Isadore Nordstrom

Isadore Nordstrom was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. Born on May 24, 1876, in Gothenburg, Nordstrom immigrated to the United States and on August 17, 1897, enlisted in the Navy as an ordinary seaman from the state of New York, he served on the armored cruiser USS New York during the Spanish–American War as part of the West Indies Naval Campaign, including the climactic Battle of Santiago de Cuba. By April 13, 1906, he was serving as a chief boatswain's mate on the USS Kearsarge. On that day, while the Kearsarge was conducting target practice, powder charges were accidentally ignited in the ship's forward turret, Nordstrom helped carry out wounded sailors. For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor eighteen years on December 4, 1924, his first name was spelled "Isidor" on this being the correct spelling in Swedish. Nordstrom's official Medal of Honor citation reads: For gallant conduct upon the occasion of the disastrous fire of accidentally ignited powder charges, which occurred in the forward turret of USS Kearsarge during target practice on 13 April 1906.

Chief Boatswain Nordstrom chief boatswain's mate, was among the first to enter the turret in order to assist in bringing out the injured. On February 3, 1908, Nordstrom was appointed to the warrant officer rank of boatswain, after over ten years of service as an enlisted man, he transferred to USS North Dakota in late 1912 before being promoted to chief boatswain on February 3, 1914. He was assigned to the Naval Torpedo Station in Newport, Rhode Island in November 1916. Shortly after the United States' entry into World War I in 1917, he was given a temporary commission as an ensign on July 1, 1917 and was assigned to the former German luxury liner USS Leviathan in September of the same year and served on Leviathan until April 1918, he received a temporary promotion to lieutenant on January 1, 1918. In May 1918 Nordstrom was assigned to the Navy Base in New London, Connecticut fitting out a division of submarine chasers which he commanded when they were commissioned, he was promoted to temporary lieutenant on July 1, 1918.

In August 1918 he was deployed to Plymouth, England and in September was reassigned to Corfu, Greece where he was assigned to Submarine Chaser Detachment Two. In October he was assigned as the aide to the commander of the 1st Submarine Chaser Squadron on board Submarine Chaser 90 until November 21, 1918. After the war, Nordstrom reverted to his permanent rank of chief boatswain on October 28, 1919. At about the same time, he was assigned to Naval Station Newport in Rhode Island. Lieutenant Nordstrom died while on active duty in 1930 at age 53, he is buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia with his wife, Kathryn Veronica Nordstrom. Medal of Honor Sampson Medal Spanish Campaign Medal World War I Victory Medal List of Medal of Honor recipients

The Leeds Look

The Leeds Look describes a modern architectural style using red brick and grey slate roofs used for public and commercial buildings in Leeds city centre in the 1980s onwards in order to harmonize with older brick buildings around. Though supported by the Leeds Civic Trust it has been criticised for blandness and lack of imagination. In Leeds, the growth of the financial and business services sector from the mid-1980s onwards resulted in a boom in office developments in the city centre. Destruction of older buildings and insensitive development in the 1960s and 1970s caused the formation and development of Leeds Civic Trust, who argued that the Leeds authority should endeavour to make new buildings to be in keeping with the surroundings. Planning in Leeds changed from grand schemes sweeping away of old buildings and installing large grey blocks to what the city architect, John Thorp, as "urban dentistry": removing old buildings which were not worth saving, filling in gaps and crowning; as many of the older industrial buildings were of brick with grey slate roofs, architects designed new ones in these traditional materials with neo-historical detail of terracotta and stone associated with the city's Victorian and Edwardian eras, which were approved by Leeds' planners.

This style was intended to derive from Leeds’ Victorian heritage and provide visual coherence with older buildings, was used in the city centre and in developments around the waterfront. Dr Kevin Grady, the director of Leeds Civic Trust, describes the Leeds Look as “an interim response in the 1980s for architecture that had a human scale and was pleasing on the eye following some of the mistakes of the 1960s and 70s.” Westgate Point has been said to be the best example. Developments of the style in include Quarry House and Leeds Magistrates' Court. Dr Grady describes the Magistrates Court building as the highlight of the style. "I am sure in the future. It is visually interesting, if a little eccentric, is much better than the other buildings in this style that are rather bland.”In the late 1990s it was being overtaken by more strikingly modern architecture such as Number 1, City Square. While it received praise for being in keeping with older buildings, its "stylish use of red brick", architectural critic Ken Powell said that “this style has been imposed with monotonous thoroughness and a marked dearth of imagination” and others describing it as a “bland reinterpretation of former warehouse style”.

It has been said that city became "almost infamous" for insisting that new schemes should interpret the style of its Victorian riverfront warehouses in this way. Particular criticism has been levelled at the Crowne Plaza Hotel on Wellington Street as being a “missed opportunity” and “a bland exercise in facadism, complete with badly proportioned towers and pediments based upon earlier brick warehouses, architecture whose structural integrity it manages to both mimic and mock”. Architecture of Leeds