Death Row Records

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Death Row Records
Deathrowlogobig.jpg
Parent company Entertainment One
Founded 1991 (1991)
Founder
Defunct 2009 (2009)
Status Inactive
Genre
Country of origin U.S.
Location Los Angeles, California

Death Row Records (formerly Future Shock Entertainment and Tha Row Records) was an American record label founded in 1991 by Suge Knight, The D.O.C and Dr. Dre. The label became a sensation by releasing multi-platinum hip-hop albums by West Coast-based artists such as Dr. Dre (The Chronic), Snoop Dogg (Doggystyle), Tha Dogg Pound (Dogg Food), Tupac Shakur (All Eyez on Me) during the 1990s. At its peak, Death Row Records was making over 100 million dollars a year.[1]

By the late 1990s the label began to decline after the shooting death of its star artist, Tupac Shakur, imprisonment of co-founder Suge Knight, and the departure of popular act Snoop Dogg. Although Death Row was enjoying financial success, it was embroiled in controversies, lawsuits, and violence by its artists and associates. Lydia Harris and her husband Michael Harris sued Death Row Records in 2002, due to Michael Harris not getting his $70 million from Death Row CEO and Chairman Suge Knight. Lydia and Michael Harris won the case and took home $120 million. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2006 and was auctioned to WIDEawake Entertainment $18,000,000 on January 15, 2009.[2][3]

History[edit]

In the late-1980s, producer Dr. Dre was a member of N.W.A, signed to friend Eazy-E's Ruthless Records. As head of production at the label, Dre produced a large number of Ruthless projects, many of them successful; feeling the pressures of having to produce so many acts and feeling he was underpaid, Dr. Dre became frustrated with Ruthless Records.[4] After the departure of Ice Cube in 1989 over financial disagreements with N.W.A. manager Jerry Heller,[5] Suge Knight and fellow Ruthless artist, The D.O.C. went over the books with a lawyer. Convinced that Heller was dishonest, they approached Dr. Dre about forming a label with them, away from Heller and Eazy-E.[6] Allegedly using strong-arm tactics, Knight was able to procure contracts from Eazy-E for The D.O.C., Dr. Dre and Ruthless singer, Michel'le.[7]

Dr. Dre, Suge Knight along with partners The D.O.C. and SOLAR Records founder Dick Griffey (funding also came from Chippendales founders Bruce Nahin and Somen Banerjee) began the process of starting a record label and music partnership in anticipation of Dre's departure from Ruthless Records. Although the name of their new music venture was originally called Future Shock Entertainment, The D.O.C. claimed to have suggested changing the name of the new label to "Def Row"[8] (a play on the hip-hop label Def Jam),[9] but rights to the name were already owned by The Unknown DJ, who also happened to be one of Dre's former music associates in the 1980s. Unknown stated in an interview that he created the name "Def Row" for a potential deal to start another record label under Morgan Creek Entertainment Group.[10] However he later sold the naming rights to Dr. Dre and his partners in July 1991 and by 1992 the name changed to its eventual title of Death Row Records.[11] Knight approached Michael "Harry-O" Harris, a businessman imprisoned on drug and attempted murder charges. Through David Kenner, an attorney handling Harris's appeal, Harry-O set up Godfather, a parent company for the newly christened Death Row.[12]

Knight approached Vanilla Ice, using management connections with Mario "Chocolate" Johnson, claiming Johnson had produced the song "Ice Ice Baby", and had not received royalties for it.[13] After consulting with Alex Roberts, Knight and two bodyguards arrived at The Palm in West Hollywood, where Van Winkle was eating. After shoving Van Winkle's bodyguards aside, Knight sat down in front of Van Winkle, staring at him before asking "How you doin'?"[13] Similar incidents were repeated on several occasions, including alleged attempts to lure Vanilla Ice into a van filled with Bloods and Crips, before Knight showed up at Vanilla Ice's hotel suite on the fifteenth floor of the Bel Age Hotel, accompanied by Johnson and a member of the Oakland Raiders. According to Vanilla Ice, Knight took him out on the balcony by himself, and implied he would throw Vanilla Ice off unless he signed the rights to the song over to Knight; Van Winkle's money helped fund Death Row.[13] At one time, Death Row was located at the intersection of Wilshire Blvd. and San Vicente Blvd.[14] Knight was seen on several occasions leaving Alex Roberts' home in Malibu.

The Chronic and Ruthless Records feud[edit]

With the help of Kenner, Knight began signing young, inner-city California-based artists and arranged for Death Row Records to handle the soundtrack for the 1992 film, Deep Cover. The single, "Deep Cover", established Dr. Dre as a solo artist and a young Snoop "Doggy" Dogg as his protégé. Work soon began on The Chronic, Dr. Dre's debut solo album, which heavily featured Snoop and the rest of the label's core roster.

The album went on to sell 5,700,000 records in the US,[15] establishing the West Coast in the hip-hop industry and popularizing the distinctive style of G-Funk.[16]

Doggystyle[edit]

After finding solo success, Dr. Dre began crafting Snoop Dogg's debut album Doggystyle; the process took two years. Snoop's debut was released in 1993 due to public demand and high pressure from retailers. Though unfinished,[17] it outperformed The Chronic at Quadruple Platinum,[18] and garnered similarly glowing reviews.[19] Soon after the release of the album, Snoop Dogg was charged with murder,[20] fueling the debate that politicians C. Delores Tucker and Vice Presidential candidate Dan Quayle sparked[citation needed] by criticizing gangsta rap for being against American values, degrading to black women, and encouraging violence towards police officers.

Signing Tupac Shakur and Suge Knight's rise[edit]

By 1995, the label began to flood with Suge Knight's cronies—friends and gang members fresh out of jail, as well as off-duty LAPD officers later implicated in the Rampart scandal working as security. Emboldened, Knight began taking more control of the label and further sought the spotlight, while Dr. Dre receded into the background, shying away from the violent atmosphere and Suge Knight's newfound volatility. Tucker's pressure to conform extended to a joint proposal by herself and a Warner executive to set up a record label with Knight to put out content-controlled hip-hop music, which Knight billed as a breach of contract,[12] resulting in a switch in distribution from Time Warner to Interscope. At The Source Awards in 1995, the Death Row roster's performance garnered a poor reception from the mainly East Coast audience; Knight also made comments pertaining to Bad Boy CEO Puff Daddy, sparking friction between the two labels (and, soon after, the two entire coasts). Knight soon signed 2Pac while he was incarcerated on a sexual abuse conviction, after agreeing to post 2Pac's bail. At the same time, a rift between Michael and Lydia Harris and Suge and David Kenner began to grow, with the latter pair denying Harris' involvement in the company and refusing to take his phone calls.

Bad Boy Records feud and Dr. Dre's departure[edit]

2Pac began work on his Death Row album, kicking off his tenure by insulting The Notorious B.I.G., Junior M.A.F.I.A. and Puff Daddy (the founder of Bad Boy Records), whom he accused of setting him up to be robbed and shot at Quad Studios on November 30, 1994, as well as Mobb Deep, Jay-Z, A Tribe Called Quest, De La Soul, The Fugees and Nas. Tha Dogg Pound's debut album, Dogg Food, continued the label's streak of commercial successes; its members – rappers Kurupt and Daz Dillinger – then joined Snoop in ridiculing New York rappers with their single "New York, New York", featuring Snoop Dogg. The video, set in New York City, New York, was also heightened when the set was fired upon in a drive-by. After the shooting, Snoop Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound filmed scenes kicking down a building in New York. The single provoked a response called '"L.A., L.A." by East Coast rappers Capone-N-Noreaga, Tragedy Khadafi, and Mobb Deep.

Another report was that Sam Sneed was beaten in one of the label's meetings by a group of Death Row affiliates, led by Suge Knight and 2Pac. According to Daz Dillinger, the reason this happened was that Sam Sneed had too many East Coast rappers in his Lady Heroin music video.[21] Disillusioned with the direction of Death Row, artists RBX and The D.O.C. chose to leave, after which Suge Knight exercised tighter control over the rest of the roster.[12] Dogg Food was not produced by Dr. Dre but was mixed by Dr. Dre, a further testament to Dre's dwindling involvement with his own record label. Dr. Dre also grew tired of Knight's violence within the label, although he contributed toward two tracks on 2Pac's All Eyez on Me. The rest of the tracks on the album, however, were mostly produced by Daz Dillinger and Johnny J, despite Dr. Dre being nominally titled as Executive Producer. Shakur's behavior reportedly became erratic as he continued his verbal wars with The Notorious B.I.G., Bad Boy Records, Puff Daddy, Mobb Deep, and Prodigy, including many violent confrontations with many of those rappers at some points. In 1996, due to the infighting, Dr. Dre left Death Row Records to found Aftermath, which provoked 2Pac to turn against Dr. Dre.

M.C. Hammer's involvement and departure[edit]

Suge Knight's relationship with MC Hammer dates back to 1988. With the success of Hammer's 1994 album, The Funky Headhunter (featuring Tha Dogg Pound), Hammer signed with Death Row in 1995, along with Snoop Dogg and his close friend, 2Pac.[22] The label did not release the album of M.C. Hammer's music (titled Too Tight), although he did release versions of some tracks on his next album.[23][24] However, Hammer did record tracks with Shakur and others, most notably the song "Too Late Playa" (along with Big Daddy Kane and Danny Boy).[25][26] After the death of 2Pac in 1996, MC Hammer left Death Row Records.[27][28]

Tupac Shakur's murder and Suge Knight's incarceration[edit]

Formerly a united front of artists, Death Row's roster fractured into separate camps. Daz, now head producer, worked on Snoop Dogg's second album Tha Doggfather, which featured Bad Azz and Techniec of his LBC Crew, Warren G and Nate Dogg of his group 213 and Tha Dogg Pound. 2Pac shut himself into the studio with Hurt-M-Badd and Big "D", crafting The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory - unlike All Eyez on Me, it was devoid of high-profile Death Row guest appearances, instead showcasing The Outlawz and Bad Azz. Suge Knight was now barely reachable by his staff, and employees were assaulted as punishment for not following orders.[17]

During a trip to Las Vegas, Nevada, for a Mike Tyson boxing match, 2Pac was interviewed on the possibility of Death Row East, an East Coast branch of Death Row. It was also during this time, that Alex Roberts and David Kenner had been seen at Suge Knight's Vegas Club 662 in discussion about the possibility of having Roberts' New York underworld connections help pave the way for Death Row East. Though names from Big Daddy Kane and The Wu-Tang Clan to Eric B. and K-Solo were mentioned, the label would never be formed; On September 7, 1996, Suge Knight and 2Pac were caught on surveillance camera at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas attacking gang member Orlando Anderson who was a Southside Compton, California Crip. Later that night, 2Pac was shot four times in a drive-by shooting in the front seat of Suge Knight's BMW 750iL waiting at a red traffic light at crossroads; en route to Knight's Las Vegas Club 662;[29][30] despite living six days in critical condition, 2Pac died September 13, 1996.

Shakur's "The Don Killuminati: 7 Day Theory" was released in November 1996, just one week before Snoop Dogg's "Tha Doggfather". Both albums achieved Platinum sales. Suge Knight was convicted of parole violation and sentenced to nine years in prison, causing Interscope to drop their distribution deal with the label.[31] Suge Knight's control over the label diminished, as Nate Dogg was able to leave, followed by Snoop Dogg and Kurupt. After the release of her solo album, The Lady of Rage left. Daz Dillinger departed in 1999 but produced for Big C-Style, he later formed Dogg Pound Records. Kurupt returned to the label in 2002 upon Suge Knight's release from prison.[32]

Second generation exodus[edit]

Maintaining artistic control from behind bars, Suge Knight launched smear campaigns against his former artists, most notably Snoop Dogg.[citation needed] The label supported itself with releases pulled from vaults—most successfully various posthumous 2Pac albums, along with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg re-releases and then-unreleased compilation records such as Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000 and a Snoop Dogg compilation album Dead Man Walkin'. He signed new talent, including Crooked I who had been lighting up the Californian underground with his rhyming ability, particularly the Wake Up Show with Sway & King Tech. Suge Knight also signed Left Eye. He also appointed Cold 187um to oversee the 2Pac album Until the End of Time and Tha Dogg Pound's 2002.

Despite bad blood, Kurupt would again sign with Suge Knight in exchange for the position of Vice President, which sparked a feud between himself and Daz Dillinger and Snoop Dogg. He began work on Against tha Grain; his verbal feud with his former partners continued from 2002 to 2005.[33] Left Eye signed with Death Row after finishing her solo deal with Arista who released her 1st album Supernova in 2001. Lopez joined to record a 2nd solo album under the pseudonym N.I.N.A. (New Identity Not Applicable) she was also working on TLC's new album 3D. N.I.N.A. was cancelled after her death in April 2002. The album was leaked online in 2011.

After promoting his new talent from prison, directing a campaign against his former artists and exacerbating the conflict between Daz Dillinger and Kurupt,[34] Suge had still yet to release any albums by his new artists. After Kurupt's 2nd departure, Against tha Grain was released; soon after, citing dissatisfaction with serving 5 years on the label and seeing no release,[35] Rapper Crooked I left Death Row, eventually filing a gag order on Knight to prevent him from interfering with him finding a new deal.[36] Petey Pablo, who had signed in 2005 and started the never-released album Same Eyez on Me,[37] left along with rapper Tha Realest[38] in 2006.

Bankruptcy[edit]

On April 4, 2006 both Death Row Records and Suge Knight simultaneously filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection following the appointment of a Receiver to acquire and auction off assets of both Death Row Records and Suge Knight in the civil case filed by Lydia Harris against Suge Knight. Among those listed as unsecured creditors to Death Row include the Harrises, the Internal Revenue Service ($6,900,000), Koch Records ($3,400,000), Interscope Records ($2,500,000) and a number of artists previously signed to the label. Suge Knight eventually lost control of Death Row Records and his personal assets when Chapter 11 Trustees took over both cases.

From WIDEawake acquisition to E1[edit]

On January 15, 2009, Death Row was successfully auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake for $18 million USD. On January 25, 2009, an auction was held for everything found in the Death Row office after it filed for bankruptcy. Of note was the Death Row electric chair which went for $2500 USD.[39]

Since the acquisition, the company has continued to release material from its vast archives of materials acquired in the sale. Noteworthy releases include previously unreleased material from such artists as Snoop Dogg, Kurupt, Danny Boy, Crooked I, Sam Sneed, LBC Crew and O.F.T.B. Since the acquisition of the material, Money Mafia-Death Row, under the management of WIDEawake, has made many positive steps towards improving the image of Death Row by making good on its promise to make royalty payments to many of the artists, producers, and songwriters with commercially released material under the label. On "Record Store Day" April 18, 2012, the label has issued a free Death Row "Record Store Day" CD sampler which included music from Lord Autopz, Petey Pablo and Danny Boy

The Chronic Re-Lit was released on September 1, 2009. The album contained The Chronic re-mastered with seven 7 bonus songs from the vault by Snoop Doggy Dogg, CPO, Kurupt, Jewell, plus a DVD containing music videos, a Dr. Dre interview, a Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg mini movie, and 1992 television commercials for the original The Chronic release.[40]

Snoop Doggy Dogg – Death Row The Lost Sessions Vol 1[41] was released October 13, 2009 and contains 15 previously unreleased tracks with 4 being produced by Dr. Dre.

Death Row The Ultimate Collection[42] was released on November 24 and was a special box set containing 3 audio CDs (1 greatest hits disc and 2 discs of unreleased content), 1 DVD of music videos which includes the unreleased Dr. Dre music video "Puffin' On Blunts" and a limited edition Death Row T-shirt. The set boasts over 20 unreleased tracks by Snoop Doggy Dogg, Tha Dogg Pound, The Lady of Rage, Lord Autopz and Petey Pablo. During this period, there was a distribution venture between E1 and Wideawake Death Row.

On 10 December 2012, New Solutions Financial Corp., the Canadian company that owned WIDEawake Death Row, had gone bankrupt and sold both the label and catalog to a publicly held company[43] In 2013, E1 purchased the rights to the Death Row catalog. The Group invested £175 million in content rights and television programmes in the year (2012: £135.8 million) and £4.2 million (6 million $) to purchase the music library assets of Death Row.[44]

Former artists[edit]

Discography[edit]

Year Album information
1992 Dr. DreThe Chronic
1993 Snoop Doggy Dogg – Doggystyle
1994 Above the Rim
  • Released: March 22, 1994
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Regulate", "Anything", "Afro Puffs", "Part-Time Lover"
Murder Was The Case
1995 Tha Dogg PoundDogg Food
1996 2PacAll Eyez On Me
Makaveli (2Pac) – The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
Snoop Doggy DoggTha Doggfather
Death Row Greatest Hits
  • Released: November 26, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.36 Billboard
Christmas on Death Row
  • Released: December 5, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.155 Billboard
  • Singles: "Santa Clause Goes Straight to the Ghetto"
1997 Gridlock'd
  • Released: January 28, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Platinum
  • Singles: "Wanted Dead or Alive", "Lady Heroin", "It's Over Now"
Lady of RageNecessary Roughness
  • Released: June 4, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.32
  • Singles: "Sho Shot", "Get Wit' Da Wickedness"
Gang Related
  • Released: October 7, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x platinum
  • Singles: "Made Niggaz"
1998 Daz DillingerRetaliation, Revenge and Get Back
  • Released: March 31, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.8 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "In California", "It Might Sound Crazy"
Michel'leHung Jury
  • Released: August 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.56 Billboard
  • Singles: "Hang Tyme", "Can I Get A Witness?"
2PacGreatest Hits
  • Released: November 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.3 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Diamond (10x Platinum)
  • Singles: "Changes", "Unconditional Love"
1999 Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000
  • Released: April 27, 1999
  • Chart positions: No.11 Billboard
  • RIAA certifications: Gold
  • Singles: "Who Do U Believe In?", "Like It or Not"
2000 Too Gangsta for Radio
  • Released: September 26, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.171 Billboard
  • Singles: "Thug Nature"
Snoop Doggy DoggDead Man Walkin'
  • Released: October 31, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.24 Billboard
  • Singles: "Head Doctor"
2001 Tha Dogg Pound2002
  • Released: July 31, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.36 Billboard
  • Singles: "Just Doggin'"
Snoop Doggy DoggDeath Row: Snoop Doggy Dogg at His Best
  • Released: October 23, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.28 Billboard
  • Singles:
2PacUntil the End of Time
2002 2PacBetter Dayz
2003 Dysfunktional Family
  • Released: March 11, 2003
  • Chart positions: No.95 Billboard
  • Singles: "Dysfunktional Family"
2PacNu-Mixx Klazzics
  • Released: October 7, 2003
  • Chart positions: No.15 Billboard
2005 The Very Best of Death Row
  • Released: February 22, 2005
KuruptAgainst the Grain
  • Released: August 23, 2005
  • Chart positions: No.60 Billboard
2007 2PacNu-Mixx Klazzics Vol. 2
  • Released: August 14, 2007
  • Chart positions: No.45 Billboard
2009 Dr. DreThe Chronic Re-Lit
  • Released: September 1, 2009
Snoop Doggy DoggDeath Row: The Lost Sessions Vol. 1
  • Released: October 13, 2009
  • Chart positions:No.129 Billboard
Death Row The Ultimate Collection
  • Released: November 24, 2009
2010 KuruptDown & Dirty
  • Released: April 9, 2010
Danny BoyIt's About Time
  • Released: April 20, 2010
Crooked IHood Star
  • Released: June 16, 2010
2011 Sam SneedStreet Scholars
  • Released: January 25, 2011
LBC CrewHaven't You Heard...
  • Released: February 8, 2011
O.F.T.B.Damn Near Dead
  • Released: July 12, 2011
JewellBlack Diamond
  • Released: TBC, November 2011
2012 20 To Life: Volume 1
  • Released: May 1, 2018

align="left"|Young G FreezyF.U.P.M

  • Released: May 2, 2018
Tha Dogg Pound - Doggy Bag
  • Released: July 3, 2012
20 To Life: Volume 2
  • Released: September 25, 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ro, Ronin (1999). Have Gun Will Travel: The Spectacular Rise and Violent Fall of Death Row Records. Broadway Books. ISBN 0385491352.
  2. ^ "Tha Row Records - Company Profile". Referenceforbusiness.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Warner To Acquire Death Row Records?". HipHopDX. February 6, 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  4. ^ Ruthless (Heller/Reavill, 2007) ISBN 1-4169-1794-2
  5. ^ Ice Cube: Attitude (McIver, 2002) ISBN 1-86074-428-1
  6. ^ "Interview with DOC". Archive.today. March 26, 2006. Archived from the original on March 26, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  7. ^ "Erotic D Interview- Part 1 (June 2008)". Dubcnn.com. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  8. ^ Corcoran, Michael (1996-01-25). "Dead man rapping". Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2017-10-26. "I'm the one who told Dre to change the name to Death Row," Curry says.
  9. ^ Westhoff, Ben (2012-11-19). "The Making of The Chronic". Laweekly.com. Retrieved 2017-10-26. The name Death Row came from my partner, Unknown [DJ]. Initially it was supposed to be Def Row, as in Def Jam. D-E-F. And Dre bought the name Def Row and changed the name.
  10. ^ West Coast Pioneers (2008). "Interview unknown dj west coast pioneers 11 2008 part two". Westcoastpioneers.com (Podcast). SoundCloud. Event occurs at 40:00. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  11. ^ Morris, Chris (1996-01-20). "Death Row Is Target of Suit By Former Partner, Rapper". Billboard. New York: Billboard Music Group. p. 94. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  12. ^ a b c "Welcome to Death Row (Video 2001)". IMDb.com. September 25, 2001. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  13. ^ a b c Sullivan, Randall (2003). LAbyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implication of Death Row Records' Suge Knight, and the Origins of the Los Angeles Police Scandal. Grove Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-8021-3971-X.
  14. ^ Fischer, Blair R. (March 12, 1998). "To The Extreme and Back". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
  15. ^ Recording Industry Association of America Archived October 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. RIAA. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  16. ^ Jon Pareles (November 14, 1999). Music; Still Tough, Still Authentic. Still Relevant?. The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  17. ^ a b Rollin' with Dre: The Unauthorized Account: An Insider's Tale of the Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of West Coast Hip Hop (Williams/Alexander, 2008) ISBN 0-345-49822-4
  18. ^ Recording Industry Association of America Archived October 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. RIAA. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  19. ^ "Doggystyle - Snoop Dogg - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  20. ^ Snoop Doggy Dogg Trial: 1995–96 – A Rising Rap Star, Murder Was The Charge, Jury Frees Snoop Dogg, Suggestions For Further Reading. Law.jrank.org. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  21. ^ "Rap Research Archive". Rapresearcharchive.blogspot.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  22. ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 1". daveyd.com. June 1997. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  23. ^ "MC Hammer". MTV.
  24. ^ "MC Hammer". MTV.
  25. ^ "2pac Too Late Playa Feat Mc Hammer, Big Daddy Kane, Nutt-so Danny Boy". Wn.com. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
  26. ^ Burgess, Omar (2009-03-18). "Death Row Records: The Pardon | Rappers Talk Hip Hop Beef & Old School Hip Hop". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
  27. ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 2". daveyd.com. June 1997. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  28. ^ "What had happened was MC Hammer". Vibe.com. March 2009. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010.
  29. ^ Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
  30. ^ Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "How Vegas police probe floundered in Tupac Shakur case". LA Times. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  31. ^ Interscope Music Group – Company History. In 1996, Alex Roberts was arrested at his home in Malibu and released on a $1,000,000 bond pending further investigation under a grand jury indictment involving organized crime ties including money laundering, extortion and racketeering charges. Fighting his case for 4 1/2 years out on bail he was finally taken into custody November 19th, 2001 in Los Angeles, California Superior Court and sentenced to state and federal charges amounting to five years of prison time. His refusal to cooperate with federal authorities also lead to any reduced sentence including his deportation to Europe even though he had been raised in the USA since birth, holding dual citizenship. Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  32. ^ Scott, Cathy. Las Vegas Sun, "The death of Tupac Shakur one year later", September 6, 1997
  33. ^ [1] Archived June 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ Suge Knight Interview Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Ukmusic.com. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  35. ^ Life After Death Row: Crooked-I, Russel Simmons, Master P, Loon, Bun-B, WC, Jay Cee: Movies & TV. Amazon.com. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  36. ^ Walker, Verbal. (February 21, 2005) Crooked I's Restraining Order | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHop DX. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  37. ^ Moss, Corey. (July 25, 2005) Petey Pablo Eyez Tupac, Teams With Timbaland, Lil Jon – Music, Celebrity, Artist News. MTV. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  38. ^ Daily News – : Tha Realest Leaves Tha Row, Preparing Debut Album. Allhiphop.com (March 31, 2005). Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  39. ^ "Electric chair is hot item at Death Row Records auction". The Orange County Register. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009.
  40. ^ Dr. Dre's Chronic Get Expanded Re-Release. MTV.com. Retrieved on August 19, 2009
  41. ^ mr said that he had been in the morning to you but I'm still waiting on the phone with the best thing about being able too see my friends and relatives Snoop Dogg – Death Row: The Lost Sessions Volume 1 | Read Hip Hop Reviews, Rap Reviews & Hip Hop Album Reviews. HipHop DX (October 13, 2009). Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  42. ^ Death Row Records To Release Box Set Including Work From Tupac, Snoop Dogg & Dr. Dre Archived November 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Keepittrill.com. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  43. ^ "WIDEawake Death Row Records Reportedly Being Sold In Wake Of Parent Company's Bankruptcy". HipHopDX. December 5, 2012.
  44. ^ "Results Announcement". Ft.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  45. ^ "Dr. Dre: The Chronic". RIAA. Retrieved 22 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Have Gun Will Travel: The Spectacular Rise and Violent Fall of Death Row Records, Ronin Ro, Doubleday, 1998, 384 pages, ISBN 0-385-49134-4
  • Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implications of Death Row Records' Suge by Randall Sullivan, Atlantic Monthly Press, April 2, 2002, 384 pages, ISBN 0-87113-838-7
  • The Killing of Tupac Shakur, by Cathy Scott, Huntington Press, 2002 (2nd ed), 235 pages, ISBN 0-929712-20-X
  • Welcome to Death Row, Director: S. Leigh Savidge & Jeff Scheftel, (Video) 2001

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference imdb.com was invoked but never defined (see the help page).