Debian GNU/Hurd

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Debian GNU/Hurd
Debian GNU/Hurd running GNU Emacs on IceWM
DeveloperDebian Project
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelFree
Initial releaseMay 21, 2013; 6 years ago (2013-05-21)[1]
Latest release2017 / June 18, 2017; 23 months ago (2017-06-18)[1]
Update methodAPT (several front-ends available)
Package managerdpkg
Kernel typeMicrokernel
Default user interfaceIceWM
LicenseFree software (mainly GPL).[2] Proprietary software in a separate (non-default) repository.[3]
Debian GNU/Hurd console startup and login

Debian GNU/Hurd is a flavor of the Debian operating system based on the Hurd microkernel, instead of more common Debian kernels such as Linux or FreeBSD.

Debian GNU/Hurd has been in development since 1998,[4] and made a formal release in May 2013, with 78% of the software packaged for Debian GNU/Linux ported to the GNU Hurd;[5] the Debian GNU/Hurd developers were hoping to be able to release it with Debian "Wheezy"[6][7] in 2013.[8] However, Hurd is not yet an official Debian release, and is maintained and developed as an unofficial port.

According to the GNU/Hurd compatibility guide, the current version is compatible with laptops but there is no PCMCIA support yet.[9]

Debian GNU/Hurd is distributed as an installer CD (running the official Debian installer) or ready-to-run virtual disk image (Live CD, Live USB); the CD uses the IA-32 architecture, making it compatible with IA-32 and x86-64 PCs.

The current version of Debian GNU/Hurd is 2017, published in June 2017.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "News about Debian GNU/Hurd". Archived from the original on 2017-09-29.
  2. ^ "License information". Debian. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
  3. ^ "Debian - Packages". Debian. See non-free repository
  4. ^ " is up!" (Mailing list). Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  5. ^ "A comparison between Debian GNU/hurd and Debuan Gnu/kFreeBSD". Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  6. ^ "2011-q2 – GNU Hurd news". Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Debian GNU/Hurd project page". Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  8. ^ "2013-q2 – Debian news". Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  9. ^ The Linux documentation project. "Debian GNU/Hurd (hurd-i386)". Retrieved 23 November 2015.

External links[edit]