Elmore County, Alabama
Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,303, its county seat is Wetumpka. Its name is in honor of General John A. Elmore. Elmore County is part of AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Elmore County was established on February 15, 1866, from portions of Autauga, Coosa and Montgomery counties; the French established Fort Toulouse at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa in 1717. Gen. Andrew Jackson erected Fort Jackson in 1814 at the site of Fort Toulouse following the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. On 2 July 1901, a local mob lynched Robert White. In a strange turn of events, a local farmer, George White confessed in court to the killing and named five other local men as killers. Three men were sentenced to ten years in prison. On 9 June 1902 they were pardoned by Governor Jelks. In 1915 another Black man was murdered. In 1950, a City Planning Board was formed in the county seat of Wetumpka. In 1957, the National Guard Armory was constructed in the county seat of Wetumpka.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles, of which 618 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Interstate 65 U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 231 State Route 9 State Route 14 State Route 50 State Route 63 State Route 111 State Route 143 State Route 170 State Route 212 State Route 229 Coosa County Tallapoosa County Macon County Montgomery County Autauga County Chilton County As of the census of 2000, there were 65,874 people, 22,737 households, 17,552 families residing in the county; the population density was 106 people per square mile. There were 25,733 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.02% White, 20.64% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, 1.04% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 22,737 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.80% were non-families.
20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,243, the median income for a family was $47,155. Males had a median income of $32,643 versus $24,062 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,650. About 7.40% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. In the late 1990s voters voted to pass a mandatory fire fee for volunteer fire services. All citizens pay this same fee regardless of valuation of the income levels.
As of the census of 2010, there were 79,303 people, 28,301 households, 21,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 128 people per square mile. There were 32,657 housing units at an average density of 49.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.2% White, 20.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. 2.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 28,301 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. The median income for a household in the county was $53,128, the median income for a family was $62,870. Males had a median income of $46,952 versus $31,542 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,640. About 9.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. The Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women of the Alabama Department of Corrections is in Wetumpka in Elmore County; the prison houses Alabama’s female death row. Wetumpka was the site of the Wetumpka State Penitentiary. Over the past two decades, Elmore County has transferred from an economy based on agriculture to one of Alabama's fastest-growing counties. According to a recent report, 1110 jobs were created over the last 4 years. Elmore County's largest employer is the manufacturing sector; the top ten manufacturers in Elmore County include: GKN Aerospace, Neptune Technologies, Frontier Yarns, Russell Corporation, Inc, Arrowhead Composites, Hanil USA, YESAC Alabama Corporation, Quality Networks, Inc. and AES Industries.
The Elmore County Public School System serves the county. Prattville (partly in
Coosada is a town in Elmore County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 1,224, it is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area. Coosada is located at 32°30′15″N 86°20′3″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.3 square miles, of which 7.2 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Note the 1880 U. S. Census figure was for the unincorporated community of Coosada Station. Coosada was not incorporated until the 1970s; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,382 people, 472 households, 370 families residing in the town. The population density was 196.1 people per square mile. There were 529 housing units at an average density of 75.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 56.08% White, 42.55% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.22% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 472 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families.
19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.38. In the town, the population was spread out with 31.9% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $39,405, the median income for a family was $44,118. Males had a median income of $30,444 versus $22,411 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,219. About 7.7% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,224 people, 434 households, 340 families residing in the town; the population density was 172.3 people per square mile.
There were 487 housing units at an average density of 66.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 57.7% White, 40.0% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. 2.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 472 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.19. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,904, the median income for a family was $53,462. Males had a median income of $41,336 versus $24,659 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,636. About 10.6% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over. George G. McWhorter, member of the Florida Supreme Court from 1885 to 1887 William Weatherford, Creek chief. Born near Coosada. James Sanders Walker, brother to Alabama Senator John W Walker, died 1825. Son of Rev. Jeremiah Walker of VA/NC/GA fame. Elmore County Corporate Development website
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Clanton is a city in Chilton County, United States. It is part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area. At the 2010 census the population was 8,619; the city is the county seat of Chilton County. Clanton is near the site of the geographic center of the U. S state of Alabama; the town was founded by Alfred Baker in 1868. Prior to establishment in 1868, the Town of Clanton was known as the community of "Goose Pond". Baker County was renamed to Chilton County and the community of "Goose Pond" became the Town of Clanton. Clanton was named in honor of General James H. Clanton, a brigadier in the Confederate States Army, was incorporated on April 23, 1873. Baker was elected first mayor of the town. Nearby Lay Lake Dam and Mitchell Dam became Alabama Power's first two dams in the state, bringing economic improvements to the area. Immigrants played a part in starting the county's peach industry more than a century ago. Today, the peach industry is the number one industry in Chilton County, not only bringing fame to the county, but millions of dollars to the local economy.
The city of Clanton constructed a water tower in the form of a peach in 1993, becoming a landmark for travelers along Interstate 65. Early civil rights activist Ida B. Wells reproduced a photographic postcard depicting an 1891 lynching in Clanton to educate the white public of the atrocities committed against blacks. During World War II, a small German prisoner of war camp was located in Clanton. Clanton is located southeast of the center of Chilton County at 32°50'23.316" North, 86°37'41.477" West. Clanton, Alabama, in Chilton county, is 37 miles NW of Montgomery, Alabama and 144 miles SW of Atlanta, Georgia. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.1 square miles, of which 21.9 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles, or 0.62%, is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clanton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 7,800 people, 3,168 households, 2,128 families residing in the city.
The population density was 383.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,510 housing units at an average density of 172.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 46.31% White, 46.01% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 2.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,168 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females, there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,394, the median income for a family was $37,568. Males had a median income of $32,484 versus $20,344 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,299. About 15.1% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over. Clanton is governed via the mayor-council system; the mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council consists of five members elected from one of five wards. Numerous cases of corruption have been associated with the Clanton Police Department as well as the Chilton County District and Circuit Courts. David Michael Hegwood, a 22-year veteran of the Clanton Police Department, was arrested in August 2011 for stealing a sign from a local restaurant in uniform. In 2014, David Lee Hubbard, a Chilton County Sheriff's deputy, was charged with multiple counts of sexual contact with underage girls.
The trial was moved to Prattville and in December 2015, Hubbard pleaded guilty to all countsClanton Police Chief, Brian Stilwell, was arrested in April 2015, on charges relating to the misappropriation of funds from the Operation Santa Clause drive. The crimes he pleaded guilty to happened between 2010 and 2015 while Stilwell was the Clanton Police Chief and treasurer of the Chilton County Fraternal Order of Police; the former chief of the Clanton Police Department pleaded guilty on a violation of the ethics law and fraudulent use of a credit card. Over 80% of Alabama's peach crop comes from Chilton County. Clanton's most recognizable landmark is its peach-shaped water tower, which celebrates the community's agricultural significance; the City of Clanton has a jurisdiction of 30 square miles and over 30,000 people travel through Clanton every day. One of the biggest events each year in Chilton County is the annual Peach Festival held in June; the festival, held in Clanton, crowns a new Peach Queen each year and includes a Peach Parade and the Peach Jam Jubilee, a music concert and street fair.
Clanton has a 60-bed hospital with 24-hour emergency care. The Chilton County School System provides public education for Clanton. Students in Clanton may attend any public school in Chilton County. High schoolsChilton County High School LeCroy Technical Center Middle schoolClanton Middle School Elementary
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol