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Death-doom is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. It combines the slow tempos and pessimistic or depressive mood of doom metal with the deep growling vocals and double kick drumming of death metal; the genre emerged in the late-1980s and gained a certain amount of popularity during the 1990s, but had become less common by the turn of the 21st century. In turn, death-doom gave rise to the related genre of funeral doom as well as to the more melodic and romantic gothic metal; the first signs of the death/doom genre originated in the mid-1980s when early progenitors like Dream Death began to mix traditional doom metal with the sounds of the nascent death metal scene. Early records in 1990s by such bands as Autopsy, Paradise Lost, My Dying Bride and Anathema combined the doom sound of mid-1980s Celtic Frost and Candlemass with the use of growling vocals, female vocals, keyboards and, in the case of My Dying Bride, violins; the influence of these bands has been acknowledged by the likes of gothic metal bands Within Temptation, Lacuna Coil, The Gathering, Celestial Season and Saturnus.

The tag of death/doom seemed to become less popular towards the end of the decade as many of the scene progenitors abandoned their early sound to embrace a more accessible or palatable direction. However, the style persists in the form of funeral doom, a genre that crosses death-doom with funeral dirge music, it is played at a slow tempo, places an emphasis on evoking a sense of emptiness and despair. Electric guitars are distorted and dark ambient aspects such as keyboards or synthesizers are used to create a "dreamlike" atmosphere. Vocals consist of mournful chants or growls and are in the background. Funeral doom was pioneered by Mournful Congregation, Evoken, Funeral and Skepticism

Penis captivus

Penis captivus is a rare occurrence during sexual intercourse when the muscles in the vagina clamp down on the penis much more than usual, making it impossible for the penis to be withdrawn from the vagina. According to a 1979 article in the British Medical Journal, this condition was unknown in the twentieth century, but a subsequent letter to the same journal reported an apparent case of penis captivus in 1947. Penis captivus should not be confused with vaginismus, though a relation between the supposed event of penis captivus and the occurrence of vaginismus is assumed in the existing descriptions. In an article published in the British Medical Journal in 1979, Dr F. Kräupl Taylor reviewed the literature on penis captivus and concluded that while "almost all the cases mentioned in medical publications and in textbooks are based on hearsay and rumour", two papers published by nineteenth-century German gynaecologists – Scanzoni and Hildebrandt – who had dealt with cases of the condition "leave no doubt about the reality of this unusual symptom", however, "is so rare that it is regarded nowadays as no more than a prurient myth".

Scanzoni's patient was "a healthy young woman, married for six months". She and her husband had to abstain from sexual intercourse because her intense vaginal contractions were "most painful to him and... did on several occasions end in a spasm... which sometimes lasted more than ten minutes and made it impossible for the couple to separate". Hildebrandt's patient had been married for about a year. Sexual intercourse with her husband had always been painless until one particular evening. Hildebrandt gives the husband's account of what happened: He reported that just at the moment when he thought intercourse, quite normal till had come to an end, he felt that he, or rather his glans, was held back deep in the vagina gripped and imprisoned, while his whole penis was in the vagina. All attempts at withdrawal failed; when he forced the attempts, he caused severe pain to his wife. Bathed in perspiration through agitation and his failure to free himself, he was forced to resign himself to waiting in patience.

He could not say how many minutes this lasted, his imprisonment seemed endless. — the hindrance vanished on its own. Finding no reports that were properly authenticated, Kräupl Taylor was of the opinion that the symptom "does not seem to have occurred in the past 100 years or so. If there had been, during that time, a case of penis captivus that needed medical intervention or admission to hospital it would have been eagerly reported in a medical journal with as much detail and evidence as possible."In a letter published in the British Medical Journal in 1980 in response to Kräupl Taylor's article, Dr Brendan Musgrave recalled that in 1947 when he was a houseman at the Royal Isle of Wight County Hospital he had seen a case of this rare condition. "I can distinctly remember the ambulance drawing up and two young people, a honeymoon couple I believe, being carried on a single stretcher into the casualty department. An anaesthetic was given to the female and they were discharged the same morning."

To check the veracity of his memory, Dr. Musgrave had rung his old friend Dr S. W. Wolfe, "who was the other houseman at the hospital at the time, he confirmed my story, his exact words being'I remember it well.'"In her memoir An Impossible Woman, Graham Greene's friend Dottoressa Elisabeth Moor recounts how she was once urgently called to the Hotel Eden-Paradiso in Anacapri, Italy. "And there I found a young German girl, in the bathtub in a pool of blood, who begged me to do what I could. The girl had been having sex with a man and her vagina had clamped around his swollen penis. In freeing his penis, the man had inflicted "a bleeding tear. A deep wound." He had fled. After Dottoressa Moor had staunched the bleeding, she and a colleague she had summoned stitched the girl up. "She healed well." Dottoressa Moor adds, "These cases are not as rare as you think." She mentions – though only as hearsay – "a much worse case" involving a Swiss girl that occurred in Lucerne, during the war and resulted in "dreadful injuries" when the man panicked: "they had got stuck inside each other.

It needed two or three doctors to help to undo them."In November 2016, a case was reported in Kisii town, Kenya. It is alleged; the story was captured once the lady cried out for help, attracting the attention of those around prompting them to intervene. They were carried to a witch-doctor, alleged to have managed to separate them by performing rituals; the story was by authentic media stations in the country. A report of the phenomenon in an 1884 article by one Egerton Yorrick Davis in the Philadelphia Medical News was discovered to be a hoax perpetrated by Sir William Osler. Historians speculate that he was annoyed by an editorial published in the same journal by Dr. Theophilus Parvin, "An Uncommon Form of Vaginismus". Both men served on that respected journal's editorial board. In the 1974 film Sweet Movie, the event occurs to Miss Canada and El Macho while having sex on the Eiffel Tower, interrupted by some sightseeing nuns; the 1986 UK film Car Trouble deals with penis captivus in a black comedy context, in the 1998 film Urban Legend a couple suffering from the condition call in to a radio show.

Episode 3 of season 3 of the American medical drama Code Black featured a couple brought to ER for this condition. Bulbus glandis Copulatory tie A case of penis captivus in the Philippines, GMA News, August 12, 2009 Kremer, William

The National Club

The National Club is a private club founded in 1874 for business professionals located in the Financial District of Downtown Toronto, Canada. It provides private meeting facilities and accommodations to its members and guests; the National Club was founded by Ontario Letters Patent on July 6, 1874. There were 24 members in the original roster; the National Club was created to provide a home and Toronto focus for Canada First, a nationalist movement founded in 1868 by George Denison, Henry Morgan, Charles Mair, William Foster and Robert Grant Haliburton. Canada First sought to “promote a sense of national purpose and to lay the intellectual foundations for Canadian nationality.” On March 30, 1875, the National Club moved into rented premises on the west side of Bay Street south of the building that housed the original Toronto Stock Exchange. The Club's first president was Dr. Goldwin Smith, a prominent historian and journalist, supporter of the Canada First movement, his First Vice President was the second Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.

Other founders included the Hon. Edward Blake, Ontario's first premier, Sir Oliver Mowat, Ontario's second premier. By the 1880s, the Canada First movement disappeared and the National Club had established itself as a general business and social club for Toronto's business and political leaders of all affiliations. In 1903, $50,000 of a total estimated construction cost of $90,000 was raised by subscription among National Club members to purchase a lot and build a new clubhouse at 303 Bay Street. On September 12, 1906 the cornerstone was laid and on December 17, 1907, the National Club's new premises opened; the Globe newspaper the following day described the new premises designed by noted Toronto architect S. George Curry as “Architecturally... a triumph.” The building is protected under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act since March 17, 1976, enjoys a heritage easement agreement since July 16, 1984. It was designed by S. G. Curry, of the Sproatt & Rolph architectural firm; the firm of Sproatt & Rolph was responsible for designing a number of other Toronto landmarks, including Hart House, the Canada Life Building, the Fairmont Royal York Hotel, Bishop Strachan School, Eaton's College Street store, the Canada Permanent Trust building across the street from The National Club.

The National Club is one of the few remaining intact buildings on Bay Street from this period. The National Club maintains its historic clubhouse at 303 Bay Street, composed of three large principal dining rooms, eleven private meeting rooms and three lounges. A new rooftop patio and enclosure was opened in early 2014. A major renovation was undertaken in 2017-18 that created a new bistro-style wine bar and open kitchen dining facility on the front of the 4th floor of the Club called the "1874 Bar & Grill"; the National Club has six rooms of hotel-style accommodations for visiting guests. The red brick, four-storey Georgian building has undergone several periods of extensive internal renovation in its history to maintain both the cosmetic and mechanical aspects of the facilities. In 2014 the National Club received the "Club of the Year Award" from the Canadian Society of Club Managers; the National Club has a significant collection of Canadian art and a wine cellar with 40,000 bottles. Stained glass windows in the Main Dining Room depicting the arms of Canada and the provinces were created by the Toronto company of Pringle & London, which worked with Tiffany & Co. and installed many of the Toronto church and cathedral stained glass windows in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

The National Club is connected to the Toronto PATH system of concourses and tunnels through an unmarked door leading to the lower level of the Scotia Plaza. The National Club is affiliated with 250 other private clubs in Canada and around the world, providing its members with reciprocal dining and accommodation privileges. Members must be men or women over the age of 21 years and be of good character, be reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors.. The National Club has 500 resident members, in addition to members in senior and other categories; the National Club was one of the earliest Toronto private city clubs to extend full membership to women in 1992. The membership of the former Ontario Club joined the National Club in 2010 after the lease expired on its own clubhouse in Commerce Court; the National Club has had on its roster a number of noted Canadians, including many national and provincial politicians. Sir Wilfrid Laurier was an early member and sat for a portrait after opening the current clubhouse in 1907.

Others include: The Hon. Lincoln M. Alexander, 26th lt. Gov. Ontario Joseph E. Atkinson, founder of the Toronto Star newspaper Wilfrid Dinnick, developer of Toronto's Lawrence Park Estates Timothy Eaton, founder of Eaton's department stores Gerhardt Heintzman, founder of Heintzman Pianos Sidney Hermant, President of Imperial Optical JP Hynes, renowned Canadian architect responsible for the design of the Hotel Victoria Edward J. Lennox, noted architect responsible for the design of Old City Hall, Casa Loma and King Edward Hotel John Northway, founder of Northway Department Stores Henry Patten, General Manager, Toronto Transportation Commission Robert Simpson, founder of Simpson's department stores Fred Smye, President of Avro Aircraft Limited In 1996, the National Club was granted its own arms and flag by the Canadian Heraldic Authority. Official website Official blog Toronto's Historical Plaques – National Club Toronto's Historical Plaques – The "Canada First" Movement

Lillian Baker

Lillian Baker was a conservative author and lecturer She is known for supporting Japanese-American Internment throughout her career. Lillian Baker was the widow of a World War II veteran. In the 1970s, Baker and others in California objected to the words "concentration camp" on a proposed state historical marker at the site of Manzanar, she opposed efforts to designate Manzanar a national historic site. Baker downplayed the suffering of Japanese-American internees during the war, she justified Japanese-American Internment, opposed the government to formally apologize to interned Japanese Americans, pay reparations to Japanese-American internees. During testimony in front of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, Baker assaulted Nisei veteran James Kawaminami, attempting to snatch the papers from his hands, she wrote several books on the topic of Japanese-American internment. Lillian Baker was a founder of the Americans for Historical Accuracy, she founded the International Club for the Collection of Hatpins and Hatpin Holders.

In 1976, she was regional campaign manager for S. I. Hayakawa's U. S. Senate bid in California. Baker was awarded by the conservative Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge. Baker died on Oct. 1996 at her home in Gardena. Michelle Malkin conservative blogger, political commentator, author of In Defense of Internment, which defended Japanese American Internment, the racial profiling of Arabs. "ANAHEIM: WWII Internment Books Spur Protest". Los Angeles Times. December 6, 1991. Lillian Baker. Concentration Camp Conspiracy: A Second Pearl Harbor. Afha Publications. Lillian Baker; the japanning of America: redress & reparations demands by Japanese-Americans. Webb Research Group. Lillian Baker. Dishonoring America: The Collective Guilt of American Japanese. Webb Research Group. Lillian Baker. Dishonoring America: The Collective Guilt of American Japanese. Webb Research Group. Lillian Baker. American and Japanese relocation in World War II: fact, fiction & fallacy. Webb Research Group Publishers

Solla Solla Inikkum

Solla Solla Inikkum is a 2009 Tamil film directed by G. Murailappas, who earlier directed Raasi with Ajith and Rambha; the film stars Navdeep and Mallika Kapoor in lead roles. Prakash Raj, Sara Alambara, Santhanam and Ashish Vidyarthi play other supporting roles in this film; the film was launched on 14 May 2008, released Summer 2009. Sathya, the son of Vijayakumar, completes his degree and spends time with friends Guru and Sathyan, among others. Life goes uncomplicated. What starts; when he proposes to her, she turns it down, saying that it was only friendship and nothing more than that. Next comes Meghna, what starts as love between them ends the same. Meghna insists they part as lovers. Sathya comes across Radhika, they become close friends, so is Guru with her. When Sathya decides to inform Radhika about his desire to marry her, she throws a bombshell by saying that she and Guru are in love with each other. Guru takes her for a ride. After using her, he deserts her. Sathya ensures that both get married.

Guru seeks solace with Bhadri Narayanan. A do-gooder and influential man in the society, he takes sides with Guru. Sathya tongs and ensures that all ends well. Enters Anu in his life; the soundtrack was composed by Bharathwaj. Official website

Collinsville, Connecticut

Collinsville is a village and census-designated place in the town of Canton, Hartford County, United States. The population was 3,746 at the 2010 census; the central portion of the village is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was built around the Collins Company Axe Factory, a manufacturer of edge tools, such as axes, machetes and knives. Collins machetes were the brand of choice in South America. Collins tools were used exclusively for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, axes and picks made their way across the country to be used in the California Gold Rush. Admiral Peary carried Collins tools to the North Pole. Typical of New England mills, the Collins Company axe factory was sited on a river, their production was powered by utilizing the water's strength to turn turbines and power machines; the numerous old buildings ramble along the riverbanks intertwined by an intricate maze of sluices that run throughout the site. The company closed its doors in 1966, but the factory buildings stayed standing and are now rented out to local businesses.

The ambiance of Main Street reflects period architecture with ornate details from the start of the 20th century. According to historian Diana Muir writing in Reflections in Bullough's Pond, it was in Collinsville that Elisha Root invented the important industrial technique of die casting. Root was employed by Samuel W. Collins whose Collins and Company was the largest manufacturer of axes in the nineteenth century. Collinsville hosts an annual Halloween Parade through the historic town; the parade is held on the last Saturday of October at 7 p.m. Children's activities begin at 6 p.m. Collinsville was voted one of the "Top 10 Coolest Small Towns in America" in the September 2007 issue of Arthur Frommer's Budget Travel magazine. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.6 square miles, of which 3.1 square miles is land and 0.42 square miles, or 11.79%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,686 people, 1,080 households, 723 families residing in the CDP.

The population density was 871.8 people per square mile. There were 1,128 housing units at an average density of 366.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.54% White, 0.56% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population. There were 1,080 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.91. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $60,690, the median income for a family was $66,550. Males had a median income of $44,414 versus $37,679 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $29,050. About 1.4% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Collinsville is located directly on the Farmington River, is a common place for people to walk and bike to, due to its convenient location along the Rails to Trails path. There are many cultural attractions in this town center, including LaSalle Restaurant, where customers are allowed to leave before paying, return when they have finished eating, to pay. On Sundays and other occasions, there are live music demonstrations in the parking lot outside; the Canton Historical Museum is located in a former Collins Company factory building built in 1865. Constructed to finish and assemble agricultural plows, the building was converted in 1924 to a recreational facility for its employees.

Fred Widen, a pattern maker for the company, used a portion of the building for his large collection of Collins memorabilia. Today, the Canton Historical Society owns the 14,000+ sq. ft. building and has a large assortment of Collins Tools, as well as many Victorian items, a general store, farm/agricultural equipment, children's toys, a Bridal Parlor featuring wedding dresses worn by Canton residents from the late 1800s. Of interest, are several Regina music boxes, a large pump fire engine, used by the Collins Company, an Edison phonograph and Edison fans. Upstairs, the Farmington Valley Railroad Society operates a railroad diorama of the village of Collinsville around the start of the 20th century. A research and genealogical library containing thousands of documents and photographs related to Canton and Collinsville history is located upstairs, including black and white photos of the 1955 flood. Information about local cemeteries in Canton and Collinsville are available in the library; the museum covers three floors with limited handicap accessibility, but plans are underway to make the building more accessible in the future.

In the 19th century, a Collinsville butcher feuded with his neighbor. To spite his neighbor, the butcher built between their adjoining houses a narrow, two-story structure with windows covered by Venetian blinds; the wooden building located between 23 and 25 River Street was the width of a standard stairway and allowed the butcher to block the sun to the neighbor's home and block the neighbor's