 1938 under Irl Tubbs, the Hawkeyes had finished among the worst three teams in the Big Ten Conference standings every year in the 1930s except 1933. Iowa had won just one conference game in the last three years, the team they beat, announced that they would be dropping their football program following the 1939 season. Anderson sought to change Iowa's fortunes immediately, he put the 85 football players. Only 37 players would earn football letters in 1939 for Iowa. Anderson felt. Before the first game, The Des Moines Register had a small note stating that "a set of iron men may be developed to play football for Iowa."The 1939 Hawkeyes, nicknamed the "Ironmen", would become one of the greatest teams in school history and the most romanticized. Led by Nile Kinnick, the 1939 Heisman Trophy winner, the Hawkeyes put together a 6–1–1 record, the best overall record in the Big Ten, though Ohio State edged out Iowa for the conference title.
Many of Anderson's players played complete games during that season for the Hawkeyes. Anderson was named national coach of the year by several organizations. Jim Gallager of the Chicago Herald-American wrote, "It's doubtful if any coach in football history accomplished such an amazing renaissance as Eddie Anderson has worked at Iowa."Anderson was given a Cadillac by Iowa fans and a bonus by the university after his performance during the 1939 season. He was given a significant share of stock in Amana Refrigeration by the founder and CEO of the company, George Foersner, as a reward for his coaching that season; when Anderson retired from football in the late 1960s, he cashed in his stock for over a million dollars. After two more average seasons, Iowa started the 1942 season with a 6–2 record and was in contention for the Big Ten title, but consecutive road conference losses at Minnesota and Michigan to end the season doomed Iowa's chances. After that season, Anderson took a leave of absence to serve in the U.
S Army Medical Corps during World War II. Iowa left the football program in the hands of interim coaches Slip Madigan and Clem Crowe while Anderson was gone from 1943 to 1945. Anderson was a gifted doctor who performed at the University of Iowa Hospital in the morning before coaching in the afternoon, he had been studying urology at the Iowa hospital. When Anderson returned in 1946, he was told that if he retired from coaching, he would be named the successor to Dr. Alcock. Anderson continued practicing medicine on a part-time basis. By the time Anderson had returned from the service, Iowa football was again in the cellar of the Big Ten. Before the 1946 season, Anderson was hospitalized for 19 days with a parasite infection, he returned to lead Iowa to four wins in their first five games, as many wins as Iowa had during his three-year absence. Still, Iowa slumped to a 5–4 final record, leading two former players to write a scathing editorial about Anderson; the editorial asked, "How long will Dr. Anderson ride on the laurels that Nile Kinnick won for him?"In 1947, a 2–2–1 start was followed by three straight losses.
One day before Iowa's final game at Minnesota, Anderson submitted his resignation a
Gerald Charles Wainwright Jr. is an American basketball coach. Wainwright served as the head men's basketball coach at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington from 1994 to 2002, the University of Richmond from 2002 to 2005, DePaul University from 2005 to 2010. Born in Berwyn, Wainwright graduated from J. Sterling Morton High School West, he first attended Morton Junior College before transferring to Colorado College and played center for the Colorado College Tigers basketball team from 1966 to 1968. As a junior in 1966–67, Wainwright played in 19 games, shot 50% from the field, averaged 10.9 points and 6.6 rebounds. In his senior season of 1967–68, Wainwright played 20 games, shot 45.6% from the field, averaged 9.4 points and 6.3 rebounds. Wainwright completed his B. A. degree at Colorado College in 1968 and master's degree at the University of Denver in 1971. Wainwright began his coaching career in 1971 as assistant coach at West Leyden High School in Northlake, Illinois in 1971. Three years Wainwright returned to Colorado to be head coach at Montrose High School in Montrose, Colorado.
After earning Colorado District Coach of the Year in 1975, Wainwright returned to his native Illinois and became an assistant coach at East Leyden High School in Franklin Park, Illinois near Chicago. After four seasons at East Leyden, Wainwright became head coach at Highland Park High School in 1979. At Highland Park, Wainwright earned two district "coach of the year" awards and led the program to the Sweet 16 round of the state tournament in 1982. In 1984, Wainwright got his first college coaching job as an assistant coach at Xavier under Bob Staak. Wainwright followed Staak to Wake Forest in 1985 and remained on Dave Odom's staff at Wake Forest until the 1993–94 season. From 1994 to 2002, Wainwright was head coach at UNC Wilmington, during which he had a 136–103 record. In his final season with UNCW, he led the Seahawks to a first-round upset of USC in the 2002 NCAA Tournament. Wainwright became head coach at Richmond on April 24, 2002. In a three-season tenure, led Richmond to an NIT appearance in 2003 and NCAA Tournament appearance in 2004.
He was the head coach at DePaul from 2005 to 2010. On November 21, 2006, Wainwright earned his 200th win as a Division I head coach in a 93-74 victory over Chaminade at the Maui Invitational. DePaul advanced to the NIT quarterfinals. After a 7–8 start, Wainwright was fired on January 11, 2010. Wainwright left coaching to promote charity causes in North Carolina. In 2010 and 2011, Wainwright served as an in-studio analyst for Sirius XM's Mad Dog Radio's NCAA Tournament coverage with Chris "Mad Dog" Russo. After one season as assistant coach under Rodney Terry at Fresno State, Wainwright became director of basketball operations at Marquette in June 2012 and was promoted to assistant coach before the season. In 2014, Wainwright re-joined Fresno State as associate head coach, again under Terry. Fresno State profile Marquette profile USA Basketball profile
St. John's Red Storm men's basketball
The St. John's Red Storm men's basketball team represents the St. John's University in Queens, New York; the team participates in the Big East Conference. They were last coached by Chris Mullin, a Hall of Fame player and alumnus, who stepped down on April 9, 2019. On March 17, 2019, they were selected to play in the NCAA tournament for the first time since 2015; as of the end of the 2018-19 season, St. John's has 1,900 total wins, which put them at #6 on the List of teams with the most victories in NCAA Division I men's college basketball; the St. John's men's basketball team played its first game on December 6, 1907, losing to New York University and registering its first win in program history against Adelphi University on January 3, 1908. Just three years the 1910–11 St. John's basketball team went on to have an undefeated 14–0 season coached by former track and field Olympian Claude Allen, for which the team was honored by the Helms Foundation as national champions. Twenty years former St.
John's player James "Buck" Freeman was hired as the coach of the basketball team and in his first four years from 1927 to 1931 had a historic 85–8 record. The 1929–30 and 1930–31 teams were known as the "Wonder Five", made up of Matty Begovich, Mac Kinsbrunner, Max Posnack, Allie Schuckman, Jack "Rip" Gerson, who together helped revolutionize the game of basketball and made St. John's the marquee team in New York City. On January 19, 1931, the Wonder Five team was a part of the first college basketball triple-header at Madison Square Garden in a charity game which saw St. John's beat CCNY by a score 17–9. Freeman finished his coaching career with a record of 177–31 for an.850 winning percentage. Joe Lapchick, a former player of the Original Celtics, took over as coach at St. John's in 1936 and he continued the success the school had become used to under Buck Freeman. Lapchick coached the St. John's University men's basketball team from 1936 to 1947 and again from 1956 to 1965, his Redmen teams won 4 NIT championships.
Lapchick preferred to take his teams to the more prestigious NIT instead of the NCAA Tournament making the NIT semifinals 8 out of a total 12 times, only one NCAA tournament appearance in his twenty years of coaching the Redmen. Under Lapchick's coaching his teams won 6 Metropolitan New York Conference regular season titles. On its way to its first of back-to-back NIT titles, St. John's would go on to have a record of 21–3 with only two losses occurring during the regular season. One was a 40–46 home loss to rival Niagara and another was a 38–42 loss at Madison Square Garden to Manhattan; the 1942–43 St. John's team were led by senior caption Andrew "Fuzzy" Levane and sophomore All-American center Harry Boykoff; the Redmen's trademark defense and inside scoring presence of Boykoff lead them passed Rice and Toledo to claim what would be the first of six NIT titles. The season did not end after the NIT, in just three days St. John's would go on to participate in the first Red Cross charity benefit game against NCAA champion Wyoming to determine a true national champion.
Wyoming though would go on to win 52–47. St. John's became the first team to repeat as champions in the seven-year history of the NIT though World War II and the players' commitment to serve in the armed forces made it a difficult season. Harry Boykoff would miss the entire 1943–44 and 1944–45 seasons due to being drafted for the war effort, along with the team's star point guard Dick McGuire for half the 1943–44 season and the entire following two years. Despite the losses of their star players, the St. John's team managed to finish the season with an 18–5 record and a second NIT crown by defeating Adolph Rupp's Kentucky Wildcats and Ray Meyer's DePaul Blue Demons; the Redmen were led by play making junior guards Hy Gotkin and Bill Kotsores, the of, selected as the 1944 NIT MVP. For the second year in a row the Redmen participated in the Red Cross benefit game where they faced the NCAA champion Utah where they ended up losing 36–44; the 1951 1952 team lost to Kentucky 81 to 40 in December 1951.
In the NCAA tournament, St John's beat Kentucky, 64 57. They finished second in the tournament to Kansas. St. John's success continued the following year where they produced another 21–3 record, but their chance at a rematch with George Mikan's DePaul squad and a third consecutive NIT title was shattered with an upset loss to Bowling Green in the semifinals, they would go on to beat Rhode Island State for a third-place finish. The next two years Lapchick's Redmen teams made the NIT both times and added two more Metropolitan New York Conference regular season titles before Lapchick left to take the head coaching job of the New York Knickerbockers in just the second year of their existence in the new Basketball Association of America, becoming the highest paid coach of the league at the time. Lapchick was succeeded by Frank McGuire, a former player under Buck Freeman, who made the postseason four out of five years as the coach and had an overall record of 102–36 culminating in a second-place finish in the 1952 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament.
Under McGuire, the Redmen reached an overall number one ranking in the AP poll twice, won three Metropolitan New York Conference regular season titles, competed in four NITs and made their first appearance in the NCAA tournament where they made it to the Elite Eight before falling to eventual national champion Kentucky. They would go on. At the end of the season, coach Frank McGuire left St. John's to become the basketball coach at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. On paper, this was a significant step down from St. John's, as UNC was not reckoned as a national power at the time. However, sch
LSU Tigers basketball
The LSU Tigers basketball team represents Louisiana State University in NCAA Division I men's college basketball. The Tigers are coached by interim head coach Tony Benford, they play their home games in the Pete Maravich Assembly Center located on the LSU campus in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The team participates in the Southeastern Conference; the 1935 Tigers – coached by Harry Rabenhorst, keyed by the play of first LSU All-American Sparky Wade – finished the season at 14–1, defeating a Pittsburgh Panthers team that shared the Eastern Intercollegiate Conference championship and finished with an 18–6 overall record in the American Legion Bowl by a score of 41–37 in their final game of the season. LSU's lone defeat came to the Southwest Conference co-champion Rice Owls by a score of 56–47 in Houston in one of LSU's three road games. LSU has claimed a national championship for the 1935 season, but not on the basis of any determination by an external selector. Rabenhorst led the Tigers to the 1953 Final Four with a team that finished 22–3 overall and 13–0 in conference play, which included future NBA Hall of Famer Bob Pettit.
Rabenhorst's 1953–54 Tigers repeated as SEC champions—again finishing undefeated in conference play at 14–0, at 20–5 overall—and played in the Sweet Sixteen game of the 1954 NCAA Tournament, falling 78–70 to eventual national third-place Penn State. From 1957 to 1966, LSU was coached by Frank Truitt, they combined for a record of 88–135. Significant players included Jr.. Press Maravich was head basketball coach from 1966 to 1972, he had an overall record of 76–86 at LSU. He led the team to three winning seasons, but did not win an SEC championship or make an NCAA tournament appearance, his 1969–70 team advanced to the NIT Final Four. This era is best known for the exploits of Press Maravich's son, Pete "Pistol Pete" Maravich whom he coached from 1967 to 1970. Pete dominated at the collegiate level averaging 44.2 points per game and was named National Player of the Year in 1970. Collis Temple Jr. of Kentwood became LSU's first African-American varsity athlete during Press' final season of 1971–1972.
Dale Brown was head LSU basketball coach for 25 years from 1972 to 1997. During his time at LSU, he led the basketball team to two Final Fours, four Elite Eights, five Sweet Sixteens, thirteen NCAA Tournament appearances, he led the Tigers to four regular season SEC championships and one SEC Tournament championship. In 1996–97, Dale Brown signed Baton Rouge high school phenom Lester Earl, who led Glen Oaks High School to three consecutive Louisiana High School Athletic Association state championships, with all championship games played at the Pete Maravich Assembly Center. Earl played just 11 games at LSU before he was suspended and transferred to the University of Kansas soon afterward. While at Kansas, Earl said that an LSU assistant coach gave him money when he was at LSU; the NCAA began an investigation. It found no evidence that his assistants paid Earl. However, it did find that a former booster paid Earl about $5,000 while he was attending LSU; the basketball team was placed on probation in 1998.
In September 2007, Lester Earl issued an apology to Brown, then-assistant head coach Johnny Jones, LSU in general for his role in the NCAA investigation. Earl now has altered his original claims that the NCAA pressured him into making false claims against Dale Brown or else he would lose years of NCAA eligibility. Earl said, "I was pressured into telling them SOMETHING. I was 19 years old at that time; the NCAA intimidated me, manipulated me into making up things, encouraged me to lie, in order to be able to finish my playing career at Kansas. They told me if we don't find any dirt on Coach Brown you won't be allowed to play but one more year at Kansas. I caused great harm and difficulties for so many people. I feel sorriest for hurting Coach Brown. Coach Brown, I apologize to you for tarnishing your magnificent career at LSU." The NCAA has declined any new comments on the situation. However, Brown says. "The most interesting journey that a person can make is discovering himself. I believe Lester has done that, I forgive him."
In 1997, John Brady replaced the legendary Dale Brown as head coach at LSU. When Brady arrived, the program stinging from a recruiting scandal. Brady's first two years were rough. In 2000, the Tigers broke through, posting a 28 -- a NCAA Tournament Sweet 16 appearance. However, due to the loss of Stromile Swift and Jabari Smith to the 2000 NBA Draft, the Tigers could not carry their momentum to the next year, going 13–16 in 2001. Brady's team entered the 2005–06 season unranked, but were coming off a solid season in which they went 20–10 and made the NCAA Tournament. Led by Glen "Big Baby" Davis and Tyrus Thomas, the Tigers won their first outright SEC regular season championship since 1985, earned a #4 seed in the NCAA Tournament. After wins over Iona and Texas A&M, LSU de
National Invitation Tournament
The National Invitation Tournament is a men's college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Played at regional sites and at Madison Square Garden in New York City each March and April, it was founded in 1938 and was the most prestigious post-season showcase for college basketball. Over time it became eclipsed by the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament – known today informally as "March Madness"; the NIT has since been regarded more as a "consolation" tournament for teams that did not receive a berth in the NCAA tournament. A second, much more recent "NIT" tournament is played in November and known as the NIT Season Tip-Off; the "Preseason NIT", it was founded in 1985. Like the postseason NIT, its final rounds are played at Madison Square Garden. Both tournaments were operated by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association until 2005, when they were purchased by the NCAA, the MIBA disbanded. Unless otherwise qualified, the terms "NIT" or "National Invitation Tournament" refer to the post-season tournament in both common and official use.
The post-season National Invitation Tournament was founded in 1938 by the Metropolitan Basketball Writers Association, one year after the NAIA Tournament was created by basketball's inventor Dr. James Naismith, one year before the NCAA Tournament; the first NIT was won by the Temple University Owls over the Colorado Buffaloes. Responsibility for the NIT's administration was transferred in 1940 to the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Committee, a body of local New York colleges: Fordham University, Manhattan College, New York University, St. John's University, Wagner College; this became the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association in 1948. The tournament invited a field of 6 teams, with all games played at Madison Square Garden in downtown Manhattan; the field was expanded to 8 teams in 1941, 12 in 1949, 14 in 1965, 16 in 1968, 24 in 1979, 32 in 1980, 40 from 2002 through 2006. In 2007, the tournament reverted to the current 32-team format. In its early years, the NIT offered some advantages over the NCAA tournament: There was limited national media coverage of college basketball in the 1930s and'40s, playing in New York City provided teams greater media exposure, both with the general public and among high school prospects in its rich recruiting territory.
The NCAA tournament selection committee invited only one team each from eight national regions leaving better quality selections and natural rivals out of its field, which would opt for the NIT. From its onset and at least into the mid-1950s, the NIT was regarded as the most prestigious showcase for college basketball. All-American at Princeton and NBA champion with the New York Knicks and United States Senator Bill Bradley stated: In the 1940's, when the NCAA tournament was less than 10 years old, the National Invitation Tournament, a saturnalia held in New York at Madison Square Garden by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association, was the most glamorous of the post-season tournaments and had the better teams; the winner of the National Invitation Tournament was regarded as more of a national champion than the actual, national champion, or winner of the NCAA tournament. Several teams played in both the NIT and NCAA tournaments in the same year, beginning with Colorado and Duquesne in 1940.
Colorado subsequently finished fourth in the NCAA West Region. In 1944, Utah lost its first game in the NIT but proceeded to win not only the NCAA tournament, but the subsequent Red Cross War Charities benefit game in which they defeated NIT champion St. John's at Madison Square Garden. In 1949, some Kentucky players were bribed by gamblers to lose their first round game in the NIT; this same Kentucky team went on to win the NCAA. In 1950, City College of New York won both the NIT and the NCAA tournaments in the same season, coincidentally defeating Bradley University in the championship game of both tournaments, remains the only school to accomplish that feat because of an NCAA committee change in the early 1950s prohibiting a team from competing in both tournaments; the champions of both the NCAA and NIT tournaments played each other for a few years during World War II. From 1943 to 1945, the American Red Cross sponsored a postseason charity game between each year's tournament champions to raise money for the war effort.
The series was described by Ray Meyer as not just benefit games, but as "really the games for the national championship". The NCAA champion prevailed in all three games; the Helms Athletic Foundation retroactively selected the NIT champion as its national champion for 1938, chose the NIT champion over the NCAA champion once, in 1939. More the mathematically based Premo-Porretta Power Poll published in the ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia retroactively ranked teams for each season prior to 1949, with the NIT champion finishing ahead of the NCAA champion in 1939 and 1941. Premo-Porretta ranks four NCAA champions as the best for each season, the rest being non-championship winning teams. Between 1939 and 1970, when teams could compete in either tournament, only DePaul, San Francisco and Holy Cross claim or celebrate national championships for their teams based on an NIT championship, although Long Island recognizes its selection as the 1939 national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation, made in 1943.
In 1943 the NCAA tournament moved to share Madison Square Garden with the NIT in an effort to increase the credibility of the NCAA Tournament. In 1945, The New York Times indicated that many teams could get bids to enter either tournament, not unco
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl