Death was an American death metal band from Orlando, founded in 1983 by guitarist and vocalist Chuck Schuldiner. Death is considered to be among the most influential bands in heavy metal and a pioneering force in the extreme metal subgenre of death metal, their debut album, Scream Bloody Gore, has been regarded as the first death metal record. Death had a revolving lineup, with Schuldiner being the sole consistent member; the group's style progressed, from the raw sound on its first two albums to a more sophisticated one in its stage. The band ceased to exist after Schuldiner died of glioma and pneumonia in December 2001, but remains an enduring influence on heavy metal. Founded in 1983 by Chuck Schuldiner under the original name of Mantas in Orlando, Death was among the more known early pioneers of the death metal sound, along with California's Possessed. In the late 80s, the band was both a part of and integral in defining the death metal scene which gained international recognition with the release of albums by a number of area acts.
Together with Kam Lee, Rick Rozz, Schuldiner started to compose songs that were released on several rehearsal tapes in 1984. These tapes, along with the Death by Metal demo, circulated through the tape-trader world establishing the band's name. In 1984, Schuldiner dissolved Mantas and started a new band under the name Death. Tim Aymar, in an article written in December 2010, states that Chuck Schuldiner renamed the band Death in order to turn his experience of the death of his brother Frank years earlier into "something positive", its members again included Kam Lee. Another demo was released, called Reign of Terror. In 1985, the Infernal Death tape was released. Rick Rozz was out of the band by early 1985. Kam Lee played with Scott Carlson and Matt Olivo and guitarist of the band Genocide for a short time. However, Kam had some "personal problems". Olivo and Carlson left soon afterward. Schuldiner moved to the San Francisco Bay Area and recruited Dirty Rotten Imbeciles drummer Eric Brecht recorded the Back from the Dead demo.
However, Chuck was not happy with this incarnation of Death and moved back to Florida without a band. In 1986, Schuldiner got an invitation from early Canadian thrash metal band Slaughter to play on their album, which he accepted, moving to Canada. However, this only lasted two weeks, he returned to the States, he returned to Florida moved back to the San Francisco Bay Area again, where he joined with 17-year-old drummer Chris Reifert. They recorded the Mutilation demo, which led to a deal with Combat Records, owned by Important Distribution, that enabled them to record the first LP. Scream Bloody Gore was released in 1987 considered a genre template for death metal; the band had a second guitar player, John Hand, but he did not appear on the album. By this time Schuldiner had moved back to Florida, splitting with Reifert who had chosen to remain in California, where he went on to form Autopsy. There, Schuldiner teamed up with former bandmate Rick Rozz and two members of Rozz's band Massacre, Terry Butler and Bill Andrews.
In 1988, that line-up recorded Leprosy. After much touring in support of the album, including a quick and ill-planned tour of Europe, Rick Rozz was fired in 1989. After a tour of Mexico featuring guitarist Paul Masvidal, a replacement was found in James Murphy, with whom the third album Spiritual Healing was recorded in Tampa in the summer of 1989. Murphy left the band quickly. By this time Schuldiner abandoned the "gore" lyrical theme for more social critique and melody was added to the band's sound. In 1990, on the eve of a European tour, Schuldiner decided against traveling, claiming at the last minute that he felt the tour was not adequately organized. Andrews and Butler continued with the tour of Europe as'Death' to fulfill the band's contractual obligations, recruited roadies Walter Trachsler and Louie Carrisalez to replace Schuldiner, much to Schuldiner's shock and disgust. Schuldiner took legal action and Butler and Andrews were fired from the band. Schuldiner abandoned the idea of a band set-up altogether and began working with session musicians only.
Schuldiner hired Steve Di Giorgio and recruited Sean Reinert and Paul Masvidal from underground Florida band Cynic. In 1991, Death released Human, considered a more technical and progressive album than their previous works, incorporating complex rhythms and song structures. Human was Death's best-selling album yet, receiving many accolades and some MTV play for the group's first video, directed by David Bellino, for the track "Lack of Comprehension". Due to obligations with his primary band Sadus, Di Giorgio was forced to depart after the recording of Human and new bassist Skott Carino did Death's extensive world tour, from October 1991 until March 1992, in addition to appearing in the music video for "Lack of Comprehension". Schuldiner fired his manager Eric Greif after Spiritual Healing but settled and re-hired him before the recording of Human. Although there were at least two lawsuits between Greif and Schuldiner, Schuldiner was characteristically mellow in an interview with Thrash'n Burn about what the writer referred to as his "gruesome collaboration" with Greif: "We just came to the conclusion that it was stupid just fighting all the time, taking each
Amalio Rafael Carreño Adrián is a former Major League Baseball right-handed relief pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Phillies. In his "cup of coffee" major league career, Carreño had a 0–0 record, with two strikeouts and 16.20 of earned run average in 3.1 innings pitched. Carreño started his professional career with the New York Yankees, who signed him as an amateur free agent in 1983, he spent the 1984 season with the minor league rookie affiliate of the Yankees. He pitched in nine games and started in seven of them, winning one game, losing six, finishing with an ERA of 4.91. He pitched in one game the following season, in 1986 split time between the GCL and Fort Lauderdale Yankees of the Florida State League. After seven games with GCL, going 5–0 with a 1.70 ERA, Carreño was promoted to Fort Lauderdale, where he pitched in three games, winning one and losing one. In 1987, Carreño pitched for three teams in the Yankees organization: the Prince William Yankees, the Albany-Colonie Yankees, the Columbus Clippers.
He spent the first part of the season with Prince William was promoted to Columbus, where his outings included two shutout innings at the AAA level. After 11 appearances with Columbus, he was sent back to Prince William, pitching a complete game in his return appearance, he finished his time at Prince William with a 5–2 record and a 3.03 ERA. Late in the season, he was spent the rest of the season there. In November, the Yankees placed him on the 40-man roster. At the start of the 1988 season, the Yankees signed Carreño to a one-year contract and invited him to spring training. After pitching with the Yankees in March, he was sent along with Clay Parker to Albany-Colonie, he was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies on July 1988, for Luis Aguayo. Carreño finished the season with three wins, four losses, a 4.07 ERA in 14 appearances. He remained with the Reading Phillies for the following two years. In 1989, he pitched in 31 games, starting 11, had a 4.34 ERA and 5–7 record. He was invited to spring training for the Phillies, but was unable to do so after missing a flight out of Venezuela.
He was sent to Reading after spring training ended, moved into the starting rotation for them. On August 25, Carreño was on the losing side of a perfect game thrown by Kevin Morton, losing the game 1–0, he finished the season with a 4 -- a 3.66 ERA in 23 starts. After being re-signed by Philadelphia in 1991, Carreño started the season with the AAA-level Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons. After spending the first three months of the season with the Red Barons, the Phillies placed Roger McDowell on the disabled list and called Carreño up to the major league roster, he made his major league debut on July 7, along with Tim Mauser against the New York Mets made two more appearances. In his final appearance on July 14, he was ejected when he struck Steve Decker with a pitch after being warned not to, he was sent back down to Scranton the next day, finished the season with them. In 33 games, Carreño had four wins, eight losses, a 5.33 ERA. At the end of the 1991 season, Carreño became a free agent, he participated in spring training with them.
He did not earn a spot on the roster, his professional baseball career was over. List of players from Venezuela in Major League Baseball Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Pura Pelota Venezuelan Professional Baseball League statistics
The Mazda MX-5 is the third generation of the Mazda MX-5 manufactured from 2005 to 2015. At its introduction in 2005, it won the Car of the Year Japan Award and made Car and Driver's 10Best list from 2006 to 2013; the NC is the first MX-5 generation to feature a retractable hardtop variant, with its roof being able to fold and unfold in 12 seconds without sacrificing trunk space. The exterior styling resembled the original design, but unlike the update from NA to NB, a nose/tail/interior change, the NC shares no components with the NB, except for the fender-mounted turn signal lights on non-U. S. Models; the lead stylist of this model generation was Moray Callum, taking inspiration from the 2003 Mazda Ibuki concept car. The suspension changed from a 4-wheel double wishbone setup to a front wishbone/rear multilink setup, shared with the Mazda RX-8. Technologies including traction control and stability control were added to increase driveability. According to Car and Driver, the NC has a skidpad number of 0.90g.
For the U. S. the engine was the 16-valve, 2.0 L MZR LF-VE DOHC I4, producing 130 kW and 190 N⋅m of torque coupled to either a 5-speed or a 6-speed manual transmission or 118 kW with the optional 6-speed automatic transmission. A limited-slip differential was available with the 6-speed option. In Australia, the 2.0 L MZR was offered, rated at 118 kW and 188 N⋅m of torque and the 6-speed transmission and LSD are standard. In Europe, two engines were offered: the 2.0 L MZR LF-VE rated at 118 kW and 188 N⋅m of torque, coupled to the 6-speed manual transmission. A six-speed automatic transmission, with steering wheel mounted paddle shifters, was optional. A test by Car and Driver magazine revealed a 0-97 km/h time of 6.5 s for the 2.0 L U. S.-spec NC. Manufacturer figures for the European-spec model are: 0-100 km/h in 9.4 s and 7.9 s. As of this generation, the car no longer complies with Japanese law's maximum exterior width dimension for the mid-size vehicle tax class, making Japanese buyers liable for additional costs for ownership.
In July 2006, Mazda debuted a Power Retractable Hard Top version of the NC with a two-piece folding hardtop, named MX-5 Roadster Coupé in Europe, Roadster Power Retractable Hard Top in Japan, MX-5 Miata Power Retractable Hard Top in the U. S. and Canada. Designed by Webasto and constructed of polycarbonate, the top requires 12 seconds to raise or lower, the first models were delivered to customers in late August 2006; the hardtop adds 36 kg to the weight of a comparably equipped soft-top, without diminishing trunk space when retracted. The PRHT omits the soft-top's storage compartments behind the seats to accommodate the folding roof mechanism. Performance times are affected with the weight increase, to 9.6 s and 8.2 s from 0-100 km/h, but top speed is increased from 196 km/h to 200 km/h and from 210 km/h to 215 km/h, for the European-spec model. Troy Lee Designs MX-5 Introduced at the 2005 SEMA Show, the Troy Lee Designs MX-5 NC was a one-off model that featured a custom silver/black paint scheme by L&G Enterprises, a body kit with rear deck cover designed by Keith Dean, 18" Volk Racing wheels, Wilwood brakes, a custom black/red leather interior trim by Stitchcraft.
3rd Generation Limited Making its debut at the 2005 New York International Auto Show, the 3rd Generation Limited was a launch edition of the MX-5 NC which featured added chrome accents, stainless steel scuff plates, special 17" wheels. Velocity Red was an exclusive color to this edition. A limited run of 3,500 were built worldwide. MS-R Package The MS-R package was designed to enhance the on-track performance of the MX-5 in Sports Car Club of America Showroom Stock B road racing and C-Stock autocrossing; the MS-R package is based on the SV model MX-5, which includes a 124 kW 2.0-liter four-cylinder MZR engine, five-speed manual transmission, four-wheel disc brakes. The package adds a limited-slip differential, front shock-tower brace, underbody chassis bracing, 17" alloy wheels, Koni shock absorbers, racing-specific front and rear sway bars, higher-rate springs to provide a lower ride height and a rear lip spoiler. Roadster Kurenai Concept Introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Auto Salon, the Kurenai Concept was a PRHT model in Radiant Ebony color with chrome accents, custom 17" alloy wheels, a red leather and alcantara interior.
2008 Special EditionFor 2008, Mazda released a Special Edition MX-5 with an Icy Blue exterior and exclusive Dark Saddle Brown folding top, matching leather with blue stitching on the steering wheel and hand brake lever. The Special Edition featured a silver-accented shift knob, dark-silver finished instrument panel with chrome accents, special 17" alloy wheels, stainless steel MX-5 scuff plates, chrome front headlight bezels, as well as grille and fog lamp surrounds; the 2008 Special Edition was limited to 105 PRHT-equipped units in Canada and 750 soft-top units in the U. S. MX-5 Niseko Named after the Niseko Mt. Resort Grand Hirafu, the Europe-exclusive MX-5 Niseko was offered in either the 1.8-liter soft-top or 2.0-liter PRHT, with the 5-speed manual being the only