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Death in a French Garden

Death in a French Garden is a 1985 French drama film directed by Michel Deville. It was entered into the 35th Berlin International Film Festival. David Aurphet, a struggling guitar teacher, is invited to give lessons to Viviane Tombsthay, the daughter of a well-to-do couple; the wife, commences an affair with him while Viviane and a neighbour, proposition him. David is robbed but is rescued by a stranger, Daniel Forest, whom he has seen hanging around near the Tombsthay's property. Daniel admits to being a contract killer, on a job and suggests that the robbery is a cover for someone who wishes to injure David's hand, such as a jealous husband. David receives an anonymous video tape with evidence of his affair, he tells Edwige about the video but not about Julia. After he finds that someone has been at his house, he asks Daniel to stay overnight just in case. Julia invites David to her home as her husband is away. After she leaves, Daniel tells David that Graham, is his intended target, he warns David to suggest he avoids Julia for a while.

When David refuses, Daniel gives him a hand gun for protection. David finds Graham there wanting to kill him. David shoots him. Julia advises David to leave and he seeks refuge with Edwige, she shows him a video that shows that he only injured Graham, killed by Julia. David is threatened by Daniel over some missing microfilm. David leaves the area with Viviane. Anémone as Edwige Ledieu Richard Bohringer as Daniel Forest Nicole Garcia as Julia Tombsthay Christophe Malavoy as David Aurphet Michel Piccoli as Graham Tombsthay Anaïs Jeanneret as Vivianne Tombsthay Jean-Claude Jay as Father Hélène Roussel as Mother Franck de la Personne as Guitar dealer Élisabeth Vitali as Waitress Daniel Vérité as Attacker Death in a French Garden on IMDb


Nerzweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Lauterecken-Wolfstein. Nerzweiler is nestled in the Eßweiler Tal in the North Palatine Uplands between Hinzweiler and Offenbach-Hundheim at an elevation of 190 m above sea level; the elevations on either side of the dale reach heights of some 300 m above sea level. The municipal area measures 213 ha, of which 10 ha is settled. Nerzweiler borders in the north on the municipality of Offenbach-Hundheim, in the east on the municipality of Aschbach, in the south on the municipality of Hinzweiler and in the west on the municipality of Glanbrücken. Nerzweiler is a loosely settled clump village on the road running through the Eßweiler Tal. In the village core, the village's sidestreets cross the main street, here, settlement is a bit heavier; the graveyard lies to the northwest, outside the village.

Given the many prehistoric archaeological finds in the broader Nerzweiler area, it can be assumed that the area right around what is now Nerzweiler was inhabited by people during the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, even as early as the New Stone Age. There were people here during Roman times, too. In state scrivener and geometer Johannes Hofmann's 1595 description of the Eßweiler Tal, he wrote: “Likewise one finds a walled sign near Hintzweiler and Nerzweiler in the fields down below at the Gutleuthaus on the road. There, such stones and quite solid pieces of limestone, like one fashioned into a table, have been found in the earth.” He was writing about finds from Roman times, such as many that were found throughout the dale. The Hachenbach chronicler, Ludwig Mahler speaks of Roman finds from the area between Nerzweiler and Aschbach. According to him, the foundations of a Roman bath with six rooms were unearthed in 1827. To a great extent, Nerzweiler shares the same history as all the villages in the Eßweiler Tal, which in many respects, form a unit.

Besides Nerzweiler itself, these villages were Hundheim, Hinzweiler, Horschbach, Oberweiler im Tal, Elzweiler, Eßweiler and the now vanished villages of Letzweiler, Niederaschbach, Nörweiler, Zeizelbach, Füllhof and Lanzweiler. According to historians’ assumptions, these villages lay in the Free Imperial Domain around the king's castle in Lautern, sometime before the 9th century, they were given over into Prüm Abbey’s ownership; this area’s ecclesiastical hub was at first the ancient church at Hirsau, the Hirsauer Kirche near Hundheim. The village of Hundheim still bore the name Glena or Glan even Neuenglan, contrasting with Altenglan – neu and alt are German for “new” and “old” respectively; this Glena became seat of a Hund. Despite this word's modern German meaning, this was a secular administrator for 14 feudal lords who held the right to share the tithes from the whole dale among themselves; the lords in question were the Junker Mühlenstein von Grumbach as the Rhinegraves’ vassal, the County Palatine of Zweibrücken, Offenbach Abbey, Remigiusberg Abbey, Tholey Abbey, Enkenbach Abbey, the Knights Hospitaller commandry at Sulzbach, the Church of Zweibrücken, the Church of Sankt Julian, the Church of Hinzweiler, the Stangenjunker of Lauterecken, the House of Blick von Lichtenberg, the Lords of Mauchenheim and the Lords of Mickelheim.

Each fiefholder held a different administrative seat. The Waldgraves and Rhinegraves, as holders of high jurisdiction, resided above the Lords of Mühlenstein near the Hirsauer Kirche and at the Springeburg; the Counts of Veldenz, as feudal lords over the dale's “poor people” chose as their seat the village of Nerzweiler, which between 1350 and 1451 was always named in documents as the seat of the Nerzweiler Amt. Michael Frey claims in his description of the Bavarian Rhine District that the Counts of Veldenz had been enfeoffed with the Amt of Nerzweiler by 1130, thus right after the county had been founded. Frey, does not name a source, his claim is thus unproven. According to a 1350 document, in which Nerzweiler had its first documentary mention, a lesser nobleman Endris genannt Müller von Grumbach made it clear that Count Heinrich II of Veldenz had hired him as Burgmann for his Castle Lauterecken. Endris, could not live at the castle owing to a lack of room. Hence, he could only show up at the castle whenever he was issued a special invitation.

He was accorded remuneration of six pounds in Heller each year, which he had to claim yearly at the Amtmann’s office at Nertzwilre. In a 1377 document, a man called; this Henne Weber from Nertzwilre was one of 40 bondsmen for Gerhard von Lauterecken, his wife Gertrud and Henne Heinzmann’s sons. Gerhard von Lauterecken had pledged allegiance to Count Heinrich II of Veldenz and declared himself ready to pay one thousand Mainz Gulden should he fail to keep his word. In five further documents from Count of Veldenz Friedrich III’s time, the issuers make reference to the state of affairs between the County of Veldenz and Electoral Palatinate. A significant part of the County of Veldenz was made up of Electoral Palatinate f

FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force

A FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force is a team of individuals specializing in urban search and rescue, disaster recovery, emergency triage and medicine. The teams are deployed to disaster sites within six hours of notification; the Federal Emergency Management Agency created the Task Force concept to provide support for large scale disasters in the United States. FEMA provides financial and training support for the Task Forces as well as creating and verifying the standards of Task Force personnel and equipment. There are 28 Task Forces in the United States, each sponsored by a local agency. In the event of a disaster in the United States, the nearest three Task Forces will be activated and sent to the site of the disaster. If the situation is large enough, additional teams will be activated; each Task Force is capable of deploying as a Type I with 70 personnel or a Type III with 28 personnel. This deployment configuration is increased; each task force member is a specialist in one of four areas: Search - locating victims of a disaster Rescue - extricating a victim from the location where they are trapped involving removing debris from around the victim Technical - structural specialists who provide engineering support for the rescuers Medical - providing medical treatment for the team and victims before and after rescueThe search and rescue personnel are organized into four Rescue Squads, each composed of an Officer and five Rescue Specialists, are capable of working 12-hour alternating shifts.

The medical personnel include four Medical Specialists. The canine rescuers are a critical element of each US&R Task Force as their keen sense of smell allows them to locate victims that might go undiscovered; the majority of the dog handlers on the Task Forces are civilian volunteers. The dogs are considered to be family pets by the handlers when the dogs are not on duty; the canine rescuers will become unmotivated if they are unsuccessful in locating victims, as they consider search and rescue to be a type of game. To keep the canines engaged after long hours of working, one of the Task Force members will hide in the rubble so the dog will have a successful'find'. In most instances, the dogs do not wear any equipment while working a debris pile. Protective booties may be used in areas. However, on large, unstable debris piles dogs do not wear booties or other protective equipment as they need to be able to splay their paws to obtain maximum traction and maintain balance. Harnesses and other equipment can pose a serious risk to the dog while working if they were to become snagged on steel rebar or other items contained within a disaster site.

Because the dogs work out of sight and out of reach of the handler, it is critical to minimize the possibility of the dog becoming trapped in a confined space or choking from an entangled collar. Because of the distinct possibility of injury from broken glass and metal, the medical unit maintains supplies for the canine rescuers. After first passing an evaluation of basic obedience, directional control and search skills known as an FSA, all canine/handler teams must pass an advanced certification known as a Certification Evaluation; this advanced certification process evaluates the ability of the canine and handler to locate an unknown number of buried subjects in multiple rubble piles in a limited period of time. All canine teams in the FEMA USAR system must achieve and maintain an advanced certification through the Certification Evaluation program to be considered a depolyable resource; this process is analogous to the Type II Basic and Type I Advanced certifications used prior to 2006. The origins of the FEMA Task Forces goes back to the early 1980s when the Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department and Metro-Dade County Fire Department created search and rescue teams to deal with rescue operations in collapsed buildings.

The State Department and the Office of Foreign Disaster Aid requested the help of these teams to assist with rescue operations in the 1985 Mexico City, the 1990 Luzon and the 1989 Leninakan earthquakes. Seeing the value in having a network of such teams in the United States, FEMA created the National Urban Search and Rescue Response System in 1989. In 1992, the concept was incorporated into the Federal Response Plan first published in 1992 and was retained in the National Response Plan and the National Response Framework. FEMA sponsored 25 national urban search-and-rescue task forces; the number of teams has expanded to 28 since 1991. Task Forces respond to a variety of different situations ranging from natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes to man-made disasters such as gas explosions and bombings. Listed below are a few of the notable situations that US&R Task Forces have responded to: Hurricane Iniki, Hawaii - September 11, 1992 Northridge earthquake, Los Angeles County, California - January 17, 1994 Oklahoma City bombing, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma - April 19, 1995 Hurricane Opal, Fort Walton Beach, Florida - October 6, 1995 Humberto Vidal Explosion, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico - November 21, 1996 Explosion of DeBruce grain elevator, Kansas - 8 June 1998 Izmit, Turkey earthquake - August 17, 1999 Athens, Greece earthquake - September 7, 1999 Hurricane Floyd - North Carolina - September 16, 1999 Düzce, Turkey earthquake - 12 November 1999 World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks, New York, New York and Washington, D.

C. - September 11, 2001 2002 Winter Olympics, Salt Lake City, Utah - February 8–24, 2002 (Task Forces acted in a supportin

Karl Friedrich Bahrdt

Karl Friedrich Bahrdt spelled Carl Friedrich Bahrdt, was an unorthodox German Protestant biblical scholar and polemicist. Controversial during his day, he is sometimes considered an "enfant terrible" and one of the most immoral characters in German learning. Bahrdt was born on August 25, 1741, at Bischofswerda, Upper Lusatia, where his father was pastor of the local church; the elder Bahrdt was a professor and general superintendent at Leipzig. He received his early education at the celebrated school of Pforta, but some commenters have found his training to have been grossly neglected. At sixteen, he enrolled in the University of Leipzig, where he studied under the mystic Christian August Crusius, head of the theological faculty; the boy varied the monotony of his studies by pranks which revealed his unbalanced character, including an attempt to raise spirits with the aid of Dr Faust's Höllenzwang. After graduation, he lectured on biblical exegesis for a time as an adjunct to his father before becoming a catechist at the church of St Peter.

He proved an eloquent and popular preacher and returned to the university as a visiting professor of biblical philology. He published a popular book of devotions, The Christian in Solitude, but was required to resign his positions and leave the Leipzig in 1768 on account of his irregular conduct. Christian Adolph Klotz was able to secure him the chair in biblical antiquities at the University of Erfurt; as the post was unpaid and Bahrdt was now married, he made his actual living as an inn-keeper and from private tutoring. Once he completed his doctorate of theology at Erlangen, he was able to persuade the faculty at Erfurt to appoint him professor designate of theology and began reading lectures, his orthodoxy had by this time vanished: Bahrdt was now an extreme rationalist and determined to popularize the position. He was not dismissed on this account, but left Erfurt in 1771 on account of his debts and the personal and professional quarrels he had become embroiled in with his colleagues, he left for a post as professor of preacher at the University of Giessen.

His personal behavior was no less or more objectionable than elsewhere, but his publication of God's Recent Revelations in Letters and Stories between 1773 and 1775 made plain his departure from official doctrine. The work—a "model version" of the New Testament in modern German—occasioned a memorably scornful attack on its poor taste by Goethe and prompted Bahrdt to again resign his position and relocate, he served as the director of the educational institution established by Carl Ulisses von Salis-Marschlins at his château at Marschlins. It had languished since Martin Planta's death in 1772, but Bahrdt disliked the strict discipline maintained by Von Salis, resigned in 1777, prompted the closing of the school. Bahrdt next served as general superintendent at Dürkheim-on-the-Hardt at the invitation of the count of Leiningen-Dagsburg, he attempted to establish a new school at Heidesheim. His luckless translation of the Bible followed him, a 1778 decision of the Court Council of the Empire prohibited him from holding any professorial office, lecturing in any capacity, or publishing any work on theology.

He again was imprisoned for a short period in Dienheim. In 1779, he took refuge in Halle, now in dire poverty. There, he kept a tavern with a billiard table near the town gate. In spite of senate and theological opposition, he obtained permission from the Prussian minister Karl Abraham von Zedlitz to lecture on subjects other than theology, he would lecture in the morning on moral philosophy and retire for the afternoon to his public house, patronized by students. He lived with his mistress and their daughters. Compelled to write to earn additional income, he developed an astounding literary activity, although most of his works are now considered comparatively worthless or a caricature of Enlightenment rationalism, he directed all his efforts at the development of a "moral system" intended to replace supernatural Christianity. Having become a Freemason at some point, Bahrdt founded a secret society to that purpose in 1787 called the German Union of the Two and Twenty, from its original number of members.

To make time for more writing, he gave up his lectures, although he opened a new inn at Weinberg near Halle. In 1789, he was arrested on account of a pasquinade he had written concerning a religious edict passed by Prussia the year before, owing to the religious reaction that set in upon the death of Frederick the Great; the king reduced the term to one year, which Bahrdt devoted to writing his autobiography, "a mixture of lies and self-prostitution", along with indecent stories and coarse polemics. The German Union was dissolved upon his arrest and publicly exposed by Johann Joachim Christoph Bode's More Notes than Text. Most of its members went on to join the Illuminati. Bahrdt died of a severe illness at Nietleben near Halle on April 23, 1792. Books by Karl Friedrich Bahrdt at Open Library Karl Friedrich Bahrdt in the German National Library catalogue Bahrdt, Karl Friedrich, "On Freedom of the Press and its Limits", in Laursen, John Christen, Early French and German Defenses of Freedom of the Press, Brill's Studies in Intellectual History, No.

113, Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-13017-3 Frank, Gustav, "Carl Friedrich Bahrdt", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 1, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 772–774 Strobel, Wolf, "Carl Friedrich Bahrdt", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 1, Berlin: Du

Mihailo Obrenović

Prince Michael Obrenović III of Serbia was the ruling Prince of Serbia from 1839 to 1842 and again from 1860 to 1868. His first reign ended when he was deposed in 1842, his second when he was assassinated in 1868, he is considered to be the most enlightened ruler of modern Serbia. He advocated the idea of a Balkan federation against the Ottoman Empire. Michael was the son of Prince Miloš Obrenović and his wife Ljubica Vukomanović, he was born in the second surviving son of the couple. He spent his childhood in Kragujevac in Požarevac and Belgrade. Having finished his education in Požarevac, Michael left Serbia with his mother to go to Vienna, his elder brother Milan Obrenović II was born in 1819 but was in poor health. Prince Miloš abdicated in favour of his firstborn Milan Obrenović II, by terminally ill and died after just month of rule. So Michael came to the throne as a minor, having been born in 1823, acclaimed prince on 25 June 1839 upon the abdication of his father and death of his elder brother.

He was declared of full age the following year. Few thrones appeared more secure, his rule might have endured throughout his life but for his want of energy and inattention to the signs of the times. In his first reign he showed himself to be a inexperienced ruler. Michael did not cope well with the complicated situation. In 1842 his reign came to a halt when he was overthrown by a rebellion led by Toma Vučić-Perišić, which enabled the Karađorđević dynasty to take the Serbian throne. After the overthrow, Prince Michael withdrew from Serbia with around one thousand of his sympathizers across Sava and Danube, his destiny was decided by Turkey. Prince Michael was directed to the estate of his sister Savka Nikolić, while Princess Ljubica was sent to Novi Sad, she died there in 1843. Michael organized her burial at Krušedol monastery, he addressed Vučić through a letter in 1853 saying that he did not want to take the throne back by violence. The prince moved to Vienna with his father, Prince Miloš Obrenović.

There he disposed of large father's estate. At that time he wrote the poem. At Vienna Michael married Countess Júlia Hunyady de Kéthely, the daughter of Count Ferenc Hunyady de Kéthely and Countess Júlia Zichy de Zich and Vásonkeő; the marriage was childless, although he did have at least one illegitimate child by a mistress whose identity has not been ascertained. While in exile he learned French and German fluently. Michael was accepted back as Prince of Serbia in September 1860, after the death of his father who had regained the throne in 1858. For the next eight years he ruled as an enlightened absolute monarch. During his second reign the People's Assembly was convened just three times, in 1861, 1864 and 1867. Prince Michael's greatest achievement was in persuading the Turkish garrisons to leave Serbia, in 1862 and 1867; this was done with major diplomatic support from Austria. In 1866 Michael began campaign of forging The First Balkan Alliance by signing the series of agreements with other Balkan entities in period 1866-68.

During his rule, the first modern Serbian coins were minted. He was the first in modern Serbian history to declare Belgrade the capital city of the country. Michael wished to divorce his wife Julia in order to marry his young mistress, Katarina Konstantinović, the daughter of his first cousin, Princess Anka Obrenović. Both resided at the royal court at his invitation, his plans for a divorce and subsequent remarriage to Katarina met with much protest from politicians and clergy, as well as the general public. His astute and gifted Prime Minister Ilija Garašanin was dismissed from his post in 1867 for daring to voice his opposition to the divorce. However, his divorce from Julia never took place. While Prince Michael Obrenović was introducing absolutism in the country, a conspiracy was formed against him; the main organizers and perpetrators of the conspiracy were the brothers Radovanović, who wanted to avenge Ljubomir Radovanović, in prison. Kosta Radovanović, the main perpetrator of the murder, was a respected merchant.

His brother, Pavle Radovanović, was with him during the assassination attempt, the third of the brothers was Đorđe Radovanović. On 10 June 1868 Michael was travelling through the park of Košutnjak in a carriage, near his country residence on the outskirts of Belgrade, with Katarina and her mother Princess Anka, when they were shot by assassins. In the park appeared Pavle and Kosta Radovanović in formal black suits, with a loaded gun pointed in the direction of the Prince's carriage. Kosta approached the carriage. Prince Michael Obrenović recognized him, because of a dispute over his brother Ljubomir; the last words of the Prince, which Kosta himself admitted when on trial were: "Well, it's true." Michael and Anka were both killed, Katarina was wounded. The plot behind the assassination has never been clarified. Anka's granddaughter Natalija Konstantinović was married in 1902 to the Montenegrin Prince Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, whose sister Zorka had married King Petar Karađorđević I in 1883, he was awarded Order of Prince Danilo I, Order of the White Eagle, Order of Saint Anna, Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky, Order of the Redeemer, Order of Saints Mau

Fairlop tube station

Fairlop is a London Underground station in Fairlop in east London, on the Central line of the London Underground. It has been in Travelcard Zone 4 since 2 January 2007, it is on the north side in Fairlop, just north of Barkingside. The station was opened on 1 May 1903 as part of the Great Eastern Railway's Woodford to Ilford "loop" or branch line; this line, designed to stimulate suburban growth, had a chequered career. As a consequence of the 1921 Railways Act, the GER was merged with other railway companies in 1923 to become part of the London & North Eastern Railway; as part of the 1935 - 1940 "New Works Programme" of the London Passenger Transport Board, the majority of the loop was to be transferred to form the eastern extensions of the Central line. Although work commenced in 1938, it was suspended on the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and work only recommenced in 1946. Steam train services serving Fairlop were suspended on 29 November 1947 and electrified Central line passenger services, to Central London via Gants Hill commenced on 31 May 1948.

The line from Newbury Park to Hainault through Fairlop had been electrified for empty train movements to the new depot at Hainault from 14 December 1947. Few alterations took place during this transfer, the station remains a fine example of an Edwardian railway station including canopies that still bear the "GER" symbol in the bracketry; the station has toilet facilities, a car park and a waiting room on both westbound and eastbound platforms. London Transport Museum Photographic Archive Fairlop LNER station, 1935 View of platforms, 1953 Booking hall, 1955