A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Alice Cooper is an American singer and actor whose career spans over fifty years. With his distinctive raspy voice and a stage show that features guillotines, electric chairs, fake blood, deadly snakes, baby dolls, dueling swords, Cooper is considered by music journalists and peers alike to be "The Godfather of Shock Rock", he has drawn from horror films and garage rock to pioneer a macabre and theatrical brand of rock designed to shock people. Originating in Phoenix, Arizona, in the late 1960s after he moved to Detroit, Michigan, "Alice Cooper" was a band consisting of Furnier on vocals and harmonica, Glen Buxton on lead guitar, Michael Bruce on rhythm guitar, Dennis Dunaway on bass guitar, Neal Smith on drums; the original Alice Cooper band released its first album in 1969. They broke into the international music mainstream with the 1971 hit song "I'm Eighteen" from their third studio album Love It to Death; the band reached their commercial peak in 1973 with their sixth studio album Billion Dollar Babies.
In 2011, the original Alice Cooper band was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. Furnier adopted the band's name as his own name in the 1970s and began a solo career with the 1975 concept album Welcome to My Nightmare. Expanding from his Detroit rock roots, Cooper has experimented with a number of musical styles, including art rock, hard rock, heavy metal, new wave, glam metal, industrial rock. Cooper is known for his sociable and witty personality offstage, with The Rolling Stone Album Guide calling him the world's most "beloved heavy metal entertainer", he is credited with helping to shape the sound and look of heavy metal, has been described as the artist who "first introduced horror imagery to rock'n'roll, whose stagecraft and showmanship have permanently transformed the genre". Away from music, Cooper is a film actor, a golfing celebrity, a restaurateur, since 2004, a popular radio DJ with his classic rock show Nights with Alice Cooper. Cooper was born in Detroit, the son of Ether Moroni Furnier and his wife Ella Mae, née McCart.
His father was an Evangelist in The Church of Jesus Christ headquartered in Monongahela, Pennsylvania. He has English, Huguenot French, Irish and Sioux ancestry, he was named after his uncle, Vincent Collier Furnier, the writer Damon Runyon. His paternal grandfather, Thurman Sylvester Furnier, was an apostle in The Church of Jesus Christ and President from 1963-1965. Cooper was active in his church at the ages of 11 and 12. While growing up in Detroit, Cooper attended Washington Elementary School Nankin Mills Jr. High. Following a series of childhood illnesses, he moved with his family to Phoenix, where he attended Cortez High School. In his high school yearbook, his ambition was to be "A million record seller." In 1964, 16-year-old Furnier was eager to participate in the local annual Cortez High School Letterman's talent show, so he gathered four fellow cross-country teammates to form a group for the show: Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, John Tatum and John Speer. They named themselves the Earwigs.
They dressed up in costumes and wigs to resemble the Beatles, performed several parodies of Beatles songs, with the lyrics modified to refer to the track team: in their rendition of "Please Please Me", for example, the line "Last night I said these words to my girl" was replaced with "Last night I ran four laps for my coach". Of the group, only Buxton knew how to play an instrument—the guitar—so Buxton played guitar while the rest mimed on their instruments; the group won the talent show. As a result of their positive experience, the group decided to try to turn into a real band, they acquired musical instruments from a local pawn shop, proceeded to learn how to play them, with Buxton doing most of the teaching, as well as much of the early songwriting. They soon renamed themselves the Spiders, featuring Furnier on vocals, Buxton on lead guitar, Tatum on rhythm guitar, Dunaway on bass guitar, Speer on drums. Musically, the group was inspired by artists such as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Who, the Kinks, the Doors, the Yardbirds.
For the next year the band performed around the Phoenix area with a huge black spider's web as their backdrop, the group's first stage prop. In 1965, the Spiders recorded their first single, "Why Don't You Love Me", with Furnier learning the harmonica for the song; the single's B-side track was the Marvin Gaye Tamla Records hit "Hitch Hike". The single was released by local record label Mascot Records, owned by Jack Curtis, a concert promoter who owned the Stage 7 teen club, which became the VIP Club where the Spiders were the house band. In 1966, the Spiders graduated from Cortez High School, after North High School football player Michael Bruce replaced John Tatum on rhythm guitar, the band released their second single, "Don't Blow Your Mind", an original composition which became a local No. 1 hit, backed by "No Price Tag". The single was recorded at Copper State Recording Studio and issued by local micro-imprint Santa Cruz Records. By 1967, the band had begun to make regular road trips to Los Angeles to play shows.
They soon renamed themselves Nazz and released the single "Wonder Who's Lovin' Her Now", backed with future Alice Cooper track "Lay Down and Die, Goodbye". Around this time, drummer John Speer was replaced by Neal Smith. By the end of the year, the band had relocated to Los Angeles. In 1968, the band learned that Todd Rundgren had a band called Nazz, found themselves in need of another stage name. Furnier believed that the group needed a gimmick
Lizzy Borden (band)
Lizzy Borden is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles in 1983. To date, the band has charted on the Billboard 200 four times. Lizzy Borden is eponymous of the band's lead vocalist; the band was founded in 1983 by brothers Lizzy Joey Scott. The band got noticed after their song "Rod of Iron" featured on Metal Blade Records' Metal Massacre IV compilation LP; the band signed to Metal Blade in 1984 and released their debut EP "Give'Em The Axe" in May of the same year. The band is named after the notorious Lizzie Borden, a woman accused and acquitted of murder in the late 19th century. In 1985 late guitarist Alex Nelson replaced original guitarist Tony Matuzak and was first featured on the band's only live album to date, titled The Murderess Metal Road Show. In 1987 the band reached their commercial peak with the release of their third LP "Visual Lies" which saw guitarist Joe Holmes make his debut with the band; the first single from the album, "Me Against The World", was featured in the cult film Black Roses.
Joe Holmes went on to join Ozzy Osbourne's band. In 1989 the band issued their fourth studio album Master of Disguise via their label Metal Blade, the LP was released on July the 15th 1989 and has since become a cult classic; the band plays songs from this album live. The band was featured prominently in the rockumentary The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years. In the early 90s the band slowed down its activity due to the changing metal scene and the rise of grunge; the band went on a short hiatus in 1996 after the departure of their two guitarists, David Philips and Corey James. Singer Lizzy alongside bassist Marten Andersson and drummer Joey Scott went on to play in the glam band Diamond Dogs. In 1999, the band was once again active and touring with 3/5 of its classic lineup alongside longtime bassist Marten Andersson. Lizzy Borden previewed their new CD and tour, entitled Deal With the Devil, at the Wacken Open Air Festival, Germany, in front of 35,000 people followed by a worldwide tour.
Longtime Lizzy Borden fan and multimedia entrepreneur Todd McFarlane was enlisted to capture the essence of Lizzy Borden for the stage show and the CD cover art. On May 17, 2004, guitarist Alex Nelson was killed in a head-on car collision. Lizzy Borden disbanded soon after. In a 2008 interview with Lucem Fero when asked about Alex Nelson singer Lizzy Borden said: He had a connection to everybody. I'm very business like, don't like to screw around too much when we're working, he felt it was his job to break that down, try to have more fun. He was the only one. Though I always told him he was the most talented musician I've worked with in every way, He never thought he was all that talented. People would ask him who his influences are, he would say'everything I've seen or heard.' I used to love that quote. Two years after Alex Nelson's death, Lizzy Borden regrouped with new guitarist Ira Black and on November 1, 2007, the album Appointment with Death was released worldwide; the album features guest appearances by George Lynch, Dave Meniketti, Corey Beaulieu, among others.
The first video for "Tomorrow Never Comes" was nominated for video of the year and was in the Top 25 Metal Videos of 2008 on MTV's Headbangers Ball. The follow-up video for "Under Your Skin" premiered in April the same year. In early 2008 the band announced various festival appearances including Sweden Rock Festival, Kobetasonik festival and Bang Your Head Festival. In November 2008 Lizzy Borden toured the United States with Finnish Monster Rockers Lordi; the band toured Europe as part of their headlining tour. Lizzy Borden was the first-day headliner of the two-day Keep It True XII festival at Tauberfrankenhalle in Lauda-Königshofen Germany 2009. North American festival appearances included Rock Gone Wild. On Jan 24, 2009, former guitarist Corey James died in a car accident. In 2010 Lizzy Borden toured North America and Europe, including festival appearances at Wacken Open Air 2010, Alcatraz Metal Festival, Leyendas del Rock festival and Elsrock Festival. In 2011 Lizzy Borden launched the "Summer of Blood" tour in North American Followed by the European version, entitled "Death Takes a Holiday Tour", festival appearances in 2011 included Heaven and Hell Metal Fest, Christmas Metal Festival and the Hard Rock Hell Festival.
On Dec 17, 2011, drummer and founding member Joey Scott married their tour manager and dancer in Las Vegas, NV. In 2012, Lizzy Borden performed on various Open Air Festivals in Europe. Festivals included Gods of Metal in Milan Italy. Both festivals were with Mötley Crüe, Guns N' Roses and more, they returned to Europe in July 2012 to play Zwarte Cross festival in the Netherlands, Headbangers Open Air in Germany and Bulgaria the first time in their career at the Kavarna Rock Festival. In 2013, Lizzy Borden premiered their new tour "30 years of American metal" show created from the ground up at the 70000 Tons of Metal, followed by a string of North American shows and European Festivals, including the Swedish Festival Skogsrojet. On January 1, 2014, guitarist Dario Lorina left the band after joining American heavy metal band Black Label Society. On August 1, 2014, Lizzy Borden performed on Incheon Pentaport Rock Festival With Former Guitarist Ira Black. By 2014, Lizzy Borden had spent the last few years working on the follow up to 2007
Menace to Society (Lizzy Borden album)
Menace to Society is the second studio album by Los Angeles metal band Lizzy Borden. Released in 1986 by Metal Blade Records, this would become a success for the band appearing on the Billboard 200 for 10 weeks and peaking at 144; the album was re-released in 2002 with 4 bonus tracks, again on vinyl in 2018. All tracks written except where noted. Lizzy Borden - Vocals Gene Allen - Guitars Mike Davis - Bass Alex Nelson - Guitars, Vocals Joey Scott Harges - Drums
Marten Andersson is the bass guitarist for the hard rock and heavy metal groups Steelheart, Lizzy Borden, George Lynch's Lynch Mob, Dario Lorina. He is known for scoring music in commercials and TV, authoring a music educational reference book as well as Co-Founder/Producer of the rock/classical charity concerts From Classical to Rock. Born as an only child, it was in the outskirts of Stockholm, that Marten developed an interest in becoming a musician after being exposed to bands such as KISS and Iron Maiden. Marten had a passion for playing various different musical instruments but soon considered bass his main instrument. Marten once asked his father to buy him a guitar only to have the guitar traded in for a bass two weeks later. At the age of 16 he had performed shows and recorded with various local bands but he had bigger aspirations, he wanted to take on Hollywood. By the age of 18 Marten moved to Los Angeles to study music and it did not take long before he started touring the world and recording with the heavy metal band Lizzy Borden.
Named after the band's lead vocalist and known for their outrageous and theatrical stage shows. Marten Andersson spent the next decade with Lizzy Borden, recording CDs and playing/touring together with bands such as: Deep Purple, Kings X, Yngwie Malmsteen, W. A. S. P. and Motörhead. Lizzy Borden released 9 albums and toured across the U. S. South America, Canada and Asia. Hitting the top 100 4 times in the U. S. #1 on CMJ. Lizzy Borden previewed their CD'Deal With the Devil' at the'Wacken open air Festival Germany', in front of 35 thousand people followed by a world wide tour. Longtime Lizzy Borden fan and multimedia entrepreneur Todd McFarlane was enlisted to capture the essence of Lizzy Borden for the Stage show and the CD cover art. Tragedy struck the band when guitarists Alex Nelson and Corey James were killed in separate car accidents, with Nelson's resulting in the band disbanding between 2004 and 2006. In 2006, Borden announced that they have reformed with new guitarist Ira Black and on November 1, 2007 "Appointment With Death" was released worldwide.
The CD features guest appearances by George Lynch, Jonas Hansson, Dave Meniketti, Corey Beaulieu among others. The video for "Tomorrow Never Comes" was nominated for video of the year and was in the Top 25 Metal Videos of 2008 on MTV's Headbangers Ball; the follow-up video for "Under Your Skin" premiered in April the same year. In early 2008, the band announced various festival appearances including Sweden Rock Festival, Kobetasonik festival and Bang Your Head Festival. In November 2008, Lizzy Borden toured the United States with Finnish Monster Rockers Lordi. Lizzy Borden was the first-day headliner of the two-day Keep It True XII festival at Tauberfrankenhalle in Lauda-Königshofen Germany. In 2010 the band performed at Rocklahoma and Rock Gone Wild festivals in North America and announced Japan tour dates and 2 extensive European tours, performing in 15 Countries including festival appearances throughout the world. In 2011 Lizzy Borden Launched "Summer of Blood" tour in North American Followed by the European version, entitled "Death Takes a Holiday Tour", festival appearances in 2011 included Heaven and Hell Metal Fest, Christmas Metal Festival, Hard Rock Hell Festival.
In 2012, Lizzy Borden performed on various Open Air Festivals in Europe. Festivals included Gods of Metal in Milan Italy. Both festivals were with Mötley Crüe, Guns N' Roses and more, they returned to Europe in July 2012 to play Zwarte Cross festival in the Netherlands, Headbangers Open Air in Germany and for the first time in their career at the Bulgarian Festival, Kavarna Rock. In 2013-2014, Lizzy Borden premiered their tour "30 years of American Metal" at the 70,000 tons of Metal Cruise, followed by North American, South American tour-dates, European Festivals such as the Swedish Festival Skogsrojet and South Korean festival Pentaport. Lizzy Borden announced a month-long European winter tour starting in Madrid and ending in Moscow, Russia on November 23, 2014. In the late 90's Andersson played with Jessica Simpson's and Jennifer Lopez guitarist Joy Basu, as well as recording two CDs entitled'Second to None' and'The Rocks' with "The Jonas Hansson Band", fronted by Swedish guitar player Jonas Hansson.
Hansson was considered by many as one of the first guitar heros to emerge from Scandinavia. The group featured members from Alice Cooper, Marty Friedman Band and Silver Mountain. In 2001, Marten Andersson released a solo project entitled, Legacy with various guest musicians, including Jonas Hansson co-producing and playing lead guitar. Andersson was handling rhythm guitar duties; the CD was mixed and produced by Andersson and Hansson at Mastergroove Studio's in Granada Hills, California with the assistance of Mastergroove studio owner Dave Morse. The CD received excellent reviews in the hardrock, Heavy Metal press but did not generate much noise in mainstreet media. In 2003, Marten co-founded the Hollywood rock outfit Starwood with Joey Scott and Joe Steals; the band, released their debut CD "If It Ain't Broke, Break It!" Worldwide on Metalblade Records. Their signature high energy rock in the vein of Velvet Revolver, Guns N' Roses and The Darkness made Starwood popular after just only one album and has gathered airplay in many places over the World with videos fo
Appointment with Death (album)
Appointment With Death is the sixth studio album by the American heavy metal band Lizzy Borden, released in October 2007 via Metal Blade Records. "Abnormal" - 5:12 "Appointment with Death" - 3:47 "Live Forever" - 5:01 "Bloody Tears" - 4:48 "The Death of Love" - 5:17 "Tomorrow Never Comes" - 4:22 "Under Your Skin" - 5:06 "Perfect World" - 4:53 "Somthin’s Crawlin'" - 5:43 " the Only Ones" - 4:01 "The Darker Side" - 5:22 "Tomorrow Never Comes" - 4:18 Lizzy Borden - vocals Ira Black - Guitar Marten Andersson - Bass Joey Scott Harges - drumsAll who performed on AWD Lizzy Joey Scott Marten Andersson Ira Black George Lynch Dave Meniketti Corey Beaulieu Jonas Hansson Erik Rutan Michael T. Ross Adam Cameron Zane Marliese Quance Produced by L. Borden and J. Scott Recorded at the Zanzibar studios in N. Hollywood CA. Mixed by Erik Rutan at Mana sound in Florida
Blue Öyster Cult
Blue Öyster Cult is an American rock band formed on Long Island, New York in 1967 best known for the singles " The Reaper", "Burnin' for You", "Godzilla.” Blue Öyster Cult has sold more than 24 million records worldwide, including 7 million in the United States alone. The band's music videos "Burnin' for You," received heavy rotation on MTV when the music television network premiered in 1981, cementing the band's contribution to the development and success of the music video in modern popular culture. Blue Öyster Cult's longest-lasting and most commercially successful lineup included Donald "Buck Dharma" Roeser, Eric Bloom, Allen Lanier, Joe Bouchard, Albert Bouchard; the band's current lineup includes Roeser and Bloom, as well as Danny Miranda, Jules Radino and Richie Castellano. The band originated as a group called Soft White Underbelly in 1967 in the vicinity of Stony Brook University on Long Island, at the prompting of critic and manager Sandy Pearlman; the group consisted of guitarist Buck Dharma, drummer Albert Bouchard, keyboardist Allen Lanier, singer Les Braunstein and bassist Andrew Winters.
Pearlman wanted the group to be the American answer to Black Sabbath. Pearlman was important to the band – he was able to get them gigs and recording contracts with Elektra and Columbia, he provided them with his poetry for use as lyrics for many of their songs, including "Astronomy". Writer Richard Meltzer provided the band with lyrics from their early days up through their most recent studio album. Pearlman gave stage names to each of the band members but only Buck Dharma kept his; the band recorded an album's worth of material for Elektra Records in 1968. When Braunstein departed in early 1969, Elektra shelved the album. Eric Bloom was hired by the band as their acoustic engineer and became lead singer, replacing Braunstein, through a series of three unlikely coincidences, one in which Lanier decided to join Bloom on a drive to an upstate gig where he spent the night with Bloom's old college bandmates and got to hear old tapes of Bloom's talent as lead vocalist; because of this, Bloom was offered the job of lead singer for Soft White Underbelly.
However, a bad review of a 1969 Fillmore East show caused Pearlman to change the name of the band – first to Oaxaca to the Stalk-Forrest Group. The band recorded yet another album's worth of material for Elektra, but only one single was released on Elektra Records; the album featured Bloom as their main lead singer, but Roeser sang lead on a few songs, a pattern of sharing lead vocals that has continued throughout the band's career. After a few more temporary band names, including the Santos Sisters, the band settled on Blue Öyster Cult in 1971. New York City producer/composer and jingle writer David Lucas saw the band perform and took them into his Warehouse Recording Studio and produced four demos, with which Pearlman was able to get the renamed band another audition with Columbia Records. Clive Davis liked what he heard, signed the band to the label; the first album was subsequently recorded by Lucas on eight track at Lucas' studio. Winters would be replaced by Bouchard's brother, Joe Bouchard.
Their debut album Blue Öyster Cult was released in January 1972, with a black and white cover designed by artist Bill Gawlik. The album featured the songs "Cities on Flame with Rock and Roll", "Stairway to the Stars" and "Then Came the Last Days of May". By this time, the band's sound had become more oriented toward hard rock, but songs like "She's As Beautiful As a Foot" and "Redeemed" showed a strong element of the band's psychedelic roots. All of the band members except for Allen Lanier sang lead, a pattern that would continue on many subsequent albums, although lead singer Eric Bloom sang the majority of the songs; the album sold well, Blue Öyster Cult toured with artists such as The Byrds, Mahavishnu Orchestra and Alice Cooper. During the touring process, the band's sound became more direct, their next album Tyranny and Mutation, released in 1973, was written while the band was on tour for their first LP. It contained songs such as "The Red and the Black", "Hot Rails to Hell" and "Baby Ice Dog", the first of the band's many collaborations with Patti Smith.
It featured a harder-rocking approach than before, though the band's songs were growing more complex. The album outsold a trend that would continue with their next few albums; the band's third album, Secret Treaties received positive reviews, featuring songs such as "Career of Evil", "Dominance and Submission" and "Astronomy". As a result of constant touring, the band was now capable of headlining arenas; the album continued the trend of growing sales, would go gold. As the three albums during this formative period all had black-and-white covers, the peri